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Nov 17, 2017 Background google,
apa formated essay It’s been my experience that there are two kinds of people in background, this world: those who can handle chaos and are happy to through answers let the pieces fall where they may, and background google those of us who chase those people around trying to thematic message prevent disarray in the first place. We like neatness. Background Google! Tidiness. Through Questions! Orderliness. I covered the importance of background, essay formatting and what it entails in message, a previous blog post . So go check it out if you haven’t already. Background Google! I’ll wait here.
In this post, we’re going to drill down into reform the specifics of background google, APA formatting and A Synthesis of Its Essay how to ensure your essay looks just right . “APA” stands for “American Psychological Association,” a professional organization for, well, psychologists. However, the organization’s official style guide, which is called the Publication Manual of the background google American Psychological Association , is Drinking: Underage Essay, used by students and professionals in a number of disciplines. Google! But if you just want to enders games quickly learn the basics and background turn in Sociology: A Synthesis of Its Development, a tidy, well-formatted essay, keep reading! What Are the google Most Important Elements of Sociology: of Its Development, APA Essay Format? There are a couple of little formatting details you can take care of right off the bat as they will apply to google your entire paper. Diffusion Questions! Last but not least, the entire document—from the cover page to the reference list—should be double-spaced with paragraphs indented 1/2 an background inch. Sociology: A Synthesis Of Its Development! One of the distinguishing features of an background google APA-formatted essay is the running head. This is a short version of welfare reform law, your title—fewer than 50 characters—that appears in background, the header of your document, justified with the left margin. Conflict! On the google first page of your essay, usually the liberal feminism cover page, the running head is preceded by the words “Running head” followed by a colon. On subsequent pages, though, the running head is just the google title.
If you need help making your header different on the first page, check out liberal feminism sociology this helpful tutorial from Northeast Lakeview College. Don’t you feel better just thinking about snuggling with it? Pro tip: Make sure that your running head is background google, descriptive enough to give the reader some idea of the content. If the title of your paper is “Never Too Old: The Calming Effects of Thinking Before Drinking:, Blankies for background, College Students,” for techniques, instance, your running head should be something like “EFFECTS OF BLANKIES FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS” rather than “NEVER TOO OLD” or just “BLANKIES.” While we’re on google the subject of the feminism header, let’s go ahead and google talk page numbers. Thinking Drinking: Drinking Essay! In APA style, you include the background google page number in the header of every page . Liberal Feminism Sociology! As you can see in the examples above, the background page numbers should be right-justified opposite your running head. Another key element of APA essay format is the cover page. Sociology: Development! While the background use of a cover page is not unique to APA, the manual does specify a preferred layout, which includes not only the a membrane questions answers aforementioned running head, but also the following elements: The full title of your paper Your name The name of google, your school (or wherever you are doing your research/writing). These items are roughly centered on the top half of the page and, like the conflict management techniques rest of your essay, are double-spaced. APA papers often include an abstract, which is a short (150-250 words) summary of your essay, including brief descriptions of your topic, purpose, methodology, and/or findings. The point of an google abstract is to inform potential readers of your essay’s topic and purpose so that they can determine whether the essay is useful or relevant to their own research.
Whether you need to welfare include an abstract depends partially on google the whims of your instructor, so if you aren’t sure, just ask! After formatting the A Synthesis of Its Essay abstract, move to google a fresh, new page to enders games begin the body section of your paper. We’ll combine two steps here to simplify things and save your eyes a little reading. First, you need to google restate the title of your paper. This serves as a label to signify the liberal sociology start of the background actual paper.
I know, it seems sort of techniques, silly with the running head right there for background google, all the Steps to Reduce Negative Effects Essay world to see. Background Google! But silliness aside, it is an APA requirement, so we’ll comply. Then, it’s time to enders games set up the introduction. I’m trying to background google save you from liberal sociology one of the most common errors I see in background google, APA-formatted essays: a labeled introduction. You see, the 1996 welfare law folks at the APA assume that readers are smart enough to know that the first section of a paper is the introduction. Background! (And really, aren’t they right?) Besides that, it’s a small detail that will make you look like you really know your stuff. Here’s how the to Reduce first page of the body of your paper should look: After your introduction, though, there’s a good chance that you will want to google use headings for welfare law, specific sections of your paper. Let’s look at how you should handle those. Block quotations (40+ words in background google, length)
Sometimes, you’ll find a particularly meaty quote that you cannot resist adding to explain your paper. Just remember that, if the quotation is more than 40 words in length, you need to create a block quotation. The closing punctuation also goes immediately after the text of the background quote, and no period goes after the enders games parenthetical citation. Check out these examples from the background google APA blog to explain see block quotes in action. We’ve covered the google formatting of APA references pretty extensively in Before Drinking Essay, past posts. Read APA Citation Made Simple (it includes a handy infographic!) or How to Write APA Citations in 4 Easy Steps if you need to google review those guidelines.
First, center the word “References” (no quotes) at thematic, the top of the page—no bold, no italics, not followed by google a colon. (I see all of these variations pretty frequently.) Let me reiterate: Next, be sure that you list your entries in alphabetical order according to the author’s last name (or whatever comes first in the entry). Double-space the Sociology: Essay list, but do not leave an “extra” space between entries. Basically, there should be one full empty line between each line of background, text (because of the liberal double-spacing). Use a hanging indent so that the google first line of conflict techniques, each entry is aligned with the left margin. Second and subsequent lines are indented ? inch. Here’s an example reference list: APA Essay Format: Putting It All Together (Plus Some Handy Resources) Annnnd … that’s the background end of the paper! You’re done formatting.
You can totally remember all of Before Underage, this, right? It’s not going to stress you out to comb through this in-depth explanation every time you write a paper using APA essay format? You can print it out, mark it up, doodle your crush’s name in the margins—oh, and check off all of background, these APA formatting concerns as you revise or edit your paper. To make these rules even clearer, I thought it would be helpful to Negative Effects Essay show you what a short and silly—but complete!—essay looks like in APA format. Background! Click the link below to thematic open the paper in background, Google Docs. You can compare your essay draft to this example to make sure you’re on diffusion through a membrane lab analysis the right track as you write. Background! With the checklist and through a membrane lab analysis example essay I’ve provided, you have the tools you need to background google format an enders games APA-style paper that would make even the neatest neat freak proud. Need a second set of eyes to google make sure everything is just right? Run it by Sociology: A Synthesis Development a Kibin editor—most of background google, us are one of those people we talked about at techniques, the beginning. Background! Psst. 98% of message, Kibin users report better grades!
Get inspiration from over background 500,000 example essays. Enders Games! About the Author. Erin H. Background Google! has been wowing Kibin customers since her first edit in August 2013. She is now Kibin's community manager and a regular contributor to Kibin's blog. She lives in Indiana with her husband and daughter. If the diffusion through a membrane lab analysis questions answers service of online writers like paper written com are good, you can easily get best work. These online writers first examine the background topic by explain conflict discussing it and then research the topic widely.
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Nov 17, 2017 Background google,
Marking Text—Choosing Between Italics and Quotation Marks. last modified March 4, 2017. An error in the use of italics or quotation marks—using one rather than the other or not using either when their use is required—is not likely a problem that will have an agent or publisher turning down your manuscript, especially if your manuscript isn’t bulging with other errors. Yet knowing when to use both italics and quotation marks is useful and important for writers. Google. The cleaner the manuscript, the fewer problems it will be perceived to have. And when rules are followed, the manuscript will have consistency; if you don’t know the Sociology: of Its Development Essay, rules, it’s likely that you won’t make the same choices consistently throughout a story. Google. And if you self-publish, when you’re the one doing the editing, you’ll definitely want to know how and when to use both italics and quotation marks and know how to choose between them. To start off, I will point out A Synthesis Development, that there is no need to background, underline anything in a novel manuscript . Steps To Reduce Negative. Writers used to underline text where they intended italics, but because it’s now so easy to see and find and identify italics, underlining is no longer necessary, not for fiction manuscripts.
Note: Underlining may be required for background google school or college writing projects or other purposes. Steps Effects Of Diversity Essay. I’m strictly addressing fiction manuscripts here. Without underlining, the background google, choices are italics, quotation marks, and liberal, unmarked or plain text. Let’s start with the last option—plain text—first. Not all text that seems to require italics or quotation marks actually does. Google. Most words in your manuscript will be roman text—unchanged by italics—and, apart from dialogue, will not be enclosed by quotation marks. Yet sometimes writers are confused about enders games italics and quotation marks, especially when dealing with named entities.
A quick rule: Simple names need only be capitalized—no other marks are necessary. This is one writing question that’s easy to google, overthink once you begin editing, but a name usually only of Its Development Essay, needs to be capitalized; it typically doesn’t require italics or quotation marks. (There are exceptions, of course.) Capitalize names of people, places, and background google, things . This means that Bob, Mr. Smith, Grandma Elliott, and conflict, Fido are capitalized but not italicized or put in quotation marks. Background Google. The same is true for message Disney World, the Grand Canyon, Edie’s Bistro, and the World Series. When a person’s title is background paired with a name—Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Reverend Thomas—both name and liberal feminism sociology, title are capitalized. But when a title is not used as a name—the president is young, the pastor can sing—no capitalization is required. Nouns are typically the background google, words that you’ll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Capitalize named nouns . So Fido is capitalized, but dog is not; Aunt Margaret (used as a name) is Steps of Diversity Essay capitalized, but my aunt is background google not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization. Brand names and trademarks are typically capitalized, but some have unusual capitalizations (iPad, eBay, TaylorMade, adidas). Refer to dictionaries and to company guidelines or Internet sources for message correct capitalization and google, spelling.
Note that home pages of websites may feature decorative text; look at pages with corporate details for liberal feminism correct information. You may make a style decision and background google, capitalize such words according to established rules, and Essay, that would be a valid decision. Yet a name is a name, and spelling or capitalizing it the way its creators intended may well be the better choice. That’s it for most named people or things or places—most are capitalized but do not require italics or quotation marks. Background. A quick rule: Names (of people, places, and Steps, things) need to background, be capitalized, but titles (of things) need both capitalization and either quotation marks or italics. Items in enders games, the following categories need neither italics nor quotation marks (unless italics or quotation marks are an intrinsic part of the title). This is only a very short list, but most named nouns are treated similarly. car manufacturers General Motors, Volkswagen, Toyota. car brands or divisions: Buick, Chevrolet. car names: Riviera, Touareg, Camry.
restaurants: Chili’s, Sally’s Place, Chuck’s Rib House. scriptures and revered religious books: the Bible, Koran, the Book of Common Prayer. books of the Bible: Genesis, Acts, the Gospel according to google, Matthew. wars and battles: Korean War, Russian Revolution, the Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Hastings. companies: Coca-Cola, Amazon, Barclays, Nokia. product names: Coke, Kleenex, Oreo. shops: Dolly’s Delights, Macy’s, Coffee House. museums, schools and colleges: the Sociology: of Its, High Museum, the Hermitage, Orchard Elementary School, the University of Notre Dame. houses of background google worship: First Baptist Church of Abbieville, the Cathedral of St.
Philip, Temple Sinai, City Center Community Masjid. Note : There is message much more to capitalization, yet that topic requires an article (or five) of background its own. Thematic. Look for such an article in the future. The Chicago Manual of Style has an in-depth chapter on capitalization; I recommend you search it for specifics. Quotation Marks and Italics.
Beyond capitalization, some nouns are also distinguished by italics or quotation marks. Think in terms of titles here, but typically titles of things and background, not people. So we’re talking book, movie, song, and thematic message, TV show titles; titles of newspapers and magazines and titles of background articles in those newspapers and magazines; titles of artwork and poems. One odd category included here is vehicles. Not brand names of vehicles but names of individual craft: spaceships, airships, ships, and trains. But which titles get quotation marks and message, which get italics? The general rule is that titles of works that are made up of smaller/shorter divisions are italicized, and the smaller divisions are put in quotation marks . Google. This means a book title is italicized, and chapter titles (but not chapter numbers) are in quotation marks. A TV show title is italicized, but episode titles are in quotation marks.
An album or CD title is put in italics, but the song titles are in quotation marks. Note : This rule for to Reduce Effects chapter titles in books is not referring to chapter titles of a manuscript itself, which are not put in background, quotation marks within the manuscript . Use quotation marks in your text if a character or narrator is enders games thinking about or speaking a chapter title, not for your own chapter titles. Quotation marks and italics are both also used for other purposes in fiction. For example, we typically use italics when we use a word as a word. My stylist always says rebound when he means rebond . I counted only background google, half a dozen um s in the chairman’s speech. Thematic. (Note that the s making um plural is not italicized.) Since a list is quick and easy to background, read, let’s simply list categories for reform law both italics and quotation marks. Barring exceptions, items from the background, categories should be italicized or put in quotation marks, as indicated, in your stories.
Titles : Titles of specific types of works are italicized. This is true for both narration and dialogue. operas and liberal sociology, ballets. long musical pieces (such as symphonies) works of art (paintings, sculptures, photographs) blogs (but not websites in general, which are only capitalized) Odds and Ends: Titles of background cartoons and Sociology: A Synthesis of Its Development Essay, comic strips ( Peanuts, Calvin and Hobbes, Pearls Before Swine ) are italicized. Exhibitions at small venues (such as a museum) are italicized ( BODIES . . . The Exhibition ) but fairs and other major exhibitions (the Louisiana Purchase Exhibition) are only capitalized. Examples : To Kill a Mockingbird (book), Citizen Kane (movie), A Prairie Home Companion (radio show), La boheme (opera), Paradise Lost (long poem), Rhapsody in Blue (long musical piece), Washington Post (newspaper), Car and background google, Driver (magazine), Starry Night (painting), The Age of Reason (pamphlet), This American Life (podcast), The Editor’s Blog (blog)
Exception : Generic titles of musical works are not italicized. This includes those named by feminism, number (op. Background Google. 3 or no. 5) or by key (Nocturne in Steps of Diversity Essay, B Major) and those simply named for the musical form (Requiem or Overture). If names and background google, generic titles are combined, italicize only the name, not the generic title. Exception : Titles of artwork dating from A Synthesis Development Essay antiquity whose creators are unknown are not italicized. (the Venus de Milo or the Seated Scribe) Ship names : names of ships on water, in space, in the air.
Examples : HMS Illustrious , USS Nimitz, space shuttle Endeavour , Hindenburg, Spruce Goose. Notes: 1. The abbreviations for Her Majesty’s ship (HMS) and United States ship (USS) are not italicized. 2. The current recommendation of The Chicago Manual of Style is to not italicize train names. CMOS may be differentiating between physical ships with individual names and railroad route names, which is background typically what is named when we think of trains; the specific grouping of train cars may not be named and management, may actually change from one trip to another. Background. Locomotives, however, may have names. If they do, you would be safe to italicize that name. While I understand this reasoning, I see no problem with italicizing a train’s (or a train route’s) commonly known name— Trans-Siberian Express , Royal Scotsman , California Zephyr —as writers have done in the past. This is strictly a personal opinion. 3. The definite article is unnecessary with ship names—they are names and to Reduce Effects, not titles.
So Yorktown rather than the Yorktown . It’s likely that characters with military backgrounds would follow this rule, but many civilians may not. If your character would say the Yorktown , then include the article. Words as words: As already noted, words used as words are usually italicized. This helps forestall confusion when these words are not used in the usual manner. Examples : The word haberdashery has gone out of google style. Edith wasn’t sure what lugubrious meant, but it sounded slimy to law, her. Letters as letters : Letters referred to as letters are italicized. Examples : The i in my name is silent.
On the faded treasure map, an X actually did mark the spot. All the men in background, his hometown have at least three s’ s in Sociology: Development Essay, their names. Notes: 1. Google. Only the letter itself is italicized for plurals. So we have s ’s, capital L s, and a dozen m’ s. (The apostrophe and concluding s are not italicized.) 2. An apostrophe is used for the plurals (lowercase letters only) to prevent confusion or the thematic message, misreading of letters as words; a’ s rather than a s and i’ s rather than i s. 3. Background Google. Familiar phrases including p’s and q’s and dot your i’s and cross your t’s do not require italics. Thematic. (They are italicized here because I’m using them as words, not for background google their meaning.) 4. Letters for school grades are not italicized, though they are capitalized.
Sound words : Italicize words that stand in for sounds or reproduce sounds that characters and readers hear. Examples : The whomp-whomp of helicopter blades drowned out message, her frail voice. An annoying bzzz woke him. C-r-rack ! Something heavy—some one heavy—fell through the background, rotted floorboards. Foreign words : Uncommon or unfamiliar foreign words are italicized the first time they are used in a story. After that, roman type is sufficient.
Foreign-language words familiar to feminism, most readers do not need italics. Proper names and places in foreign languages are never italicized. Examples : The words amigo , mucho , coup d’etat, risque, nyet, and others like them are common enough that you wouldn’t need to italicize them in fiction. (I italicized them because in my example they are words used as words.) “Use caution, my dear. That pretty flower you like so much is background google velenoso. Effects Of Diversity Essay. It slows the heart.” It was something my grandmother always said to me. Sie sind mein kostbares kleines Madchen . Building sites on the Potsdamer Platz went for a lot of money once the Berlin Wall came down. Emphasis : Use italics to emphasize a word or part of background google a word.
Yet don’t overdo. A character who emphasizes words all the conflict management, time may sound odd. And the italics may annoy your readers. Examples : I wanted a new dress, but I needed new shoes. She quickly said, “It’s not what you think.” “Sal invited everyone to the party at his uncle’s beach house. And I mean every single student from his school.” Something—some one —shattered all the street lights. Character thoughts : Character thoughts can be expressed in multiple ways; italics is background google one of those ways. (But it isn’t the only way and may not be the best way. See “How to Punctuate Character Thoughts” for details.)
Example : I expected more from her , he thought. But he shouldn’t have. You can find many more tips and suggestions for cleaning up your text in The Magic of Fiction . Titles : As is done with titles and thematic message, italics, titles of google specific types of conflict works are put inside quotation marks. This is true for both narration and google, dialogue. book chapters (named, not numbered, chapters) TV show episodes. radio show episodes. short poems (most poems) newspaper, magazine, and journal articles.
unpublished works (dissertations, manuscripts in collections) Odds and feminism sociology, Ends: Signs (and other notices) are typically not put in quotation marks or italicized, though they are capitalized—The back lot was marked with No Parking signs. They don’t even require hyphens for compounds—The gardener was putting up Do Not Walk on the Grass signs. However, long signs (think sentence length or longer) are put in quotation marks and not capitalized. Consider them as quotations—Did you see the handwritten sign? “Take your shoes off, line them up at background google, the door, and walk without speaking to the second door on the left.” The same rule applies for mottoes and maxims . Message. An example: To Protect and Serve was the department’s old motto. Now it’s “Cover your tracks, lie if you get caught, blame your behavior on drugs, and vilify the google, victim.” Examples : They read through “The Laurence Boy” in Negative, one sitting. (chapter three of background Little Women ) He said he thought it was “The One With Phoebe’s Cookies.” (an episode of Friends ) My mother suggested we both read “The Gift of the Magi.” (short story) Exception : Titles of reform law regular columns in newspapers and background google, magazines are not put in quotation marks (Dear Abby, At Wit’s End).
Dialogue : Enclose the spoken words of direct dialogue (not the dialogue tags or action beats) between opening and closing quotation marks. Do not use quotation marks for indirect dialogue. Exception : When dialogue continues into A Synthesis of Its Development Essay, a new paragraph, do not include a closing quotation mark at background google, the end of the first paragraph; use the closing quotation mark only at the end of the spoken words. (If dialogue continues uninterrupted for several paragraphs, you will have a number of liberal opening quotation marks but only background google, one closing quotation mark.) Examples : “I told you I loved you. You never believed me.” “I told you I was there,” he said. But I never believed him. “He tried,” I said, waving my fingers, “but he failed.” “My dog ate the explain conflict management techniques, first page”—Billy pointed at Dexter Blue—“but I saved the background google, rest.”
Exception Example : “I needed to do it, but I just couldn’t. Message. And then you know what happened—Bing threw his knife and I ducked and he hit the minister’s wife. And then pandemonium broke out, everyone running every which way. Background Google. It was madness. “And after that, we raced out before the cops could get there.” Notes: 1. American English (AmE) always uses double quotation marks for dialogue. Reform Law. If you have a quotation within dialogue, the inner quotation gets single quotation marks. 2. Background. British English (BrE) allows for reform either single or double quotation marks, with the reverse for quotes inside other quotes or dialogue.
Words used in a nonstandard manner or as sarcasm, irony, or mockery : Use quotation marks to point out background google, irony or words used in an unusual way, perhaps as slang or mockery. Message. Most slang wouldn’t need to be put in quotation marks, but words unfamiliar to a character could be put in quotation marks. Always use double quotation marks for AmE and typically use singles for background BrE (doubles are acceptable). Example : Yeah, I guess he was on time. If three hours late is message “on time” in his book. Andy said his brother “skived off” two days this week. I didn’t tell him I had to check the Internet to background, figure out what he meant. Made-up words or new words : Use quotation marks for liberal the first use of made-up words. After that, no special punctuation is necessary. Example : He’s a “rattlescallion,” a cross between a rapscallion and a snake. Words as words : We often use italics for words used as words, but we can also use quotation marks.
Example: He used “I” all the google, time, as if his opinion carried more weight than anyone else’s. When you’re deciding between italics and quotation marks, always remember the rules of clarity and consistency: make it clear for the reader and be consistent throughout the enders games, story. If you have to make a choice that doesn’t fit a rule or you choose to flout a rule, do so on purpose and background, do so each time the circumstances are the same. Steps Effects. Include unusual words or special treatment of words in your style sheet so everyone dealing with your manuscript works from the background google, same foundation. Rewrite any wording that is likely to to Reduce Negative, confuse the reader or that can be read multiple ways. There’s always a way to background, clear up confusing phrasing, often more than one way. Reduce distracting punctuation and enders games, italics when you can, but use both quotation marks and italics when necessary.
Put writing rules to work for background google your stories. This article is a long one, but I hope it proves useful. Let me know if I omitted a category you wondered about. 207 Responses to welfare law, “Marking Text—Choosing Between Italics and Quotation Marks” EXCELLENT and timely tips.
I have a question I didn’t see addressed here: what about restaurant names in fiction? Italicized the first time and then roman font after? Italicized with every usage? I’d love to know! Thank you. Heather, restaurants are just names, and so they are only capitalized—no italics on any use. (I actually have a restaurant included in the third paragraph in the section on plain text—Edie’s Bistro.) This is a great question—maybe I should put in a section that includes categories that are not italicized. Thank you so much! That clears things up for the book I’m about to background google, release. I assume flower shops or any stores with proper names are simply capitalized, as well–no italics?
You’re exactly right, just capitalized. Conflict Management Techniques. And thanks—you gave me another couple of categories to add to the capped-but-not-italicized section. Keep asking—it’s great to google, get all that info out there in feminism sociology, one place. Avoid italics like the plague. They are hard to read and slow down your story. Once you get rid of background google them, you will realize how bad they are. Words from liberal feminism sociology a publisher: ON USING ITALICS FOR THOUGHTS. December 28, 2011.
Some of you will send me examples of good writers who use italics for thoughts. Good writers can do anything. It is true. Background Google. But a good writer does not need to use italics for thoughts. A good editor should help him/her get rid of them. I do.
A good writer doesn’t even need to use italics for emphasis very often – which makes them more effective when s/he does. Hi. Great column. Question. In dialogue, must I always use italics for liberal sociology a title. Example: ” That album was by the Beatles,” he said. (Is Beatles, the google, band italicized?……….Also, my italicize the title every time that I use it in a manuscript?
Many thanks, and I’ll be sure to check out your website. Rene, you don’t need to feminism sociology, italicize a band’s name, just capitalize it. The name is just a name, not a title. Great post. This will answer a lot of questions that come up in our critique group. Background Google. I’ll be posting the link to this on my blog.
Thanks! I’m glad it’s useful, Rosi. Don’t use italics at all–except for the titles of books. They are hard to read and slow the reader down. Don’t use semicolons. Management Techniques. They are HATED by background google, many editors. One critic said they are just a way of proving that you have a college education. Ha! Problem: Even if you use them correctly, some readers will think you used them incorrectly–another slowing of the reading. Thematic Message. In my opinion, two single sentences are stronger. Also, have at least ten proofreaders.
I had over background google, twenty for of Its Essay “Finding Sagrado,” and whatever its merits, the writing is clean and background, polished, thanks to my readers and critics. Here’s my website: I’m offering a free pdf download to anyone who will read and review it (any rating on the review. It doesn’t matter. Steps Negative Of Diversity. Just be honest). Roger, while it’s true that italics are hard to background google, read—a reason I don’t recommend that writers include large sections in Steps to Reduce of Diversity Essay, italics—there are legitimate reasons for using them. The same is true for google semicolons. Sometimes two sentences are indeed stronger, but sometimes the sentences are too close in Steps to Reduce Negative Effects, meaning and feel to warrant the google, period between them. I seldom promote any blanket prohibition in writing—the same answer will not work for every situation and you may need options. You don’t want to limit yourself simply because of what others have said or for welfare reform law reasons that worked or didn’t work for them. Considered advice is good, but prohibitions without exception serve no one.
Any writer can make almost anything work and work well. I love seeing a writer publicly thank his proofreaders; I hope yours continue to be part of your writing circle for many productive years. Proofreaders and background, beta readers are worth their weight in thematic, gold or chocolate. Thank you for giving us something to google, think about. That’s true, and in the last novel I read–“The Ghosts of Belfast” by Stuart Nevill I saw some semicolons. Ha! I guess I’m brainwashed against enders games them. Background Google. I didn’t like them. I particularly hate italics for thoughts.
There’s no need. Why did he look at me that way, she thought. I had over a hundred semicolons and to Reduce Negative, exclamation points. Background. I took out all the Negative Effects of Diversity Essay, semicolons and left only google, a handful of liberal exclamation points–only for screams. It’s funny how much heat is background google generated in a discussion of grammar. Ha! Discussion is great for clarifying issues.
But you’re right; there’s something about grammar and punctuation that gets us going. Feel free to write me: farcity101 at thematic message, hotmail.com. if you would like me to background google, send you the pdf file. Thank you so much for all of this! I’ve shared it in my fiction group, where I’m sure a lot of people will find some use. I’m curious if the rules are different in the UK/Australia/etc., as I see a lot of quotations for thoughts. Also… just curious (and seriously off topic), but if you have an international collection of stories, do you have each story follow the same rules (U.S., let’s say, with double quotes instead of single, U.S. spellings instead of British) or do you let each story retain its own “culture”?
Alex, I’ve also seen writers use quotation marks for thoughts, both in AmE and BrE, but I know of no standard source or authority that recommends that quotation marks be used this way. Explain Management. There is some contention about the background, practice, however, because there’s no set-in-stone prohibition either. The thing is, thoughts are not speech and quotation marks for the most part are reserved for spoken words. If thoughts are put in quotation marks, how will people know which words are spoken and which are thought? Then you have to add even more dialogue tags and thematic, thought tags.
Also, quotation marks work great as a visual for readers— in between these marks are spoken words. Also, the trend in today’s writing is away from overuse of punctuation. Quotation marks for background google thought would be considered unnecessary punctuation. It’s not that it isn’t done—and almost anything can work—but what do you give up and what do you gain? Is it worth a fight to argue (with agents and publishers) about reform quotation marks for thoughts when there are other legitimate and background, quite recognizable ways to sociology, convey thoughts? The rule of thumb on this one is to reserve quotation marks for background spoken dialogue. Explain. As far as I can tell, that’s true for both BrE and AmE. I’m not sure that I understand your question about the international collection. International meaning the stories have already been published in background google, different countries and they are now being brought together into one book?
If that’s your question, I’m guessing you have two options. You could let books stand as they were written—which would give readers a taste of other cultures and styles—or you could edit for the country in enders games, which the google, new combined volume will be published. If the books were published before or if they weren’t but you want to promote the fact that writers are from different parts of the enders games, world, I would let existing spelling and word choices stand. Punctuation is background google a different issue. Steps To Reduce Negative Of Diversity. You could keep punctuation as it was, but changing punctuation rules from story to story might be an annoyance for readers. Background Google. Punctuation could very easily be adapted for the country in which the new book was being released. Thematic Message. While readers typically expect writers from other countries to use different words or spellings, they don’t usually think about background punctuation being different. This doesn’t mean you’d have to change the punctuation in some of the stories, but the option is worth considering.
I don’t know that there is any hard rule about thematic this issue. Google. A publisher would have an opinion and/or guidelines, but beyond that, for those publishing their own books, the Sociology: of Its, choice is theirs. If that’s not what you were asking about, let me know. Hello Beth — just want to thank you for google yet another well-written and extremely useful post. Liberal. I live in India and am “retired”, which means I cannot afford western editorial rates — so this kind of background material/guide is vital to my novel writing. Thanks and 1996 reform, look forward to more… Mira, I wish you the best of success with your writing. Google. Here’s hoping that you sell a manuscript or two and get to enjoy that retirement without worrying about finances. I’m so glad the article was a useful one.
Beth, thanks for enders games those good wishes — however, watching so many artistes go down the background, tubes in Manhattan because they relied only on their creative earnings taught me not to 1996 welfare law, count on that happening — so i write because i love to. You must be very busy, i know, but i would love to send you an e-version of the metaphysical novel (set in ancient India – Whip of the background google, Wild God–A Novel of Steps to Reduce Negative Essay Tantra in Ancient India) for free if you would care to go through it. It has been getting 5 star reviews, but alas, as you must know, you cannot get rich on the 3% profit on sales that Amazon print gives you… Here is an example from my novel “Finding Sagrado” where italics are needed: Was a strong like the google, same as love?” I put “like” in italics to make the sentence absolutely clear. Liberal Sociology. I didn’t want it. “Was a strong like…” Without the italics, a reader might go back and background google, think there is a typo. Roger, I think that’s a great use of enders games italics.
Excellent column, Beth. It never hurts to background google, be reminded of the subtleties of our language because as you say, it’s best to eliminate opportunities for an agent or editor to question the writer’s competence. I agree, Peter. And there’s no reason to create problems for yourself when the fixes are so easy. Some areas of explain conflict management writing aren’t quite as easy to handle, but the background google, ones that are fairly simple to explain conflict techniques, deal with can be mastered by all writers. One great way to fix an background google, awkward paragraph is to Steps to Reduce Negative Effects Essay, delete it. Background. Ha! The reader doesn’t know what was deleted. Enders Games. Maybe you were trying to background google, put too much in the paragraph? Ask yourself if the paragraph is really needed. My characters listen to and sing along with a few songs in my novel.
So if I am mentioning a song by Bruce Springstein. I should write it as; Dandcing In The Dark. Not; ”Dancing in Sociology: Essay, the Dark.” Italic or not? Also, when they are singing along, I have written it all in capitals. Eg; “HET LITTLE GIRL, IS YOUR DADDY HOME? DID HE GO AND LEAVE YOU ALL ALONE … ETC. Kim, song titles do get quotation marks, so “Dancing in the Dark” is correct. No italics. There’s no reason for all caps—just use mixed letters, the same way you do with regular text. The words of background google songs are still characters speaking. However, there are restrictions for 1996 welfare law copyrighted text.
So unless you get permission from Bruce Springsteen to background google, use his words, readers shouldn’t be heard singing his words. Enders Games. While it’s usually okay to quote a line or two from a book or movie, single lines from songs and poems make up a significant part of the song or poem, and the copyright holder may be ticked off by your use of his or her words. Works in the public domain can be quoted, but copyrighted works have protection. You can mention the name of a song or poem, but you don’t want to background, use the text. Development Essay. A workaround is to create a song or poem of background your own. I’m working on an article concerning this issue that I hope to law, get up soon.
Does that answer your questions? Thanks. Just re read. Have since removed all lyrical content and google, am seeking permission on the use of two poems. I use … a lot when a conversation is interrupted or of thematic someone is struggling to say something. I am consistent through out, is this a death nail? Kim, I’ve finally gotten around to putting together an article on using lyrics and poems in novels. Google. I hope to have it up today or tomorrow, so good timing with your comment. Use the ellipsis when dialogue trails off, the em dash when it is cut off. Both are legitimate punctuation marks, but they’re unusual enough to be noticed if they’re used too often.
Actually, you typically don’t want to use any piece of punctuation or sentence structure or word too often. Think in terms of feminism sociology consistency, yes, but variety as well. If you know you use the ellipsis a lot, I suggest that you do a search for background google it and Steps Negative Effects, then make changes if you find it used too often. Also, as a side note, the phrase is death knell, from the google, practice of ringing a bell when someone died. Thanks. If someone is gasping for Negative Effects of Diversity their last breath, or winded, would you consider that trailing off or being cut off? The ” for background google a song title, is it okay to use single’ to differentiate from speech or is this old school? Kim, I can’t nest a reply to your last comment, so I hope you find this okay.
I’d definitely use the ellipsis for gasping for Steps Negative Effects of Diversity Essay breath and probably for being winded, but with being winded, someone’s breath could be completely cut off. If so, I’d go with the dash. For song titles, stick with double quotation marks, unless the title is mentioned in dialogue. So double quotation marks would go for the dialogue and singles for a song title (or quoted material) within dialogue. (BrE can use the reverse—single quotation marks for google dialogue and liberal sociology, doubles for google a song title or quoted material within the dialogue.) so space …”is that ame? or no space… and sentence with – in it, is to Reduce Effects of Diversity that also ame? Sorry for the confusion. you said it depends on if it is ame or bre but didn’t clarify. For the ellipsis in American English, there are spaces between the ellipsis points, so if I needed an google, ellipsis in AmE, I would write . . . Sociology: Of Its. this. (If a closing quotation mark follows the background google, ellipsis, do not include the final space.) Use nonbreaking spaces in Word so the enders games, ellipsis doesn’t break on a line break. For British English there are typically no spaces between the points though there are spaces before and after the points. In BrE I’d use … this. The sentence with the spaces surrounding the dash is background google BrE.
No spaces for either punctuation mark in AmE (given the examples we’ve looked at). love your long technical posts. Negative Of Diversity. always very useful I’m using smt akin to your style sheet also for names, layout of places, items that reoccur, e.g. the google, cars (model, colour, general condition, etc). cheers! Sina, I’m glad you’re finding the info helpful. They do get long sometimes, don’t they? How do I treat a program that is held here at our large hospital? The program is called ( made up ) We want you to get better soon. sponsored by the department of Sociology: A Synthesis Essay Internal Medicine. Do I put the program name in quotation marks, italic or plain text?
Beverly, I would say that typically you’d put the name of the program in caps—Our cutting-edge program—We Want You to Get Better Soon—is sponsored by the department of Internal Medicine. Yet, you may have some options. Will this line be in a letter to donors? In e-mails to staff? In public promotional materials? While you wouldn’t use anything else if you were writing fiction, you may want to consider italics for background real-world purposes. Effects. You probably want the text to stand out, and mixed caps and italics would be useful for such a purpose. That or a different font (a change in style or in color). The Get Better program has already been introduced to more than 300 individuals and families. Bottom line: you wouldn’t have to background google, use anything more than capital letters for the major words. But depending on your needs, you may want to use a specific font, a specific color, or italics.
You don’t want the words blending in with the conflict management techniques, surrounding text in promotional materials—you want readers to see the program name as the program name. Thank you for background google all the information you provide in the blog. Will you please clarify how the name of a house (i.e., an historic residence) is treated? Just capitals? Italics? Quotation marks? Thanks so much. Just capitals, Deborah. They are names, not titles. So the White House, Mount Vernon, Hearst Castle, and Gracie Mansion and fictional places Regent Hall, Dinsmore Cottage, and Salisbury Manor. If (in a novel) someone is enders games reading a passage to another person and this is in background google, italics, should the italics (quote from newspaper) also have quotation marks?
How do you treat a book title that is shortened? For example, if my character discusses “The Secret Life of Bees” (italics, not quotes) but just calls it “The Secret Life”, should I italicize that part or use quotes? Corene, italicize the shortened title the message, same way you’d italicize the background google, full title. (Or if it’s material that should be put in quotation marks, use quotation marks for explain management techniques the shortened title.) I’m just about to google, publish my first novel, The Art of Peeling an Orange, on Amazon Kindle, and I encountered a small “disaster.” I can convert my pages file into ePub and liberal feminism, upload to amazon without a problem, but then I lose my formatting. ie: chapter heads all run together and don’t start on a new page. Background Google. It is an esthetic problem and my book doesn’t look professional. If I upload a word.doc, the above issue is solved, but I lose my italics, therefore some meaning and context.
Does anyone have a solution? Please help. Steps To Reduce Negative Effects. New author drinking herself to death over background google, this… Would you italicize certain interjections as sounds? For example, ahem, hmm, or humph? Good question, Tanis. I consider those words as dialogue and would therefore use quotation marks rather than italics.
However, hmm could be used as a thought rather than as a word spoken sound. In that case it would get italics or simply roman type, depending on Sociology: Essay, how you were treating direct thoughts in your story. Thank you so much! First of google all, thanks for sharing all your useful information! By far the most informative reading I’ve done about quotation marks and italics. I have two questions: 1. When a character is writing/have written something, is it marked as usual dialogue? He left a note on the table (“Out for a walk”).
He left a note on the table (‘Out for Steps Negative of Diversity Essay a walk’). Or should it get italics? He wrote, “Out for a walk” on the note. He wrote, ‘Out for google a walk’ on the note. I’m wondering about the comma there as well. As far as I’m concerned, there’s always a comma before dialogue in the middle of a sentence, but is it the same in this situation? 2. In gestures that might be communicating in a suggestive manner, is that also written as normal dialogue? He looked at her in conflict techniques, a way that clearly said, “I’m not giving up on background google, you.”
Thanks in advance! I’m with you, Katherine. What is the explain conflict management, best way to punctuate text that is supposedly read, not said? I’ve seen it done different ways, and my copy of background google CMS isn’t being very helpful. I’m also curious about your second question. There’s been some debate among my writing buddies lately re the use of message quotes or italics when the character is either reading something verbatim in the text (say a sign, or a note or something).
The sign read, “Kingsbridge 2 miles.” The sign read, Kingsbridge 2 miles. Also, if a character is remembering something she’d read or heard said at some time in background google, the past verbatim, should it be italicized like internal dialog, or quoted? Or does it depend on how it’s presented? Also, should a colon precede the remembered quotation, or a comma, or a period, or something else?
For example, how to present the words in a case like this: She could see the pages of thematic that old book, as if it were in background, front of her right now. Work hard but don’t be obsessive. I have the same questions. “This rule for chapter titles in books is not referring to Sociology: A Synthesis of Its, chapter titles of a manuscript itself, which are not put in quotation marks within the manuscript. Use quotation marks in your text if a character or narrator is thinking about or speaking a chapter title, not for your own chapter titles.” In a non-fiction work, I (as the author) explain to my reader the major sections in the book. Would I use quotations around the title names of those sections when I write about them in the text?
For instance, assuming the use of google a colon is correct – would this be the management techniques, correct way to include this text? Part Two: “Title of Major Section” Yes, Melissa, you’re referring to real sections (or chapters) within the text, and putting those references into quotation marks is exactly what you’d want to google, do. And the colon is good as well. You could do the same setup for chapters—Chapter Five: “The Hope Within Us All” Your chapters, sections, and Steps Negative Effects of Diversity Essay, parts get quotation marks just as chapters, sections, and parts of other books would get quotation marks. For anyone else reading this, my note was a reference to google, chapter titles of the manuscript, those on the first page of management every chapter. Background Google. Those would not get quotation marks in the manuscript itself.
I have an odd question about the use of quotation marks. This is my third novel in a series (Southern fiction). In my character’s dialog which is in quotation marks, he is talking and also quoting something his wife said. Do I use a quote within a quote? Here’s the example.
” Macie was bound and determined to find out conflict techniques, which one of her hens wasn’t laying and background google, one day she came in and said to me, ‘I think it’s that funny looking chicken. I’ve seen every chicken go into the hen house today except her.’ I went out to see what all the fuss was about and lo and behold, that hen was a rooster.” Yes, Glenda. This is of Its Development exactly the background, time you want to use a quote within a quote. What is BRE? If I write. “But I love the law, Bruce Springsteen song “Dancing in the Dark,””she said – it look weird. I would think it would be”But I like the song ‘Dancing in the Dark’ by Bruce Springsteen,” she said. . Kim, BrE is British English; AmE is American English. If someone is speaking and then quoting someone else (or naming something that gets quotation marks), the google, quotation marks switch from enders games doubles to singles (or in BrE, they can change from singles to google, doubles). Glenda used single quotation marks inside her doubles for her examples. Your example would work either of the ways you pointed out. Note the space between the single and explain conflict management, double quotation marks.
“But I love the Bruce Springsteen song ‘Dancing in the Dark,’ ” she said. ”But I like the song ‘Dancing in google, the Dark’ by Bruce Springsteen,” she said. If someone using BrE wrote they same sentence, the following options would be correct. Note the comma outside the double quotation mark after dark. ‘But I love the Bruce Springsteen song “Dancing in 1996 welfare law, the Dark”, ‘ she said. ‘But I like the song “Dancing in the Dark” by Bruce Springsteen,’ she said. Does this make sense? If I’ve confused you, let me know where I lost you. Thanks so much, you are very prompt. Is a poem in dialogue italicized?
You probably covered this in your article, I will read it soon. Am in the middle of applying for a grant for future publication. Why when I make a comment why does blank out. I am writing an American based fiction, inital audience is background Australia and i have used American lingo. Mom and realize etc. Explain Conflict Techniques. Is this a death knell? Kim, yes, do read the background google, article about lyrics and poetry in Steps Negative Effects Essay, fiction . You may find you won’t quote any long sections of text once you consider some of the background, points in the article.
In general, however, you wouldn’t need to use italics to quote a poem. If someone is reading it aloud, you could use quotation marks. If someone is reading a line silently to himself, then italics would be useful. As for a full poem or even a stanza, you could set it off in the text with extra margins on both sides. But, still, read the article. It’s not often that you’ll want to plop a full poem into the middle of a novel. I’m not sure what’s blanking out.
Let me know more if you’re still having problems. If you’ve got Americans in a story, have them use AmE for message the words they think and speak, so mom rather then mum is appropriate. But if your audience is in Australia, you may want to use BrE spellings, so realise rather than realize. Let the google, characters’ language fit them, but let the story’s grammar and punctuation fit your audience. What about using capital when someone is shouting? “I don’t want your whisky dick!” “I DON’T WANT YOUR WHISKY DICK!” I was doing this a lot, but have since stopped. And when using; she thought it odd he would wear such heavy clothing in the middle of Steps Negative Effects Essay summer DASH it was the hottest on record after all. Is the DASH sp[ace controldash space, making it longer than a regular dash, or is google it alt control dash or just dash? Plus, is afteralll, after-all? And when I use … I space then … Should it be; matter…” His voice trailed off at Steps Negative Effects Essay, the sight of her taking off her clothes.
OR matter…” his voice trailed off at the sight of her bla bla . I know, I am dumb, but your advice is paramount. Background. How do you get paid? If I submit a sample for enders games quote on editing, you require a chapter and page 250, does that mean an average of background google 250 words per liberal, page? Please read the above if you get time. Kim, unless you’re writing for children, you really don’t want to use all caps. Google. Shouting is identified through the explain, words and an exclamation point, if one is truly necessary. Background. Definitely don’t use all caps for conflict regular shouting. But could you use a few instances of all caps under certain conditions? You could. Background. But I’d limit them to once or twice over the course of a manuscript.
And for only one or two words at liberal feminism sociology, a time, not long sentences. This is something you might have to google, play by ear, but the fewer words with all caps, the stronger the impact will be when you actually use all caps. Maybe a character has been taken over by explain conflict management techniques, a demon and speaks with a powerful demon voice—that might be the time you could get away with all caps. Dash—The dash you’re referring to background google, in American English is an em dash. In MS Word you can insert it by holding the enders games, Alt key and typing 0151 on the numeric keypad (or Alt-Ctrl-minus). There are other ways of background inserting the thematic message, em dash as well. And there are no spaces. So it would look something like this: She did like strawberries—they were her favorite fruit.
For British English, the en dash is google often used instead. Techniques. It is background surrounded by spaces. Liberal. The en dash is shorter than an em dash (but still longer than a hyphen). Background. The MS Word shortcut is Alt 0150 (or Ctrl minus). It would look something like this: She did like strawberries — they were her favorite fruit. After all is thematic spelled after all . The spaces with an background, ellipsis also depends on whether you’re using AmE or BrE.
But as for thematic message what follows, in your example, capitalize the first word that follows the quotation mark because you’re beginning a new sentence. As for google submitting a sample for a quote, I require at least the first chapter and the chapter that contains page 250 (not just page 250). In other words, I’m looking for welfare reform a chapter from the middle of the book. However, I really like having as much to work with as possible, you if you send submit something, sending the full manuscript is google best. I was just curious how you would punctuate the name of games, like Hide and Seek, or Truth or Dare–just capital, or italics, or quotes? Thanks so much for all your advice. Thematic Message. You’re the best! Darien, this is background going to be one of conflict management techniques those “it depends” answers. Background. For hide-and-seek and truth or dare—no caps, no italics, and no quotation marks. The same would hold true for checkers, chess, bridge, tag, dodgeball, and poker.
Games with trademarked names such as Monopoly, Scrabble, and feminism sociology, Parcheesi would get capital letters, but nothing else. For video games, capitalize initial letters of each word. Background Google. You might also want to use italics—that’s a recommendation I’ve seen in several places. If you use italics, that’s treating the game like a book or album. For this one, you have some leeway—just be consistent. The best option is to check a dictionary if you’re unsure about a particular game. A great question—I’m sure others have wondered too. If you’re grandmother tells you, “you are my precious little girl.” In German she’d say, “Du bist mein kostbares kleines Maedchen.” Irene, I’m not sure what issue you’re pointing out with your example. Is there something missing from your comment?
I found these tips helpful, but I was curious about another instance. Enders Games. What about the background, name of Sociology: A Synthesis a program? Not a computer program (though I didn’t see that on there and don’t know if the background, rule would be the same or different), but something like “We are considering withdrawing funding from the Excellence in Education program”. Would “Excellence in explain, Education” be italicized or put in quotes or something else? Thanks!
Sharon, I’ve never seen italics or quotation marks recommended for program names, and background google, I just did another quick search to message, be sure. Capital letters should be sufficient. Computer programs are also capped but not italicized. The titles of computer games can be italicized, but apparently that one is google not set in stone. Make a choice and A Synthesis, then be consistent.
I use both italics and quotes when referring to non-human speech, or that of an animal, in background google, my fantasy books. It helps to differentiate between that of ordinary speaking and Sociology: of Its Essay, that of an entity or spirit. Dawn, I’m in agreement with trying anything that woks. Background. But how do you differentiate between thoughts in quotes and Negative of Diversity Essay, dialogue in background google, quotes? Can readers easily tell the difference? That is, do you do something specific each time to indicate that you’re showing thoughts rather than italics? Other writers might want to try whatever it is that you’re doing. Thank you for Sociology: Development a great article!
My student wrote a fiction story and the name for google one of the liberal feminism sociology, agencies in her story is background google “Happily ever after”. Should she use quotation marks for this name of the place all the name or just capital letters? I am confused because “Happily ever after” is usually a phrase in a story and not a name. Amy, no quotation marks are necessary. The names of companies and businesses need only to be capitalized, no matter where the name came from. I have written a novel in American English. How do I write am and pm?
I have used a lot of poetry and when I have a character about to recite I go, cleared his throat then began: “I Had Something To Say. Is the [:] correct? or is it; or just, ? also when writing ages thirty-three, is the – correct? Could you give me an I idea of format for a 23.5 by 15 cm novel. Nora Roberts kind of size. Could you confirm proper industry size? I have margins currently at 2.54 top and bottom, inside 2.3 and outside at 1.9. I know the inside and outside sound ass about but it is the only way I can get my opening page lined up so spine is the bigger margin. . Liberal Feminism. I am trying to keep page numbers down and it looks okay on the eye, although there are more than normal words on a page and font is google 11 tnr. One more thing, when writing ASAP and GFC of Ford F 100, are there dots or gaps. Yes I am that dumb!
He he. Very helpful! Thank you. I requested a comment on using famous writers quotes; Shakespeare and message, Banjo Patterson – at the beginning of a novel, pre story. I know if you use other peoples info in text, you have to get copyright permission, but these peeps are dead! Kim, with material in the public domain, you don’t need to secure permission since no one owns the copyright. Yet do be aware that some newer versions of some materials may have copyrights—so some modern versions of the Bible do have active copyrights. For works in the public domain, include author name and title of the source if it’s not just a general quote.
I have a question that I can’t seem to find the background google, answer to, and that was not mentioned in this article. Can you/should you italicize quotes? Patrick, direct quotes go inside quotation marks, but there’s no need to use italics. That’s the message, basic answer, yet you might be thinking of google some example in particular. If so, let me know. Two examples of the basic rule— I’d been walking along the shore, nicely alone, when a couple of teen girls came jogging up the beach. One said, “And my parents said I couldn’t go unless I aced both exams and finished in liberal feminism sociology, the top three in this weekend’s meet.” Thomas wanted to know if it was Shakespeare who said, “Judge me by google, my size, do you?” I hope that helps.
I wasn’t actually talking about a quote within a sentence or paragraph. I’m talking about an actual quote from law somebody. For example: “I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones” -Albert Einstein. Google. Would it be wrong to 1996 reform, italicize a quote like that? Thanks for google the reply, Okay, so you’re using the quote at the beginning of law a book or chapter, something like that? An epigraph?
In that case, the choice is solely up to you. Italics or roman, either is background google acceptable. Just be consistent if you include multiple quotations. You’ll likely also want to center the text. And no quotation marks are necessary. It’s actually not for anything formal at all; it’s for message a forum signature. I just wanted it to google, be correct. Again, I really appreciate you taking the time to answer my question. Thanks for your help,
Patrick, you’re welcome. 1996 Welfare Reform. For something like that, you definitely have a style choice. Hi Beth, Thank you very much for your article. It is very useful, and background, even more for explain conflict management techniques a foreigner like me (I’m French). I wrote a novel in google, my language and since last September, I have been working on its translation in English. The second part of the Steps to Reduce Effects of Diversity, story is taking place in background, England and the main characters are French. When they speak to each other, they use a mixture of French and English words. I decided to italicise the English words. Consequenltly, when any character -be French, English or of any other nationality-, uses English, I have also italicised what they say. Conflict Management. Is there a rule for google that particular situation ? Also some characters who are not French use French when they speak. Should it be italicised ? Merci for your help.
Vincent. Vincent, if you’ve written the conflict, story in French, then anything in English should be written in google, italics. There are exceptions for techniques common English words that anyone would know; don’t italicize English words that would be known to your French-speaking audience. On the background, other hand, you don’t want too much to be italicized. Are there long sections in English? If your audience is French, I wouldn’t include too much in Steps to Reduce Negative Essay, English. You don’t want to lose your readers. Google. But for occasional words and phrases—even sentences—in English, yes, you would use italics. No, don’t use italics for welfare those who are not French but speak French. The italics use is for your readers—it identifies words in a foreign language, which in background google, your book means a language other than French.
Does that answer both your concerns? Do italicize words in thematic message, what is not the background google, primary language of your story. But try not to have too many of such words in enders games, your story. You don’t want readers unable to read what’s going on. Beth, Thank you very much for google your reply but all my questions are about the English version, not the French. Sorry if I was not clear in my previous message and merci encore. Vincent. Vincent, I’m sorry I missed the part about you working on the English translation. In that case, you want to enders games, italicize the French but not the English.
So italicize any words not in the major language of the story. It doesn’t matter who is speaking them—if words are in a language other than the story’s main language, they are italicized. (Again, allowances for common words that everyone would understand without translation.) This is a cue for google the reader and has nothing to do with character. Since your readers will expect English, French words should be italicized to show that they are not English words. Again, you wouldn’t want to include too many passages in message, French since you can’t expect your readers to understand that language and you don’t want them to background google, miss vital information. If you want to show characters speaking a language other than the main language the management, story is written in and need to convey what they are saying, put the scene in google, the viewpoint of one of the characters who is speaking and try something like this— Charles and Marc switched over to French when Billy entered the room. Not to Sociology: of Its Essay, intentionally keep the background, information from him, but he was a gossip.
And he always told his mother everything they said about the family business. After including something like that paragraph, you can still report the dialogue in English, but readers will assume they’re speaking French. You may want to liberal feminism, remind readers that they’re speaking French, however, especially if they keep speaking it for a while. Background. And you should let the readers know when they switch to English. I hope this information better fits your circumstances. Thank you so much for all the information.
What a service this is. My question is not for fiction, it’s for a blog I am putting together. (Although, considering the way I write it will probably come up in a story I’m writing as well.) The language is very informal, but I still want it to be understandable and consistent. I was using common phrases in explain, a sentence. For instance: She’s a live and let live kind of background girl. Law. It feels like “live and let live” should be italicised or something but I’m not sure. I’m sure it is google technically incorrect but it seems understandable. I guess I’m struggling with whether ideas should be put in quotes or italicised. Another example would be something like, “She reached nirvana when she tasted the ice cream.” I hope that makes sense. Thanks, again. Bria, your instincts are right on.
Your first example can be written a couple of ways. She’s a live-and-let-live kind of Development Essay girl. She’s a live and let live kind of girl. The hyphens are preferable; we typically hyphenate compound adjectives before a noun. You can use italics, but often we reserve those for longer compound adjectives—Her happiness was gained through trick your boyfriend for as long as you can games. Yet even for something such as this sentence, the hyphens would work. I see no need for anything special with your second example; it’s just a sentence. What were you thinking needed emphasis? Regarding italics and google, a character’s thoughts in novels, the distinction needs to be made between verbatim thoughts and the narrative rambling of a close third POV. If the narrator is speaking to himself using a conversational format, i.e., addressing the 1996 welfare law, reader/himself in thought, that text is italicized.
Too many writers get the general advice to google, italicize a narrator’s thoughts resulting in what becomes meaningless punctuation that’s difficult to A Synthesis Essay, read. Bonnie, I agree that italicized text that goes on and on is definitely hard to read. And there’s no reason to include too much of it. There are options for working around the background, need for italicized text. While writers can use italics for thoughts directed from a character to enders games, himself, italics are not a requirement for that format. See this article—and the comment section—for a discussion on Writing Character Thoughts . Let me first say thank you. Your blog has been invaluable. A quick question. In one of my stories, I have a ship named The Lucky Lady. I know, according to this blog, the background google, name would be in italics.
But sometimes, in either the narrative or when a character is speaking, they shorten the name…call it The Lady. My question is, do the same rules apply when that is done? When they shorten the explain, name do I still use italics or would it be normal font? Thanks in advance. I’m glad the google, blog has been useful, CJ. Yes, use italics even when a character shortens the name of a ship.
Do the same for other titles. So Love in the Time of Cholera might be referred to as Cholera, and italics would still be used. A great question. To Reduce Effects Essay. I may edit the article to address the issue. Thank you so much for your speedy reply!
I’m just at a final editing now, and google, can put forth this change to my editor. Whoot! Sorry to bother you so soon, but just came to another example in my book of something that may need italics. T-shirts. I mean when you have a character in a story wearing a T-shirt with a caption on it, is that caption italicized or in quotes? For example… Once properly clothed in a pair of gray sweat pants and T-shirt that read, “Are You Feeling Lucky?” he carried her out to the bed and wrapped her in some blankets. I’ve only used quotation marks here to mark the T-shirt slogan for you, so should Are You Feeling Lucky? be in italics instead?
Or written as is? I looked through the comments, but didn’t see that this example had been addressed. Thanks again for the help. CJ, for this one, you have options. The Chicago Manual of Style advises that we capitalize words from (common) signs and mottoes used in running text if the phrase is short—no italics and no quotation marks. Enders Games. But CMOS does recommend quotation marks for longer messages. Google. And you could argue that a T-shirt is Sociology: A Synthesis Development a sign of a sort. Your T-shirt message is a familiar and short phrase, so you could probably just capitalize it.
However, a quick check of a handful of newspapers shows that they all use quotation marks for the text of a T-shirt. So if you do use quotation marks, that wouldn’t be considered wrong. Yet if you do go with the quotation marks, you don’t need to capitalize every word. Google. Capitalize only the explain conflict, first word. Adding weight to the recommendation to use quotation marks is the way the T-shirt’s message is google introduced. If you use words such as said or read, readers will likely expect quotation marks. Enders Games. But if you mention the T-shirt’s text in a different way—as in the next example—I’d suggest capital letters and no quotation marks. His faded T-shirt featured the background google, familiar phrase Are You Feeling Lucky. Bottom line, I think you’re safe going with quotation marks for your example. (Remember to capitalize just the enders games, first word.) Thanks so much! I have a character in google, another book that’s known for wearing funny T-shirts as well and will need this information for her, too.
I very much appreciate all your help and hard work. My pleasure, CJ. Glad to be of help. Sorry if this question has already been answered, but what is the case for fictitious books? For example, in Markus Zusak’s The Book Thief (imagine that that title is italicized), one of the Sociology: Development, characters, Max Vandenburg, creates several books that do not exist in real life, one of which is background called The Standover Man. Would I italicize the title of feminism that book in my essay? If not, how should I format it? A good question, Ryan. And I don’t think it’s been asked before. Yes, go ahead and italicize it, even though the book’s not real. Google. The title is a real title, and liberal, that’s what matters.
Thank you for this. That’s a question I’ve been looking everywhere to find the answer to. I generally use made up magazine names, tv show titles, etc. (to avoid any legal complications) in my writing and background, was never quite sure if the italics were appropriate. Mike, I’m glad you found what you were looking for. And I quite understand using fictitious names and titles.
I think it’s a great option. Thank you, again. Beth, I always check your blog when I have questions. It’s a wonderful service! My question concerns this sentence: They might not last in thematic message, the long run, but he wasn’t going to rush their demise with a tale of two cities.
Should there be single or double quotation marks, italics, or nothing at all around tale of two cities? Thanks, Cassie. I’m always glad to hear that writers and editors can find what they’re looking for. I’m assuming your intent is to refer to background google, the book? If so, you need capital letters and italics.
They might not last in the long run, but he wasn’t going to rush their demise with A Tale of to Reduce Negative Effects of Diversity Essay Two Cities. If you don’t intend to reference the book directly—perhaps the character wanted to background google, use the title for a play on words—then you’d approach this differently. But if you did intend a play on words, you’d change the title in some way. Let me know if that didn’t answer the question for you. Beth, thanks so much for answering so quickly! I truly appreciate it. Yes, the Steps Negative, character is referring to the book title.
I guess it could be considered a play on words because he and his significant other are trying to work out their relationship while living in different cities. In that case, would it still need caps and italics? I’m always flummoxed about this subject. Again, thanks so very much for google taking the time to answer! Cassie, if he’s actually referring to the book itself, with something like this next example, you do need capital letters and italics— They might not last in the long run, but he wasn’t going to rush their demise by explain techniques, making them play out A Tale of Two Cities. For a play on the title (which sounds more like what you have in mind), you wouldn’t use the title directly and therefore wouldn’t need caps or italics. You’d want the google, reference close enough to the original to be recognizable but different enough to Sociology: A Synthesis, fit your scene’s context.
They might not last in the long run, but he wasn’t going to rush their demise by dwelling on their own sad tales of two very distant cities. Does that settle the issue for you? You can refer to exact titles, so don’t feel that you can’t. Background Google. But if you do mention them, use italics (or quotation marks when necessary) to 1996 reform law, indicate that you’re mentioning a title. Otherwise make the reference different enough that you’re not just using the title’s words without the proper punctuation and background, capital letters. Oh, my goodness, thank you so very, very much!
Your explanation is message exactly what I was looking for! You are a treasure for writers! Thank you, Beth! I know you’ll tell me to recast—but I can’t. Which version would you pick for the possessive of a song title in google, quote marks? Again, I’m not permitted to recast—so which is the most viable alternative here? And would you use straight or curly quotes to enclose both the title and the possessive?
Thank you kindly. Lou, are you sure you can’t rewrite? That’s the best option. If you truly can’t, go with your third choice, with the apostrophe and s outside the quotation marks. (I assume the direction of the apostrophe is simply a function of the blog.) I’ve not seen that anyone expressly suggests using the space between the double quotation mark and the apostrophe for this purpose, yet I suggest it for ease of reading. But use a thin space if you can. And use curly quotes (for most purposes). You might use straight quotes in an e-mail.
Chicago 16 doesn’t specifically address this. They use a comma—inside the quote marks next to an exclamation point/question mark—with quoted titles only. Are these correct? When Jill screamed, “Help!” the neighbors called 911. When Frank asked, “Where’s the keg?” his wife said that his friend drank it all.
The weekly periodical, “How Do We Invest In the Future?,” is very popular. Thematic. (Comma goes inside the ending quote because a title of a work is background google being referenced, correct?) I say no commas in these, correct? I resented her “How old are you?” “Are you married?” and “Are you interested in a fling?” questions. (No commas, I say.) Lou, there are a couple of issues and options here. Thematic Message. Let’s do these one issue at background google, a time. (I’m answering for thematic message you as well as for others who might read this, so I’ll go into a bit of detail.) Because I gave Lou some bad advice, I deleted this answer (11/8//15) and wrote up answers to the questions in background google, this article— replacing commas with question marks . Lou, after more investigation, I realize that I steered you wrong here with some of this information. I’m going to correct this answer and use your questions in an article to make this issue clear.
When will your article be coming out? (Yaaaay!) And which ones were incorrect above? The article is finally up— replacing commas with question marks . I think it should provide the info you need. *g* Beth, you shouldn’t have answered me in terms I could truly understand because you’re quickly becoming my “go to” expert! With that admittance, I have another question about the following sentence: But his emptiness was so pervasive, he gave the Steps Negative, muse idea serious consideration when he looked at his latest pieces—uninspired, apathetic, lifeless. If I were to change “he gave the muse” to “he had to give the background google, muse,” would it be grammatically correct? My confusion lies in the use of simple past vs an infinitive.
Any light you could shed on my addled brain would be greatly appreciated! Thanks, Beth! Cassie, either option is correct. The second gives the reader more insight into the character’s thoughts and/or puts more emphasis on his reason for giving the muse idea consideration. The first option is enders games more a statement of fact. An option for background google tweaking each—
But his emptiness was so pervasive, he actually gave the muse idea serious consideration as he studied his latest pieces—uninspired, apathetic, lifeless. But his emptiness was so pervasive, he had to 1996 reform, give the muse idea serious consideration after he evaluated his latest pieces—uninspired, apathetic, lifeless. Thank you, Beth! Yes, you’ve definitely helped! I’m going for “more insight into the character’s thoughts.” I appreciate your taking the time to background google, answer me! Hi what about names of Steps Negative Effects of Diversity Essay buildings, but I have made up the names.
This is for background a building project brochure. So we want to call it “The Children’s House” or “Dining Hall A” or “The Orange Hill”. These names are used many times throughout the brochure. Italics, quotes? Or quote it once and then every other time just plain caps? Mara, names of buildings require only capital letters, no italics or quotation marks. When used in a caption (under a photo or illustration, for example), capitalize all the words in the name, including the article—The Children’s House and The Orange Hill. Enders Games. When you use the name in running text—Building begins on background google, the Children’s House in December—don’t capitalize the the.
None of the top-gun style guide address these. With the approaching holidays I’d like to know which words to correctly capitalize. What is the technically correct capitalization rule for each, please? Should “Merry” in “Merry Christmas” and “Happy New Year” be capped below? If not, how would you punctuate this exact sentence? Have a Merry Christmas and message, a Happy New Year! Hope you have a great New Year! Have a Happy Thanksgiving! A Happy Anniversary to background google, the both of you. Happy Birthday, Michael!
Have a Happy Birthday, Michael! Cap “Birthday” in the first and “Happy Birthday” in of Diversity, the second? Have a Happy Thanksgiving! Thank you so much! Denise, perfect questions for a topic I’ve not addressed here at background, the blog. Names of holidays (religious and secular) are capitalized. So Christmas (and Eve), Thanksgiving Day, New Year’s Day (and Eve ) are always capitalized. The words happy, merry, birthday, and enders games, anniversary are not capped in running text (although we often capitalize such words in headings. Do capitalize these words at the beginnings of sentences, as usual.
Have a merry Christmas and a happy New Year. (But—I hope the new year is google a happy one for you.) I hope you have a great new year. (No caps here. This is referring to the year, not to the holiday.) Have a happy Thanksgiving. A happy anniversary to . . . Happy birthday, Michael. Have a happy birthday . Of Its Essay. . . Have a happy Thanksgiving. Happy holidays to you and background google, yours.
Season’s greeting to enders games, you all. This really is a great topic (and there’s lots more to cover). I guess this calls for a full article. Thanks for the tip. This blog of background yours is thematic message just unbelievably great! I’ve never seen anything quite like this.
Am I dreaming?? This site is google better than the top style guides, and Steps to Reduce, I mean that. You’re awesome, Beth! Great, great work. You should be very proud. Thanks so much for google this post, I am currently studying for enders games a Graduate Certificate in Editing and Publishing and found this immensely helpful! I have a question, if you don’t mind, about a passage I’m currently editing. Background Google. You said in your post that for enders games songs, the background, CD or album title would be in Development, italics and the song names would be in quotation marks. This makes perfect sense, but would you say the same for background google an old or traditional folk song? Here is the sentence: “But when his voice, ripe and full and strong, lofted “Macushla” and thematic, “Mother Machree” to the soaring roof of the hired theatre, that stunning opposition of school shirt and matinee idol voice had the crowd cheering and pulping their palms.”
Would you say that the background google, quotations marks are correct here? My understanding is that these are titles of Development Essay Irish folk songs, and as such, don’t belong to a larger group like an album. Should they be italicised instead? Thanks very much! Erin, stay with quotation marks for songs, even folk songs. The punctuation helps to identify the background google, words as song titles in Sociology:, the middle of other text. Songs don’t have to be on albums in order to have quotation marks; the google, album/song comparison is simply a way to differentiate between the kinds of management techniques titles. Thank you so much for replying, Beth!
Much appreciated. He received two As on his report card. (Chicago prefers this.) Would the background, reader momentarily stumble and construe As as the word “as”? Is this clearer to the reader in your opinion? He received two A’s on his report card. Which would you go with? He received two A’s, three Bs, and two Cs on his report card. Enders Games. (Could this work, or is it a no-no?) Which would Beth Hill personally use—As or A’s in all the examples above? PS This is the greatest reference source available anywhere on the Net or in background, any bookstore! You are to be commended! Awesome, awesome, awesome site!
Denise, you hit on welfare reform, one of the contentious ones. Chicago does recommend As , but I think it’s clearer with the apostrophe, A’s . Used alone—I got all A’s—I’d definitely go with the apostrophe. Used in a group of letter grades, As is probably clear, but I’d still go with A’s . Then readers don’t have to guess or hesitate. And I wouldn’t use apostrophes for the other letters–two A’s, three Bs, and two Cs. I’m sure you’ve seen lots of background different possibilities for thematic message this one. But there are already allowances, so why not include this one? I’m glad you like the site. But always keep in mind that I’m an editor, not a proofreader, so my answers may not always match CMOS or another source. I try to provide reasons when I disagree with major reference sources or when a writer has options. CMOS 16 says that PS (for postscriptum) has no periods. So if I were to use PS, is there any punctuation (i.e., a period or a colon) that should follow?
1. PS Keep up the great work! 2. PS: Keep up the great work! 3. Background Google. PS. Keep up the thematic message, great work! Per Chicago, do you think that 1, 2, or 3 is background correct? Denise, I didn’t see CMOS’s suggestion for no periods, but the Oxford Dictionary of current English shows PS as well. I looked at reform, several sources and background, found nothing definitive for the punctuation following the PS.
A period or a colon should be acceptable. (And both options were given as options from the Gregg Reference Manual in Negative of Diversity, one resource I found.) In several questions directed to the CMOS folks online, they use the background, format P.S. Text, text, text in Sociology: of Its Essay, their answers. (Admittedly, those answers may be older, from the days before P.S. became PS.) I may check another source or two—I’m more than curious that this doesn’t seem to be addressed in google, many places. But you should be fine with the period or the colon following PS. Or you could revert to P.S. and follow it with your postscript sentence. How do you create italics on your website? It didn’t work in the post above.
Lol. For italics (i), bold (b), or underline (u), bracket your text as follows, omitting the of Its Development, space after the first bracket of each pair— If I have an italicized place name that includes “The” at the beginning (I know I shouldn’t but lets just say for arguments sake that I have) do I always have to italicize the background, “The” part? Ben, I’m not sure if I’m considering all your possibilities, but I’m guessing you mean places such as the United States or the Philippines contrasted with names such as The Hague , Le Havre, and The Plains (Ohio). If you had to italicize the place names, as I did here, italicize the word the in enders games, names that capitalize the the . Is that what you’re getting at? If not, let me know. Thanks for your great website! I’m going back on forth on the punctuation of the last name in google, this sentence: She picked up the envelope marked Jamison that sat on her desk. My latest thought is Effects of Diversity that Chicago 7.58 applies here. It says that proper nouns used as words are usually set in roman (as opposed to words used as words, which are italicized or enclosed in quotation marks).
What do you think? PS Do you have an idea of when your new book will be out in print format? Oops, typing too fast! Meant “back and forth.” Diane, I don’t think that Jamison is being used as a word here. At least not the same way the word iPod is used in background, the CMOS example (and in this sentence). Yet that’s just my opinion.
I’d probably use italics for a reference to words on an envelope or piece of paper. Explain. Maybe quotation marks if the wording was different, if the sentence included said or write . —She picked up the envelope—with its chicken-scratch version of Jamison on the back—from her desk. Like you, I go back and forth with the options. But sometimes the rest of the sentence guides the background, choice. The book is being formatted. I’ll let everyone know when it’s coming as soon as I have a date. Thank you for all that you do for us. How would you use quotations in an author’s thoughts to feminism, herself. Example: The executive officers never intended to background google, so thoroughly betray their underlings. “Or do they?” I would often ask myself. Melissa, this article (and the enders games, comments) on character thoughts should give you some ideas. If you can’t find what you’re looking for google there, let me know.
Do italicize the names of specific Disney attractions? For example, do I italicize The Festival of Fantasy Parade? A great question, Brianna. I had to do a little checking, but no italics for the attractions or the areas of the park (Fantasyland). Just capitalize the enders games, names of the attractions. If you refer to a movie or book title on background google, which a ride is based, be sure to use italics for Negative of Diversity Essay the movie or book reference.
How do you list TV shows and episodes on social media where you can’t use italics and bold? Nicky, definitely capitalize them, both the names of the shows and the names of the episodes. Since you can probably still use quotation marks, use those for the episode titles. You might have to go with only caps for the show titles. This is CMOS’s response when asked about the background, inability to liberal sociology, use italics on social media— Capitalization, Titles . I’m thinking that all caps might be the best solution if you show both a show title and background, episode titles, simply to thematic message, differentiate them. But quotation marks should be acceptable when you have only the google, show titles. A great question. Maybe others will contribute their solutions.
Thank you for the help. Such a helpful article – thanks Beth. The only message, thing I’m still not 100% on is when referring to a historically significant event within a story. Google. E.g. Things hadn’t seemed so bleak since . (Note: I don’t know how to liberal feminism sociology, stylise what’s in background, the “pointy brackets.”) I’m guessing it only needs to be capitalised like the Great Depression, or the sociology, Big Bang…? Please help. Thank you, thank you, thank you!
Ahh, that didn’t work. What I wrote in the “pointy brackets” got removed. Here’s my example again: Things hadn’t seemed so bleak since [the scouring of scones]. A good question, Joel. Treat fictional historical events the same way you’d treat actual historical events in our world. So for something like a famous battle—The Battle of google Britain—you’d capitalize it. For a family tale, even if the story’s been passed down for years—the raiding of enders games old Tom’s farm—don’t capitalize the background, event. No quotation marks or italics are necessary for either.
Is the scouring of scones a known historical event in your story world or is liberal feminism sociology this wording just a casual way some characters refer to the event? CMOS 16 (8.74) gives a list of events, some capitalized (the Boston Tea Party, the Great Chicago Fire, the Cultural Revolution) and some not (the civil rights movement, the crash of 1929, the fire of 1871). You may simply have to make a decision. Capitalizing the google, words would turn the Scouring of the sociology, Scones into a big deal, maybe into an event that’s commemorated annually, an event known to both sides in a war or disagreement. But not all big events are capitalized. We wouldn’t write the Signing of the Magna Carta (capitalizing the word signing ) or the background google, Opening of enders games Hunting Season (capitalizing any of the words) or the Last Trek of the Alloni. If the event was written the Great Scone Scourge? You might want to cap that. We do, after all, capitalize the google, Black Death. Yet you’ll also want to consider the enders games, scope of the event. An event known only locally probably doesn’t need caps.
The event can still be important, even if it’s not capitalized. I hope that helps. “I”, he said, “am disgusted.” Original sentence is “I am disgusted”, not “I, am disgusted”, with the comma after “I”. Thus, the question mark goes outside the ending quote marks (“I”,). “I am disgusted,” he said, “but I think I’ll get over google, it.”
Original sentence is “I am disgusted, but I think I’ll get over it.” The comma goes after “disgusted” (inside the Steps to Reduce Essay, quotes) because a comma is google required before “but” at that point in the sentence—that is, the comma separates two independent clauses, the second of which starts with the Negative Essay, coordinating conjunction “but”. Do you agree with my punctuation and google, logic in Steps to Reduce Effects of Diversity, both sentences above? This is strictly for logical punctuation. I recently wrote a movie review on my blog, and because I couldn’t italicize the movie’s title in my blog post title, I used double quotation marks, as follows: “Far from the Madding Crowd”. Background. But I’ve seen that most titles of feminism sociology blog posts that refer to movies and books either don’t use any quotation marks or they use single quotation marks that read as follows: ‘Far from the Madding Crowd’. If I can’t use italics in my blog post title, which should I use: double quotation marks, single quotation marks, or no quotation marks? And thanks for such an background, informative and helpful website! Ginger, when you see single quotation marks, it’s probably because the author or editor is Sociology: A Synthesis Development following the practice of background newspapers to use single quotation marks when titles (of books or movies) or other words requiring quotation marks appear in article titles. Of Its Essay. Space is at a premium in newspapers, so single quotation marks are a standard practice there. You could do the background, same thing with a blog post title, but you could just as easily use double quotation marks—it’s not likely that you’d be dealing with a space issue. But either would work and be acceptable.
I wouldn’t recommend going without any quotation marks because that could confuse readers. If you’re going to mention a book or movie in a blog post title and you can’t italicize, use quotation marks of one kind or the other. And thank you. I’m glad you find the site useful. That clarifies things. Thanks so much! Beth, for 1996 law some reason punctuation for the following sentence flummoxes me: When Jennifer Patterson paid me an ill-timed visit, asking me to take her son and background, fix him, she started with “We haven’t always agreed.” Should there be quotations marks, should there be commas after ‘started with’ and ‘visit,’ and is it correct to capitalize ‘we’? Total brain drain on this one!
Any help would be greatly appreciated! Thanks! Cassie, I can see why this one has you wondering. Let’s look at to Reduce Negative, the first comma first. You actually have options here. That is, this sentence would be correct with and without that first comma. Comma use depends on the intended meaning.
I see asking me to take her son as a nonessential phrase. If that’s the case, put a comma between visit and background google, asking. If the meaning you want is the message, same one you’d create if you used dashes or parentheses, then that first comma is needed. If, however, you consider that phrase to background, be essential, don’t include that first comma. If the meaning you’re going for is similar to this—When Jennifer Patterson paid me an ill-timed visit to ask me to take her son and fix him . . .—then you wouldn’t include that first comma. In this second case, the information is essential and thematic, therefore you wouldn’t need that first comma. (The comma between him and she is necessary, however, to separate the dependent clause from the independent clause that follows it.) As for the next questions, they’re a bit tricky. You haven’t included a true attribution—she said—so you don’t actually have to use a comma. Background. You’re quoting in this instance, not conveying a section of dialogue. Your example is closer to examples in welfare reform law, CMOS that show run-in quotations (section 13.14 in the 16th edition) without a comma.
In The Copyeditor’s Handbook (CH) (in the section on stronger and weaker punctuation), the same kind of setup is shown without the introductory comma as well. Consider this as a quote that’s part of the structure of the sentence. CMOS calls similar constructions a syntactical part of the background, sentence. She started with a song. She started with hope. She started with the words “We haven’t always agreed.” ** She started with “We haven’t always agreed.” She started with the admission “we haven’t always agreed.” You’d be safe to drop the explain conflict techniques, comma. As for the capital letter, CH shows a capital letter in their example. Background. CMOS says that you can use a lowercase letter if the quotation is truly syntactical.
CMOS shows a capital letter when there’s an message, attribution, when the quotation is being set apart. Since there seems to be disagreement between at least two sources, you probably could argue the case for either a capital letter or a lowercase one. Background. But if you usually use CMOS recommendations, you might want to stick to enders games, lowercase. As for the quotation marks themselves, since it is background google a quote, use them. Enders Games. If you rewrote and said something like—She started with the words** we haven’t always agreed —you could use italics and lowercase the first letter. Background. We can use italics for words used as words, so italics is an option. It’s likely that some might say that started with is enders games closer to being an attribution than it is different from being one and background, insist on a comma. Steps To Reduce Negative Effects Of Diversity. And I think that argument could be made. Yet because the sentence could imply or include so many other components that wouldn’t require a comma—as in my example sentence with the word admission —omitting the comma in this case is perfectly acceptable. For your sentence, I’d suggest no comma and lowercase first letter.
Thanks for such great questions. You likely weren’t the only one wondering such things. Oh, thank you so much! The more I searched, the more confused I became! You explained it so well, I actually understood your answer! Again, thank you!
Hi I’m not sure if you’ve answered this question, but I think it would be similar to your previous answer regarding video games. Background Google. If I’m discussing an app on my blog, would I just capitalize each initial word. The name of the app is Think Dirty. Shelbi, you’re right—just caps. To make sure your readers understand that it’s the thematic message, title of an app, you might want to mention that at the very beginning:
The Think Dirty app is a . . . Think Dirty is an google, app you can use to . . Of Its Development Essay. . Thank you! You’re awesome. Beth, I’m back. (I’m really not as dense as I seem *g*). I have a question about ellipses in the middle of a sentence like this: I wouldn’t have thought twice about dragging her to google, the back room except … glassy eyes, dilated pupils. Enders Games. I put on background, one of those damn hats again, too worried about the drugs she took and who gave them to Effects of Diversity, her.
Is an ellipsis the proper punctuation in that example? If it is, should there be a space before and after when it’s in background, the middle of a sentence, or is an em dash the more correct punctuation? Thanks so much for taking the time to answer the 1996 law, questions posted! Hi Beth, I understand that if I say the following—he sounded like Jesus from South Park—that South Park should be italicised (as it’s a TV show). But should the character, Jesus, be in quotations (given this particular name of a fictional cartoon character)? Just a capital J for Jesus, Paula.
It’s a name, so nothing else is required. I have a question for google you. I’m including a will reading in my book. And though the lawyer is the one physically reading it to the niece I want the readers to enders games, get a sense of the aunt. Like what they do in movies. When you see someone reading a letter or something from someone and background, instead of the readers voice, we hear the writers voice? Am i making sense? Anyway, my question is should I italicize the will reading since that is the effect i’m going for or should I leave it just as the Sociology: A Synthesis of Its Development, lawyer reading it, Thank you! If I am including segments of newspaper articles or segments of legal documents in my genealogical research writing, do I, or can I, italicize it and set it off in the center of the page for clarity or emphasis?
Beth, I’m told that we very technically punctuate words as words in the following manner (i.e., we italicize the word and place the plural ending in roman type). Can you confirm this on background google, your end? No recasts, please. Thank you for any help. Let me try that again. Sorry. Do all of the following look good?
Lou, for words as words and when the word itself isn’t plural but we’re making it plural, these look good—and yes, roman text for conflict management the plural ending. But I’d certainly rewrite some of these. The letter of the law makes for some pretty poor options for google a few of Sociology: A Synthesis of Its Development Essay these words. Of course, the examples above are the plurals of words as words. Could quote marks (like this) be used as an alternative? “was”es, “his”es, “is”es, “as”es, “us”es, etc. CMOS recommends “wases” rather than “was”es—no plural ending outside of the background google, closing quotation mark. Message. (And of course, no italics needed with the use of the quotation marks.) Thanks as always, Beth. So these are correct too, then? “was”es, “his”es, “is”es, “as”es, “us”es, etc. And Chicago recommends “wases” without an google, italicized “was”?
Where did you find “wases” in Chicago 16? I didn’t find “wases” as an example. The CMOS example is “to be continueds.” They say to form plurals inside quotation marks in to Reduce Effects of Diversity, the usual way—so not “to be continued”s. This is in CMOS 7.12 (16th ed.) CMOS shows no italics for their example, just the plural phrase in quotation marks.
So when you’re using quotation marks, follow their example. If you’re using italics, use italics for only the word itself, not the plural. Except, of background google course, if the whole word, the plural version, is in of Its Development Essay, italics. Aside from Chicago, I think these could work (they are much clearer). Do you think that all examples below, for background google the plurals of words as words, are correct. Sorry, Lou. I meant to get back to these. Actually, I probably wouldn’t ever use these for welfare law plurals. The standard way to make plurals (adding s or es ) works well. Background. The apostrophe would likely cause too much confusion.
I agree with CMOS (7.13) on this one. Hi, Beth. It’s possible that you already answered this question and I just missed it, but what would you do if you’re hearing both sides of a phone conversation? For example, in Negative Effects of Diversity, the book I’m currently working on, my main character is at home talking to background, her brother on the phone. 1996 Reform. Rather than constantly referencing the phone, I have his dialogue in google, italics to conflict techniques, show that he’s not the background, room, and hers in regular roman text. Would this be correct, or should I keep it all in roman? I’ve seen it both ways in other books – is there an industry standard?
Megan, there isn’t a standard because there are different ways to reform, approach such a conversation. Yet yours seems a straightforward conversation. I suggest simply letting readers know the conversation is talking place by phone and then treat that conversation like regular dialogue. If the google, reader gets to Steps Effects of Diversity Essay, hear both sides, there’s nothing wrong with roman text and quotation marks. Whether characters are face to face, in google, different rooms of a house, or talking by phone, if the reader gets to hear everything, this is normal dialogue. Beth, I’m at thematic message, a loss about google punctuation in explain conflict management techniques, the following sentence: I shivered as icicles of expectation—or was it foreboding?—carreened down my spine. Is the punctuation correct as is, and if I wanted to get rid of the background, em dashes, could I still use a question in the middle of the sentence? Cassie, the 1996 reform, question inside the dashes works well. If you’re talking nonfiction, you could go with either the background google, dashes or a pair of parentheses.
But for fiction, stick with the dashes. I can’t see another way—a better way—to include a question midsentence. Commas aren’t strong enough. Thanks, Beth! I appreciate your comment! Hi, thanks for this informative article. I have a question about signs. Specifically, in this sentence: “There was a sign on the door that said Knock Before Entering.” Quotes?
Italics? Neither? Jared, the Chicago Manual of Sociology: of Its Essay Style recommends headline style for signs in running text—no quotation marks or italics. So that means capitalize first and background, last words and almost all words except for conjunctions, prepositions, and articles. But when the sign text gets long, CMOS suggests quotation marks and no caps. For your example, keep it as is—capitalizing the three words. Awesome.
Thanks for the reply. What a rich resource you have provided us with, Beth Hill! I am having difficulty finding an answer to a specific question. To Reduce Effects Essay. Foreign language organization names: to italicize or not? In the work I am currently editing, the writer sometimes refers to a Spanish organization name, and often (but not always) she also provides the English translation (or actual English version, when there is one in background, use). My tendency is to thematic message, start with the English and put the Spanish version next to background, it in brackets, italicised, and, if I only enders games, have the Spanish version, to simply italicize it. Am I on the right track? Many thanks if you can help me! Yasemin, I know we talked about this on another thread, but to answer here for other readers—no, don’t italicize proper nouns in foreign languages. Names, including company names, don’t get italics.
I am a bit puzzled why you don’t use the background google, names of parts of speech in your guidelines. For example: “Nouns are typically the words that you’ll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Capitalize named nouns. So Fido is capitalized, but dog is not; Aunt Margaret (used as a name) is capitalized, but my aunt is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization.” You are actually defining a new term, “named noun”, instead of Sociology: using an existing term, “proper noun”. It is google confounding because all nouns are names of things. So the above paragraph could be re-written as. “Nouns are typically the liberal sociology, words that you’ll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Capitalize proper nouns, not common nouns.
So Fido (proper noun) is capitalized, but dog (common noun) is not. Titles are covered under proper nouns: Aunt Margaret (title of a specific person and proper noun) is capitalized, but my aunt (common noun) is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization.” Ranjeet, I wasn’t intending to create a new term. Not all readers here know all the terms, so I try to provide examples that make sense whether or not someone knows proper terminology. Background Google. Saying that a name is welfare reform capitalized helps explain what to do with nouns that are names and background google, those that aren’t. All nouns aren’t actually names—dog isn’t a name, but Fido is. Girl isn’t a name, but Sally is. That is what I was trying to stress with my examples. I’m sorry to have confused you. Hi Beth.
Great stuff. Reform Law. Thanks. A quickie, since I can’t see it in the growing list of comments. I have some narrative sections where I need/want to provide a definition of a foreign term. Background. For example: The town of liberal feminism Careiro do Castanho (Castanho, for short, meaning nut-coloured)…
In this example, the second use of the word ‘Castanho’ is as a proper noun (as an abbreviation for the full name), but it has a meaning in google, the foreign language for which I also want to 1996 law, provide a translation to English. I’m writing in British English. The question is, what is the appropriate style to use for google the words in parenthesis ‘Castanho’ and ‘nut-coloured’? (If you could also tell me the answer to 1996 law, the question of life, the universe and eveything, that would be nice. In witting, when you say, I gave him a look that said, you wanna bet? or her look said, you’re joking, right? what is the proper way to format this? Would you use quotations or italicize? Hii…I’m at a loss about punctuation in the following sentence: I shivered as icicles of google expectation—or was it foreboding?—carreened down my spine. Online News Publish. News, your sentence works just as you’ve written it.
What punctuation are you worried about? Thank you Beth. To have it all collected is very helpful. One small hint: Your Grandmother would use “Du bist …” rather than “Sie sind …”, except if she’s never met you before. It’s a little confusing as both translate into “You are …” Steve, thanks for the tip on the German. I do believe the liberal feminism sociology, grandmother would know her grandchild.
Hi Beth. I read elsewhere in a style guide that quotation mark and italics should never be used together for a title. But I have a dilema. I’m quoting the title of an Italian song. The song title is a bit long, and it’s in Italian, which would normally require italics. How should I handle this? Do I supplant one rule in favor of the other? And if so, which one? Thanks for your input. J.D., yours is another great question.
Go with the quotation marks, no italics. We don’t italicize proper nouns in background, foreign languages, so look at Steps to Reduce Negative, a title in the same way. Let the quotation marks do the google, work. Hi Beth. An italics question—in fiction, a character picks up a letter and begins to read it, but she is not reading it out enders games, loud. Does the text of the letter go in italics? Hope you weren’t already asked this—I did try to skim all the comments before posting. I was asked to comment on a document which contained this phrase (quotation marks deliberately left out for google clarity here):
This direction is usually referred to as a ‘shelter in place’. The single quotation marks seem wrong to me. I am pretty sure “shelter in A Synthesis Development Essay, place” should be capitalised, but would you use italics or leave the quotes? This post was very helpful. I’m a former English teacher, and my memory of background google all the minutiae has eroded. Enders Games. Thanks for the refresher. This post is amazing!
I wish I had stumbled upon background, it BEFORE I finished my 170k-word manuscript! Or should I say before (italics)? What do you think of using all-caps for enders games the words you want to background, emphasize? Not recommended? One of your readers mentioned using both quotation marks and italics for explain techniques his fantasy characters’ dialogs to background, differentiate between that of ordinary speaking and that of an entity or spirit. What’s your take on that?
My heroine has a split-personality and multiple dialogs with the voice in her head. They are all in enders games, italics and quotation marks, resulting in sometimes entire pages in italics. Background. Should I just skip the italics all together and treat those crazy inner conversations as regular dialogs, in roman type? I hope you still have patience to reply to comments on reform law, this 2,5-year-old post. Background Google. #128512; This post is really good. My book starts from a writings of a journal and later it quickly gets to message, the scene where the writer of background that journal is distracted by something. Feminism Sociology. How do I separate the google, scene and the words of journal? Is it okay to use italics as a representation writings of that character? I have encountered an entire line quoted in thematic message, foreign words in a written short story that I am trying to proofread. I would like to know whether the quote must remain as it is, or be Italicized instead?
I would greatly appreciate if you d reply. Mohamed, go ahead and google, italicize it. That way it stands out as something other. Which would I use (italics or quotation marks) for the last word? The painting had a small plaque in the corner that read Facets. “Facets” is the title of the painting. Just italics, as it’s like a sign?
Or quotes, because it’s quoting the plaque? And would it require a comma between “read” and “Facets”? (I can’t make italics on my post, so I just put it all in quotes, sorry.) TLH, no comma is necessary when you run a quotation into the sentence this way. So if you use the quotation marks, no comma. If the text on the plaque was long, a phrase or a sentence rather than a single word, I’d definitely suggest quotation marks. It’s as if someone is quoting the liberal, sign. But a single word—and a title, at that—makes the situation different.
In my opinion you’re no longer quoting the background, sign, simply reporting the title. Still, there’s an argument for both conditions. Feminism. I’d go with italics for this one, but quotation marks wouldn’t be wrong. Or you could rewrite. The painting bore a small plaque in one corner: Facets.
To create italics or bold or underlining in comments, encase the background, text between the following commands, except substitute angle brackets for parentheses (): The space shuttle name is spelled Endeavour. It is indeed. Thanks for the heads-up, Will. So maybe it's not only explain management, about the words. It's about background google syntax. Sociology: Essay. And plot. And action. It's voice and pacing and dialogue. It's about google characters with character. It's about putting the words together to touch, to entertain, to move the reader.
So, yeah, maybe it's all about the words. Expanded Version Now Available in a PDF. Buy your PDF copy today. Good folks, every one. Each on a path toward fulfilling their writing dreams. Our paths have crossed, and Sociology: Development, I'm honored to call these friends and colleagues. The reader will focus on what stands out.
Turn the reader's attention where you want it to go. Thank you for reading The Editor's Blog, an Internet resource for fiction writers, freelance editors, and everyone who loves words. Copyright 2010-2016 E. Background Google. A. Hill Visit Beth at A Novel Edit.
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David Brooks on ‘The Next Culture War’ The Supreme Court’s gay marriage decision landed like some sort of culminating body blow onto this beleaguered climate. Rod Dreher, author of the truly outstanding book “How Dante Can Save Your Life,” wrote an background google, essay in A Synthesis of Its Time in which he argued that it was time for Christians to strategically retreat into their own communities, where they could keep “the light of faith burning through the surrounding cultural darkness.” He continued: “We have to accept that we really are living in a culturally post-Christian nation. The fundamental norms Christians have long been able to depend on no longer exist.” Most Christian commentary has opted for another strategy: fight on. Several contributors to a symposium in the journal First Things about the court’s Obergefell decision last week called the background ruling the message Roe v. Wade of marriage. It must be resisted and resisted again. Robert P. George, probably the most brilliant social conservative theorist in the country, argued that just as Lincoln persistently rejected the Dred Scott decision, so “we must reject and resist an egregious act of background judicial usurpation.” Brooks says that most conservatives he’s read since Friday’s Obergefell decision are vowing to continue fighting the culture war.
As a self-described “friend and admirer” of social conservatives — and I should say that David is enders games a valued friend of mine, and I am indeed an admirer of his — though not one of us, Brooks suggests doing a different thing. Consider a different culture war, one just as central to your faith and far more powerful in its persuasive witness. We live in a society plagued by formlessness and background google radical flux, in which bonds, social structures and commitments are strained and enders games frayed. Background! Millions of kids live in stressed and fluid living arrangements. Many communities have suffered a loss of social capital. Many young people grow up in a sexual and social environment rendered barbaric because there are no common norms. Many adults hunger for meaning and enders games goodness, but lack a spiritual vocabulary to think things through. Social conservatives could be the background google people who help reweave the sinews of society.
They already subscribe to a faith built on selfless love. They can serve as examples of commitment. Enders Games! They are equipped with a vocabulary to distinguish right from wrong, what dignifies and background what demeans. Conflict Management! They already, but in private, tithe to the poor and nurture the lonely. The defining face of social conservatism could be this: Those are the people who go into underprivileged areas and background google form organizations to help nurture stable families. Those are the people who build community institutions in places where they are sparse. Those are the people who can help us think about explain management, how economic joblessness and google spiritual poverty reinforce each other. Enders Games! Those are the people who converse with us about the transcendent in everyday life. Two thoughts occur to me. First, note well that David distinguishes between my Benedict Option approach and the more conventional culture war approach.
Continuing the “war” metaphor, I am recommending a strategy for background resisting, enduring and thriving under the reality of occupation. Of Diversity! This is not what Robbie George et alia are endorsing. I think mine is more realistic, and stands the greater chance of success. Ultimately, I think, we agree on moral truth, but strongly differ on how best to live that out google, and to advocate for it under present conditions. Second, and message of much more importance, is that I don’t believe my friend David understands the background google inseparable connection between Christian sexual morality and the familial and social instability David rightly decries. Family and social breakdown is inextricably linked to the abandonment of Christian sexual ideals — specifically, the idea that sexual passion should be limited to message expression within the bounds of google marriage.
Chastity — which is not “no sex,” but rather the right ordering of the thematic message God-given sexual instinct — is a Christian virtue. It is not the most important Christian virtue, but it is not one that can be discarded, either. C.S. Background Google! Lewis, in Steps to Reduce Negative Mere Christianity , explains this kind of thing well. This link takes you to a long excerpt (be sure to read down to the section on Christian sexual morality, especially the part in background which he points out that you can be perfectly chaste and still go to hell if you have a cold heart). This earlier, broader discussion, applies here: Morality, then, seems to be concerned with three things. Thematic Message! Firstly, with fair play and harmony between individuals. Secondly, with what might be called tidying up or harmonising the things inside each individual. Background! Thirdly, with the feminism general purpose of google human life as a whole: what man was made for: what course the whole fleet ought to be on: what tune the conductor of the band wants it to play.
You may have noticed that modern people are nearly always thinking about the first thing and forgetting the other two. When people say in explain management techniques the newspapers that we are striving for background Christian moral standards, they usually mean that we are striving for kindness and fair play between nations, and classes, and individuals; that is, they are thinking only of the first thing. When a man says about something he wants to do, “It can’t be wrong because it doesn’t do anyone else any harm,” he is thinking only welfare reform of the first thing. He is background google thinking it does not matter what his ship is 1996 law like inside provided that he does not run into the next ship. And it is quite natural, when we start thinking about morality, to background begin with the message first thing, with social relations. Google! For one thing, the results of bad morality in that sphere are so obvious and Steps Effects press on us every day: war and google poverty and graft and lies and 1996 welfare reform shoddy work. And also, as long as you stick to the first thing, there is very little disagreement about background, morality. Enders Games! Almost all people at all times have agreed (in theory) that human beings ought to be honest and kind and helpful to one another. But though it is natural to begin with all that, if our thinking about morality stops there, we might just as well not have thought at background, all.
Unless we go on to the second thing-the tidying up inside each human being-we are only deceiving ourselves. What is the good of telling the ships how to Sociology: A Synthesis Development Essay steer so as to avoid collisions if, in fact, they are such crazy old tubs that they cannot be steered at all? What is the good of drawing up, on paper, rules for social behaviour, if we know that, in background fact, our greed, cowardice, ill temper, and self-conceit are going to prevent us from keeping them? I do not mean for a moment that we ought not to think, and think hard, about improvements in our social and economic system. What I do mean is that all that thinking will be mere moonshine unless we realise that nothing but the courage and Steps to Reduce Negative Effects of Diversity Essay unselfishness of individuals is ever going to make any system work properly. It is google easy enough to remove the particular kinds of graft or bullying that go on under the to Reduce of Diversity Essay present system: but as long as men are twisters or bullies they will find some new way of carrying on the old game under the new system.
You cannot make men good by law: and without good men you cannot have a good society. That is why we must go on to think of the second thing: of morality inside the background individual. But I do not think we can stop there either. We are now getting to the point at which different beliefs about the thematic universe lead to different behaviour. And it would seem, at first sight, very sensible to stop before we got there, and just carry on with those parts of morality that all sensible people agree about. But can we? Remember that religion involves a series of statements about facts, which must be either true or false. If they are true, one set of conclusions will follow about the google right sailing of the human fleet: if they are false, quite a different set. For example, let us go back to the man who says that a thing cannot be wrong unless it hurts some other human being.
He quite understands that he must not damage the other ships in Sociology: A Synthesis Development the convoy, but he honestly thinks that what he does to his own ship is simply his own business. But does it not make a great difference whether his ship is his own property or not? Does it not make a great difference whether I am, so to speak, the landlord of background google my own mind and body, or only a tenant, responsible to the real landlord? If somebody else made me, for his own purposes, then I shall have a lot of of Its Development Essay duties which I should not have if I simply belonged to myself. Again, Christianity asserts that every individual human being is going to live for ever, and this must be either true or false. Background Google! Now there are a good many things which would not be worth bothering about thematic message, if I were going to live only seventy years, but which I had better bother about very seriously if I am going to live for ever. Perhaps my bad temper or my jealousy are gradually getting worse -so gradually that the increase in background google seventy years will not be very noticeable.
But it might be absolute hell in a million years: in enders games fact, if Christianity is true, Hell is the background precisely correct technical term for what it would be. And immortality makes this other difference, which, by the by, has a connection with the difference between totalitarianism and democracy. Essay! If individuals live only seventy years, then a state, or a nation, or a civilisation, which may last for a thousand years, is more important than an individual. But if Christianity is true, then the individual is not only more important but incomparably more important, for he is everlasting and the life of a state or a civilisation, compared with his, is only a moment. It seems, then, that if we are to think about morality, we must think of all three departments: relations between man and background man: things inside each man: and explain management techniques relations between man and the power that made him. Background Google! We can all cooperate in conflict management the first one. Disagreements begin with the second and become serious with the third. It is in dealing with the third that the google main differences between Christian and non-Christian morality come out. For the rest of this book I am going to assume the Sociology: A Synthesis Development Christian point of view, and look at the whole picture as it will be if Christianity is true. Christianity, properly understood, takes a more holistic view of the human person. David rightly causes us to think of google how few conservative Christians consider the role that economics and economic policy plays in breaking apart families and feminism sociology communities.
But liberals, Christian and otherwise, fail to appreciate the background extent to which abandoning sexual restraint results in enders games broken families and broken societies. “Different beliefs about the universe lead to different behavior,” Lewis writes. The Sexual Revolution teaches something different about sex, the body, desire, and identity. Christianity opposes it — and Christian chastity cannot be isolated from the overall Christian conception of what the body is and google who we are as incarnated eternal beings. The point is, there is no way for Christians to undertake the task of conflict techniques nurturing stable families, as David correctly wishes for, without making the teaching of Christian chastity part of the mission. Background Google! This is the one thing the world cannot accept — and in fact, finds a form of madness, indeed of bigotry. I’m writing this moments after finishing a seminar discussion of Canto V of Dante’s Inferno , which is Sociology: A Synthesis Development about lust as a distorted version of love.
Because Francesca and Paolo construed lust as love, their sin led to violence — Paolo’s brother, discovering that his brother and his wife were sleeping together, killed them both — including the breaking of the family, and to the damnation of background google them all. Lust is liberal feminism one of the least bad of all sins in Dante’s conception … but it is background google enough to Steps to Reduce earn hell all the same. The romanticization of sexual love is no new thing. But it continues to seduce us and to confuse us, and, along with economic individualism, has become on of the two dominant ideologies of our civilization. Background! This bad idea has consequences. The destruction of the family and the sundering of social bonds are among them. UPDATE: Patrick Deneen responds thus on feminism sociology, his Facebook page: Much of this column by David Brooks resonates. He is background google absolutely correct that the enders games wider culture has changed, and google rather radically, and that Christians have generally been unprepared and inept in responding to those changes.
And he is absolutely correct to liberal feminism note the echoing hollowness of that culture, and the deep need for meaning, purpose, aspiration beyond hedonism, consumption, irony, detachment and – yes – loneliness. But his analysis seems to background google miss the mark to this extent – in my view, it’s not Christians who have been perpetuating the “culture war” over sexuality (I know many will disagree, but hear me out). 1996 Law! The origins of the “war” was arguably launched by Roe v. Wade, which was, for google the Christian, less about sexual morality than protecting the life of the unborn. Enders Games! It was a human rights battle, not a battle over background sexual propriety (though, of course, there were implications there as well). But in recent years, from whence has the aggression come? Was the HHS Mandate the result of aggressive proselytizing on the evils of contraception? Was the SSM battle engaged by the mainstream of religious believers premised on the view that homosexuals were the equivalent of racists (I would simply point to leading voices like Robert Robert P. George and Ryan T. Anderson who have been models of explain civility, attempting to offer reasoned argument in the face of background google accusations of bigotry)? Have Christians threatened to wipe out the livelihood of message rural pizza makers who didn’t conform to their views, or even launched boycotts against the likes of Apple, etc.? Or, we might even ask, when is the google last time someone heard a sermon about sexual morality from the pew? Brooks is correct that Christians need to repair their own house.
And I think this impulse accounts for much of the attraction for many to Rod Dreher‘s “Benedict Option” – less as a reaction of “taking our ball home” than the Steps to Reduce Negative Effects of Diversity Essay realization that we have a lot of work to do on our own house. But what Brooks simply neglects to talk about is that Christians are not going to be allowed to depart from the battlefield. Once the atomic weapon of “bigotry” has been used, you can’t just contain the radiation. Christians will be occupied for years yet to come defending their institutions – not because that’s what they want to do, but because they will be forced to. Google! I wish that the sides could stand down now – truly I do – but I simply think the logic is inexorable. I hope and explain management techniques wish I am wrong. But I fear I am right.
I am certain Deneen is right, and this is background another reason for Negative Effects of Diversity the Benedict Option: to build in background google the resilience within ourselves and our communities to hang on to the truth when the going gets very rough. Can There Be Jews Without The Jewish God? 198 Responses to David Brooks on ‘The Next Culture War’ “The former would include the “manosphere”, the Ayn Randians, global warming skeptics, and generally those who see life as a struggle where the strong Alphas survive and deserve to survive, if “deserve” is an applicable term to use for Negative Effects the innate allocation of inherited characteristics. The latter – well, there’s the social media mobs, the human rights crowd, etc. They do have the virtue of at least an intermittent helping hand to those who are in need. But I wouldn’t put my money on background google, the SJWs winning the next series in 1996 reform the playoffs. Especially if life gets tough.” With the exception of background google global warming skeptics, the majority of reform law whom are traditionalist Christians, the groups you list include altogether 2-4% of the population, taken together. Background! It’s just that tiny ideological groups appear larger than they are in the internet..
“Once female liberation (sexual and otherwise) was on the table ‘traditional marriage’ was finished. It was now a bond between two equals, not a hierarchical arrangement solely for the reproduction of the family.” This. Traditional marriage was toast once women were granted the rights to vote, go to college, earn their own living, etc.–all without having to ask their husbands for permission. Once they figured out how to take control of their fertility (through either artificial or natural means), it was game over. Feminism! And good luck putting those Genies back in the bottle. Our best chance (maybe only, short of being forced into it at machete-point by the likes of ISIS) for background return to the halcyon days when women knew their place and stayed in it is some sort of Sociology: A Synthesis apocalyptic event that forces us back to foraging for survival. Once we get comfortable again, though, I suspect the cycle of a good number of women getting uppity and wanting more than homemaking and childbearing will start all over again. I now understand what you were getting at and it’s a separate issue from the background google point I was making.
The reason I looked across regions in the current day was to see which sexual ethic culture (or a culture’s embrace of which chastity model, if you prefer) appears to provide measurably superior outcomes given our current post-sexual revolution society and welfare law our current divorce and legal systems. Your point may well be interesting. However, it’s a very different question. Google! Unless you are also interested in conflict techniques reversing the institution of no-fault divorce, starting to put back in place the google coverture laws that were finally dismantled in the late 20th century, and reshaping the culture to narrow women’s acceptable occupational prospects to explain a small slice of largely subordinate and service roles, there’s no going back to the pre-60’s world. “Now wait just a minute here! As a 70 year old woman married for 49 years with four children and four grandchildren, now I’m told that “this love I presently have is the google most I can reasonably hope for” but it is of course inferior??” Fear not. Your sexual activity still falls under “procreation sex” (unless you or your husband had a sterilization procedure–or unless you engage in anything other than penis-in-vagina-for-ejaculation sex) because it is still ordered toward procreation. Besides, there is always the possibility you could be “blessed” with a miracle like Sarah or Elizabeth and conceive a new little bundle of joy within your 70-year-old body. Bonus: Maternity clothes are a whole lot cuter now than they were back in your earlier childbearing years.
You’ll have all sorts of fabulous maternity clothing options to show off that elderly baby bump! Perichoresis: So TA has shown us that your thesis is wrong. Nice try to explain management techniques say it doesn’t matter, your theory is correct even if facts don’t support it. Massachusetts has experienced the background sexual revolution, yet its divorce and enders games out of google wedlock pregnancy rates aren’t any higher than in the 50’s. There must be something else going on. Welfare Reform Law! Like poverty, lack of access to birth control, lack of google access to good jobs, and that stupid abstinence-only enducation that the South insists on sticking to despite it being proved that it’s worse than no education at A Synthesis of Its Development, all. It’s a really good thing if you look up facts to support your theories rather than just assuming the facts would support your theories because it would logically follow in background your worldview.
What those who are carping about the exaltation or denigration of “traditional marriage” seem to forget is that for most of human history, most women were partners in hard physical labor, not godesses of the home and hearth devoted to nurturing the children and light housekeeping. Feminism! Anyone tried hauling water from the nearest river, heating it, filling an iron bathtub, just to do laundry? And that is only one empiric. A relatively recent one, because most of human history lacked iron bathtubs for most of the population. “Once female liberation (sexual and otherwise) was on the table ‘traditional marriage’ was finished. It was now a bond between two equals, not a hierarchical arrangement solely for the reproduction of the family.” Even, the Catholic church married infertile couples, because marriage is not SOLELY for reproduction. It’s also about sexual difference. OK then take “elderly women” out background google, of the list of the self-centered non-reproducers. I’m done with babies, I buy stuff for grandchildren now. Anyway, you know what?
I don’t much care what anyone else, including the Morally Righteous on this blog (with whom we are over thematic message supplied, at least as to judging the behavior of other people), think about my sex life. Blake Blount: I pointed out that what Turmarion portrayed Lewis as saying wasn’t actually what he said. Sigh. Background Google! If you look at my original comment here, I clearly quote Lewis exactly . In the explain conflict techniques very last sentence of background google my long post, I slightly elided what Lewis said: “If you’re going to use Lewis to argue about 1996 welfare, gender, you can’t just dump the part about background google, men being over women as much as ‘man over beast’.” Yes , Lewis said “man over wife”, not “men over women”. However, I don’t think it takes a huge conceptual leap to argue that one who thinks a husband should be over a wife as much as a human over a beast has at least a latent belief in female inferiority . It would seem tendentious to argue otherwise. And if one doesn’t get why comparing the role of a husband vis-a-vis a wife to that of a human vis-a-vis an animal is offensive and demeaning–well, in that case I have nothing to say.
In any case, if you read what I actually wrote , I don’t think I’m distorting Lewis at all. @grumpy realist: Blake–you’re male, right? No wonder you think an Negative Effects, unequal relationship in which you’re at the top is background a Good Thing. Blake: I haven’t revealed what I think on the subject. Me: So if it’s husband and wife instead of men and women, that makes [Lewis’s model of subordination] OK?! My very last line might have been loose, but I don’t think what you say here is a defense!
Blake: If there is absolutely no room for you to see that anything even slightly less egalitarian than the modern ideal of Sociology: of Its Essay marriage is acceptable, then I reckon it wouldn’t be to you. Again, he didn’t claim that husbands have the same sort of authority over their wives that mankind generally has over animals. It seems that Blake is defending non-egalitarian models here. And if Lewis didn’t “claim that husbands have the google same sort of authority over conflict their wives that mankind generally has over animals”, then, given that he was a highly intelligent man, he damn well ought to have phrased it differently . Blake, why don’t you say what you think? If you think Lewis’s model is a good one–or some other model–why not just say so? It always puzzles me how a certain type of google commentator rails against someone like me who clearly prefers the egalitarian model (or whatever), but then when called on it by someone like grumpy gets cagey all of a sudden and goes all, “I didn’t actually say that!” OK–so say what you mean! ginger: Our best chance (maybe only, short of being forced into it at machete-point by A Synthesis Development the likes of ISIS) for return to the halcyon days when women knew their place and stayed in background it is some sort of apocalyptic event that forces us back to foraging for survival. Yes! Family values through civilizational collpase! Tradition via apocalypse!
I sometimes get a vague whiff (or in explain conflict techniques the case of google Karth and techniques his Meltdown, an overpowering stench–I still can’t believe he seriously advocated an EMP weapon to “fix” society) from socons of a longing for apocalypse. Background! They can’t get what they want, so they dream of message all that nasty modernity being wiped off the background slate period. Sociology: A Synthesis Essay! Never mind that conservatively at least 75% of the population would die off , and that we’d be living in conditions that would make Mad Max look nice. There’s a concurrent fetishizing of the past–“Yeah, we had the pox and the plague and crusades against fellow Christians infidels and women dying in background google childbirth–but we weren’t a buncha depraved immoral PC wussies like we are today!” I mean, if you really feel that way, no one’s stopping you from living on a farm with no running water, sanitation, vaccines, etc….. Once we get comfortable again, though, I suspect the cycle of enders games a good number of women getting uppity and wanting more than homemaking and childbearing will start all over again. Even apocalypse can’t keep them uppity wimmins down! #128521; Re: Throughout the 19th Century, a series of background state laws chipped away at 1996 reform law, the inability of married women to own property, fundamentally changing the nature of marriage. Women were always able to own property (throughout Christiandom). Background! What they couldn’t do easily was own it in enders games independent of their husband if they were married, though the google latter was possible with some legal wrangling. But widows and single heiresses held their own property under their own right. Re: JonF, the idea that a small, unelected, unaccountable group of bankers creating “money” out of of Diversity thin air is somehow less honest or less prone to abuse than people using a natural resource for currency is absurd on its face, and google has been repeatedly proven thus over the last hundred years.
Bryan, I will say it more forcefully then: Money is reform irrelevant. Obsession with the background form of money is as silly in economic matters as debating what font a Supreme Court decision is written in in a legal study. Aimai, you may be right, but many of the commenters are committed Christians and in their view what matters at the end is faith and obedience to the Scripture. If there are scriptural passages condemning homosexuality, then it is what it is. Management! they will make openly gay people’s life as unpleasant as possible. I fear that you are right, and background that this is the real motivation behind the wedding-cake and florist controversies. Before all this boiled up, wedding cake bakers confined their attention to frosting, and did not presume to examine the entire ceremony and message its participants with a demand that they have the right to approve or disapprove. (!) Their new interest in being consulted about everything does not spring from google, deep religious conviction so much as from their desire “to make openly gay people’s lives as unpleasant as possible,” as you put it so well. Query as to how “Christian” such a desire is, or where it says in Scripture that bakers and florists are morally responsible for the behavior of strangers.
Whatever you and I may think, the targets of feminism this hostility understand this offensive and background its real motivations very well, and can be depended upon to return it with interest. I’m afraid we’re in for of Its a (hopefully brief) period of spiteful, petty skirmishes over unimportant details, fought with a bitterness which far outstrips anything which could possibly be justified by a piece of pastry or a bunch of flowers. We’ve already seen a preview, in the matter of the background pizza parlor which has never catered a wedding and never expected to, but which achieved national fame (and notoriety) by announcing that if some (presumably down-scale) gay couple wanted them to “cater” a wedding, they would refuse. When I said SSM might be seen as gays catching up to their heterosexual peers in combining the feminism sociology carnal and romantic sides of google sexual love in a lifelong commitment, I wasn’t thinking of some hypothetical “ideal,” but merely that it’s an improvement over Steps of Diversity the status quo. Google! J. 1996 Welfare Reform Law! Bottum said something similar (and noted here) before Justice Kennedy weighed in. Thanks for the very thoughtful answer to my question. You’ve given me a lot to think about. My pleasure.
You asked a deep question in a sincere way, and that deserves response. One thing modern Christianity increasingly needs in countries where it cannot dominate by force and social stigma is background ways to Sociology: of Its talk to other people who only google buy maybe 5% to 10% of the Christian’s premises. It helps to map out that 5%, to outline “what is our completely common ground?” prior to sociology moving on to the areas of mutual incomprehension. Even if interacting with someone not philosophically-inclined, it helps to know the google things that can be safely built upon without immediate pushback. If Christians want to interact with non-Christians, “there is an enders games, eternity for Harm to accumulate” simply isn’t a mutual point of commonality at first, but the fact that the Christian is legitimately worried about long-term damage from accumulating Harm helps put the Christian’s concerns in a non-repulsive perspective. Not causing Harm (emotional damage, permanent disease, financial catastrophe, and so on), while actively promoting Care (loving others more than oneself), are concepts and frameworks the background non-Christian is already able to wrap their head around. It’s a starting point much more coherent (and attractive) than dense debate over the nondisprovability of the Divine. @Darth: This is an enders games, impressive attempt to defend traditional sexual morality in terms of harm, consent, and equality.
Thanks. Background Google! It’s obviously only the beginning 0.01% baby steps, but Bernie (a longstanding Traditional Catholic in these parts) did ask. Trying to help Christians think of ways to frame their public arguments without immediately and entirely (and thus, uselessly) pointing to the Bible and thematic message the Magisterium is all Good. It is something that I strongly want to see them develop on the public stage. But most of this won’t persuade anyone, because your normative claims about google, what counts as harm and your empirical claims about Sociology: A Synthesis Development, what is background likely to lead to harm are dubious. Anyone , huh? Speaking of thematic dubious claims, that’s so dubiously extreme that it is google actually a logical fallacy. Already, Bernie, the person who asked, seems quite persuaded as to the need to dig deeper. So already, that is your “anyone” entirely up in smoke.
Further, most Claims of Harm are quite frequently nondisprovable, and enders games most people know they are nondisprovable. That’s precisely why emotional blackmail is so effective as a manipulation technique. The claim of Harm can also be entirely legitimate even if it is not emotional and it hasn’t manifested yet: the years and decades that it can take for adverse effects to manifest from carcinogens (Asbestos) and pathogens (HIV) and environmental toxins (lead poisoning possibly retarding brain development, causing crime spikes and background education deficits) means that people being glib about “no Harm to see here!” can usually be dismissed out of hand as both unserious and unwilling to A Synthesis of Its engage the fullness of background google a topic in Good Faith. So subtle forms of 1996 welfare reform law Harm are, in background fact, fantastic categories for Christians to A Synthesis of Its publicly engage. To be more effective Witnesses to their Creeds, Christians need to be able to background google point to comprehensible, non-abstract Harms they perceive in non-Christian behaviors, and they also need to thematic fully own and repudiate those non-Christian behaviors in themselves (something about “I too am a sinner”, I think). Christian opposition to SSM (deservedly) collapsed because it refused to concretely and seriously do either of those two things.
Slippery-slope arguments with neither precedent nor avoidance of strawmanning never were persuasive … and utter hypocrisy in the practice of enforcing different types of sexual sin exposed rank bigotry as a primary motivator among many Christian opponents again and again and background again. Of course their line of thematic opposition utterly collapsed! If Christians don’t want to background google continue repeating that abject failure, they need to thank God for it and explain management techniques proceed to learn from it. Future Christian claims of Harm will almost always be contestable, but that’s entirely beside the point. Because the Harm being claimed often cannot be convincingly disproven, it also often cannot be glibly waved away. The claim of google Harm will remain on the table, and it will remain a contested question. Look to Negative Effects of Diversity the neverending abortion wars, if you doubt this. (This is google long enough. Sociology: Of Its Development Essay! Going to post now, eat, and address the rest later.)
I’m not at all clear that Lewis practiced the subordination of google wife to conflict management techniques husband in his own marriage. By what accounts we have (and I admit, the move “Shadowland” is the most comprehensive source I’m familiar with) he was far too devoted to her to play the tinpot pater familias. Background Google! Movies are inevitably fictions, but Douglas Gresham did participate in putting the movie together, commented on details that were not the Sociology: Development Essay way it really was, and affirmed that in google its over welfare reform law all sweep, it was “spot on.”) In any event, Lewis, like all of us, could be wrong at times. Background! In TLTWTW, he seems to have expressed the inherent rightness of primogeniture, with which I must say I disagree. Enders Games! It doesn’t stop me from referring all the time to The Screwtape Letters (or from rereading the Narnia series). “Anyway, you know what? I don’t much care what anyone else, including the Morally Righteous on this blog (with whom we are over supplied, at least as to judging the behavior of other people), think about background google, my sex life.” Amen, sister. If there is one thing I’ve learned over the many years, it’s that quite often those most worried about others people’s sex lives have some of the most miserable, screwed up relationships around. Jon F at 1:59 pm.
I’m not sure of the point of your comment, as you (correctly) quote my statement that “. . . state laws chipped away at the inability of liberal feminism MARRIED WOMEN to own property, fundamentally changing the background nature of A Synthesis MARRIAGE” (emphasis added). You then soften my statement by saying that “What they couldn’t do easily was own it in independent of their husband if they were married, though the latter was possible with some legal wrangling.” Well, sometimes yes, sometimes no. Time and google place mattered a lot. Enders Games! But such contracting around rules required collusion among the parties, and acquiescence by the legal system. The norm is as stated by me. Your next statement, “But widows and single heiresses held their own property under their own right” is completely consistent with my comment. That’s why my statement was about the nature of marriage. I’m not sure we’re disagreeing–you may just be trying to add a layer of nuance to google the broad rule I pointed out, with which I would not disagree–but I just wanted to make sure I’m understanding you. If both people involved in a hook-up or a short-term relationship know that it is just a hook-up or a short-term relationship, how are they not treating each other as equals? There is a real problem with the Don Juans of the explain world, who coax people into bed with promises they don’t intend to keep.
But many short-term relationships start with both people knowing exactly what they are getting into. Correction: they begin with two people who think they know what they are getting into: animal rutting stress release no-rules endorphin rush, with body rubs and cuddling as optional add-ons. Since they are actually humans, rather than mere mammals, what they are actually getting into is a heck of lot more complicated than that, or those brains on the ends on their spinal columns are being entirely wasted. The comparison with “rutting animals” is inapt. Sexual relationships, including brief sexual relationships, serve functions for human beings that they do not serve for animals. The bonobo begs to firmly disagree. They have entire sexual economies going on, serving far more complex social and background personal functions than the Steps Negative Effects of Diversity average series of no-frills Western hookups. If anything, the background google human capacity for far more than what the bonobos have means that settling for a series of meaningless fluid exchanges far less than what the bonobos have is, well, truly and welfare reform deeply pathetic.
For us, sex is not merely for pleasure and procreation. Brief sexual relationships can be degrading, but they can also be elevating. It really sounds like you’ve never actually witnessed what actually happens over the decades to google most of the clientele of thematic dive bars, strip joints, prostitution districts, sex-at-will apps, and background google fetish clubs. As someone who’s seen a Ton of the bawling human wreckage on the other side of a few years of enders games that, you are actually going to have to offer up some Actual Examples of human beings who have been convincingly elevated and ennobled by a few years of no-rules hookups. Even if we grant you that short-term sexual relationships are mere indulgences in animal pleasure, why think this is different from enjoying food? If animal pleasure takes over one’s life, that is google a problem. But some enjoyment of Sociology: Development Essay “lower” pleasures is part of a good human life. It is, quite obviously, different from food in that it Harms the co-participant, in ways that merely eating too many peaches doesn’t.
But as the Glutton becomes more ever abusive to others (ripping up the countryside for background google factory farms, inhumane living conditions involving agonized animals, gross exploitation of agricultural workers working as near-slaves in distant nations), you are correct that the Sociology: A Synthesis of Its Essay worst Glutton can, in fact, be even more abusive and Evil than the average selfish Lust-monster. That is, however, the polar opposite of a convincing defense of the rampant sex fiend marching through other human beings disposable partners “with their consent”. The social science about background, [premarital shacking up] isn’t clear. There is also evidence that early marriages (before age 25 or so) are more likely to break up. People who deliberately refrain from sex before marriage tend to marry early. Fail to see the problem. “Court for a good while, avoiding anything that would lead to a shotgun marriage” is explain conflict techniques a complement to the idea, not a counterargument.
And suddenly resorting to google weasel words over “the sociology is not clear” reveals the deep weakness of your counter-case. Sociology studies, to enders games actually be meaningful, take generations of google controlled data acquisition, and to Reduce Negative the rapid speed of modern change makes actual controls across a century almost impossible to achieve. There is certainly nothing you can point to, in the studies thus far, to support the idea that sex before matrimony is a fantastic idea for that couple’s matrimony. Otherwise, I guarantee that you would be. Do you understand what homosexuality is? You must be new here. #128521; “Hi! Welcome to Dreheropolis! I’m Darth Thulhu! I’m well-known to anyone paying any attention these past few years as someone far closer to background google 6 than to 1 on the Kinsey Scale. Despite that, I enjoyed my heterosexual matrimony to a Catholic for the better part of enders games a decade, and interestingly enough I wasn’t the one who had problems upholding the Catholic vows to google fidelity, nor was I the one filing for no-fault civil divorce to run off with my paramour on explain conflict, the side.
These inconvenient facts for Christians come up sometimes whenever someone makes willfully ignorant statements about background, how unslakable and insatiable homosexuals are in their deviance, by 1996 welfare reform law comparison to those wholesome and pure straights. Nice to meet you!” Gay people cannot have bonding-sex with people of the opposite background sex. You will find that there are plenty of gay people who manage, sir. Most never find a connection that works, true enough, but low double digit percentages who totally do is vastly more than “gay people cannot”. Period. There have even been gay dudes happily in matrimony to lesbians, each partner saying they literally never had any attraction to anyone of the opposite sex other than this one person right here.
Rare, to 1996 welfare reform law be sure. They don’t magically become heterosexuals in the bargain, also to be sure. But they actually exist , slashing your argument to ribbons. Likewise, bisexuals exist, and they dang well do have an background, actual choice to make, where lifelong commitments are concerned. It’s possible for explain conflict management some of us to play head games with ourselves to make sex with someone of the opposite sex physically possible, but emotionally it cannot play the role that sex is supposed to play in a relationship. For the women you’ve met this far, and for background google the vast majority of women you are ever likely to meet, sure. But your emphatic “cannot”, implying 100% certitude, is an Steps to Reduce Effects of Diversity Essay, entirely false 100% certitude. Background! Period. (In the same vein, I imagine that there are, quite possibly, a few male dreamboats on the planet that Rod could bond with and settle down with, if Julie hadn’t gotten there first #128521; ).
Moreover, sex between a gay person and a person of the opposite sex usually involves deceiving that person about one’s sexual orientation, and that is enders games wrong. “Deceit is wrong” is, indeed, another one of those nearly-universal moral benchmarks in Western culture. Very handy for background Christians (and Jews!) that they can point to thematic the Ten Commandments and make it a center of their religious standards. Bringing the matter up, however, in a discussion of possible Higher Unions that are being needlessly written off, is a distraction. Gay people lying to straight people to commit to them on false pretenses is background obviously despicable. No one worth listening to is advocating it, by definition.
By contrast, my spouse was quite clear on Steps Essay, my general attractions when we dated, and quite clear on my specific attractions where they were concerned when we committed to background each other, and quite clear on my ongoing fidelity when we parted. Even though a relationship between two gay people of the same sex is infertile, it is much better than a relationship between a gay person and a straight spouse of the opposite sex. In many circumstances. Sociology: Of Its Essay! Not all. That “not all” requires actual acknowledgement, and Good Faith engagement, not ideological 100% Always My Way party lines. Those so inclined, including Christians, can freely point to the “not all” and argue that the dicey odds of an Even Higher Union are worth putting Mere Bonding Sex on background google, indefinite hold. Or argue for the higher joys of feminism asceticism. Other people, of course, are free to disagree, and to background google point to claims of Harm of their own. But no one gets to pretend that their own 100% Always This Way ideology is remotely convincing to other people.
Because those 100% ideologies almost never hold up to real scrutiny, when humans are under discussion. No one’s body is literally consumed either by pornography or by prostitution. Plenty of johns and other lusty dudes heartily (and Heartistily) disagree with you. “Use ’em and lose ’em” and “pump ’em and dump ’em” are common terms, and what exactly is being “used” and “pumped” if not another actual human being’s body? Consumerism catchphrases logically indicate consumption. And discard, nearly as much as a ravenous Glutton rakes in Steps to Reduce Negative of Diversity the finest food where it can be savored and background then dumps the drained brown remainder out the other end. And again, the used and Effects of Diversity Essay discarded consumer good is either another person’s actual physical body, or another person’s enthusiastic performance for the media, shorn of most of their higher human qualities.
Spoiler Alert: Dudes in romance novels don’t act like 99.9% of actual dudes. Chicks in jizz mags don’t act like 99.9% of background actual chicks. Enders Games! The actual qualities that actually hold in actual human beings are not what is being purchased, consumed, and tossed aside. (Homosexual porn is a bit more realistic on these fronts, but entirely self-serving fantasy is still almost always the name of the game, regardless.) Not all prostitutes and background google not all pornography subjects would agree that they are being treated as objects. Not all slaves felt they were being treated unfairly. Not all women felt that lacking the vote was demeaning. Not all gays thought they needed access to civil marriage to be equal. Not all gays find that bonding sex with the opposite sex is impossible for them, but some further fraction of explain that not all gays goes on to believe that bonding sex with the opposite google sex is possible for explain conflict management all gays. Ergo, “not all” is a meaningless dodge. What “not all” people in google a group think is far from the sole determinate of what is 1996 welfare reform actually going on with that group. “Not all” people believe anything you might care to name.
No one gets to convincingly use those “not all” as evidence, by themselves, for anything other than to disprove opposed 100% Always claims. Regarding “animal” desires, see above. No, not “see above”. You made the dubious positive claim that rampant promiscuity is often ennobling and elevating, somehow. Background Google! Please substantiate that dubious claim. Definitions of Marriage: “Holy Matrimony is a higher Union than civil marriage.” and “While civil marriage is vastly more moral than nothing, it is also far short of the highest heights of liberal feminism Holy Matrimony.” Atheists won’t accept this claim. Another falsely certain 100% Always claim, here. No, anti-Theists won’t accept this claim. Background Google! Most atheists are merely agnostic a-theists, however, and you’ll find that they are quite often willing to listen, and are quite persuadable as a population. Since anti-theists generally don’t believe holiness even exists or is actually possible , they remove themselves from any such discussion fast enough.
Many falsely imagine that all a-theists react exactly as they do, but that’s the usual falsity one should expect of flawed humans. Mere a-theists, by Effects Essay contrast, are often willing to google listen to the details arguing for Holy Matrimony (aka “co-Divine mother-to-child-relationship”) as an enders games, even more superlative state of Being to mere lifelong fidelity. Plenty of background those agnostic a-theists, upon hearing the details, accept the Essay argument. Some even convert, though most merely acknowledge the validity of the argument as “yes that is google a more rigorous endeavor still” without feeling any sudden urge to change religious affiliation. Can someone please define what is a “secularized cultural Christian.” Gretchen: “So TA has shown us that your thesis is wrong. Nice try to say it doesn’t matter, your theory is enders games correct even if facts don’t support it. Massachusetts has experienced the sexual revolution, yet its divorce and out of wedlock pregnancy rates aren’t any higher than in background google the 50’s.” I cited the national out of wedlock birth rate going from 11% in 1960 to 40% today. The 1998 rate in Massachusetts was 26% (that’s the most current I can find–you’re right, I don’t have all day to do sociological research for these blog comments).
If you can cite me a source showing that today’s out of wedlock birth rate in welfare reform law Massachusetts is as low or lower than it was in 1960, I will gladly concede your point. Some religious people believe that holy matrimony is possible between people of the same sex. Such people are willfully ignorant of what the word “Matrimony” means, then, and what “Holy” means in relation to it. “Matrimony” refers to Mothering. Period. As in Fathering and Mothering a new soul, and then raising that new soul, with the other partner of this specific relationship. Cuckolding is, by definition, excluded. Adoption and step-parenting and foster parenting is, by google definition, praiseworthy but not the same thing. The “Holy” part brings God directly into this Creation relationship (kinky! all Holy Matrimonies are divinely polyamorous!
HAWT!) both in the creation of the welfare reform law new soul, and in google the blessing and guiding and raising of the new soul. So ignorant Church elders aside, no, gay people in a gay civil marriage cannot, by definition, pull off Holy Matrimony. Even if God miraculously gets one of them immaculately pregnant, the 1996 welfare law other partner still isn’t the co-Creator of the new soul, and never will be. They have not, and cannot ever, bring new souls into existence with one another. Two dudes and two chicks can get civilly married. Two dudes and two chicks can have a lifelong relationship of mutual fidelity to one another. Good for them. All of that is entirely awesome. Google! But, by definition, they cannot possibly engage in Holy Matrimony with one another.
Ever. Period. So any Church claiming that two people of the same sex have a “Holy Matrimony” with one another can be safely dismissed as unserious and willfully ignorant and having no idea what Matrimony actually is. Liberal! The laity can be forgiven such ignorance on google, the word, but the clergy reveal completely useless unseriousness if they publicly proclaim the same. Their sect should expect to wither on liberal feminism sociology, the vine as fundamentally incoherent. TA: “Unless you are also interested in reversing the institution of google no-fault divorce, starting to put back in place the coverture laws that were finally dismantled in management techniques the late 20th century, and background reshaping the culture to narrow women’s acceptable occupational prospects to Negative Effects of Diversity a small slice of largely subordinate and google service roles, there’s no going back to feminism the pre-60’s world.” But that assumes that the causal factors were all legal and material, instead of the background change in the ideas propogated from the commanding heights of the culture–academia, media, entertainment, etc. I’ll go on record defending anti-egalitarian marriages here. We’ve been over this ground before, I think, and I agree with your general point that the dynamic of a particular marriage or relationship- egalitarian, patriarchal, matriarchal, polygamous, monogamous, polyandrous, etc.- is fundamentally between the people involved, and not anyone else.
The human heart is a mystery. Welfare! And I certainly have no interest in background pressuring people to conform to enders games a dynamic that isn’t right for them. Having said that, I’m not a believer in egalitarian marriages or relationships for myself , nor am I a big believer that they’ll work for most people. In terms of the background google kind of relationship I want to 1996 law be in, it’s the kind where I would be the background head of the household, and where there would be a well defined leader and follower. I don’t think the headship role always has to be the male, although it will probably work out that way more often than not, and really, my views about hierarchical marriages have more to do with my deep, deep, deep skepticism about freedom and equality than my views about gender. (I’m somewhat less essentialist about gender than I was a couple years ago: male and female means differ, for a great many traits, but the mean tells you fairly little about any particular case). To put that in a different context: I’m skeptical about Sociology: of Its Development Essay, egalitarian marriages for the same reasons I have a bitter skepticism and google distaste for liberal democracy.
The kind of left-wing politics I favour is the leftism of the (benevolent) vanguard party, not the leftism of the ballot box. I think that most people want to be led, to some degree, and that most people aren’t either well suited or nor deeply desirous of ruling themselves. The utter disasters that democracy made of both the Soviet Union in 1996 law the 1990s and the Middle East since the Arab Spring, underscore that fact for google me. Thematic! This doesn’t, as I said, always mean that the man has to take the leading role. There are lots of background ways a marriage might be hierarchical besides gender. (You might have a difference in intelligence, or in age, or in earnings, or in social dominance, or in techniques empathy, or in courage, or in any number of other traits). Google! But in enders games any case, it’s my belief that there are a great many people, both male and background female, who don’t have the ability or interest in being autonomous, self-ruling individuals, and to force them to Sociology: Essay be free, either in background marriage or in government, is to force them into message, a WEIRD liberal box that they will never be truly happy in. “You will find that there are plenty of gay people who manage, sir.”
There may be plenty of straight people who could manage a gay relationship, too. Does that mean that they should go out of their way to do this? You, whoever you are, have no idea what you are talking about. Back off. Attempts to presume the power to police the background google topics of acceptable discourse are always adorable. Also: utterly unconvincing, because they inherently reveal a lack of any better argument. From what I’ve read of your recent responses here, I admit that I expected better than this as a first response from you. Thanks for the reminder that disappointment is eternally a wise expectation where human beings are concerned. As for “have no idea what I’m talking about”, you are rather new here to thematic say that. More established than Rob, but clearly not a long-term reader to background google make such a frequently-disproven claim.
My direct personal experience, quite thoroughly well-documented here and at the Atlantic in the recent years, includes teen gay rape, tribe-over-everything Catholic in-laws championing their child’s infidelity over any concept of adhering to their claimed religious standards, polyamory-as-attempted-triad marriage-wrecking disaster among two different family members, polyamory-as-open-relationship epic disaster among a housemate of Development Essay nine years, missed-monogamy-with-greatest-love-of-life opportunity (now regretted forever) from that same roommate, plenty of observer exposure to both kinds of google straight polyamory communities (in two different Southwest cities!) over ten years (through the explain management techniques aforementioned people and several mutual friends). While we’re at it, I’ve been pretty firmly a gay civil marriage advocate (and military service advocate, and nondiscrimination-law advocate, and Trans-sexuality-as-inter-sexuality Exists advocate) here for years, and have been so since Puberty , so hooray for Obergefell bringing us to Two Down and One to Go, no matter how mediocre Kennedy’s argumentation was. Part and parcel of all that advocacy, of course, has been full frontal exposure to the minority of nonmonogamous gay dude polyamory-as-catting-around excesses (and multiple instances of google lesbians-moving-in-forever-after-less-than-a-month). I can tell you hair-curlers from Folsom, Burning Man, and the local downtown gay bar to match anything achieved at the straight polyamory-as-catting-around clubs from the prior paragraph. Finally, I am well-documented as working retail for life, usually in mid-management. Bookstores are a fantastic decade of that, but there were plenty of years of convenience stores prior to that while in and just out of enders games university. Universities, unsurprisingly, often reside really close to downtowns and to other unsavory parts, so I’ve managed and assistant managed different stores directly next to strip clubs, near the background local red light district, close to Frat Row, and/or around the aching wastes of welfare law tweaking junkies trying to steal the frickin’ cough syrup back around the new millennium.
So let’s say that I’ve seen a Ton of “empowered” women of background various wealth levels all find out for themselves exactly how “liberating” multiple men in their life who are only interested in them for the easy sex actually works out to Sociology: of Its Essay be. So if you want to tell me that I “have no idea what I am talking about”, you’re going to background need to enders games provide some actual evidence. This would be insulting if it wasn’t so stupid. Your emotions aren’t relevant, and google your ad hominem accusation of conflict management stupidity is, at present, entirely unsubstantiated. Both, again, imply that you don’t actually have better arguments to bring to the table.
Now wait just a minute here! As a 70 year old woman married for 49 years with four children and four grandchildren, now I’m told that “this love I presently have is the most I can reasonably hope for” but it is of course inferior?? Previously, the background google Union you shared was capable of creating entirely new souls for this world, with the understanding that both you and A Synthesis of Its Development Essay your co-Creator were going to be around to guide and nurture those souls. That higher state of Union was, quite bluntly, a state more capable of transcendant rewards, more potentially giving to you of eternal blessings (grandchildren! knowing your adult kids!) than is the no-doubt sweet and adorkable sex of your present sterility and impending demise. The sex you have now cannot give you new children to hold, nor another half-century to cherish them.
Period. Your marital relations are no longer able to be Matrimonial. Period. Thankfully for you, you luckily took the opportunity to partake of at least some of the background blessings of Matrimony while the opportunity was available for you, and actually did so with a Father who planned to enders games faithfully stick around with you afterward. So the blessings of that Matrimony that you two both fulfilled continue to enrich your life, and the interest on google, that miraculous wealth continues to compound in enders games your present lives, even though you two are flatly incapable of recreating the google same miracle today, no matter how skilled nor sweet the welfare bonding-sex might be after half a century. If you have any actual counter-argument to that basic observation of background google plain-as-day Reality, please make it. Amen, sister.
If there is one thing I’ve learned over welfare law the many years, it’s that quite often those most worried about others people’s sex lives have some of the most miserable, screwed up relationships around. Way to embrace and google embody the worst stereotypes of your cohort. Feminist, heal thyself. The lamentable reflex to gossipy ad hominem aside, demonstration of nothing other than in-group backslapping and snide putdowns always betrays an incapacity to bring actually-persuasive arguments into play. If you have any actual counterarguments to make, feel free to liberal make them. P.S. As one who has been chaste since the betrayal of my previous matrimony, and in google a very restrictive dating pool where attraction to the opposite sex is concerned, my relationships of the past decade have been primarily ones of family, profession, and deep friendship. On that front, I’ve happily kept siblings and surviving parent off each other’s throats over some truly epic life implosions, continue to mutually celebrate several birthdays and births with now-bankrupt-bookstore coworkers from over a decade ago, love and adore most of my present staff and long-term clientele beyond reason, and have been part of the to Reduce Negative Essay same cadre of stay-here University friends since University ended (warts and all), with dozens of annual rituals beyond the obvious big days. Background Google! In all of this, I am immeasurably blessed and absurdly lucky. Consequently, the beneath-you effort at ad hominem primarily serves to make me grateful for the ridiculous bounty I presently have, while fully aware that the liberal sociology joys of Matrimony are not (presently) part of it.
The widebore putdown attempt also abundantly reinforces that adding some non-Matrimonial sex with a self-absorbed user on the side, as trivially easy as that is in the present day, would be a massive net negative to all the relationships I actually care about and derive joy from. Thank you for background google the reminder. Can someone please define what is a “secularized cultural Christian.” Not a Christian, but I’ll take a stab. 1) Someone who “is a Christian” solely because they got baptized as an infant and taken to Church as a kiddo. Actual knowledge of any religious or moral reality other than “Jesus was God” is possibly lacking, and even that isn’t certain. 2) Someone who finds the Ten Commandments and the Sermon on A Synthesis Development, the Mount largely optional to their life as a Christian, if they are even aware of them at all. Christmas as shopping extravaganza, however, is totally locked in.
3) Someone whose moral and background google ethical compass has been almost entirely derived from explain management, non-Christian sources, be those sources blowhard talk radio, blowhard social justice media, corporate spectacle talk shows, life debacle reality shows, lurid tabloids, earnest documentaries, family custom, observation of google strangers, Disney movies, and/or trial and error life experience. Basically: someone who claims, on paper, to be Christian, probably because of some early exposure, but who is entirely secular as a practical matter and enders games only a Christian insofar as “Team USA” (or “Team Russia” or “Team Italy” or whatever) is background also “Team Christianity” in a tribal (and usually incoherent) manner. Re: But that assumes that the causal factors were all legal and material, instead of the change in the ideas propogated from the Essay commanding heights of the culture–academia, media, entertainment, etc. While the entertainment industry does influence public attitudes, the average person knows little and cares less about the froth of ideas churning around in google academia. Academia might as well be out in the Oort Cloud for feminism sociology all the influence it exerts on common life,. Re: Well, sometimes yes, sometimes no. Time and google place mattered a lot.
As a general rule wealthy families wanted to welfare make sure if their daughter married a scapegrace he would not be able to background google drain the liberal feminism family fortune, so a marriage contract (the precursor to today’s prenups) might specify just what he could and couldn’t get his hands on. Background! Back in the 15th century when Margaret Beaufort, twice a widow, wed Lord Stanley she negotiated her own contract with him and specified certain incomes from her estates to be directed to him, and that was it (Richard III handed over the whole Beaufort fortune to Lord Stanley when Margaret was caught red-handed intriguing against Richard; when her son became king as Henry VII Parliament passed an Steps to Reduce Negative Effects Essay, act handing it all back to her) In the 18th century when fabulously rich Jacques Necker (Louis XVI’s finance minister) married off his daughter and only child to the Swedish ambassador, Baron Eric de Stael, the contract gave the Baron (a known spendthrift) a healthy dowry, but specified he could not touch one sow of the Necker fortune, and google many years later after the couple had separated and de Stael had fallen into 1996 welfare, penury it took a direct order from Napoleon to background force the lady to provide for her husband’s sustenance. Of course there were social elite at the too of of Its Essay society. But it was the elite who had the sort of property that one tended to worry about. David Brooks would tell us that the google Civil Rights movement was a great success and changed everything. Steps To Reduce Negative! 50 years later, theres very little integration of google blacks and whites in the US. 1996! That was a nugget from the background Ferguson MO story last year: Mike Brown went to thematic a high school that was pretty much all black.
Think of background TV drama shows: Are there any gay regular main characters on Criminal Minds or NCIS? They don’t put a gay character in thematic an ensemble cast drama series because they know it would turn off the background audience. So much for how everyone is fine with homosexuality now. There was a news item about a bakery in Oregon that refused to make a wedding cake for lesbians and message the judge issued a $135,000 fine. Theres the opening: Not 1 in 10 Americans likes that and Democrats can be forced to support a federal law to do something about homosexuals destroying people with fines.
David Brooks was a big Iraq War supporter. Never forget that. The elites have shown us they can be 100% wrong and Brooks is background google probably wrong that everyone should/will accept “gay marriage” now. Siarlys, you are correct. Thematic Message! I didn’t go into it, but if you look at background google, the sites from which I drew the Lewis quotes, they’re clear that in his own life, especially after he got married, Lewis was very different in his practice from feminism, what he’d earlier maintained in regard to background gender relations. My point in bringing it up, I guess, was to thematic point out the problems with his mode of argumentation. It’s true that morality is more than just social harmony.
On the google other hand, it’s easy to slide from the notion that the interior person needs to be healed, too–a quite valid notion–into various kinds of essentialisms (not just of gender), and from there into giving other people questionable dicta about how lead their private lives. For example, while I favor egalitarian relationships, I appreciate that Hector gives a well-thought-out and not intrinsically sexist argument for welfare reform law male–I won’t say “headship”, because that sounds too promise keeper-y, but maybe “leadership”. I would never wish that he have any other relationship with a future spouse–call her Suzy Q.–than what he wants. Likewise, he wouldn’t want me and background my wife not to have an liberal feminism, egalitarian relationship. The problem with models like Lewis’s rhetorical –if not lived–model, is google that they actually do tell you that you have to have the husband be head, or you have to enders games have an egalitarian marriage or you have to background go to Church X, etc. To use Lewis’s metaphor, I don’t think we know as much about the liberal sociology shipwright’s craft as we think we do; and in the name of “fixing” other people’s ships, we all to often start lopping off the bowsprit or tangling the ropes or mangling the sails, when there never really was anything wrong to begin with. In short, making a skiff look like a clipper isn’t “fixing” skiff–it’s just ruining a perfectly good boat. “But that assumes that the causal factors were all legal and material, instead of the change in the ideas propogated from the commanding heights of the google culture–academia, media, entertainment, etc.”
Good luck with this line of conflict management techniques argument. I’ve brought this up here numerous times but I’ve yet to background google have one of the liberals here even engage the idea, let alone accept it. “If there is one thing I’ve learned over the many years, it’s that quite often those most worried about others people’s sex lives have some of the Steps to Reduce Negative Essay most miserable, screwed up relationships around.” Please. I could give two craps about what you or what anyone else does in their bedroom, or in google any other room for feminism that matter.
But I do object to having everyone under the sun bringing it out of the bedroom, jamming it in my face, and telling me I have to accept whatever it is as just fine and dandy. Sorry, but it will not happen. For what it’s worth, the sources were a CDC report from background, 1973 that stated a national divorce rate of A Synthesis of Its 2.6 divorces per 1000 population in 1950 and state of google MA stats for 2012 citing 2.5 divorces per 1000 population. Of Its! I’m sure there would be reasons to quibble over the details, but the main thing I found interesting was that they are basically equivalent. Re: legal and material factors, I’m not saying they are the google sole factors, but they are significant ones. Culture certainly plays a part. However, if divorce again much harder to execute and if women have many fewer options available to Steps Negative Effects Essay them post-divorce, we’d see fewer divorces. My deal is that Lewis said “A” exists no less than “B” exists. Background Google! He didn’t say “A” is equal to “B.” If he had equated “man over wife” to “man over beast,” then yes, I would have the same hang-ups as you. Liberal Feminism! I don’t think he did that, though, and I’m not sure you understood precisely to what I took exception. That said, if you still read him as equating the two, fine.
I’m not here to make enemies. Hector: Have you found any women who agree with you? I think it’s pretty easy to background find people to agree with the proposition that there’s only one boss in the relationship, and enders games it’s themselves. It’s a little harder to get them to agree that someone else should be the boss, and background google they should submit, because reasons. I was once engaged to Sociology: A Synthesis of Its Essay a guy who would patiently explain to me that it just worked better if there was one authority, and the other person submitted. It was not a reflection on my intelligence, that was just how it worked best. Background Google! I objected that if the only way that he could get me to of Its go along with some damn fool plan was to order me to, I was not going to sign onto that ahead of time. Background! We did not marry.
My husband has talked me into a few poor ideas over the years, but he had to enders games take the trouble to background talk me into it. He couldn’t just order me because he was the boss and I was the submissive mate. I owned the decisions. College boyfriend has been divorced at least two, and, I think, three times. Darling hubby has been married to 1996 welfare his first wife for 38 years. What works best? I mentioned before that I am reading Unorthodox, the story of a Hassidic Jewish woman who leaves the sect. While she wants to leave, she is hampered by her lack of education, and her inability to background earn a living, daycare for her child, and lack of support from the community. It works best for a woman to be submissive, let the man have the headship, and do what he wants, if she has absolutely no other choice. If she can’t support herself and her children apart from her husband, she’s going to Sociology: A Synthesis of Its stay with her husband. That doesn’t indicate that this is the best situation for human flourishing for google anyone but the husband, who is fat and Sociology: of Its Development happy, enjoying his cooked meals, cleaned house, and well-raised children, while his miserable wife has no other choice than to do what he wants.
I dunno, Hector. The type of background google hierarchical marital relationship you describe seems to be going the way of the dodo. I believe it was the respected sociologist Brad Wilcox who describes a “soft patriarchy” that generally from functions in liberal sociology more egalitarian terms. Sure, Dad is the nominal head of the household…but Mom can certainly exercise veto power. I’ve done it myself…putting off major expenditures, for background example…until I can jigger the finances, organize and execute the message garage sale, pick up extra work, etc. These days…it is more about playing to the respective strengths…and less about some sort of rigid top down understanding of marriage. I disagree that most people prefer to be led. Most people want their own voice to background google be heard and respected, and prefer cooperation and compromise to Steps Negative of Diversity subordination. The utter disasters that democracy made of both the Soviet Union in google the 1990s and the Middle East since the Arab Spring, underscore that fact for me. As the more libertarian, and constitutional, socialist here, I would just note that while Hector’s point is valid, the 1996 welfare disastrous democratic upsurges were motivated by the disastrous failings of the leaders overthrown.
Rather than depending on virtuous rulers to be at the helm, a kind of Aragorn-applied-to-socialism, we need structural checks and balances. The fact that the General Secretary controls the Central Committee, and the Central Committee controls the background Party membership, rather than the other way around, is a failing. On the other hand, if those who initiated the protests against 1996 welfare reform law Qaddafi had been a tightly organized central committee with a discipline cadre of followers, ISIS would never have gained a foothold in background google Derna. As for headship in the family, I was a little surprised at a certain point in my life to find that there were many women who sincerely sought to management techniques submit to their husbands within a marriage. It works for some. I see no reason the law should make it obligatory, but I see no reason that feminists should grab such women by google the shoulders and cry “No, you have to be FREE, like I am, and Steps to Reduce Negative EQUAL.” The only caveat is that a woman who thinks she is background google abused must have an conflict management techniques, exit available. (Which is why I can’t go along with Erin’s efforts to tighten divorce laws, although I think the efforts of cultural institutions, including churches, to promote “till death do us part” is valuable.
When and as it can work, it is a noble ideal. B. “enthusiastic consent sexual morality” with it’s more permissive attitudes towards behaviors, but strict viewpoints on respecting the autonomy of others. Power in our society often rests with those who can induce other people to enthusiastically make choices that may not serve their interests. The most powerful and well rewarded, although not the most honoured, positions in society often go to successful politicians and sales agents. Unambiguous consent is a necessary but not sufficient condition for background sexual behaviour to be ethical, at least in Christian terms as I understand them. Steps To Reduce Of Diversity! Christians are called to love one another and to love all the world, and Christianity defines love as practical compassion. In sex, no less than in any other area of background google life, whatever Christians do and whatever we abstain from explain conflict techniques, has to reflect love for the others involved.
Following the rules in scripture may help, but our understandings of the background google scriptures themselves have to submit to this test (Matthew 7:12, Mark 12:28-31, Luke 10:25-28,1 John 4:19-21). I don’t know if a marriage oriented towards reproduction gives rise to the “best” sex, however you define that term, but I do know this: Christian ethics do not primarily concern themselves with obtaining the “best” for the “best” people. Explain Techniques! Consider the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:30-37) the priest and Levite in google that parable have a good reason for not stopping: handling an injured person would violate the ritual purity that enables them to make sacrifices, G-d’s blessings may fall on the people. But Jesus implicitly rebukes that point of view. The Kingdom of G-d is with the explain management techniques person in the ditch, the outcast, the lame, the poor, the excluded. The works of G-d are revealed in the ministry to the imperfect (John 9). As for matrimony, look, Latin roots don’t mean much. The word “matrix” has he same root as matrimony, but we don’t expect math textbooks or computers to give birth. The question of same-sex marriage is simple: do our Gay brothers and Lesbian sisters have the google capacity for commitment that opposite sex couples do? Can they receive some of the blessings of making a life together, giving to conflict the community, caring for children? The claim that the highest blessings of marriage should be reserved for fertile opposite sex couples would seem to contradict he priorities expressed many times in background google the Gospels.
Can someone please define what is a “secularized cultural Christian.” To me it sounds like they mean a liberal Christian who disagrees with their point of view. Some examples would be a liberal Quaker or UCC. I do know at least one hierarchical marriage: A retired Marine married to a Japanese woman. To Reduce Effects Of Diversity! She rushes home to background cook for him, as if he couldn’t find a deli and A Synthesis of Its Development Essay feed himself if she doesn’t take care of it. He’s been told he has cancer and has six months to live. Background! She has never paid a bill, called a plumber, or gotten the enders games car repaired – those are men’s jobs.
They are both having a panicked realization that she doesn’t know how to take care of herself when he’s not there to do it any more. How does that benefit anyone to background google keep her in a state of explain management techniques childlike dependency when that state has to end? Since most wives are eventually widowed, wouldn’t it be better to learn some independence at background google, 25 than 65? Hector: Have you found any women who agree with you? The short answer is yes, as Siarlys points out. There are quite a lot of women (and in some contexts, men) who find this sort of arrangement deeply fulfilling. Gretchen, I’m reasonbly sure I understand your point, but I’m prompted to offer this for Steps to Reduce of Diversity Essay your consideration. Is the woman in your example doomed to a “fatal” outcome? Much depends on local context. Will she have family on either side who are able and willing to step in google and help her? Is there a form of explain help available which would instruct her in those skills in google which she is currently ignorant?
Is she intellectually and emotionally (as in message is she too afraid to be) capable of receiving and google using that instruction? The answers for a given individual are important, and those answers will inform the general case. As a counter-example, if her local context is one in which she is Steps Negative Effects barred from acquiring those skills, that would be a very different story to background be told. Sure, Dad is the liberal sociology nominal head of the household…but Mom can certainly exercise veto power. In various ways, this has been true of many patriarchal cultures, which is probably one thing that kept such cultures stable. Some Orthodox Jewish scholars can detail the many things that only happen if the rabbi’s wife organizes the women of the synagogue in background google support… so the rabbi has to convince his wife, not order her, and she has to convince the enders games other women, not order them. Background Google! The line in the big fat Greek wedding about man being the head and woman being the neck did not spring full grown from the brow of A Synthesis Development a Hollywood comedy writer.
Siarlys, that is a good point. I have beloved Japanese aunt who runs a tight ship…with the mere power of her eyes. Background Google! My uncle just…knows…by looking at law, her whether or not she is on board with household decisions. They are the cutest couple.