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at skrive essay Hvad er et essay? Begrebet ’essay’ stammer egentlig fra latin ’exagium’ som bl.a. Appendix? betyder ’undersogelse’. Of The 1920's? Det er med samme betydning vi anvender genrebetegnelsen i dag, hvor et essay kan siges at harvard v?re en undersogelse, overvejelse eller refleksion over birthmark, et emne og en problemstilling. Harvard? Hvad er formalet med et essay? Formalet med et essay er at the concept of the political ga i dybden med et emne og en problemstilling ved at harvard se det fra flere (ofte overraskende) vinkler. Customer? Men modsat en diskussion er det ikke meningen, at harvard du skal argumentere for track, et bestemt synspunkt. Harvard Appendix? Det kan v?re sv?rt helt at birthmark hawthorne forsta forskellen pa et essay og en diskussion, fordi du i begge genrer kan blive bedt om at harvard appendix tage udgangspunkt i en tekst, og det derfor virker logisk ogsa at customer profile diskutere den. Appendix? Men det vigtigste ved et essay er, at profile det ikke ma blive en diskussion. Harvard? Man kan sige, at 1936 summer olympics track den store forskel er, at harvard i et essay er emnet i fokus, i en diskussion er synspunkterne i fokus. Essay On MSC? Krig er for harvard appendix, mange mennesker et negativt begreb, et begreb der ofte forbindes med dod, odel?ggelse og sorg.
Nar man som mange mennesker gor, spiller computerspil, Playstationspil osv. Fashion? hver dag, er krigsspil en faktor der n?sten ikke er til at harvard appendix undga. 1936 Summer Olympics? Mange unge og ?ldre bliver draget af disse krigsspil, da det giver en form for appendix, kontekst til den virkelige verden og folelsen af at two factor theory deltage kommer til live. Harvard? Grafikken virker ofte utrolig levende og det gor spillene meget trov?rdige. Global? Men hvilken betydning har krigsspillene pa spillerne? Ser de krigen anderledes efter at harvard appendix v?re opslugt i en verden, hvor krig optr?der som fiktiv virkelighed?
Af samme grund ma et essay ikke indeholde en konklusion. On The Flaming Youth Of The 1920's? Det er ikke vigtigt at harvard komme frem til en losning eller et fast synspunkt, fordi essayet netop er en afsogning og undersogelse af et emne. The Concept? Som vi skal se senere, har det ogsa betydning for harvard, opbygningen af essayet. Of Motivation? Hvad skal et essay indeholde? Et essay skal indeholde refleksion, undersogelse og overvejelser omkring en problemstilling. Det vigtigste er, at harvard du husker, at the concept of the omdrejningspunktet er en problemstilling dvs. Harvard Appendix? et konkret sporgsmal, som du skal reflektere over. Jane Eyre Religion? Nar du skal inddrage tekster, film og andet materiale er det derfor vigtigt, at harvard appendix du overvejer hvordan det kan give et nyt perspektiv pa din problemstilling. Birthmark Hawthorne? Til at harvard appendix hj?lpe dig med at Essay on MSC strukturere dit essay kan du anvende folgende refleksionscirkel: Refleksionscirklen kan strukturere dit essay ved at appendix lade dig fokusere pa kompositionen dvs. Fashion Customer Profile? opbygningen af dit essay. Appendix? Udgangspunktet er din problemstilling og et konkret eksempel (i).
Dern?st kommer selve refleksionen, som tager sit udgangspunkt i en kort analyse af dit eksempel (ii). Herefter reflekterer du over hertzberg two factor theory, dit eksempel, som forer videre til en abstraktion, hvor du forsoger at appendix brede dit eksempel ud til en brede kontekst eller sammenh?ng (iv). Political? Til slut kan du forsoge at harvard brede dit eksempel ud ved at Essay on MSC lade det fore videre til et nyt eksempel, som du herefter kan uddybe ved at harvard appendix tage en ny runde i refleksionscirklen. Economy:? I videoen her forklarer jeg mere uddybende, hvad der karakteriserer reflekterende skrivning med udgangspunkt i et blogindl?g (l?s i ovrigt mere her) som eksempel: Disse fem diskurser er tidligere blevet brugt af flere amerikanske pr?sidenter, fx George W. Harvard Appendix? Bush. Customer? Han benyttede dem til at appendix retf?rdiggore invasionen og krigen i mellemostlige lande (i). Birthmark? Men kan disse krigsspil, sa ikke n?sten anses for harvard appendix, propaganda for the concept of the, amerikansk politik og en slags hjernevask af spilleren? Er det ikke problematisk, nar spilleren gang pa gang far som mission, at appendix tage livet pa flere fjender, som ofte ligner USAs virkelige fjender? (ii) […] Udover dette ma det siges at hertzberg two factor theory v?re nodvendigt at appendix overveje, hvorvidt nogle af de andre diskurser kan medfore en negativ opfattelse af bestemte begreber hos spilleren. Birthmark Hawthorne? Pa den ene side er der en risiko for, at harvard appendix nogle af disse diskurser glorificerer og godtgor krig pa en falsk og usaglig baggrund. Birthmark Hawthorne? Derudover er der en risiko for, at harvard appendix diskursen om orientalisme og ”othering” giver et fordrejet og endda racistisk syn pa andre kulturer og folkef?rd. Pa den anden side kan det ogsa v?re, at hertzberg of motivation dette blot er en overfortolkning af spildiskursernes magt og indflydelse pa spillerens virkelighedsopfattelse. Harvard Appendix? Det er jo ikke til at customer vide, om langt de fleste spillere ikke stadig blot ser disse computerspil, voldelige eller ej, som ren underholdning, og stadig kan skelne det animerede fra virkeligheden.
Sa maske er det slet ikke nodvendigt, at harvard disse krigsspil bliver kritiseret for at Essay Flaming of the 1920's indeholde netop disse diskurser? (iii) Omvendt er det muligt, at harvard nogle af disse voldelige computerspil indeholder facetter, som dog er v?rd at Essay on MSC kritisere eller som minimum at appendix s?tte sporgsmalstegn ved. Essay Flaming Youth 1920's? For spiller man et spil fra Grand Theft Auto-serien, har man mulighed for at harvard sla, hvad der skal ligne, almindelige mennesker ihjel. Customer? Og det kan vise sig at harvard appendix v?re problematisk. Fashion? (iv) Ovenfor har jeg markeret de enkelte niveauer i refleksionscirklen pa et konkret eksempel. Appendix? Den indledende beskrivelse er i eksemplet ret kort, fordi jeg har skaret det lidt til (diskurserne der omtales kan du i ovrigt l?se mere om her). Hawthorne? Som du kan se er det afgorende, at harvard appendix du far inddraget forskellige eksempler og materialer i dit essay. Det er selve grundstenen. Political? Derfor kr?ver det ogsa en bred viden om emnet at appendix kunne skrive et godt essay. Eyre? Husk igen, at appendix netop fordi et essay ikke er en diskussion, hvor du skal komme frem til et endeligt synspunkt, skal det heller ikke afsluttes med en konklusion. Essay On MSC? I stedet skal du have en afslutning, som fremstar aben for appendix, l?seren, og som kan fore til videre refleksion over jane eyre, emnet: Maske er det nye og kritiske, at appendix vi nu selv styrer, nar folkem?ngder skal likvideres, eller som tidligere omtalt, mellemostlige lande skal indtages og bekriges. Essay Global Economy:? Det er sv?rt at harvard sige, hvad denne magt og disse muligheder har af effekt pa spillerens evne til at birthmark hawthorne skelne mellem virkelighed og den virtuelle verden, og hvorvidt spillene ?ndrer spillerens syn pa krig og vold.
Det eneste jeg ved, er at appendix jeg nu skal ind i stuen og likvidere en hel befolkning – men bare rolig det er jo bare et spil. The Concept? Hvordan kommer jeg i gang med et essay? Nar du skal i gang med dit essay er det vigtigt, at harvard du begynder med at summer track undersoge den problemstilling du skal arbejde med. Det kunne fx v?re: Skriv et essay om dialekter i Danmark. Harvard? Dit essay skal tage udgangspunkt i [teksten/filmklippet], og undersoge hvilken betydning dialekter har for Essay Global Economy:, vores identitet. Appendix? Emnet i ovenstaende problemstilling er dialekter og hvordan de pavirker vores identitet. Global Economy: Japan? Dvs. Harvard? du skal vide noget om dialekter fx hvor mange der findes i Danmark (hvis de overhovedet stadig findes?), hvilke forskelle der er osv. Hertzberg Two Factor Of Motivation? Derudover skal du vide noget om sprog og identitet. Det kan v?re du fx har haft et forlob om fx sociolingvistik i dansk eller engelsk (ofte en del af Almen Sprogforstaelse pa STX). Harvard? Under alle omst?ndigheder har du nu sporet dig ind pa emnet, og er allerede i gang med at Flaming Youth overveje, hvilket materiale du skal have fat i. Appendix? Nar du skal finde materiale til at the concept of the inddrage i dit essay, kan det nogle gange hj?lpe at harvard oprette et mindmap. The Concept Political? Det kan strukturere din sogning, og samtidig bevidstgore dig om, hvilke vinkler du kan undersoge og reflektere over.
I ovenstaende eksempel vil emnet for harvard, dit essay v?re dialekter. Two Factor Theory? Men for at harvard appendix du kan formulere dig om det emne, er det stadigv?k nodt til at religion v?re mere specifikt. Harvard Appendix? I et mindmap vil det betyde, at Essay on MSC de underliggende niveauer vil v?re pr?ciseringer af emnet og det dybeste niveau eksemplet (som du ifolge refleksionscirklen ofte vil begynde med). Appendix? Under emnet dialekter kan det fx v?re sporgsmalet om, hvorvidt dialekter er ved at jane uddo eller om de lever videre. Harvard Appendix? Herefter finder du en artikel, der peger pa den ene vinkel, og har maske selv et eksempel, som du ogsa gerne vil inddrage: Selve essayet er som tidligere forklaret opbygget af afsnit, hvor du undersoger enkelte dele af problemstillingen. Essay Japan? Det er igen vigtigt at harvard appendix huske pa, at birthmark hawthorne det er en undersogelse og refleksion, ikke en diskussion. Derfor skal du dog stadig undersoge flere vinkler pa emnet: Der er stor uenighed om dialekternes overlevelse. Harvard Appendix? Flere forskere har tidligere peget pa, at fashion customer dialekterne er t?t pa at harvard appendix uddo, fordi vi ikke l?ngere horer dem i hverdagen. 1936 Olympics Track? Men sporgsmalet er, om det overhovedet er rigtigt. Harvard Appendix? Nar jeg tager til Arhus, er det tydeligt for Economy: Japan, mig, at harvard de taler en anden dialekt end jeg selv gor, og kan nemt blive til grin, hvis jeg ikke sorger for at profile ?ndre min udtale v?k fra det fynske. Harvard? Den samme oplevelse har flere af personerne i filmen I Danmark er jeg fodt , som endda oplever det som diskrimination, nar de bliver grinet af.
Er det rimeligt, at Essay Global Economy: Japan de ikke kan fa lov til at appendix tale deres eget sprog i det land, hvor de er fodt? Pa den anden side er vi jo nodt til at Essay Flaming 1920's kunne forsta hinanden. Appendix? Og sonderjysk er altsa ret sv?rt at hertzberg of motivation forsta. Harvard Appendix? I ovenstaende eksempel fokuseres der pa mindst to the concept, forskellige vinkler pa dialekter. Harvard Appendix? Det bliver ikke diskuteret om det ene er mere rigtigt end det andet, men det s?tter uden tvivl tanker i gang hos l?seren. Profile? S?rligt direkte sporgsmal kan v?re med til at appendix v?kke l?serens interesse, men brug dem med made og husk at Economy: Japan fa reflekteret over harvard appendix, nogle af dem undervejs, sa l?seren ikke foler sig snydt. Essay On MSC? Husk igen, at harvard selvom essayet til eksamen altid indeholder materiale som du skal tage udgangspunkt i, sa er det ikke nok blot at fashion customer henvise til det alene. Appendix? I et essay forventes det, at Essay Global Economy: Japan du har mere at harvard appendix byde ind med. The Concept Of The? Hvis du har adgang til internettet, er det oplagt at appendix finde materiale der, og ellers ma du inddrage det du har fra undervisningen m.m. Of The Political? Det vigtigste ved et essay er: At du fokuserer pa emnet og problemstillingen, ikke kun teksten.
At du undersoger og reflekterer, ikke diskuterer. Appendix? At du ender med en afslutning, ikke en konklusion. The Concept Of The Political? At du inddrager din viden og andet materiale om emnet. Harvard? Du skal v?re logget ind for at Essay Global Economy: Japan skrive en kommentar.
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328 Official GRE Essay Topics to Practice With. ETS has published the appendix complete pool of 328 GRE essay topics which will ever appear on Essay Global Economy: Japan the Analytical Writing section of the test. While these collections of prompts provide unparalleled Analytical Writing practice, some test takers may find the sheer number of possible essay topics to be a bit overwhelming. In this article, we’ve assembled over harvard appendix 60 official GRE essay topics for the concept, both the Issue and Argument tasks and used them to harvard, illustrate the 14 different kinds of fashion, GRE writing prompts you could see on test day. Harvard! With this expert analysis, you’ll know how to tackle any GRE essay prompt that comes your way. feature image credit: Female Typing/used under CC BY 2.0/Resized and cropped from original. GRE Essay Topics Pool: How It Works. ETS has publicly listed all the essay topics that will ever appear on the GRE for both the Analyze an Issue and the Analyze an Argument Analytical Writing tasks.
There are 152 different possible GRE essay topics in the GRE Issue pool and 176 different GRE essay topics in the GRE Argument pool , which means it’s unlikely you’ll run out of official prompts to profile, practice with. And while there’s only a 1/328 chance that one of the GRE writing prompts you practice with ends up being on the test, that’s still better odds than if you practiced with non-official prompts, especially if you end up using a lot of practice prompts. Each set of GRE essay topics can further be broken down by the specific task you’re asked to complete in harvard appendix, your answer . We’ll start by looking at the six different possible GRE Issue essay topics. Quick side note: we've created the world's leading online GRE prep program that adapts to Flaming, you and your strengths and weaknesses. Not sure what to appendix, study? Confused by Essay Japan how to appendix, improve your score? PrepScholar guides you, step by the concept of the step. I want to be clear - you don't NEED a prep program to get a great GRE score. But we believe PrepScholar is the best GRE prep program available right now , especially if you find it hard to organize your study schedule and harvard, don't know what to study. Each Analyze an Issue essay topic “consists of an Flaming Youth of the issue statement or statements followed by harvard appendix specific task instructions that tell you how to respond to the issue” (source: ETS).
The specific words used for the topics might be a little different on the test, but in general what you see in the GRE issue pool is what you’ll get. ETS also warns test takers that there might be some mix-and-matching of different issues with different task instructions among the prompts , so don’t skip over the prompt if you recognize the issue; it’s possible that you’ll have written about the hertzberg two factor theory issue before in response to a different task. The specifics of the appendix task you’re asked to do differ depending on the prompt, but the core of all the Issue tasks is this one question: Do you agree or disagree with this (statement, view, claim, conclusion, recommendation, policy) and/or its basis? There are 152 different pairings of political, issues and tasks in the GRE issue pool. Among these GRE essay topics, however, there are actually only six tasks you’ll be asked to perform , and not all tasks are equally common. Below, we’ve analyzed these six GRE essay prompts.
In addition to presenting each task as it will appear on harvard appendix the GRE , we’ve also determined the likelihood of the jane task showing up on the test and provided a sampling of the issues that you might see paired with the task. Donuts/used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped and resized from harvard appendix, original. Issue Task 1: Agree/Disagree With a Statement. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to olympics track, which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with a given statement . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 54/152 ( 35.5% ) Examples of the statements to be analyzed. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. In any field of inquiry, the beginner is more likely than the expert to make important contributions. Harvard Appendix! There is fashion customer, little justification for society to harvard appendix, make extraordinary efforts – especially at a great cost in money and jobs – to save endangered animal or plant species. Unfortunately, in contemporary society, creating an appealing image has become more important than the on The Flaming reality or truth behind that image.
Government officials should rely on their own judgment rather than unquestioningly carry out the will of the harvard people whom they serve. The best test of an argument is the argument’s ability to convince someone with an opposing viewpoint. If a goal is worthy, then any means taken to attain it are justifiable. The primary goal of technological advancement should be to hertzberg two factor, increase people’s efficiency so that they have more leisure time. We can learn much more from people whose views we share than from people whose views contradict our own. Any leader who is appendix, quickly and easily influenced by shifts in popular opinion will accomplish little.
True success can be measured primarily in terms of the goals one sets for oneself. goal/used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Resized from original. Issue Task 2: Agree/Disagree With a Recommendation. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and two factor, explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your reasons for appendix, agreeing or disagreeing with a recommendation for a course of action . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 24/152 ( 15.8% ) Examples of the recommendations to jane religion, be analyzed. Governments should focus on harvard solving the immediate problems of today rather than on trying to solve the anticipated problems of the future. College students should be encouraged to pursue subjects that interest them rather than the jane eyre religion courses that seem most likely to appendix, lead to the concept, jobs. Scientists and other researchers should focus their research on areas that are likely to benefit the greatest number of people. Nations should suspend government funding for appendix, the arts when significant numbers of Global Economy: Japan, their citizens are hungry or unemployed.
Educators should base their assessment of appendix, students’ learning not on students’ grasp of facts but on the ability to explain the ideas, trends, and concepts that those facts illustrate. Candid/used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped and resized from original. Issue Task 3: Agree/Disagree With a Claim. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the jane eyre claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the appendix most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with a claim . Number of of the 1920's, topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 25/152 ( 16.4% ) Examples of the harvard appendix claims to be analyzed. Universities should require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student’s field of hertzberg theory, study. It is no longer possible for a society to regard any living man or woman as a hero. Critical judgment of work in harvard appendix, any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in that field. In most professions and academic fields, imagination is more important than knowledge. Nations should pass laws to fashion customer, preserve any remaining wilderness areas in their natural state.
Issue Task 4: Which view aligns with your own? Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and harvard appendix, supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. What they’re really asking : Explain which two views you most agree with and back it up with reasoning. Number of Essay on The Flaming of the 1920's, topics in harvard, the GRE issue pool on this task : 18/152 ( 11.8% ) Examples of the Global Japan views to be analyzed. Some people believe it is often necessary, even desirable, for political leaders to withhold information from the public. Others believe that the public has a right to be fully informed. Appendix! Some people claim that you can tell whether a nation is great by looking at the concept political, the achievements of harvard, its rulers, artists, or scientists. Others argue that the surest indicator of a great nation is, in fact, the general welfare of all its people.
Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the well-being of the societies and two factor theory of motivation, environments in appendix, which they operate. Others believe that the 1936 only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the well-being of the societies and environments in which they operate. Others believe that the harvard appendix only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the the concept law, is to make as much money as possible. Issue Task 5: Agree/Disagree With a Claim and Its Basis. Write a response in appendix, which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and 1936 summer track, the reason on which that claim is based. What they’re really asking : Analyze an issue by explaining your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with not just the claim, but the reason on which the claim is based . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 19/152 ( 12.5% ) Examples of the appendix claims to be analyzed. Claim: When planning courses, educators should take into account the interests and suggestions of their students.Reason: Students are more motivated to learn when they are interested in what they are studying. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on fashion profile which that claim is based.
Claim: Any piece of information referred to as a fact should be mistrusted, since it may well be proven false in the future.Reason: Much of the information that people assume is factual actually turns out to be inaccurate. Claim: Imagination is a more valuable asset than experience.Reason: People who lack experience are free to imagine what is possible without the harvard constraints of established habits and attitudes. Claim: Knowing about the Essay Japan past cannot help people to make important decisions today.Reason: We are not able to appendix, make connections between current events and two factor, past events until we have some distance from both. Want to improve your GRE score by 7 points? We have the industry's leading GRE prep program.
Built by harvard appendix world-class instructors with 99th percentile GRE scores, the Essay Global Economy: program learns your strengths and weaknesses through machine learning data science, then customizes your prep program to harvard, you so you get the most effective prep possible. Try our 5-day full access trial for free: Issue Task 6: Explain Your Views on a Policy. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and the concept of the political, explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the appendix policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your stance on a policy . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on olympics track this task : 12/152 ( 7.9% ) Example of a policy to be analyzed. In any field – business, politics, education, government – those in appendix, power should be required to step down after five years. Write a response in Essay Economy: Japan, which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take.
In developing and appendix, supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and the concept political, explain how these consequences shape your position. For the appendix Argument task on the GRE, you’ll be asked to Essay Japan, read a short passage containing an argument and then analyze that argument according to instructions. As with the harvard Issue task, there might be some very slight variations in wording between the way the tasks are written on the test as compared to the way they are online, but for the most part what you see online is what will be on the GRE. Similarly, there may be some arguments that are repeated across prompts in the GRE Argument pool, but they’ll each be followed by a different task, so it’s important to read the entire essay prompt (including the task) before beginning your analysis . There are some commonalities across all of the essay prompts on the GRE Argument pool page, even beyond the fact that every task asks you to look at some kind of argument and analyze it. Of the 176 possible Argument topics , there are just eight different tasks you’ll be asked to perform, and of those eight tasks, numbers 3, 4, 6, 8 below are all basically different ways of asking you to “evaluate this stance and explain why you’ve determined whether or not it has a reasonable basis.” Below, we’ve presented each of the eight GRE writing prompts as they will appear on the exam, figured out how likely the task is to show up , and given some examples of arguments you might be asked to analyze. Argument Task 1: Evaluate an Argument and two factor, Evidence. Write a response in harvard appendix, which you discuss what specific evidence is 1936, needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. What they’re really asking : Discuss how different, specific evidence could weaken or strengthen the argument. Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 52/176 ( 29.5% ) Examples of the arguments to be analyzed.
The following appeared in a letter from a firm providing investment advice to harvard appendix, a client. “Homes in 1936 olympics, the northeastern United States, where winters are typically cold, have traditionally used oil as their major fuel for heating. Last year that region experienced twenty days with below-average temperatures, and local weather forecasters throughout the region predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes have been built in this region during the past year. Because of these developments, we predict an increased demand for heating oil and recommend investment in harvard, Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of Global, home heating oil.” The following appeared in appendix, a memorandum from the manager of WWAC radio station. “To reverse a decline in listener numbers, our owners have decided that WWAC must change from its current rock-music format. The decline has occurred despite population growth in Economy:, our listening area, but that growth has resulted mainly from people moving here after their retirement. We must make listeners of these new residents. We could switch to appendix, a music format tailored to their tastes, but a continuing decline in local sales of recorded music suggests limited interest in music. Instead we should change to a news and talk format, a form of of the, radio that is increasingly popular in harvard, our area.” Three years ago, because of olympics track, flooding at the Western Palean Wildlife Preserve, 100 lions and 100 western gazelles were moved to the East Palean Preserve, an area that is home to most of the same species that are found in the western preserve, though in larger numbers, and to the eastern gazelle, a close relative of the western gazelle. The only difference in climate is that the eastern preserve typically has slightly less rainfall. Unfortunately, after three years in the eastern preserve, the appendix imported western gazelle population has been virtually eliminated. Since the slight reduction in rainfall cannot be the profile cause of the virtual elimination of western gazelle, their disappearance must have been caused by the larger number of harvard appendix, predators in eyre, the eastern preserve.
The following appeared in a recommendation from the president of Amburg’s Chamber of Commerce. “Last October the city of Belleville installed high-intensity lighting in harvard, its central business district, and hertzberg two factor theory of motivation, vandalism there declined within a month. Harvard! The city of Amburg has recently begun police patrols on bicycles in its business district, but the rate of vandalism there remains constant. We should install high-intensity lighting throughout Amburg, then, because doing so is a more effective way to olympics track, combat crime. By reducing crime in harvard appendix, this way, we can revitalize the declining neighborhoods in our city.” The following appeared in a memo from the vice president of 1936 summer olympics track, Butler Manufacturing. “During the past year, workers at Butler Manufacturing reported 30 percent more on-the-job accidents than workers at nearby Panoply Industries, where the work shifts are one hour shorter than ours. A recent government study reports that fatigue and sleep deprivation among workers are significant contributing factors in many on-the-job accidents. If we shorten each of our work shifts by appendix one hour, we can improve Butler Manufacturing’s safety record by ensuring that our employees are adequately rested.” The following appeared in a letter to the editor of Parson City’s local newspaper. “In our region of Trillura, the customer profile majority of money spent on the schools that most students attend – the city-run public schools – comes from taxes that each city government collects. The region’s cities differ, however, in appendix, the budgetary priority they give to public education. For example, both as a proportion of its overall tax revenues and in absolute terms, Parson City has recently spent almost twice as much per year as Blue City has for its public schools – even though both cities have about the same number of residents.
Clearly, Parson City residents place a higher value on providing a good education in public schools than Blue City residents do.” Milk and Flaming of the 1920's, dairy products are rich in vitamin D and calcium – substances essential for appendix, building and maintaining bones. Japan! Many people therefore say that a diet rich in harvard, dairy products can help prevent osteoporosis, a disease that is linked to both environmental and genetic factors and that causes the bones to the concept, weaken significantly with age. But a long-term study of a large number of people found that those who consistently consumed dairy products throughout the years of the study have a higher rate of bone fractures than any other participants in the study. Since bone fractures are symptomatic of osteoporosis, this study result shows that a diet rich in dairy products may actually increase, rather than decrease, the risk of osteoporosis. The following appeared in a memo at XYZ company. “When XYZ lays off employees, it pays Delany Personnel Firm to offer those employees assistance in creating resumes and harvard appendix, developing interviewing skills, if they so desire. Laid-off employees have benefited greatly from Delany’s services: last year those who used Delany found jobs much more quickly than did those who did not. Recently, it has been proposed that we use the less expensive Walsh Personnel Firm in place of Delany. This would be a mistake because eight years ago, when XYZ was using Walsh, only half of the workers we laid off at that time found jobs within a year. Moreover, Delany is clearly superior, as evidenced by its bigger staff and Essay Global Economy:, larger number of branch offices.
After all, last year Delany’s clients took an average of harvard, six months to find jobs, whereas Walsh’s clients took nine.” An ancient, traditional remedy for insomnia – the scent of lavender flowers – has now been proved effective. In a recent study, 30 volunteers with chronic insomnia slept each night for three weeks on lavender-scented pillows in jane religion, a controlled room where their sleep was monitored electronically. During the first week, volunteers continued to take their usual sleeping medication. They slept soundly but wakened feeling tired. Appendix! At the beginning of the second week, the Japan volunteers discontinued their sleeping medication. During that week, they slept less soundly than the appendix previous week and felt even more tired. During the third week, the volunteers slept longer and more soundly than in the previous two weeks.
Therefore, the study proves that lavender cures insomnia within a short period of time. Argument Task 2: Examine Assumptions and Implications. Write a response in Essay on The Flaming Youth, which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions, and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted. What they’re really asking : Discuss assumptions made in the argument and how the argument would be strengthened or weakened if the harvard assumptions are wrong . Number of eyre, topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 50/176 ( 28.4% ) Examples of the arguments to harvard appendix, be analyzed. Nature’s Way, a chain of of the political, stores selling health food and other health-related products, is opening its next franchise in the town of Plainsville. The store should prove to be very successful: Nature’s Way franchises tend to be most profitable in areas where residents lead healthy lives, and clearly Plainsville is such an harvard appendix area. Plainsville merchants report that sales of running shoes and Essay Global Economy: Japan, exercise clothing are at all-time highs. The local health club has more members than ever, and the weight training and harvard, aerobics classes are always full.
Finally, Plainsville’s schoolchildren represent a new generation of potential customers: these schoolchildren are required to participate in a fitness-for-life program, which emphasizes the the concept benefits of regular exercise at an early age. Appendix! The following was written as a part of an application for a small-business loan by a group of developers in Flaming Youth, the city of Monroe. “Jazz music is extremely popular in the city of Monroe: over 100,000 people attended Monroe’s annual jazz festival last summer, and the highest-rated radio program in Monroe is ‘Jazz Nightly,’ which airs every weeknight. Also, a number of well-known jazz musicians own homes in Monroe. Nevertheless, the appendix nearest jazz club is over an hour away. Given the religion popularity of harvard appendix, jazz in Monroe and a recent nationwide study indicating that the typical jazz fan spends close to $1,000 per year on jazz entertainment, a jazz music club in jane eyre, Monroe would be tremendously profitable.” The following appeared in a letter to harvard appendix, the editor of a journal on environmental issues. “Over the past year, the Crust Copper Company (CCC) has purchased over 10,000 square miles of land in Japan, the tropical nation of West Fredonia. Mining copper on this land will inevitably result in pollution and, since West Fredonia is the harvard home of several endangered animal species, in environmental disaster. But such disasters can be prevented if consumers simply refuse to purchase products that are made with CCC’s copper unless the company abandons its mining plans.” Humans arrived in the Kaliko Islands about 7,000 years ago, and within 3,000 years most of the large mammal species that had lived in the forests of the Kaliko Islands had become extinct.
Yet humans cannot have been a factor in the species’ extinctions, because there is Essay Flaming Youth of the, no evidence that the humans had any significant contact with the mammals. Further, archaeologists have discovered numerous sites where the bones of fish had been discarded, but they found no such areas containing the bones of large mammals, so the humans cannot have hunted the harvard mammals. Therefore, some climate change or other environmental factor must have caused the species’ extinctions. The following appeared in a memo from the vice president of marketing at Dura-Sock, Inc. “A recent study of Essay on The Flaming 1920's, our customers suggests that our company is appendix, wasting the money it spends on its patented Endure manufacturing process, which ensures that our socks are strong enough to last for two years. Essay Economy: Japan! We have always advertised our use of the Endure process, but the new study shows that despite our socks’ durability, our average customer actually purchases new Dura-Socks every three months. Harvard Appendix! Furthermore, our customers surveyed in our largest market, northeastern United States cities, say that they most value Dura-Socks’ stylish appearance and availability in many colors.
These findings suggest that we can increase our profits by Essay Economy: Japan discontinuing use of the Endure manufacturing process.” When Stanley Park first opened, it was the largest, most heavily used public park in town. It is still the harvard appendix largest park, but it is no longer heavily used. Video cameras mounted in the park’s parking lots last month revealed the park’s drop in popularity: the recordings showed an average of only of the 50 cars per day. In contrast, tiny Carlton Park in the heart of the business district is visited by more than 150 people on a typical weekday. Harvard Appendix! An obvious difference is that Carlton Park, unlike Stanley Park, provides ample seating. Thus, if Stanley Park is ever to be as popular with our citizens as Carlton Park, the town will obviously need to provide more benches, thereby converting some of the unused open areas into spaces suitable for socializing. While the Department of Education in the state of Attra recommends that high school students be assigned homework every day, the data from a recent statewide survey of the concept of the political, high school math and science teachers give us reason to appendix, question the usefulness of religion, daily homework. In the harvard appendix district of Sanlee, 86 percent of the teachers reported assigning homework three to five times a week, whereas in of the, the district of Marlee, less than 25 percent of the appendix teachers reported assigning homework three to five times a week.
Yet the students in Marlee earn better grades overall and are less likely to be required to repeat a year of school than are the students in Flaming Youth 1920's, Sanlee. Harvard Appendix! Therefore, all teachers in Economy:, our high schools should assign homework no more than twice a week. Appendix! The following appeared in a memo to political, the board of directors of harvard appendix, Bargain Brand Cereals. “One year ago we introduced our first product, Bargain Brand breakfast cereal. Our very low prices quickly drew many customers away from the Global top-selling cereal companies. Harvard! Although the companies producing the Essay Global top brands have since tried to compete with us by lowering their prices and although several plan to introduce their own budget brands, not once have we needed to raise our prices to appendix, continue making a profit. Given our success in selling cereal, we recommend that Bargain Brand now expand its business and begin marketing other low-priced food products as quickly as possible.” The following is a recommendation from the personnel director to the president of Acme Publishing Company. “Many other companies have recently stated that having their employees take the Easy Read Speed-Reading Course has greatly improved productivity. One graduate of the course was able to read a 500-page report in only two hours; another graduate rose from an the concept of the assistant manager to harvard appendix, vice president of the company in under a year.
Obviously, the faster you can read, the on The Flaming of the more information you can absorb in a single workday. Moreover, Easy Read would cost Acme only $500 per employee — a small price to pay when you consider the benefits. Included in this fee is a three-week seminar in Spruce City and harvard, a lifelong subscription to the Easy Read newsletter. Clearly, Acme would benefit greatly by requiring all of our employees to take the fashion customer profile Easy Read course.” Argument Task 3: Evaluate a Recommendation and Its Basis. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in harvard, order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. What they’re really asking : Discuss the different, specific questions that would need to be answered to determine how reasonable the recommendation is.
Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 24/176 ( 13.6% ) Examples of the recommendations to be analyzed. The following appeared in a memo from a vice president of Alta Manufacturing. “During the past year, Alta Manufacturing had thirty percent more on-the-job accidents than nearby Panoply Industries, where the work shifts are one hour shorter than ours. Of The! Experts believe that a significant contributing factor in many accidents is fatigue caused by sleep deprivation among workers. Therefore, to reduce the number of on-the-job accidents at Alta, we recommend shortening each of our three work shifts by harvard one hour. If we do this, our employees will get adequate amounts of summer olympics, sleep.” Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to harvard, be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and 1936, the argument on which it is appendix, based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to Essay on The Youth 1920's, these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. Appendix! Since those issues of Newsbeat magazine that featured political news on their front cover were the poorest-selling issues over the past three years, the publisher of Newsbeat has recommended that the magazine curtail its emphasis on politics to focus more exclusively on economics and personal finance. She points to a recent survey of readers of general interest magazines that indicates greater reader interest in economic issues than in political ones.
Newsbeat ‘s editor, however, opposes the proposed shift in jane eyre religion, editorial policy, pointing out that very few magazines offer extensive political coverage anymore. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to appendix, these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. The following appeared in an article in 1936, the Grandview Beacon . “For many years the city of Grandview has provided annual funding for the Grandview Symphony. Last year, however, private contributions to the symphony increased by 200 percent and attendance at the symphony’s concerts-in-the-park series doubled.
The symphony has also announced an appendix increase in ticket prices for next year. Given such developments, some city commissioners argue that the symphony can now be fully self-supporting, and they recommend that funding for the symphony be eliminated from next year’s budget.” Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in Essay Japan, order to decide whether the appendix recommendation and the concept, the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to harvard, explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia. Using an observation-centered approach to studying Tertian culture, he concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents.
Recently another anthropologist, Dr. Karp, visited the Essay Economy: group of islands that includes Tertia and used the interview-centered method to harvard appendix, study child-rearing practices. In the Essay Global interviews that Dr. Karp conducted with children living in this group of islands, the children spent much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. Dr. Karp decided that Dr. Field’s conclusion about Tertian village culture must be invalid. Some anthropologists recommend that to obtain accurate information on Tertian child-rearing practices, future research on the subject should be conducted via the interview-centered method. Argument Task 4: Evaluate Advice and Questions.
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to harvard appendix, decide whether the Economy: advice and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to appendix, explain how the Global Economy: Japan answers to these questions would help to evaluate the advice. What they’re really asking : Discuss the different, specific questions needed to determine if the appendix advice and the argument it’s based on are reasonable . This task is pretty much the same as task 3; the main difference is in the way the prompt is worded (as advice vs. a recommendation being given). Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 2/176 ( 1.1% ) Examples of the advice to be analyzed. The following appeared in a newsletter offering advice to investors. “Over 80 percent of the respondents to a recent survey indicated a desire to reduce their intake of foods containing fats and cholesterol, and today low-fat products abound in many food stores. Since many of the food products currently marketed by Old Dairy Industries are high in fat and cholesterol, the company’s sales are likely to diminish greatly and company profits will no doubt decrease.
We therefore advise Old Dairy stockholders to sell their shares, and other investors not to purchase stock in this company.” Want to improve your GRE score by 7+ points? Check out our best-in-class online GRE prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your GRE score by profile 7 points or more. PrepScholar GRE is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and appendix, weaknesses. We also feature thousands of practice questions, 2 official GRE practice tests, and 1-on-1 scoring and feedback on your AWA essays.
Check out our 5-day free trial now: Argument Task 5: Evaluate a Recommendation’s Likely Results. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to Essay Global, be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Harvard! Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. What they’re really asking : Discuss specific questions and information that would be needed to show the recommendation would have the expected outcome . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 21/176 ( 11.9% ) Examples of the recommendations to be analyzed. The following appeared in a letter from the Essay Global Japan owner of the Sunnyside Towers apartment building to its manager. “One month ago, all the showerheads on the first five floors of Sunnyside Towers were modified to restrict the water flow to appendix, approximately one-third of its original flow. Although actual readings of eyre religion, water usage before and harvard appendix, after the adjustment are not yet available, the change will obviously result in a considerable savings for the concept of the political, Sunnyside Corporation, since the harvard appendix corporation must pay for Essay Flaming 1920's, water each month. Except for a few complaints about low water pressure, no problems with showers have been reported since the adjustment. Clearly, restricting water flow throughout all the twenty floors of Sunnyside Towers will increase our profits further.” The following memorandum is from the harvard appendix business manager of Happy Pancake House restaurants. “Butter has now been replaced by margarine in Happy Pancake House restaurants throughout the Essay Global Economy: southwestern United States. Only about 2 percent of customers have complained, indicating that 98 people out of harvard appendix, 100 are happy with the change.
Furthermore, many servers have reported that a number of customers who ask for Essay Economy:, butter do not complain when they are given margarine instead. Clearly, either these customers cannot distinguish butter from margarine or they use the term ‘butter’ to refer to either butter or margarine. Thus, to harvard appendix, avoid the expense of hertzberg two factor, purchasing butter and to increase profitability, the Happy Pancake House should extend this cost-saving change to its restaurants in the southeast and northeast as well.” The following memo appeared in the newsletter of the West Meria Public Health Council. Appendix! “An innovative treatment has come to our attention that promises to significantly reduce absenteeism in our schools and workplaces. A study reports that in jane eyre religion, nearby East Meria, where consumption of the plant beneficia is very high, people visit the doctor only once or twice per harvard appendix, year for of the, the treatment of colds. Clearly, eating a substantial amount of beneficia can prevent colds. Since colds are the reason most frequently given for absences from school and harvard, work, we recommend the customer profile daily use of nutritional supplements derived from beneficia.
We predict this will dramatically reduce absenteeism in our schools and workplaces.” The following appeared in an e-mail sent by the marketing director of the harvard appendix Classical Shakespeare Theatre of Bardville. “Over the past ten years, there has been a 20 percent decline in the size of the Essay Flaming average audience at Classical Shakespeare Theatre productions. Harvard Appendix! In spite of increased advertising, we are attracting fewer and fewer people to on The 1920's, our shows, causing our profits to decrease significantly. We must take action to attract new audience members. The best way to appendix, do so is by instituting a ‘Shakespeare in the Park’ program this summer. Two years ago the nearby Avon Repertory Company started a ‘Free Plays in hertzberg two factor theory of motivation, the Park’ program, and its profits have increased 10 percent since then. If we start a ‘Shakespeare in the Park’ program, we can predict that our profits will increase, too.” Lego Shakespeare/used under CC BY 2.0/cropped and resized from original.
Argument Task 6: Evaluate a Prediction and harvard, Its Basis. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the prediction and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the customer answers to harvard, these questions would help to evaluate the prediction. What they’re really asking : Discuss the specific questions that need to be answered to determine how reasonable the prediction and its basis are . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on on The Youth of the this task : 14/176 ( 8.0% ) Examples of the predictions to be analyzed. The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of harvard, KNOW radio station. Customer Profile! “Several factors indicate that KNOW radio can no longer succeed as a rock-and-roll music station. Consider, for example, that the number of people in harvard, our listening area over fifty years of age has increased dramatically, while our total number of listeners has declined. Also, music stores in our area report decreased sales of rock-and-roll music.
Finally, continuous news stations in neighboring cities have been very successful. We predict that switching KNOW radio from rock-and-roll music to 24-hour news will allow the station to attract older listeners and make KNOW radio more profitable than ever.” The council of fashion customer, Maple County, concerned about the county’s becoming overdeveloped, is debating a proposed measure that would prevent the harvard development of eyre, existing farmland in harvard, the county. But the council is also concerned that such a restriction, by limiting the supply of new housing, could lead to significant increases in the price of housing in the county. Proponents of the measure note that Chestnut County established a similar measure ten years ago, and its housing prices have increased only modestly since. However, opponents of the measure note that Pine County adopted restrictions on the development of hertzberg two factor theory, new residential housing fifteen years ago, and its housing prices have since more than doubled. The council currently predicts that the proposed measure, if passed, will result in a significant increase in harvard appendix, housing prices in Maple County. IMG_2529/used under CC BY 2.0/resized from fashion, original. Argument Task 7: Discuss Alternative Explanations.
Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and harvard appendix, explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument. What they’re really asking : Discuss alternative explanations that would reasonably explain the evidence discussed in the argument. Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on political this task : 11/176 ( 6.3% ) Examples of the explanation and appendix, argument to be analyzed. The following appeared in a memo from the director of a large group of hospitals. “In a controlled laboratory study of liquid hand soaps, a concentrated solution of extra strength UltraClean hand soap produced a 40 percent greater reduction in olympics track, harmful bacteria than did the liquid hand soaps currently used in our hospitals. During our recent test of regular-strength UltraClean with doctors, nurses, and visitors at our hospital in Worktown, the harvard appendix hospital reported significantly fewer cases of customer, patient infection (a 20 percent reduction) than did any of the other hospitals in our group. Harvard! The explanation for the 20 percent reduction in political, patient infections is the use of UltraClean soap.” There is now evidence that the relaxed pace of life in small towns promotes better health and greater longevity than does the hectic pace of life in big cities. Appendix! Businesses in the small town of the concept, Leeville report fewer days of sick leave taken by individual workers than do businesses in the nearby large city of Masonton. Furthermore, Leeville has only harvard one physician for its one thousand residents, but in Masonton the proportion of physicians to residents is five times as high.
Finally, the summer olympics average age of Leeville residents is significantly higher than that of Masonton residents. These findings suggest that the relaxed pace of life in appendix, Leeville allows residents to Global Economy:, live longer, healthier lives. Yes?/used under CC BY 2.0/resized from original. Argument Task 8: Evaluate a Conclusion and Its Basis. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to appendix, be addressed in order to decide whether the conclusion and the argument on which it is based are reasonable.
Be sure to explain how the answers to the questions would help to evaluate the conclusion. What they’re really asking : Discuss the specific questions that need to be answered to determine if the conclusion and its basis are reasonable . Number of 1936 summer olympics, topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 2/176 ( 1.1% ) Examples of conclusions to be analyzed. A recent sales study indicates that consumption of appendix, seafood dishes in Bay City restaurants has increased by 30 percent during the past five years. Yet there are no currently operating city restaurants whose specialty is profile, seafood. Moreover, the majority of families in Bay City are two-income families, and a nationwide study has shown that such families eat significantly fewer home-cooked meals than they did a decade ago but at the same time express more concern about healthful eating. Therefore, the new Captain Seafood restaurant that specializes in harvard appendix, seafood should be quite popular and profitable. GRE Essay Prompts: 3 Terrific Tips. No matter which of the GRE essay topics you encounter on test day, the following tips will help you prepare. When you’re working on practice GRE writing prompts, make sure you stick to a strict 30-minute time limit for each Analytical Writing prompt. If you need to build up to Essay Flaming Youth 1920's, writing within this time limit, you can start out by giving yourself extra time and then working your way down to 30 minutes.
However, try not to only practice with extra time , or you’ll be unprepared for the real GRE Analytical Writing essays. To get the best practice for the computer-based GRE, you should write all your practice essays on a computer . If possible, use the simple word processor in harvard, the PowerPrep Test Preview Tool or practice tests to do every practice essay. You’ll need to get used to the lack of spellcheck and eyre religion, familiar shortcuts or features of your own word processor that you might not realize how often you use, like select all, copy, cut, paste, or undo; it’s surprising to find how much not being able to use CTL+A to select all or CTL+V to paste can affect your writing and editing speed. Even if you’re not writing about the GRE essay prompts given in harvard appendix, PowerPrep, you can still use the text box and timer in the test preview tool or one of the practice tests to write practice essays on other prompts . Just be sure to hertzberg theory of motivation, save your essay into a separate document on your computer so you can go back and read and score it afterwards. Once you’ve written your practice Issue and harvard appendix, Argument essays, score them by using the essay rubrics and by hertzberg theory comparing your writing to the sample essays ETS provides at each score point . The rubrics for the Issue essay and the Argument essay are similar when it comes to the importance of harvard appendix, clarity of writing and adherence to standard English grammar, spelling, and punctuation; they only really differ when it comes to assessing the specifics of the issue or argument analyses. You can try using the rubric yourself on your own essays and determine where on the rubric your essay fits; alternatively, you can see if you can find a GRE buddy who is willing to grade you and give you feedback based on the rubric, since it’s sometimes easier to be objective about fashion, someone else’s work. While the rubrics are useful as guidelines for what to harvard appendix, include in your essays, however, it can be difficult to envision what a perfect scoring essay might look like from the laundry list of qualities alone. Fashion Profile! That’s why the best way to learn what makes a difference between different essay scores is studying examples of appendix, high-scoring essays, analyzing what they do well, and finding the differences between them and lower-scoring essays on the same topic . Flaming Youth! We do this analysis for you in harvard appendix, our articles on how to get a perfect 6 on the GRE Issue essay and Argument essay. The object of grading your essays is not to feel bad that you didn’t live up to the ideals of track, a perfect essay score but instead to zero in on your weak spots so you can improve. Appendix! Whether it’s disorganized writing, running out of time (and so not finishing your essay), insufficient analysis, or some other issue entirely, identify the main issues with your essay, then focus your practice on improving those areas.
unsheathed/used under CC BY-SA 2.0/resized and cropped from original. Ready to improve your GRE score by 7 points? We've written a guide about the jane religion top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of appendix, Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on jane the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel and fulfill their college and harvard appendix, grad school dreams. View all posts by Laura Staffaroni.
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Advertisement Analysis: Victoria#8217;s Secret. Audience—whom are you telling about the ad? The audience to whom this position paper is directed would be to those people who feel uncomfortable with harm perpetrated to the environment that do not realize that they are directly supporting harm to the environment by patronizing Victoria’s Secrets. Purpose—why are you telling them about how the harvard ad works? The purpose for hertzberg two factor informing people about the harvard appendix advertisement, as stated previously, is to inform people who do not realize that Victoria’s Secret’s is a great contributor to the environmental disaster of deforestation. Furthermore, it puts people “on the spot” and not able to feign ignorance by eliminating any prior claim to faux plausible denial. Context—where, when, and jane eyre religion, how are you addressing them? (Imagine them reading this paper) If there was a manner in which to address individuals it would be by presenting the essay within the context of harvard, a magazine article designed to raise public consciousness and awareness.
Thesis—what overall point are you trying to make? (Use it as an example for great marketing.) Please list the ad’s own audience, purpose, and appeals here. There are those people whose luxury items hide them from the stark realities of the world, a reality that they are contributing to harm while being able to the concept of the plausibly deny knowledge of the harm, so shocking them out of their plausible denial remains a major component of reversing the negative trends that they cause. Organization—what points are you going to make and in what order? Why did you choose that order? (i.e., why do you think this order will be most successful with your readers?) 1. To introduce the ad 2. Explain what the ad means. 3. Put a feeling of guilt and hypocrisy onto those who contribute to the negative aspects of Victoria’s Secret 4. Challenge those who acquire the catalogues to amend their ways. Rough Draft Victoria#8217;s Dirty Little Secret.
There are a number of ways that a message can be delivered. Unfortunately, a polite manner of speech is oftentimes ignored. Because of this, a more over the top and bombastic approach is utilized to grab people’s attention. While some people will perform such bombastic messages with little tact, there are those out there who are creative enough to present a clear message in an over the top manner that will shock people into confronting the truth of the message. Such is the harvard case with Forest Ethics’ campaign to awaken the public in regards to “Victoria’s Dirty Little Secret.” So what is “Victoria’s Dirty Little Secret?” Basically, the lingerie company Victoria’s Secrets publicizes its stock by 1936, way of a large catalogue that chronicles the multitude of clothing items that they offer for sale. Of course, the harvard catalogue is printed on paper, a great deal of paper, as there are literally tens of thousands of customer, catalogues printed every year. Since the production of paper requires the deforestation of rain forests, the purpose of Forest Ethics’ ad campaign is to raise public awareness by shocking the public with the true facts as to the devastation that the catalogue printing business is harvard appendix causing. Ultimately, there needs to Flaming be a question asked in regards to whether or not this is a “great” ad. To answer that question, one must provide a twofold answer. First, is the ad great on an aesthetic level?
Second, is the advertisement effective in bringing about the proper response that the appendix ad is supposed to bring. Onto the first part: the ad is an excellent ad because it is creative, shocking and effectively delivers an expository message. In other words, it is Essay 1920's very clear in harvard, what it seeks to present. If there was a negative to the ad, it would be that the ad is 1936 summer a bit too expository in its design, but similar ads targeting the harvard cigarette makers were quite effective in terms of changing public opinion about smoking, so perhaps an overly expository message is not as bad as it would seem. As for the second part, the effectiveness of the ad is contingent on the personal feelings of those who see the ad. In other words, there will be certain people who just don’t care about jane religion, deforestation. Oh well. There will be some people who will take the ad to heart and follow its directives, so to that degree, it can be a successful ad. To a certain degree, the effectiveness of the manner in which the harvard appendix ad advocates change rests on the concept political the ability of the ad to force those who see it to confront their (possible) hypocrisy. Harvard! That is to say, if a customer who has purchased a great deal of inventory from the concept of the, Victoria’s Secrets in an individual who espouses a platform of environmental advocacy, then the harvard individual must make a decision as to whether or not actually commit to making a change in terms of supporting a business that is an “enemy of the state” as far as environmental disasters go, or to reverse one’s purchasing decisions as a means of convincing the of the political power to appendix be at Victoria’s Secret to reverse their policies and, perhaps, expand online catalogue distribution as opposed to Essay Flaming Youth the traditional paper method.
Also, by publicly exposing the Victoria’s Secrets company, the ability for people to claim plausible denial about the deforestations the appendix company has been responsible for is greatly reduced if not outright eliminated. While the fashion profile advertisement is harvard appendix a bit excessive in the manner in jane eyre religion, which it presents its subject matter and thematic concerns, it is a creative ad that can help sway opinion and drive people to harvard action simply by presented a very bombastic message that is virtually impossible to Essay Economy: ignore. Final Draft Victoria#8217;s Dirty Little Secret. Harvard Appendix! There are a number of different methods in which a specific ideological message can be delivered. A manner of delivery that falls into the category of polite speech is, sadly often ignored. Because of this, bombastic, over the top approach is utilized to deliver the message. While certain individuals will present bombastic messages with no regard to tact, there are those who possess a faculty of creativity that allows them to present a clear message in an over profile the top manner that will shock people into confronting the truth of the message. Such is the case with Forest Ethics’ campaign to awaken the public in regards to “Victoria’s Dirty Little Secret.” So what is appendix “Victoria’s Dirty Little Secret?” Basically, the lingerie company Victoria’s Secrets publicized its inventory by track, way of a large print catalogue that itemizes the multitude of clothing items that they offer for harvard sale. Of course, the catalogue is printed on paper and there are literally tens of thousands of catalogues printed every year. Since the production of paper requires the deforestation of rain forests, the purpose of Forest Ethics’ ad campaign is to raise public awareness by shocking the public with the jane eyre religion true facts as to the devastation that the catalogue printing business is causing. Harvard! This places a great deal of onus on those individuals who patronize Victoria’s Secret in Essay on The Flaming, a manner which forces them to actualize their complicity in the horrors that deforestation can cause.
Ultimately, there needs to be a clear examination as to harvard appendix whether or not this is an effective ad campaign. In short, is the ad a “great” ad? To answer that question, one must provide a twofold answer. First, is the ad great on an aesthetic level and secondly, is the advertisement effective in bringing about the proper response that the ad is supposed to bring. Much of the ad is two factor theory effective in appendix, the way it parodies the classic 1970’s style sexist ads. It is effective in the way it throws those conventions out and takes what is supposed to be visually stimulating and turns it into a visual nightmare.
Granted, it is a bit over the top, but it still manages to be effective. The ad is creative, shocking and effectively delivers an expository message. In other words, it is very clear in what it seeks to fashion present. If there was a negative to the ad, it would be that the ad is a bit too expository in its design, but similar ads targeting the cigarette makers were quite effective in terms of changing public opinion about smoking, so perhaps an overly expository message is not as bad as it would seem. Harvard! As for the second part, the effectiveness of the ad is contingent on the personal feelings of those who see the ad. In other words, there will be certain people who put their personal purchasing freedoms above any political or environmental advocacy and Global Japan, have no real interest in the problems of harvard appendix, deforestation. Customer Profile! However, the ad will be successful if it reaches a decent segment of the population and is able to convert a portion or percentage of said demographic. To that degree, the ad can be extremely successful. To a certain degree, the effectiveness of the manner in which the ad advocates change rests on the ability of the ad to force those who see it to confront their (possible) hypocrisy. That is to say, if a customer who has purchased a great deal of harvard, inventory from Victoria’s Secrets is an individual who is sympathetic to hertzberg two factor of motivation a platform that endorses environmental advocacy, then the individual must make a decision as to whether or not actually commit to revoke support for a business that is an “enemy of the harvard state” as far as environmental disasters go, or to reverse one’s purchasing decisions as a means of convincing the power to be at jane, Victoria’s Secret to reverse their policies and, perhaps, expand online catalogue distribution as opposed to the traditional paper method.
Also, by harvard appendix, publicly exposing the eyre religion Victoria’s Secrets company the ability for consumers to claim plausible denial about the deforestations the company has been responsible for is greatly reduced if not outright eliminated. While the harvard appendix advertisement is a bit excessive in Economy:, the manner in which it presents its subject matter and thematic concerns, it is a creative ad that can help sway opinion and drive people to action simply by presented a very bombastic message that is virtually impossible to ignore.
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Essay on the High Courts of India. In this essay we will discuss about the high courts of harvard, India. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Jurisdictions of High Courts 2. Composition of the High Court 3. Salary and 1936 summer, Allowances of the appendix, Judges 4. Oath or Affirmation by Essay Flaming Youth 1920's, Judges of High Courts 5. Harvard. Powers and Functions of the High Courts 6. Kinds of Writs 7. Subordinate Courts in India. List of Essays on the High Courts of India. Essay on the Jurisdictions of High Courts Essay on the Composition of the hertzberg of motivation, High Court Essay on the Salary and Allowances of the Judges Essay on the Oath or Affirmation by appendix, Judges of customer profile, High Courts Essay on the Powers and Functions of High Courts Essay on the Kinds of Writs Essay on the Subordinate Courts in India.
1. Essay on the Jurisdictions of High Courts : Judiciary is an integral part of every federal system. It inspires confidence of the federating units on the one hand and harvard, the masses on two factor, the other. In India constitution has provided for an integrated judiciary. Under this system at the top is Supreme Court of India, which is the highest judicial authority in the land. Its decisions are applicable all over the country. Down below in each state is a High Court. But some High Courts have jurisdictions spread over more than one state. Harvard. High Courts have jurisdictions over their respective states, but appeals against the judgment of a High Court can lie with the Supreme Court, which can reverse any of Essay Global Economy: Japan, its decision. Still down below are District Courts, both civil and criminal. At present in India there are 18 High Courts. Jurisdiction of harvard, each High Court is as under:
Thus, it will be seen that Bombay High Court is the oldest High Court in India which was founded in 1861 followed by Allahabad High Court set up in 1866. Sikkim High Court established in 1975 is the youngest High Court in the country. Allahabad High Court has a branch at Lucknow whereas Bombay High Court has its branches at Nagpur and Panaji. Rajasthan High Court has its branch at of motivation, Jodhpur and Patna High Court at appendix, Ranchi. Madhya Pradesh High Court has its branches at of the, Gwalior and Indore whereas Gauhati High Court has set up its branches at Imphal and Agartala. 2. Essay on the Composition of the High Court : Under the constitution each state in India shall have a High Court which shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other Judges as the President from time to time deem it necessary to appoint. In other words number of Judges will be decided by the President which even now varies from harvard state to state depending upon the volume of the work. Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by the President of India in consultation with the of the political, Chief Justice of India, whereas he appoints other Judges in consultation with the concerned Governor and Chief Justice of the High Court and also Chief Justice of India. In actual practice, however, Chief Minister of the State concerned plays a very big role. He is always consulted and his views weigh with the appendix, central government while making such appointments. Gradually an impression is being created that appointment of Judges of High Court has become a political affair.
In case for on The Flaming 1920's, any reason if the office of the Chief Justice falls vacant the President can ask one of the judges of that court to look after the duties of Chief Justice. Any person can be appointed as Chief Justice of a State High Court provided he is an Indian citizen has for at appendix, least ten years held a judicial office in the territory of India or has for at least ten years been an advocate of Essay Flaming 1920's, a High Court or of two or more High Courts in harvard appendix, succession. By Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act it was provided that any person who in hertzberg, the opinion of the President was an eminent jurist could also be appointed as Judge of the High Court. But this was omitted by Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Act. He should be below the age of 62.
In case any dispute arises about the age of judge, the matter shall be referred to the President who shall decide it in consultation with the harvard, Chief Justice of India and his decision shall be final. In case the two factor, work of the appendix, High Court has gone in arrears or has temporarily increased, the President can appoint Additional Judges for a period not exceeding two years, from among those who possess qualifications prescribed for a High Court Judge. On The Of The 1920's. In extreme cases he can even appoint a retired judge as Additional Judge. A judge can remain in office till he has attained the age of 62 years but he can resign his office earlier if he so likes by writing under his hand a letter of resignation addressed to the President. He can also be removed provided an address has been presented to appendix the President by the Parliament supported by fashion profile, majority of the appendix, total membership of the House in which the eyre religion, motion of removal has been moved and by a majority of not less than two-third of harvard, that House present and hertzberg, voting has been presented to the President in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity. He shall also vacate his office when he is appointed by the President to be a judge of the Supreme Court or has been transferred to some other Court. 3. Essay on the Salary and harvard, Allowances of the Judges: It is provided that the judges of the High Court shall draw such salaries and allowances, as the Parliament may by law fix from time to time, but until otherwise fixed those shall be as follows: The Chief Justice Rs.9,000/- p.m. Any other Judge Rs.8,000/- p.m.
In addition they will also be entitled to receive such other allowances as are admissible to other senior employees of the government. It is also provided that during the period of his appointment, the emoluments of a judge shall not be varied to his disadvantage, except of course when emergency conditions have been declared in the country. Retired judges also get pension. It is provided that a retired judge cannot practice in Supreme Court or High Court of the state in summer olympics track, which he was a permanent judge. Harvard. In consultation with the Chief Justice of India, a judge of the High Court can be transferred from one court to the other in fashion customer, the Union Territory of India. When the appendix, office of the Chief Justice of a High Court falls vacant or when any such Chief Justice is, by theory of motivation, reason of harvard, absence or otherwise, unable to perform the duties of his office, the duties of of the, his office shall be performed by one of the other judges of the court, who may be appointed by the President, to perform such duties. As said earlier when the work in harvard appendix, the High Court has increased, in order to cope with the jane, increased volume of work, the harvard appendix, President may appoint any qualified person as temporary judge. But such an profile, appointment shall not exceed a period of 2 years.
Chief Justice of a High Court with the harvard appendix, prior consent of President, can request a retired judge of the High Court whether of his own or any other state to sit and act as a judge of the High Court of the state. Such a judge shall enjoy and be entitled to such allowances as the President may by order determine and have all the jurisdictions, powers and privileges as any other judge of the High Court. 4. Essay on the Oath or Affirmation by Judges of High Courts : Under the hertzberg theory of motivation, constitution every person appointed to be a judge of the High Court shall before he enters upon his office, make and subscribe before the Governor of the state, or before a person so appointed by him for the purpose an oath or affirmation in the following form: “I, A.B. having been appointed Chief Justice (or a judge of the High Court at) (or of)……………………….. do………………….. that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India, as by law established, that I will uphold sovereignty and integrity of harvard appendix, India, that I will truly and Essay on The Youth of the 1920's, faithfully and to the best of my ability, knowledge and judgment perform the duties of harvard appendix, my office without fear or favour, affection of customer profile, ill will and I will uphold the Constitution and law.” 5. Essay on the Powers and Functions of High Courts : One of the most essential features of Indian Judicial system is its impartiality. Harvard Appendix. In the constitution it has been provided that the Judges should act impartially.
For the purpose it is provided that salary and allowances of the judges are non-votable and thus conduct and behaviour of any individual judge cannot be discussed in the legislature. In case judiciary is adversely criticised unnecessarily, the presiding officer can forbid the member concerned not to proceed further. Similarly procedure for the removal of a judge has been made complex and difficult, so that he is not afraid of the executive. Similarly it is two factor also provided that salaries and allowances of the Judges cannot be changed to their disadvantage, after the appointment has been made. Harvard Appendix. Under Article 220 of the constitution it is provided that no person who has held office as a permanent judge of a High Court shall plead or act in any court or before any authority in India except the Supreme Court or High Court. This ban, however, applies only to on The Youth permanent judges and is not to Acting or Additional judges. Since High Courts in India were already in existence, before new constitution came into force, therefore, in the constitution it is provided that subject to such changes as may be made by different provisions of the constitution or otherwise by law, the powers of the harvard, judges of the High Courts shall be the same as immediately before the commencement of the constitution. Article 225 of the constitution had a proviso which said that, “Any restriction to which the exercise of original jurisdiction of any of the profile, High Courts with respect to any matter concerning the revenue or concerning any act ordered or any act done in harvard, the collection thereof was subject immediately before the commencement of this constitution shall no longer apply to the exercise of Global, such jurisdiction.” This provision of the constitution was omitted by Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act but was again restored and incorporated in the constitution with the passing of Forty- Fourth Constitution Amendment Act.
High Court of harvard appendix, a state is the highest judicial authority, whose decisions are binding over all citizens residing in the state. The High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta and eyre religion, Madras have both original as well as appellate powers, whereas other High Courts have only harvard appendix appellate powers. The Concept. Such powers extend both in civil as well as criminal cases. The High Courts are courts of record and have been authorised to issue directions, orders and writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari, etc., for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights of citizens or any other purpose. The powers conferred on High Court shall not be in derogation of the powers conferred on the Supreme Court, by the constitution. The Chief Justice of the High Court is appendix competent to on The appoint officers and servants of the High Court. He can lay down their conditions of service which, however, require the approval of the State Governor.
The jurisdictions of High Court can be extended by law of Parliament, which can curtail its powers as well. Act 226 of the constitution which deals with this provision was amended by Forty-Second and Forty-Third Constitution Amendment Acts. Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Act again amended this Article of the constitution, which is appendix now as follows: Power of the High Court to issue certain writs: (1) Not withstanding anything under Article 32, every High Court shall have power throughout the territory in relation to which it exercises jurisdictions, to Economy: issue to harvard appendix any person or authority, including in appropriate cases, any government, within these territories directions, orders or writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, and certiorari, or any one of them, for jane, the enforcement of harvard, any of the rights conferred by part III and for any other purpose; (2) To issue directions, orders or writs to a government, authority or person may also be exercised by any High Court exercising jurisdictions in relation to the territories within which the cause of actions, wholly or in part, arise for the exercise of such power, not withstanding that the seat of such government or authority or the residence of such person is not within those territories. (3) Where any party against whom an interim order whether by way of of the, injunction or stay or in harvard appendix, any other manner, is made on, or in any proceedings relating to, a petition under clause (1), without, (a) Furnishing to such party-copies of such petition and the concept of the, all documents in support of the plea for such interim order; (b) Giving such party an opportunity of being heard, makes an application to the High Court for the vacation of such order and furnishes a copy of such application to the party in whose favour such order has been made or the counsel of such party, the harvard, High Court shall dispose of the application within a period of two weeks from the date on which it is received or from the dale on which the copy of Essay Flaming Youth of the 1920's, such application is so furnished, whichever is later, or where the High Court is closed on appendix, the last day of that period before the expiry of the Essay on The Flaming 1920's, next day afterwards on which the High Court is open; and if the appendix, application is not so disposed of, the interim order shall, on the expiry of that period, or as the the concept of the, case may be, the expiry of said next day, stand vacated.” In this way the High Courts have been given back the power to issue writs and also to examine central laws, which had been taken away from them after the passing of appendix, constitution Forty-Second and Forty-Third Amendment Acts.
Before the commencement of constitution, in India only the High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras had the power to issue writs mentioned in the above said Article 226. But now all the courts have been given powers to customer profile issue these. The writs are also known as prerogative writs. In the harvard, case of Election Commission of India Vs. Saka Venkata Subba Rao, it was ruled that High Court had no power to on The Flaming 1920's issue a writ to appendix the Election Commission, which had its offices permanently located at New Delhi. All the High Courts have almost agreed that writs or directions under Article 226 should ordinarily not be issued where an alternative remedy, equally efficient and adequate exists, unless there is any exceptional reason for dealing with the matter under writ jurisdiction. The Supreme Court has held in the case of AB SK Sanga Vs. the Union of India 1981 that an association can maintain a writ petition for the redressal of common grievance. In Judges transfer case 1982, the Supreme Court has held that any member of the public having sufficient interest can approach the court for enforcing constitutional or legal proceedings where a specific legal injury has been caused to a determined group of Essay Economy:, persons when such group is unable to come before the harvard appendix, court because of poverty, disability, etc., and the court will decide about relief. Thus, the scope of Art. 226 has been sufficiently widened.
6. Essay on the Kinds of Writs : Certiorari may be described as an order issued by Essay on The of the, the High Court to an inferior court or body exercising what the High Court regards judicial or quasi-judicial function to have the appendix, decisions or acts of such courts or body removed to summer olympics track the High Court in order that its legality may be investigated. It is discretionary and is not issued merely because it is lawful to do so. It can be issued to a judicial or quasi-judicial body on the ground of want or excess jurisdiction, violation of procedure or dis-regard of principles of natural justice or error of law apparent on the face of the record. As regards writ of appendix, prohibition it is a type of a writ which commands the court or tribunal to whom it is issued to refrain from doing something which it is eyre religion about to do or to assume jurisdictions which it does not possess. In other words such a writ lies both for excess of jurisdictions as well as absence of jurisdiction. While differentiating between the two writs, Shukla says, “When an inferior court, takes up for hearing a matter over harvard appendix, which it has no jurisdiction, the person against whom the Global Japan, proceedings are taken can move the superior court for harvard, a writ of prohibition, and on that, an order will issue prohibiting the inferior court from continuing the proceedings. On the other hand, if the court hears that case or matter and gives a decision, the party aggrieved will have to move the superior court for a writ of certiorari, and on the concept, that, an appendix, order will be made quashing the decision on the ground or want of jurisdiction.”
A writ of mandamus is issued only when there is equally no other efficient remedy. Essay Youth. It is issued by the superior court, in harvard appendix, the form of an order, to any government, corporation, court, etc., to do or forebear from doing some specific act which that body is obliged to do or refrain from doing, as the case may be, and which is in the nature of a public duty and in of the political, certain cases of statutory duty. No mandamus will lie where the duty is of discretionary nature. It is issued to prevent the government from enforcing an unconstitutional act or notification. Writ of Quo warranto is issued to prevent a person who has wrongfully usurped an office from appendix continuing in that office. It calls upon the holder of the summer olympics, office to show to harvard the court under what authority he holds the office. Before a citizen can claim this type of writ he must satisfy the court that the two factor theory of motivation, office in question is a public office.
It will not lie in harvard appendix, respect of an office of two factor of motivation, private nature and should be of substantive nature. Writ of Corpus is very important. It is a process by which a person who is harvard confined without legal justification may secure a release from Japan his confinement. By this writ the High Court can order a person, who has kept in custody another person to bring the latter before the court and let it know on what grounds the appendix, prisoner is confined. A person is not entitled to be released on the petition of habeas corpus if there is political no illegal restraint.
Physical confinement is not necessarily to appendix constitute detention. Control and custody are sufficient. Appeals from lower courts can lie in on The Flaming of the 1920's, the High Court, both in appendix, civil and criminal matters, if the court is satisfied that some substantial question of law or interpretation of the constitution is involved or if any court below it has acted without or in excess of its jurisdiction or there has been some error of law. If the High Court feels it necessary, it can withdraw some case pending before it and decide that and then return the lower court with a copy of the judgment to enable that court to proceed further in accordance with the judgment. Article 227 of the constitution provides that, High Courts have power of superintendence over all other courts and tribunals throughout the state. It can call for returns from such courts and make and issue general rules and prescribe forms for regulating the practice and proceedings of such courts. It is also empowered to prescribe forms in fashion customer, which books, entries and accounts have been kept. This power which has been given to the High Courts is both of an administrative as w ell as judicial nature. The High Courts, if need be, can interfere with the appendix, administrative orders of inferior courts. Youth Of The. Such an interference can be for want of excess jurisdiction, failure to exercise jurisdiction violation of procedure, disregard of the principle of natural justice and error of law apparent on the face of record.
Such a superintendence also extends over tribunals which are not courts in the strict sense of the term. In the case of B.N. Banerjee and P.R. Mukerji the harvard, Supreme Court has held that “Unless there was grave miscarriage of justice or flagrant violation of law the High Court could not interfere. The power should not ordinarily be exercised if some alternative remedy is available. However, existence of alternative remedy is no bar if alternative remedy is not effective or speedy.” This Article too was amended by Forty-Second and 1936 track, Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Acts. This Article of the constitution, as originally stood was: “(1) Every High Court shall have superintendence over all court* and tribunals throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdictions.” This was substituted by Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act. It provided that: “Every High Court shall have superintendence over all courts subject to harvard appendix appellate jurisdictions.”
It also inserted a new sub-clause in 1936 summer, this Article which read as follows: (5) Nothing in this Article shall be construed as giving to High Court any jurisdiction to question any judgment of any inferior courts which is not otherwise subject to appeal or revision. Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Act, however, brought back the status quo and nullified the changes introduced by Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act. Similarly Article 228 of the constitution which empowered the High Courts to withdraw cases from the subordinate courts was also amended. The Article as it stood before amendment provided: “If the High Court is satisfied that a case pending in a court subordinate to it involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of harvard appendix, this constitution the determination of which is necessary for the disposal of the case, it shall withdraw the case and may… Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act omitted the words in italics and provided instead that. “It shall withdraw the case and subject to the provisions of Article 131 A, may.”…. shall be substituted. In other words by this provision, Article (131 A) imposed restrictions on hertzberg of motivation, the High Courts. Forty-Third Constitution Amendment Act, however, nullified this amendment and harvard, restriction of on The Youth of the, Article 131A was removed from the appendix, courts. This Forty-Second Amendment Act of the constitution added a new Article (228A) in it. 228 A: Special provision relating to constitutional validity of the concept, state laws: (1) No High Court shall have jurisdiction to declare any central law to be constitutionally invalid; (2) Subject to harvard appendix the provisions of Article 131A, the High Court may determine all questions relating to constitutional validity of any state law; (3) The minimum number of judges who shall sit for the purpose of determining any question as to the constitutional validity of any state law shall be five; provided that where the High Courts consist of hertzberg theory of motivation, less than five judges, all the judges of the High Court may sit and appendix, determine such questions.
(4) A state law shall not be declared to be constitutionally invalid by the High Court unless. (a) Where the High Court consists of five judges or more, not less than two-third of the judges sitting for the purpose of fashion, determining the validity of such law, hold it to be constitutionally invalid, and. (b) Where the High Court consists of less than five judges, all the judges of the High Court sitting for the purpose hold it to be constitutionally invalid. (5) The provisions of this Article shall have effect not withstanding anything contained in this part. In computing the number of harvard appendix, judges of a High Court for Essay Youth 1920's, the purpose of this Article, a judge who is disqualified by reason of appendix, personal or pecuniary bias shall be excluded. Forty-Third Constitution Amendment Act also omitted this and the concept of the political, thus powers of the High Courts which had been much reduced were given back to them. As a court of record High Court has power to punish those who are adjudged guilty of harvard, contempt of court. All its decisions are binding and cannot be questioned in any lower court. The constitution has empowered Chief Justice to profile appoint officers and servants of High Court, whose conditions of service are also to be decided by him with the appendix, approval of the Governor. Parliament by law can extend jurisdictions of a High Court to, or exclude the jurisdictions of jane eyre, a High Court, to any Union Territory.
High Courts in India have been given full freedom and independence in imparting justice to the people and ensure that executive and legislature shall in no way interfere in day-to-day life of the people. During emergency period of 19 months along with Supreme Court some powers of the High Courts were taken away and many such powers were restored with the passing of Forty-Third and Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Acts. During this period of 19 months some excesses were alleged to have been committed and for this Janata party which came to harvard appendix power in 1977, set up some Commissions of track, Enquiry and Specials Courts. When proceedings were going on Janata party, was defeated and Congress (I) came to power. In many cases the courts allowed the harvard, government to withdraw the cases, while in many other cases the decisions went in favour of the accused. This left an impression on the minds of the two factor theory, people, that the courts were deciding cases in changed climate and not on the merits of the appendix, case. According to theory them the courts in India have started deciding cases after sensing political climate.
On the other hand, there are others who argue that the courts are to decide the case on the basis of harvard, documents and evidences made available to them. In case the government decides not to pursue a case and not to come forward with relevant documents and evidences, there is no other alternative for the court but to drop the case pending before it. Of course under the constitution the High Courts are linked with states but in actual practice these too are very much linked with the Centre. The Judges of the High Court and Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by 1936 summer track, the President. He can transfer a judge or Chief Justice of State from one state to the other. Harvard. He can decide dispute about Essay Economy: Japan retirement age of the judges and also promote them as judge of the Supreme Court. He can remove a judge of the High Court after an address has been presented to him by the Parliament. Then the President can create a new High Court, thereby reduce the jurisdictions of some existing High Court. During financial emergency the Parliament can reduce or increase the salaries and allowances of appendix, judges of the High Court. Thus though States are linked with High Courts, yet in actual practice these are very much linked with the Centre as well. For some time judges were not transferred from one High Court to the other but during 1975 emergency period the judges began to transferred from one High Court to the other.
In 1977, in the case of Union of summer, India Vs. Justice Sankalachand, the Supreme Court held that a judge of the High Court could be transferred from one High Court to the other without his consent. In this case the Supreme Court asserted that the power to transfer a judge is conferred on the President in the public interest and not for the purpose of providing the executive with the weapon to harvard punish a judge for any reason whatever. It also made it clear that it was absolutely obligatory on the President to consult Chief Justice of India before transferring a judge from one High Court to fashion profile another and that this consultation must be effective one. In another case on 30th December, 1981 Supreme Court made it clear that a High Court judge may be transferred from one state to appendix another without obtaining his consent, the only requirement being that there must be effective consultation and that the transfer must be in public interest and not by way of punishment.
On October 7, 1993 in Essay Flaming Youth of the, the case of S.C. Advocate on Record Vs. the Union of appendix, India the Court held that in case of transfer of judges of High Courts the the concept political, opinion of the Chief Justice of India has not the primacy but is determinative in the matter and that the consent of the transferred judge is not required. It also said that before making such a transfer it was obligatory for the President to consult the Chief Justice of India. When Janata government came to power it reversed the policy of transferring judges from one state to the other. Harvard Appendix. It felt that such transfers injected politics in justice and judiciary. In 1980 when Congress (I) came to power it again followed the old policy of transferring judges from one state to the other. Its argument was that judges from outside the state are more impartial in of the, their judicial pronouncements than those from within. National Front government of V.P. Singh however, was not in favour of transfer of High Court Judges from one state to harvard appendix the other, but judges are now being frequently followed from religion one state to the other without any difficulty. 7. Essay on the Subordinate Courts in India: A chapter of the constitution deals with subordinate courts, because these are an integral part of Indian judicial system.
There is hardly any other constitution of the world, which discusses at such a great length the composition and detailed working of subordinate courts. It is provided in the constitution that appointment of harvard appendix, judges, their postings and promotion at district level, in any state, shall be made by the Governor of the state, in consultation with the High Court, in whose jurisdiction such a court falls. It is provided that any person who is jane not already in the service of state or Union shall be eligible to be appointed as District Judge provided, he has been an advocate or pleader for not less than seven years and harvard appendix, has been recommended by the High Court for appointment. Jane Religion. But judges, other than District Judges, are appointed by the Governor in accordance with the High Court and State Public Service Commission. It is the duty and responsibility of High Courts to harvard exercise control and supervision over fashion customer, the subordinate and harvard appendix, district courts; in matters of leave, postings, promotion and transfers and also over the personnel belonging to state judicial service. For judicial purposes each state is divided into several districts. Even each district is headed by a District Magistrate. In each district there are civil, criminal and revenue courts. At the district level, the highest civil court is district court, which is headed by a District Magistrate.
He supervises the the concept, working of civil courts and has both original as well as appellate powers. Appeals against his decisions can be taken to the High Court of the state. It also deals with cases dealing with marriage, divorce and guardianship. Appendix. Below this court are courts of on The Flaming, Senior Sub-Judges, Courts of Sub-Judges, and small causes courts, which are all in hierarchal order. The last mentioned courts are also known as Munsifaˆ™s courts and are established in big cities to dispose of cases in which small sums of Rs.500/- are involved. Then there are sub-judge courts which deal with cases in which amount involved does not exceed Rs.5,000/-, whereas in Senior Sub-Judge Courts a case can be filed which involves any amount. All these courts have original jurisdictions. Decisions of harvard appendix, these courts can be challenged in the District Courts. Criminal courts are organised in a hierarchal order.
Court of Session Judge is at the top and is empowered to try all criminal cases involving murder and other serious offences duly committed to it by a First Class Magistrate. It can award even death penalty, but such a penalty must be confirmed by the State High Court. Below this are First Class, Second Class and Third Class Magistrate Courts. Third Class Magistrate Court deals with minor offences. It can give punishments up to Rs.50/- and sentence a person up to one month, where as a Second Class Magistrate can impose a fine up to Rs.200/- and put a person behind bars for a period of six months.
Both these courts cannot hear appeals, whereas a First Class Magistrate can hear appeals against the decisions of both these courts and can impose a fine up to Rs. 1000/- and award imprisonment up to two years. Land revenue is one of the Essay on The 1920's, important sources of state income. Appendix. Cases dealing with land revenue are usually very complicated. For the recovery of summer, land revenue and appendix, dealing with other revenue cases, separate revenue courts have been set up. At the lowest level are Tehsildar courts. Appeals against the decisions of these courts lie in District Magistrate’s courts or courts of Deputy Commissioner. Above Deputy Commissioner court is Commissioner’s Court.
In revenue cases final court of Global Economy:, appeal is harvard appendix Board of Revenue. Thus, in fashion customer profile, India judicial system is in hierarchal order. Under the Directive Principles of harvard, State Policy the slate has been directed to take steps for the separation of the executive from the judiciary. In some of the states this step has already been taken and executive has been separated from judiciary. These include Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka and West Bengal. Evaluation of Subordinate Courts: Subordinate Courts in India have been criticised for delays in decision making and wide spread corruption. It is the concept political also said that in these courts there is lot of accumulation of arrears and no uniformity in harvard, decision making. Essay On The. But in a vast country like India, where justice is based on evidences and papers, such delays and variations are bound to occur. Moreover due to wide spread illiteracy, continuance of some of the outdated laws, large number of courts and tendency of the people to get their disputes settled in the courts of law, has resulted in harvard, accumulation of large number of cases at every level.
It is also alleged that in India judicial system is very costly and the poor cannot hope to get justice. The laws are so vague that India’s legal system has been called as lawyer’s paradise. It is also said that judges in India are idealist and not realist and they do not face hard realities of life, in many cases, while giving justice. Still another criticism advanced against jane eyre judiciary is appendix that these days it is showing a tendency towards bowing to political pressures. In a seminar organised by United Lawyer’s Association on the concept, August 12, 1980, at Indian Law Institute, New Delhi both Justices H.R. Harvard Appendix. Khanna and hertzberg two factor of motivation, V.R. Krishna Iyer strongly pleaded that in case judiciary is to function impartially it is essential that conditions of lower courts and service conditions of judges of these courts should be radically improved.
It was suggested that the judges in these courts should be provided residential accommodation and free transport. Their emoluments should be raised and buildings and environments in which they are required to work should be made congenial and appendix, their working conditions drastically improved. But so far nothing very far reaching has been done to improve the lower courts to 1936 summer track check prevailing corruption there and to ensure that the cases are speedily disposed of. The judges in these courts have several grudges. According to them they are low paid with poor working and service conditions.
They are under pressure from appendix all quarters and with the passing of time pressure from political and bureaucratic bosses is very much increasing.
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Nov 17, 2017 Harvard appendix,
Can iWork on the iPad really compare to a Mac? Apple's iPad is vastly different than a Mac running OS X, so how does its office productivity suite compare when used on both of these platforms? Apple offers versions of its iWork suite (Pages, Keynote, Numbers) for both the Mac OS and harvard, iOS platforms, and given that the new school year is right around the corner, students might be weighing the options for creating and managing projects using either iPads or Macs. While having been a fan of Apple's iWork suite in OS X since its debut and Essay Global Economy: Japan, enjoy having the apps available for other platforms, I have been somewhat skeptical of using the harvard, iPad or iPhone to write a full report, a formatted resume, or managing calculations in 1936 olympics, a spreadsheet. Being a touch-only device, I've considered the iPad in large part as a viewing tool where you can look up information and browse through it, rather than buckling down and creating intricate and detailed content, especially with regard to office-related tasks. While Apple's touch-based input panels in iOS have made entering strings of appendix text relatively easy, and along with gestures it provides a unique approach to drawing and arranging objects in applications, the question does arise as to whether this approach is jane eyre, adequate for more-detailed work such as word processing, presentations, and harvard, spreadsheets. Overall the differences between Pages, Numbers, and Keynote on fashion both platforms is in the capabilities of the two platforms, and herein lies the harvard, main determination of jane eyre what will suit the appendix, end user's needs.
When using iWork on the iPad, for the most part the iOS' limitations are a bit of theory a drawback when it comes to harvard, many office-related tasks, but Apple does make the best of these and offers at least usable approaches. While it is easy to simply focus on the individual program when looking at word-processing and spreadsheet management, the computing environment as a whole does play a very important role, and there are three significant drawbacks to political, the iOS platform for these purposes. Many times when composing documents you may have other programs open that you need to quickly reference, so multitasking capabilities are almost a requirement, and here is where iOS hits its first major hurdle. Since iOS apps are full-screen, you cannot have a Web browser and appendix, file browser open on the same screen to help organize ideas and content with the immediacy of a simple glance. You also cannot have multiple documents open in the same iWork application, so when putting together complex ideas you must constantly switch from Essay Global Economy:, one full-screen view to harvard, the next, and this can be a bit tiresome. iOS does offer multiple keyboards for access to different characters, but it would be nice to have these and other characters more readily available. Screenshot by Topher Kessler/CNET. The second limitation is input options. These days people are quite proficient at touch-typing, and Apple provides full keyboard layouts and split layouts that may be comfortable for some and Global Japan, will largely suffice for entering text; however, there are two missing features that do affect office-related tasks: quick cursor management and access to special characters.
In word processing, people often need to quickly select parts of words, full words, whole lines, or paragraphs, or precisely place their cursors within these areas to make appropriate edits. While Apple's touch-based inputs can do this, it takes extra steps to tap-select items, and then drag the harvard, selection limits, and these options pale in comparison to the precision and speed of either a mouse or primarily arrow keys combined with modifiers (Shift, Command, Control, etc.). One way for Apple to implement this would be to have an additional input panel containing arrow and modifier buttons to allow quick cursor management for selecting and moving items, but this is currently not available. With regard to special characters, while the iOS key trays provide access to most language-specific characters, it does not have default easy access to special characters including, for instance, a degree symbol and math symbols, among others. 1936! Unicode fonts offer a plethora of math, currency, arrow, music, and harvard, other technical symbols that can be exceptionally useful in word processing. While these are available in OS X using the two factor, system-wide Character Viewer panel, this option is limited in iOS. You can add new international keyboards in the iOS preferences that may include some of these desired characters, but this is not the same as a full character palette and also sometimes requires activating multiple keyboards to harvard appendix, have the desired characters. The last hurdle in jane eyre, iOS is its document management options.
Apple's integration of iCloud makes synchronization of harvard appendix changes between devices a breeze; however, whether you use iCloud or store documents locally, Apple allows you to only organize documents in folders that are one level deep. If you are managing a few documents then this organization can be useful, but in environments like schools where one might have multiple classes each with different projects, the inability to create subfolders for these projects might result in a bit of a cluttered organization. I contacted Apple regarding some of these limitations asking for alternative approaches and wondering about the potential for improving them, but Apple understandably could not comment on future directions of the program. Despite these inherent limitations to the iOS platform, Apple has found ways to make Pages, Keynote, and Numbers on iOS be useful and in some cases meet or even surpass the capabilities of their Mac counterparts. Pages in iOS is best described as an enhanced version of jane TextEdit for OS X. Harvard Appendix! It offers a simple approach to the page layout and fashion customer, quick options for adjusting the font, font size, text style, justification, and indentations. As with other iWork on iOS programs, Pages has object management buttons at the top-right of the program where you can access formatting details for text like lists, styles, and columns.
These options are also contextual, so if you select an image it will provide details like rotation, shadows, and outlines. As a result, when managing the visual aspects of a Pages document, the iPad is a nice tool to have; however, the lack of a direct cursor management option like arrow keys means text management itself is not as fast as can be done on a Mac. With practice you can get relatively speedy at selecting and moving text around, but for those used to a keyboard, the arrow keys and combinations of appendix modifiers such as the Shift, Command, and Option keys are invaluable options when organizing ideas and document structure. Overall, while Pages on iOS is fun and can be used with iCloud to view and on The Youth of the, add basic edits to Pages documents created elsewhere, for true word-processing speed and appendix, detailed text organization, your best bet is to primarily use Pages on the Mac OS. When it comes to making presentations, unlike Pages where the iOS input options can be a burden to the workflow, presentation creation may benefit from the touch-based input. Essay Economy: Japan! Even though as with Pages the lack of harvard appendix arrow key inputs makes managing text and aligning objects a bit harder to do, one thing it does do is dissuade people from resorting to presentations of endless bullet points. The touch-based input almost encourages you to make more-visual presentations by drawing objects and Essay Youth, arranging graphs and appendix, pictures instead of resorting to of the, text fields. One issue with Keynote that is more of harvard a desired enhancement than a drawback is its lack of ability to 1936, control or run presentations on a nearby Mac, and instead requires you to either connect the iPad to an AirPlay device, use a video adapter, or transfer the presentation to a Mac that is attached to a projector. Harvard! Unfortunately in many cases, the latter is the only available option (especially in schools), and having a Bonjour-like feature where Keynote on iOS could detect a Mac running Keynote and then request to use it for running a presentation (similar to how one can request Screen Sharing in political, iChat or Messages), would make the iPad far more useful for harvard running presentations rather than simply creating them. Overall Keynote in iOS can be used to create rich presentations that are on par with those made in OS X. While the lack of multitasking prevents the jane eyre, use of appendix some shortcuts like drag and drop, the fashion customer profile, program can be used very well either independently or in conjunction with Keynote on the Mac OS to harvard appendix, make well-done presentations. The main benefit it brings to the table is the touch-based input opening doors to making richer and more attractive presentations rather than just typing in text.
The last program in the iWork suite is jane religion, Numbers, and harvard appendix, while the previous two programs either worked well or had some limitations with the eyre religion, touch-based input, Numbers on iOS came as a surprise in that it was an amazing program to use on the iPad. Spreadsheets for the most part do not require much (if any) text management and instead content is managed through selecting cells, entering data, and harvard, managing formulas. For these purposes the touch-based input in olympics, iOS seemed to excel and appendix, truly fit the customer, workflow. Data in spreadsheets is inherently object-based, either as whole tables or as individual cells within them, and as such most tasks for harvard spreadsheets are inherently built around selecting these objects and apply changes to them. Flaming Youth 1920's! In Numbers, creating a table is as easy as tapping a button and then resizing it accordingly, and then double-tapping a cell brings up a unique entry panel, which, like a fancy calculator, offers options for entering data as text, time, general numbers, or as functions. From this panel, entering text or assembling the desired calculations by tapping and dragging is exceptionally simple, intuitive, and fits the classic paradigm of harvard appendix using a spreadsheet.
Oddly, unlike Pages and Keynote, Apple's inclusion of this unique input panel is what makes Numbers flow so nicely. Had Apple relied solely on eyre religion the standard input panels as it does for Pages and Keynote then managing data entry in the spreadsheets would be as cumbersome as managing text. However, this panel offers quick access to harvard appendix, the functions needed to manage data in the spreadsheet. Two of the options in this panel are a couple of Next buttons that move the hertzberg two factor of motivation, spreadsheet cell focus to the right or down to a new line, very similar to what arrow key inputs in iOS might provide, and outline how well Pages, Keynote, and perhaps iOS in general would benefit from them. The Forms feature in harvard appendix, Numbers for iOS is Essay 1920's, especially useful, and can easily interface with most tables to supply a quick way to enter data in your spreadsheet. Unfortunately this feature is not supported in harvard, OS X. Screenshot by on The Youth of the 1920's Topher Kessler/CNET.
Even though creating tables and entering data is simple and straightforward, Numbers for harvard iOS does have one feature that stands out in fashion profile, its utility: its entry forms for managing spreadsheet data. People often use spreadsheets to manage database-like information such as a row representing a person and columns detailing aspects about that person such as name, age, height, gender, and other items. While you can enter this data in the standard spreadsheet view, this approach can be a bit of harvard a burden. To tackle this, Apple has introduced a new Forms view where you can select a table and political, create a quick entry form for it that appears in a separate sheet tab and contains fields for the various columns in your table. Using Forms, you can essentially turn Numbers for iOS into harvard, a simple database and Essay of the, greatly facilitate data entry into your spreadsheet. Unfortunately, even though this feature is quite nice to have, it is not currently supported in harvard, Numbers for OS X. Therefore, if you share your Numbers document or synchronize it using iCloud to a Mac, opening it will strip away the form from the document. While this will not result in lost data, and while it is easy enough to re-create the the concept of the political, form and continue your data entry, this may be frustrating to deal with if you use both platforms. Despite this one drawback when used with Numbers for OS X, Numbers for iOS is a great option and really suites the touch-based input of the harvard, iPad.
It also demonstrates how both Pages and Keynote would benefit from hertzberg theory of motivation, more unique input panels that are tweaked for word processing rather than simply entering lines of text. The decision for which of Apple's iWork offerings are best comes down to determining which computing environment suits you best. Appendix! Each program on its respective platform will open the others' documents and the overall capabilities of each are quite similar, so the main difference lies in which input and multitasking approach is best for you. In my opinion, there is room for improvement for profile text management in iOS, and the platform's lack of multidocument views on the same screen can be a frustration for true office work, but despite these details, the harvard appendix, iWork suite on iOS at jane religion least complements iWork in OS X. Ultimately, even though iOS has its drawbacks, Pages will give you a means for appendix viewing your work on the go and creating basic edits, but is limited by the concept political iOS' approach to multitasking. Likewise, Keynote will allow you to work on existing presentations made on a Mac, or create new ones, and while it also would benefit from enhanced text management features, it inherently encourages a more visual approach to presentations. These two programs will have their places in harvard, various work environments, but the real star in 1936 olympics track, the suite is harvard, Numbers, which has the potential to be exceptionally useful for entering data and performing calculations on it in a variety of different situations. Pages, Keynote, and Numbers can be purchased for $19.99 each from the Mac App Store in OS X, or for the concept of the $9.99 each in the App Store on iOS devices. Questions? Comments? Have a fix?
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