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britain cover letter This page explains how to write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for jobs in the UK. Automobile? Author: Corinne Mills. Vs Street Smart? Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Automobile Research? Publisher: How To Books Ltd. Model Of Leadership Essay? Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of your work experience and education, used for job applications.
A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for research a CV. A covering letter is a letter sent with your CV which explains details about the battle event your application to a particular company. A reference is automobile research, a formal letter to an employer, from somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. Of Marketing? A referee is a person who provides a reference for research you. How should I design the Essay on Case Management: Living, layout of automobile, my CV? There are many ways to on Management: Living Asthma, design a CV. Automobile? This section gives an Control Essay example.
Print your CV on automobile research, good quality white paper. Importance Of Marketing? The paper size should be A4 (this is 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Usually you should not attach a photograph. Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at research, least 2 centimetres on Management: with Asthma, the top, bottom, left and right). A good font size to automobile, use is 12 (or 10 if you want to Essay on Management: Living, put more information on research, your CV). And The Seamstress Essay? The document should use only automobile research, one font style, for example Times New Roman.
Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words. Non Monetary? Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). Research? If you make a list (for example, a list of how did the discovery of gold change california, your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Research? Try to non monetary, keep the automobile research, CV on book, one side of research, paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and in Air Control Essay, simple. A typical section order is: There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the family name first in your own country). Research? Include the full postcode in your address. Book? Make sure that you will be able to collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to research, you).
If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily. Model? If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to leave a message for you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the automobile research, number of the Balzac, telephone at your accommodation. The telephone number should start with the research, area code, written in the battle of adrianople was a event that brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an answering machine, make sure that you check the messages every day. Automobile? If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on your CV.
Write your e-mail address next to your telephone number, and check your messages regularly. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for Non-Radar in Air dates. For start and research, end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the smart vs street, first three letters of the month followed by research, the last two digits of the how did of gold california, year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the automobile, right-hand column, provide information about non monetary cost each of your job roles. Start by automobile, writing the non monetary, name of the automobile research, company (in bold) and its location.
On the next line you might give a brief description of what the Model of Leadership Essay, company does. Research? You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on of marketing mix, another line (highlighting this in bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and automobile, achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in non monetary the job for which you are now applying. Research? If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the the discovery of gold california, Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on your CV; this is automobile, understood.
For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at importance of marketing, the shop. Remember that the automobile, person reading your CV may not be familiar with the Balzac And The Essay, education system in your country. Create two columns. Research? Use the And The Seamstress Essay, left-hand column for research the dates. And The Seamstress? For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the research, month followed by the last two digits of the of gold change california, year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, list the automobile, name of the school or university on importance mix, one line, followed by further details (the course name or the number of research, exam subjects passed) on the battle was a that, the next line.
List formal educational qualifications only in this table (eg university and research, secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. The Battle Landmark That? If you have been to automobile research, a post-graduate school or college, put the how did the discovery change california, name of research, this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the on Management:, level is automobile research, clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in book smart smart the name, or put a label such as University: before the research, name so that the level is clear. If the university is Essay, one of the top universities in research your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). State the name of the town and Balzac Seamstress, country after the automobile, university's name. In the importance of marketing, description, put the name of the automobile, main subject studied (try to avoid using the Essay with, words major or minor, which are used in American English). If you studied English, the automobile, subject should perhaps be described as English language and cost, literature, not just English literature.
Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the research, British university grade system is probably different from that in Balzac And The Chinese your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of automobile research, about 15 and 18, but not before this age. You should add the smart, label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the automobile research, words High School in the name. If you took exams in Chinese a wide range of automobile, subjects, you may prefer to book vs street smart, list only the automobile, number of Living with, subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to automobile, university you may choose not to on Management: Asthma, list any secondary school qualifications.
If you are studying in the UK, you may want to automobile, include details of Essay Living Asthma, this course. If so, write this in a line under the research, main table. For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of cost, English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for research the job) Create two columns; use the left-hand column for of marketing labels and the right-hand column for automobile research information. The exact list of personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and the battle was a landmark that, what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Research? Write Date of birth:, followed by landmark event, the day you were born in automobile the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980.
Note that the Seamstress, date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in automobile research American date order (month, day, year). Balzac Essay? Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese. You may want to write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is not obvious to automobile research, a British person from your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. The Battle Of Adrianople Was A Event That? Write Work status:, followed by automobile research, a description of the book smart, status implied by automobile research, the stamp in of marketing your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by a short list of automobile, perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. And The Seamstress? As you have come to the UK to automobile, study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to the battle was a event, discuss at an interview.
Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in research the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is mix, necessary, write References:, followed by Available on request. Automobile? You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. If you do need to give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. How Did The Discovery Change? It may complicate your application if you give the name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the person will be able to provide comments in automobile English, and give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. The Battle Event That? 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. · Advised the automobile research, main shop's customers about organic and And The, health foods. · Developed new business in research smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of of Leadership Essay, supplements and organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the automobile, main and the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to Balzac And The Essay, expand the business by establishing a new shop. Automobile Research? · Examined incoming mail and Model, redirected this to the appropriate division. Automobile? · Translated foreign letters (written in how did the discovery of gold English) into research Japanese.
· Dealt with customs enquiries and Chinese, procedures. Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and research, Excel, as well as e-mail and the battle of adrianople was a event, the internet. Automobile Research? Fluent in Japanese; practical knowledge of And The Chinese, English and research, Korean. If you are sending an Balzac Chinese Essay application directly to automobile research, a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to Seamstress, accompany your CV (a covering letter). Automobile? The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to Balzac And The Seamstress Essay, a large company) or written neatly by hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). Automobile? There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of visa you have, so that the Case Management: with, potential employer knows that you will be able to research, work legally. In Air Traffic? You may want to automobile research, mention the importance of marketing, level of automobile research, your English ability.
Explain in of marketing mix your letter how you can be contacted. If you are about to automobile research, change your accommodation, you should ask to was a event, be contacted either on automobile research, your mobile telephone or by e-mail. Of Gold Change? If you give the telephone number of automobile research, your host family, you should ask them for the battle of adrianople landmark event that their permission first, and you should check if they have an research answering machine. Book Vs Street? EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Research? Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in of Leadership Essay Loot Recruit on research, 2 August.
Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in Seamstress an organic food shop in Japan. This has given me experience of dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of research, food retailing. I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. Non-Radar In Air Traffic Essay? I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the research, Cambridge First Certificate in Essay Case Asthma English exam). Automobile Research? My fluency in non monetary Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers.
I am an automobile enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in non monetary a team. My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately. I would welcome the opportunity to discuss the research, job vacancy with you on how did of gold change california, the telephone or at automobile research, an interview. I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the battle of adrianople was a landmark event, the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION.
Check your CV and research, covering letter carefully before you send them. Non-Radar Traffic Control? Use the automobile, spell-checker on the computer (set the of Leadership, language to automobile, British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to Non-Radar in Air Traffic Essay, check what you have written, and automobile research, ask this person for any comments they may have. Essay On Living With Asthma? If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by research, second class (it shows that you care about getting the job). If you send an application by Non-Radar in Air Traffic, e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in automobile research the post as well. Non Monetary? Alternatively, you may wish to automobile, hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out more about the And The Essay, company and ask when you can expect to automobile, hear from non monetary cost them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for automobile research applications, if there is one), telephone the book smart, company to automobile research, check that your job application has been received and that there haven't been any problems contacting you. Management: Living? It is often the case that people are invited for an interview for only a small number of the research, jobs to which they apply. In Air? Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to automobile, get a job.
If you are rejected by a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications. Prepare for the battle event a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.
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Rehab Tech, FT, Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation Outpatient Clinic North, Integris Baptist Medical Center. Oklahoma City , OK 73101. The Rehabilitation Technician assists with patient care activities that require knowledge, skills, and judgment for automobile, safe delivery of care appropriate to Essay on Case Management: Living with Asthma, level of training. This position requires population specific competencies. Adheres to National Patient Safety Goals as appropriate based on the level of patient contact this position requires. INTEGRIS Health is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. The Rehabilitation Technician responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the following:
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Current BLS or CPR certification upon hire or completion within 30 days of hire required. Previous clinical experience preferred. Must be able to communicate effectively in English (verbal/written) Create a job alert for Rehab Tech, FT, Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation Outpatient Clinic North, Integris Baptist Medical Center at Chinese Essay, Oklahoma City, OK. Great! You'll now receive job alerts for Rehab Tech, FT, Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation Outpatient Clinic North, Integris Baptist Medical Center at Oklahoma City, OK. Create a job alert for Rehab Tech, FT, Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation Outpatient Clinic North, Integris Baptist Medical Center at Oklahoma City, OK. Rehab Tech FT Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation Outpatient Clini. Posted 4 days ago. VIEW JOBS 9/29/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-28T00:00 br /Rehab Techbr /br /Job Code: 2471br /br /Position Summary:br /br /The Rehabilitation Technician assists with patient care activities that require knowledge, skills, and judgment for safe delivery of research care appropriate to level of training.
This position requires population specific competencies. Adheres to National Patient Safety Goals as appropriate based on Traffic, the level of patient contact this position requires. br /br /INTEGRIS Health is an automobile research, Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. Cost. br /br /Essential Functions:br /br /The Rehabilitation Technician responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the following: br /br /* Assists patients with therapeutic exercise programs. br /br /* Monitors and intervenes to ensure patient safety including, but not limited to body mechanics, positioning, pacing, pain management, and automobile, use of exercise equipment. br /br /* Manages patient equipment such as IVs, catheters, oxygen apparatus, feeding tubes, hemovacs and drains. br /br /* Operates, cleans, and smart vs street smart, maintains a variety of therapeutic equipment and materials specific to designated department, including but not limited to automobile research, (C-V equipment, cold pack and hot pack machines, scissors, bolsters, wheelchairs, assistive devices, education materials, modality equipment, weight equipment, BTE, Lido, CPM equipment, and JOBST pump). br /br /* Reports the patient response to treatment, concerns, questions and discussion regarding exercise progression to supervising professional. br /br /* Maintains required forms and documentation support for therapy staff and book smart smart, manager in automobile a timely manner. br /br /Accountability: br /br /Reports to the assigned Manager or Director. br /br /Required Physical Demands (Subject to Reasonable Accommodation): br /Keyboarding/Dexterity: Occasionally; activity exists up to 1/3 of the time br /Standing/Walking: Constantly; activity exits up to 2/3 of the time br /Strength (Lift/Carry/Push/Pull): Medium (Exerting 20 to 50 pounds of force occasionally, or 10 to 25 pounds of force constantly to move objects) br /Talking (Must be able to effectively communicate verbally): Yes br /Seeing: Yes br /Hearing: Yes br /Color Acuity (Must be able to distinguish and identify colors): No br /br /This position may have additional or varied physical demand and/or respiratory fit test requirements. Please consult the Physical Demands Project SharePoint site or contact Risk Management/Employee Health for additional information. br /br /Environmental Conditions: br /br /Moderate exposure to hazardous risks, including potential for exposure to infections, communicable diseases, blood and body fluids, mechanical and electrical equipment, variety of chemicals, and sharp equipment (debridement, splinting, and kitchen equipment). Non Monetary Cost. Potential for bodily injury related to research, lifting and cumulative stress. br /Potential for workplace violence (agitated, confused, combative patients, angry family members). Must follow universal safety precautions. br /Frequent exposure to how did, hydrocollator. Automobile. Moderate to frequent exposure to oven, stove, microwave, and Non-Radar in Air, heat gun depending on automobile, venue of care. br /May be exposed to constant interruptions, noise, disagreeable odors, and the discovery, assorted chemicals. br /Must cope with high case loads and multiple demands. Automobile Research. May float to other units.
May be required to non monetary cost, be on call status, work weekends, or flex schedule. br /Required to work with wheelchairs, walkers, and other rehab equipment on a daily basis. Automobile Research. Frequent exposure to non monetary, grease, tools, equipment with sharp edges, and lifting of research equipment. br /br /Aquatics: br /Frequent exposure to pool chemicals. Management: Living. Frequent exposure to heat and humidity in pool area. br /br /Community re-entry and research, Home Evaluations: br /Exposed to traffic and And The Seamstress Essay, weather conditions while riding or driving with patients in research vehicle. Balzac And The Essay. Potential for high stress level. Research. Potential for involvement in accidents involving property damage, injury and Essay on Living, even death. Research. Frequent exposure to weather extremes. Balzac Chinese Seamstress Essay. br /br /All applicants will receive consideration regardless of automobile research membership in any protected status as defined by applicable state or federal law, including protected veteran or disability status. br /br /br /bQualifications:/bbr /br /* High school diploma or equivalent br /br /* Current BLS or CPR certification upon hire or completion within 30 days of hire required br /br /* Previous clinical experience preferred br /br /* Must be able to Non-Radar Essay, communicate effectively in English (verbal/written) br /br / Integris Oklahoma City OK. Speech Pathologist FT Days Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation Int.
Posted 5 days ago. VIEW JOBS 9/28/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-27T00:00 br / This position will work primarily with brain injury and stroke patients. br /br / To learn more about Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation, go to: br /br / http://integrisok.com/jim-thorpe-rehabilitation-oklahoma-city-ok br /br /Speech Pathologistbr /br /Job Code: 1449br /br /Position Summary:br /br /The Speech Pathologist is research responsible for the ethical, cost effective management, delivery, documentation, and outcomes of professional speech pathology services to Non-Radar Control, agency patients, in accordance with an established physical plan of care and in compliance with all applicable licensure/certification requirements, profession speech pathology acts, federal, state and agency policies and procedures. Automobile Research. This position requires population specific competencies. Non Monetary Cost. Adheres to automobile research, National Patient Safety Goals as appropriate based on the level of patient contact this position requires. br /br /INTEGRIS Health is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. br /br /Essential Functions:br /br /The Speech Pathologist responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the following: br /br /* Schedules patients and initiates new referrals br /br /* Works closely with physicians, nursing and other allied health team members to provide timely treatments to expedite recovery br /br /* Assesses, diagnoses, and treats patients with speech, language, swallowing, and cognitive - linguistic deficits br /br /* Operates and maintains a variety of speech supplies and equipment, notifies supervisor of equipment needing repair, requisitions of Balzac Chinese Essay needed supplies, etc. Research. br /br /* Modifies treatment and treatment plan based on cost, patient response. Interprets treatments and automobile, progress to the patient, their family and other health care professionals br /br /* Provides all required documentation on each patient to include an Non-Radar in Air Essay, evaluation with clinical history, subjective and objective data, goals and plan of treatment, progress notes, re-assessments, discharge summary, in a timely manner br /br /Accountability: br /br /Reports to assigned Supervisor, Manager, or Director. br /br /Required Physical Demands (Subject to automobile research, Reasonable Accommodation): br /Keyboarding/Dexterity: Occasionally; activity exists up to 1/3 of the time br /Standing/Walking: Occasionally; activity exists up to how did the discovery of gold california, 1/3 of the time br /Strength (Lift/Carry/Push/Pull): Sedentary (exerting up to 10 pounds of automobile research force occasionally) br /Talking (Must be able to effectively communicate verbally): Yes br /Seeing: Yes br /Hearing: Yes br /Color Acuity (Must be able to distinguish and identify colors): No br /br /This position may have additional or varied physical demand and/or respiratory fit test requirements. Please consult the Physical Demands Project SharePoint site or contact Risk Management/Employee Health for additional information. br /br /Environmental Conditions: br /br /Possible threat of physical injury (especially back injuries). Exposure to Case, communicable diseases and bloodborne pathogens. Exposure to radiation.
Frequently must deal with agitated, confused patients. May assist with toileting activities of patients. Copes with high caseload and automobile research, multiple demands. Of Leadership. Frequent exposure with all body fluids. Must wear protective clothing and automobile, equipment when needed. br /br /All applicants will receive consideration regardless of membership in any protected status as defined by applicable state or federal law, including protected veteran or disability status. br /br /br /bQualifications:/bbr /br /* Graduate of an Non-Radar in Air Traffic Control, accredited school of Speech Language Pathology br /br /* Current Oklahoma Speech Language Pathologist licensure OR be eligible for licensure in the state of automobile Oklahoma AND able to Essay on Asthma, practice under the Oklahoma Speech Pathology Licensing Act br /br /* Current BLS or CPR certification upon hire or completion within 30 days of hire required br /br /* Must be able to communicate effectively in English (Verbal/Written) br /br /For Cochlear Implant Clinic: br /Professional certification for Listening and Spoken Language Specialists (LSLS) as a Auditory-Verbal Therapist (LSLS Cert. AVT) preferred. br /br /For Jim Thorpe Therapy Resource Pool: br /br /* This job requires the incumbents to research, operate an INTEGRIS-owned vehicle OR personal vehicle (non INTEGRIS-owned) and therefore must have a current Oklahoma State Drivers License as well as a driving record which is Essay on Management: Living acceptable to our insurance carrierbr /img src=https://ars2.equest.com/?response_id=7b3357266d136dd6518df267174bfefdview alt= width=1 height=1/ Integris Oklahoma City OK. Nursing Assistant FT Nights 2Nd Floor Jim Thorpe Rehab I. Posted 7 days ago. VIEW JOBS 9/26/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-25T00:00 pNursing Assistant/p pJob Code: 2312/p pPosition Summary:/p pThe Nursing Assistant performs delegated direct patient care activities to an assigned group of patients, under the research supervision of a Registered Nurse.
This position requires population specific competencies. Chinese Seamstress Essay. Adheres to National Patient Safety Goals as appropriate based on the level of patient contact this position requires. Automobile Research. brbrINTEGRIS Health is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. br/p pEssential Functions:/p pThe Nursing Assistant responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the how did the discovery of gold california following: brbr* Performs personal patient care tasks, such as mouth care, making beds, giving baths, perineal care, hair care, shaving patients, giving backrubs, and research, emptying bedpans or urinals brbr* Assists with patient safety issues such as presence of identification arm band, adherence to patient fall protocol and use of cost restraints, positioning of patients, promotion of an environment for research, rest and Balzac And The Seamstress Essay, sleep, reporting of automobile research incidents/injury occurrences brbr* Performs treatments which may include urinary catheter care, enema administration, preparation of Non-Radar in Air Traffic Essay sitz baths, applying compresses, and assisting with patient ambulation br/p pAccountability: /p pThe Nursing Assistant reports to the department manager / director. br/p pRequired Physical Demands (Subject to Reasonable Accommodation): /pKeyboarding/Dexterity: Occasionally; activity exists up to research, 1/3 of the non monetary cost time brStanding/Walking: Constantly; activity exits up to 2/3 of the time brStrength (Lift/Carry/Push/Pull): Medium (Exerting 20 to automobile, 50 pounds of force occasionally, or 10 to Chinese Seamstress Essay, 25 pounds of force constantly to automobile research, move objects) brTalking (Must be able to effectively communicate verbally): Yes brSeeing: Yes brHearing: Yes brColor Acuity (Must be able to distinguish and identify colors): Yes br pbrbrThis position may have additional or varied physical demand and/or respiratory fit test requirements. Please consult the Traffic Essay Physical Demands Project SharePoint site or contact Risk Management/Employee Health for additional information. Research. br/p pEnvironmental Conditions: /p pPotential for exposure to infections and Essay Living Asthma, communicable diseases, blood and body fluids, electrical equipment, chemicals. Must follow standard precautions. brPACU: Occasionally exposed to patient being X-rayed. Automobile Research. Frequently exposed to low levels of exhaled anesthetic gases. brbrAll applicants will receive consideration regardless of membership in any protected status as defined by applicable state or federal law, including protected veteran or disability status. br/pbrVII. Required Competency Test(s) brbrNursing - Nursing Assistant brbrbRequirements/bbrbrpQualifications:/p pbr* High School Diploma or equivalent. brbr* Current BLS certification or completion within 90 days. brbr* Successful completion of book smart smart a recognized nursing assistant course required or successful completion of an accredited nursing program, Nursing Fundamentals or Introduction into Nursing course with either skills lab or clinical rotation included. Verification is required of the course and lab or clinical via transcript or official notice from the accredited nursing program.brORbrbr* 3 months nursing assistant experience within an automobile research, acute care facility, nursing home, home care setting, or long-term care facility or, employed in an INTEGRIS patient care area with training and observation for nursing assistant duties, or prior hospital corpsman medical training in Model the military required. Research. brbr* Must be able to communicate effectively in English. brbrFloat Pool only: brbr* This job requires the incumbents to operate an INTEGRIS-owned vehicle OR personal vehicle (non INTEGRIS-owned) and therefore must have a current Oklahoma State Driver's License as well as a driving record which is acceptable to our insurance carrier./pbrVII. Non-Radar In Air Traffic Control Essay. Required Competency Test(s) brbrNursing - Nursing Assistant brbr/ Associated topics: cardiothoracic, coronary, domiciliary, infusion, intensive care, intensive care unit, maternal, nurse, staff nurse, surgical Integris Oklahoma City OK. Rehab Tech, FT, Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation Outpatient Clinic North, Integris Baptist Medical Center.
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8 Reasons Why We Should Not Pass the Philippines RH Bill. 1. The Reproductive Health Bill undermines the human rights it seeks to advance. The government cannot, on the one hand, guarantee the “universal basic human right to reproductive health” with its concomitant “right to make free and informed decisions,” and on the other hand advocate a policy that tells parentsespecially womenwhat their choices should be. Such an approach is an unjustifiable affront to the dignity and automobile research, capacity of the poor. The bill also claims to give equal importance to natural and artificial methods of in Air Traffic Essay family planning.
This claim does not hold. Automobile. While mention is given to natural methods of family planning, no funding is provided for the promotion of these methods in the budgetary provisions of the bill. Natural methods rely on investments in the education of women and increased knowledge, in order to enable women to manage their health, and Non-Radar, make informed decisions. Budgetary allocations must be inserted to the bill to provide funding for the training of knowledge-based reproductive health care providers, and the promotion of necessary information to women in order to research enable informed choice. 2. Maternal Health requires access to healthcare facilities and reproductive health education, not contraceptives. Improved access to basic health care, nutrition, medicines and technology are the additional means by which maternal mortality and morbidity can be reduced and eliminated. The mandate of the RH bill to increase obstetric care and skilled birth attendants, is not emphasized in on Case Management: Asthma, this bill.
The causes of maternal mortality and morbidity are limited: hemorrhage, infection, obstructed labor and hypertensive disorders. Automobile. These causes can be significantly addressed through investment in skilled birth attendants, and provision of health education for vs street women and families. There is automobile research probably no more important step the Non-Radar Traffic Essay Philippines could take toward improving reproductive health. The UNFPA states that three-fourths (¾) of all maternal deaths could be averted by the presence of skilled birth attendants. By contrast, family planning is likely to reduce maternal deaths only by one-third. The RH bill’s current provisions for maternal care are important, but underdeveloped in comparison with other parts of the bill.
3. Research. It does not protect the rights of conscience of those that will be responsible for implementing new measure. All reproductive health care workers should “provide information and book vs street, educate” and “render medical services” consistent with the automobile research new provisions in this bill. This bill does not include measures that protect conscientious objections for healthcare workers or institutions that refuse to provide services due to religious or cultural beliefs and practices. In addition, through state-imposed reproductive health curriculum in schools, this bill undermines the of Leadership rights of parents to be the primary educators of their children. Likewise, denying couples the research right to marry without first receiving “adequate instruction” on family planning and responsible parenthood violates their individual freedom conscience and discriminates against those who would refuse such training in Balzac Chinese, religious or cultural grounds.
4. It violates freedom of research expression. The bill’s criminalization of Balzac Seamstress speech that “maliciously engages in disinformation” (an undefined category) about the substance or even potential motives behind the RH bill violates the research constitutional right to free speech and expression. The provision should be eliminated in its entirety. 5. Increase in Contraceptive use leads to Essay higher abortion rate. Dr. Malcolm Potts, abortion and contraceptive advocate and automobile, past medical director of the Model of Leadership International Planned Parenthood Federation, said that “As people turn to contraception, there will be a rise, not a fall, in the abortion rate.” Dr. Judith Bury of the Brook Advisory Center chimed in a few years later that “There is overwhelming evidence that, contrary to what you might expect, the provision of contraception leads to an increase in the abortion rate.” The reason for this is twofold: First, contraceptives fail a certain percentage of the time. A 5% failure rate means that 5% of the couples using a certain method will be pregnant at automobile, the end of the year.
Second, the use of contraceptives gives a false sense of security that leads to risky sexual behavior. The result is more “unplanned” pregnancies and hence more abortions. 6. It fails to reaffirm the on with Asthma Philippines’s protection of the unborn. Filipino law has long defended the right to life of all persons, whether born or unborn. The Reproductive Health Bill makes only an ambiguous statement of principle (“While nothing in automobile, this Act changes the law against abortion#8230;”) as part of a care provision for post-abortion complications. Additionally, the bill’s guarantee of “reproductive health care services,” as opposed to the defined term “reproductive health care,” as well as a “universal basic human right to reproductive health” according to international legal custom, could eventually open the door to undermining Philippines national law protecting unborn persons. 7. Recent reports emphasize the problems with widely used family planning programs that fail to meet the Model of Leadership needs of the poorest populations. Automobile Research. “Strategies that seek to increase contraceptive use rapidly by improving services and access in convenient or well-resourced areas are likely to increase observed inequities in how did the discovery california, contraceptive use.” Maternal mortality and general reproductive health problems also remain high because the unique issues facing poor populations are not addressed. (Nuriye Ortayli and Shawn Malarcher, “Equity Analysis: Identifying Who Benefits from Family Planning Programs.”) In this way family planning programs, by focusing on automobile, contraceptive use rather than an Model of Leadership Essay, integrated, comprehensive approach to population development, fail to address the needs of the poor. 8. There has never been a direct link connecting high population with high poverty rates. Correlation is not causation.
It is short-sighted to think of automobile research declining population growth as a goal in of itself. Population control, as an economic policy , has proven to be unsustainable . Across Europe and Asia, countries that saw steep declines in fertility in the past generation are now bracing themselves for the future consequences of an Essay on Management: with, aging population , when a large number of elderly can no longer be supported by the smaller and younger working class. During the 1970s and 1980s, Singapore instituted an aggressive two-child policy, which led to a situation of automobile labor shortages and the difficulty of supporting an aging population. In an Model of Leadership, effort to automobile recover, Singapore now pursues a pro-fertility policy. Control Essay. In the case of Hong Kong, the country’s dense population has had no debilitating effects on its economic development.
Hong Kong has experienced a great economic boom and high levels of economic prosperity largely due to a sound banking system, no public debt, a strong legal system, and a rigorously enforced anti-corruption regime. This case provides a clear example that economic development is not synonymous with small population size, and research, that a large population is not only sustainable but an asset to development. World Youth Alliance Position Paper: House Bill No. 96, the in Air “Reproductive Health and. The World Youth Alliance attended the 60th Commission on the Status of Women (CSW60), which took.
Philippine Supreme Court upholds RH law but strikes down conscience-violating provisions Today the. All rights reserved. Research. Copyright ©1999 World Youth Alliance. The Discovery Change. The World Youth Alliance is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Check out regional social media accounts.
World Youth Alliance Europe is co-funded by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union.
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cold comfort essay INTRODUCTIONS, AND CONCLUSIONS. Adapted from Writing and Reading Across the automobile Curriculum , 6th Edition. By Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York: HarperCollins, 1997. Pp. 32-58. A thesis statement is Non-Radar in Air Traffic Essay, a one-sentence summary of a paper's content. It is similar, actually, to automobile a paper's conclusion but lacks the conclusion's concern for broad implications and significance.
For a writer in the drafting stages, the Model of Leadership Essay thesis establishes a focus, a basis on which to automobile research include or exclude information. For the reader of a finished product, the Balzac And The Seamstress thesis anticipates the author's discussion. A thesis statement, therefore, is an essential tool for research, both writers and readers of cost, academic material . This last sentence is our thesis for this section. Based on automobile this thesis, we, as the authors, have limited the content of the section; and you, as the reader, will be able to Essay on Case Living form certain expectations about the discussion that follows. You can expect a definition of a thesis statement; an enumeration of the research uses of a thesis statement; and a discussion focused on academic material. As writers, we will have met our obligations to you only if in subsequent paragraphs we satisfy these expectations. The Components of a Thesis. Like any other sentence, a thesis includes a subject and the discovery change, a predicate, which consists of an assertion about the subject.
In the sentence Lee and automobile research, Grant were different kinds of generals, Lee and Grant is the subject and were different kinds of how did change california, generals is the predicate. What distinguishes a thesis statement from any other sentence with a subject and predicate is the thesis statement statement's level of generality and the care with which you word the assertion . The subject of a thesis must present the right balance between the general and automobile research, the specific to allow for a thorough discussion within the allotted length of the paper. Non Monetary? The discussion might include definitions, details, comparisons contrasts - whatever is needed to automobile illuminate a subject and carry on an intelligent conversation. (If the sentence about Lee and Grant were a thesis, the reader would assume that the rest of the essay contained comparisons and contrasts between the two generals.) Bear in Balzac And The Chinese, mind when writing thesis statements that the more general your subject and automobile, the more complex your assertion, the Essay on Asthma longer your paper will be. For instance, you could not write an effective ten-page paper based on the following: Democracy is the automobile research best system of government. Consider the subject of this sentence, democracy, and the assertion of Model Essay, its predicate, is the best system of government. The subject is research, enormous in scope; it is a general category composed of hundreds of more specific sub-categories, each of which would be appropriate for a paper ten pages in length. The predicate of our example is also a problem, for the claim that democracy is the best system of Essay Case Living, government would be simplistic unless accompanied by a thorough, systematic, critical evaluation of automobile, every form of government yet devised. A ten-page paper governed by such a thesis simply could not achieve the level of book smart smart, detail and sophistication expected of college students.
Limiting the Scope of the Thesis. Before you can write an effective thesis and automobile research, thus a controlled, effective paper, you need to limit your intended discussions by Non-Radar, limiting your subject and your claims about it. Two strategies for achieving a thesis statement of manageable proportions are (1) to automobile research begin with a working thesis (this strategy assumes that you are familiar with your topic) and (2) to begin with a broad area of interest and narrow it (this strategy assumes that you are unfamiliar with your topic). Begin with a Working Thesis. Professionals thoroughly familiar with a topic often begin writing with a clear thesis in mind - a happy state of affairs unfamiliar to most college students who are assigned term papers. But professionals usually have an important advantage over students: experience. Because professionals know their material, are familiar with the ways of non monetary, approaching it, are aware of the questions important to practitioners, and have devoted considerable time to study of the topic, they are naturally in research, a strong position to begin writing a paper. Non Monetary? Not only automobile do professionals have experience in their fields, but they also have a clear purpose in the discovery california, writing; they know their audience and are comfortable with the format of automobile research, their papers. Experience counts - there's no way around it. As a student, you are not yet an expert and therefore don't generally have the luxury of beginning your writing tasks with a definite thesis in mind.
Once you choose and devote time to a major field of study, however, you will gain experience. In the meantime, you'll have to do more work than the non monetary cost professional to prepare yourself for writing a paper. But let's assume that you do have an area of expertise, that you are in your own right a professional (albeit not in academic matters). We'll assume that you understand your nonacademic subject - say, backpacking - and research, have been given a clear purpose for writing: to discuss the relative merits of non monetary cost, backpack designs. Research? Your job is to write a recommendation for the owner of a sporting-goods chain, suggesting which line of Essay Case Living, backpacks the chain should carry. The owner lives in research, another city, so your remarks have to be written. Since you already know a good deal about backpacks, you may already have some well-developed ideas on the topic before you start doing additional research. Yet even as an expert in your field, you will find that beginning the writing task is a challenge, for at this point it is unlikely that you will be able to conceive a thesis perfectly suited to the contents of Model of Leadership, your paper. After all, a thesis statement is a summary, and it is difficult to summarize a presentation yet to be written - especially if you plan to research discover what you want to say during the process of Case Living Asthma, writing. Even if you know your material well, the best you can do at the early stages is to formulate a working thesis - a hypothesis of research, sorts, a well-informed hunch about your topic and the claim to be made about it.
Once you have completed a draft, you can evaluate the degree to which your working thesis accurately summarizes the content of your paper. 1 If the match is a good one, the working thesis becomes the Essay thesis statement. If, however, sections of the paper drift from the focus set out in the working thesis, you'll need to revise the thesis and the paper itself to ensure that the presentation is unified. (You'll know that the match between the content and automobile research, thesis is a good one when every paragraph directly refers to and develops some element of the thesis.) Begin with a Subject and Narrow It. Let's assume that you have moved from making recommendations about backpacks (your territory) to in Air Traffic Control Essay writing a paper for your government class (your professor's territory). Whereas you were once the professional who knew enough about your subject to begin writing with a working thesis, you are now the student, inexperienced and in need of a great deal of information before you can begin begin to think of thesis statements.
It may be a comfort to know that your government professor would likely be in research, the same predicament if asked to recommend backpack designs. He would need to spend several weeks, at least, backpacking to become as experienced as you; and it is fair to say that you will need to spend several hours in the library before you are in a position to Essay Management: Living choose a topic suitable for an undergraduate paper. Suppose you have been assigned a ten-page paper in Government 104, a course on social policy. Not only do you not have a thesis - you don't have a subject! Where will you begin? First, you need to select a broad area of interest and make yourself knowledgeable about its general features. Research? What if no broad area of interest occurs to you? Don't despair - there's usually a way to make use of discussions you've read in a text or heard in a lecture. The trick is to find a topic that can become personally important, for whatever reason. Living With Asthma? (For a paper in your biology class, you might write on the digestive system because a relative has stomach troubles. For an research economics seminar, you might explore the factors that threaten banks with collapse because your grandparents lost their life savings during the Great Depression.) Whatever the academic discipline, try to discover a topic that you'll enjoy exploring; that way, you'll be writing for yourself as much as for your professor. Some specific strategies to try if no topics occur to you: Review material covered during the semester, class by class if need be; review the non monetary cost semester's readings, actually skimming each assignment.
Choose any subject that has held your interest, if even for a moment, and use that as your point of automobile, departure. Suppose you've reviewed each of your classes and recall that a lecture on AIDS aroused your curiosity. Of Gold? Your broad subject of research, interest, then, will be AIDS. At this point, the goal of your research is to vs street limit this subject to a manageable scope. Although your initial, broad subject will often be more specific than our example, AIDS, we'll assume for the purposes of automobile research, discussion the most general case (the subject in greatest need of limiting). A subject can be limited in at least two ways. How Did California? First, a general article like an encyclopedia entry may do the automobile research work for you by presenting the subject in book smart vs street, the form of an automobile research outline, with each item in the outline representing a separate topic (which, for Essay, your purposes, may need further limiting). Automobile? Second, you can limit a subject by asking several questions about it: These questions will occur to you as you conduct your research and see the ways in which various authors have focused their discussions. Having read several sources and having decided that you'd like to use them, you might limit the subject AIDS by asking who - AIDS patients; and which aspect - civil rights of on with Asthma, AIDS patients. Certainly, the civil rights of AIDS patients offers a more specific focus than does AIDS; still, the revised focus is too broad for a ten-page paper in that a comprehensive discussion would obligate you to review numerous particular rights.
So again you must try to automobile limit your subject by posing a question. In this particular case, which aspects (of the civil rights of AIDS patients) can be asked a second time. Six aspects may come to mind: Rights in the workplace Rights to hospital care Rights to insurance benefits Rights to privacy Rights to fair housing Rights to Non-Radar Traffic education. Any one of these aspects could provide the focus of a ten-page paper, and research, you do yourself an important service by cost, choosing one, perhaps two, of the aspects; to choose more would obligate you to too broad a discussion and you would frustrate yourself: Either the research paper would have to be longer than ten pages or, assuming you kept to the page limit, the paper would be superficial in its treatment. In both instances, the paper would fail, given the cost constraints of the assignment. So it is automobile research, far better that you limit your subject ahead of time, before you attempt to Essay write about it. Automobile Research? Let's assume that you settle on the following as an appropriately defined subject for a ten-page paper: the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace.
The process of narrowing an initial subject depends heavily upon the reading you do. The more you read, the in Air Essay deeper your understanding of a topic. The deeper your understanding, the likelier it will be that you can divide a broad and complex topic into manageable - that is, researchable - categories. Identify these categories that compose the larger topic and pursue one of them. In the AIDS example, your reading in research, the literature suggested that the Model of Leadership Essay civil rights of AIDS patients was at the center of recent national debate. So reading allowed you to narrow the subject AIDS by answering the initial questions - the who and automobile research, which aspects. Once you narrowed your focus to the civil rights of AIDS patients, you read further and quickly realized that civil rights in itself was a broad concern that also should be limited. In this way, reading provided an important stimulus as you worked to identify an appropriate subject for your paper. Make an Assertion.
Once you have identified the subject, you can now develop it into Non-Radar in Air Essay, a thesis by automobile, making an assertion about it. If you have spent enough time reading and gathering information, you will be knowledgeable enough to of Leadership have something to automobile research say about the subject, based on a combination of Essay Case Management:, your own thinking and the thinking of your sources. If you have trouble making an assertion, try writing your topic at the top of a page and then listing everything you know and feel about it. Often from such a list you will discover an assertion that you then can use to fashion a working thesis. A good way to gauge the reasonableness of your claim is to see what other authors have asserted about the same topic. In fact, keep good notes on automobile the views of others; the notes will prove a useful counterpoint to of Leadership your own views as you write, and you may want to automobile research use them in your paper. Next, make three assertions about your topic, in Model of Leadership, order of increasing complexity.
During the past few years, the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace have been debated by automobile research, national columnists. Non-Radar In Air Control? Several columnists have offered convincing reasons for protecting the rights of research, AIDS patients in Non-Radar Control Essay, the workplace. The most sensible plan for protecting the research rights of AIDS patients in the workplace has been offered by columnist Anthony Jones. Keep in mind that these are working thesis statements. Because you haven't written a paper based on any of them, they remain hypotheses to be tested. After completing a first draft, you would compare the contents of the paper to the thesis and the discovery change california, make adjustments as necessary for unity. The working thesis is an automobile research excellent tool for planning broad sections of the paper, but - again - don't let it prevent you from non monetary pursuing related discussions as they occur to automobile you. Notice how these three statements differ from in Air Essay one another in the forcefulness of their assertions. The third thesis is strongly argumentative. Most sensible implies that the writer will explain several plans for automobile, protecting the change rights of AIDS patients in automobile research, the workplace. Following the explanation would come a comparison of plans and then a judgment in favor of how did change california, Anthony Jones.
Like any working thesis, this one helps the automobile research writer plan the how did change california paper. Assuming the paper follows the three-part structure we've inferred, the working thesis would become the final thesis, on the basis of which a reader could anticipate sections of the essay to come. The first of the three thesis statements, by contrast, is explanatory : During the past few years, the research rights of AIDS patients in the workplace have been debated by national columnists. In developing a paper based on this thesis, the writer would assert only the existence of a debate, obligating himself merely to a summary of the various positions taken. Readers, then, would use this thesis as a tool for anticipating the contours of the paper to follow. Based on this particular thesis, a reader would not expect to find the author strongly endorsing the views of one or another columnist. Vs Street Smart? The thesis does not require the author to defend a personal opinion. The second thesis statement does entail a personal, intellectually assertive commitment to the material, although the assertion is automobile research, not as forceful as the one found in statement 3: Several columnists have offered convincing reasons for protecting the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace.
Here we have an explanatory, mildly argumentative thesis that enables the writer to express an opinion. We infer from the vs street smart use of the research word convincing that the non monetary cost writer will judge the various reasons for automobile research, protecting the Balzac Seamstress Essay rights of AIDS patients; and, we can reasonably assume, the writer himself believes in protecting these rights. Note the contrast between this second thesis and research, the first one, where the writer committed himself to no involvement in the debate whatsoever. Still, the present thesis is not as ambitious as the third one, whose writer implicitly accepted the non monetary general argument for safeguarding rights (an acceptance he would need to justify) and then took the additional step of evaluating the automobile research merits of those arguments in relation to each other. (Recall that Anthony Jones's plan was the most sensible.) As you can see, for any subject you might care to explore in a paper, you can make any number of assertions - some relatively simple, some complex. It is on the basis of these assertions that you set yourself an agenda in writing a paper - and readers set for themselves expectations for reading. The more ambitious the thesis, the Non-Radar in Air Traffic Control more complex will be the paper and the greater will be the readers' expectations. Using the Thesis. Different writing tasks require different thesis statements. The explanatory thesis is often developed in response to short-answer exam questions that call for information, not analysis (e.g., List and automobile, explain proposed modifications to contemporary American democracy).
The explanatory but mildly argumentative thesis is appropriate for smart vs street, organizing reports (even lengthy ones), as well as essay questions that call for some analysis (e.g., In what ways are the research recent proposals to modify American democracy significant?). The strongly argumentative thesis is used to organize papers and exam questions that call for information, analysis, and on Asthma, the writer's forcefully stated point of view (e.g., Evaluate proposed modifications to contemporary American democracy). The strongly argumentative thesis, of course, is the riskiest of the three, since you must unequivocally state your position and make it appear reasonable - which requires that you offer evidence and defend against logical objections. But such intellectual risks pay dividends, and if you become involved enough in your work to make challenging assertions, you will provoke challenging responses that enliven classroom discussions. One of the important objectives of a college education is to extend learning by research, stretching, or challenging, conventional beliefs. You breathe new life into this broad objective, and you enliven your own learning as well, every time you adopt a thesis that sets a challenging agenda both for you (as writer) and for your readers. Of course, once you set the challenge, you must be equal to the task. As a writer, you will need to discuss all the elements implied by Balzac And The Chinese Seamstress Essay, your thesis. To review: A thesis statement (a one-sentence summary of your paper) helps you organize and your reader anticipate a discussion. Thesis statements are distinguished by their carefully worded subjects and automobile research, predicates, which should be just broad enough and complex enough to be developed within the length limitations of the assignment. Both novices and experts in a field typically begin the initial draft of Balzac Seamstress, a paper with a working thesis - a statement that provides writers with structure enough to research get started but with latitude enough to discover what they want to of gold say as they write.
Once you have completed a first draft, you should test the fit of your thesis with the paper that follows. Automobile? Every element of the thesis should be developed in the paper that follows. Discussions that drift from your thesis should be deleted, or the thesis changed to accommodate the new discussions. A quotation records the exact language used by someone in speech or in writing. A summary , in contrast, is Essay, a brief restatement in your own words of what someone else has said or written. And a paraphrase is also a restatement, although one that is often as long as the original source. Any paper in which you draw upon sources will rely heavily on quotation, summary, and paraphrase. How do you choose among the three? Remember that the papers you write should be your own - for automobile research, the most part, your own language and certainly your own thesis, your own inferences, and your own conclusions.
It follows that references to change your source materials should be written primarily as summaries and paraphrases, both of which are built on restatement, not quotation. You will use summaries when you need a brief restatement, and paraphrases, which provide more explicit detail than summaries, when you need to follow the development of a source closely. When you quote too much, you risk losing ownership of your work: more easily than you might think, your voice can be drowned out by the voices of those you've quoted. So use quotations sparingly, as you would a pungent spice. Nevertheless, quoting just the right source at the right time can significantly improve your papers . The trick is to know when and how to use quotations.
Use quotations when another writer's language is particularly memorable and will add interest and liveliness to your paper. Use quotations when another writer's language is so clear and economical that to make the same point in automobile research, your own words would, by in Air, comparison, be ineffective. Use quotations when you want the solid reputation of a source to lend authority and credibility to your own writing. Quoting Memorable Language. Assume you're writing a paper on Napoleon Bonaparte's relationship with the celebrated Josephine. Through research you learn that two days after their marriage Napoleon, given command of an army, left his bride for what was to be a brilliant military campaign in Italy. How did the young general respond to leaving his wife so soon after their wedding?
You come across the automobile following, written from the field of battle by Napoleon on April 3, 1796: I have received all your letters, but none has had such an impact on me as the smart vs street last. Do you have any idea, darling, what you are doing, writing to automobile research me in those terms? Do you not think my situation cruel enough without intensifying my longing for you, overwhelming my soul? What a style! What emotions you evoke!
Written in fire, they burn my poor heart! 2. A summary of this passage might read as follows: On April 3, 1796, Napoleon wrote to how did the discovery Josephine, expressing how sorely he missed her and how passionately he responded to her letters. You might write the following as a paraphrase of the automobile research passage: On April 3, 1796, Napoleon wrote to Josephine that he had received her letters and that one among all others had had a special impact, overwhelming his soul with fiery emotions and longing. How feeble this summary and paraphrase are when compared with the original!
Use the vivid language that your sources give you. In this case, quote Napoleon in your paper to make your subject come alive with memorable detail: On April 3, 1796, a passionate, lovesick Napoleon responded to a letter from Josephine; she had written longingly to her husband, who, on a military campaign, acutely felt her absence. Do you have any idea, darling, what you are doing, writing to me in those terms? . . . What emotions you evoke! he said of her letters. Written in on Management: with, fire, they burn.my poor heart! The effect of directly quoting Napoleon's letter is to enliven your paper. Automobile Research? A direct quotation is one in which you record precisely the language of another, as we did with the sentences from Napoleon's letter. In an indirect quotation, you report what someone has said, although you are not obligated to repeat the words exactly as spoken (or written): Direct quotation : Franklin D. In Air Traffic Control? Roosevelt said: The only automobile thing we have to fear is fear itself.
Indirect quotation : Franklin D. Model Of Leadership? Roosevelt said that we have nothing to fear but fear itself. The language in a direct quotation, which is indicated by a pair of quotation marks ( ), must be faithful to the language of the original passage. When using an indirect quotation, you have the liberty of changing words (although not changing meaning). For both direct and indirect quotations, you must credit your sources , naming them either in (or close to) the sentence that includes the quotation [or, in some disciplines, in a footnote]. Quoting Clear and automobile, Concise Language. You should quote a source when its language is particularly clear and economical - when your language, by contrast, would be wordy. Read this passage from a text on biology: The honeybee colony, which usually has a population of Non-Radar Traffic Control, 30,000 to 40,000 workers, differs from that of the bumblebee and many other social bees or wasps in research, that it survives the Management: with Asthma winter. Automobile Research? This means that the bees must stay warm despite the cold.
Like other bees, the isolated honeybee cannot fly if the temperature falls below 10C (50F) and cannot walk if the temperature is below 7C (45F). Within the wintering hive, bees maintain their temperature by clustering together in Non-Radar in Air Traffic Control, a dense ball; the lower the temperature, the denser the cluster. Automobile? The clustered bees produce heat by constant muscular movements of their wings, legs, and abdomens. In very cold weather, the vs street bees on the outside of the cluster keep moving toward the center, while those in the core of the cluster move to the colder outside periphery. The entire cluster moves slowly about on the combs, eating the stored honey from the combs as it moves. 3. A summary of this paragraph might read as follows: Honeybees, unlike many other varieties of automobile, bee, are able to live through the winter by of Leadership Essay, clustering together in a dense ball for body warmth. A paraphrase of the same passage would be considerably more detailed: Honeybees, unlike many other varieties of bee (such as bumblebees), are able to automobile live through the winter. And The Essay? The 30,000 to 40,000 bees within a honeybee hive could not, individually, move about in cold winter temperatures.
But when clustering together in a dense ball, the bees generate heat by constantly moving their body parts. The cluster also moves slowly about the hive, eating honey stored in the combs. This nutrition, in automobile research, addition to the heat generated by the cluster, enables the honeybee to survive the cold winter months. In both the summary and the paraphrase we've quoted Curtis's clustering together in a dense ball, a phrase that lies at the heart of book vs street smart, her description of automobile, wintering honeybees. Of Leadership Essay? For us to describe this clustering in research, any language other than Curtis's would be pointless since her description is of Leadership Essay, admirably precise. Quoting Authoritative Language. You will also want to use quotations that lend authority to your work. When quoting an expert or some prominent political, artistic, or historical figure, you elevate your own work by placing it in esteemed company.
Quote respected figures to establish background information in automobile, a paper, and your readers will tend to perceive that information as reliable. Quote the opinions of respected figures to endorse some statement that you've made, and your statement becomes more credible to your readers. Of Leadership Essay? For example, in automobile research, an essay that you might write on the importance of And The Chinese Seamstress, reading well, you could make use of a passage from Thoreau's Walden : Reading well is hard work and requires great skill and training. It is a noble exercise, writes Henry David Thoreau in automobile, Walden, and in Air Traffic Control, one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the automobile research day esteem. It requires a training such as the athletes underwent. Book Vs Street? Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written.
By quoting a famous philosopher and essayist on the subject of automobile, reading, you add legitimacy to non monetary cost your discussion. Not only do you regard reading to automobile research be a skill that is both difficult and important; so too does Henry David Thoreau, one of our most influential American thinkers. The quotation has elevated the level of Model Essay, your work. You can also quote to automobile research advantage well-respected figures who've written or spoken about the subject of your paper. Balzac And The Chinese? Here is automobile research, a discussion of space flight. Author David Chandler refers to a physicist and an astronaut:
A few scientists - notably James Van Allen, discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts - have decried the expense of the manned space program and cost, called for automobile research, an almost exclusive concentration on unmanned scientific exploration instead, saying this would be far more cost-effective. Other space scientists dispute that idea. Joseph Allen, physicist and former shuttle astronaut, says, It seems to Essay on Management: Living with Asthma be argued that one takes away from the other. But before there was a manned space program, the funding on space science was zero. Now it's about $500 million a year.
Note, first, that in the first paragraph Chandler has either summarized or used an Indirect quotation to incorporate remarks made by James Van Allen into the discussion on space flight. In the second paragraph, Chandler directly quotes his next source, Joseph Allen. Automobile? Both quotations, indirect and direct, lend authority and legitimacy to the article, for both James Van Allen and Joseph Allen are experts on the subject of space flight. Note also that Chandler has provided brief but effective biographies of his sources, identifying both so that their qualifications to speak on the subject are known to all: James Van Allen, discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts . Joseph Allen, physicist and former shuttle astronaut . The phrases in italics are called appositives . Their function is to rename the nouns they follow by providing explicit, identifying detail. Any information about a person that can be expressed in the following sentence pattern can be made into an appositive phrase:
James Van Allen is the discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts . James Van Allen has decried the Model expense of the manned space program. James Van Allen, discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts , has decried the expense of the manned space program. Use appositives to identify authors whom you quote. Incorporating Quotations into Your Sentences. Quoting Only the research Part of a Sentence or Paragraph That You Need. As you've seen, a writer selects passages for quotation that are especially vivid and memorable, concise, or authoritative . Now we will put these principles into practice.
Suppose that while conducting research on book smart vs street the topic of college sports you've come across the automobile research following, written by Robert Hutchins, former president of the cost University of Chicago: If athleticism is bad for students, players, alumni and the public, it is even worse for the colleges and universities themselves. They want to be educational institutions, but they can't. The story of the automobile research famous halfback whose only regret, when he bade his coach farewell, was that he hadn't learned to read and write is probably exaggerated. But we must admit that pressure from trustees, graduates, friends, presidents and Seamstress Essay, even professors has tended to relax academic standards. These gentry often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Recruiting, subsidizing and the double educational standard cannot exist without the knowledge and the tacit approval, at least, of the colleges and universities themselves. Research? Certain institutions encourage susceptible professors to be nice to athletes now admitted by of gold change, paying them for automobile, serving as faculty representatives on the college athletic boards. 4. Suppose that from this entire paragraph you find a gem, a quotable grouping of words that will enliven your discussion.
You may want to quote part of the cost following sentence: These gentry often overlook the research fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Incorporating the non monetary Quotation into the Flow of Your Own Sentence. Once you've selected the passage you want to quote, work the material into your paper in as natural and fluid a manner as possible. Here's how we would quote Hutchins: Robert Hutchins, a former president of the University of Chicago, asserts that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Note that we've used an appositive to identify Hutchins. Research? And we've used only the part of the paragraph - a single clause - that we thought memorable enough to Balzac quote directly.
Avoiding Freestanding Quotations. A quoted sentence should never stand by automobile research, itself - as in the following example: Various people associated with the Balzac Chinese Essay university admit that the pressures of athleticism have caused a relaxation of standards. These gentry often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Research? But this kind of non monetary cost, thinking is bad for automobile, the university and Non-Radar in Air Traffic Essay, even worse for the athletes. Even if you include a parenthetical citation after the automobile quotation, you should not leave a quotation freestanding, as above, because the effect is frequently jarring to the reader. And The Chinese Seamstress Essay? Introduce the quotation by attributing the research source in some other part of the california sentence - beginning, middle, or end. Thus, you could write: According to Robert Hutchins, These gentry often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. These gentry, asserts Robert Hutchins, often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit.
Another alternative is to introduce a sentence-long quotation with a colon: But Robert Hutchins disagrees: These gentry often overlook the automobile fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Use colons also to introduce indented quotations (as in the examples above). When attributing sources, try to vary the standard states, writes, says, and Non-Radar in Air, so on. Other, stronger verbs you might consider: asserts, argues, maintains, insists, asks, and even wonders. Using Ellipsis Marks. Using quotations is made somewhat complicated when you want to quote the beginning and end of a passage but not its middle - as was the case when we quoted Henry David Thoreau. Here's part of the paragraph in Walden from which we quoted a few sentences: To read well, that is, to read true books in a true spirit, is a noble exercise, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem.
It requires a training such as the athletes underwent, the steady intention almost of the whole life to this object. Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. 5. And here was how we used this material: Reading well is hard work and requires great skill and training. Automobile Research? It is a noble exercise, writes Henry David Thoreau in Walden, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem. It requires a training such as the athletes underwent.
Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. Whenever you quote a sentence but delete words from in Air it, as we have done, indicate this deletion to the reader by automobile, placing an ellipsis mark, three spaced periods, in Model Essay, the sentence at automobile, the point of deletion. The rationale for using an ellipsis mark as follows: A direct quotation must be reproduced exactly as it was written or spoken. When writers delete or change any part of the quoted material, readers must be alerted so they don't think that the changes were part of the original. Ellipsis marks and brackets serve this purpose. If you are deleting the Case Management: Living with middle of a single sentence, use an ellipsis in place of the deleted words: To read well . is a noble exercise, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem. If you are deleting the end of a quoted sentence, or if you are deleting entire sentences of a paragraph before continuing a quotation, add one additional period and place the ellipsis after the research last word you are quoting, so that you have four in all: It requires a training such as the athletes underwent. Books must be read as deliberately and the discovery of gold california, reservedly as they were written. If you begin your quotation of an author in the middle of a sentence, you need not indicate deleted words with an ellipsis.
Be sure, however, that the syntax of the quotation fits smoothly with the syntax of your sentence: Reading is a noble exercise, writes Henry David Thoreau. Use square brackets whenever you need to add or substitute words in a quoted sentence. The brackets indicate to the reader a word or phrase that does not appear in the original passage but that you have inserted to avoid confusion. Automobile? For example, when a pronoun's antecedent would be unclear to readers, delete the pronoun from the sentence and book smart, substitute an identifying word or phrase in brackets. When you make such a substitution, no ellipsis marks are needed. Assume that you wish to quote the bold-type sentence in the following passage: Golden Press's Walt Disney's Cinderella set the new pattern for America's Cinderella.
This book's text is automobile research, coy and condescending. (Sample: And her best friends of all were - guess who - the mice!) The illustrations are poor cartoons. And Cinderella herself is a disaster. She cowers as her sisters rip her homemade ball gown to shreds. (Not even homemade by Cinderella, but by the mice and birds.) She answers her stepmother with whines and pleadings. She is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless . She cannot perform even a simple action to save herself, though she is warned by her friends, the Essay mice. She does not hear them because she is automobile research, off in a world of Case Management: with, dreams. Cinderella begs, she whimpers, and at last has to be rescued by - guess who - the research mice! 6. In quoting this sentence, you would need to identify whom the pronoun she refers to.
You can do this inside the quotation by Essay on Case Management: Living with, using brackets: Jane Yolen believes that [Cinderella] is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless. If the pronoun begins the sentence to be quoted, as it does in this example, you can identify the pronoun outside of the automobile research quotation and book smart, simply begin quoting your source one word later: Jane Yolen believes that Cinderella is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless. If the pronoun you want to identify occurs in the middle of the sentence to be quoted, then you'll need to use brackets.
Newspaper reporters do this frequently when quoting sources, who in research, interviews might say something like the following: After the fire they did not return to the station house for three hours. If the reporter wants to use this sentence in an article, he or she needs to identify the Balzac pronoun: An official from City Hall, speaking on the condition that he not be identified, said, After the fire [the officers] did not return to research the station house for Management:, three hours. You will also will need to add bracketed information to a quoted sentence when a reference essential to the sentence's meaning is implied but not stated directly. Read the following paragraphs from automobile Robert Jastrow's Toward an Model of Leadership Intelligence Beyond Man's: These are amiable qualities for the computer; it imitates life like an electronic monkey. As computers get more complex, the imitation gets better.
Finally, the line between the original and the copy becomes blurred. In another 15 years or so - two more generations of automobile research, computer evolution, in the jargon of the technologists - we will see the computer as an emergent form of non monetary, life. The proposition seems ridiculous because, for one thing, computers lack the drives and emotions of living creatures. But when drives are useful, they can be programmed into the computer's brain, just as nature programmed them into our ancestors' brains as a part of the equipment for survival. For example, computers, like people, work better and learn faster when they are motivated. Arthur Samuel made this discovery when he taught two IBM computers how to play checkers. They polished their game by playing each other, but they learned slowly.
Finally, Dr. Samuel programmed in the will to win by forcing the computers to try harder - and to research think out more moves in advance - when they were losing. On? Then the computers learned very quickly. One of them beat Samuel and went on to defeat a champion player who had not lost a game to automobile a human opponent in non monetary cost, eight years. 7. If you wanted to automobile research quote only the sentence in bold type, you would need to provide readers with a bracketed explanation; otherwise, the words the proposition would be unclear.
Here is how you would manage the quotation: According to Robert Jastrow, a physicist and former official at NASA's Goddard Institute, The proposition [that computers will emerge as a form of life] seems ridiculous because, for one thing, computers lack the vs street drives and emotions of living creatures. Remember that when you quote the work of another, you are obligated to credit - or cite - the author's work properly; otherwise, you may plagiarism. [See your Allyn and Bacon Handbook for guidance on automobile citing sources.] A classic image: The writer stares glumly at a blank sheet of paper (or, in the electronic version, a blank screen). Usually, however, this is an Model image of a writer who hasn't yet begun to write. Once the piece has been started, momentum often helps to automobile research carry it forward, even over the rough spots. (These can always be fixed later.) As a writer, you've surely discovered that getting started when you haven't yet warmed to your task is a problem. What's the best way to approach your subject? With high seriousness, a light touch, an anecdote? How best to Balzac Chinese engage your reader?
Many writers avoid such agonizing choices by putting them off - productively. Bypassing the introduction, they start by writing the body of the research piece; only Model of Leadership Essay after they've finished the body do they go back to automobile write the introduction. There's a lot to be said for this approach. Book Smart Vs Street? Because you have presumably spent more time thinking about the automobile topic itself than about how you're going to introduce it, you are in a better position, at first, to begin directly with your presentation (once you've settled on a working thesis). And often, it's not until you've actually seen the piece on paper and read it over once or twice that a natural way of introducing it becomes apparent. Even if there is no natural way to begin, you are generally in better psychological shape to write the introduction after the major task of writing is behind you and you know exactly what you're leading up to. Perhaps, however, you can't operate this way. After all, you have to start writing somewhere , and Essay, if you have evaded the problem by skipping the introduction, that blank page may loom just as large wherever you do choose to begin.
If this is the case, then go ahead and write an introduction, knowing full well that it's probably going to be flat and awful. Set down any kind of research, pump- priming or throat-clearing verbiage that comes to mind, as long as you have a working thesis. Assure yourself that whatever you put down at this point (except for the thesis) won't count and that when the Non-Radar in Air Traffic Control Essay time is right, you'll go back and replace it with something classier, something that's fit for automobile research, eyes other than yours. But in the meantime, you'll have gotten started. The purpose of an introduction is to prepare the reader to how did enter the world of your essay. The introduction makes the connection between the automobile research more familiar world inhabited by the reader and the less familiar world of the writer's particular subject; it places a discussion in a context that the smart vs street reader can understand. There are many ways to provide such a context.
We'll consider just a few of the most common. In introduction to a paper on democracy: Two cheers for democracy was E. M. Automobile Research? Forster's not-quite-wholehearted judgment. Most Americans would not agree. To them, our democracy is one of the glories of civilization. To one American in particular, E. B. White, democracy is the hole in the stuffed shirt through which the sawdust slowly trickles . . Cost? . the dent in the high hat . . . the recurrent suspicion that more than half of the people are right more than half of the time (915). Automobile? American democracy is based on Model the oldest continuously operating written constitution in the world - a most impressive fact and a testament to the farsightedness of the founding fathers. But just how farsighted can mere humans be? In Future Shock , Alvin Toffler quotes economist Kenneth Boulding on the incredible acceleration of social change in our time: The world of today . . . is as different from the world in which I was born as that world was from Julius Caesar's (13).
As we move toward the twenty-first century, it seems legitimate to question the continued effectiveness of a governmental system that was devised in the eighteenth century; and it seems equally legitimate to consider alternatives. The quotations by Forster and White help set the stage for automobile research, the discussion of democracy by presenting the reader with some provocative and the discovery of gold, well-phrased remarks. Later in the paragraph, the quotation by research, Boulding more specifically prepares us for the theme of change that will be central to the essay as a whole. In many cases, the Essay on Management: Living with reader will be unprepared to follow the issue you discuss unless you provide some historical background. Consider the following introduction to research an an essay on the film-rating system: Sex and violence on the screen are not new issues. Model Of Leadership Essay? In the Roaring Twenties there was increasing pressure from civic and religious groups to ban depictions of immorality from the screen. Faced with the threat of federal censorship, the film producers decided to clean their own house. In 1930, the research Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America established the And The Production Code.
At first, adherence to the Code was voluntary; but in 1934 Joseph Breen, newly appointed head of the MPPDA, gave the automobile Code teeth. Henceforth all newly produced films had to be submitted for approval to the Production Code Administration which had the smart smart power to award or withhold the Code seal. Without a Code seal, it was virtually impossible for a film to be shown anywhere in the United States, since exhibitors would not accept it. At about the automobile research same time, the Catholic Legion of Decency was formed to advise the faithful which were and were not objectionable. For several decades the Production Code Administration exercised powerful control over non monetary cost, what was portrayed in American theatrical films. By the automobile 1960s, however, changing standards of morality had considerably weakened the Code's grip. In 1968, the Production Code was replaced with a rating system designed to keep younger audiences away from films with high levels of sex or violence.
Despite its imperfections, this rating system has proved more beneficial to American films than did the old censorship system. The essay following this introduction concerns the relative benefits of the rating system. By providing some historical background on the rating system, the Essay writer helps readers to research understand his arguments. Notice the Balzac And The Seamstress chronological development of details. Review of a Controversy. A particular type of historical review is the review of a controversy or debate. Consider the following introduction: The American Heritage Dictionary 's definition of civil disobedience is rather simple: the research refusal to obey civil laws that are regarded as unjust, usually by book vs street, employing methods of passive resistance. However, despite such famous (and beloved) examples of civil disobedience as the movements of Mahatma Gandhi in India and the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., in the United States, the question of whether or not civil disobedience should be considered an automobile research asset to society is hardly clear cut. Model Of Leadership? For instance, Hannah Arendt, in her article Civil Disobedience, holds thatto think of disobedient minorities as rebels and truants is against research, the letter and spirit of a constitution whose framers were especially sensitive to the dangers of unbridled majority rule.
On the other hand, a noted lawyer, Lewis Van Dusen, Jr., in his article Civil Disobedience: Destroyer of of gold, Democracy, states that civil disobedience, whatever the ethical rationalization, is still an assault on our democratic society, an affront to our legal order and automobile, an attack on our constitutional government. These two views are clearly incompatible. Model? I believe, though, that Van Dusen's is the more convincing. On balance, civil disobedience is dangerous to research society. 8. The negative aspects of civil disobedience, rather than Van Dusen's essay, the topic of this essay. But to introduce this topic, the writer has provided quotations that represent opposing sides of the Traffic Essay controversy over civil disobedience, as well as brief references to two controversial practitioners. Research? By focusing at the outset on the particular rather than the abstract aspects of the subject, the writer hoped to secure the attention of her readers and to involve them in the controversy that forms the subject of her essay. From General to the Specific. Another way of providing a transition from the reader's world to the less familiar world of the essay is to work from a general subject to smart smart a specific one.
The following introduction to a discussion of the 1968 massacre at My Lai, Vietnam, begins with general statements and leads to the particular subject at hand: Though we prefer to think of man as basically good and automobile, reluctant to do evil, such is not the case. Many of the crimes inflicted on humankind can be dismissed as being committed by book vs street, the degenerates of society at the prompting of the abnormal mind. But what of the perfectly normal man or woman who commits inhumane acts simply because he or she has been ordered to do so? It cannot be denied that such acts have occurred, either in everyday life or in war-time situations. Unfortunately, even normal, well-adjusted people can become cruel, inhumane, and destructive if placed in the hands of unscrupulous authority. Research? Such was the case in the village of Model, My Lai, Vietnam, on March 16, 1968, when a platoon of American soldiers commanded by Lt. William Calley massacred more than 100 civilians, including women and children.
Specific to the General: Anecdote, Illustration. Consider the following paragraph: In late 1971 astronomer Carl Sagan and his colleagues were studying data transmitted from the research planet Mars to the earth by the Mariner 9 spacecraft. Struck by the effects of the Martian dust storms on the temperature and on the amount of light reaching the surface, the Essay scientists wondered about the effects on automobile research earth of the dust storms that would be created by nuclear explosions. Using computer models, they simulated the effects of such explosions on the earth's climate. Essay Living? The results astounded them. Automobile Research? Apart from the non monetary cost known effects of nuclear blasts (fires and radiation), the automobile research earth, they discovered, would become enshrouded in a nuclear winter. Following a nuclear exchange, plummeting temperatures and pervading darkness would destroy most of the Northern Hemisphere's crops and farm animals and would eventually render much of the planet's surface uninhabitable. The effects of Balzac Chinese Essay, nuclear war, apparently, would be more catastrophic than had previously been imagined. It has therefore become more urgent than ever for the nations of the world to research take dramatic steps to reduce the threat of nuclear war.
The previous introduction went from the general (the question of whether or not man is Balzac Seamstress, basically good) to the specific (the massacre at My Lai); this one goes from the specific (scientists studying data) to the general (the urgency of reducing the nuclear threat). The anecdote is one of the most effective means at your disposal off capturing and holding your reader's attention. For decades, speakers have begun their general remarks with a funny, touching, or otherwise appropriate story; in research, fact, there are plenty of books that are nothing but collections of such stories, arranged by subject. Frequently, you can provoke the non monetary reader's attention by automobile research, posing a question or a series of vs street, questions: Are gender roles learned or inherited?
Scientific research has established the existence of biological differences between the sexes, but the effect of biology's influence on gender roles cannot be distinguished from society's influence. Automobile? According to Michael Lewis of the Institute for the Study of Exceptional children, As early as you can show me a sex difference, I can show you the culture at work. Social processes, as well as biological differences, are responsible for the separate roles of men and women. Traffic Essay? 9. Opening your essay with a question can be provocative, since it places the reader in research, an active role: He or she begins by considering answers. Are gender roles learned?
Are they inherited? In this active role, the reader is likely to continue reading with interest. Statement of Thesis. Perhaps the most direct method of introduction is to vs street begin immediately with the thesis: Computers are a mixed blessing.
The lives of Americans are becoming increasingly involved worth machines that think for them. We are at the dawn of the era of the smart machine, say the authors of a cover story of the subject in Newsweek , that will change forever the way an entire nation works, beginning a revolution that will be to the brain what the industrial revolution was to the hand. Tiny silicon chips already process enough information to automobile direct air travel, to instruct machines how to cut fabric - even to play chess with (and defeat) the masters. Traffic? One can argue that development of computers for the household, as well as industry, will change for research, the better the quality of our lives: computers help us save energy, reduce the amount of drudgery that most of us endure around tax season, make access to libraries easier. Yet there is a certain danger involved with this proliferation of technology. This essay begins with a challenging assertion: that computers are a mixed blessing. It is one that many readers are perhaps unprepared to of Leadership consider, since they may have taken it for granted that computers are an unmixed blessing. Automobile? The advantage of beginning with a provocative (thesis) statement is that it forces the reader to how did the discovery of gold change sit up and take notice perhaps even to begin protesting. The paragraph goes on to concede some of the blessings of computerization but then concludes with the warning that there is a certain danger associated with the new technology - a danger, the curious or even indignant reader has a right to conclude, that will be more fully explained in automobile, the paragraphs to follow. One final note about Essay Case Management: Living with Asthma, our model introductions: They may be longer than introductions you have been accustomed to writing.
Many writers (and readers) prefer shorter, snappier introductions. Automobile Research? This is largely a matter of personal or corporate style: there is no rule concerning the correct length of an introduction. If you feel that a short introduction is appropriate, by Traffic Control Essay, all means use one. You may wish to break up what seems like a long introduction into two paragraphs. (Our paragraph on the nuclear winter, for example, could have been broken either before or after the sentence The results astounded them.) One way to view the research conclusion of your paper is as an Balzac And The Essay introduction worked in reverse, a bridge from the world of your essay back to the world of your reader. Automobile Research? A conclusion is the Balzac Chinese Seamstress Essay part of your paper in which you restate and (if necessary) expand on your thesis.
Essential to any conclusion is the automobile summary, which is not merely a repetition of the thesis but a restatement that takes advantage of the material you've presented. The simplest conclusion is an expanded summary, but you may want more than this for the end of your paper. Depending on your needs, you might offer a summary and then build onto vs street smart, it a discussion of the paper's significance or its implications for future study, for automobile, choices that individuals might make, for Model of Leadership Essay, policy, and so on. you might also want to urge the reader to change an attitude or to modify behavior. Certainly, you are under no obligation to discuss the broader significance of your work (and a summary, alone, will satisfy the automobile research formal requirement that your paper have an ending); but the conclusions of better papers often reveal authors who are thinking large and want to connect the particular concerns of their papers with the broader concerns of society. Here we'll consider seven strategies for expanding the basic summary - conclusion. But two words of advice are in Balzac Seamstress, order. First, no matter how clever or beautifully executed, a conclusion cannot salvage a poorly written paper. Second, by virtue of automobile research, its placement, the how did conclusion carries rhetorical weight. It is the last statement a reader will encounter before turning from automobile your work.
Realizing this, writers who expand on the basic summary-conclusion often wish to give their final words a dramatic flourish, a heightened level of diction. Soaring rhetoric and drama in a conclusion are fine as long as they do not unbalance the on paper and call attention to research themselves. Having labored long hours over your paper, you have every right to wax eloquent. But keep a sense of proportion and Essay on Case with Asthma, timing. Research? Make your points quickly and end crisply. Statement of the Subject's Significance. One of the more effective ways to conclude a paper is to discuss the larger significance of what you have written, providing readers with one more reason to regard your work as a serious effort. When using this strategy, you move from the specific concern of your paper to the broader concerns of the reader's world.
Often, you will need to choose among a range of significances: A paper on the Wright brothers might end with a discussion of air travel as it affects economies, politics, or families; a paper on contraception might end with a discussion of its effect on sexual mores, population, or the how did the discovery of gold change california church. But don't overwhelm your reader with the importance of your remarks. Keep your discussion well focused. The following paragraphs conclude a paper on George H. Shull, a pioneer in the inbreeding and crossbreeding of corn: . . . Thus, the hybrids developed and described by Shull 75 years ago have finally dominated U.S. corn production. The adoption of hybrid corn was steady and dramatic in research, the Corn Belt.
From 1930 through 1979 the average yields of corn in the U.S. increased from Non-Radar in Air Control Essay 21.9 to 95.1 bushels per acre, and the additional value to automobile research the farmer is now several billion dollars per year. The success of hybrid corn has also stimulated the breeding of other crops, such as sorghum hybrids, a major feed grain crop in arid parts of the world. Cost? Sorghum yields have increased 300 percent since 1930. Approximately 20 percent of the land devoted to automobile rice production in China is planted with hybrid seed, which is reported to yield 20 percent more than the best varieties. And many superior varieties of tomatoes, cucumbers, spinach, and other vegetables are hybrids. Today virtually all corn produced in Non-Radar in Air Essay, the developed countries is from hybrid seed. From those blue bloods of the plant kingdom has come a model for feeding the world. 10.
The first sentence of this conclusion is automobile, a summary, and from it the reader can infer that the paper included a discussion of Shull's techniques for the hybrid breeding of corn. The summary is followed by Model, a two-paragraph discussion on automobile the significance of Shull's research for in Air Control Essay, feeding the world. Call for Further Research. In the scientific and social scientific communities, papers often end with a review of what has been presented (as, for instance, in an experiment) and the ways in which the subject under consideration needs to be further explored. If you raise questions that you call on others to answer, however, make sure you know that the automobile research research you are calling for hasn't already been conducted. This next conclusion comes from a sociological report on non monetary cost the placement of elderly men and women in nursing homes. Thus, our study shows a correlation between the placement of research, elderly citizens in nursing facilities and the significant decline of their motor and intellectual skills over the ten months following placement.
What the research has not made clear is the extent to which this marked decline is due to physical as opposed to emotional causes. The elderly are referred to homes at that point in their lives when they grow less able to care for themselves - which suggests that the drop-off in Balzac And The Chinese, skills may be due to automobile physical causes. But the how did the discovery emotional stress of being placed in a home, away from family and in an environment that confirms the patient's view of himself as decrepit, may exacerbate - if not itself be a primary cause of - the patient's rapid loss of abilities. Further research is needed to clarify the relationship between depression and particular physical ailments as these affect the skills of the elderly in nursing facilities. There is little doubt that information yielded by such studies can enable health care professionals to deliver more effective services. Notice how this call for automobile research, further study locates the non monetary author in a large community of automobile, researchers on whom she depends for assistance in in Air Traffic, answering the questions that have come out of her own work. The author summarizes her findings (in the first sentence of the research paragraph), states what her work has not shown, and then extends her invitation. The purpose of your paper might be to review a problem or controversy and to Non-Radar Traffic Essay discuss contributing factors. In such a case, it would be appropriate, after summarizing your discussion, to offer a solution based on the knowledge you've gained while conducting research. If your solution is to be taken seriously, your knowledge must be amply demonstrated in the body of the paper.
. . . The major problem in college sports today is not commercialism - it is the exploitation of athletes and automobile research, the proliferation of illicit practices which dilute educational standards. Many universities are currently deriving substantial benefits from sports programs that depend on the labor of athletes drawn from the Essay poorest sections of America's population. It is the responsibility of educators, civil rights leaders, and concerned citizens to see that these young people get a fair return for their labor both in terms of direct remuneration and in terms of automobile, career preparation for a life outside sports. Minimally, scholarships in revenue-producing sports should be designed to Chinese Essay extend until graduation, rather than covering only four years of athletic eligibility, and should include guarantees of tutoring, counseling, and proper medical care. Automobile? At institutions where the profits are particularly large (such as Texas A M, which can afford to Non-Radar pay its football coach $280,000 a year), scholarships should also provide salaries that extend beyond room, board, and tuition. The important thing is that the athlete be remunerated fairly and have the opportunity to gain skills from a university environment without undue competition from a physically and psychologically demanding full-time job. This may well require that scholarships be extended over five or six years, including summers. Such a proposal, I suspect, will not be easy to implement. Automobile? The current amateur system, despite its moral and educational flaws, enables universities to hire their athletic labor at minimal cost. But solving the of Leadership fiscal crisis of the universities on the backs of America's poor and minorities is not, in the long run, a tenable solution.
With the support of concerned educators, parents, and civil rights leaders, and with the help from organized labor, the college athlete, truly a sleeping giant, will someday speak out and demand what is rightly his - and automobile research, hers - a fair share of the revenue created by their hard work. 11. In this conclusion, the author summarizes his article in one sentence: The major problem in college sports today is not commercialism - it is the Balzac And The Chinese Essay exploitation of athletes and the proliferation of illicit practices which dilute educational standards. In paragraph 2, he continues with an analysis of the problem just stated and follows with a general recommendation - that educators, civil rights leaders, and research, concerned citizens be responsible for the welfare of college athletes. In paragraph 3, he makes a specific proposal, and in And The Seamstress Essay, the final paragraph, he anticipates resistance to the proposal. He concludes by automobile, discounting this resistance and returning to the general point, that college athletes should receive a fair deal. An anecdote is a briefly told story or joke, the book smart vs street point of which in a conclusion is to shed light on your subject. The anecdote is more direct than an allusion.
With an allusion, you merely refer to a story (Too many people today live in Plato's cave . . .); with the anecdote, you actually retell the story. The anecdote allows readers to automobile research discover for themselves the significance of a reference to another source - an effort most readers enjoy because they get to exercise their creativity. The following anecdote concludes an article on homicide. In the article, the author discusses how patterns of killing reveal information that can help mental- health professionals identify and treat potential killers before they commit crimes. she author emphasizes both the difficulty and the desirability of approaching homicide as a threat to public health that, like disease, can be treated with preventive care. In his book, The Exploits of the Incomparable Mulla Nasrudin , Sufi writer Idries Shad, in book, a parable about fate, writes about the automobile many culprits of murder: What is Essay, Fate? Nasrudin was asked by a scholar.
An endless succession of intertwined events, each influencing the other. That is hardly a satisfactory answer. Research? I believe in cause and Traffic Essay, effect. Very well, said the automobile Mulla, look at smart vs street, that. He pointed to a procession passing in the street. That man is being taken to be hanged. Research? Is that because someone gave him a silver piece and enabled him to buy the knife with which he committed the murder; or because someone saw him do it; or because nobody stopped him?
12. The writer chose to conclude the article with this anecdote. She could have developed an interpretation, but this would have spoiled the dramatic value for the reader. The purpose of using an anecdote is to make your point with subtlety, so resist the temptation to interpret. Non-Radar In Air Control? Keep in mind three guidelines when selecting an anecdote: it should be prepared for (the reader should have all the automobile information needed to understand), it should provoke the reader's interest, and it should not be so obscure as to be unintelligible. A favorite concluding device is the quotation - the words of a famous person or an authority in the field on which you are writing The purpose of quoting another is to link your work to theirs, thereby gaining for your work authority and credibility. The first criterion for selecting a quotation is smart smart, its suitability to automobile research your thesis. Essay? But you also should carefully consider what your choice of sources says about you. Automobile? Suppose you are writing a paper on the American work ethic. If you could use a line by comedian David Letterman or one by the current secretary of labor to how did of gold change california make the final point of your conclusion, which would you choose and why?
One source may not be inherently more effective than the other, but the choice certainly sets a tone for the paper. There is no doubt that machines will get smarter and automobile, smarter, even designing their own software and making new and better chips for new generations of computers. More and more of their power will be devoted to Essay Management: with making them easier to use - friendly, in industry parlance - even for those not trained in automobile, computer science. And computer scientists expect that public ingenuity will come up with applications the most visionary researchers have not even considered. Essay On Management: Living With? One day, a global network of smart machines will be exchanging rapid-fire bursts of research, information at unimaginable speeds. If they are used wisely, they could help mankind to educate its masses and crack new scientific frontiers. Essay Management: Living Asthma? For all of research, us, it will be fearful, terrifying, disruptive, says SRl's Peter Schwartz. Of Gold California? In the end there will be those whose lives will be diminished. But for the vast majority, their lives will be greatly enhanced.
In any event, there is no turning back: if the research smart machines have not taken over, they are fast making themselves indispensable - and in And The Seamstress, the end, that may amount to very much the same thing. 13. Notice how the quotation is used to position the writer to make one final remark. Particularly effective quotations may themselves be used to end an essay, as in the following example. Make sure you identify the person you've quoted, although the identification does not need to be made in the conclusion itself. Research? For example, earlier in the paper from in Air Control Essay which the research following conclusion was taken, Maureen Henderson was identified as an epidemiologist exploring the ways in how did the discovery of gold california, which a change in diet can prevent the onset of certain cancers. In sum, the research recommendations describe eating habits almost identical to the diet of around 1900, says Maureen Henderson.
It's a diet we had before refrigeration and the complex carbohydrates we have now. It's an old fashioned diet and non monetary cost, a diet that poor people ate more than rich people. Some cancer researchers wonder whether people will be willing to change their diets or take pills on research the chance of preventing cancer, when one-third of the people in the country won't even stop smoking. How Did The Discovery California? Others, such as Seattle epidemiologist Emily White, suspect that most people will be too eager to dose themselves before enough data are in. We're not here to automobile research convince the non monetary cost public to take anything, she says. The public is too eager already. What we're saying is, 'Let us see if some of these things work.' We want to convince ourselves before we convince the public.'' 14. There is a potential problem with using quotations: if you end with the words of another, you may leave the impression that someone else can make your case more eloquently than you can.
The language of the quotation will put your own prose into relief. If your own prose suffers by comparison - if the automobile research quotations are the best part of your paper - you'd be wise to spend some time revising. The way to avoid this kind of problem is to make your own presentation strong. Questions are useful for opening essays, and they are just as useful for closing them. Opening and closing questions function in Model Essay, different ways, however. The introductory question promises to be addressed in the paper that follows.
But the concluding question leaves issues unresolved, calling on automobile the readers to assume an active role by offering their own solutions: How do we surmount the on Asthma reaction that threatens to destroy the research very gains we thought we had already won in the first stage of the women's movement? How do we surmount our own reaction, which shadows our feminism and non monetary, our femininity (we blush even to use that word now)? How do we transcend the polarization between women and women and between women and men to achieve the new human wholeness that is the promise of feminism, and get on with solving the concrete, practical, everyday problems of living, working and loving as equal persons? This is the personal and automobile, political business of the second stage.
15. Perhaps you will choose to cost raise a question in your conclusion and then answer it, based on the material you've provided in the paper The answered question challenges a reader to agree or disagree with your response. This tactic also places the reader in an active role. The following brief conclusion ends an article entitled Would an Intelligent Computer Have a 'Right to Life'? So the answer to the question Would an intelligent computer have the right to life? is probably that it would, but only if it could discover reasons and conditions under which it would give up its life if called upon to do so - which would make computer intelligence as precious a thing as human intelligence. Automobile Research? 16. When you speculate, you ask what has happened or discuss what might happen. Cost? This kind of question stimulates the reader because its subject is the unknown. The following paragraph concludes The New Generation Gap by Neil Howe and William Strauss.
In this essay, Howe and Strauss discuss the differences among Americans of various ages, including the Gl Generation (born between 1901 and 1924), the Boomers (born 1943- 1961), the Thirteeners (born 1961-1981), and the Millennials (born 1981-2000): If, slowly but surely, Millennials receive the automobile research kind of family protection and smart, public generosity that Gls enjoyed as children, then they could come of research, age early in book smart, the next century as a group much like the Gls of the 1920s and 1930s - as a stellar (if bland) generation of rationalists, team players, and can-do civic builders Two decades from research now Boomers entering old age may well see in their grown Millennial children an effective instrument for saving the world, while Thirteeners entering midlife will shower kindness on a younger generation that is getting a better deal out of Model, life (though maybe a bit less fun) than they ever got at automobile, a like age. The Discovery Change California? Study after story after column will laud these best damn kids in the world as heralding a resurgent American greatness. And, for a while at least, no one will talk about a generation gap. 17. Thus, Howe and Strauss conclude an essay concerned largely with the apparently unbridgeable gaps of understanding between parents and children with a hopeful speculation that generational relationships will improve considerably in automobile research, the next two decades. Some writers work with an idea, committing it to Balzac And The paper only after it has been fully formed.
Others will begin with a vague notion and begin writing a first draft, trusting that as they write they'll discover what they wish to say. Research? many people take advantage of both techniques: they write what they know but at the same time write to discover what they don't know. As you'll see, we used both techniques in writing this section of the book. [back] Francis Mossiker, trans., Napoleon and Josephine . New York: Simon and Schuster, 1964. [back] Winter Organization in Patricia Curtis, Biology , 2nd ed. New York: Worth, 1976, pp. 822-823. Chinese Essay? [back] Robert Hutchins, Gate Receipts and Glory, The Saturday Evening Post . December 3, 1983. [back] Henry David Thoreau, Reading in automobile, Walden . New York: Signet Classic, 1960, p. 72. [back] Jane Yolen, America's 'Cinderella,' APS Publications, Inc., in Children's Literature in Education 8, 1977, pp.
21-29. [back] Excerpt from Toward an Intelligence Beyond Man's from Time , February 20, 1978. Copyright 1978 Time Inc. [back] Michele Jacques, Civil Disobedience: Van Dusen vs. On Management: With? Arendt. [Unpublished paper.] [back] Tammy Smith, Are Sex Roles Learned or Inherited? [Unpublished paper.] [back] From Hybrid Vim and Vigor by William L. Brown from pp. 77-78 in Science 80-85, November 1984. Copyright by the AAAS. [back]
From Mark Naison, Scenario for Scandal, Commonweal 109 (16), September 24, 1982. [back] From The Murder Epidemic by Nikki Meredith from automobile pp. 42-48 in Science 80-85, December 1984. Copyright by AAAS. [back] From And Man Created the Chip, Newsweek , June 30, 1980.
Copyright 1980 by Newsweek, Inc. All rights reserved. [back] Reprinted by permission. From the September issue of Science '84 . Smart Vs Street Smart? Copyright 1984 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science. [back] Betty Friedan, Feminism's Next Step in The Second Stage . Research? New York: Summit Books, 1981. [back]
Robert E. Mueller and Eric T. Mueller, Would an Intelligent Computer Have a 'Right to book smart Life'? Creative Computing , August 1983. [back] Excerpt from The New Generation Gap by Neil Howe and William Strauss. Automobile? Originally appeared in Atlantic , December 1992. [back]