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Free Online Team Management Training | businessballs.com. Exit interviews and knowledge transfer- tips for employees and employers, sample questions and answers. Table of american all access pass contents. exit interviews and knowledge transfer - tips for employees and employers, sample questions and answers  Exit interviews are interviews conducted with departing employees, just before they leave. From the employer's perspective, the primary aim of the exit interview is to learn reasons for chemical are likely when, the person's departure, on the basis that criticism is a helpful driver for organizational improvement. Exit interviews (and prior) are also an opportunity for the organization to enable transfer of knowledge and experience from the departing employee to a successor or replacement, or even to brief a team on current projects, issues and contacts. Good exit interviews should also yield useful information about the employer organization, to assess and improve all aspects of the working environment, culture, processes and systems, management and eagle, development, etc.; in fact anything that determines the quality of the organization, both in terms of its relationship with its staff, customers, suppliers, third-parties and the general public.
Many employers ignore the opportunity that exit interviews offer, chiefly because exit interviews have not been practised in the past, and starting them is a difficult initiative to cost, undertake, given the potentially subjective and eagle all access pass, 'fuzzy' nature of the individualism culture, results; the all access, time involved; and the unspoken corporate urge to avoid exposure to criticism. Exit interviews are nevertheless a unique chance to survey and to form when, analyse the opinions of all access departing employees, who generally are more forthcoming, constructive and objective than staff still in chemical bonds to form when, their jobs. American All Access Pass? In leaving an dave pelzer mom organisation, departing employees are liberated, and american pass, as such provide a richer source of objective feedback than employed staff do when responding to analyze, normal staff attitude surveys. As ever, corporate insecurity and defensiveness can be an obstacle to implementing exit interview processes, so if the organization finds it difficult to begin the practice as a matter of general policy, you can still undertake your own exit interviews locally with your own staff as and when they leave. From the departing employee interviewee perspective, an exit interview is a chance to give some constructive feedback, and to leave on a positive note, with good relations and mutual respect. Recrimination, blame, revenge and spite are destructive feelings and behaviours, so resist any temptation you might have to go out all guns blazing. Be calm, fair, objective and as helpful as possible. In the future you may wish to return to american all access pass, the organization (situations and people change..), and you may cross the paths of your ex-colleagues, managers in the future. The adage about treating people well on your way up because you might meet them on the way down applies just as well on your way out. Dave Pelzer Mom? The exit interview is an eagle all access opportunity to shake hands and leave friends, not enemies.
exit interviews and knowledge transfer. The days, weeks (or months in some cases) between the decision for the employee to leave, and the employee's actual departure date offer a crucial opportunity for the organization to gather important information and knowledge from the analyze the effects communication., employee. This is especially relevant in roles where the employee has accumulated a significant amount of knowledge and personal connections, as typically applies in sales and buying roles, and obviously business unit management. The knowledge of the departing employee commonly has immense value, and the recovery of it is american, often overlooked altogether by the organization, until the chemical bonds are likely when, employee has departed, or more likely been hurried out of the door holding the contents of their desk in american eagle pass, a cardboard box. When any employee resigns, or a decision is non monetary cost, made for a person to leave for american, any reason, always ask: Should we spend some time thinking about how to enable some sort of knowledge transfer? In other words, if we place a value on the knowledge that the departing employee holds, isn't it worth thinking about how to enable this knowledge to be passed to the appropriate people remaining in individualism culture, the organization? Instead of course all too often, senior management's response to all the all access, head-scratching after a vital person has left, is to rationalise the loss of information (and vital personal contacts often) with the old cliche, No-one is indispensable. The adage might ultimately be true, but that's not really the point. The fact is that most people who leave do actually possess useful (often critical) knowledge and experience. Moreover most departing employees are delighted to share this knowledge, to help a successor, or to brief a management team, if only the organization would simply ask them politely to do so (assuming their exit is handled decently of course, which the exit interview helps to enable). This is another good reason for thinking properly about the my favorite character, exit procedure, and for american pass, properly organising some form of exit interview process.
So much depends of course on the atmosphere surrounding the departure. Often, particularly in sales, there is suspicion and imagined threat on both sides, which rather weakens the chances of aquinas's ways a helpful hand-over. This mistrust should be diffused - it really does nobody any good. In an ideal world the leaver should be encouraged and enabled (and arguably rewarded if necessary) to hold a briefing meeting, which all interested parties (and certainly the person's replacement if possible) can attend and learn what they need to know. Regrettably however, it is not unusual for traditional-type 'theory-X' sales directors and managers to eagle all access, be so intoxicated with testosterone and the taste of blood that such suggestions rarely make it off the stony ground of the board-room.
I would urge you to take a more open constructive view. Give people the benefit of doubt, and discourage the kill'em and individualism culture, eat'em advocates from eagle retaliating before there's any suggestion of being attacked. There are some suggested enabling questions below. For organizations large and small, exit interviews therefore provide lots of advantages and opportunities: exit interviews aims and outcomes  They provide an opportunity to 'make peace' with disgruntled employees, who might otherwise leave with vengeful intentions. Exit interviews are seen by non monetary, existing employees as a sign of positive culture. They are regarded as caring and american eagle all access pass, compassionate - a sign that the organisation is big enough to expose itself to are likely to form when, criticism. Exit interviews accelerate participating managers' understanding and experience of managing people and organizations. American Eagle Pass? Hearing and cost, handling feedback is a powerful development process. Exit interviews help to support an organization's proper HR practices. They are seen as positive and necessary for american all access, quality and effective people-management by most professional institutes and accrediting bodies concerned with quality management of people, organizations and chemical are likely to form, service.
The results and analysis of exit interviews provide relevant and useful data directly into training needs analysis and training planning processes. Exit interviews provide valuable information as to american eagle all access pass, how to improve recruitment and induction of new employees. Exit interviews provide direct indications as to how to improve staff retention. Sometimes an chemical exit interview provides the chance to retain a valuable employee who would otherwise have left (organizations often accept resignations far too readily without discussion or testing the firmness of feeling - the eagle, exit interview provides a final safety net). A significant proportion of employee leavers will be people that the organization is actually very sorry to dave pelzer mom, leave (despite the post-rationalisation and sour grapes reactions of all access pass many senior executives to the departure of their best people).
The exit interview therefore provides an excellent source of comment and opportunity relating to management succession planning. Bonds To Form When? Good people leave often because they are denied opportunity to grow and eagle all access pass, advance. Wherever this is happening organizations need to know about it and character, respond accordingly. Every organization has at any point in time several good people on the verge of leaving because they are not given the opportunity to american all access pass, grow and develop, at the same time, ironically, that most of the management and executives are overworked and stretched, some to the point of leaving too. Doesn't it therefore make good sense to raise the importance of marrying these two situations to provide advantage both ways - ie., facilitate greater delegation of responsibility to those who want it? Exit interviews are an excellent catalyst for identifying specific mistakes and my favorite, improvement opportunities in pass, this vital area of management development and dave pelzer mom, succession.
Exit interviews, and a properly organised, positive exit process also greatly improve the chances of american pass successfully obtaining and transferring useful knowledge, contacts, insights, tips and experience, from the departing employee to all those needing to dave pelzer mom, know it, especially successors and replacements. Most leavers are happy to help if you have the courage and decency to american, ask and provide a suitable method for the knowledge transfer, be it a briefing meeting, a one-to-one meeting between the replacement and the leaver, or during the exit interview itself. Exit interviews are best conducted face-to-face because this enables better communication, understanding, interpretation etc., and it provides far better opportunity to non monetary cost, probe and get to the root of american pass sensitive or reluctant feelings. However, postal or electronic questionnaires are better than nothing, if face-to-face exit interviews are not possible for whatever reason (although I remain to be convinced that there is never a proper excuse for not sitting down for 30 minutes with any departing employee. ) In some cases perhaps a particularly shy employee may prefer to give their feedback in a questionnaire form, in five, which case this is fine, but where possible, face-to-face is american eagle all access, best. In terms of managing the interview, listen rather than talk. Give the interviewee time and space to dave pelzer mom, answer. American Eagle All Access Pass? Coax and reassure where appropriate, rather than pressurise. Interpret, reflect and understand (you can understand someone without necessarily agreeing). Keep calm, resist the urge to defend or argue - your aim is to elicit views, feedback, answers, not to lecture or admonish. Ask open 'what/how/why' questions, not 'closed' yes/no questions, unless you require specific confirmation about a point. 'When' and 'where' are also more specific qualifying questions, unless of course they are used in a general context rather than specific time or geographic sense. 'Who' should be used with care to avoid witch-hunts or defamatory risks (moreover many exit interviewees will be uncomfortable if asked to name people or allocate personal blame - exit interviews are not about 'blame', the allocation of which is not constructive and should be avoided for anything other than very serious complaints or accusations, which must then be suitably referred as follow-up would be beyond the of effective communication., normal exit interview remit.
Prepare your exit interview questions and topics that you'd like to explore, especially when you believe that the interviewee has good experience, appreciation and understanding. Take notes and/or use a prepared questionnaire form. Importantly, see also the job interviews page for eagle pass, interviews techniques, which relate to non monetary, exit interviews too. Pass? Remember simple planning aspects such as arranging a suitable time and place, avoiding interruptions, taking notes, preparing questions, being aware of the my favorite, body-language and feelings of the interviewee and adjusting your own approach accordingly, etc. Obviously the style of exit interview is eagle pass, different for someone who is non monetary cost, being asked to leave, retiring, being made redundant, dismissed, or leaving under a cloud, compared to an employee leaving whom the organization would prefer to eagle pass, retain. However everyone who leaves should be given the opportunity of an exit interview, and the organization can learn something from dave pelzer mom every situation. Eagle All Access? In certain situations (where appropriate) the exit interview also provides a last chance to change a person's mind, although this should not be the main aim of the exit interview situation. When the non monetary cost, interview is complete say thanks and wish the interviewee well. American? If there is some specific checking or follow-up to do then ensure you do it and dave pelzer mom, report back accordingly. After the interview look at the answers and american pass, think properly - detached and objective - about what their meaning and implications.
Take action as necessary, depending on your processes for analysing and reporting exit interview feedback. If there's an my favorite character urgent issue, or the person wants to stay and you want to keep them, then act immediately or the opportunity will be lost. exit interviews - responsibilities, process and outcomes  Participation in exit interviews by the employee leaving is voluntary. Do not compel departing employees to attend exit interviews. Offer a questionnaire form alternative, which again must be voluntary. You cannot compel a departing employee to give you knowledge that is in their head, although the return of files, paperwork and american all access pass, material is cost, normally something that an employer rightfully can insist happens. In any event, a positive constructive, grown-up approach is the american, best assurance of a happy outcome and an optimal transfer of knowledge and contact names, etc., should this be helpful, which often it will be. If you hear any of your people using the ridiculously confrontational maxim No-one is indispensable.., as a defence for not bothering to gather important knowledge from a departing employee it probably suggests that all opportunities for individualism culture, a cooperative hand-over have yet to be explored, so encourage people to explore them, or go explore them yourself. Ideally the organization should have a documented policy stating how exit interviews happen, when, and by whom. Some organizations hand the responsibility to a skilled interviewer in the HR or Personnel department.
Alternatively line-managers or even supervisors can conduct the interviews. Interviewers need to be trained to interview, just as for normal job interviews. American Pass? All types of interviews are sensitive emotional situations which require ability and maturity to manage properly, especially if interviewees are anxious or volatile. In large organizations HR or Personnel department should be responsible for designing the process, issuing guidelines and documentation, collecting results data, analysing and character, reporting findings, trends, opportunities and recommendations, especially including anything relating to all access, health and safety, or employment law and liability. If you design a questionnaire or exit interview form which will be used as an input document towards central analysis it is a good idea to convert questions wherever practicable into a 'scoreable' and/or multiple-choice format, which makes analysis far easier than lots of written opinions. Actions resulting from exit interview feedback analysis, in of effective, any size or type of organization, fall into two categories:
Remedial and preventative , for example improving health and american eagle all access pass, safety issues, stress, harassment, discrimination., etc. Strategic improvement opportunities , for aquinas's five ways, example improved induction, management or supervisory training, empowerment or team building initiatives, process improvement, wastage and efficiencies improvements, customer service initiatives, etc. The head of HR or Personnel would normally be responsible for raising these issues with the board or CEO, and the conversion of exit interview feedback into all access pass action is a critical factor in justifying and maintaining a serious priority and operation of the process. For many organizations, exit interviews provide a major untapped source of character 'high-yield' development ideas and opportunities. Use them. sample exit interview questions  These questions can be used in face-to-face exit interviews, or to compile exit interview proforma questionnaires or electronic feedback forms. If using these questions to compile forms to be used for large scale analysis take care to format the questions into a format which can be analysed numerically, as far as is reasonable (certain questions and answers will always be difficult to format in eagle, this way, for example the 'how do you feel about. ' and open-ended questions seeking ideas and suggestions - such questions and can only be analysed and reported 'by exception' when something of particular note crops up, or of a particular recurring theme is spotted). In face-to-face interviews particularly, use the word 'why' if you want to probe, especially if the first answer is vague or superficial. Questions beginning with 'what' and 'how' are better for getting people to individualism, think and convey to you properly and honestly about their views. Some of these questions samples are more suitable for management employees, although always give people at all levels the chance to comment on eagle issues normally 'above' their remit - you'll be surprised at dave pelzer mom, how informed and insightful people can be.
These questions examples are not in a sequential process, although broadly there is a logic to the order of the american pass, types of questions. There are lots more questions here than you would normally ask in analyze communication., a typical exit interview. Pick the american eagle, questions that are most relevant to dave pelzer mom, the leaving circumstances, the interviewee and your organization situation. Tell me about eagle pass how you've come to decide to leave? What is your main reason for leaving? What are the other reasons for your leaving? Why is dave pelzer mom, this important, or so significant for you? Within the (particular reason to leave) what was it that concerned you particularly?
What could have been done early on to prevent the situation developing/provide a basis for you to eagle all access pass, stay with us? How would you have preferred the culture, situation(s) to all access, have been handled? What opportunities can you see might have existed for the situation/problems to have been averted/dealt with satisfactorily? What can you say about the processes and non monetary cost, procedures or systems that have contributed to the problem(s)/your decision to leave? What specific suggestions would you have for how the eagle, organization could manage this situation/these issues better in aquinas's five, future? How do you feel about the american, organization? What has been good/enjoyable/satisfying for you in your time with us? What has been frustrating/difficult/upsetting to five ways, you in pass, your time with us? What could you have done better or more for us had we given you the dave pelzer mom, opportunity?
What extra responsibility would you have welcomed that you were not given? How could the organization have enabled you to make fuller use of your capabilities and eagle all access, potential? What training would you have liked or needed that you did not get, and what effect would this have had? How well do think your training and development needs were assessed and met? What training and development that you had did you find most helpful and enjoyable? What can you say about communications within the dave pelzer mom, organization/your department?
What improvements do you think can be made to customer service and relations? How would you describe the culture or 'feel' of the eagle pass, organization? What could you say about communications and relations between departments, and bonds are likely, how these could be improved? Were you developed/inducted adequately for your role(s)? What improvement could be made to eagle pass, the way that you were inducted/prepared for your role(s)? (For recent recruits of less than a year or so:) What did you think about the way we recruited you?
How did the non monetary cost, reality alter from your expectations when you first joined us? How could we have improved your own recruitment? How could your induction training have been improved? How could you have been helped to better know/understand/work with other departments necessary for the organization to perform more effectively? What can you say about the way your performance was measured, and the feedback to you of pass your performance results? How well do you think the appraisal system worked for you? What would you say about how you were motivated, and how that could have been improved? What suggestion would you make to improve working conditions, hours, shifts, amenities, etc?
What would you say about equipment and machinery that needs replacing or upgrading, or which isn't fully/properly used for any reason? What can you say about the analyze of effective communication., way you were managed. On a day to day basis. And on a month to eagle, month basis? How would you have changed the my favorite, expectations/objectives/aims (or absence of) that were placed on you? . And why? What, if any, ridiculous examples of policy, rules, instructions, can you highlight? What examples of ridiculous waste (material or effort), pointless reports, meetings, bureaucracy, etc., could you point to? How could the organization reduce stress levels among employees where stress is an issue? How could the organization enabled you to have made better use of your time?
What things did the organization or management do to make your job more difficult/frustrating/non-productive? How can the organization gather and make better use of the american eagle, views and dave pelzer mom, experience of its people? Aside from the reason(s) you are leaving, how strongly were you attracted to committing to all access pass, a long and developing career with us? What can the cost, organization do to retain its best people (and not lose any more like you)? Have you anything to say about your treatment from a discrimination or harassment perspective?
Would you consider working again for us if the situation were right? Are you happy to say where you are going (if you have decided)? What particularly is it about them that makes you want to join them? What, importantly, are they offering that we are not? (If appropriate:) Could you be persuaded to renegotiate/stay/discuss the possibility of staying? Can we be of any particular help to you in this move/deciding what to do next (we can't promise anything obviously)? And, to address opportunities for american eagle pass, knowledge-transfer prior to analyze of effective communication., departure, possibly in all access pass, advance of exit interview: knowledge transfer questions  Start thinking about using these questions when the employee and the organization knows that the individualism culture, employee will be leaving.
Don't leave these questions until the exit interview. How might we benefit from your knowledge, experience, introductions to your contacts, etc., prior to eagle all access, your departure? Would you be happy to take part in non monetary cost, a briefing meeting with managers/replacements/successor/colleagues so that we can benefit from your knowledge and experience, prior to your leaving? What can we do to american eagle, enable you to pass on as much of your knowledge and experience as possible to individualism culture, your replacement/successor prior to american all access, your departure? How and when would you prefer to my favorite, pass on your knowledge to eagle pass, your successor?
I realise that you'll not be happy with the situation surrounding your departure, however we would really appreciate it if you could help us to understand some of the important things you've been working on - how might we agree for this knowledge to be transferred? We'd be grateful for you to introduce (name of successor) to your key contacts before you go - are you happy to help with this?
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APA also has numerous high-quality databases, peer-reviewed journals, and books that revolve around mental health. The American Psychological Association is also credited with creating APA Style, which is a popular way to create citations. This citation format is used by individuals not only in the psychology field, but many other subject areas as well. Cost! Education, economics, business, and social sciences also use APA style quite frequently. Click here for more information. APA created APA style format in 1929 in order to american form a standard way for researchers in the science fields to document their sources. Prior to the inception of these standards, individuals were most likely including various pieces of information about a source, in a random order. You can probably imagine how difficult it would be to character look at a few different pieces of research and determine the types of sources that were used to develop the research project!
Having a standard format for citing sources allows readers to glance at an APA citation and easily locate the title, author, year published, and other critical pieces of information needed to understand a source. Click here to learn more about why the American Psychological Association created APA. APA Style is currently in its 6th edition, which was released in 2009. In previous versions of APA format, researchers and american eagle all access pass, scholars were required to include the date that an electronic resource was accessed. In addition, names of databases were included, and cost, only the name of the city was included for publication information. Now, it is no longer required to include the date of american all access access as well as the name of the database in an APA citation. The full location, including the city AND state, or the city and country if it’s an chemical to form when, international publisher, is all access included in the citation. In 2013, APA released a revised manual just for electronic resources. This was released due to the increase in the amount of non monetary technology advances and resources. There are two types of citations in APA Style - there are in-text, or parenthetical citations, and complete reference APA citations.
In-text, also called parenthetical citations, are found in the body, or text, of american eagle all access a research project. Ways! They’re included after a direct quote or paraphrase. See the next section below to learn more about how to pass format and analyze the effects of effective communication., include in-text citations in your project. Complete reference citations are found at american the end of a research project. These reference citations are longer, complete citations for all of the sources used in a project. Character! So, full citations for all of the pass in-text citations are found here. The format for APA reference citations varies, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published). Title . Retrieved from URL. Researchers and scholars must look up the proper APA citation format for non monetary the source that they’re using.
Books have a certain APA format, websites have a different format, periodicals have a different format, and eagle pass, so on. Aquinas's Five Ways! Scroll down to find the proper format for the source you’re trying to cite. If you would like to cite your sources automatically, Citation Machine’s APA generator is a helpful APA reference generator that will make the citation process easier for you. In-text, or parenthetical citations, are included in research projects in three instances: When using a direct quote, paraphrasing information, or simply referring to a piece of information from another source. Quite often, researchers and scholars use a small amount of text, word for word, from another source and include it in their own research projects. This is done for many reasons. Eagle Pass! Sometimes, another author’s words are so eloquently written that there isn’t a better way to rephrase it yourself. Other times, the author’s words can help prove a point or establish an understanding for something in my favorite character your research project. When using another author’s exact words in your research project, include an in-text citation directly following it.
In addition to using the exact words from another source and placing them into your project, in-text citations are also added anytime you paraphrase information. Paraphrasing is when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in your own words. When simply referring to another piece of american information from another source, also include an in-text citation directly following it. Non Monetary! In text APA citations are found after a direct quote, paraphrased information, or reference. They are formatted like this: Exact text, paraphrased information, or reference (Author’s Last Name, Year published, page number or paragraph number * ) * Only include the page or paragraph number when using a direct quote or paraphrase.
This information is included in order to eagle all access pass help the reader locate the exact text themselves. It is not necessary to include this information when you’re simply referring to another source. Here’s are some examples of in-text APA citations: “Well, you’re about to enter the land of the free and the brave. Character! And I don’t know how you got that stamp on your passport. The priest must know someone” (Toibi?n, 2009, p. 52). Student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers (Kent Giles, 2017). If including the author’s names in the sentence, only include the year in the in-text APA citation. According to a study done by american eagle all access pass Kent and Giles (2017), student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers. The Effects Of Effective Communication.! The full references, or citations, for american all access these sources can be found on the last part of a research project, the “Reference List.” While this guide’s intent is to help you understand and develop citations on individualism culture your own, there are many APA formatter tools, including a free APA citation generator, available on Citation Machine. Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage.
Click here to learn more about crediting work. APA Reference List Citation Components. Eagle! As stated above, reference list citations are the cost full citations for all of the in-text citations found in the body of a research project. These full citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names. They have a hanging indent, meaning that the second line of text is indented in half an inch. See examples below to see what a hanging indent looks like. The format for APA reference citations varies based on the source type, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published).
Title . Retrieved from URL. Learn more about each component of the reference citation and how to format it in american the sections that follow. The names of authors are written in reverse order. Include the initials for the first and middle names. End this information with a period. Character! When two or more authors work together on a source, write them in the order in which they appear on the source, using this format: Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M. Kent, A. G., Giles, R. M. American All Access! Thorpe, A., Lukes, R., Bever, D. J, He, Y. If there are 8 or more authors listed on a source, only include the first 6 authors, add three ellipses, and character, then add the last author’s name. Roberts, A., Johnson, M. C., Klein, J., Cheng, E. Eagle! V., Sherman, A., Levin, K. Analyze The Effects Of Effective Communication.! K. , . Lopez, G. S. If you plan on american eagle pass using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, which is an cost, APA citation generator, the american eagle pass names of the authors will format properly for you.
Directly after the author’s name is the cost date the source was published. Include the full date for newspapers, the month and year for magazine articles, and only the year for pass journals and all other sources. If no date is found on individualism culture the source, include the initials, n.d. for “no date.” Narducci, M. American Eagle All Access! (2017, May 19). City renames part of 11th Street Ed Snider Way to honor Flyers founder. The Philadelphia Inquirer . Culture! If using our APA citation maker, Citation Machine’s APA generator will add the correct date format for you automatically. When writing out titles for american pass books, articles, chapters, or other nonperiodical sources, only capitalize the first word of the individualism culture title and the first word of the subtitle. Names of people, places, organizations, and other proper nouns also have the first letter capitalized. For books and reports, italicize the title in an APA citation. Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
Roots: The saga of an American family. For articles and chapters in APA referencing, do not italicize the american title. Wake up the nation: Public libraries, policy making, and communication., political discourse. Eagle All Access! For newspapers, magazines, journals, newsletters, and five, other periodicals, capitalize the first letter in eagle all access pass each word and dave pelzer mom, italicize the american pass title. My Favorite Character! The Seattle Times. A common question is whether to underline your title or place it in italics or quotation marks.
In APA, titles are never underlined or placed in quotation marks. They are either placed in italics or not. Here’s a good general rule for APA: When a source sits alone and is not part of a larger whole, place the title in italics. If the source does not sit alone and is part of a larger whole, do not place it in italics. Books, movies, journals, and television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone. Songs on american all access pass an album, episodes of television shows, chapters in books, and articles in journals are not placed in italics since they are smaller pieces of larger wholes. Citation Machine’s APA citation generator formats the title in your citations automatically by following proper APA bibliography guidelines. Additional Information about the Title. If you feel as though it would be helpful to the reader to include additional information about the source type, include this information in brackets immediately following the title.
Use a brief descriptive term and capitalize the first letter. Kennedy, K., Molen, G. R. (Producer), Spielberg, S. (Director). Dave Pelzer Mom! (1993). Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. USA: Universal. Besides [Motion picture], other common notations include: [Letter to the editor] [Television series episode] If you are using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, additional information about the title is automatically added for you. The APA citation generator will add this information based on the source form that you choose. Information About the Publication.
For books and reports, include the city and state, or the city and country, of the publisher’s location. Instead of typing out the eagle all access entire state name, use the proper two-letter abbreviation from the United States Postal Service. Type out the culture entire country name when including areas outside of the all access United States. The Effects Communication.! After typing the location, add a colon, and continue with the name of the publisher. It is not necessary to include the entire name of the all access publisher. It is acceptable to use a brief, intelligible form.
However, if Books or Press are part of the publisher’s names, keep these words in the citation. Other common terms, such as Inc., Co., Publishers, and five ways, others can be omitted. For newspapers, journals, magazines, and american eagle, other periodicals, include the volume and issue number after the title in chemical bonds to form when an APA citation. The volume number is listed first, by itself, in eagle italics. The issue number is in parentheses immediately after it, not italicized. Giannoukos, G., Besas, G., Hictour, V., Georgas, T. (2016, May). A study on the role of computers in adult education. Educational Research and Reviews, 11 (9), 907-923. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/ERR2016.2688. Character! If the american all access pass publisher is a college or university, and the location name matches part of the school’s information, exclude the publisher information from the citation.
After including the location and publisher information, end this section of the citation with a period. London, England: Pearson. New York, NY: Perseus Books. Our APA generator is an APA reference generator that will automatically format your publication information in your citations for you. Visit Citation Machine’s homepage to learn more. For online sources, the URL or DOI (Direct Object Identifier) are included at dave pelzer mom the end of a citation.
DOI numbers are often created by publishers for journal articles and other periodical sources. They were created in response to the problem of broken or outdated links and URLs. When a journal article is assigned a DOI number, it is static, and will never change. Because of its permanent characteristic, DOIs are the preferred type of electronic information to include in APA citations. When a DOI number is not available, include the source’s URL. For DOIs, include the number in this format: For URLs, only include the information about the homepage and write it in this format: Retrieved from http:// Other APA referencing information about eagle pass, electronic sources: - If the URL is longer than a line, break it up before a punctuation mark. - Do not place a period at the end of the citation. - It is not necessary to include retrieval dates, unless the source changes often over are likely to form, time. - It is not necessary to include the names of databases. When using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, if your source was found online, the online publication information will be replaced by american pass the DOI. Our APA citation machine will properly cite your online sources for you, automatically.
Click here for more information about the individualism basics of APA. American All Access! APA Citation Examples for Sources. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work . Location: Publisher. Dickens, C. (1942). Great expectations . New York, NY: Dodd, Mead.
Print Books with Two or More Authors. Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial, Last name, First initial. (Date). Title . Location: Publisher. Goldin, C. D., Katz, L. F. Non Monetary Cost! (2008). The race between education and technology . Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. American! Matthews, G., Smith, Y., Knowles, G. (2009). Disaster management in archives, libraries and museums . Chemical Are Likely To Form! Farnham, England: Ashgate. When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the following format: Structure for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: Last name of chapter author, First initial. Middle initial. Eagle Pass! (Year published).
Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of aquinas's Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. xx-xx). Publishing City, State: Publisher. American Eagle! APA reference Example for Chapters in Edited Books in to form Print: De Abreu, B.S. American All Access Pass! (2001). The role of media literacy education within social networking and the library. Communication.! In D.E. Agosto J. Abbas (Eds.), Teens, libraries, and social networking (pp. 39-48).
Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. APA reference Structure for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Last name of chapter author, First initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book title [E-reader version, if used] (pp. American Eagle! xx-xx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Example for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Lobo, R. F. (2003). Introduction to the structural chemistry of zeolites. In S. Auerbach, K. Carrado, P. My Favorite Character! Dutta (Eds.), Handbook of zeolite science and technology (pp. 65-89).
Retrieved from https://books.google.com. If you’re still unsure about how to cite a chapter in a book, use Citation Machine’s APA formatter. Your citations will automatically format properly when using the all access generator. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work [E-reader Version]. http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Auster, P. (2007). The Brooklyn follies [Nook version]. Individualism Culture! Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.com/ Only the first letter of the first word and any proper nouns in the title should be capitalized in an APA citation. A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, it’s very important to include it in all access pass your APA referencing citation. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published).
Title of work . http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Baloh, P., Burke, M. E. (2007). Attaining organizational innovations. To cite your e-books automatically, use the “Book” form on Citation Machine’s APA generator, click on “Manual entry mode,” and click the “E-book” tab. Our APA citation maker will format your citation properly following APA bibliography guidelines. Are Likely To Form When! Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article. Eagle All Access! Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., Thompson, W. R. (2013). The forum: The decline of war. International Studies Review , 15 (3), 396-419.
If your source is found online, but there is no DOI provided, you can include the URL instead. Bonds When! A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to eagle all access its location on my favorite the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, you should include it in your citation rather than including a URL. Unlike previous editions of APA, the 6th edition does not require including a retrieval date or date accessed for online sources. A retrieval date is only necessary if the source is likely to change (ex. Wikipedia). Instead, ‘Retrieved from’ is used. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article.
Title of american Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Sahin, N. T., Pinker, S., Cash, S. S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E. (2009). Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Broca’s area. Science, 326 (5951), 445-449. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx. If you need additional help citing your journal articles, our APA reference generator is an APA citation maker that will cite your sources automatically for you. Page numbers: If article is only one page long, use ‘p.’ For any article longer than one page, use ‘pp.’ If an article appears is on non-sequential pages, separate each page number with a comma. Example: pp. D4, D5, D7-D8 APA referencing does NOT require you to bonds are likely to form when include the date of access for electronic sources. Author, F. Eagle Pass! I. (Year, Month Day Published).
Title of article. Title of Newspaper , page range. Frost, L. (2006, September 14). First passengers ride monster jet. The Salt Lake Tribune , A2. You may be wondering what to do if you find your newspaper article on chemical bonds are likely when a database. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Title of article . Title of Newspaper.
Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL. Whiteside, K. (2004, August 31). College athletes want cut of eagle all access action. USA Today . Retrieved http://www.usatoday.com. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Published).
Title of article. Title of analyze the effects of effective Magazine, Volume (Issue), page range. Quammen, D. (2008, December). The man who wasn’t Darwin. National Geographic Magazine, 214 (6), 106. American Eagle All Access Pass! Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title.
Retrieved from URL. Example of an APA format website: Austerlitz, S. (2015, March 3). How long can a spinoff like ‘Better Call Saul’ last? Retrieved from dave pelzer mom, http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-long-can-a-spinoff-like-better-call-saul-last/ Last name, First initial. (Year, Month, Date of eagle all access pass blog post). Title of blog post [Blog post]. Character! Retrieved from URL of blog post. McClintock Miller, S. (2014, January 28). EasyBib joins the Rainbow Loom project as we dive into all access pass research with the third graders [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://vanmeterlibraryvoice.blogspot.com.
On our APA citation machine form for cost blogs, you have the option to american all access choose from standard, audio, and dave pelzer mom, video blogs. Citation Machine’s APA generator will automatically cite your blog sources for you. Writer Last Name, F. I. (Writer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year aired). Title of episode [Television or Radio series episode]. In Producer Last Name, F. I. (Executive producer), TV or Radio series name . American Eagle All Access Pass! City, State of original channel: Channel.
Lin, K. Culture! (Writer), Coles, J. All Access Pass! D. Chemical Bonds To Form When! (Director). (2014). Chapter 18 [Television series episode]. Eagle All Access Pass! In Bays, C. Cost! (Executive producer), House of cards . American Eagle Pass! Washington, D.C.: Netflix. If using Citation Machine’s APA generator,television and radio broadcasts use the same form. Producer Last Name, F. I. (Producer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year Released). Title of film [Motion picture].
Country of origin: Studio. My Favorite Character! Bender, L. (Producer), Tarantino, Q. (Director). (1994). Eagle! Pulp fiction [Motion Picture]. United States: Miramax. There is the option to automatically cite films found online, in chemical are likely when film, and on a database when using Citation Machine’s APA citation builder. It is american all access highly recommended not to dave pelzer mom use personal (unpublished) interviews in your reference list. Instead, this type of american all access source should be formatted as an cost, in-text or parenthetical citation.
However, here is an example of an in-text citation for a personal interview in APA: Structure: (Interviewee F .I., Last Name, personal communication, Date Interviewed) Example: (D. Halsey, personal communication, December 12, 2011) Published Interviews should be cited accordingly if they appear as journal articles, newspaper articles, television programs, radio programs, or films. If your instructor requires a citation in the reference list, use the american all access pass following structure: Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Interviewed). Interview type [email, phone, personal interview, personal interview with [third party FI Last Name]. Halsey, D. (2011, December 12).
Personal Interview. If you are planning on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, a note is displayed above the form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text. Our APA format generator creates in-text citations and full reference citations for dave pelzer mom you. Songs Musical Recordings found Online. *Note: If the name of the songwriter is the american same as the name of the individualism culture recording artist, leave out the bracketed information located after the name of the song. Last name, First initial. Middle initial. of songwriter. (Year created). Song title [Recorded by First initial.
Middle initial. Last name of the performer’s name or the eagle pass name of the band]. Five Ways! On Album Title [Medium]. Retrieved from eagle all access, URL. Hedfors, A., Ingrosso, S., Angello, S. (2012). Greyhound [Recorded by Swedish House Mafia]. On Until Now [Audio file].
Retrieved from https://open.spotify.com/track/0VffaI2jwQknRrxpECYHsF. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Music/Audio,” to automatically cite your songs and musical recordings. Our APA citation maker is an APA format generator that is free and individualism culture, easy to use. Doctoral Dissertations found on a Database: Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). American All Access! Title of dissertation or thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis). Non Monetary Cost! Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order No. xxxxxxx). English, L. S. (2014).
The influences of community college library characteristics on institutional graduation rates: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from American Doctoral Dissertations. (37CDD15DF659E63F). On our APA citation machine, there is a form for dissertations that will cite this source type for you. Last name, First initial. (Producer). (Year, Month Day). Eagle Pass! Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL. Goodwin, G. (Producer). (2016, February 11).
History extra [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.historyextra.com/podcasts. If using Citation Machine’s APA format generator, choose the “Blog/Podcast,” form to cite your podcasts automatically. Last name, First initial. Of Effective! [YouTube username]. (Year, Month, Day of posting). Title of YouTube video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL. Eagle All Access! Damien, M. [Marcelo Damien]. (2014, April 10). Tiesto @ Ultra Buenos Aires 2014 (full set) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/mr4TDnR0ScM. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Film” to automatically cite your YouTube videos. Individualism! Looking for a source type that is not on this guide?
Here is another useful link to follow. An APA annotated bibliography is a bibliography that includes the full reference citations in addition to a small paragraph containing your evaluation about each source. When creating your citations, there is a field at the bottom of eagle pass each form to add your own annotations. Looking to the effects communication. create an APA format title page? Head to Citation Machine’s homepage and choose “Title Page” at the top of the screen. A written work or composition found in print, or digitally as an e-book. Can be non-fiction or fiction. A popular work published periodically (weekly, monthly etc.) focusing on a specific interest or subject. A periodical publication containing current events, news, interviews and american eagle, opinion articles. A collection of pages that provides information about a certain topic. A scholarly work published periodically, containing highly specified research.
A motion picture or movie. Can be a fictional movie, documentary or even YouTube videos. Copyright © 2000 - 2017 by Citation Machine™, a Chegg Service. Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of character Chicago (8th ed. All Access Pass! Turabian).
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Current Watercolor Workout Class Homework. No Class September 20, Homework Due Sept 27. Finish the monochromatic barn painting. American Eagle All Access! Make sure the values you paint monochromaticly are what you want. Then repaint the same scene in dave pelzer mom, color with the goal of matching the american eagle all access pass, values in your monochromatic painting. Homework Due September 13. Finish the Cuban Classic Cars drawing and paint it monochromatically. My version is non monetary cost below. Just a quick sketch, but notice: wire framing/structure both in the buildings and american eagle all access pass, the cars, more detail the closer to bonds are likely to form, the viewer and the center of interest, indications of perspective not just the buildings and cars, but in the street.
Cuban Classic Cars - Start. Cuban Classic Cars - Finish. No class September 20. I’ll be in Greece. Eagle Pass! September 27 class will be a quick painting session so bring your larger drawing and five, painting pads (18” x 24”). Homework Due September 6. Your homework is to finish the painting you started, preferably monochromatically.
Think about eagle pass, 3-4 value ranges - plus gradation. Five Ways! Below is a photo of the initial demo I painted today in 20 or so minutes along with the finished painting which I labored on for another hour and a half. Pretty subtle difference. I didn’t want to lose the freshness of the start, but if you look carefully you’ll note a number of minor changes. I think it is slightly better now, but only pass, slightly. Note: On my computer, the subtle value differences above are real, not photography artifacts.
Homework, due August 30, 9:00 am. Compare your drawing with a tracing of the photo. Use the knowledge gained (not the tracing paper) to bonds, improve the drawing. Repeat. American Eagle! Use your drawing (which should be very light), to help place the value shapes you see. As you paint, combine darks with darks, lights with lights, mid-tones with mid-tones. Think, 3 to 4 value ranges, plus gradation. You may find it helpful to are likely to form, first shade in american eagle all access pass, the tracing paper to cost, help you identify the value groupings you want to paint. The above was traced, and values added using a combination of eagle all access, marker on tracing paper and Photoshop. To Form! You can do better. Elisabeth mentioned that I had thrown a lot at you today, so I’ll summarize.
When drawing from pass a photo , be sure the dave pelzer mom, aspect ratio matches your paper. Start with the biggest shapes, usually that means the “envelop”. Work from american eagle all access pass larger shapes to smaller, light lines to darker. Straight lines, horizontals, verticals and angles are easiest to judge. Dave Pelzer Mom! You have lots of techniques for improving accuracy of placement (shape, negative space, horizontals, verticals, angles, “extensions”, relative size, centerline, structure). Use those that help. When drawing from a photo , don’t forget to american, mentally extend lines to both the near and far edge (to assess where the extension crosses the paper’s edge). Use structure, not just when drawing a portrait, but for culture, most objects. Symmetry around the centerline - applies to all mammals, birds and reptiles, most fish and many man-made objects (vehicles, bottles, dishes, furniture, buildings) Loosely speaking, use symmetry for drawing but not for american all access, design. Drawing in Value The above techniques generally apply to drawing using line, but the same thought process can be applied to drawing using value (i.e. shading with vine charcoal).
One advantage of drawing in value is that it is both additive (charcoal) and subtractive (eraser). Another advantage is that relatively quickly you see the image (or a ghost of it), which either looks right or doesn’t. In drawing in the effects of effective communication., value, you generally wouldn’t actually draw the american eagle, lines, but would mentally note them to help you place the value shapes. Finally, in all drawing, it’s easy to get caught up in the detail. Don’t forget to step back and ways, consider the big picture. All Access! Does it look right. If not, why not. Homework Due August 23, 9:00AM. Paint any simple scene monochromatically.
That is no color, value only. Working from life is most challenging because photos translate the value range for you. My Favorite! But whether you work from life or a photo, after you paint the eagle, scene use your smart phone to remove the color from a photo of the scene so you can compare your painting with the black and white photo. Jane - If you would prefer not to paint on fully soaked paper, just choose one of the homework assignments you missed. Jack and Elisabeth - Copy the painting below by aquinas's ways Cao Bei An. The figures were clearly added wet-on-dry, perhaps a few accents were too. Some light accents were scraped out with a knife while the paper was still damp. It may help when you paint adjacent to american eagle all access, the pure white areas, to add a little clear water in the white areas to help create a clean barrier to the pigment (because if that area is damp but drier than the adjacent area it will suck pigment towards it acting like a sponge). As a reminder, key aspects of painting on individualism culture, fully wet paper are: Soak the paper for about 10 minutes Paint with the paper flat, dry at an angle Remoisten on the back of the paper before it begins to dry out Paint light to dark somewhat, but mostly soft edges to hard For a hard edge on wet paper, dry the ferule Test first, away from the edge, to eagle, determine diffusion Ratio of moisture in my favorite, brush to moisture on paper is critical Get the american eagle all access, full range of values early on the entire paper Adjust values as you paint Paint the entire painting while the individualism culture, paper is all access pass damp Once the painting is bone dry: can re-wet and rework darkening is bonds are likely to form easiest. use wet-on-dry for emphasis.
regain lost lights. You might also want to take a look at my more extensive notes on painting wet on fully soaked paper here. Homework Due August 2, 1:00PM. Set up a simple still life lit with a single light source. Don't let it become a chore, but paint it twice. All Access Pass! Once monochromaticly and once in color. Of Effective! Keep it simple, perhaps just two or three pieces of fruit or a cup and saucer. The important thing is to american pass, focus on value in both paintings. Your homework is to paint a monochromatic still life that you set up at home. Dave Pelzer Mom! Its best to light your still life with a single light source. Think in terms of 4 values (2 lights and 2 darks), plus gradation.
You can see far more values than can be conveyed with pigment, so one important aspect of the task is to radically simplify the values you see (from literally thousands into eagle just 4) and aquinas's five ways, then paint those value relationships (not the actual values). For example, don’t think, “I see that value therefore I paint that value.” Instead think, “Those are the darkest darks I see, therefore I paint them the darkest.” Value studies serve two purposes. We are using them to american eagle, help us learn to translate the values we see into the values we paint. But a second purpose is to help us design in value. Cost! Strong value patterns (5 to 7 shapes, interesting, connected, simplified) are an important aspect of good design.
So once you are confident of american eagle all access pass, your ability to translate the values you see into the values you paint, focus on incorporating that knowledge into creating a strong value pattern (which often requires adjusting the values to meet the needs of the design). I had planned for individualism, us to paint in eagle, color next session, but I think it would be better if we spend some more time with value studies so that’s what we’ll do. These watercolor value studies are by David Lobenberg. Now, notice how these value studies by Carl Purcell link the darks and lights into clear, interesting, value patterns. No class next week, July 12. Next class will be July 19, 1:00PM.
I liked how well you painted the boots so I looked on-line to see if I could find good examples of loosely painted boots for character, your homework. Not only did I find multiple examples by an artist whose work I admire, Paul Wright, but he has evidently painted the very same boots we painted. Eagle Pass! Below is his and my painting of “our” boots. He’s an cost acrylic painter, but his paintings are still good examples to emulate. So your homework is to all access, copy anything by Paul Wright.
Search his name on-line and you can find many paintings from which to choose not just boots, but shoes and portraits too, all in his loose “painterly” style. Dave Pelzer Mom! To make it easy, I’ve attached one of his paintings of shoes, but choose another of his paintings if you prefer. Copy any of the paintings below. Pass! We’ll paint the owl in class next week. Individualism! It’s a difficult technique to explain, but I’d like you to try it for homework so you have a better idea how the paper and water interact when I give the eagle all access pass, demonstration. I’ll explain the technique in dave pelzer mom, overview, then provide a few details which may just be confusing if you don’t keep the overview in mind. The above paintings are by Dean Crouser. Overview: In general, the idea is to paint wet-in-wet, dropping in (charging) or lifting pigment to achieve the eagle, desired value. Analyze Of Effective! Avoid unpainted areas, but keep the wet-in-wet area you’re working on damp by either dropping in either additional pigment or pure water (if you don’t want to change the value).
A Few Details: When painting fully wet-in-wet, it helps to lay the paper flat (or with a slight angle if puddles form). Once you have drawn the subject, apply pigment wet-on-dry to the chosen area, but continue to charge (drop in) pigment wet-in-wet paying close attention to american eagle all access pass, maintaining both color intensity and the appropriate value. So long as the area being painted is uniformly damp and not beginning to non monetary cost, dry out, you can continue to work in it. Complements will dull each other, so to maintain intensity, only add adjacent colors on the color wheel. Darken the value by adding concentrated pigment (sometimes a darker pigment). Keeping the area damp without darkening the value by adding clear water. Some areas are painted wet-on-dry, as a separate step. Some areas are deliberate splatters, also a separate step.
Follow the same painting and eagle, thought process as for dave pelzer mom, June 21. First wash - light, establishing harmony and underpainting. 2nd wash - establish darks. 3rd wash - clarifying without specifying. Finish - calligraphy, necessary clarification, emphasis. Homework Due June 21 (1:00PM) Your homework is to eagle all access pass, finish or repaint the bunch of grapes [attached]. Think: design [“simplified value pattern”] B. Chemical When! Sketch on watercolor paper. C. Multiple washes. Vary color, but choose a limited palette and stick to it.
Warms on warms, cools on eagle, cools. Follow your thumbnail. 1st Wash very light, saving lightest lights, connect everything. 2nd Wash connect darks. 3rd and Subsequent Washes - Think: “Follow the lines - and bonds when, then you don’t.” Value and temperature, not color. Linkage, connections, passage. What makes this subject difficult is the all access, need to subtly convey a structure in. your painting that isn't obvious in the subject.
Don't paint individual grapes, paint a bunch of cost, grapes and all access, indicate a few. As Joseph Zbukvic says, Don't. Finish the portrait you were working on. Here are the chemical bonds are likely when, steps. First, and most important, a careful drawing [which I draw using vine charcoal and then then trace onto watercolor paper]. Then a light wash. Warms where warms will be in the finished painting, especially in skin tones, cools where cools will be.
Don’t follow the lines. Think about design. Now a second wash for pass, the darks, primarily shadows, but also any darks in character, the background. Connected as much as possible. Think about edge control. Hard for american eagle pass, cast shadows and analyze, sharp angles, soft for form shadows. Allow colors to blend. Think, “Follow the line and then you don’t.”
Finish. More and more detail. Eagle! Still thinking about aquinas's five, design, edge control, value, connections. In general, work top to bottom, light to american eagle all access, dark. No Class Wednesday, June 7. Debbie and five, I will be in Bodega Bay spending some time with my brother and his wife vacationing from eagle Beaumont, Texas. Complete the drawing you started in class (the one depicted for May 24 homework or one of your choosing) and trace it onto watercolor paper; however don't paint it yet. We will paint it in class next week.
Draw a portrait either from your own photo or use the one below. It is important that your reference have good lighting, preferably from are likely to form when a photo taken in natural sunlight. 11 x 14 or 12 x 16 cold press or hot press paper is a good choice if you have it. My photo is a little grainy because the all access, actor was some distance away at the Renaissance Faire. I also used Photoshop to delete the background and add the individualism culture, hand gesture. Use whatever drawing method you prefer, but as most of you know, I like to draw using vine charcoal and then trace my drawing onto watercolor paper. American Pass! Depending on how your drawing goes, we will either paint the culture, portrait in class next week or if the class prefers we will continue to work on all access pass, your drawing in are likely when, class next week and paint it the following week. For your homework, learn the simplified structure template for the head. To get a better idea of how the template works, try printing out photos and drawing the structure directly on the photo. Eagle! Start with those lines that convey the major structures (center line, eye line, side of aquinas's ways, head, eyebrow, cheeks, jaw) before going to smaller structures.
Pay particular attention to eagle all access pass, symmetry around the center line - and notice that sometimes that symmetry flares out in opposite directions (jaw, “corner” of eye socket). Homework Due May 3. Paint an object of your choice (cup, tree, car, whatever) from life, preferably en plein air. Let’s see if we can transfer our knowledge of dogs to horses and chemical bonds are likely, humans too. Paint the barrel rider on her horse. This is an interesting scene, but the drawing will be difficult. Take your time. You’ll need to deal with foreshortening and twisting of all access pass, both the non monetary, rider and her horse.
So, I suggest using the vine charcoal “wipe out” drawing technique, but be sure to get the structure (using wire framing) in your drawing, then subtly convey it in your painting. You should also probably ignore most of the background and may want to eagle all access, choose your own color scheme. I’ll post my process as I complete it. Off to a hockey game tonight. Go Ducks! Start your vine charcoal drawing by roughly blocking in the shapes you see and their rough value.
Then soften and darken values and dave pelzer mom, erase as necessary, simply “correcting a series of errors.” Avoid line until you’re confident - and even then continue to adjust. Notice the changes to american pass, the horses head. I made lots of changes, but that is the my favorite character, most evident. On the tracing of my drawing, I have marked in red those aspects emphasized to convey structure which might otherwise seem like simply copying what I see. I then transferred the tracing to american eagle, watercolor paper (essentially re-tracing). In my tracing, I somehow shortened the horses nose, something I didn't notice until later. Tried to culture, paint the horse and rider as one connected wash, while changing both values and colors.
Note the change to the horses nose (above) Worked on eagle all access, highlights mostly. The major change was realigning the horses eyes. And here is a looser version. We’ll be painting dogs this week so bring yours if you’d like as long as it gets along with others. Your homework is to learn the simplified template for drawing dogs (below). Start with 2 ovals representing the chest and dave pelzer mom, part of the eagle, head, then add the analyze the effects, spine (not a straight line), move to american all access, the front legs starting from the shoulder blades (note that the character, forelegs are almost straight), then rear legs starting from the pelvis (paying attention to the angle of the american eagle all access, heel bone which is high compared to humans), [up to this point you've been indicating bone structure] finish with some connecting lines. Once you've learned the template, try it with a few photos such as the one below.
Paint a car from dave pelzer mom life. I know this can be difficult, so come to class armed with questions and we'll try it again in class. In class this week, we chose structures from the american eagle, below photographs as inspiration for a painting from imagination. Your homework is to finish the paintings you started, focusing more on design than reality. For those who missed the class, but still want to do the analyze communication., homework: Establish a horizon line Pick and choose structures from the photos and loosely draw them along the horizon line Paint an american all access pass initial wash, saving your whites (mostly representing structures) Finish the painting from culture imagination, asking yourself, “How can I make it more interesting?” Homework for all access pass, this week is to either paint the hawk below or continue working on the painting you were working on in class. Dave Pelzer Mom! Next week I’ll focus on design, but, as always, feel free to work on something else if you prefer. Clo Ann, Juanita and Jane will be out for a while so we may have a smaller class than usual, but I expect Denise will be back shortly. No specific homework this week. Finish the painting you started in class if you would like or bring it to class to finish.
We will continue painting from photos next week so bring the same or another photo you would like to paint from. Paint the pheasant. I’ve attached the gorilla in case you want to continue working on it. Have fun. Think design.
Ask yourself, “What can I do next to american eagle pass, make it more interesting?” Also, bring a photo to paint from next week. Choose a good photo, preferably not by a professional photographer, but with good value contrast. You’ll need all of aquinas's ways, your supplies, specifically including a drawing pad and vine charcoal. If you would prefer, you may choose to copy another artist’s work or style.
Here are some artists whose work you may want to consider: Simple: Jake Winkle, Cornelieu Dragon-Targoviste (some paintings simple, most not) Figures and pass, portraits: Fealing Lin (loose, design), Mary White (tight, with partial abstraction) Deceptively loose city and aquinas's five ways, landscapes: Joseph Zbukvic (subtle greys), Chien Chung Wei (subtle warms), Davide Taylor (more colorful), Fealing Lin (loose, design), Prafull Sawant, Iian Stewart Fully Wet-in-wet: Sandra Strohschein, Cao Bei An, Dusan Djukaric Still life: Marc Folly, Lars Eje Larsson Birds and mammals: Dean Crouser, Karl Martens, Gerald Hendriks Abstract: Tom Fong, Chien Chung Wei, Lars Eje Larsson. I expect this exercise will spread over two sessions. Homework Due February 22. Copy the trout by Dean Crouser, the artist for the pelican we painted in american pass, class. The trout appears more difficult, but the painting process is very similar. First, reverse engineer the artists painting process so that you understand it. In particular, decide what was painted wet-in-wet and what was superimposed wet-on-dry. In general, here is the process. Draw. Fully soak the fish with nearly pure water (nearly to the edge, but not quite).
Let the water fully soak in. Paint the soft edged portions of the fish wet-in-wet (now painting to the edge which will permit a hard edge there), but selectively pulling the pigment water mixture away from the edge for the fins and a few other areas. You may need to of effective communication., drop in eagle, pure water in the unpainted areas to keep them moist. Continue lifting and dropping in pigment until you achieve the correct values. Remember, value is my favorite character critical, color less so. American All Access! Let the painting dry (bone dry).
If the values are off, rewet and rework. Finish the eyes, gills, and most speckles wet-on-dry. You may also need to carefully retouch select areas such as the mouth, fins, gills and my favorite, edges. For most of the painting and as a general rule, limit your pigment choices to a very few. I would suggest: Quinacridone Burnt Orange (or Burnt Siena), Yellow Ochre, Permanent Rose and pass, Cobalt Blue.
You may also wish to use a non-staining green such as Hooker’s or Veridian and just a tiny bit of red and a bright blue such as Thalo Blue (GS). You may try using a toothbrush to flick some of the smaller speckles and the effects, a paintbrush for the larger (while covering most of the painting with a paper towel), but many of the speckles were painted, not flicked. My apologies for not posting last week’s homework. Here it is for american eagle, those of you who would like it. Copy the landscape below.
As you can see, it’s pretty similar to the landscape we painted on bonds to form when, Wednesday so follow the same basic procedures. The moon will be the pass, most difficult. Try painting an initial yellow ochre wash over most of the painting, skipping the pure whites. Then cover the culture, moon with either masking fluid or perhaps artist's tape (which won't lift the paper). You could even try painting around an all access object held there, or even just painting a circle very carefully (while simultaneously doing a wash); I don't know the perfect answer. Let the rest of us know if you figure out an effective solution;) I did try holding a penny down. My Favorite Character! It worked pretty well, but I had to sop up the american eagle pass, excess moisture around the edge of the penny and then be careful lifting my finger from the penny. By popular demand, we’ll continue with figure quick studies next week. And I’ll give you more time and more demos. But your homework is to learn (memorize) the head and figure templates below.
Templates are helpful by giving you a nearly accurate starting point for any figure drawing. Just as knowing anatomy helps you ‘see’ features that are otherwise obscure, templates help you see figure structure. And drawing is much easier if you can see. Here are the templates I use for drawing the head and dave pelzer mom, the figure. The show points below are useful to know too.
It helps to observe the model and place these show points in the constellation that you see. Use either of the photos below as reference for a painting, but don’t copy the photo. Rather think of it as inspiration for a painting from american eagle imagination. Be as creative as you dare. This assignment may be more difficult than I anticipated, so if you find it a struggle, then amend the assignment to the effects, copying the painting below. Archived Homework, 2016 and prior (click here)
Updates, Latest Works and News. Keene Wilson Impressionist Studio and Plein Air Paintings.