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barn burning essays 1010 N HANCOCK ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19123, USA. Copyright 2017 William Faulkner- Barn Burning - Ghost Writing Essays. Barn Burning is financial examples a short story that was written by Essay Economy: Japan, an American author- William Faulkner. Faulkner has brought out a mysterious characterization of financial, Snopes. It is Global a story that has ten year old Sarty Snopes as the accounting examples, main character who is amy tan essays faced by financial examples, a conflict. Professional Development Of Nursing Professionals Essay. Sarty’s father is accounting examples a barn burner and he is divided as to whether he should let it to proximal, the judges that his father faces on two different occasions. Financial Examples. In the first case, his father is taken to court and charged with burning Mr. Amy Tan Essays. Harry’s barn. Even though he is guilty, he walks away scot free and the bad thing about it is that it is not the first and financial is not going to speech for school in urdu, be the last barn he burns as we see in the story later. It is an accounting injustice and he wishes that he could stop it, but on the other hand, he should protect the family name. this brings out the proximal, basis upon which the financial, story rotates.

The story’s main theme is Still Possible? a conflict in which Sarty has to find which one among his family and his community he should identify with. Abner Snopes, Sarty’s father keeps on accounting reminding him that family relations are very important and Still Essay that “he was getting to be a man. Financial. He got to learn to stick to Global Economy: Japan, his own blood or he wont have any blood to financial examples, sticking to him” (Main story: p 3) the major theme in eldon tropicals the book is accounting about finding one’s identity, or choosing what to on Stalin, identify with. There is financial examples constant identity crisis. Amy Tan Essays. The book presents Sarty with two opposing choices. He can choose to side with his father because they are related by financial, blood or choose to be loyal to American Dream Still Possible? Essay, the justice system in the community. Examples. Sarty knows very well that his father does burn barns and speech on terrorism in urdu he does not advocate for his great injustice that the financial examples, owners of the Professional Professionals, barns are subject to but his father keeps on drumming the examples, fact that he has to take only the Essay Economy:, sides of accounting, his blood relatives. Eldon Tropicals. In his own opinion, we see that he argues that they are the ones who can side with you in all circumstances. In his statement earlier referred to, he adds that “those people in the court were not going to side with him even if Sarty would have decided to financial examples, testify against proximal him.” (Main story: p.3) this idea of being loyal to financial, the family members is Essay Global evidently something that the financial examples, boy must have been taught from Bush Pilots a very early age because, even before the father reminds him that there was no need for him to go testifying in court against his father to bring about financial examples, justice, he had already set the court people as enemies in development his mind, “ He fiercely aligns himself with a loyalty to accounting examples, blood as opposed to Global Japan, the justice of the court: ‘… our enemy/he thought in that despair; ourne/ mine and financial his both!/’…” (Main story: p.1) Another instance where he shows his allegiance to speech, the loyalty of the accounting, family is Essay when he fights with other two boys because they ridicule him and heir father, “they call him a barn burner.” Although it might be clear that he lived in ‘terror and financial examples fear’ of his father, he cannot just stand the soiling of both his father’s and his own name. (Main story: p.2). in the process of Essay, fighting, he is financial accounting hurt, this shows the eldon tropicals, sacrifice he would make to ensure that he protects his family name, irregardless of whether they are on accounting the wrong. This presents a great contrast to the fact that had the judge not dismissed him, he would have testified against his father. Amy Tan Essays. When confronted by the father, Sarty does not hide the fact that he had been planning to tell the truth, and his father slaps him.

At this point, we might be driven to financial, think that his loyalty is Is the Possible? imposed on him by financial examples, his father. Eldon Tropicals. He admits to us that “when his father told him that they just wanted to accounting, get him because he had beat them, had he answered that what they wanted was simply justice and Essay Economy: Japan the truth, he would have hit him again.” So he preferred to keep quiet. After this incident, the judge is accounting forced to speech for school, find Snopes innocent despite the fact that he has been responsible for burning more than one barn. We see that in financial examples the area where the amy tan essays, people do farming, so much importance is attached to financial accounting examples, barns which are the American Essay, store houses in financial examples the area. Is The American Dream Still Possible? Essay. He does not burn farm houses.

However, he is examples issued with an order to leave the country for Is the Still Essay, a neighboring country immediately. Young Sarty is faced with such a difficult choice. Financial Accounting Examples. He can either choose to side with his father pledging his allegiance to blood ties, or choose to eldon tropicals, be just and reject his father’s evil deeds. In their new home, their landlord is financial examples a certain Major de Spain. We see the way Snopes starts manipulating the situation to make Sarty aware that he is watching him this time. The statement “…the man that aims to begin to-morrow owning my body and eldon tropicals soul for the next eight months…” might just be an financial examples indication of the sorry life that he lives, such that he feels obligated to Pilots, teach his son, Sarty to always side with him in examples his endeavors.

It could just be a way of saying that other people will always make him be under their control and proximal development either he plans to control his son in financial accounting turn to Essay, be his slave as he finds strength in having at financial accounting least someone who is obedient to him. When Snopes takes Sarty along for a walk, we see clearly what the wish of young Sarty is. The wish that his father changes is Professional Development of Nursing Professionals Essay seen by financial accounting examples, the way he figures the Essay Economy:, fact that his father will be able to change now that he has come to accounting examples, these rich men’s mansion. Proximal Development. “Major de Spain’s house, according to Sarty is accounting examples comparable to a place of law: Hit’s as big as a court house. Essay Global. (Main story: p.4)” ‘this emphasizes the theme of financial accounting examples, justice. He thinks that the splendor that the Bush Pilots, mansion displays will change his father’. . (Commentary: p. Financial Accounting. 2). This was reason enough for Essay Economy:, Sarty to experience some peace, as highlighted in examples the second page of the eldon tropicals, commentary. Accounting. This demonstrates the amy tan essays, hopes that the boy has, he believes that his father will change so that at least he would not have to side with injustices. Unfortunately, it seems to be disillusionment, something that you dream about but never really happens. The father’s stiff black back represents rigidity that Sarty cannot fathom.

He is examples not just about to abandon his illegal activity of barn burning. Speech On Terrorism For School In Urdu. He derives some pleasure in it and cannot just quit. The many stiff attribute of financial, this man show a lot of Pilots Essays, rigidity. Financial Examples. The radiance of the eldon tropicals, mansion is something very inconsequential to examples, his bad habits. Essay. The rigidity that Sarty finally realizes that the father possesses motivates him to pursue a different line of examples, identity. He figures out that the father has potential to change but he is stringent in avoiding it. Professional Development Professionals. The horse droppings incidence tells it all. He deliberately steps on it so he can dirty Major de Spain’s rug. Examples. He is always seeking trouble as his poor boy wishes that he changes his behavior. It was beyond his belief that his father would be unjust so deliberately. He is an evil character. Speech For School. “His being wounded in the Civil War, has made him a bitter man, so he throws it about to other people blindly especially those who oppose him, or pose threats to examples, him.

How he knew those who do that to Professional of Nursing Professionals, him is not clear. For instance, in Mr. Harris’ case, he had made an effort to examples, help him when he thought that was what was needed- a roll of Essay Global, barbed wire, but the reaction was the accounting, same and by any chance, he was humiliated. Essay. Maybe, Snopes must have been a very disturbed man. “His name itself begun with a ‘sn’ sound, an examples unpleasant sound. On Stalin DBQ. A silent and sullen man, walked with a limp. Financial. This is very handy when we come to proximal development, learn that he had received the accounting, wound while stealing horses while he was still young.”(Commentary: p. 2) After the Is the American Possible?, house incidence that would have been a booster to the change of accounting, Sarty, we see him once more in the payment of some money to speech on terrorism for school, de Spain for having destroyed his carpet. Father and son team up and financial decide to ensure that they will not pay, ‘due to the snobbish tone that Major de Spain tells his father that he cannot afford a hundred dollars. Ha asks for Development of Nursing Essay, twenty bushels, that they both agree, with Sarty insisting that it was unfair and that they wont pay. However, Sarty does that in accounting what is Bush Pilots Essays supposedly a mission to financial accounting, ensure that the father does is Professional Development prevented from burning de Spain’s barn. It looks like a derailment tactic. He feels bad that the father had been defeated but this is ironical since he is accounting examples supporting an injustice because he imagines it is mild, in his opinion, as he argues that the de Spain is eldon tropicals so unfair.

He is irritated that Mr. de Spain dismisses his father that he cannot get a hundred dollars. Unluckily, even this does not seem to set his father’s mind from planning to burn the barn. This is the time when they clash so badly and the father is financial examples so visibly angry at Pilots Essays all of them, for trying to stop him from burning de Spain’s barn. Sparty explanation for his father’s mystery of burning burns and financial accounting yet he builds very little fires at the camp, see the provision of Dream Still, a very questionable explanation. Accounting Examples. Fire is speech on terrorism his weapon of financial accounting, maintaining integrity as well as hitting back at on Stalin his enemies. “The use of financial, fire is his one and eldon tropicals only source of examples, power to eldon tropicals, be used selectively and effectively should anyone cross his path thus anger him.” (Commentary: p.3).

It is however mysterious that he builds very small fires at the camp and yet he strikes his enemies with fire. His having been in the army at financial accounting examples a certain time might have been the reason why he uses small fires for amy tan essays, cover up. When Mr. Accounting Examples. de Spain tells his father to Global Economy: Japan, pay the examples, twenty bushels, Sarty knows for Essay Economy: Japan, a fact that if he is made to pay de Spain, he will surely burn his barn again. He goes to court and almost reveals the examples, secret in an attempt to Essay Global, defend his father. He thinks that they are accusing him of something, not knowing that he was the plaintiff. Financial Accounting Examples. Sarty is caught off guard this time by his father’s intension to of Nursing Essay, burn Mr. de Spain’s barn. Examples. He even tries to delay his plan by proximal development, suggesting the sending of someone to warn Mr. Accounting Examples. de Spin that his barn will be burned but his father already knows what he stands for Development Professionals Essay, and won’t let his plan fail.

Despite the mother’s effort to financial examples, restrain him from Essay DBQ going, he struggles with her and financial accounting examples ensures that he defeats her. His aunt supports his course and proximal development even threatens to go if his mother does not let him go. Even his mother sides with him, that making the examples, three of them against one. Development. His problem is not abnormal after all. He frees himself and financial accounting takes off towards Mr. de Spain’s house.

He does the only sensible thing that crosses his mind, he reports to amy tan essays, Mr. Accounting Examples. Spain who runs to the farm and shoots towards that direction. As the on terrorism for school in urdu, story ends, we do not know whether Sarty’s father is accounting examples alive, but seemingly, it is Essay Global Economy: too late. This time, the examples, community justice overtook the loyalty to on Stalin DBQ, the family. As he sits in financial accounting examples the crest of the on terrorism in urdu, hill and thinks about accounting examples, exactly what happened, Sarty is just sad, maybe because he has lost his family and will have to Essay, start a new life on his own. He will no longer be bound to financial, the family ties that he was so much bound to that all his decisions depended on eldon tropicals it. It’s a whole new beginning for accounting examples, him. He is presented with a world where he does not know anything and will have to learn all things, but there is eldon tropicals hope. Nothing binds him to support injustices. He has all the justice within reach, he can keep his dignity.

A new world is financial examples set for Development of Nursing Professionals Essay, him. Even Snopes himself suffers the identity crisis problem. Only that could explain the reason why he was always trying to hurt other people or trying to make so many enemies. Even in financial examples the war, we are told that he did not fight along any side. Still Possible? Essay. Even though he makes his sons life so difficult so that the son lives in constant fear and despair, he suffers more than Sarty does. He has not done anything to make people appreciate him, but is accounting always trying to identify his enemies and proximal destroy them. In his own opinion, he might not even be having friends, to identify with. Accounting Examples. In another light however, we find that the Pilots, theme that the financial accounting examples, narrator tries to bring out is Essay Global Economy: self eliminatory, if one of either sides is achieved, the accounting, other is eldon tropicals eliminated. The author must have been aiming to eliminate the financial, traditional views of Snopes that saw him making his son a slave to Is the Dream Possible? Essay, family support. If Sarty had chosen to be loyal to financial examples, his father, he would never have tried to Essay, save the situation. Probably he would have ended up like his father since he would be an examples accomplice to the evil things that he did.

On the other hand, we see Snopes having been made to amy tan essays, be something we cannot quite conceive. It is financial accounting examples quite difficult to imagine a man would be bad enough to force his son live in captivity of having to side with his illegal deeds. Eldon Tropicals. We also do not expect him to be the financial accounting examples, one suing Mr. Proximal. de Spain. He had wronged him by marring his rug, and financial accounting examples the best he would do was wait for him to be the one taking him to Dream Still Essay, court. In short, the author tried to manipulate the characters in financial accounting an extra ordinary way to come up this theme. Development Essay. It’s also interesting how the examples, racial issues have been brought out. As much as Snopes sees himself as a person looked down upon, he knows that he has one up above the niggers. That’s the reason why he dismisses the butler when he tries to Development, stop him at financial accounting examples the door to get into Essay, the de Spain’s mansion. Though slightly brought out, the racial discrimination brought about sends us back to financial accounting, history. It’s a historical representation. At least, apart from the fact that there were such issues (racial) one would think that that was all that there was in this land.

It shows that even the speech for school in urdu, whites had their own troubles to financial accounting examples, deal with. On Terrorism For School In Urdu. In conclusion, we see that the author went a long way to bring out the accounting, theme of identity crisis. Creation of stereotypes was the tactic he found most appropriate to do so. He bundles one person with all the eldon tropicals, negative characters so that he could be a barrier for the main character to have a crisis. Examples. In addition, we see that the story is mostly told from Bush Pilots Sarty’s point of accounting, view so that we are being led to feel sorry for him. Speech In Urdu. Though the author deviates to financial accounting examples, get into historical events that might have occurred in Bush Pilots the main character’s absence, the rest of the financial accounting, story revolves around him such that he does not use any other character’s perspective that would bring different light to the whole story.

This might have been done to speed up the development of the proximal development, theme. Otherwise the financial, theme has been clearly outlined. Speech On Terrorism For School. 1. Financial Examples. William Faulkner- Barn 2. Burning Short Story. Global Economy: Japan. 6. Accounting. Bradford, M. E. Amy Tan Essays. #8220;Family and Community in financial Faulkner#8217;s #8216;Barn. Burning.'#8221; /Southern Review/ 17 (1981):.

7 Fowler, Virginia C. #8220;Faulkner#8217;s #8216;Barn Burning#8217;: Sarty#8217;s Conflict. Reconsidered.#8221; /College Language Association Journal/ 24 (1981):

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Financial accounting examples

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I. Exploitation of Migrant Workers. Many countries rely on financial accounting, migrant workers to fill labor shortages in amy tan essays, sectors that are low-paying, dangerous, and financial accounting examples poorly-regulated. Migrants are concentrated in sectors such as agriculture, construction, and domestic work, and are often at Bush Pilots Essays high risk of workplace abuse. Their migration status, language barriers, isolation, and limited access to services can compound these abuses and examples further limit access to redress. While many governments are beginning to engage in a process of reform, the amy tan essays most promising initiatives and commitments have arisen from the private sector rather than governments.

These include commitments from New York University and the Guggenheim regarding labor contracts for workers involved in constructing their buildings in the United Arab Emirates, and financial accounting improved work contracts for workers producing tobacco for Philip Morris Kazakhstan, a subsidiary of Philip Morris International, one of the world’s largest tobacco companies. Large numbers of complaints from migrant domestic workers regarding nonpayment of wages and a series of high-profile abuse cases led Indonesia to suspend migration of domestic workers to Malaysia in June 2009 until new protections could be put in on Stalin DBQ, place. The two governments have indicated their intent to revise a 2006 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to financial accounting examples allow domestic workers to keep their passports and have a weekly day of rest, but after several bilateral meetings and missed deadlines, negotiations have stalled on eldon tropicals, a minimum wage and the recruitment fee structure. Approximately 300,000 domestic workers, mostly from examples Indonesia, work in on terrorism, Malaysia. The labor laws exclude domestic workers from core protections such as a weekly rest day and limits to hours of work. Many domestic workers labor up to 18 hours a day, seven days a week, for financial wages of 400 to 600 ringgit (US$118-177) a month. Domestic workers must typically turn over the first six to seven months of their salary to repay exorbitant recruitment fees charged by private labor brokers for Essay Global placing them in their jobs. When such salary deductions are taken into account, Indonesian domestic workers only earn an accounting, average of Professional Development of Nursing, 300 to 450 ringgit (US$89-133) a month over a two-year contract.

Domestic workers, many from poor households and with financial pressures at home, have little choice but to accept these conditions. This system contributes to domestic workers being trapped in abusive situations and to forced labor since some employers may restrict employees’ freedom of movement to prevent them leaving before the accounting debt is repaid. In other cases, employment agencies may pressure domestic workers to stay with abusive employers until the debt is repaid, or workers endure such conditions so that they can ultimately send money home. In the absence of government regulations, employment agencies and employers typically set domestic workers' salaries based on their country of amy tan essays, origin instead of their education and experience. Filipina domestic workers in Malaysia earn the highest salary at US$400 a month because of requirements imposed by the Philippines government. Malaysia has no national minimum wage, but the Human Resources Ministry is conducting a study to consider introducing one for private sector workers. The Malaysian Trades Union Congress advocates a minimum wage of 900 ringgit (US$266), and the Malaysian government considers that earnings less than 750 ringgit (US$222) fall below the national poverty line. Human Rights Watch recommends that the governments of Indonesia and Malaysia revise the 2006 Memorandum of Understanding to include:

A commitment to extend equal protection under Malaysia's labor laws to domestic workers, specifically Section XII of the Employment Act of 1955 and the Workmen's Compensation Act of 1952. Provision for a standard contract that ensures minimum labor protections, including a 24-hour rest period each week, a fair minimum wage, a limitation on weekly hours of work, and benefits. Mechanisms for timely remedies for migrant domestic workers in cases of financial, abuse, and sanctions for employers and labor agents who commit these abuses. Stronger regulations governing recruitment agencies, including eliminating the practice of deducting salaries to repay excessive recruitment fees, and mechanisms to monitor and enforce these standards. Tens of thousands of migrant workers travel each year to the Central Asian economic powerhouse of Kazakhstan in search of employment. Thousands of these migrant workers, often together with their children, find work in tobacco farming. As documented in the report,“Hellish Work: Exploitation of Migrant Tobacco Workers in Essay on Stalin, Kazakhstan,” Human Rights Watch research in 2009 found abuse and exploitation of many migrant workers by tobacco farm owners who employ them for seasonal work. Tobacco farm owners in Kazakhstan contract with, and supply tobacco to, Philip Morris Kazakhstan (PMK), a subsidiary of Philip Morris International (PMI), one of the world’s largest tobacco companies. Migrant tobacco workers variously told Human Rights Watch how some employers confiscated their passports, failed to provide them with written employment contracts, did not pay regular wages, arbitrarily deducted their earnings, and forced them to work excessively long hours. Some employers also failed to financial accounting examples provide migrant workers with potable water, adequate hand-washing and other sanitary facilities, or adequate living conditions. In the worst cases, workers carried out forced labor, or were subject to situations analogous to forced labor, in which employers confiscated migrant workers’ passports and in some cases required them to perform other work without pay, in Professional Development of Nursing Essay, addition to tobacco farming.

Human Rights Watch documented 72 cases of children working in tobacco farming in 2009, the financial youngest of whom was 10. International and Kazakhstani law prohibits employing children under 18-years-old in harmful or hazardous work. Bush Essays? Experts agree that the difficulty of the work, the risks associated with handling tobacco leaves, and exposure to pesticides, renders tobacco farming one of the worst forms of financial, child labor, or labor from which children under 18 are categorically prohibited. Children who worked with their families on tobacco farms typically missed several months of school each year, or even entire academic years. Human Rights Watch first brought to PMI its concerns about the treatment of Bush Pilots Essays, migrant workers on examples, tobacco farms producing tobacco for PMK in October 2009. In response, PMI and PMK have committed to implement measures to expand and strengthen their labor and Professional Essay other rights protection for migrant workers, including: strengthening the contracts PMK signs with tobacco farm owners as well as requiring landowners to conclude contracts with each worker guaranteeing minimum labor standards and other conditions. Other commitments include improving training of agronomists, farmers, and workers, as well as the safe-handling instructions and safety of application of pesticides and fertilizers. PMI and PMK have also stated that they will engage with the Kazakhstani government to address the ability of children of migrant workers to attend local schools and to have alternatives to work during the financial accounting examples summer months. PMI also is working with a third-party organization to conduct monitoring of its implementation of these initiatives, and Economy: Japan is undertaking reforms to better address labor rights violations in financial accounting examples, its supply chains in its global markets beyond Kazakhstan. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of speech in urdu, Kazakhstan:

Establish accessible complaint mechanisms and rigorously investigate complaints of accounting, abuse, irrespective of a migrant workers’ contractual status or migration status. Ensure children of migrant workers have access to local schools and other social services, and increase training for parents, children, employers, and for school in urdu others regarding the financial examples hazards of child labor in tobacco. The Human Rights Watch report, “Walls at Every Turn: Exploitation of Bush Pilots, Migrant Domestic Workers through Kuwait's Sponsorship System” describes how workers become trapped in exploitative or abusive employment, only to face criminal penalties for leaving a job without the employer's permission. Government authorities arrest workers reported as absconding and generally deport them from Kuwait, even if they have been abused and seek redress. The country's more than 660,000 migrant domestic workers constitute nearly a third of the work force in this Gulf country of only 1.3 million citizens.

However, domestic workers are excluded from the labor laws that protect other workers and guarantee protections such as a weekly rest day and limits to hours of work. Kuwaiti lawmakers reinforced this exclusion as recently as February 2010, when they passed a new labor law for the private sector that failed to cover domestic work. A proposed new labor law specifically aimed at accounting examples domestic workers would ensure greater protections. However, the draft law has remained under parliamentary review for the past seven months, and amy tan essays did not appear on financial accounting, the agenda for the October 2010 parliamentary session. Data compiled by Human Rights Watch shows that in 2009, domestic workers from Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Ethiopia filed over 10,000 complaints about their treatment with their embassies in Kuwait. Amy Tan Essays? The domestic workers interviewed cited a variety of abuses by their employers, including nonpayment of financial accounting, wages, refusal to grant days off, and physical or sexual assault. They found they could only pursue a legal claim if they were willing to wait weeks or months in a crowded embassy shelter while negotiations with their sponsor, or a protracted legal case, proceeded. Sponsorship regulations prohibit domestic workers from changing jobs without their sponsoring employers’ consent, leaving them dependent on individual employers for their livelihood.

An absconding report by the employer immediately invalidates a migrant worker's legal residency status. Under this system, a worker who has faced abuse must choose between waiting for eldon tropicals months or years with no legal means of earning income or foregoing claims to accounting examples legal redress. Kuwait provides no expedited labor courts despite the country's huge population of migrant workers and the fact that wage complaints top the list of workers' grievances. Long waits, poor information about their rights and options, and slim chances of achieving justice mean that many workers give up on redress. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Kuwait: Reform the current sponsorship system, including taking immediate steps to remove absconding as a legal violation and permitting workers to change jobs without an employer's consent. Amy Tan Essays? Cease arresting and deporting workers for leaving jobs where employers violated their rights, and examples instead provide domestic workers with emergency shelter and expedited complaint mechanisms.

Ensure that a proposed labor law for domestic work does not create weaker or unequal protections to those in the main labor laws. Lebanese families employ an estimated 200,000 migrant domestic workers, primarily from Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, the Philippines, and Nepal. In its “Without Protection: How the Essay on Stalin Lebanese Justice System Fails Migrant Domestic Workers” report, Human Rights Watch reviewed 114 Lebanese judicial decisions affecting migrant domestic workers and found that lack of accessible complaint mechanisms, lengthy judicial procedures, and financial examples restrictive visa policies dissuade many workers from speech on terrorism for school in urdu filing or pursuing complaints against accounting, their employers. Even when workers file complaints, the police and judicial authorities regularly fail to treat certain abuses against domestic workers as crimes. Human Rights Watch did not find a single example among the 114 cases it reviewed in which an employer faced charges for locking workers inside homes, confiscating their passports, or denying them food, even though these violations of the law are commonplace.

Complaints that workers file against Bush Pilots, employers often languish in court for months, and sometimes years. This poses an added burden on the workers because Lebanon's restrictive visa policies make it hard for them to remain in the country to pursue the case. Cases of physical violence against migrant domestic workers often fail to garner sufficient attention from police and prosecutors. For example, a review of police reports in numerous cases of accounting, violence against these workers shows that police investigating these cases regularly ask employers only general questions and accept their statements as truthful without cross-checking their statements with other potential witnesses. While authorities have prosecuted certain cases of amy tan essays, severe beatings against migrant domestic workers, these cases remain rare and financial accounting have resulted in only light sentences. The most severe sentence for physical abuse of on terrorism for school in urdu, which Human Rights Watch is financial examples aware was one month in prison imposed by a criminal court on June 26, 2010, against an employer who repeatedly beat a Sri Lankan domestic worker while forcibly confining her to the house. Human Rights Watch documented numerous violations of due process and the right to a fair trial in cases in which migrant domestic workers were accused of a crime, usually theft. Of the 84 criminal cases against domestic workers reviewed by Human Rights Watch, 37 of the workers (44 percent) lacked a defense lawyer.

Most—at least 57 of 84 cases reviewed—also faced police and court proceedings without the help of Development Professionals Essay, certified translators, even though many do not speak fluent Arabic. Researchers also found that workers were detained before trial in 64 out of the 84 cases. Most who were eventually found not guilty had been detained during trial for an average of three months before being released, although at least four had been jailed for more than eight months before a court found them not guilty. In June, the financial Ministry of Labor instituted a hotline to receive workers' complaints, but its effectiveness remains unproven. Most migrant domestic workers do not know about the hotline, whose operators do not have language support for any of the languages migrant workers commonly speak, such as Amharic, Hindi, Tagalog, Tamil, Malagasy, or Nepali. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Lebanon: Develop a national plan to increase the likelihood that complaints against Development of Nursing, employers for crimes committed against migrant domestic workers lead to prosecution, including training programs for police officers, immigration officials, prosecutors, and judges. Enact legislation to create a simplified dispute resolution mechanism to settle salary disputes between employers and migrant workers in a timely manner. Provide access to legal aid and certified interpreters for financial migrant domestic workers who are victims of Bush Essays, abuse or are accused of a crime. Reform the visa sponsorship system so that workers' visas are no longer tied to individual sponsors, and so that workers can file complaints without fear of detention and deportation.

In 2010, Human Rights Watch monitored several cases in which Saudi Arabia’s justice system failed migrant workers, highlighting broader problems of access to redress and fair treatment. Several aspects of Saudi Arabia’s labor laws and accounting immigration sponsorship system put migrants at high risk of abuse. Migrant workers’ residency is tied to their immigration sponsor (a company or an individual employer), who must provide consent for the worker to change jobs or to get an exit visa from the Interior Ministry to leave the country. This system gives employers inordinate control over workers and Bush Essays can trap them in abusive situations. Saudi Arabia has also failed to finalize reforms to financial the labor law to extend protections to the country’s approximately 1.5 million migrant domestic workers, who are currently excluded from basic guarantees such as a weekly day of rest or limits to hours of work. Several migrant domestic workers were only able to report complaints of grave physical abuse after returning to their home countries because complaint mechanisms in Essay Global Economy:, Saudi Arabia remained inaccessible. Financial Examples? For example, in DBQ, late August, Lahadapurage Daneris Ariyawathie, a domestic worker from Sri Lanka returned home and needed an operation to remove dozens of nails and metal objects she said her Saudi employers had hammered into her body after she complained of being overworked. A Kenyan newspaper, The Nation, reported that in January, Saudi authorities summarily deported Fatma Athman, a domestic worker from Mombasa, a week after she suffered injuries she said resulted from her employer pushing her off a third-floor balcony. In the past, Saudi authorities have been slow to investigate or prosecute abusers in similar cases. The criminal case against the employers of Keni binti Carda, an Indonesian domestic worker who says she was burned by her employers in September 2008 before they put her on financial accounting examples, a plane back home, was only investigated following international pressure and has been subject to protracted delays. Human Rights Watch also documented several cases in 2010 in which workers complaining of unpaid wages were unable to eldon tropicals obtain redress and were effectively trapped in the country once their residency permits expired.

In one example, Jadawel International, a Saudi company, failed to pay workers more than six months of salaries that they owed them. Financial Accounting Examples? Managers told workers they were working toward a solution for paying the back salaries and renewing their residency permits, without which workers could not leave the compound for fear of speech for school in urdu, arrest, access medical treatment, or leave the country. Following Human Rights Watch communication with the company’s chairman, Jadawel renewed most residency permits, issued exit visas, and financial accounting examples paid six months outstanding salaries in August, although workers stated on October 24, 2010, that salary payments were three months in arrears. Saudi Arabia’s labor courts are notoriously slow, often taking years to hear and decide a case, which can then be appealed, further delaying a final decision. Migrant workers on low incomes of amy tan essays, a few hundred dollars a month, most of which they send home, cannot afford to wait that long. Migrant workers also lack the resources that companies have to hire lawyers to present their case. In other cases, migrant workers accused of crimes may face harsh penalties such as the death sentence and several obstacles to a fair trial including limited access to financial accounting examples lawyers and translators. In a prominent case, Saudi Arabia's Supreme Court upheld the death penalty for Rizana Nafeek, a Sri Lankan domestic worker. Nafeek had been in Essay Global Economy:, Saudi Arabia for two weeks in May 2005 when her employers’ 4-month-old baby died in her care.

A recruitment agency in Sri Lanka had altered the birth date on her passport to suggest she was 23, but her birth certificate later confirmed she was 17 at the time. Though she was arrested in financial, 2005, she did not have access to legal counsel until after a court in Essay, Dawadmi sentenced her to death in 2007. As of November 2010, the death sentence had not been carried out. Human Right Watch recommends that the government of Saudi Arabia: Create effective mechanisms to monitor migrant workers' working conditions, including accessible complaints mechanisms such as hotlines, and examples take steps to resolve labor disputes in a timely manner. Rigorously prosecute employers and employment agents who abuse migrant domestic workers and ensure that migrants have access to competent translators and a lawyer during legal proceedings. Adopt comprehensive immigration and labor reforms so that workers do not require the consent of their first employer to transfer jobs or leave the country, and so that domestic workers receive equal protection under labor laws. Human Rights Watch's report, “From the Tiger to the Crocodile: Abuse of Migrant Workers in Thailand,” describes the widespread and severe human rights abuses that migrant workers—who originate from Burma, Cambodia, and Laos—face in Thailand, including torture in detention, extortion, sexual abuse, trafficking, forced labor, restrictions on organizing, violent retaliation against eldon tropicals, complainants, and even death. Eighty percent of these migrant workers are from Burma, many of whom are fleeing ethnic and political conflict back home.

Local police and officials often ignore or fail to effectively investigate migrants’ complaints. National laws and policies and provincial decrees prohibit migrants from examples establishing their own organizations, such as trade unions, and asserting their rights. Eldon Tropicals? Policy restrictions on financial examples, changing employers, moving outside designated areas, and convening meetings with more than a handful of persons leave migrants vulnerable to exploitation and ill-treatment. Migrants reported constant fear of Essay Japan, detention and extortion by police, who demand money or valuables from migrants in their custody in return for their release. Financial Accounting Examples? It is Pilots Essays not uncommon for financial examples a migrant to lose the equivalent of one to several months pay in a single extortion incident. Human Rights Watch found that a number of provinces continue to restrict migrants’ use of mobile phones and motorcycles, severely limit freedom of movement, prohibit migrant gatherings, and enforce nighttime curfews. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Bush Pilots Essays, Thailand: Revoke laws and national and financial examples provincial policies that bar migrants from forming labor unions, changing employers, organizing assemblies, and exercising their rights to freedom of speech for school in urdu, expression, association, and movement.

Establish an independent and impartial commission to investigate allegations of abuse by police and other authorities against accounting, migrants. Such a commission should be empowered to subpoena, require presentation of Bush Pilots Essays, evidence, and financial accounting examples recommend criminal and eldon tropicals civil charges against abusers. It should make reports public periodically. In 2010, New York University (NYU), the Guggenheim Foundation, and their government-owned partners announced new contractual safeguards for workers employed in building an financial examples, NYU campus and a branch of the Global Guggenheim on Saadiyat Island, Abu Dhabi. Financial? As of November, Le Louvre Abu Dhabi, another major international construction project on Saadiyat Island, had not made any specific public commitments on labor standards for its workers. A May 2009 Human Rights Watch report, “The Island of Happiness: Exploitation of Global Economy: Japan, Migrant Workers on Saadiyat Island, Abu Dhabi,” documented how the UAE government and development authorities had failed to tackle worker abuse, including unlawful recruiting fees, unpaid wages, and a sponsorship system that gives employers inordinate power over workers. These contribute to a cycle of abuse that leaves migrant workers deeply indebted and often unable to accounting examples leave their jobs. In repeat visits to the island in 2010, Human Rights Watch interviewed workers who, consistent with earlier findings, had paid exorbitant recruitment fees that took months or years to recover, and whose employers had confiscated their passports. In early 2010, NYU and its partner, the Executive Affairs Authority of Abu Dhabi, announced it would require all companies involved in building and operating the Pilots Essays NYU Abu Dhabi campus to reimburse workers for accounting examples recruiting or other employment-related fees they are found to have paid. The new terms also bar companies from confiscating worker passports, and require them to provide 30 days annual leave, health insurance, and Global premium rates for financial examples overtime work, among other benefits. In September 2010, the Guggenheim and eldon tropicals its government-owned partner, the Tourism Development Investment Company (TDIC), said all companies involved in building and operating the museum's Abu Dhabi branch would be required to accounting examples provide workers with electronic wage payment, overtime provisions, annual leave, a weekly day off, and health insurance.

Companies would also have to give workers contracts in local languages before they enter the UAE, and give them access to speech on terrorism in urdu a complaints body at accounting examples TDIC. Unlike NYU, the Guggenheim did not include explicit provisions to require companies to reimburse workers for any recruitment or other employment-related fees, although it reaffirmed an employer's responsibility for such fees. Indebtedness for recruitment fees remains the primary factor that creates conditions of forced labor, with workers required to use their wages to eldon tropicals pay off the fees, and pressured into financial remaining in their jobs regardless of abusive conditions. Every single worker interviewed for the 2009 report, as well as all workers interviewed in Essay DBQ, 2010, had paid such fees before coming to work in financial, the UAE. The new measures announced by NYU and the Guggenheim lack clear provisions for eldon tropicals enforcement or for accounting independent, third-party monitoring of employer compliance. Nor did they address workers’ rights to collective bargaining, strike, and have a fair minimum wage. They did not specify what penalties, if any, will be imposed on contractors that violate the terms. It is also unclear what legal recourse NYU Abu Dhabi or the Guggenheim have in the event of a breach by a contractor employing workers on on terrorism in urdu, its project, with which it will have no direct contractual relationship. Human Rights Watch calls upon NYU, the Guggenheim, the financial Louvre, and the government of the UAE to: Establish a mechanism to monitor labor practices within the operations of the new branch, as well as those of any subcontractors and their affiliates (including those who provide construction and maintenance services).

This monitoring mechanism should oversee how migrant workers are hired and Development Professionals Essay treated during their employment with the Abu Dhabi branches, as well as subcontractors and accounting affiliates. Penalize and terminate relationships with any contractors that continue to work with labor agencies or sub-agencies that charge workers fees and/ or mislead workers regarding conditions of Pilots, employment upon arrival in the UAE. Create mechanisms that would encourage compliance by subcontractors (i.e. retain experienced and reputable labor and accounting construction lawyers and give them a mandate to ensure that all construction and maintenance related contracts require meaningful compliance with labor laws). Hundreds of thousands of Bush Pilots Essays, children work on US farms, but are less protected than all other working children in the United States. The 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act specifically exempts farm worker youth from minimum age and maximum hour requirements, exposing them to work at far younger ages, for far longer hours, and under more hazardous conditions than children in accounting, other jobs.

Federal protections that do exist are often not enforced, and state child labor laws vary in strength and enforcement. As a result, child farm workers, most of eldon tropicals, whom are Latino and include both domestic and international migrants, often work 12 to examples 14 hour days, and risk pesticide poisoning, heat illness, injuries, and lifelong disabilities. Eldon Tropicals? Many, especially migrant children, drop out of school; girls are sometimes sexually harassed. While federal legislation that would close the loophole and protect child farm workers remains pending, some government agencies have moved to financial improve conditions: the Department of Labor added more than 250 new field investigators since early 2009 and eldon tropicals plans to add more; the Environmental Protection Agency has pledged to strengthen its assessment of pesticide health risks, and to propose amendments to federal worker protection standards by financial, 2012. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of the United States: Via the US Congress should amend the Essay on Stalin DBQ Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) to apply the same age and hour requirements to financial children working for hire in agriculture as already apply to all other working children. Congress should also raise the minimum age for particularly hazardous work in agriculture to 18, in line with existing standards in all other industries. Via the US Department of Development of Nursing Professionals Essay, Labor should increase agricultural workplace inspections targeting child labor and minimum wage violations and significantly increase civil money and criminal penalties within the accounting examples limits allowed by law to improve compliance.

It should also press for much-needed amendments to the list of speech on terrorism, jobs in agriculture that are deemed to be “particularly hazardous” for children. II. Abuse and Detention at Borders. Men, women, and financial examples children often risk their lives to cross borders and are frequently subject to abusive treatment while in grey areas: no-man’s lands between border checkpoints, on amy tan essays, the high seas, and at international zones of airports. Many countries have border control policies that are hostile, discriminatory, and flout international standards, particularly along frontiers at accounting the margins of territories that often lie beyond the sight of media and other witnesses. Governments—often in the form of border and coast guards—may fail to screen migrants to identify asylum seekers, trafficking victims, unaccompanied children, and Professional Development of Nursing other members of vulnerable groups, or subject them to violence, extortion, poor conditions in financial, detention, and refoulement (forced return to torture or persecution). As of November 2010, Egyptian border guards in 2010 had shot dead at least 28 migrants attempting to speech cross the Sinai border into accounting Israel. Eldon Tropicals? A government official said in March that security forces had “only” killed 4 percent of financial accounting examples, those attempting to cross in speech on terrorism for school, 2009. Egypt continues to financial detain refugees and migrants and charge them with illegal entry before military courts that do not meet international fair trial standards. Many of those trying to cross into Israel at Bush Essays or near the Sinai border come from refugee-producing countries such as Eritrea and Sudan.

Israel's policy of forcibly returning to Egypt some of financial accounting examples, those who do make it across, without adequately considering possible asylum claims, also violates international law. Essay DBQ? Migrants and financial examples refugees who Israel forcibly returns to Egypt face arbitrary arrest and detention, unfair trials before military courts, and forcible deportation without the chance to make asylum claims. Egypt denied UNHCR access to detained refugees and migrants, preventing them from making asylum claims. In January, Egyptian security officials arrested at least 25 Sudanese refugees and amy tan essays asylum seekers and detained many incommunicado for up to three months. Many are vulnerable to deportation even though they hold refugee documentation from the UNHCR. On January 25, Egyptian authorities returned Muhammad al-Haj, a recognized Sudanese refugee, to his home country, in violation of the prohibition of refoulement. Human Rights Watch recommends that the financial Egyptian government: Order border police to use lethal force only as a proportional and necessary response to a threat to life, and conduct a thorough and impartial investigation into the killings of African migrants, make the Essay results public, and prosecute responsible border police officers and officials with oversight responsibility. Cease using military tribunals to try civilian migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers detained in the Sinai.

Guarantee UNHCR access to financial examples all migrants who have international protection needs in official custody. Human Rights Watch recommends that the Israeli government: Conduct no additional coordinated returns to Egypt of persons who cross the Essay on Stalin Sinai border until: Israel institutes a system that ensures border-crossers the financial examples ability to Economy: Japan present asylum claims, and financial accounting examples Egypt credibly guarantees that it will respect returnees' rights under international human rights and refugee law and not to return them to countries where they could face persecution. Since May 2009, Italy has joined forces with Libya to patrol the waters from the coast of Libya to Italy’s Mediterranean territories, principally the island of Lampedusa. Libya in 2010 operated patrol boats provided by Italy with Italian personnel on board to speech for school interdict boat migrants on the high seas and in Libyan waters and financial accounting examples return them summarily to Libya with no screening to eldon tropicals identify refugees, the sick or injured, pregnant women, unaccompanied children, victims of trafficking, or victims of violence against financial accounting examples, women. All interdicted boat migrants are detained upon Professionals Essay, arrival in Libya in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions. Libya is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention and financial accounting has no asylum law or procedure.

In April, Libyan Foreign Secretary Moussa Koussa said his country “does not have any refugees but only illegal migrants who break the Professional Development Essay laws.” In July the government said that there were 3 million irregular migrants in Libya. A new law on “Illegal Migration” criminalizes trafficking of migrants but does not mention protections for refugees. In June, Libya closed the financial office of the UN High Commissioner for Professional Development of Nursing Essay Refugees (UNHCR) in Tripoli and expelled its representative. Accounting? It later allowed the office nominally to reopen but only with highly restricted permission to work on behalf of refugees and asylum seekers whom it had registered prior to closing, and without access to newly detained migrants and asylum seekers. On June 28, a group of detained Eritrean migrants tried to escape from eldon tropicals a migrant detention center after Libyan officials allowed Eritrean embassy officials to take their photos and forced them to complete forms raising fear of deportation. In response, Libyan authorities transported 245 Eritrean detainees from the Misrata detention on Libya’s northern coast to another detention center at al-Biraq, north of Sabha, in an apparent attempt to deport them.

Some of these Eritreans were among those whom Italy had forcibly returned to examples Libya without giving them an opportunity to claim asylum. Bush Essays? After an international outcry, Libya released this group but did not provide them with any support or protection. They remain in Libya. Human Rights Watch recommends that the Libyan government: Sign and ratify the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol and examples establish asylum procedures in conformity with international refugee standards. Improve the deplorable conditions of detention in Libya, and prosecute officials responsible for abusing migrants in and out of detention.

Human Rights Watch recommends that EU institutions and amy tan essays member states: Refrain from concluding multilateral or bilateral readmission agreements with Libya until Libyan policies and practices with regard to migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers fully meet international standards. Pressure Italy to stop cooperating with Libya to forcibly return migrants—including apparent asylum seekers—to Libya where they are routinely subjected to inhuman and degrading treatment and where potential refugees are not effectively protected. Ensure that the EU external border control agency, Frontex, is not involved in activities that result in refoulement. On January 1, 2010, a readmission agreement between the European Union and Ukraine came into force that provides for the return of third-country nationals who enter the EU from Ukraine. Readmission agreements are a cornerstone of the EU’s so-called externalization strategy for asylum and migration, the financial examples core of which is to of Nursing stop the flow of migrants and asylum seekers into the EU by shifting the burden and accounting responsibility for eldon tropicals migrants and refugees onto countries that neighbor the Union, in accounting examples, this case Ukraine. Ukraine has a dysfunctional asylum system, and from August 2009 through August 2010, no government body had the mandate to on Stalin recognize or provide protection to refugees. Ukraine is struggling to financial accounting manage the backlog of claims that were not processed during that time. Not only has Ukraine been unable or unwilling to provide effective protection to refugees and asylum seekers, it has also subjected some migrants who returned from neighboring EU countries to amy tan essays torture and other inhuman and degrading treatment. Out of 161 interviews of refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers in Ukraine, Slovakia, and Hungary whom Human Rights Watch interviewed in June 2010, 48 said they had been returned from Slovakia or Hungary. Most of those 48 said they had asked for asylum upon arrival in those countries, but that their pleas had been ignored and they had been swiftly expelled.

These practices breach the right to seek asylum contained in the binding EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. Both Slovakia and Hungary also returned unaccompanied children to financial Ukraine in violation of their international obligations to protect them. Human Rights Watch recommends that Slovakia, Hungary, and other EU member states: Suspend the return of Professional Development Professionals Essay, third-country nationals to Ukraine under the EU-Ukraine readmission agreement or bilateral readmission agreements until Ukraine meets international standards with respect to the human rights of financial accounting examples, returned migrants, particularly with regard to the practice of torture, inhuman or degrading treatment, and arbitrary detention and until Ukraine demonstrates willingness and the capacity to provide a fair hearing to asylum seekers and on Stalin effective protection to refugees. Human Rights Watch recommends that Ukraine: Ensure that all migrant detainees in financial accounting, state custody are treated in a humane and dignified manner and that their detention fully complies with Ukraine’s international obligations governing the Economy: administrative detention of migrants. Immediately investigate allegations of torture and abuse of migrants in State Border Guard Service custody, including at the time of examples, apprehension and in all phases of detention and Essay on Stalin transfer. Ensure that border guards quickly forward all requests for asylum to financial the regional migration service and speech discipline any personnel who obstruct access to accounting examples asylum. In 2010, Greece was faced with 10,000 requests by Professional Development of Nursing, other EU member states to financial accounting return migrants and asylum seekers there under the Dublin II regulation, the eldon tropicals instrument that assigns responsibility among EU states for examining asylum claims.

Dublin II generally holds that the country of financial examples, first entry is responsible for eldon tropicals examining the claim. Greece was the entry point for financial accounting about 75 percent of the 106,200 irregular migrants entering the EU in Essay, 2009; that percentage rose to 80 percent in the early months of 2010, according to The Economist . Examples? In September 2010, UNHCR described the situation for migrants and asylum seekers in Greece as a “humanitarian crisis.” Despite the government’s repeated commitments to overhaul its broken asylum system, restore appeal rights, ensure humane treatment for migrants, and police accountability for amy tan essays ill-treatment, it had made no progress in any of those areas by year’s end. A Presidential Decree containing modest reforms, including addressing a backlog of financial accounting, more than 46,000 cases, remained stalled partly because of the country’s budget crisis, while only 11 of 30,000 applicants (0.04 percent) were granted asylum at first instance in 2009. Migrants and asylum seekers continued to be detained in substandard conditions, with little or no assistance to Bush unaccompanied migrant children and other vulnerable groups, many of whom live in destitution or on the streets, at risk of exploitation and financial accounting trafficking. During an October visit, the Global UN special rapporteur on torture investigated ill-treatment of migrants, as well as the detention of asylum seekers, women, and children. Financial Accounting Examples? On October 20, he called on the EU not to transfer asylum seekers to Greece under the Dublin II regulation. Human Rights Watch recommends that other EU member states: Suspend all Dublin II transfers to Greece.

Human Rights Watch recommends that Greece: Invite UNHCR to take over its asylum system as long as it is incapable of doing so. Essay DBQ? Completely reform its asylum system to provide access to the procedure for all asylum seekers and fair and timely adjudication of claims. Improve conditions of detention in all places of financial examples, migration detention to meet international standards. The Canary Islands government's decision to keep 200 unaccompanied migrant children in emergency shelters, which are not subject to Pilots Essays normal care regulations, puts the children at financial risk and threatens their well-being. While some conditions have improved in recent years, the centers fail to comply with the Canary Islands government's minimum care standards for migrant children and have no occupancy limits. The approximately 100 children in the biggest and most secluded emergency center, La Esperanza, receive low-quality food, lack adequate heating, hot water, and blankets, and report exposure to frequent violence from other children. The emergency centers were established in 2006 as a temporary measure in response to an unprecedented number of unaccompanied migrant children arriving on the islands.

Some conditions have improved since 2007, including access to Essay on Stalin education, training opportunities outside their residences, and more frequent monitoring visits. Other serious concerns also persist in emergency centers. These include the absence of a functioning mechanism to file confidential complaints, mixing of younger children with older peers in one emergency center, insufficient access to the asylum procedure, absence of occupancy limits, and accounting limited opportunities to become integrated in Professional, the community. In addition, the substandard conditions at financial accounting La Esperanza center threaten children's well-being. The Canary Islands government informed Human Rights Watch orally on Professional of Nursing Professionals, June 15 that it plans to close down La Esperanza emergency center by December 2010 and move children to other centers, including the emergency centers at Tegueste and Arinaga. It has not committed to making those centers subject to accounting examples its own established minimum standards of care. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of the Canary Islands: Close La Esperanza emergency center as a matter of priority and Essay Economy: transfer all children to adequate care arrangements.

End the accounting examples emergency regime as a whole and bring all centers for unaccompanied minors in line with Canary Islands minimum standards and occupancy limits for centers accommodating unaccompanied migrant children. III. Inadequate Health Care for Migrants in on Stalin DBQ, Detention. We are sweating at financial accounting night on the floor; we don’t know what illnesses we have, but we pass them back and forth…. I asked the officer to go to eldon tropicals the clinic, but he said, “You just need to wait for deportation.” Especially when they know you are a foreigner, they don’t take you serious. —Jean Marie, 28, immigration detainee, Lusaka Central Prison, Zambia, October 3, 2009. Migrants frequently face barriers in accessing health care. Migrant populations in detention can be particularly vulnerable, as they are entirely reliant on the government to provide or facilitate their access to services.

Under international law, states have an obligation to ensure medical care for all prisoners at least equivalent to that available to the general population; human rights law also requires that a core minimum of health care services be provided without discrimination on the basis of citizenship or social origin. Yet despite these protections, prisoners in financial accounting, Zambia and Global Economy: Malawi are often held in life-threatening conditions. Financial? Human Rights Watch researchers have found that migrant detainees held in speech in urdu, prisons—sometimes inappropriately or unnecessarily—also experience discrimination, and faced conditions or health care inferior to those provided to non-migrant prison populations. In August 2010, Human Rights Watch became aware of serious health and justice concerns in the cases of approximately 230 Ethiopian migrants imprisoned in Malawi. Examples? The migrants had recently been convicted of speech on terrorism for school in urdu, illegal entry and sentenced to various terms of accounting examples, imprisonment, with an average sentence of 10 months. Reports from these prisoners suggested that their trials were conducted in a language they were unable to understand, with no translation provided, raising concerns that the trials may not have met international fair trial standards.

While many, if not all, prisoners in Malawi face poor prison conditions, reports suggest those experienced by Ethiopian detainees in some Malawian prisons are significantly worse than the amy tan essays norm, and could have serious health implications. For example, in accounting, one prison some 85 non-Malawian inmates were housed in a small, smoke-filled kitchen, measuring 3.4 by 3.9 meters. Some of the inmates were forced to stand for 16 hours a day while the cell was locked: one or more were forced to crouch in Essay on Stalin DBQ, the chimney. Inmates reported respiratory ailments and symptoms consistent with malnutrition-related disorders, but often could not report serious health problems because they did not speak the officers’ language. Human Rights Watch has recommended that the government of Malawi: Improve conditions of detention and in particular overcrowding in financial examples, Malawi’s prisons, ensuring that non-Malawian prisoners are held under conditions of detention equivalent to Malawian prisoners. Provide migrant detainees with a designated interpreter through whom they can request medical assistance and in urdu through whom they may make complaints to prison authorities empowered to address prison conditions. In Zambia, immigration detainees—including administrative detainees held pending deportation—are frequently held in prisons, made to financial accounting examples await deportation without due process, and mixed with convicted and pre-trial criminal prisoners. Human Rights Watch, the Prisons Care and Counselling Association (PRISCCA), and the AIDS and Rights Alliance for Bush Pilots Southern Africa (ARASA) interviewed immigration detainees in Zambian prisons and found that only 38 percent of those interviewed had ever seen a magistrate or judge, compared with 97 percent of non-immigration detainees.

Many who were detained appeared to have reasonable claims to financial accounting examples legal status. Immigration detainees are routinely told to Essay Global Japan pay for their own deportation and are held until they pay. Being held behind bars can have life-threatening consequences for all inmates, including immigration detainees. Overcrowding, malnutrition, rampant infectious disease, grossly inadequate medical care, and examples routine violence at the hands of Essay Global Japan, prison officers and fellow inmates make Zambian prisons death traps for accounting inmates of all nationalities. In 2010, the Zambia Prisons Service employed only 14 health staff—including one physician—to serve its 16,666 prisoners. Tuberculosis (TB) rates in Zambia’s prisons are more than ten times those in the general population, and HIV rates almost double. Eldon Tropicals? Yet despite being held under the same unhealthy conditions as Zambian inmates, immigration detainees interviewed by Human Rights Watch, PRISCCA, and ARASA had been tested for financial examples both TB and HIV in detention at speech on terrorism even lower rates than their Zambian counterparts; six percent of immigration detainees had been tested for TB compared to 23 percent of all detainees, and 21 percent of immigration detainees had been tested for HIV compared with 57 percent of all detainees. Such a disparity is attributable to a combination of discrimination against immigration detainees in accessing care, and the fact that immigration detainees, on accounting examples, average, spend less time in detention than convicted detainees. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Zambia:

Boost prison-based health services to include HIV and TB testing and treatment, and ensure accessibility of such services to immigration detainees on equal terms. Japan? Amend the Immigration Act to require that any administrative detention for the purposes of deportation be explained on accounting examples, a case-by-case basis and shown to be proportionate and necessary, and include specific limits on the duration of administrative detention for the purposes of deportation. Ensure that each immigration detainee receives a hearing in a timely manner and is able to request asylum. IV. Discriminatory Treatment of Migrants. France launched a highly-publicized campaign against Bush Pilots, Roma from Eastern European in late July 2010, moving to forcibly evict Roma (and French travelers “gens du voyage”) living in unauthorized camps and to return migrant Roma (who are mostly EU citizens) to their countries of origin. By the end of August, 128 of the camps had been destroyed, and by mid-September, over one thousand Roma from Romania and financial examples Bulgaria had been removed from France, the majority through “assisted voluntary returns” involving cash inducements and threat of deportation. There is evidence that the government specifically targeted camps occupied by migrant Roma from Eastern Europe with a view to organizing expulsions, and concerns remain that evictions were carried out without appropriate safeguards. At time of writing, a government-sponsored immigration reform bill, already passed by the lower chamber of parliament, is amy tan essays under examination in the French senate. The draft law weakens migrants’ rights and contains provisions that widen the grounds for expelling EU citizens to include abuse of France’s welfare system, profiting from begging by others, and “abusive” occupation of financial, land.

The last-minute introduction of the latter provisions and eldon tropicals political rhetoric around their introduction strongly suggested they were aimed at examples Roma from Eastern Europe. The European Commission applied pressure on France in September for Professional of Nursing Professionals failing to financial implement correctly a 2004 EU directive on freedom of movement for EU citizens, which contains protections against summary and mass expulsions, neither of which appear to have been respected in the case of the Essay Global Economy: Japan expulsions of Roma to Romania and Bulgaria. Financial Accounting Examples? While a positive move, the commission’s actions did not take France to task for discrimination against Roma, although it has said it will continue to monitor France’s compliance with its human rights obligations in this area. The commission’s actions prompted France to indicate it will take steps to remedy the shortcomings in national legislation. The immigration reform currently being debated also includes limiting the rights of appeal of DBQ, migrants held in deportation detention, and withdrawing acquired citizenship from persons convicted of accounting examples, killing a public official, such as law enforcement officers, firefighters and judges. Human Rights Watch recommends that the Pilots French government:

Ensure all camp evictions are conducted lawfully and in compliance with international standards on evictions, including with necessary safeguards, such as appropriate advance notice, compensation for lost or damaged belongings, and alternative accommodation. Conduct an independent review of financial accounting, its “voluntary assisted return” program and the policy of expulsion of migrant Roma. Ensure that any expulsion measures are based on individual review and Essay Global Economy: do not discriminate on the grounds of ethnicity or nationality. Accounting Examples? Withdraw problematic provisions of the Bush Essays immigration reform bill, including those targeting Roma, weakening the rights of migrants in detention, and accounting examples withdrawing citizenship from naturalized French convicted of certain crimes. Racist and xenophobic violence, including against migrants, remains a serious problem, with the government not only slow to acknowledge the problem and adopt appropriate legal and policy responses, but exacerbating a climate of intolerance with anti-immigrant and anti-Roma discourse.

The plight of seasonal agricultural migrant workers was laid bare in January 2010, when 11 African seasonal migrant workers were seriously injured in Bush Essays, drive-by shootings and there were mob attacks over a three-day period in Rosarno, Calabria, in south Italy. Every winter, thousands of seasonal migrant workers go to Rosarno to examples harvest citrus fruits. Most are hired without legal employment contracts, and work in conditions that are often exploitative, involving low pay, failure to pay, and Bush abusive treatment. Following two drive-by shootings of accounting, African migrant workers on eldon tropicals, the same day, migrants organized protests, some of which resulted in violence and criminal damage of financial examples, property. In the speech for school in urdu most serious episode attributed to migrants, a woman and her children were forced out of examples, their car, the Essay DBQ woman was hit in the face with a rock, and the car set ablaze. Accounting? More shootings and mob beatings targeting migrants followed, there were two attempts to run over migrants (including with a bulldozer), and an arson attack on a house occupied by migrants. In addition to Pilots the 11 seriously injured migrants, at financial examples least 10 other migrants, 10 law enforcement officers, and Essay 14 local residents required first aid treatment.

Over one thousand migrants left the town after the examples violence, most of them evacuated by law enforcement personnel. Essay On Stalin DBQ? To date, three Italians have been convicted of violence against migrants during the Rosarno unrest, although none of those responsible for the targeted shootings or mob attacks have been brought to justice. Financial Accounting? Five African migrants were convicted and speech on terrorism for school in urdu sentenced in late January in expedited trials for incidents during the riot after the first two drive-by shootings. Anti-migrant discourse has become a staple of Italian politics, with elected officials making statements linking migrants to crime. This has exacerbated an existing climate of hostility, prompted in part by several high profile murders and rapes attributed to foreigners. Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi said in January 2010 that fewer foreigners in financial, Italy “means fewer people to swell the ranks of criminals,” while the mayor of speech, Milan said in May 2010 that “illegal immigrants who don’t have regular work usually commit crimes.” Elected officials at the local and accounting examples national level have engaged in derogatory rhetoric about Roma (many of whom are Italian citizens) and Romanians, blaming them for crime and Professional Professionals Essay urban blight. Human Rights Watch recommends that the accounting examples Italian government: Ensure existing criminal provisions that provide for penalty enhancement in racially-motivated crimes are utilized and speech for school in urdu fully implemented. Ensure that attacks on migrants, Roma, and examples other ethnic minorities are promptly investigated by law enforcement and those responsible are brought to justice.

Condemn forcefully and consistently all racist and amy tan essays xenophobic statements, especially by public and elected officials, and make clear that racist discourse has no place in Italian society. Since 2005, up to financial accounting examples 3 million Zimbabweans have fled political persecution and economic collapse in their country and sought refuge and economic opportunities in Global Economy:, neighboring South Africa. Accounting? In 2008 and 2009, 261,000 claimed asylum, overwhelming an asylum system which already faced a backlog of just over Essay Global Economy:, 100,000 cases. Responding to international calls to grant Zimbabweans in South Africa temporary special protection, South African authorities in April 2009 announced a “special dispensation” policy under which Zimbabweans would receive special permission to financial remain and work in South Africa. Amy Tan Essays? While the accounting examples policy was never implemented, South Africa stopped deporting Zimbabweans that same month, ending a practice that had seen over an estimated half-a-million Zimbabweans forced back to their country since early 2007. On September 2, 2010, due to perceived improvements in the situation in Zimbabwe, South African authorities announced an end to the special dispensation policy, and confirmed deportations would resume on January 1, 2011. However, the September 2 decision allows Zimbabweans (asylum seekers, the undocumented, and those with fraudulent South African identity papers) currently working, studying, or operating a business in South Africa to regularize their status by on Stalin, December 31, 2010.

To qualify, applicants must hold a Zimbabwean passport, which they can obtain from accounting Zimbabwean authorities in amy tan essays, South Africa, and accounting prove they have been in Bush Essays, the country since at least May 31, 2010. Human Rights Watch and other organizations have voiced concern that four months is insufficient time to ensure that all Zimbabweans wishing to apply can do so, and accounting that those who miss the deadline will be caught up in South Africa’s likely resumption of mass deportations of Zimbabweans in early 2011. Impact on on terrorism in urdu, Asylum System and financial Genuine Refugees. Human Rights Watch is also concerned that lack of additional resources for eldon tropicals the asylum system and inadequate safeguards against police abuses means resumed deportations of Zimbabweans will lead to more violations of examples, asylum seekers’ rights. Once deportations have resumed, Zimbabweans will have only two options to lawfully enter and remain in South Africa: apply for asylum, or apply for Professional of Nursing Professionals a temporary residence permit under the accounting Immigration Rules’ work, study, and business provisions. The majority who wish to enter or remain in South Africa will be unable to apply for such a residency permit due to a combination of permit fees, lack of skills, lack of Zimbabwean identity documents, and lack of sponsorship by South African employers or educational institutions.

For most Zimbabweans, the only way to remain legally in South Africa will be to claim asylum, which guarantees them a right to remain in the country until the claim has been resolved. In 2011, therefore, there is likely to be a significant rise in Zimbabwean asylum applications. South Africa’s asylum system—already buckling under the strain of hundreds of thousands of Development, Zimbabweans’ claims and tens of thousands of claims by other nationalities—will be under further pressure. As documented in our June 2008 report, “Neighbors in Need,” this will almost certainly lead to even less access to the asylum system, resulting in police arrests, prolonged detention, unlawful deportation of genuine refugees, and a drop in the quality and timeliness of decisions for asylum seekers in financial examples, genuine need of international protection. Recommendations to the South African government: Extend the for school in urdu deadline for Zimbabweans to financial examples register in eldon tropicals, South Africa until at least June 1, 2011, to ensure that those wishing to apply have enough time to do so; support the Zimbabwean authorities in South Africa to rapidly issue passports to all Zimbabweans wishing to register. In light of the likely dramatic increase in accounting, Zimbabwean asylum applications following resumed deportations, take all necessary steps to ensure that anyone wishing to claim asylum in South Africa can easily lodge their claim and is guaranteed protection from police arrest, detention, and deportation. Federal reforms to Professional the laws that regulate which migrants may enter and financial examples remain in Economy:, the US mostly stalled in 2010. Instead, constituent states considered problematic immigration laws.

An Arizona law, SB 1070, authorized police to interrogate anyone who they reasonably suspect to accounting be undocumented. Amy Tan Essays? Human Rights Watch opposed SB 1070, concerned that it would lead to racial profiling. Financial Accounting? In July a federal court enjoined enforcement of the most controversial sections of SB 1070, including the “reasonable suspicion” interrogations. The court’s decision is under appeal. October 2010 marked one year since the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE) published a report calling for replacing the current punitive approach to detaining immigrants with a “civil detention model.” The agency has been working on programmatic steps to achieve that goal. In 2010, it took the positive step of establishing a computerized detainee locator system, enabling attorneys, government officials, and family members to locate an immigrant held in one of around 300 detention facilities throughout the country. However, several other key reforms that Human Rights Watch has called for based on Essay on Stalin, its research are stalled or need additional effort by the agency. Aspects of immigration detention procedures needing prompt reform include:

While the financial accounting examples ICE detainee locator system is an important first step, much more needs to be done to ensure that ICE uses its detention facilities only as necessary. In 2009, ICE held between 380,000 and 442,000 people in approximately 300 facilities, at an annual cost of US$1.7 billion. These people are not imprisoned as punishment for criminal offenses, but rather are detained for civil immigration violations. Essay? Many are deprived of accounting examples, their liberty for months, and Essay even years. Treatment of Detainees with Mental Disabilities.

Immigrants with mental disabilities are often unjustifiably detained for years, sometimes indefinitely. Accounting Examples? They also must undergo deportation hearings without the right to a government-appointed attorney, which means approximately 60 percent go through court hearings without a lawyer. Human Rights Watch has documented numerous cases in which people with mental disabilities were prevented from eldon tropicals making claims against deportation—including claims of US citizenship—because they were unable to represent themselves. Financial? Some people interviewed by Human Rights Watch did not know their own names, were delusional, could not tell the time, or did not know that deportation meant removal from the United States. Sexual Violence against Female Detainees. Human Rights Watch has compiled documented incidents and allegations of sexual assault, abuse, and harassment in immigration detention since the formation of ICE in 2003. In one such incident, five women detained at the Port Isabel Service Processing Center in Texas were assaulted by a guard in of Nursing, 2008 when he entered each of their rooms in the detention center infirmary where they were patients. He ordered them to undress and touched intimate parts of financial accounting, their bodies.

While ICE has taken some steps to address the problem of sexual assault, including proposing new requirements for how detention facilities must prevent and respond to sexual abuse, the agency should act swiftly to improve oversight of the entire detention system and ensure accountability. On February 22, ICE wrote to Human Rights Watch, announcing the agency's intention to “minimize the Economy: Japan number of detainee transfers to the greatest extent possible.” This important commitment came after Human Rights Watch raised serious concerns about ICE's policy of transferring large numbers of immigrant detainees to facilities far from where they lived. The transfers impede and sometimes completely bar detainees from accessing an financial accounting, attorney and interfere with detainees' ability to present key witnesses and evidence in Essay Global Economy: Japan, immigration court. Sometimes transfers completely alter the law applied to their deportation or asylum case, for example, the act of accounting examples, sending a detainee from one jurisdiction to another can determine whether she may ask an on Stalin, immigration judge to allow her to examples remain in the United States. In light of the 1.6 million detainee transfers recorded between 1997 and 2006, and data from amy tan essays 2008 that show that a majority of detainees were transferred two or more times, ICE’s statement of intention is a positive step.

However, it needs to make specific changes to its internal policies to address this serious problem. Human Rights Watch recommends that the US government: Ensure that immigrants are not detained unnecessarily, with particular attention to preventing the detention of persons with mental disabilities without justification, and provide appointed counsel for non-citizens with mental disabilities in financial accounting, immigration proceedings. Establish legally enforceable standards to govern conditions of detention, including access to medical care; reform policies to limit the transfer of detainees away from Professional Development of Nursing Professionals counsel and family; and improve accountability and oversight mechanisms in the detention system to prevent and respond to abuses. Reform federal immigration law to ensure that all migrants’ human rights are protected even while their presence in the United States is strictly regulated. In Cote d'Ivoire, as elsewhere in West Africa, women and financial accounting girls are trafficked from Global Japan Nigeria for forced prostitution. Most appear to come from Delta and Edo states in Nigeria and are lured into migrating with promises of gainful employment in examples, West Africa or Europe. Instead, they are forced to pay off an exorbitant debt through prostitution, with threats of harm by women overseeing the brothels should they fail to do so.

The problem appears to be rising, with the Nigerian embassy repatriating scores of victims this year alone. Cote d’Ivoire has failed to ratify the UN Trafficking Protocol and likewise has no domestic legislation against trafficking, resulting in serious legislative deficiencies to tackle the problem. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Cote d’Ivoire: Sign and ratify the UN Trafficking Protocol, and pass a domestic anti-trafficking law that provides a framework for combating trafficking, including trafficking for eldon tropicals the purpose of prostitution, in accordance with international standards. Conduct a thorough and comprehensive national investigation into accounting examples the trafficking of West African women and girls for the purposes of speech, prostitution, in order to examples determine the scale of the problem, the on terrorism for school in urdu main trafficking routes, and the conditions and threats under which the financial women and girls live. Under the eldon tropicals current domestic legal framework, arrest and prosecute those engaged in recruiting children for financial examples prostitution and Global Economy: Japan those who force women and girls into prostitution. More than two million migrant domestic workers are employed in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait and are at high risk of abuse and exploitation due to gaps in labor laws and restrictive immigration practices. The combination of deceptive recruitment practices in home countries, indebtedness due to placement fees, confinement to the workplace upon employment, withholding of financial examples, passports, and eldon tropicals abuses summarized earlier in this report, can contribute to situations of forced labor, trafficking, and slavery-like conditions. In May 2010, the Nepalese embassy in Riyadh confirmed several cases in which Kuwaiti employers hired Nepalese domestic workers, illegally transported them to financial accounting examples Saudi Arabia against on terrorism for school in urdu, their will, and forced them to work for Saudi families. Examples? The Saudi families typically paid the Kuwaitis fees for trafficking the workers, and when finished employing them, often abandoned them at Essay DBQ the Nepalese embassy to avoid paying fines for illegal hiring. Although many of the Nepalese women arriving at the embassy appeared to have suffered abuse, including sexual abuse, diplomats said that Saudi authorities, while typically facilitating repatriation of examples, these domestic workers, did not provide them with specialized services or investigate the Saudi employers who illegally employed or abused them.

Saudi Arabia passed an anti-trafficking law in July 2009. The law prohibits all forms of trafficking, and includes specific provisions addressing migrant workers, including prohibiting sale of work permits, receiving commissions in return for employment, and stiffer penalties if the crime was committed across national borders. The Kuwaiti parliament is Bush Pilots considering a draft of an anti-trafficking law, first proposed in July 2008, that would also punish trafficking across borders. Human Rights Watch recommends that the governments of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia: Cooperate to prevent, monitor, and prosecute cases of cross-border trafficking of migrants. Institute and enforce comprehensive legal frameworks to accounting examples combat human trafficking, including implementation of Saudi Arabia’s anti-trafficking law, adoption of Development of Nursing Professionals Essay, such a law by Kuwait, and accounting examples reforms to Development of Nursing Professionals labor and immigration laws. Provide specialized services to victims of trafficking including appropriate health and financial accounting examples counseling services. In Senegal, at least 50,000 young boys live in conditions that amount to amy tan essays a modern form of financial accounting, slavery. They generally come from small villages and are sent by parents to cities around Senegal to study the Quran. However, many of the men who operate these residential schools offer little education and instead force the boys to beg for up to ten hours a day.

The boys must return a daily demanded sum or face severe physical abuse. While the boys suffer from malnutrition and frequent diseases, many of the teachers live in relative affluence. Many boys are trafficked internally within Senegal or from neighboring Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, the Gambia, Mali, and Mauritania. In 2005, Senegal passed a law that criminalized trafficking and Development of Nursing forcing another person to beg for financial accounting financial gain; in on Stalin DBQ, September 2010, one month after President Abdoulaye Wade announced a ban on financial accounting examples, all forms of begging, the country applied the law for the first time, arresting and prosecuting nine men who were exploiting young boys under their de facto guardianship through forced begging. Amy Tan Essays? It was considered a landmark case by accounting, local and international organizations working on the issue, and the number of boys on the streets in Dakar clearly reduced given the legitimate threat of eldon tropicals, prosecution.

However, only a month later President Wade reversed course and announced that the ban on begging would no longer be applied—and the number of accounting examples, boys forced to on terrorism in urdu beg on the street appeared to return to its previous ubiquity. As of October 2010, Guinea-Bissau, the neighboring country that sends the greatest number of these young boys to Senegal, had no law against trafficking. However, a draft law that would bring the country's legislation in line with international obligations is set to financial accounting appear before the National Assembly in early 2011. Border officials, children's rights workers, and police said the law was essential to stem the flood of boys who are taken across the border each year to be exploited in Senegal. Guinea-Bissau’s National Assembly should act quickly to pass a law criminalizing human trafficking.

The draft law, which the Assembly recently placed on eldon tropicals, its agenda for its October-November session, would empower police, judicial officials, and civil society to improve protection of the country’s children, thousands of whom are trafficked from Guinea-Bissau to Senegal and financial other countries each year. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Senegal: Resume prosecutions of those who traffic and abuse boys through forced begging. In particular, undertake proactive police work to target the most exploitative teachers, and extend the state's crackdown on forced begging to other cities in Senegal. Strengthen and expand the mechanisms in Essay, place to temporarily house, clothe, and feed boys recovered from abusive Quranic schools, and to return them to their families. Financial Accounting? Establish minimum standards in Bush Essays, Quranic schools that protect a child's right to education, health, and physical and mental development, and require all such schools to be registered and periodically inspected by state officials to financial ensure they conform to such standards. Human Rights Watch recommends that the Bush Pilots government of accounting, Guinea-Bissau: Immediately enact the draft legislation that criminalizes child trafficking, and enforce its provisions through the arrest and prosecution of individuals who traffic boys to Senegal under the Development of Nursing Professionals guise of religious education. Increase the capacity of civil and border police units, particularly in the Bafata and Gabu regions, to deter child trafficking and other illegal cross-border movements of children. Nisha Varia, senior researcher in the women’s rights division, coordinated the compilation and publication of this report. The contents are based on the field research and writing of several Human Rights Watch staff: Jane Buchanan, Zama Coursen-Neff, Corinne Dufka, Bill Frelick, Nadim Houry, Megan McLemore, Sarah Mehta, Heba Morayef, Priyanka Motaparthy, Samer Muscati, Alison Parker, Meghan Rhoad, Phil Robertson, Rebecca Shaeffer, Gerry Simpson, Judith Sunderland, Katherine Todrys, Simone Troller, Nisha Varia, Matt Wells, and Christoph Wilcke.

The findings on Zambia are based on joint field research by Human Rights Watch and Nyaradzo Chari-Imbayago of the AIDS and accounting Rights Alliance for Southern Africa, Chris Mumba of the Treatment Advocacy and Literacy Campaign, and Godfrey Malembeka of the Prisons Care and Counselling Association. Janet Walsh, deputy director in eldon tropicals, the women’s rights division, Bill Frelick, director of the refugee program, and Danielle Haas in the program office reviewed the report. Accounting? Clive Baldwin, Aisling Reidy, and James Ross, all from the legal and policy office, provided legal review. Daniela Ramirez provided editing and production assistance, and Grace Choi and Fitzroy Hepkins provided production assistance. Human Rights Watch Reports on Migrants in 2010. Human Rights Watch, From the Tiger to the Crocodile: Abuse of speech in urdu, Migrant Workers in Thailand , February 23, 2010,

Human Rights Watch, “Off the Backs of the Children”: Forced Begging and Other Abuses against Talibes in financial examples, Senegal , April 15, 2010, Human Rights Watch,Prisons Care and Counselling Association, AIDS and Rights Alliance for Southern Africa, and Human Rights Watch, Unjust and Unhealthy: HIV, TB, and Abuse in Zambian Prisons , April 27, 2010, Human Rights Watch, Slow Reform: Protection of Migrant Domestic Workers in Asia and the Middle East , April 28, 2010, Human Rights Watch, Eternal Emergency: No End to Unaccompanied Migrant Children’s Institutionalization in Canary Islands Emergency Centers , June 22, 2010, Human Rights Watch, “Tough, Fair, and Practical”: A Human Rights Framework for Immigration Reform in the United States , July 9, 2010, Human Rights Watch, “Hellish Work”: Exploitation of Migrant Tobacco Workers in Kazakhstan , July 14, 2010, Human Rights Watch, Deportation by Default: Mental Disability, Unfair Hearings, and Indefinite Detention in the US Immigration System , July, 26 2010, Human Rights Watch, Without Protection: How the Essay on Stalin Lebanese Justice System Fails Migrant Domestic Workers , September 16, 2010, Human Rights Watch, Walls at Every Turn: Exploitation of Migrant Domestic Workers Through Kuwait's Sponsorship System , October 6, 2010, Human Rights Watch, Ukraine: Buffeted in the Borderland: The Treatment of Asylum Seekers and Migrants in Ukraine (forthcoming December 2010). Other Human Rights Watch Materials on Migrants in 2010.

“Human Rights Watch Interviews with African Migrants Seriously Injured in Individual Attacks,” Human Rights Watch interviews, February 4, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch to financial examples The Honorable Prime Minister, Mr. Bush Essays? Abhisit Vejjajiva, “ Open Letter of Concern for the Safety and Security Of Migrant Workers in financial examples, Thailand,” February 16, 2010, “Thailand: Migrant Workers Face Killings, Extortion, Labor Rights Abuses,” Human Rights Watch news release, February 23, 2010, Letter from amy tan essays Human Rights Watch to the Lebanese government voicing concern over migrant and refugee arbitrary detentions, February 24, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch to financial accounting the Government of Greece on on terrorism for school in urdu, Reform of the Asylum and Immigration System, April 28, 2010, “Kuwait: Deliver Promised Rights Reform,” Human Rights Watch news release, May 12, 2010, “US/Mexico: Investigate Border Killings,” Human Rights Watch news release, June 11, 2010, “US/Mexico: Investigate Border Killings,” Human Rights Watch news release, June 11, 2010, “Libya: Do Not Deport Eritreans,” Human Rights Watch news release, July 2, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch to The Honorable Prime Minister, Mr. Abhisit Vejjajiva, “Open Letter Requesting Investigation of financial, Claims Migrants Deported from Thailand Facing Human Rights Abuses by DKBA,” July 19, 2010, Letter from Bush Essays Human Rights Watch, to Mr.

Michalis Chryssochoidis, Minister of Citizen Protection, “ Open Letter to the Government of Greece on Reform of the Asylum and Immigration System,” July 28, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch to H.E. Dr. Khalid al-Karaki, Deputy Prime Minister and financial accounting examples Minister of Education, “ Undocumented Migrant Children’s Right to Education, Human Rights Watch Letter to Jordanian Minister of Education,” September 9, 2010. Letter from Human Rights Watch to the Governments of Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, and Essay on Stalin DBQ Sri Lanka, “Prevent Abuses Against Migrant Domestic Workers, Human Rights Watch Letter to the Governments of Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka,” November 23, 2010, “Greece: End Inhumane Detention Conditions for Migrants,” Human Rights Watch news release, December 6, 2010 , Global: Flawed Policies Expose Migrants to Abuse.

Iran: Afghan Children Recruited to Fight in Syria. Jordan: Syrian Refugees Being Summarily Deported. Syria: First Atrocities Trials Held in Europe. Saudi Arabia: Domestic Worker Brutalized. UN Human Rights Council Confronts Venezuela. Witness to Carnage in Burma’s Rakhine State. Burma: Military Commits Crimes Against Humanity.

Burma: Satellite Imagery Shows Mass Destruction. Burma: Targeted Sanctions, Arms Embargo Needed. Crimes against Humanity by Burmese Security Forces Against the Rohingya Muslim Population in Northern Rakhine State since August 25, 2017. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of financial, people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to Bush Pilots Essays justice.

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7 Famous People Who Secretly Have Shockingly Bad Resumes. If we've ever made you laugh or think, we now have a way where you can thank and support us! No artist comes slip'n sliding out of the womb ready to create masterpieces. Financial Examples? Creating anything is hit and Essays, miss -- for every amazing work, that same artist likely has ten pieces of crap that they'd happily see blasted into the Sun. For example . William Peter Blatty is best known as the writer of financial accounting examples The Exorcist -- both the novel and eldon tropicals, the movie it was adapted into. The Exorcist is still considered one of the scariest films of all time. It's a pop culture legend that modern horror, with its porn-grade found footage and cheap jump scares, can only aspire to. The face that launched a million shit-filled underoos. Blatty, despite a critical reception in horror that Stephen King can only envy, was never a horror writer.

His specialty was in fact comedy. His career trajectory is examples like if Louis C.K. Bush Pilots Essays? wrote A Nightmare On Elm Street . Financial Accounting Examples? Before The Exorcist , Blatty wrote several screenplays for comedy director Blake Edwards. Utilizing Blatty's comedic prowess, Edwards was eventually given the reins to Pilots Essays, The Pink Panther , a legendary film that helped define the career of Peter Sellers. Central Press/Hulton Archive/Getty Images. Though not always in ways his family brags about at accounting parties. Blatty wasn't involved in the original Pink Panther , but the Global Japan movie was such a success that Sellers demanded that Blake Edwards be involved in his next film, A Shot In The Dark , and Edwards brought his comedy mentor Blatty along with him. Originally, this was not a Pink Panther movie, but Blatty decided that they should make the script into a sequel to The Pink Panther , and wrote it up as such. Financial Accounting Examples? And he's damn proud of his work. To this day, Blatty prefers to Pilots Essays, be remembered as the writer of The Pink Panther 2 than for what's arguably the best horror movie of all time. Chris Weeks/Hulton Archive/Getty Images. *sigh* Another day, another hundred fanmails about my mother sucking cocks in Hell. Examples? Warner Bros.

Television. Hate him or . Speech On Terrorism For School? hate him even more, Chuck Lorre is behind several of the most successful sitcoms of the last decade. If you've ever endured an accounting examples episode of The Big Bang Theory , Two And A Half Men , Dharma Greg , Grace Under Fire , or Mike Molly , then you're familiar with his work. Vince Bucci/Getty Images Entertainment/Getty Images. He's had the coveted easily-entertained people who died 70 years ago demographic nailed down for years.

But even if you avoid anything with a laugh track, you still know his work. Just like Charlie Sheen's character in Two And A Half Men , Chuck Lorre moonlighted as a jingle writer. Essay Global Japan? His most famous creation? Have fun humming this, and only this, for the next month. Back in 1987, Lorre auditioned to write the financial accounting examples theme song for Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles . He was overlooked at first, because the band the Turtles (of Happy Together fame), also wanted the for school in urdu job. Financial Examples? When the Turtles failed to produce anything by the deadline, the studio called Lorre and asked if he could come up with something catchy and lasting . in 48 hours. David Livingston/Getty Images Entertainment/Getty Images. Essay On Stalin DBQ? Leonardo leads, Donatello . cleans latrines?

Breaks his spleen? Gets gangrene? This is hard. Lorre rented a cheap overnight recording studio and went to work. Accounting Examples? What he came up with may not be on par with Beethoven's Fifth, but let's face it: You can't remember your own social security number, but you still know exactly when to scream turtle power! Chris Carter is the Pilots Essays man responsible for financial, every chill-inducing episode of The X-Files , as well as two X-Files spinoff series, two feature films based on eldon tropicals, The X-Files , and financial, . well, two other TV series that were both quickly cancelled. But The X-Files was so good!

Carter was born to create sci-fi / horror / mystery / whatever-the-hell-that-episode-with-the-inbred-hillbillies-was-about. It's about on Stalin creating a family dumb enough to examples, think 'super soldiers' was a good plot idea. What kind of spine-chilling projects did Carter work on before he hit his magnum opus? Here you go: Honestly, the incestuous rednecks breeding their quadruple-amputee mother was less creepy. Chris Carter wrote for Disney, and Development of Nursing Professionals Essay, worked on several decidedly un-spooky kids' programs like Rags To Riches (the source of financial accounting examples that almost overwhelmingly '80s clip above), as well as Walt Disney's Wonderful World Of Color and a TV movie called Meet The Munceys . Try to watch this clip with the on terrorism for school in urdu X-Files theme in your head: Directed by The Crack-Cocaine-Smoking Man.

Carter finally worked up the nerve to pitch his own pilot to Disney, which was called The Nanny . (Not the Fran Drescher nightmare; even he's not that twisted.) We don't know what it was about, but we can presume that whatever the accounting examples X-Files guy had in mind wasn't exactly Disney's cup of eldon tropicals tea, because they passed on it. Soon after that, Carter pitched another show to Fox, this one about financial accounting examples two FBI agents battling aliens and their own awkward, sweaty sexual tension. Essay Economy: Japan? The rest is TV history. Filmmaker J.J. Examples? Abrams rocketed from obscurity into fame in the early 2000s as the on terrorism for school in urdu creator of the TV series Felicity , Alias , and financial examples, Lost . He followed those with the films Mission: Impossible III and Super 8 , and was ultimately given the helm of the Star Trek reboot and then the upcoming new Star Wars film, which is like coaching the Red Sox and the Yankees at the same time. If you graphed his career trajectory, it would look like an upright hockey stick. Michael Buckner/Getty Images Entertainment/Getty Images.

Or a lightsaber powered less by the Force and more by pure cash. Development Of Nursing Professionals? No one bats a thousand. And so, in between creating genre-defining blockbusters, Abrams wrote a film starring Joe Pesci and Danny Glover. No, we're not talking about Lethal Weapon 2 . We're talking about Gone Fishin' . He was too old for this shit by the first day of financial accounting filming. Don't remember it? You're among the lucky.

The movie opened alongside The Lost World: Jurassic Park , and settled on a Rotten Tomatoes score of four percent. Leonard Maltin gave it his worst possible score, saying simply, This film really smells. Pilots Essays? In terms of critical response, it holds an exalted position beside Jack And Jill , M. Night Shyamalan's later work, and the Star Wars Christmas Special . Gone Fishin' Pesci earns a criminal record way earlier than Goodfellas Pesci, though. Financial Accounting? So there's that. Luckily, it seems like Abrams learns well from his mistakes.

But still, maybe we should all prepare for an Ewok singalong come 2016. Charlie Kaufman is best known for his quirky, cerebral comedies like Being John Malkovich , Eternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind , Confessions Of A Dangerous Mind , and amy tan essays, Adaptation . Examples? If Liberal Studies majors bothered to own a TV (and stopped telling you about that fact long enough to speech for school in urdu, watch a movie), Charlie Kaufman would be their favorite screenplay writer. Kevin Winter/Getty Images Entertainment/Getty Images. This despite looking like a makeup-free Pennywise whenever he shaves. Financial Examples? Kaufman started his career on the mostly-forgotten vanity project of one of amy tan essays comedy's most swept-under-the-rug personalities: Dana Carvey. In 1996, Charlie Kaufman was brought on financial accounting, board The Dana Carvey Show and Pilots Essays, wrote some material for it, though whatever edgy and subversive sketches he might have created are unfortunately lost to history.

The show opened with a sketch featuring Carvey as Bill Clinton breastfeeding a litter of puppies, and so was understandably shitcanned after seven episodes. Which is like one episode in financial accounting examples, terrible human comedy years. Essay? Still, the show buffed the resumes of several entertainers who have enjoyed much more enduring careers than the ill-fated Carvey. Alongside Kaufman, the examples staff included Robert Smigel, Louis C.K., Steve Carell, and speech on terrorism for school, Stephen Colbert, as well as folks who went on to create 30 Rock and Community . Apparently, Dana Carvey was the idol who needed to be sacrificed in order to financial accounting, create the comedy of our era. Bush Pilots Essays? Fox Searchlight Pictures.

John Ridley adapted the financial examples script of Essay Global Japan 12 Years A Slave from the 1853 memoir of the same name by Solomon Northup. The film tells the true story of Northup being kidnapped and forced into slavery for the aforementioned 12 years. It won the Oscar for Best Picture in 2014, and is right up there with Schindler's List in the all-time greatest movies about financial accounting horrific, depressingly awful stuff that it's impossible to make jokes about. DBQ? Fox Searchlight Pictures. Fifteen hours of staring and crying later, we're still no closer to a punchline. Before 12 Years A Slave , Ridley worked on The Fresh Prince Of Bel-Air . We're not going to financial, trash-talk the epic saga of amy tan essays Will Smith's cross-country journey of redemption, but it ain't no 12 Years A Slave . The theme persists: Ridley was also a writer for 2005's short-lived TV series Barbershop and the 2002 blaxploitation spoof Undercover Brother . Financial Accounting? It stars Deuce Bigalow and Development Professionals Essay, Deuce Bigalow 2 star Eddie Griffin. He's undercover, and he's a brother. And it's considered to be . Financial Accounting Examples? actually not that awful.

But you'd assume that a tortuously gritty pre-Civil-War-era slave drama wouldn't even mingle with an afro-sporting Blaxploitation parody and Professional Development Professionals, a Hypercolor-sporting sitcom -- much less have come from the same place. A place where white people can go fuck themselves, certainly. Financial Examples? John Hughes is 1980s comedy. He either directed or wrote National Lampoon's Vacation , Ferris Bueller's Day Off , Weird Science , and on Stalin, Home Alone , as well as many others. Financial Accounting Examples? In short, if it had a stupid haircut and on Stalin DBQ, you laughed at it, John Hughes probably did it. Paul Natkin/WireImage/Getty Images.

A screenwriter named Edmond Dantes achieved fame in 1992 for the dog-themed family comedy Beethoven , and accounting examples, followed up with the Owen Wilson movie Drillbit Taylor and the Jennifer Lopez romantic comedy Maid In Manhattan . In a world where we're supposed to Global Economy:, pretend Jennifer Lopez is examples plain and dumpy . What does Dantes have to do with John Hughes? Were they partners or something? Nope: The Shyamalanic twist is that they were the same person all along. Hughes wrote a shitload of scripts in his life, and Professional Professionals, not all of financial them were up to par. Amy Tan Essays? But that didn't stop him from financial accounting examples, selling them. For those screenplays that he didn't think were quite good enough for the Hughes legacy, but not unprofitable enough to seal in a locked container away from prying eyes forever, he used the Essay on Stalin DBQ pseudonym Edmond Dantes, named after the main character of The Count Of Monte Cristo . Holy shit, was Beethoven John Hughes' revenge on the world for outgrowing his '80s comedies? He should've killed the monster when he had the chance. Be sure to follow us on financial accounting, Facebook and YouTube, where you can catch all our video content, such as Why The Most Overused Joke In Movies Needs To Be Retired and other videos you won't see on the site! If we've ever made you laugh or think, we now have a way where you can thank and support us!

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edith stein essays An evolution which was sensed in advance by some, wanted and worked for by few, and financial examples one which surprised most people entirely, has torn women out of the amy tan essays, well enclosed realm of the financial accounting, home and out of a matter-of-course kind of life and has suddenly plunged them into the most manifold alien situations and undreamt of problems. We have been thrown into the river, and we must swim. But when our strength threatens to give out, we try to reach at least the eldon tropicals, shore for safety. Financial Examples? We would like to on terrorism think through the financial accounting examples, question of whether we should go on; and if we should go on, what we should do so that we will not drown. We would like to scrutinize the direction of the current by on Stalin, taking into account, one against the other, its strength and our own powers and possibilities of movement. It would now be feasible to take under consideration the following. We are trying to attain insight into the innermost recesses of our being; we see that it is not a completed being but rather a being in the state of becoming, and we are trying to examples achieve clarity relative to that process. Our being, our becoming, does not remain enclosed within its own confines; but rather in extending itself, fulfills itself.

However, all of DBQ our being and becoming and acting in time is ordered from eternity, has a meaning for eternity, and only becomes clear to us if and insofar as we put it in the light of eternity. Can we speak in general terms of the soul of woman? Every human soul is financial examples, unique, no one soul is the same as any other. How can we then speak of the soul in DBQ, general? But speculation concerning the soul usually considers the soul of the human being in general, not this one or that one. It establishes universal traits and laws; and, even when, as in Differential Psychology, it aims at financial accounting differences, it is general types which it depicts rather than individual ones: the soul of the child, of the adolescent, of the adult, the soul of the worker, the on Stalin, artist, etc.; so it is with the soul of man and of woman. And to those who have reflected on the potentiality of science, the understanding of the individual appears ever more problematic than that of the general species. But even if we intend to disregard individualities, is there then one type of woman?

Is there something in common to be discovered in the prototype of woman as seen in Schiller's Glocke or Chamisso's Frauenliebe und-leben, and in the images which Zola, Strindberg and Wedekind paint for us? Can the complete multiplicity which we meet with in life be reduced to a single unity, and can this unity be distinguished from financial accounting, man's soul? This is not the place to provide philosophical proof that there is something in the range of the existent which we can denote as species, woman's soul, and that there is a specific cognitive function which is able to perceive it. Therefore, it will perhaps be more intelligible if we do not begin by outlining this general image of the species but rather sketch a series of types as different as possible one from the other, and then attempt to discover if we can find a general species in them. Since it is through poetry that the amy tan essays, soul is financial examples, most adequately described, I shall now analyze types taken from literary works to which I ascribe a particular symbolic value. Take for example the character Ingunn Steinfinnstochter from Sigrid Undset's Olaf Audunssohn.

The novel leads us into a far remote past and into a distant country, a completely alien civilization. Ingunn grows up free and Pilots unshackled in accounting examples, a medieval Nordic manor. She has been betrothed since childhood to Olaf, who is practically her foster brother. She roams freely with him and his comrades; she has no regulated activity, no exterior or interior discipline of the will. The children look to each other for support because they have no other. Cravings awaken in them when they are fifteen and sixteen years old; they succumb to temptation at the first opportunity. From that time on, Ingunn's entire life is amy tan essays, one of insatiable longing. She and Olaf consider themselves insolubly bound to each other according to ecclesiastical law. But the accounting examples, family opposes the marriage, and they become separated for Essay years.

The life of the young man is filled with battles, various experiences, and aspirations in distant lands. The girl seeks compensation for her lost happiness in dreams; at times, crises of examples hysteria compel her to halt all exterior activity. She yields to a seducer although she yearns only for Olaf. However, realization of amy tan essays her fall breaks into this somber psychic existence like a supernatural light; and she rouses herself with astounding strength and severs the sinful relationship. Olaf, returned home, is unwilling to financial accounting break the amy tan essays, sacred bond which unites them simply because of her confessed guilt. He takes her as wife to his manor and rears her illegitimate son as his heir. Accounting? But the desired happiness does not come as yet. Bush Pilots? Ingunn is depressed through the consciousness of her guilt, and financial examples she gives birth to one dead child after another. But the more she considers herself to be a source of misfortune for her husband, the more she clings to him; and the more vehemently does she crave further proofs of his love. And although she wastes away in this life, consuming his strength as well, Olaf yields as he has always yielded to for school in urdu her.

For years she endures uncomplainingly her ill health; she silently accepts it as expiation. Olaf realizes only at the immediate end that the soul of accounting examples Ingunn possesses something other than the somber, animal-like dependence. He realizes that it possesses a divine spark which lacked only eldon tropicals support and financial examples a conception of a higher world; this world had not attained sufficient clarity to be of influence on her life. All too literally he has complied with the word of the Apostle: Husbands must love their wives as they love their own bodies (Eph. 5:28).

And because of this, two lives have been ruined. As in other works of Sigrid Undset, the two worlds, or actually prehistoric worlds, stand in firm opposition: the gloomy, instinctive world of Development Essay primordial chaos, and that of God's spirit hovering over creation. The soul of Ingunn, this child of nature, is like land untouched by the plough. There are potent seeds of germinating power therein, and life in them is stirred into tremulous motion through the ray of light which comes from the other side of the clouds. But it would be necessary that the financial examples, gross clods be cultivated in order for the light to penetrate to the seeds. Ibsen's Nora is no child of on terrorism for school nature; she has grown up rather in the milieu of modern culture. Financial Accounting Examples? Her mind is alert even if it is just as little trained methodically as is her will. She was the eldon tropicals, darling doll of her father, and now she is her husband's darling doll just as her children are her dolls. With cutting criticism, she says this herself when her eyes have been opened.

The spoiled child is faced with decisions for financial examples which she is in Global Japan, no way prepared. Financial? Her husband becomes severely ill, and means are lacking for the trip which can save him. She cannot ask her father for help because he is also ill. Eldon Tropicals? So she endorses a note herself with his name as co-signer. Her conscience is not troubled by this—actually, she is proud of the deed to which her husband owes his convalescence. She hides her action from the scrupulous lawyer, knowing well that he would not sanction it. But when the creditor is driven to extremes by his own need and financial examples threatens exposure, it is not fear of her husband's censure which causes her despairing decision to eldon tropicals flee. Financial Accounting Examples? She both fears and hopes that now the on terrorism in urdu, miracle will occur—her husband will take her guilt upon himself in his great love.

But it happens quite differently. Robert Helmer has only condemnation for his wife; he considers that she is no longer worthy of raising his children. Nora recognizes herself and him for what they are in the disillusionment of this moment, that the hollowness of their life together does not deserve the name of marriage. Financial Accounting? And when the danger of social scandal is eldon tropicals, removed, when he graciously would like to forgive everything and re-establish their life again, she cannot accept his pardon. She knows that before she is able to try again to be wife and mother, she must first become a person. Certainly, Robert Helmer would also have to develop from the social figure into accounting a human being in order that their joint life might become a marriage. In Goethe's Iphigenie, a bizarre decree tore Iphigenie in early youth from the Essay on Stalin, circle of her beloved family and accounting examples led her to a strange, barbarian people. The hand of the gods delivered her from certain death for holy service in the quiet of the temple. The mysterious priestess is Essay, honored like a saint. But she is unhappy here.

She yearns always for return to her home. She firmly declines the king's courtship in order not to cut herself off from this return. The country has had a custom whose force has been formally rescinded by her exertions; now, in accordance with this old custom, she must as punishment sacrifice two strangers who have just been found on the shore. They are Greeks, one of them her brother. Financial Examples? Her longing to see one of her own once again is fulfilled. But he is defiled by matricide, agonized by remorse to the point of madness. On Terrorism? He is destined for death at her hand.

The old curse of her house, from which she appeared until now to financial be free, threatens to amy tan essays be fulfilled in financial examples, her also. Faced with the choice whether to save her brother, his friend, and herself through lies and deceit or to abandon all of them to ruin, she first believes that she must choose the lesser evil. But her pure soul is not able to bear untruthfulness and breach of trust; she defends herself against these as does a healthy nature against germs of fatal disease. DBQ? Trusting in the veracity of the gods and the nobility of the king, she reveals her plan of flight to him and receives as reward the lives of those endangered and her return home. Her brother is already healed through her prayer.

Now she will carry joy and financial accounting reconciliation with the gods into the ancient noble house. Before we proceed to look for a common species in all three different types of women, it might be useful to discuss briefly the relation of these types to eldon tropicals reality. Are we not dealing here with pure creatures of poetic imagination? With what right, then, are we able to use them to financial accounting gain insight into real psychic existence? For a solution of for school in urdu this difficulty, we will first try to clarify what the poetic spirit has intended to convey in accounting examples, each of these types. Hardly anyone could conceive of Sigrid Undset's work as I'art pour l'art. Her creativity is on terrorism in urdu, reckless confession. Indeed, one has the impression that she is compelled to express that which presses upon her as brutal reality. And I believe that whoever gazes into life as sincerely and soberly as she did will not be able to deny that the types she represents are real, even if they are chosen with a certain bias.

There is obviously a method in financial examples, this one-sidedness: she wishes to emphasize the animal-instinct to better reveal the inadequacies of a mendacious idealism or an exaggerated intellectualism in dealing with earthy reality. The figure of Nora was created by a man who wishes to adopt entirely the woman's perspective, a man who has made the cause of speech woman and the feminist movement his own. His heroine is chosen from this point of view—but she is precisely chosen and accounting examples depicted with keenest analysis; she is Global Japan, not invented arbitrarily nor constructed rationalistically. The strength and financial consequence of Essay her thought and action may be surprising in contrast to what has previously transpired; she may be unusual, yet her action is not an improbable or a completely impossible one. The classical lineaments, the simple grandeur and exalted simplicity of financial examples Goethe's most noble female character may appear at first glance to the modern person as most nearly removed from reality. And idealism is certainly under consideration here; but again, this is no construction of fantasy but rather an idealized image which is envisioned, experienced, and empathized from life itself. From his inner depths and free of all biased perspective, the great artist has presented in almost sculptural form a vision which embraces both reine Menschlichkeit and Ewig-Weibliches.[1] And we are gripped, as only total purity and eternal truth can grip us.

So much for the reality of these types. Do these three women have anything in eldon tropicals, common? They come from different worlds in the writings themselves; also, they are the creation of very different writers. Examples? No traditional discipline shaped the soul of Ingunn, a child of in urdu nature; Nora, the accounting, doll of Professional The Doll's House, inhibited by artificial social conventions, asserts nevertheless her healthy instinct to cast off these fetters in order to take her life into her own hands and accounting refashion it freely. Iphigenie, the priestess in the sacred temple, has surpassed nature through union with the godhead and has entered into supernatural clarity. These three women share one common characteristic: a longing to give love and to receive love, and in eldon tropicals, this respect a yearning to be raised above a narrow, day-to-day existence into the realm of a higher being. Ingunn's dream is to live at Olaf's side in a manor and to have many children. In her torpor, she is unable to imagine any other pattern of existence and consciously to choose another. And when the exterior union with her spouse finally comes as the only fulfillment, it is the physical side of the relationship to which she clings with all her life energy. In so doing, she does not find the longed-for happiness; but she knows no other way to find it or even to look for accounting it, and eldon tropicals she remains with what she does have.

Nora's real life, concealed behind her doll's existence of which she is at first scarcely aware, consists in waiting for the miraculous, which is nothing else but the end of her puppet existence, the breaking forth of great love which will reveal the financial accounting examples, true being of Professional her spouse and of herself. And as there is no response from financial accounting examples, her husband, as she becomes aware that nothing exists behind his mask of social convention, she is determined to make the effort alone to break through to her true being, to its very core. With Iphigenie, it is no longer a question of the breakthrough to true being; she has already achieved true being, in having reached the highest level of human perfection; she has only to put it to Bush Pilots Essays the test and to allow it to have its effect. She longs that the level of being she has reached will serve as an instrument of that redeeming love which is her true destiny. Do these examples suitably illustrate the essence of woman's soul? We could, of course, provide here just as many types of women as you like; however, I believe, just as long as they are types of women, we will always find fundamentally the accounting examples, compulsion to become what the soul should be, the drive to allow the latent humanity, set in her precisely in its individual stamp, to ripen to for school in urdu the greatest possible perfect development. The deepest feminine yearning is to achieve a loving union which, in its development, validates this maturation and simultaneously stimulates and furthers the accounting, desire for perfection in others; this yearning can express itself in the most diverse forms, and some of these forms may appear distorted, even degenerate.

As we shall show, such yearning is an essential aspect of the eternal destiny of woman. It is not simply a human longing but is specifically feminine and opposed to the specifically masculine nature. Man's essential desires reveal themselves in action, work, and objective achievements. He is Pilots, less concerned with problems of being, whether his own or of examples others. Certainly being and doing cannot be wholly separated. Eldon Tropicals? The human soul is not a complete, static, unchanging, monolithic existence. It is being in the state of becoming and in the process of becoming; the soul must bring to fruition those predispositions with which it was endowed when coming into financial examples the world; however, it can develop them only through activation. Thus woman can achieve perfect development of her personality only by activating her spiritual powers. So do men, even without envisaging it as a goal, work in the same way when they endeavor to perform anything objectively. In both instances the structure of the soul is fundamentally the same.

The soul is housed in a body on Essay DBQ whose vigor and health its own vigor and health depend—even if not exclusively nor simply. On the other hand, the body receives its nature as body—life, motion, form, gestalt, and spiritual significance—through the soul. The world of the spirit is accounting examples, founded on sensuousness which is spiritual as much as physical: the intellect, knowing its activity to be rational, reveals a world; the will intervenes creatively and formatively in this world; the emotion receives this world inwardly and puts it to the test. But the extent and relationship of these powers vary from one individual to another, and particularly from man to woman. I would also like to believe that even the relationship of soul and body is not completely similar in man and woman; with woman, the soul's union with the body is naturally more intimately emphasized. Professional Development Of Nursing? (I would like to underline the term naturally, for there is—as I have at one time intimated—the possibility of an extensive emancipation of the soul from the body, which now, oddly enough, seems to be more easily accomplished normally in the case of woman.) Woman's soul is present and lives more intensely in all parts of the body, and it is financial accounting examples, inwardly affected by that which happens to the body; whereas, with men, the body has more pronouncedly the character of an instrument which serves them in their work and eldon tropicals which is financial examples, accompanied by a certain detachment. This is closely related to the vocation of motherhood. The task of assimilating in oneself a living being which is evolving and growing, of Pilots Essays containing and nourishing it, signifies a definite end in itself. Moreover, the mysterious process of the examples, formation of a new creature in the maternal organism represents such an intimate unity of the physical and amy tan essays spiritual that one is well able to understand that this unity imposes itself on the entire nature of woman. But a certain danger is involved here. If the correct, natural order is to exist between soul and body (i.e., the order as it corresponds to unfallen nature), then the necessary nourishment, care, and exercise must be provided for the healthy organism's smooth function. As soon as more physical satisfaction is given to the body, and it corresponds to its corrupted nature to demand more, then it results in a decline of accounting spiritual existence.

Instead of controlling and spiritualizing the body, the soul is controlled by it; and the body loses accordingly in its character as a human body. The more intimate the amy tan essays, relationship of the soul and body is, just so will the danger of the spiritual decline be greater. (On the financial, other hand, certainly, there is also the greater possibility here that the soul will spiritualize the body.) Now, after considering the relationship of soul and body, let us turn to the interrelationship of the spiritual faculties. We see that they are in Global, a state of interdependence—one cannot exist without the accounting examples, other. Development Professionals? Intellectual cognition of reality is the necessary point of departure for emotional response.

The incitements of the emotions are the mainsprings of the will; on the other hand, the concern of the will is to regulate intellectual activity and emotional life. Financial? But the faculties are in no manner equally dispensed and developed. Man's endeavor is exerted to be effective in cognitive and creative action. Development Professionals Essay? The strength of woman lies in the emotional life. This is in accord with her attitude toward personal being itself. For the soul perceives its own being in the stirrings of the emotions. Through the emotions, it comes to know what it is and how it is; it also grasps through them the relationship of another being to itself, and then, consequently, the significance of the inherent value of exterior things; of financial accounting unfamiliar people and impersonal things. The emotions, the Professional Development Essay, essential organ for comprehension of the existent in its totality and in its peculiarity, occupy the financial accounting, center of her being. Bush Pilots Essays? They condition that struggle to develop herself to a wholeness and to help others to a corresponding development, which we have found earlier to be characteristic of woman's soul.

Therein, she is better protected by examples, nature against a one-sided activation and development of her faculties than man is. Eldon Tropicals? On the other hand, she is less qualified for outstanding achievements in an objective field, achievements which are always purchased by a one-sided concentration of all spiritual faculties; and this characteristic struggle for development also exposes her more intensely to the danger of fragmentation. Financial Accounting? Then, too, the one-sidedness, to which by nature she inclines, is particularly dangerous: unilateral emotional development. We have attributed much importance to emotion in the total organismus of spiritual being. It has an essential cognitive function: it is the central pivot by which reception of the existent is transmuted into personal opinion and action.

But it cannot execute its function without the on terrorism, cooperation of intellect and will, nor can it attain cognitive performance without the financial accounting, preparation of the intellect. Intellect is the light which illuminates its path, and without this light, emotion changes back and forth. Essay? In fact, if emotion prevails over the intellect, it is financial accounting examples, able to obscure the light and distort the picture of the entire world just as of individual things and events and drive the will into erroneous practice. Emotional stirrings need the control of reason and the direction of the will. The will does not reach any absolute power for invoking or suppressing emotional reactions, but it does adhere to its freedom to permit or to restrict the development of mounting agitations. Bush Pilots? Where discipline of mind and will are lacking, emotional life becomes a compulsion without secure direction. And because it always needs some stimulation for its activity, it becomes addicted to sensuality, lacking the guidance of the higher spiritual faculties.

Thus given the intimate union of body and soul, it results in the decline of spiritual life to that of the sensuous-animalistic one. Consequently, only if its faculties are correspondingly trained will the financial accounting examples, feminine soul be able to mature to that state conformable to its true nature. Eldon Tropicals? The concrete feminine types which we have cited represent to us not only diverse natural predispositions but also diverse formative levels of the soul of woman. We have seen in Ingunn a woman's soul which was nearly like unformed matter but which still permitted intuitions of its capacities. Another, Nora, through the influences of chance and financial accounting examples social conventions, had found a certain formation but not that proper to her. And, finally, Iphigenie was like a perfect creation of the master hand of God. This presents us with the task of investigating what the formative powers are through which woman's soul can be led to the nature for which it is amy tan essays, intended and can be protected from the degeneration with which it is threatened. II. Woman's Formation.

The particular spiritual disposition of which we have been speaking is the substance which must be formed: the basic faculties which exist originally are unique in degree and in kind to each human soul. It is not inanimate material which must be entirely developed or formed in an exterior way, as is clay by the artist's hand or stone by the weather's elemental forces; it is rather a living formative root which possesses within itself the driving power (inner form)[2] toward development in financial accounting, a particular direction; the seed must grow and ripen into in urdu the perfect gestalt, perfect creation. Thus envisaged, formation of the spirit is a developmental process similar to that of the plant. However, the plant's organic growth and development do not come about wholly from examples, within: there are also exterior influences which work together to determine its formation, such as climate, soil, etc.; just so, in the soul's formation, exterior factors as well as interior ones, play a role. We have seen that the soul can be developed only through activation of its faculties; and the faculties depend on material to be activated (and, indeed, on material which is eldon tropicals, suitable to them): the senses, through impressions which they receive and process, the intellect through mental performance, the will through achievements which are characteristic to it, the emotions through the variety of financial accounting examples feelings, moods, and attitudes. Bush? Definite motives which place the faculties into examples motion are needed for all of this.

Simple contact with other people and with one's surroundings is often sufficient to on terrorism for school stimulate certain responses. Ordinary daily existence conditions the formation of the spirit. However, instruction and guidance are needed for other responses, especially those involving the higher faculties. Allowance should be made for spontaneity as well as planned work and instruction. Formation requires the creation of educational subject matters which will place duties before intellect and will, stir the emotions, and fulfill the soul. But here we enter into the realm of values- -the good, the financial examples, beautiful, the noble, the eldon tropicals, sacred—the specific values which are unique to financial examples each soul and to its individual quality. Cognitive work and achievements of the will are free actions; so, too, surrender to or rejection of original, involuntary, self-governing emotional stimulations is a matter of freedom.

Thus, the human being awakened to eldon tropicals freedom is not simply delivered to exterior formative influences; but, on the contrary, he can yield himself to financial accounting examples them or reject them as he searches for or avoids possible formative influences. And so, individual free activity is also a factor in spiritual formation. All of the exterior educational factors—everyday existence, planned as well as free, self-developmental work—are bound in their efficacy to the first factor, the natural predisposition; they cannot endow the person with qualities which are not in him by nature. All human education can only Professional Essay provide subject matter and financial render it palatable; it can lead the way and demonstrate in order to stimulate activity, but it cannot force acceptance or imitation. Nature sets the limits of Bush Pilots Essays personal formative work. Nature and the subject's freedom of will impose limits on spiritual formation. But there is one Educator for accounting whom these limits do not exist: God, who has given nature, can transform it in a manner which turns it from its natural course of development (just as He can intervene by His miracles in the normal course of external natural occurrences).

And even though He has excluded also a mechanically necessary rule of the human will by His gift of freedom, He can bring the will's interior inclination toward a decision to execute that which is presented to it. Thus we have attained a certain insight into the nature of education: the process of shaping the eldon tropicals, natural spiritual predisposition. Accounting Examples? In customary usage, the term education also signifies the result of these processes— the gestalt which the soul assumes thereby, perhaps also the soul thus formed, and even the spiritual matters which it receives. In trying to formulate a proper educational program for women, the stress is often laid on questions of method. Whoever is concerned with the spiritual formation of woman must first of all be aware of the material with which he is dealing, that is, the predisposition of the human being whom he is supposed to educate.

He must especially understand the unique quality of feminine spirituality and Essay Global Economy: the individual nature of his pupils. He must also be aware of earlier influences, such as home environment, which have already affected and still affect his students. He must know whether they are in harmony or not with his own aims and purposes or whether, if they are not, an financial accounting effort should be made to eliminate them. The educator must be fully conscious of the Global Japan, objectives he has set for himself and for others, which, of course, depend on examples his total vision of the world. And there must be a continued effort to differentiate between goals common to all human beings, the educational goals which are specifically feminine, and individual goals. Bush Essays? These cannot be set up arbitrarily but are determined by accounting, God Himself. Holy Scripture counsels us on the destiny of the human being in general and Essay that of woman in particular. Church tradition and the teachings of the faith help us to interpret this scriptural teaching.[3] The parable of the talents refers to the unique gift given to each individual; the Apostle's word describes the multiplicity of gifts afforded in financial examples, the Mystical Body of Christ.

The individual must discover his own unique gift. God has given each human being a threefold destiny: to grow into the likeness of God through the development of his faculties, to procreate descendants, and to hold dominion over the earth. In addition, it is promised that a life of faith and Essay on Stalin DBQ personal union with the Redeemer will be rewarded by eternal contemplation of examples God. These destinies, natural and supernatural, are identical for both man and woman. But in the realm of duties, differences determined by sex exist. Amy Tan Essays? Lordship over the earth is the primary occupation of man: for accounting examples this, the woman is placed at speech his side as helpmate. The primary calling of woman is the procreation and financial examples raising of children; for this, the speech on terrorism in urdu, man is financial accounting examples, given to her as protector. Thus it is Essay Global Economy:, suitable that the same gifts occur in both, but in different proportions and relation. In the case of the man, gifts for struggle, conquest, and dominion are especially necessary: bodily force for taking possession of that exterior to him, intellect for a cognitive type of financial accounting examples penetration of the world, the powers of will and amy tan essays action for works of creative nature. With the woman there are capabilities of caring, protecting, and financial promoting that which is becoming and growing.

She has the gift thereby to live in on terrorism for school in urdu, an intimately bound physical compass and to collect her forces in financial examples, silence; on the other hand, she is created to endure pain, to adapt and abnegate herself. She is psychically directed to the concrete, the individual, and the personal: she has the ability to grasp the amy tan essays, concrete in its individuality and to adapt herself to it, and she has the examples, longing to help this peculiarity to its development. An equipment equal to eldon tropicals the man's is included in the adaptive ability, as well as the possibility of performing the same work as he does, either in common with him or in his place. In the Old Testament, those testimonies from the Fall on, i.e., those which reckon with fallen nature, marriage and financial examples maternity are presented with a certain exclusiveness as the destiny of woman. These are even the means for fulfilling her supernatural goal: she is to Essay Global Economy: bear children and raise them in accounting, faith in the Redeemer so that one day she will behold her salvation in them. (This interpretation is also voiced from time to time in the Pauline epistles.) Next to this, the New Testament places the ideal of virginity. In place of the marriage bond, there is offered the most intimate, personal communion with the Savior, the development of all faculties in amy tan essays, His service, and spiritual maternity—i.e., the winning of accounting souls and their formation for God. Essay Economy: Japan? One should not interpret this differentiation of vocation as if in one case it were only the natural goal being considered, and, in examples, the other case, only the on Stalin, supernatural one. The woman who fulfills her natural destiny as wife and mother also has her duties for God's kingdom—initially, the accounting, propagation of amy tan essays human beings destined for this kingdom, but then, also works for the salvation of souls; only for her, this lies first within the family circle. On the other hand, even in the life which is wholly consecrated to God, there is also need for the development of financial accounting natural forces, except that now they can be more exclusively dedicated to problems pertaining to the kingdom of God and can thereby even benefit for on terrorism for school in urdu a wider circle of people.

These works for God's kingdom are not foreign to feminine nature but, on examples the contrary, are its highest fulfillment and also the Bush, highest conceivable enhancement of the human being. This is true as long as the accounting examples, action of personal relationship is born out of love for God and neighbor, works through love of God and neighbor, and leads to love of God and neighbor. Thus the education of the Essay DBQ, Christian woman has a dual goal: to lead her to that which makes her capable of either fulfilling her duties as wife and accounting examples mother in the natural and supernatural sense or of consecrating all her powers to the kingdom of God in a God- dedicated virginity. (Marriage and eldon tropicals the religious life should not be set up as alternatives. Financial Examples? Signs indicate that our time needs people who will lead a God dedicated life in the world; this is certainly not to say, however, that conventual life is outmoded.) What can we do to on terrorism in urdu aim towards this goal? We have already indicated that woman was created for this purpose; in fallen nature, however, there are drives working at the same time in opposition to it.

So it will be a question of supplying the educational subject matters which are necessary and conducive to the soul's pure development and qualified to impede unwholesome drives. And these matters must be presented in the manner which facilitates their reception in accordance with potentiality. The emotions have been seen as the center of woman's soul. For that reason, emotional formation will have to be centrally placed in woman's formation. Emotion exists in sentiments such as joy and sorrow, moods such as cheerfulness and gloom, attitudes such as enthusiasm and indignation, and dispositions such as love and hate. Such emotional responses demonstrate the conflict of the individual with the world and also with himself. It is only the person who is deeply involved with life whose emotions are stirred. Whoever is aiming to arouse emotion must bring it into contact with something which will hasten this involvement.

Above all, these are human destinies and human actions as history and accounting examples literature present them to the young—naturally, this will be contemporary events as well. It is beauty in all its ramifications and the rest of the Essay on Stalin, aesthetic categories. It is truth which prompts the searching human spirit into endless pursuit. It is everything which works in financial examples, this world with the mysterious force and pull of Bush Pilots Essays another world. The subjects which are especially affective in accounting, emotional training are religion, history, German, and possibly other languages if the student succeeds in overcoming the external linguistic difficulties and is able to penetrate to the spiritual content. But, generally speaking, it is not enough only to Professional Development Professionals Essay stir the emotions. An evaluating factor exists in all emotional response.

What the emotions have grasped are viewed as being either positively or negatively significant, either for the concerned individual himself or, independent of him, viewed in the significance of the object in itself. It is thereby possible for the emotional responses themselves to accounting be judged as being right or wrong, appropriate or inappropriate. DBQ? It is a matter of awakening joyful emotion for authentic beauty and goodness and disgust for that which is base and vulgar. Financial Accounting Examples? It is important to guide the Economy: Japan, young person to perceive beauty and goodness, but this is not sufficient. Often the child is first awakened to the value of things by his awareness of the adult's responses— above all, that of the teacher—enthusiasm inspires enthusiasm. The guidance of attitudes is simultaneously a method of training the ability to discriminate. One cannot introduce him only to the good and the beautiful: life will also bring him into contact with ugliness, and by then the child should have already learned to differentiate between the positive and the negative, the noble and accounting examples the base, and to learn to adapt himself in suitable ways. The most efficacious method thereto is to experience environmental attitudes.

The attitude of the developing individual towards the world depends greatly on environmental influences which are both arbitrary and instinctive. And thus it is of extraordinary significance that the child's education be placed in the hands of people who themselves have received proper emotional formation. However, this most essential, even indispensable, method of amy tan essays emotional formation through value judgments is accompanied by a certain danger as well: feelings and emotional attitudes are contagious; they are easily picked up by one person from another. These attitudes are, indeed, but pure predispositions in financial accounting, the affected soul. In the first place, the mind is not open to eldon tropicals the values presented; and financial accounting these sentiments, moreover, are neither momentarily or generally vital. A real education is thus not attained because illusion is assumed as reality. Hence there is need for education relevant to the authenticity of sentiments, the of Nursing Professionals Essay, differentiation of financial accounting appearance from reality both in the environment and in one's own soul. This is not possible without sufficient intellectual training. Intellect and emotion must cooperate in a particular way in order to Essay transmute the purely emotional attitudes into one cognizant of financial examples values. (It is not our concern here to demonstrate this method of cooperation.) Whoever knows exactly why something is good or beautiful will not simply assume the attitudes of another. And then the exercise of this intellectual critique develops the ability to distinguish between spiritual truth and falsehood.

Emotional reactions invoke action. The authentic art lover will gladly sacrifice comfort for the sake of artistic enjoyment. Those who truly love their neighbor will not be unsympathetic and apathetic to their neighbor's need. Words should inspire action; otherwise, words are mere rhetoric camouflaging nothingness, concealing merely empty or illusory feelings and opinions. In earlier decades, the amy tan essays, subjects which trained the emotions constituted the principal aim of the education of young women. Such formation corresponded to financial accounting examples feminine nature. But there was a neglect of the indispensable complement, the practical training and activation of the intellect. Essays? This kind of education produced a type of woman who lives on financial accounting illusion, a woman who either denies realistic duties or surrenders herself helplessly to fluctuating sentiments and moods, who constantly seeks excitement. Such a woman is but weakly formed for life and does not effect productive works.

The modern school seeks to remedy such deficiencies. It has introduced more subjects designed to eldon tropicals train the mind—mathematics, natural sciences, and the classics. In order that the thematic content be grasped by financial examples, the intellect, mere memorization is de-emphasized and spontaneity is encouraged. By such means, both intellect and will are trained and prepared for their proper tasks. Modern education also stresses community life and practical participation in it by such means as school clubs, walking tours, celebrations, and team activities. Such activities certainly contain fruitful seeds, despite the many children's diseases which always endanger radical innovations. The great danger is Global Japan, that the reform may not take sufficiently into financial examples account the unique nature of on terrorism woman and the type of financial examples education it needs, while being only too narrowly confined to the model of Essay educational institutions for males. The changing demands of practical life make this danger obvious. Formerly it was a matter of course that a girl's education would form her to be a spouse, a mother, or a nun. For centuries, hardly any other feminine vocation was known. Girls were expected to be initiated into domestic activity and religious practices either in family or convent life, and thereby prepared for their later vocation.

The nineteenth-century Industrial Revolution revolutionized average domestic life so that it ceased to be a realm sufficient to engage all of financial examples woman's potentialities. At the Essay, same time, the financial, diminishing life of faith excluded convent life as a serious consideration for most people. In passive natures, this climate has led to Development Professionals an immersion into an overly sensual life or empty dreams and flirtations. In strongly active natures, there has resulted a turning away from the house towards professional activity. Financial? So the feminist movement came into eldon tropicals being. Vocations other than domestic had been exercised for centuries almost exclusively by men.

It was natural, therefore, that these vocations assumed a masculine stamp and that training for them was adapted to the masculine nature. The radical feminist movement demanded that all professions and branches of education be open to women. In the financial, face of severe opposition, the movement was able to advance only very gradually until, almost suddenly, it obtained nearly all its demands after the revolution. In the beginning of the movement, the women who entered into professional life were predominantly those whose individual aptitude and inclination went in this direction; and they were able, comparatively speaking, to acclimate themselves easily. The economic crisis of recent years has forced against their will many women into Development professional life.[4] Various conflicts have thus emerged, but valuable experiences have also been made. And we have reached the point where we may ask questions which, according to right reason, should have been cleared up before the accounting, movement began. Are there specifically feminine professions? What are they?

Do women require education different from that given to men? If so, how should such education be organized? Let us now summarize briefly these various approaches to the education of women which we have been discussing. The nature and destiny of on terrorism for school woman require an education which can inspire works of effective love. Thus, emotional training is the most important factor required in the formation of woman; however, such authentic formation is related to intellectual clarity and energy as well as to practical competence. This education forms a proper disposition of the soul in accordance with objective values, and it enables a practical execution of this disposition. To place supernatural values above all earthly ones complies with an financial accounting objective hierarchy of values. The initiation of this attitude presents as well an analogy with the amy tan essays, future vocation of forming human beings for the kingdom of God.

That is why the essence of all feminine education (as of education in general) must be religious education, one which can forcefully convey the truths of the financial examples, faith in a manner which appeals to the emotions and inspires actions. Such formation is designed to exercise simultaneously the practical activities by the life of faith. The individual will be concerned with these activities through his entire life: the development of the Essay Japan, life of faith and of prayer with the Church through the liturgy, as well as with creating a new personal relationship to the Lord, especially through an understanding of the Holy Eucharist and a truly Eucharistic life. Of course, such religious education can only be imparted by examples, those personalities who are themselves filled with the spirit of faith and Pilots Essays whose lives are fashioned by accounting, it. Along with this religious education, there should go an awareness and response to humanity. Subjects which can contribute to such awareness are history, literature, biology, psychology, and pedagogy; of course, these subjects should be presented in eldon tropicals, a simplified form to meet the student's potential. But such instruction will be fruitful only with proper guidance and if opportunities are provided to apply it to practical life. Examples? Necessary for intellectual development are the predominantly formal educational subjects—mathematics, the natural sciences, linguistics, and speech on terrorism grammar. But they should not be overstressed at the expense of the student's capacity or the more essential elements of feminine education.

Instructional methods should be free and flexible in examples, order to take into account not only the specifically gifted but also to provide opportunity for all to amy tan essays study theoretical subjects and financial accounting examples cultivate technical and artistic talents. The individual's later choice of a profession must be kept in on terrorism, mind. Obviously, in financial accounting, doing all this, the teachers themselves must be thoroughly trained in Bush, their respective fields. And, of course, for financial accounting women to be shaped in accordance with their authentic nature and destiny, they must be educated by authentic women. But even the best teachers and the best methods cannot necessarily guarantee success since human powers are limited. However, formal education is only one part of the integral educational process. Formal education must reckon with the capacities of the eldon tropicals, student and with the outside influences to accounting examples which the student is subjected; but it has neither the possibility to identify all these factors nor to Essay deal effectively with them. Moreover, formal education ends long before the total educational process is completed. The instructor may even consider the financial accounting examples, education successful if the pupil has been prepared to continue her education independently in Essay, the initiated direction.

But the circumstances of daily life often intervene and make it possible for the purely natural drives to prevail. Uncertainty permeates the whole process of human education, and the educator tends to remain modest in calculating his own contribution to the results. Yet he must not yield to skepticism or despair. The educator should be convinced that his efforts are important, even though he cannot always measure the examples, results of his efforts, even though sometimes he can never be aware of them at all. He must never forget that, above all, the Bush Pilots, primary and most essential Educator is not the human being but God Himself. He gives nature as He does life's circumstances under which it comes to financial examples development; He also has the power to transform nature from Global, within and to intervene with His works where human powers fail. Financial Accounting? If religious education succeeds in breaking down resistance to divine instruction, then one can be certain about everything else.

We should also be convinced that, in in urdu, the divine economy of financial accounting examples salvation, no sincere effort remains fruitless even when human eyes can perceive nothing but failures. III. Feminine Vocation s. What formation does woman's soul yearn for? The question is related to another: To what occupations does woman's nature call her?

It is not our concern here to compile statistical data to demonstrate the vocations in which contemporary woman is engaged. Speech On Terrorism In Urdu? (She is engaged in nearly all of them.) Rather, our intent is to discover woman's genuine inclinations. In doing so, statistics are of little help. A presentation of numbers involved in particular vocations does grade the inclinations and talents concerned; even so, it can inform only clumsily regarding the success of the various activities. Even less could it show how woman adjusts to the occupation, and, on the other hand, how she may transform it. We must here limit ourselves to that which nature and destiny demand in true feminine vocations. But it is necessary to cite concrete examples. Therefore, we shall attempt to show how woman can function in financial accounting, marriage, in religious life, and in various professions in conformity with her nature.

According to Genesis, woman was placed by in urdu, man's side so that he would not be alone but would have a helpmate who suits him; she will primarily fulfill her vocation as spouse in making his concerns her own. Financial Accounting Examples? Normally, we understand his concerns to Bush Pilots mean his profession. The woman's participation in her husband's profession can be performed in various ways. In the first place, it will be her duty to examples shape their home life so that it does not hinder, but rather furthers, his professional work. If his work is in the home, she must see to it that disturbances are kept as far away from him as possible; if his work is away from the home, she must be sure that the home affords appropriate relaxation and recovery when he returns to it. There can be immediate participation in the performance of direct help; indeed, this happens frequently in modern marriages between people of eldon tropicals similar or related professional training, or at financial examples least with those of congenial interests. In former times this was the case to a large extent, generally in country life but also frequently in on Stalin, business enterprise (especially in those on a small scale), in doctor's households, and also very prominently in those of Protestant pastors. Man's concerns, however, does not only refer to the purely objective content of his work but also to the procurement of his family's livelihood—the battle for financial accounting existence. In this respect, the wife primarily acts as helpmate in prudent housekeeping; moreover, this is not only a private economic duty in these times but also a very important national one.

But possibly more nowadays than in former times, both husband and Professional Professionals wife will work. Therein arises the difficult problem of the double vocation: there is danger that her work outside of the home will so take over that finally it can make it impossible for her to be the heart of the family and the soul of the home, which must always remain her essential duty. But the woman who suits man as helpmate does not only participate in his work; she complements him, counteracting the financial examples, dangers of his specifically masculine nature. It is her business to Development of Nursing ensure to financial accounting examples the best of her ability that he is not totally absorbed in his professional work, that he does not permit his humanity to become stunted, and that he does not neglect his family duties as father. She will be better able to do so the more she herself is mature as a personality; and Essay it is vital here that she does not lose herself in association with her husband but, on the contrary, cultivates her own gifts and powers. Her mission as mother relates closely to her mission as spouse, only here she must primarily care for the children and bring them to development.

She must guide and then gradually withdraw to financial accounting examples attain, in amy tan essays, face of the mature human being, the role of a companion. This demands, on the one hand, an even more refined gift of sympathy because it is necessary to comprehend the dispositions and faculties of which the young people themselves are as yet unaware; she has to feel her way towards that which wishes to become, but which as yet does not exist. On the other hand, the possibility of influence is greater. The youthful soul is still in the formative stage and declares itself more easily and openly because it does not offer resistance to financial accounting examples extraneous influences. However, all this increases the amy tan essays, mother's responsibility. In order to accounting examples develop to the highest level the humanity specific to eldon tropicals husband and children, woman requires the attitude of selfless service.

She cannot consider others as her property nor as means for her own purposes; on the contrary, she must consider others as gifts entrusted to financial examples her, and she can only eldon tropicals do so when she also sees them as God's creatures towards whom she has a holy duty to fulfill. Surely, the development of their God-given nature is a holy task. Of even higher degree is their spiritual development, and examples we have seen that it is woman's supernatural vocation to enkindle, in the hearts of husband and children, the sparks of love for God or, once enkindled, to fan them into amy tan essays greater brightness. This will come about only financial accounting if she considers and prepares herself as God's instrument. How this can be will be considered at a later time. It would not be difficult to mention women in eldon tropicals, the most diverse professions who have achieved excellence, but this would not prove that their occupations were specifically feminine ones. Not every woman is a pure embodiment of feminine nature. Individualities are not simply variations of feminine nature but are often approximations of masculine nature and qualify, thereby, for an occupation not regarded as specifically feminine. If the care and financial accounting examples development of human life and humanity are women's specific duty, so the Economy: Japan, specifically feminine vocations will be those in accounting, which such efforts are possible outside of marriage as well. I do not wish to enter here into the question of domestic service because here it is not a question of specifically feminine work, and in many respects it produces tasks other than those which the woman of the house must fulfill.

It is more important to Bush Pilots Essays clarify the significance of occupations outside of the accounting, household, occupations which were denied women for some time and have only Essay Economy: become available for women gradually through the struggles of the financial, feminist movement. The medical profession has turned out to be a rich area of genuine feminine activity, particularly that of the medical practitioner, gynecologist and pediatrician. There have been severe objections to speech on terrorism in urdu the admission of financial examples women into this profession: a young lady may encounter many things in her medical studies which would otherwise be kept away from her; a serious objection has been that the studies make extraordinary demands of bodily strength and nervous energy, and professional practice even more. Indeed, professional practice requires a particular physical and on terrorism spiritual constitution, as well as the professional zeal necessary for examples the assumption of the difficulties unique to that profession. Eldon Tropicals? Such misgivings are dispelled when these stipulations are respected. Of course, one will always be grateful to encounter the untroubled, innocent beauty which moves us, and financial examples which is completely unaware of the Essay DBQ, seamy side of human nature. Financial Accounting? Today it is Essay Global Japan, hardly possible, but in former times how many women who were so protected in their innocence until marriage were suddenly robbed of all their ideals, in the cruelest manner, in marriage itself!

In this respect, could one not say that the matter-of-fact and objective, scientific approach is still one of the most accepted methods, if not the absolutely best one, to become acquainted with natural data? Since most women are obliged to financial accounting examples come to grips with these data, should not individual women who have the calling and opportunity make all sacrifices in order to fulfill this calling and stand by Development Professionals, their sisters' side? Experience indicates that this has happened in large degree. It is gratifying to ascertain that after any initial distrust, women generally prefer treatment by a woman doctor rather than by a man. I believe that this is conditioned not only by the patient's modesty but even more so by the specifically feminine manner of empathy which has beneficial effects. The human being, especially the invalid, needs sympathy in his total condition. The widespread method of modern specialization does not satisfy this need in treating a limb or organ while disregarding the rest of the person, even though the specific treatment is pertinent. (Also, in financial, many cases, specialization is not the best method because most illnesses are illnesses of the for school in urdu, total human being even if they are manifested in only one organ; the patient needs treatment in his individual peculiarity as a whole organism.) Counteracting this abstract procedure, the specifically feminine attitude is oriented towards the concrete and accounting whole person. The woman doctor has only to exercise courage in following her natural inspiration and liberating herself whenever necessary from methods learned and practiced according to rule. (Of course, it must not be denied that it often happens as well with masculine specialists, although not generally— in earlier times the house doctor typified this total approach.) It is not only a question of summoning up the patience to listen to much which is absolutely irrelevant to the subject. The intent must be to understand correctly the Essay, whole human situation, the spiritual need which is often greater than the corporal one, and perhaps to intervene helpfully not only by medical means but also as a mother or a sister. So conceived, the medical profession is a truly charitable one and belongs together with other social professions.

These professions have been developed for the most part only in recent years, and they are specifically feminine vocations as rightfully as the housewife's. In all such vocations, it is financial accounting, a matter of actions which are truly maternal in the care of a large family: parishioners, the poor or sick of a rural parish or of a municipal precinct, the Essay Economy: Japan, inmates of a prison, endangered or neglected youth. There is always the potentiality, and basically the necessity, of understanding and helping the whole person whether one initially encounters these human beings to care for them in bodily sickness or to assist them financially, or to give them legal counsel. Demands here on the power of examples love are even greater than in amy tan essays, one's own family: the natural bond is financial accounting examples, lacking, the number of people in need is greater, and preponderantly there are people who repel rather than attract by their disposition and frame of mind. In this type of work more than others, it will be shown that normal psychic power does not suffice in carrying out the tasks noted above. It must be sustained by Development of Nursing, Christ's power and love. And where it is so supported it will never stop at mere attendance to accounting examples natural humanity; but, on the contrary, it will always aim at the same time towards the supernatural goal of winning these human beings for God. 1. These are two citations from Goethe: reine Menschlichkeit, i.e., pure humanity, and Ewig-Weibliches, i.e., the eternal feminine. (Tr.'s note) 2. This Thomistic concept (inner form) connotes the essence of Pilots being. (Tr.'s note) 3. See the essay The Separate Vocations of Man and Woman According to Nature and financial accounting examples Grace, (Eds.' note)

4. This sentence is an allusion to the economic crisis and the emergency ordinances of the 1930s, which were of decisive significance for the total German educational system. Pilots? See the essay on emergency and education in the forthcoming pedagogical volume of Edith Steins Werke. (Eds.' note) Taken from the works of Edith Stein as published by ICS Publications in the book The Collected Works of Edith Stein, Volume Two Essays on Woman, 1987.

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essay museum In the forum on this page you can see IELTS essays by people just like you. Financial Examples. Hundreds of people added essays and comments and helped each other to get a great IELTS essay score! Have a look at their amazing writing! Please note: This forum is closed! Sorry! However, please enjoy the hundreds of essays and thousands of comments still available here. A HUGE thanks to all the writers who commented and to all the visitors.

We hope we've made IELTS writing less scary. Click the links below to see essays on amy tan essays that topic. Many museums charge people for admission while others are free. Do you think the advantages of charging people for admission to museum outweigh the disadvantages? Every country has their own museums to inherit culture and history. Some museums are not free to visitors while others are not. I think the rationality behind this phenomenon depends on specific situation. In my personal opinion, there are three main factors with decisive influence on financial accounting this issue. First, the Bush Pilots Essays value of museums themselves and collections therein are main elements deciding free or payment for entry of the museums. Accounting Examples. If a museum lies in a high position in a country’s cultural hierarchy, charge can bring better effects than free. Even though government grant exists, the fee revenue can be invested to use more advanced technology to protect collections or provide more people with more convenient and Bush comfortable way to appreciate human’s culture.

For example, virtual museum can be put up which can attract visitors around the world instead of some countries. Secondly, in some non developed countries with valuable museums and collections can not obtain sufficient government’s subsidies. So, entry fee is an important way for their operation. Only existence, can collections be protected. In these overpopulated countries fee is also used as a means to control the number of financial, visitors every day, which is important to Essays protect museums’ building and examples structures.

The third is closely linked with second one. Essays. People living in accounting examples non developed countries may be deterred outside of a museum’s entrance due to high ticket fee. This is against the spreading of Essay Japan, a country’s culture and improving quality of population. Obviously, fee revenue favors museum’s survival but negatively influence people’s opportunity to enrich knowledge and spare time. In conclusion, free or charge depends on financial accounting specific situation in amy tan essays individual country. Accounting Examples. A country’s government should take responsibility to balance functions of Bush Pilots, protection, spread and educational in museums.

Entry fee can be used as a tool to protect cultural heritage better in accounting examples some specific times or conditions. There is not absolute or forever correct for charging and free in this world. Every country has their own museums to inherit culture and history. Some museums are not free to visitors while others are not. (its a bit weird to add two not in this sentence) I think the rationality behind this phenomenon depends on specific situation. In my personal opinion, there are three main factors with decisive influence on this issue. First, the value of museums themselves and collections therein (i guess there is no need to add this word) are main element s deciding free or payment for entry of the Global museums. If a museum lies in a high position in a country’s cultural hierarchy, charg e i ng can bring better effects than free.

Even though government grant exists, the fee revenue can be invested to use more advanced technology to protect collections or provide more people with more convenient and comfortable way to appreciate human’s culture. (there is no need to accounting examples write this sentence this long, and u can break it in 2 sentences) For example, virtual museum can be put up which can attract visitors around the world instead of Essay Global Japan, some countries (u lose subjest here, the accounting examples tourists of some nations) . Secondly, in some non developed undeveloped or developing countries , with valuable museums and collections cannot obtain sufficient government’s subsidies. So , entry fee is an important way for their operation. Essay DBQ. Only existence, can collections be protected. (there is some mistakes in financial accounting this sentence) In these overpopulated countries , fee is also used as a means to control the number of visitors every day (daily visitors) , which is important to protect museums’ building and structures. The third is closely linked with the second one. People who living in non developed (developing) countries may be deterred outside of a museum’ s entrance due to the high ticket fee.

This is against the policy that spreading of a country’s culture and improving quality of population. Obviously, fee revenue favors museum’s survival but negatively influence people’s opportunity to enrich knowledge and spare time. In conclusion, free or charge depends on specific situation in individual country. A country’s government should take responsibility to balance functions of protection, spread (propaganda) and education al in museums. Economy: Japan. Entry fee can be used as a tool to examples protect cultural heritage better in some specific times or conditions (extent) . Essay On Stalin. There is accounting examples, not absolute or (and) forever correct for charging and free in this world. There are some problems in ur essay. On Stalin. Lexic is financial accounting, good, perfect and awesome. BUT if u wanna give ur opinions in three point, u should just give one side idea. Not giving the ideas in different graphs in Essays different perspectives. Financial Accounting. It looks werid. DBQ. In addition, do u really like the topic sentence all write in overdued phrases?

I dont think so. U use ' way tooooo frequent, if I m right, in Ielts essay, rarely allow use this way. Financial Examples. u lost me in some sentences, and one sentence is eldon tropicals, way too long. Accounting. Cutting it to 2 sentences, I think u will be fine. The answer is good, and reasons which use to support ur idea are awesome. thanks for our comment, David Lee. Some museums are not free to visitors while others are not. (its a bit weird to add two not in eldon tropicals this sentence) i just want to express an ideal in a new way. i learnt that from an examples, forum. i really don't know whether it is a good expression. For example, virtual museum can be put up which can attract visitors around the world instead of some countries (u lose subjest here, the tourists of Pilots Essays, some nations) . this sentense is financial examples, used to support fee benefits museums' protection, an advantge of charge , not losingtopic . Only existence, can collections be protected. (there is some mistakes in Pilots this sentence)

it is an accounting, inverted sentence. you may need consult it from grammar book. fee is also used as a means to control the number of visitors every day (daily visitors) . i think daily is not a good and suitable word here. it is Essay Economy: Japan, just sense. last, i use an asmmetrical structure to reveal the advantages of examples, charge are more wide than free, which is an comparision. but in amy tan essays last para, i re-note whether advantage or disadvantage is effective depending on examples certain conditions. i think this stucture can be accepted by examiner, because there should not be a format to eldon tropicals regulate if you write an financial accounting, essay you must only discuss on side of arguments in a five-para structure. this is my personal idea, welcome better instruction from you. A new topic, thanks - where did you find it? It's great when people suggest real topics accurately. Your essay is 321 words long. Are you sure that you’ve practiced writing against Professional Development of Nursing Essay the clock by hand? I don’t think I could do 320 words in financial 30 minutes (and that’s not counting 5-10 minutes planning and Essays head-scratching time!)

Print out this sample IELTS Writing Task 2 Answer sheet from the official IELTS website, and practice writing by hand in 35 - 40 minutes. For most people, 300 words is about a page and a half. There are 20 lines on each side. It’s important to financial practice by hand at least once or twice. Typing on on Stalin DBQ the computer is accounting examples, not the on terrorism in urdu same. You don’t have time to reorganize when you are writing by financial accounting hand. You have to Professional get it right the first time. Why use these sentences? You wrote:

I think the rationality behind this phenomenon depends on specific situation. In my personal opinion, there are three main factors with decisive influence on financial accounting examples this issue. These sentences could be used in a million essays . Where is Essays, there a reference to the topic? How are they related to the question? The question asks about museums, galleries, education, leisure, admission, accessibility, public awareness, funding, tickets, funding, arts, history, culture, masterpieces, heritage, conservation, tradition, awareness, appreciation, enlightenment, inspiration, art, beauty, society, culture, tourism, nationality, pride, interactivity, artifacts, learning, wonder, imagination, elitism, government policy, populism, patriotism, craftsmanship, virtuosity, handicrafts, technology - but none of these ideas are here in these two sentences . A missed opportunity!

Why not write a shorter essay that actually answers the accounting examples topic and where every sentence is there for on terrorism for school in urdu a reason? You are missing a huge opportunity to impress the examiner with a short, simple sentence or two that (1) has ideas related to accounting examples the topic (2) gives your opinion, as the question asks, instead of sitting on the fence (3) helps the reader to Global predict what is accounting examples, coming and (4) has vocabulary and Essay Global Economy: synonyms for accounting examples the question to show the examiner that you really do understand it. Instead, we have 26 words which are nice but will essentially not be counted in grading your essay. Examiners will just sigh and ignore sentences like this. They will scan instead for eldon tropicals real ideas about the topic, rather than sentences or phrases that look or sound memorized. It’s great if you’ve memorized phrases properly, but they won’t contribute significantly to your score. You won’t be penalized for using these sentences or phrases correctly (unless you use too many of them) – they will just be quietly passed over in the search for real nuggets.

Then we come to examples Paragraph Two, and finally we HAVE struck gold. Great ideas here, fully supported. Your essay is looking MUCH better! There is a problem with the first sentence - it’s a fragment and needs rewriting. Secondly, in some non developed countries with valuable museums and collections can not obtain sufficient government’s subsidies. Here’s a possible rewrite: (I’m going to leave out the bit about developed or developing countries – museums have similar problems worldwide). Secondly, in some countries, valuable museums and collections cannot obtain sufficient government subsidies. There’s another problem here: Only existence, can collections be protected. I don’t know what you mean.

In these overpopulated countries fee is also used as a means to speech in urdu control the number of financial accounting examples, visitors every day, which is i mportant to protect museums’ building and structures . I think this idea needs better support. Speech For School. Most museums are happy to financial accounting examples have a large number of amy tan essays, visitors. Do they charge to exclude some people/certain groups of society/ people who would come in just because it’s raining/for political or social reasons? This is one of the financial accounting examples most important ideas in your essay, but it’s not supported enough here. It sounds only eldon tropicals, as if the floor will collapse under the financial examples sheer weight of visitors. In addition, why overpopulated? Singapore is overpopulated and so is Bahrain, but both have beautiful museums. Amy Tan Essays. What does overpopulated mean?

This paragraph is financial accounting examples, stronger than Paragraph Three, but it would benefit from being clearer. Where is amy tan essays, your opinion? You go carefully around it but don’t say it. Say it! If people cannot afford to financial visit museums, they are being excluded from their country’s history, art and achievements. Eldon Tropicals. Museums which charge high prices for admission are effectively saying that these things are for a rich elite only, not all the people of examples, a country. Obviously, fee revenue favors museum’s survival but negatively influence people’s opportunity to enrich knowledge and spare time. Here’s a simpler rewrite: Fees help museums to survive, but they also prevent people from enriching their knowledge.

In your conclusion, you wrote: In conclusion, free or charge depends on specific situation in Economy: Japan individual country. Here my question is in which countries , and if this is a supported idea or a generalization. I don’t think you can generalize by financial accounting examples entire countries. You haven’t given any examples.

In the UK, some museums are free, some are not, and it is the same in New York or in Washington DC or in Rome. Some are free on certain days, some have exhibitions that are expensive but other areas that are free. Some have two prices, one for locals and one for amy tan essays foreigners. Some museums are private, some are government-owned. I would simplify this sentence. I understand what you are trying to accounting say, but the sentence is hard work at the moment. The list needs to be parallel. A country’s government should take responsibility to Development balance functions of protection, spread and educational in museums.

Museums need to balance being open and affordable with their need for funding and security. So the financial accounting essay has a really good Paragraph Two and speech on terrorism for school an OK Paragraph Four. Accounting Examples. I’m happy with the layout and most of the sentences, but I feel you missed an opportunity to be specific in the introduction, and perhaps some examples of museums you have visited or would like to visit would help. Watch out for generalizations. Hi Ma-Frank and David. I was just looking at your discussion about the layout. As I said, I'm reasonably happy with the layout. Ma Frank has three paragraphs in the body: well-funded or important museums are justified to amy tan essays charge for admission, and accounting are worth it other less well-funded museums charge because they (1) don't have enough government funds and (2) want to Essay keep some people out keeping people out is not good.

It might be better if there were some clearer topic sentences, and if the thesis sentence had previewed what we were going to read. The important point is not the number of paragraphs, but that each paragraph has a 'clear central topic.' (Band 7, in the official descriptors for IELTS Task 2 Writing (public version) here.) I prefer simple layouts like. 3773 (intro, museums should charge, museums should not charge, conclusion) 3773 (intro, museums should not charge, museums should charge, conclusion) 35553 (intro, museums should charge, museums should charge, museums should charge, conclusion) 35553 (intro, museums should not charge, museums should not charge, museums should not charge, conclusion) . but any other layout of paragraphs is accounting, fine , as long as the topic of each paragraph is clear and Global Economy: it's easy for the reader to find out what you are saying, AND as long as you mark the accounting change from Professional Development Professionals, paragraph to paragraph. Hi Ma-Frank and David. I was just looking at examples your discussion about the layout. As I said, I'm reasonably happy with the layout. Ma Frank has three paragraphs in the body:

well-funded or important museums are justified to charge for admission, and eldon tropicals are worth it other less well-funded museums charge because they (1) don't have enough government funds and (2) want to financial examples keep some people out Pilots keeping people out is not good. It might be better if there were some clearer topic sentences, and if the thesis sentence had previewed what we were going to read. The important point is not the number of paragraphs, but that each paragraph has a 'clear central topic.' (Band 7, in the official descriptors for IELTS Task 2 Writing (public version) here.) I prefer simple layouts like. 3773 (intro, museums should charge, museums should not charge, conclusion) 3773 (intro, museums should not charge, museums should charge, conclusion) 35553 (intro, museums should charge, museums should charge, museums should charge, conclusion) 35553 (intro, museums should not charge, museums should not charge, museums should not charge, conclusion) . but any other layout of accounting, paragraphs is Pilots Essays, fine , as long as the topic of each paragraph is clear and it's easy for the reader to financial accounting examples find out Bush Pilots Essays what you are saying, AND as long as you mark the change from paragraph to paragraph. thanks admin, i revised some parts as your comments: Every country has their own museums to inherit culture and history. Some museums are not free to visitors while others are not. According to my personal knowledge museums’ cultural weigh in a specific country, economic factors and accounting examples heritage conservation maybe three main measurements to Essays justify which one is better.

Secondly, in some non developed countries museums and examples collections can not obtain sufficient government’s subsidies. So, entry fee is an important way for their operation. Only ensuring museums’ existence can collections be protected. Fee revenue can finance deficit in museums’ operation, which maintains basic expenses. Professional Of Nursing. This mode is a general way for some private museums or in examples poor countries.

Even fee is the only way for a museum’s existence in Asian or African countries due to Essay Global without governmental investment or donations. free or charge depends on specific situation in individual country. i want say in some poor countries or private museums.