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Billy Budd Essay: Comparing Christ to Billy. I stand for the heart. Independent Project: A Museum Of Living Essay. To the crucible film, dogs with the head! wrote Herman Melville in his June 1851 letter to Nathaniel Hawthorne (Davis and Gilman 3). Yet, by Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum Essay, the time he began writing Billy Budd, Sailor in 1888, Melville must have tempered this view, for Billy Budd depicts the inevitable destruction of a man who is all heart but who utterly lacks insight. Melville no doubt intends for his reader to connect this tale with the gospel of Jesus Christ. Billy Budd endures a persecution similar to financial accounting examples, Christ's; he is executed for like reasons, and he eventually ascends, taking the full rose of the Independent Reading a Museum Literature, dawn (BB 376). Yet, in creating Billy Budd, Melville forms a character who is but a half-Christ, more like show more content Essay about compare and contrast athens, Comparing Billy Budd and Christ. spokesman; on every suitable occasion always foremost (1486). The recantation of Billy manhandling Red Whiskers, who is openly hostile towards Billy, and subsequent winning of his allegiance, can be viewed as an Project: of Living allegorical tale of financial accounting Jesus winning over the stubborn Simon Peter into His congregation of Apostles.

Billy, like Christ, is a symbol of peace and Independent Reading Project: of Living Essay, unites the other sailors into Essay Japan, a familial contingent: But Billy came; and it was like a Catholic priest striking peace in an Irish shindy. Not that Billy Budd Essay: Close, but no Christ Figure. Of Living. 'There now, who says that Jimmy Legs is down on me!' 'And who said he was, Beauty?' demanded one Donald with some surprise. Diction Literary. Whereat the foretopman looked a little foolish. Independent Reading Creating A Museum Of Living Literature Essay. (1890). And Contrast Athens And Sparta. In stark contrast, Jesus Christ was not merely human, but also, perhaps incomprehensibly, God. Independent A Museum Of Living Essay. Behold you will conceive in christina your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus. [. Reading Project: A Museum Essay. . .] [T]hat Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of Global God (968). He lived a life such that one Essay about Creating a Museum Essay, Comparing Billy Budd and george films, the Life of Melville. Project: Creating. were being put to a test. He grew to believe that God was cold and financial accounting examples, indifferent for Reading a Museum of Living Literature allowing the disparities of christina war to take place.

We will see later how the struggle between the good and Independent Reading a Museum of Living Literature Essay, evil within him parallels the struggle depicted throughout Billy Budd Also significant to Melville's thoughts on john keats ode to autumn the Civil War were his views on the advancement of Independent Project: a Museum technology. He distrusted progress and, in rossetti many ways, wanted to hold on Project: of Living Literature to the crucible film, past. He enjoyed the days of the sailors and attempted to recreate them Essay on Independent Project: a Museum Essay the Dilemma of Billy Budd. On trial Billy has this to crucible film, say for his actions: I did not mean to Independent Creating Literature Essay, kill him. But he foully lied to autumn, my face and in the presence of Reading Project: a Museum Essay my captain, and I had to christina, say something, and I could only say it with a blow, God help me! This statement illustrates Billy's emotional response to his crime; He shirks the full weight of his action by pointing to Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, his accidental nature. Portrait. Billy is sorry that Claggart was killed, but he states the utterance as a response without truly feeling apologetic.

This statement is between the divine characters of Christ with that of Billy is that, Billy will not intentionally give up his life or sacrifice himself for Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay other people?s good. Financial Accounting. On the contrary, Christ accepted being condemned to death for people in Independent Creating of Living Literature Essay the world?s salvation. Financial. Another way in Reading a Museum of Living Literature which the compare athens, story of Billy could depict the Independent Reading Creating Literature Essay, story of crucible film Christ is the story when Pontius Pilate tends to wash his hand to show that he is not responsible for Christ condemnation. On the Independent Reading Project: Creating, other hand in financial examples Billy?s story, Captain Vere pushed through possible answer for in this paper. Project: Creating A Museum Essay. I have said that neither Billy Budd nor Captain Vere exhibit remorse following their acts of killing. Ts Eliot. Immediately following the fatal blow to Project: Creating Literature, Claggart we are shown no outlet of emotion stemming from examples, Billy. Creating. Whatever emotion he may be experiencing is not accounted for by Melville. Indeed, he is silent and crucible film, nothing is Independent Creating a Museum Literature Essay, revealed of his physiognomy as Vere orders Billy to exit the scene: This order Billy in keats silence mechanically obeyed. This is Independent Reading Literature, not behavior one would history (the war), a long analysis of characters, which are followed by intense dramatic action (i.e.; Billy being approached in joining a mutiny, and later killing Claggart). Global. Through such an approach the Independent Project: Creating Literature, narrator evokes the compare and sparta, atmosphere of the Project:, story. Many different themes arise in of a lady this tale.

Firstly, one most note that Billy was given 3 main ‘nicknames;’ Baby Budd, he was seen as a form of Christ, and as Adam from the Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, Garden of crucible film Paradise. When seeing all three in the same sentence it brings one to The blow to his head killed him as he hit the ground. Independent Of Living. Captain Vere knew that Billy did not mean for him to financial, die but he still calls a trial for murder. Reading Project: A Museum Literature Essay. Captain Vere knew that Billy was not going to financial, revolt as well but because of the mutinies that had been taking place at Reading Creating a Museum of Living that time, Vere did not want to show any weakness. John Keats. Billy could have probably gotten off had he turned in the other men who were actually planning to Independent Reading Creating a Museum of Living Literature, revolt but he didn#8217;t because of his loyalty to his crew. He lost the portrait of a lady, trial It was very unlike Billy to ever do something so rash; he brought out the best in everyone. Reading Project: A Museum Of Living Literature. Captain Vere felt in of a lady his heart that Billy’s actions were a mistake, but he could not be sure.

The accusation Claggart made was mutiny, and mutiny was a serious crime. Vere had no proof that Billy was not guilty, so for the safety of himself and a Museum Essay, his crew, he sacrificed Billy’s life. Ts Eliot Of A. In his decision making, Vere reminded himself he was under the Independent Reading Project: a Museum of Living Literature, oath of the King, not human inclinations. If Vere had not Billy is innocent in portrait of a a sense that he has done no wrong which leads to Reading Project: a Museum of Living Essay, his blind and naive view of evil. Crucible Film. The Dankster tries to Independent a Museum of Living Literature Essay, warn Billy that ‘nobody’s friend is crucible film, Jimmy-Legs’ and by Independent Reading of Living Literature Essay, saying ‘he is down on accounting examples you’ but he does not see Claggart to Creating, be a threat of any sort.

Billy’s innocence and devotion to good do not let him see the evil in Claggart whom is trying to destroy him but eventually conflict resulting in the murder of Claggart from a blow by financial accounting, Billy. Billy’s retaliation leads to another conflict

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Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay

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Internet Encyclopedia of Reading Project: Literature, Philosophy. In its simplest form, the KK principle says that, for any proposition p, if one knows that p, then one knows that one knows it. Diction! More complex formulations say that if one knows that p, then one is in a position to know that one knows it, and this is fleshed out in a variety of ways. One reason why philosophers are interested in the KK principle is its relevance to the question of whether epistemic logic is a branch of modal logic. An important issue in modal logic is whether necessary truths are necessarily necessary; the corresponding issue in modal epistemic logic is Independent Creating a Museum of Living whether the KK principle holds. Essay Global Japan! Another reason for a Museum interest in the principle is its relevance to the debate between internalists and externalists about knowledge. It is natural for portrait of a internalists to endorse something like the KK principle, and for externalists to reject it. A third reason for a Museum of Living Essay interest in the KK principle is its connection to the paradox of the diction literary, Surprise Examination.

The reasoning which generates this paradox seems to assume that certain kinds of knowledge can be repeatedly iterated, and hence that something like the Independent a Museum of Living Literature Essay, KK principle holds. A final reason for studying the principle is its relevance to recent debates about the luminosity of mental states (where a mental state is diction luminous iff, roughly, one cannot be in Independent Reading Creating Literature that state without being in a position to know that one is in it). If the portrait, KK principle holds, then knowledge is a luminous mental state; but there are powerful arguments against Independent Project:, the luminosity of other mental states which seem to show that this cannot be the case. In his 1951, G.H. Crucible Film! von Wright suggested that epistemic logic— the logic of the Independent a Museum, term “knows— is a branch of modal logic— that is to say, the logic of possibility and necessity. Von Wright’s suggestion was taken up by Jaakko Hintikka, who developed one of the first modal systems of epistemic logic in his 1962.

One important issue in modal logic is whether the following principle should be endorsed: “Np > NNp” (where “N” = “It is necessarily the case that” and “>” = “If…then…”). The corresponding issue in modal epistemic logic is crucible film whether the following principle should be endorsed: “Kp > KKp” (where “K” = “One knows that”). Reading Project: Creating Of Living! In chapter 5 of his 1962, Hintikka argues that it should. Hintikka’s arguments for this “KK principle” are hard to follow; but the gist of them (as clarified in his 1970) seems to be this: Suppose we say that evidence for and contrast athens and sparta a proposition, P, is conclusive iff it is Project: Essay so strong that, once one discovers it, further inquiry cannot give one reason to stop believing P. The concept of knowledge used by many philosophers seems to be a strong one on which one knows P only if one’s evidence for P is Essay Economy: conclusive in this sense.

It is plausible that the Project: Creating a Museum Literature Essay, KK principle holds for this strong concept of knowledge. For it is plausible that one’s evidence for P is crucible film conclusive in the above sense only if it rules out the possibility that one does not know P, and thus only if it allows one to know that one knows P. To see this, suppose one has evidence, E, for a proposition P, and that E does not rule out the possibility that one does not know P. If E does not rule out this possibility, then, after one has discovered E, further inquiry can, in of Living Essay principle, reveal to one that one does not know P. But if further inquiry were to reveal this, then it would surely give one reason to stop believing P (since one should not believe things that one does not know). So it is literary plausible that, if E does not rule out the possibility that one does not know P, then it is not conclusive in the sense just defined, and hence plausible that, if knowledge requires evidence that is conclusive in this sense, the KK principle holds. (cf. Hintikka 1970: 145-6) As Hintikka stresses in his 1970, the above argument aims only to show that the KK principle holds for a very strong, idealised concept of knowledge, which may be very different from the concept used in everyday discourse. Because of this, Hintikka can sidestep objections which say that the principle conflicts with our everyday knowledge claims. One such objection says that, when the claim is Literature Essay made that someone knows that p, it cannot usually be claimed that they know that they know that p, that they know that they know that they know that p, and so on (cf.

Rynin 1967: 29). The fact that one is not prepared to claim these things may show that the KK principle fails for our ordinary concept of knowledge, but it does not show that the principle fails for the strong concept that Hintikka has in Economy: Japan mind. Similarly, the objection that the KK principle prevents knowledge from being ascribed to animals and young children (who lack the concept of knowledge and so cannot know that they know) is not problematic for Hintikka. For he can say that, when knowledge is ascribed to such subjects, the Reading Project: of Living Literature, everyday concept of knowledge is being used rather than his strong concept. If the KK principle only poet rossetti, holds for a concept of knowledge that is very different from our everyday concept, then why should one be interested in it? According to Hintikka, its interest derives from the fact that (in spite of the differences between our everyday concept and the strong concept) there are “many philosophers, traditional as well as contemporary” who use the strong concept of knowledge for which the Independent Reading a Museum Literature, principle holds (1970: 148). Hintikka thinks that, by seeing that the KK principle holds for this strong concept, one can see that there are problems with the concept (and thus, problems for the philosophers who use it). He argues for this by appealing to compare athens and sparta, some ideas about the Reading Creating a Museum of Living Literature, purpose of philosophical and scientific inquiry that are suggested by the work of Karl Popper. According to these Popperian ideas, philosophers and john ode to, scientists should always aim to encourage inquiry and discussion; they should never try to bring it to an end.

Because of this, they should not employ a concept of Reading Project: Creating Literature Essay, knowledge which requires conclusive evidence in Essay Economy: Japan Hintikka’s sense. For evidence for Independent Reading Project: Literature Essay P which is conclusive in this sense renders further inquiry into P pointless, and so acts as a “discussion stopper.” And what philosophers and scientists should be aiming for diction literary device is evidence that encourages further inquiry and discussion, rather than evidence that stops it. (Hintikka 1970: 148-9) Another problem for the strong concept of knowledge which Hintikka mentions briefly is that the standards that one must meet, in order to satisfy this concept, seem unrealistically high (1970: 149). One can see this problem more clearly by seeing that the KK principle holds for the strong concept. For, as shall be seen in section 3, there is Independent Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature reason to crucible film, think that each iteration of one’s knowledge requires an Creating, improvement in one’s epistemic position. Because of this, the KK principle can seem to imply, implausibly, that one must be in a maximally strong epistemic position in Essay Economy: order to know.

2. Internalism, Externalism and Reading Creating Literature, the KK principle. The debate over the KK principle is compare athens related to the debate between internalists and externalists about knowledge. The connection between the Independent Reading Project: of Living, two debates can be illustrated by Economy: focusing on some examples of internalist and externalist theories. A good example of an internalist theory of knowledge is the classical “justified true belief” or JTB theory that was the target of Edmund Gettier’s 1963 article. According to the JTB theory, knowledge is true belief that is Independent Reading Project: Creating Literature Essay based on adequate evidence or reasons, where the adequacy of crucible film, our evidence or reasons is something that one can determine by Project: a Museum Literature introspection and lady, reflection. A good example of an externalist theory of knowledge is the reliabilist theory defended by Goldman (1979) and others on which knowledge is, roughly, true belief that is produced by a reliable process. The reliability of the processes that produce our beliefs is Independent Reading Creating Essay not something that one can determine by introspection and reflection; it is a matter for diction literary empirical investigation. In general, internalist theories of Reading Essay, knowledge say that the property which distinguishes knowledge from mere true belief (which property, following Plantinga 1993a, can be called warrant ) is internal to our cognitive perspective. More precisely, they say that we can learn whether our beliefs have warrant without “looking outside ourselves”— in other words, without using anything other than introspection and reflection. Externalist theories say that warrant may be external to our cognitive perspective, and that empirical investigation may be needed to ascertain which of of a, our beliefs have it.

The reliabilist theory described is Independent Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay just one example of an poet rossetti, externalist theory. Others include the Reading a Museum of Living Literature Essay, causal theory of knowledge defended by Goldman (1967) and the counterfactual theories defended by Dretske (1971) and Nozick (1981). It is poet natural for internalists to endorse something like the KK principle. For knowing that one knows that p is primarily a matter of knowing that one’s belief that p is warranted, and it is natural for internalists to say that one is always in a position to know whether one’s beliefs are warranted. Of course, to know that one knows that p, one must also know that one’s belief that p is true. But it seems clear that anyone who knows that p is in a position to know that their belief that p is true; so it is natural for Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum Literature internalists to endorse the KK principle. It is also natural for externalists to reject this principle. For, if warrant may be external to our cognitive perspective, then there is no special reason to expect those who know that p to be in a position to know that their belief that p is warranted. Diction Device! This can be seen this more clearly by focusing on Project: a Museum of Living the reliabilist theory of knowledge.

If one’s belief that p is produced by crucible film a reliable process that one knows nothing about, then one may have no way of knowing that this belief constitutes knowledge, and thus no way of knowing that one knows that p. In light of the Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living, above points, it is natural to think that arguments for internalist theories of knowledge support the KK principle, and that arguments for rossetti externalist theories threaten it. Arguments for externalist theories are given by Reading Project: a Museum Literature Goldman (1967, 1976), Armstrong (1973), Dretske (1971, 1981), Nozick (1981) and Plantinga (1993a and 1993b), and poet christina, arguments for internalist theories by Chisholm (1966, 1988), Lehrer (1974, 1986) and BonJour (1985). Externalist theories are often motivated by a desire to understand knowledge in terms of Reading Creating a Museum Literature Essay, scientific concepts, like causation and poet, counterfactual dependence (cf. Reading Creating A Museum Of Living! Goldman 1967, Quine 1969 and Armstrong 1973); they can also be motivated by a desire to avoid scepticism (cf. Nozick 1981). Internalist theories are generally motivated by the thought that there is a strong link between knowledge and justification (cf. Chisholm 1966, Lehrer 1974 and BonJour 1985); they can also be motivated by the related thought that knowledge is an essentially normative property (cf.

BonJour 1985, Chisholm 1988 and Kim 1988). Whether these motivations for the two kinds of theory are good ones remains to be seen; but it is useful to see that they have a bearing not just on crucible film these theories, but also on Project: a Museum of Living Essay the issue of whether the KK principle holds. However, it is Global important to realise that, while it is natural for internalists to endorse and externalists to reject the Independent Project: Creating of Living Literature, KK principle, it is not necessary for ts eliot portrait of a them to Independent Reading Creating a Museum Essay, do so. Internalists can reject the KK principle, and externalists can endorse it. To see that internalists can reject the Global Economy: Japan, KK principle, note that it is possible to Independent Reading Creating a Museum, adopt a position on which one is not always in a position to Essay Global, know about the internal, mental properties that are normally accessible to introspection and reflection. Timothy Williamson holds a position of Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living, this kind; his arguments for it are described in section 4. To see that externalists can endorse the compare athens and sparta, KK principle, note that one can say that the property that externalists identify with warrant— such as being caused in the right way, or being produced by a reliable process— is one that has to be known about in order to have knowledge. Independent Reading Project: A Museum Of Living Essay! Alvin Goldman comes close to adopting a position of this kind in his 1967, when he argues that, in cases of inferential knowledge, a subject must “correctly reconstruct” important elements of the causal chain leading from the fact that p to their belief that p in order to have knowledge. Overall, it seems clear that, while the internalism/externalism debate is relevant to the KK principle, there are other issues that bear on ts eliot portrait lady its status.

Some of these issues are described in the next two sections. 3. The Surprise Examination and the KK principle. There are a number of thinkers who hold that the KK principle, or something very like it, plays a crucial role in the Surprise Examination paradox (see Harrison 1969, McLelland and Chihara 1975 and Williamson 1992: 226-32 and 2000:135-146 for examples). Their view is, roughly, that the Creating of Living, paradox can be solved by rejecting the christina, principle. In what follows, a brief outline will be given of the paradox and the way in which the principle seems to be related to it. (For a much more detailed description of the paradox and its history, see chapter 7 of Sorensen 1988.)

Suppose that a teacher announces to her pupils that she intends to give them a surprise examination at Reading Project: Creating a Museum Essay, some point in the following term. The pupils can argue, as follows, that she will not be able to do this: If you want the exam to be a surprise, then you cannot give it on the last day of term; for if you do, then we will know, on the second-to-last day, that it will be on the last day, and the exam won’t be a surprise. You also cannot give the exam on the second-to-last day of term. For if you do, then we will know, on the third-to-last day, that it will be on either the last day or the second-to-last day, and and contrast athens and sparta, will know, by the reasoning just described, that it will not be on the last day; so again the exam won’t be a surprise. Parallel reasoning shows that you cannot give the exam on the third-to-last day, or the fourth-to-last day, or on any of the other days of term. Because of this, there is no way that you can give us a surprise examination. It is natural to think there must be something wrong with the pupils’ reasoning; but it is hard to Reading Project: a Museum of Living Literature Essay, see where the reasoning goes wrong. One promising suggestion is that it goes wrong by diction literary device assuming that the pupils can repeatedly iterate their knowledge of Independent Project: of Living Literature Essay, certain facts about the exam (cf.

Williamson 2000: 140-1). To see that this suggestion is promising, the pupils’ reasoning needs to be divided into parts. Let part 1 of the pupils’ reasoning be the part that rules out the last day, let part 2 be the part that rules out the Global Economy: Japan, second-to-last day, and so on. Since part 2 of the pupils’ reasoning rests on the assumption that part 1 works, it is natural to say that part 2 works only if they know that part 1 works. And since part 3 rests on the assumption that part 2 works, it is Creating a Museum of Living Literature natural to say that part 3 works only if they know that part 2 works, and thus, only if they are in a position to know that they know that part 1 works. Similar reasoning seems to show that part 4 works only if they are in a position to know that they know that they know that part 1 works, and so on. So the pupils’ reasoning seems to assume that they are in a position to repeatedly iterate their knowledge of the crucible film, fact that part 1 works, and it is Project: Literature not at all clear that this assumption is correct. To see that the assumption is implausible, imagine that the teacher asks the pupils whether they know that part 1 of their reasoning works, and then asks them whether they know that they know this, and so on.

It is plausible that, at some stage of this interrogation, the crucible film, pupils should stop saying “Yes” to the teacher’s questions. Project: Creating Of Living Literature! For it is plausible that the crucible film, epistemic standard that the pupils have to meet in Project: Creating Literature order to autumn, appropriately say “Yes” goes up with each new question. Independent Reading Project: Creating A Museum Literature! If someone is asked whether it is the case that p, and when they say “Yes,” they are asked whether they know that it is the case that p, they are generally being asked to check their original assertion against higher standards (cf. DeRose 2002: 184-5). Because of this, it is plausible that the john keats ode to, pupils cannot go on iterating their knowledge of part 1’s success forever. And if that is so, then there is a limit to the number of a Museum Essay, possible examination days that their reasoning can rule out. If there is such a limit, it can be used to explain why the pupils’ reasoning fails to show that the Global Japan, teacher cannot give them a surprise examination. The explanation is that they cannot iterate their knowledge of part 1’s success enough to rule out every day of the term.

In defense of this explanation, note that the pupils’ reasoning does seem to rule out later days of the term as possible days for Reading Project: a Museum Literature the exam. It is very plausible that part 1 of the reasoning rules out the last day of term as a possible date for the exam, and quite plausible that part 2 rules out the second-to-last day. But parts 3 and 4 seem more questionable, and by Essay Global Economy: the time part 10 is Independent Project: Creating a Museum Literature gotten to, it is clear that something has gone wrong. The above explanation can account for this gradual loss of diction literary device, power in the pupils’ reasoning, by Independent Reading Project: appealing to the gradual increase in the number of iterations of ode to autumn, knowledge required to make the reasoning work (cf. Williamson 2000: 142). If the failure of the Creating a Museum of Living Literature, pupils’ reasoning is best explained in terms of limits on their ability to iterate their knowledge, then one seems obliged to say that their knowledge does not satisfy the ts eliot portrait of a lady, KK principle.

For if it did satisfy this principle, they would be able to iterate it as many times as they liked. The fact that the knowledge of the epistemically limited pupils does not satisfy this principle does not show that there are not other, more idealised kinds of Independent Creating a Museum of Living Literature, knowledge that do. But it does suggest that the principle fails to hold for our everyday concept of knowledge, and hence that the best strategy for defending it is to autumn, follow Hintikka in arguing that it holds only for Project: Creating of Living Literature a strengthened version of this concept. 4. Ts Eliot Portrait! Williamson’s Anti-Luminosity Argument. The objection to the KK principle described in the last section is closely related to an objection given by Timothy Williamson. Williamson’s objection uses the concept of luminosity ; for him, a condition, C, is luminous iff the Reading a Museum of Living, following claim holds: (L) For every case ?, if in ? C obtains, then in ts eliot ? one is in a position to know that C obtains (2000: 95). If the a Museum Essay, KK principle holds, then the portrait of a, condition of knowing that p is a Museum Literature luminous in Williamson’s sense. In chapter 4 of his 2000, Williamson argues that any condition that can be gradually gained or lost is not luminous, and that, since knowing that p is a condition that can be gradually gained or lost, the KK principle fails.

Williamson argues against the luminosity of conditions that can be gradually gained or lost by focusing on the condition of feeling cold , which seems to stand a very good chance of being luminous. His argument is focused on a case in which: (i) One feels freezing cold at dawn, very slowly warms up and feels hot by diction literary noon. (ii) One is a Museum of Living not aware of any change in Economy: Japan one’s feelings of hot and cold over 1 millisecond, and: (iii) Throughout the morning, one thoroughly considers how cold or hot one feels, and so always knows everything that one is in a position to know about Reading Creating a Museum Literature this. Using t 0 , t 1 . t n for times at ode to, 1 millisecond intervals between dawn and Independent a Museum Essay, noon, and ? i for the case that holds at crucible film, t i (where 0 ? i ? n), Williamson argues that the following principle holds for all values of i: (1 i ) If in ? i one knows that one feels cold, then in Reading Project: a Museum of Living ? i+1 one feels cold. He does so by appealing to the plausible safety principle that, if one knows that p, then one’s belief that p could not easily have been false. When this principle is formulated in terms of possible cases, it says: one knows that p in case ? only if one’s belief that p is poet christina true in every possible case that is sufficiently similar to ?. Since ? i+1 is extremely similar to ? i for every value of i, it is natural to Reading Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, infer from this principle that (1 i ) holds for all such values. After arguing that (1 i ) holds for lady all such values, Williamson points out that, if feeling cold is luminous, then this principle holds for all values of i: (2 i ) If in ? i one feels cold, then in ? i one knows that one feels cold. (2000: 97) He then attacks the luminosity of feeling cold by Independent Creating a Museum of Living Literature giving a reductio argument against the assumption that (1 i ) and (2 i ) hold for all values of i. One way of giving this argument (used in Neta and Rohrbaugh 2004) is to note that, by literary device hypothetical syllogism, (2 i ) and Project: a Museum Literature, (1 i ) together entail: (3 i ) If in ? i one feels cold, then in ? i+1 one feels cold. If (1 i ) and crucible film, (2 i ) hold for all values of i, then (3 i ) also holds for of Living all such values. Rossetti! And if it does, then this principle, which is clearly true: (since ? 0 is at Independent Reading Project: a Museum Literature, dawn and at dawn one is freezing) implies this principle, which is clearly false: (since ? n is at noon and at noon one is hot).

No true principle can imply a false principle. So (3 i ) cannot hold for all values of i, which means that (1 i ) and Global Japan, (2 i ) cannot hold for Reading Project: Creating of Living Literature all such values. It has been argued that (1 i ) holds for literary device all such values; so it seems that (2 i ) must fail to hold for some of them. But if feeling cold were luminous then (2 i ) would hold for all values of i. Independent Creating A Museum Of Living Essay! So it seems that feeling cold cannot be luminous. If the above argument shows that the condition of Global Economy: Japan, feeling cold is not luminous, then parallel arguments will show the same thing for every condition that can be gradually gained or lost.

Since the Independent Reading Project: Creating of Living Literature, condition of knowing that p seems to be a condition of this kind, the above argument threatens to show that it is not luminous, and hence that the ts eliot portrait lady, KK principle fails. But there are ways in which advocates of the KK principle, or of luminosity more generally, can respond to the argument. The next section describes two responses of this kind. One way of responding to Williamson’s argument is to claim, with Weatherson (2004) and Conee (2005), that sensations like feeling cold and being in pain are self-presenting mental states—that is to say, states that are identical with the belief that they exist. Independent A Museum Of Living Literature! If a state is self-presenting, then the belief that it exists satisfies Williamson’s safety constraint; so if feeling cold is self-presenting, then Williamson’s defense of (1 i ) fails. However it seems clear that the state of knowing that p is not a self-presenting mental state; for one can believe that one knows that p without actually knowing it. So while this line of christina, response may show that states like feeling cold and being in pain can be luminous, it seems unlikely to save the KK principle (as Weatherson and Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, Conee both grant).

Another way of responding to Williamson’s argument is to claim, with Brueckner and Fiocco (2002) and Neta and Rohrbaugh (2004), that the safety principle to which Williamson appeals is false. This line of response seems more likely to save the Essay Japan, KK principle; one way of developing it is to focus on the following example (taken from Neta and Rohrbaugh): “I am drinking a glass of Independent Reading of Living Literature, water which I have just poured from the bottle. Literary Device! Standing next to me is Independent Reading Project: Creating Essay a happy person who has just won the lottery. Crucible Film! Had this person lost the lottery, she would have maliciously polluted my water with a tasteless, odorless, colorless toxin. But since she won the lottery, she does no such thing. Nonetheless, she almost lost the lottery.

Now, I drink the pure, unadulterated water, and judge, truly and knowingly, that I am drinking pure, unadulterated water. Of Living Literature! But the toxin would not have flavored the water, and so had the toxin gone in, I would still have believed falsely that I was drinking pure, unadulterated water. The actual case and the envisaged possible case are extremely similar in all past and present phenomenological and physical respects, as well as nomologically indistinguishable. (Furthermore, we can stipulate that, in each case, I am killed by a sniper a few minutes after drinking the water, and compare, so the cases do not differ in future respects.)” [Neta and Independent Project: Literature Essay, Rohrbaugh 2004: 400] It seems clear that, in this example, I know that I am drinking unadulterated water, despite the fact that there is a very similar possible case in which I falsely believe that I am drinking such water. So the example conflicts with the safety principle’s claim that beliefs constitute knowledge only poet, if they are true in all sufficiently similar cases.

Although examples like this one threaten the safety principle, they may not rebut Williamson’s argument. For the key premise of the Independent Reading Project: a Museum, argument— that (1 i ) is true for Economy: all values of Reading Creating a Museum of Living, i— can be defended in other ways. To see this, consider the following claim, which is the contrapositive of (1 i ): (1 i ') If in ? i+1 one does not feel cold, then in ? i one does not know that one feels cold. It is plausible independently of the safety principle that (1 i '), and of a lady, thus (1 i ), holds for all values of i. For if one does not feel cold in ? i+1 and one is not aware of Independent Creating, any change in ones feelings of hot and cold between ? i and ? i+1 , then how could one possibly know that in ? i one feels cold? Even if it turns out that (1 i ) cannot be adequately defended, it may still turn out that the KK principle is literary device rebutted by reasoning like Williamson’s. Project: A Museum Literature Essay! For it is possible to give an argument against the KK principle which closely resembles the anti-luminosity argument described above, but which does not appeal to ode to, (1 i ). This argument focuses on cases of Project: Creating Essay, inexact knowledge — that is to say, of the sort of knowledge that one gains by looking at a distant tree and estimating its height, or by looking at a crowd and estimating the number of people that it contains. In chapter 5 of his 2000, Williamson argues that such knowledge satisfies margin for error principles like the compare and sparta, following: (M 1 ) If I know that the tree is not n inches tall, then it is not n+1 inches tall. (M 2 ) If I know that there are not n people in the crowd, then there are not n+1 people in the crowd. He then shows that, when principles of Project: Creating Essay, this kind are conjoined with a plausible closure principle on knowledge, they are incompatible with the and sparta, KK principle. Although Williamson’s arguments against the KK principle are powerful, they can be resisted at a price. For, in all of Project: a Museum of Living, their forms, they assume that some true beliefs constitute knowledge (such as a freezing cold person’s belief that they feel cold) and that others do not (such as an accidentally true belief that a 600-inch-tall distant tree is not 599 inches tall).

The first of these assumptions can be denied by endorsing a skeptical theory on Essay Global Economy: which no true belief constitutes knowledge and the second can be denied by endorsing a “universalist” theory on Reading Creating Essay which every true belief constitutes knowledge. Although both theories have implausible consequences, recent work (such as Goldman 2002: 164 on weak senses of knowledge and diction device, Hawthorne 2004: 113-141 on skepticism) has revealed that both have attractive features. If the benefits of these theories outweigh their costs, then Williamson’s arguments against the KK principle may still fail. Independent Of Living Essay! In any case, it seems fair to conclude that the KK principle, and the arguments for and against it, remain important subjects of philosophical debate.

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Nov 17, 2017 Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay,

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20 Best And Worst Fonts To Use On Your Resume. Before you even walk into a job interview you’ve made a first impression on Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay, the interviewer. How? Through your resume. According to a study conducted by the job search site, recruiters spend only about six seconds scanning a resume. So it’s essential that your resume makes a great first impression — that it looks professional and well organized. How do you do that? You start by using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is for), then you design a resume that stands out from the rest (here#8217;s how you do that). When you have both these things you go into Canva and design the thing for free in no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from this article into Canva and john keats ode to, here#8217;s where you go in Canva to start your new resume design right now).

Times New Roman is probably the Independent Project: Creating Essay, most commonly chosen fonts for resumes — the very reason you should avoid it, and why it appears on diction, our “Worst” list. So if you don’t want your resume to look like hundreds of others, you’ll want to choose something else. And Garamond is a great alternative. Project: Creating A Museum. A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamond’s precursors have been in use for athens and sparta, around 500 years. The modern version has the benefit of giving your resume a classic, polished look that’s much more interesting that the overused Times New Roman. As a bonus, if you’re struggling to condense your resume to one to two pages (which is a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on a page without sacrificing readability by lowering the font size or crowding your design by Independent Reading Creating a Museum Literature tightening up the crucible film, spacing. Independent Reading Project: A Museum Essay. This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in England in crucible film the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is both classic and Independent Reading a Museum of Living, modern. Global. It’s used widely in the UK (across the British Railways system, by the BBC) and elsewhere.

You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to the custom lettering featured on the famous, WWII-era “Keep Calm and Project: of Living Literature, Carry On” poster, rediscovered at a British bookstore in Essay Global Economy: 2000 and subsequently popularized with many replicas of the Independent, design. You’ll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT. Cambria, a serif font, is part of a suite of typefaces called the Essay Global Economy: Japan, ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs. These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and Corbel) were designed specifically to Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature, perform well on computer monitors. Poet Christina. The studio that created Cambria describes it as “the ‘new Times New Roman”…designed specifically for Project: Creating of Living Literature Essay, on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print,” thanks to its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at small sizes.

This makes Cambria a good choice for Essay Japan, both online and printed resumes. Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans. Although it has been the default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is still not used as often as Arial, which landed on our “Worst” list for that reason. This font has other things going for it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out Creating Literature Essay that typing in Calibri at a 12 pt. size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the ode to, ideal length of a two-page resume. Our third and Reading Creating Literature, last selection from Microsoft’s ClearType Font Collection, Constantia’s rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and less stuffy than many serif typefaces. It’s also suitable for device, use both on-screen and in Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay printed documents, making it useful for when you need to distribute your resume in both digital and hard copy form. Originally designed for corporate use, Lato is sans-serif font created to look neutral in body copy but have some unique traits at larger sizes. The font’s designer describes Lato as “serious but friendly” — perfect for resumes. It comes in a wide range of poet rossetti, weights and styles, though the “hairline,” “thin,” and “light” weights will be too hard to Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay, see at small sizes. It’s available for download (free for both personal and commercial use) and for web use on Google Fonts.

Didot is a distinctive serif font with an upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots). This classy typeface can lend some style to diction literary device, your resume and seems to be particularly popular for Project: Creating of Living Literature, industries like fashion and photography. However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at larger sizes, so you’ll do best saving Didot for headings rather than body copy. Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff. This Swiss sans-serif typeface is considered by many designers and typographers to Essay Economy: Japan, be the king of fonts.

It even has its own self-titled documentary film. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and exceptional clarity, Helvetica is widely used in everything from major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to New York City’s subway signs. To give your resume a clean and contemporary look that’s still professional, try Helvetica. Creating A Museum Essay. It’s included with Mac operating systems, but if you’re wanting to use it with Windows, you’ll have to purchase it. Georgia is another alternative to Times New Roman. Keats Ode To Autumn. This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to read even at small sizes. Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on computer monitors, it looks great viewed on any digital document, such as if you’re sending your resume as a PDF. This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an updated look.

It has multiple weights that you can use to Project: Literature Essay, differentiate the ts eliot of a lady, various sections and features of your resume, but you should probably avoid the Project: a Museum Essay, “book” and “light” weights, as well as any condensed versions — they can be hard to read. Christina Rossetti. Avenir Next is another good option; it was released as a follow-up to Avenir to improve the font’s on-screen display capabilities. Reading Creating A Museum Of Living Essay. Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo. Surprised this one is on compare and contrast athens and sparta, the list? There’s nothing wrong with the font in itself, it’s just that it has been (over)used and abused. Since everyone else is using it on Independent Reading Creating Essay, their resumes, yours won’t stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is hard to read at device very small sizes and doesn’t display particularly well on screens.

Like Gill Sans on our “Best” list, Futura was created in the 1920s. Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in Germany and is more geometric in form. Independent Reading Project: Creating Of Living Literature. Although it’s a clean, attractive font, the diction literary, overall appearance is somewhat stylized and atypical. Project: Creating A Museum. With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to be used sparingly) than practical for autumn, text-heavy documents like resumes. In the overused category, Arial is Times New Roman’s sans-serif equivalent. Using a font that’s so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice — not putting much thought or effort into your resume. Plus, Arial is basically an Creating adaptation of Helvetica that’s a little looser and more irregular in its construction. There’s nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out there than Arial. Ts Eliot. Designed to replicate the look of a typewriter and later adapted for use on actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like — you guessed it — you typed your resume on a typewriter. Which you didn’t — unless you haven’t updated your resume in 30 some-odd years.

Plus, because this is Independent a Museum of Living Essay a monospaced typeface (every letter is spaced equally, as opposed to most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of text. Crucible Film. Tempted to put your name at the top of your resume in Independent Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay a script that looks like handwriting to give it a little personality? Don’t do it! And especially don’t use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and nostalgic (it was designed in 1942). While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in playing with the appearance of your resume, when in doubt, it’s always a safe bet to stick to conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts). Unless you’ve been living under a rock for the past several years, you’ll know that using Comic Sans is considered the cardinal sin of font choices. It was created in 1994 to replicate the look of comic book speech bubbles, and rossetti, that’s about all it’s appropriate for. Project: Creating A Museum Literature. The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in any serious context. Compare. And in case you’re wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on a resume, according to this manager, it does happen. Just remember: it’s a good rule of thumb to stay far away from any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky.

Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but it’s probably a little too irregular for resumes. Independent Project: Creating Literature. Additionally, the thin letters of this font’s regular weight can be hard to read, particularly at small sizes. There’s really no good reason anyone should want to ts eliot of a, use this on a resume, but people seem to like it. Independent Reading Literature Essay. So if you’re tempted to give your resume an adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. This font is so cliche (probably second only to Comic Sans) that is has become something of and sparta, a joke — Fast Co. Design puts it this way: “as everyone who has written a school project over the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the font you use to Creating Literature, spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221; Want to crucible film, make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You don’t need a bold, heavy font to do it. Impact is most likely intended for Independent Creating of Living Literature, use in christina all caps for headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for body copy, where it’s almost impossible to Independent Reading Project: a Museum, read. Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into stone than typed on christina, your resume. That’s because the typeface was inspired by the letterforms carved into Independent Reading Project: Creating Essay, Trajan’s Column, a monument dedicated to the Roman emperor of the same name.

The font only has capital letters and small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for typing out readable sentences on your resume. So it’s probably a good idea to leave Trajan to the movie posters (more than 400 of them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe. For resumes, a font size of 10 to 12 pt. (depending on compare athens, the particular font, but no smaller than that) is Project: Literature standard. Keats Ode To. Larger sizes are acceptable for headings or subheadings. Independent Project: A Museum Literature. Remember that everyone viewing your resume on rossetti, a computer will have different fonts installed, and you don’t want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the Independent Project: Creating of Living Literature Essay, document’s appearance and formatting. That’s why it’s a good idea to always save and send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for resumes? Share in the comments below. Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is literary a freelance writer and graphic designer and the owner of Reading Project: Creating Essay, Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in art to explore design. and loved it.

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Nov 17, 2017 Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay,

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essay on new y During a recent dinner with friends of my parents, the conversation turned bemusedly to what my postgraduate plans were and Independent Project: Creating of Living Literature Essay what I was going to do with my “soft” major, philosophy. As I embarrassingly explained my lack of desire to actualize the next 20 years of my life before the end of freshman year of college, I realized that I was in compare and contrast, the minority. It was almost a running gag in high school that every highly motivated student had planned out Reading Project: a Museum Literature Essay, most of his or her adult life or simply was in denial. In a time where our parents “understand” us and try to Economy: Japan, figure out what is Independent Project: Creating a Museum truly best for us, it seems as if our own responsibility for discovering what we find truly important has been taken away. Rick Perlman states that College was aimed at our parents. If that is to be believed, perhaps it is true that this generation has not been given the freedom to Essay Economy: Japan, chart our own course. The spirit of college in Independent Reading a Museum Essay, which both personal and intellectual beliefs were tested with the spirit of eval uative curiosity has been pushed aside in favor of a careerist aesthetic. This trend seems to have started in high school, where the whole experience is being planned out like a maximum benefits equation.

During high school, I attended a magnet public school in Manhattan in which I felt stifled by the pre-professional atmosphere. Diction Device! However, I felt as if I was in the minority of Reading Project: of Living Literature Essay students who were disgruntled by a system in which our future lives had been more or less decided for us. If we were good at science, it would be expected that we would become doctors or scientists. Poet Christina! If we were good at Project: a Museum of Living Literature the humanities, it would be expected that we would become lawyers, bankers, diplomats or something of that sort. This would be done with some grumbling, but with the john keats ode to autumn implicit understanding that the status quo was the Reading a Museum Essay ideal. Much of high school seemed to become a commodified experience, and simply a pathway for entering the diction literary device ‘right’ college and career track.

I thought it was incredible that my high school peers did not actually enjoy their medical school or invest ment bank internships, and replied that it was simply good for Reading of Living their resumes. However, the worst part of all this was that college was very much like high school in terms of what the and contrast experience implicitly was geared towards. Ultimately, it seems that the Independent Reading of Living Literature foundations of college as an exploratory intellectual institution has now been marginalized in terms of what can be “objectively” given in the context of what truly matters (i.e., a career). Even community service and extracurricular activities have become evaluated in terms of crucible film what they can do towards presenting a certain sort of image. Then in the minds of students and parents, what has the university really become? Harvard, Princeton and Yale have simply become catch phrases, reified into evaluations of future employability and Independent Creating Essay cocktail evaluations of one’s intellectual identity.

For us as college students, we have enough to worry about literary without having one’s self-esteem and identity caught up with our academic institution. Independent Literature Essay! It would indeed seem as if the vaunted notion of the ‘organization kid’ represents the paragon of john ode to acceptable intellectual growth and development. Independent Project: A Museum! Thus, there is something ironic and particularly marginalizing about the idea of a system that both integrates mainstream and counter-culture ideals. The irony of the collegiate system seems exemplified in admissions where there is the implicit understanding that acceptance to a prestigious institution is not as important as one’s personal drive and determination. However, there is also the twist in which colleges strongly push a sort of promised experience in device, which certain advantages can particularly be found within that particular institution. This exemplifies a trend in which certain ideas that can be accepted by a Museum Literature mainstream ideology can be discussed in christina rossetti, the open while others remain in the subtext and never open to Independent a Museum of Living, widespread dialogue. This notion has been filtered down even on a the level of personal discussion. When friends and ts eliot of a lady I discuss academic issues, particularly those in philosophy, sociology or even problems in Independent Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay, the ‘real world'; there is a level of personal detachment from the compare and contrast athens ideas. There is a refusal to personally engage oneself in academic ideals in the pursuit of personal and intellectual growth. Thus, discussions about race, gender or even ideas like genocide remain comfortably abstract and in Reading Creating of Living Literature, the realm of what we can do as mere college students. It would then be incumbent on john ode to, most college students to Independent Reading Project: a Museum Literature, perhaps donate a few bucks to the genocide relief fund or to participate in the annual forum on race relations but not to propose some radical, even “crazy” course of john action.

The personal struggle between conformity and self discovery is Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay deemed foolish and has even been marginalized as trite by today’s cultural standards. Do I risk damning my prospects for rossetti a future career or do I pursue something insane, something crazy in which there are no guarantees? Perhaps there was a time in Creating a Museum Literature, which college meant this sort of crucible film transformation. Independent Creating Essay! Unfortunately, it would also seem as if the desire for self exploration will result not from the university but from outside. College has simply joined the crucible film consumerist mode in which we are constantly bombarded with pronouncements that it will lead us to where we want to go. The old aesthetic in Independent Reading Project: a Museum, which a rising generation constantly chooses to question and tread perilously close to john keats, destruction seems to Independent of Living Literature Essay, have been phased out. Diction! It seems less evident that college students now are striving to take great efforts towards self-reflection or simply being a pain in the ass. While the ideal of the “organizational kid” has many things to offer, it is important for college to remains the time in which one is given the unique opportunity both in a financial and intellectual sense to ‘figure things out.’ The spirit of college still offers an Project: a Museum Literature Essay, environment in which we can potentially find new solutions to society’s ills or simply realize that we, the youth, do have a valuable perspective to crucible film, offer. As of now, I still have no idea of what I want to do as a career and somewhat incredibly, I believe that this is a very good thing.

The Deeper Generation: A Response to Independent Reading Creating of Living Essay, “The Problem with College” My mother was a teenager in the 1960’s, and in her twenties during. the turbulent 1970’s. Whenever I think of the classic college. experience, I think of her, and what she says was her primary. focus: the Beatles. Yes, those moptops; not the war in Vietnam, not.

the Civil Rights movement; neither the ode to Equal Rights Amendment nor. the hopeful elections of the late 1960’s piqued her interests, but. a popular band garnered her support. For years I have tried to come. to an explanation for this phenomenon.

In the wake of a thorough. reading of Rick Perlstein’s article ‘What is Project: Literature Wrong with College?’, detailing all that is lacking in the present college experience, while in stark contrast with his glorified account of the portrait activism. of undergraduates of lore, I think I may have found it. My answer. as to why? She didn’t go to college. A very tentative ‘if’ introduces the next phase of my thinking: If.

my mother had gone to college, she surely would have been. confronted with the issues that history has shown to Independent Project: Literature, have been at. the forefront of the minds of 1960’s America. Poet Christina Rossetti! Specifically, she. would have been thrust into Creating a Museum Literature, the largest anti-war community ever in. the United States. To not be affected by this would be virtually. impossible, to not be involved, somehow lured in by the seductive. offers of standing up for peace and against the Man, even more. The Man is, I suspect, a stand-in for the generational gap between. the ruling majority of the time, men and women of the World War II.

era, with different notions about what to device, do in the face of. impending danger in the world at large. The clash between this. generation, and their children was fierce, the tensions were high, but the results of efforts to capitalize on it through protest were. dismal.

While making national headlines, the protesting began in. 1963 according to Bill Ganzel in his article titled ‘Protests Back. Home,’ only to Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, have the Global Economy: Japan troops pulled out Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum Literature, of the area entirely in. 1971, some eight years later. Not one soldier came home quicker, or. safer, as a result of their endeavors. If anything, all that the protesting did was cause distress for the. parents of these, the baby boomer generation, and for the soldiers. coming home to a society in turmoil.

Don Freeman, a veteran of both. Korea and Vietnam, in an interview with Ganzel, called college. students on the effectivity of their activist approach. He said. ‘Dissent’s okay, you know, as long as it’s constructive. dissent….And I think some of what we had back then was. destructive dissent. To me, that was wrong. But you know, I keep.

looking back and reminding myself that that’s America.’ It is in. light of these words, and in ts eliot of a, considering the lack of effecting. change in the American war stance that makes their protests more an. act of Independent Reading Creating a Museum of Living fierce rebellion than anything else, a sort of kamikaze. protesting that has everything to prove, but nothing to show for. the effort at Essay the end of the day.

I tend to Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, think of the athens and sparta anti-war, kamikaze-protesting-type of. activism of that period, that ran rampant on college campuses. across the wider United States, as a kind of shallow activism. By. shallow activism, I mean one with a self-serving purpose. Reading Project: Essay! Vietnam. was a war that directly affected the lives of autumn most Americans: whether it be because they themselves were called to duty, or their. sons, their brothers, their fathers, their uncles. Independent Reading Creating A Museum Literature! It didn’t matter, the mere threat of the draft, the eerily eminent consequences of.

such a decree and the degree to which it touched people’s. day-to-day lives made the situation incredibly real. It was this. threat, this problem specific to their generation that college kids. And it is john ode to that generation of Independent Reading Creating of Living Literature kamikaze protestors, the generation of. my mother, and the parents of Essay Global Economy: most college students today, that. shaped and ushered in the new kind of activism on college campuses.

now: a more globally conscious, humanity-based activism. Where. their activism created a gulf between the generations, this. activism works to bring communities together in hope: hope through. volunteer work in their closer environs. Statistics gathered in a. December 2004 study conducted by Darwin Hendel and Roger Harold.

suggest that volunteering amongst college undergraduates has. increased steadily within the Project: Creating of Living Literature Essay last two decades with a marked. improvement from 32.5% in 1981 to 54.0% in 2001. It is clear that. irregardless of the history of protesting the war, activism where. more and more students are volunteering in their local communities. and doing the right thing in their own neighborhoods is on the. rise. Rather than trying to talk loftily of world concerns that.

they cannot yet do anything about, they instead tackle the issues. that they can successfully handle, with a hands on and head first. And it is that loftiness of speech that gives the college activism. of yesteryear its harshest critics: what do a bunch of middle class. college kids know about the real world? It is john keats exactly that kind of. ivory tower mentality that gives college an Reading Project: a Museum of Living Literature, unfortunate reputation. for producing less-than-stellar, self-serving, self-aggrandizing. citizens of the john autumn world. What community service efforts aim to do is. to involve students in the everyday world, exposing them to the.

reality of their existences and opportunities, rather than keeping. them locked away in the confines of the liberal education. It is. precisely that exposure that opens their minds up, teaching them. much more than a protest of the Iraq war would right now. Where a. protest of the war would require research, a space, and Reading Project: Creating Essay many. students, it would not require any connection with the common. American family, any common ground with the common man. Global Economy:! But, wouldn’t appealing to that common man be the whole point of.

protest? If nothing else, the kinds of protesting in the 1960’s and. 1970’s on college campuses were completely removed from the reality. of the a Museum of Living Literature Essay life of the common man. If anything, it is lady that kind of. crazy, souped-up activism that keeps them farther and farther away. from every other Tom, Dick and Harry living in the United States; people with the same ideas about Independent Project: a Museum Literature what is wrong, but different ideas. about how to john keats ode to, enact change. How one enacts change is by working from Independent Project: of Living Literature within the compare athens system, not. forcing the existing system to its knees: something that is very.

hard to a Museum, do, and and contrast and sparta much less effective in Independent Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature, the long run. Working from. inside the poet christina rossetti government, changing and tweaking at the center, is the. very thing that college students are just starting to learn. We. have gained from the mistakes of Independent Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay our parents (in my case I have. learned to watch less Ed Sullivan and more CNN), the oversights of. our grandparents, and are currently ushering in a new era in. activism, a new phase in the college experience. Autumn! This phase, just. like the last, is an exciting one in which unknown worlds are.

opening up to Independent Project: Creating Literature Essay, us at an alarming rate, new issues are rising from. the dust of those of Economy: Japan old, and we are finding innovative, more. important ways of effecting change. Though maybe our parents went. to school with a noisier generation, it can be said that we go to. school with a deeper one. The Evolution of the Word College: A World of Erudition Perverted by a Museum Literature Essay ‘We, the People’ Everywhere I look, there they are.

No, I’m not talking about Essay Japan pint-sized pooches under their owner’s arm. I’m talking about Reading overt references to institutions of john autumn higher learning. Students and Independent Creating of Living Essay parents alike proudly display the name of their respective college or university all over the freakin’ place plastered (in disgustingly huge, bold block letters) across car rear windshields, clothing, baseball caps, flags, rugs the list goes on and on. And would you look at me. Here I am writing this very essay decked out in full Barnard/Columbia gear. Yes, sad but true, I too have become sucked into compare, today’s world of the marketable college. I, a soon-to-be college sophomore, and someone who five minutes ago wanted to Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature, ring Rick Perlstein’s neck for basically asking the world what’s happened to college, am falling into his very trap, am proving that there is crucible film something “the matter with college.” I admit that Perlstein is onto something here. But I have to say that most of the interviews that he includes with current students just reflect the Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum Essay fact that times are changing. This is keats ode to a new generation, and along with it comes a new way the world looks at college. Though I agree with Perlstein that “college as America used to understand it is coming to an end,” I must say that I see it in a different sense. While Perlstein might argue that college and its old world values have disappeared, along with the Independent Literature idea that college used to be the center of the ts eliot portrait universe, I’d have to Reading Project: Literature, say that the college experience and everything that goes along with it hasn’t changed a bit and of a neither has America’s interaction and Independent Reading Project: Creating of Living obsession with college.

To me, a young woman who currently epitomizes the college experience, the only thing that I’ve seen is the evolution of the word “college.” It appears that the term itself has taken on a whole new meaning. We have all, in effect, distorted the word, and I believe that the market economy and the new generation’s approach to the easily marketable “college” is to crucible film, blame. As the Independent Reading a Museum of Living days go by crucible film and as college becomes an Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, increasingly adaptable term to a nation obsessed with names and of a money, the Independent Creating a Museum Literature true essence of college has been lost. In this day and age, a vast majority of students spend their entire high school careers working their butts off, and I, once again, am guilty as charged. With my high school only offering Advanced Placement courses my senior year, I was determined to fit in as many as I could, a whopping six.

Being an christina, intellectual, it was only natural to Reading Project: of Living, take so many interesting courses and john keats ode to autumn enrich a brain thirsty for even more knowledge. But did I have a hidden agenda? Was I secretly taking so many courses to sustain my rank as number one in the class with courses that held more weight? Or was I, dare I say it, hoping to not have to Reading Project: Creating a Museum Literature, take these classes in college and john autumn receive credit for them? Whatever the case, everyone being engrossed with “college” continued on for the rest of my senior year. Applications felt like long, torturous homework assignments. But even after that was over, college wouldn’t leave me alone. Independent Creating! But did I even have a choice?

I couldn’t tell college to get out of my life. In retrospect, it’s almost as if you don’t choose college; it chooses you. And Contrast And Sparta! Let me just take you on a quick path down memory lane: My childhood dreams evolved from wanting to be a fairy princess (no education required) to a rock star (no conventional education required) to an attorney or journalist (four years of college and then some, whether I like it or not). You see, the decision is made for you once you decide that you want money and success in your future livelihood. That’s not to say that those who don’t attend college aren’t successful.

In fact, they’re probably not as stressed or as in debt from college loans as the rest of us. Independent A Museum Literature! But nonetheless, myself and my fellow peers ultimately see that investing ourselves in higher education yields a rather simple equation: college = money. What you invest in your education, financially speaking, often shows in crucible film, the salary college grads are welcomed with in their chosen career. But let’s get something straight. Let’s for one moment step outside of Project: a Museum Literature this economic world with which we have become preoccupied, and we can see that with the money aside, college today and college in Perlstein’s day isn’t much different. If we can just look at your typical college coed and autumn not the case studies in Perlstein’s essay, one can see that good ole’ college is still good ole’ college.

As clich? as it might sound, college, as I have noted in Independent Reading Project: a Museum of Living, the previous paragraph, is my stepping stone toward the crucible film future. But aside from Project: Creating a Museum that nice inspirational note, college for me represents an environment that truly sparks one’s imagination and has the wheels in keats, the brain turning. College is Project: a Museum Essay about taking crazy courses you couldn’t take anywhere else. It’s a realm of compare and contrast scholarship in which students are compelled to ask questions and search for answers. As silly as it might sound, I know that college is of Living Essay providing me with the topics and Q+A’s for those swanky cocktail dinner and crucible film soir?e conversations. Creating! I’ve yet to attend one considering I’m not of the legal drinking age (but then again, that’s never stopped your typical college kid before), but I know that when the day comes, I’ll whip out portrait lady, some smart remark about Raphael’s School of Athens and its unique trompe l’oeil approach to Renaissance art all thanks to Art History II my freshman year. Independent Reading Project: A Museum Essay! Aside from john keats autumn awesome, thought-provoking classes and realizing how much you appreciate your mom’s home cookin’, college is ultimately about strengthening intellect, honing oral and Independent Creating a Museum Literature written skills, and devoting yourself to knowledge that you will carry with you for the rest of your life. And as far as the outside world goes, yes, we leave our university bubbles and interact with the people.

With campus rallies for christina rossetti peace, community service outings, and college students interning all over the place, I definitely believe that college students still make an impact on Americans. While I hope that those who question the essence of college today can see that the fundamentals and the experience haven’t changed and that college undoubtedly matters to our country, I’m not naive enough to render Perlstein completely erroneous. Whereas Perlstein noted a change somewhere along the way, my essay comes full circle to prove that it is, indeed, the market economy and the perversion of the term “college” by the people of this nation (including myself), not the transformation of college itself. By me sitting here this very day arguing for college’s value goes to show that college students care about the way that their higher education is Reading Creating of Living Literature represented and that nothing is diction literary device “the matter with college.” As I hypocritically sit here in two articles of university clothing from my expansive Barnard/Columbia wardrobe and with huge obnoxious college stickers on Reading a Museum Literature Essay, the back of my car, I’d like to ts eliot of a lady, pose a different question: What’s the matter with us? The modern college student idolizes the campus of the 60?s and 70?s. Parents speak of Reading Creating a Museum Literature their storied pasts with fire in athens, their throats. They talk about a time of dangerous and wonderful change. A brighter future seemed possible and they were leading the way. Today, our movies, music and fashion struggle to Project: Creating of Living Literature, emulate it. Throngs of students, from every walk of life, going to the same schools, taking the same drugs, and wearing the same psychedelic floral patterns, sit on windswept grassy fields and lament an era gone by before their time.

Why do we look back with this glassy-eyed longing? Is it because we, the new generation of college students, America?s brightest stars, have failed to carry on the torch? Have we failed to inspire change the way our parents did? Maybe. College has transformed since then. Diction Literary Device! The churning maelstrom of dissent has subsided and left a calm, smooth puddle in its wake. The elation is waning. College is no longer an exciting or unique experience; the kind that grips a person by Independent the heart and forces them to think and to take a stand.

It is, sadly, just another step towards getting a job, a wife and a mortgage. In many ways it?s made slaves of us. From birth we were expected to go forth and athens succeed, shoved from the moment we could walk and Reading Project: Creating a Museum Essay told there was no other way. No longer are we so grateful for the opportunities given to use that we are inspired to lead, to give something back. Ts Eliot Lady! We no longer look at Reading Project: of Living Literature our fellow students as members of our community, but rather as competition.

We are no longer united. Struggling for a place on the enrollment list of an Ivy-league school, rending our nails from our fingertips over a poor grade; the fun is gone. Crucible Film! Many students feel pressured to Independent Creating of Living, attend only at the behest of their parents forceful prodding. They have become so exhausted by the application process that college begins to lose its appeal. After five years abroad in Israel, I returned to the United States to attend 11th and 12th grade at diction literary device a private boarding school. During our first week, there was a meeting for Independent Reading Creating of Living our class on the starting procedures of the college application process. We were told it would be one of the most important decisions of our lives, that the crucible film odds were stacked against us like never before. So terrified was I, that I ended up taking an Project: Literature, extra year of high school to delay the process.

I still consider it one of my wisest choices. Now we walk a taut and narrow path, terrified of a misstep. One mistake and you could risk your future. Lady! Our parents came to college because they wanted to. They wanted to take a risk. A private college, miles and miles from home, was the ultimate rebellion. James S. Snyder, class of Harvard ?73, fled his small Pennsylvania town and a future in furniture sales, seeking a worldlier, more enlightened existence and since his graduation he has served at both the Museum of Modern Art in New York and at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. He is not alone.

College, for that generation, almost unequivocally meant at least some degree of Reading success. With their futures certain, they were free to fully explore the john college experience. Free to put more on the line than just a signature on a piece of Reading Project: a Museum Literature Essay paper. Today, financial concerns, a shrinking job market, and the pressures of compare and contrast and sparta our classes rob us of our mobility. Young Americans are attending college inrecord numbers. Independent Creating A Museum Of Living! That sounds wonderful, doesn?t it? You would like to think so. But the truth is that American colleges are boiling over with mediocrity; apathetic masses of token do-gooders desperate to shed their guilt on an anti-war petition. Brandeis University?s democratic activist organization, Democracy for America (DFA), though an active instrument of change (they played important roles in the campaigns of both Howard Dean and Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick), carries surprisingly low numbers for such a liberal campus.

Meanwhile, fashionable international causes such as ?Save Darfur? boast far superior numbers, despite a lack of tangible results. Nowhere is the crucible film spirit of the 60?s missed more than on the issue of war. Our parent?s generation fought so passionately against Project: Creating a Museum of Living, the Vietnam War that their protests nearly tore the nation apart. We, too, should be up in arms, fighting for Global Japan what we know is right. Yet the prospect of exhausting ourselves, laying protest on the ears of a seemingly deaf administration hardly warrants a march on Washington. One could miss a mid-term.

Money dilutes purity and purpose. Independent Reading Project: Creating A Museum Of Living Literature! We?ve seen it many times before. College no longer becomes a place of learning or of christina exciting new experiences, but rather an exercise in ensuring you comfort on the path of a normal life. We no longer do what we love, but rather what will make us secure. One only needs to a Museum Literature Essay, look at the droves of caffeinated medical students on campus for diction proof. If journalism paid as much as plastic surgery, there would be a lot more million dollar donations to the campus newspaper. Yet I have persisted in Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, my pursuit of a career in journalism despite my inability to even major in it. As a student of the poet christina liberal arts, I see my career options shrink and change every day. I have rarely taken a class that I felt was actually preparing me for a Museum what I want to christina rossetti, do.

Who is going to teach me to be a smooth talking music journalist? Instead I am relying on my extracurricular experience at Independent Creating Literature Essay the newspaper, where I am the ts eliot lady editor of the Arts Section, to give me the credentials I need. In an Independent Reading Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, environment like this, I often feel as if I?m simply going through the motions; doing what I?ve been told I must do to succeed. Rarely do I feel like I?m given the opportunity to do something I love, and I?m not alone. While our parents rebelled against their America by packing up and heading off to college, our generation?s insurgency will come when we decide that our $160,000 can be put to better use. The balance between success and happiness at American colleges has become heavily weighted towards the former, and diction with that we lose the original essence of Literature this experience. In order to salvage what?s left, we must remember that success exists outside the course book and the sacred diploma.

We?re here because we fear for ts eliot of a lady our futures. We?ll walk the path, terrified of the unknown, praying that somewhere along our journey we?ll be lucky enough to find that essence again. Every time I come home from college for vacation my father asks me the same question, if there is any significant anti-war movement on campus, and every time is mystified by my negative response. I can understand his confusion. Reading Project: Creating A Museum! He started college in 1968, campaigned for McCarthy and was still considered conservative for not repudiating capitalism altogether. As a matter of course, he smoked dope, experimented sexually, and every Friday watched avant garde European movies that offered glimpses of a freer, alternative lifestyle.

My father took for granted the socially transformative power of youth and now doesn?t quite know what to make of the role reversal my generation has sprung on him. My friends and I may use drugs but we don?t believe drugs open up higher portals of crucible film consciousness. We are more or less monogamous. We don?t believe we are on Reading Project: Literature Essay, the cusp of great social change and crucible film can?t imagine how that change would look. We may not like everything about the Man but we don?t especially want to stick it to him ? and we acknowledge that the Independent Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Man pays well. We are more square than our parents. But of course, as my father himself admits, intergenerational complaining is an ancient and predictable art form: parents are astonished that their children differ from diction literary them, and Independent Reading of Living Literature children, by definition of being children, resist their parents? mold. If our parents preach rebellion, our reaction is to choose conformity ? a paradox but a natural tactic in intergenerational skirmishing. Grousing about college students? inaction distracts from the larger issue: the political marginalization of Essay Economy: Japan liberal elites, a process that stretches back into the ?60s, and, much more than any changes in campus life, informs my generation?s lack of political conviction. In ?What?s the Matter with College,? Rick Perlstein introduces the incredibly revealing story of Reagan?s campaign against Berkeley and then draws the wrong conclusions from it.

The California gubernatorial election of 1966 was significant not because colleges featured as a campaign issue ? after all, Bush ran twice against the Ivy League establishment – but because Reagan, two years after Lyndon Johnson had to all appearances demolished the GOP as a credible national party, won a major election by attacking elite universities, portraying America?s cultural frontier as morally deviant and intellectually out-of-the-mainstream. The American left never overcame the conservative counterattack. By the mid-?70s they had given up the fight. So my apologia for my generation is tinged with resentment for the Baby Boomers who sold out into a comfortable middle age and Project: a Museum Literature Essay are now instructing their children to diction device, rebel, advocating non-conformity as a healthy youthful impulse. On the other hand, my father, David Brooks, and Rick Perlstein all have a point: my generation (by that term I mean only what I know, the Yalies and Reading Creating of Living Essay elite students, upper middle class and ts eliot portrait of a lady above, who seem to be the prime target of Brooks? and Perlstein?s criticisms) has neglected its social responsibility, failing to protest a war at Independent Reading a Museum Literature least as duplicitously and ineptly run as Vietnam. Diction Literary! I am not offering excuses, only some explanation of our mindset. Iraq is not our war. Even more so than Vietnam, Iraq is being fought by Independent Reading of Living Literature Essay lower middle class and working class volunteers. Without a draft there is very little prospect that any of my classmates will ever serve there. Christina Rossetti! At a time when America is obsessed with national security, determining the last presidential election largely on a candidate?s war record, elite college students (and liberal elites in general) lack the credibility to challenge the war machine. Where Vietnam era liberals felt betrayed by a progressive Democratic administration engaging in Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature, a war they never supported, liberals who voted twice against diction literary device, Bush can take solace in the hope that the Project: Creating of Living Literature war will wind down following a Democratic victory in 2008.

Without a civil rights movement, without race riots, there is Essay Global no sense that the system is falling apart and no impulse to effect change by non-electoral means. Like older liberals, college students are interested in new leadership, not a new way of Reading Project: a Museum of Living life. The collapse of crucible film Socialism as a revolutionary ideology eliminates the most coherent critique of the American system, leaving even radical students unsure what alternative society to Independent Reading Project: Creating, propose. No one talks seriously about outing the system or agitating in poor neighborhoods. Many of the best and diction literary brightest kids I know are focusing their energies overseas. America?s social problems are considered too deep-rooted for a quick fix by energetic, high-minded college students. But I am straying from the point of Perlstein?s essay. He seems less concerned with liberal college students? failure to engender change and more with the disappearance of Independent Reading Project: of Living Literature Essay a fabled college experience, at once laidback and compare and sparta cutting-edge, heady and Project: Creating of Living Literature Essay delinquent. It sounds good, but the college experience Perlstein is portrait describing may be more of an aberration than he admits.

College now is what it always has been, a perplexing phenomenon. Parents take their children out Independent Reading Essay, of the workforce for four of the most productive years of their lives, send them at great expense to enclosed institutions where, with essentially no supervision or responsibility, they are expected to absorb a liberal arts education unlikely to have any direct bearing on their future careers. The payoff, acknowledged by college students and their parents alike, is compare athens that college education determines admission into Reading Creating a Museum of Living, the professional class. The ?60s showed that college campuses are capable of reflecting broader social discontent, but let?s not fool ourselves into compare and contrast athens, thinking that elite colleges, many of them among America?s oldest and most venerable institutions, necessarily foster dissent. Independent A Museum Of Living! Congratulations to Mr. Diction Device! Perlstein for his enviable college experience at Chicago in the late 1980s, but it is Reading Project: Literature Essay hard to believe that the character of college life has changed dramatically since then as a result of marketing strategies or a rapid shift in college-age kids? relations with their parents. College students are the Essay Global same as they were 40 years ago, maybe somewhat higher achieving but just as liberal and naive and just as subject to the mood of their time. Independent Reading Of Living Literature Essay! They are very aware that this is not a revolutionary era. Poet Rossetti! American intellectuals (I hesitate even using that term in the present tense) are not wrestling with conflicting ideologies. Nationwide, there is Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature no impulse to do what college students have historically been best at: arguing about the direction of athens and sparta a new social order. Students can debate passionately over dining hall tables, but they inevitably find themselves differing over policy rather than principle ? and that is not a reflection of students? intellectual inability or apathy but of the state of contemporary intellectual discourse..

The liberal vision of the Reading Project: Creating of Living Essay ?60s has evaporated and the country still seems to be stricken with intellectual paralysis, but college students aren?t the half of the problem. Apathetic. If I had to ode to autumn, describe the student body on my college campus in one world – apathetic would be it. After four years at a fairly conservative, living-for-the-next-soccer-game, suburban public high school, I could not have felt more ready for a change of Independent Project: a Museum of Living Literature scenery – especially for diction college – a place that is Independent Reading Essay supposed to be so different and free. Like any college freshman, I had expectations. And Contrast And Sparta! I had hopes of being surrounded by young people who are living for more than just weekend keg parties and prom dates. People who are aware of Independent Reading Essay what is and sparta going on in the world at Project: Creating Literature Essay this critical time and, as human beings, feel an obligation to help make change – further the course of social justice.

And upon coming to college, I did find these people – all five of them. Out of and contrast a student body of four thousand. When I got to college and met my peers – the people I would be spending the next four years of my young life with – I asked the same question that Rick Perlstein is asking now, “What’s the matter with college?” For me, that question has expanded to, “What’s the matter with Americans?” College students are suppose to make up the best and brightest of each coming generation. And, if at the ages of 18 to 22, these young and capable people are not active and Independent Reading Project: Creating of Living engaged with their world – with our world – what happens in post-college life? I imagine the trend continues: the apathy remains. Comfort. College kids, kids like me, are comfortable. Our lives are privileged. Portrait! We live with our friends in dorms that are cleaned for Project: Literature us.

We can eat whenever we want. Rossetti! We are receiving what is considered to be a pristine education from world-renowned professors. At times, I find that life as an American college student is Independent Reading Project: Literature disgustingly privileged. And because we are comfortable in compare athens, our dorms, in our classrooms, on our safe and well-kept campus lawn, we can ignore. Project: Of Living Essay! We can ignore the war in Essay Global Economy: Japan, Iraq. We can ignore the fact that college students in other cities in the world cannot walk safely through their campuses due to a constant threat of an Reading Creating a Museum Literature, explosion or attack. We can ignore that, while we live comfortably – studying during the keats week and partying on the weekends – others are suffering. The truth, of course, is that we cannot ignore these things. We cannot ignore our fellow humans; we cannot ignore the acts of our government.

This is our world; each of us is an integral part of it. We can be apathetic, yes. But only for Independent Project: of Living Literature so long. As many others have said, there are several parallels between the Vietnam War of the lady sixties and seventies, and the war in Iraq today. One enormous contrast is the activism is the Independent Project: Creating Essay former and the lack thereof in the latter. I have heard people suggest that the keats reason for Independent Reading a Museum of Living this discrepancy is that now there is no active draft. And without the very real possibility (threat) or being called to and contrast and sparta, war – young people have no critical need, no tangible reason to be active and persistent in ending the war. As a college student, although it is not been my experience in Reading Project: Creating Literature, particular, I do believe college is and sparta a time and a place in which change is Independent Project: a Museum of Living Essay suppose to take hold. Young people themselves, through the exposure to new people and novel ideas, change. And through those personal changes, people work together to change something outside of diction device themselves – whether it is Independent a Museum Essay a project in the local community, or a large-scale effort to end a national war.

Today, in the year 2007, is not a source of this type of change; this process does not take place, or at least not in full cycle. College is not the ideal place to practice activism, let alone radicalism, as it once was. I feel privileged to be receiving the education that I am receiving, but I feel there is compare athens and sparta a crucial element that college kids like me are missing. We are not vulnerable – or at least do not feel vulnerable. Protected and even sheltered (some of us), we need a new awareness. That is “what’s the matter with college”–we are asleep. We need to wake up, recognize the state of our country and of the world, and care. Contribute. Act. Do something! We are the doctors, politicians and journalists of the next 50 years.

One of us will be president. A couple hundred of Independent Reading Literature Essay us will be foreign ambassadors. Crucible Film! Many of us will be congresswomen and men. We will have incredible influence. The more aware and active we are now during these years, the more prepared we will be for the years ahead. Independent Creating Of Living Literature Essay! The more we know and are a part of our country and world now, the smarter and more innovative we will be in leading our country and engaging with our world in a productive and peaceful manner in the future. AT MANY AMERICAN COLLEGES it is hard to tell where the campus ends and the outside world starts. For years, the line between on and off-campus has been blurring, sometimes to the point of irrelevance. For parents accompanying their children across this indistinct border today, I imagine that a dose of poet rossetti nostalgia must no doubt be mixed with a hefty helping of genuine shock. Where are the protesters?

No hunger strikes or marches? No barricades or tear gas? On many campuses even the time-honored Frisbee toss is on the way out and the newer dormitories proudly bear the designation “Riot Proof.” The hippies and hedonists are long gone, but what is Reading Project: Creating Literature Essay this strange creature they’ve left in their wake? The campus is becoming increasingly commoditized, monetized and generally more like the world outside its borders. Ironically, responsibility for this phenomenon rests squarely on the shoulders of john those parents who once rebelled against the system they now support with tuition checks. The acculturation of American colleges has been in the works for some time now and the increasingly competitive admissions hoops that college-bound young people are made to jump through have only Reading Creating Literature hastened this gentrification. No longer outposts of the counterculture, America’s campuses seem to literary, have gone mainstream and they are now, like many relics of the Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay sixties, being accused of “selling out.” As a college student faced with this indictment I have to defend myself with a question of my own: Does it really matter?

The convergence of on- and off-campus values may have changed the texture of our universities but it has only strengthened their relevance to diction device, that increasingly less distant place: the real world. There is certainly something distinctly apathetic or, at least, subdued, about students today. Nevertheless, it’s still easy to find the most active dissenters and contrarians. Just go to the faculty lunch room. Many of the Vietnam era’s most dedicated dissidents simply never left the campuses that incubated their discontent years ago and this reality is central to understanding today’s collegiate zeitgeist. At my college, Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts, this strange state of affairs is the norm.

My leftist physics professor writes more opinion pieces for our daily newspaper than any student. A professor of Reading Project: of Living Literature Peace and Justice Studies recently organized a campus-wide faculty walkout to protest the Iraq war – a very popular initiative among both professors and students. The transference of the spirit of ’67 from the students to the faculty begs a question: against whom are we to rebel? It’s no leap of intuition to imagine that there is crucible film little incentive to dissent when dissent is institutionalized. So I go to a liberal college in Massachusetts – of course this is what the Independent Reading Project: a Museum of Living Essay professors are like. Ts Eliot Portrait Of A! This apology, however, obfuscates the important point that across the country, the relatively passive nature of today’s college student is a direct result of their parents’ legacy. Decades of prosperity and fertility (you can thank the baby-boomers for both of these phenomena) have provided previously unimaginable legions of high school seniors who are applying to college and Creating Literature Essay expecting to get in.

Due to population trends and the increasingly large number of young Americans that graduate high school, college enrollment has grown by 62 percent since 1974. This fact, combined with the realities of the john keats demanding economy that the Reading Project: a Museum post-war generation has driven, has translated into what admissions officers are calling a “crunch.” More kids than ever are applying to more schools than ever – and colleges are turning them back in droves. Thanks to our parents’ success and the law of athens and sparta supply and demand, getting into college is competitive. Very competitive; so competitive that few students applying even pause to imagine what it will be like once they are actually there. I certainly didn’t. The pressure to apply is endemic and students are compelled to apply earlier each year as schools cook up a plethora of variations on the theme of early application deadlines. Project: A Museum Essay! The shifting admissions timetables are a reflection of the larger cultural obsession with admissions procedures at American colleges.

To do some research about how colleges have changed since my parents were students, I typed in “college book” on Out of thousands of crucible film results, barely a handful of Independent Reading Creating Literature Essay books were actually about the experience of American colleges and, of these, almost all were self-styled “Survival Guides.” All the poet rest were about Independent Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay how to get into college and what to do after it: endless pages of insider guides, idiot’s guides, handbooks, manuals, and a litany of overtures on crucible film, how to “crack” the Project: a Museum Essay dreaded standardized tests. The emphasis here is explicit. While many adults have an excellent view of how to crucible film, get their children into Reading Project: Creating a Museum Essay, college, the crucible film actualities of the college experience are largely left to Project: Creating Literature Essay, their imagination. Portrait Of A! As a result, it is only from Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living inside the system that we can answer the question, why does college matter? Essentially, for the same reasons it always has: it’s still a place to figure out what kind of person you want to be, meet interesting people, have some fun, and hopefully graduate having learned something along the way. A lot has changed in forty years (being twenty years old, I can’t personally confirm this but I have chosen to accept this bit of institutional wisdom). Should we really be at all surprised that the athens and sparta American college has changed apace with the rest of the country? Higher-education professionals insist that universities must march in step with economic and technological progress if they are to stand a chance of playing a role in Independent Project: Essay, the future of American education.

This need for relevancy, or at least the perception of crucible film it, has purged much of the excesses of university life and sharpened the Independent Reading of Living Essay academic side of the collegiate equation – a recalibration that has shaped the john keats students as much as the institutions. I have nothing but respect for Independent Project: my parents and the dissident college students of the Vietnam era, but, quite frankly, the American college student has moved on. We might be less introspective or subversive, but we’re more productive, organized, and better prepared to succeed in the modern economy – a magical place that Career Services is forever going on about. Ts Eliot Of A Lady! We live in a society in which we are generally content with the value system we grew up with, or at least we are able to Project: a Museum Literature, tolerate it. Thanks to our parents, there are a great many battles that simply have already been fought for and contrast athens us and we are OK with that. It is not the intrinsic burden of every generation of Project: Creating a Museum Essay students to re-invent the wheel. Ts Eliot Portrait Lady! To assume such a thing is to Project: of Living Literature, repudiate the most salient feature of student life in the 1960’s – its unsurpassed exceptionality. The modern college experience hasn’t become superficial or cheap (literally or figuratively) and, for a young person eager to learn, it’s an incredibly important place to Economy: Japan, spend a few years. It’s just different. Nostalgia for a campus reveling in bucolic isolation and barricaded by Independent Essay student protestors has become a caricature that does a disservice to poet rossetti, the rewarding and academically challenging environment that most American college students are immersed in. But then again, what do I know?

I’m just another lazy, rebellious college student. Exactly. College as America used to understand, indeed, is Independent Reading Project: of Living Literature Essay coming to an end. Not only so, what college used to Economy:, be in the past decades must come to an end. Independent Reading Project: Creating Of Living! America itself is changing now in the mist of this big whirl of globalization and the society is transforming into a highly competitive war-zone in which the students must compete with peers from all over the world to maintain another impressive position after college. Simply because colleges are not what colleges used to be in the 60s or 70s the diction college students are not as uncreative or dull as what Perlstein writes in Independent of Living Literature Essay, his article.

I have seen many motivated and energized “organization kids” and also came in contact with students who stay at school even though “college sucks anyway.” However, I do not see the point of current college students being a problematic issue in any way. What is so wrong with calling your mother everyday after class sitting on the campus bench? Why is it so “uncreative” to study SATs in high school and not photography or film to represent oneself as the of a best college admissions candidate? The college students these days possess the true business tactics to Independent Reading Project: a Museum Essay, create the future that the students desire. The American universities in the 21st century do not accept a student because of a forbidden book title written in the reading list or because of what the student has so artfully experienced so-called “life” making films or taking photos. The universities want a supernatural candidates or what not. They want students with high SAT scores and experiences in arts, films, and ts eliot of a lady other interests that people can call “creative” and “artistic.” Then once the a Museum of Living Literature students gets into college, the high GPAs and various club experiences must sparkle on resumes in the eyes of the career advisors for the bright future which I can “succeed” in my professional life. What lounge talk or jazz jam sessions can we attend while missing classes and sacrificing sleeping on the Sunday nights before the new week starts? Why does the absence of these experiences seen as a negative phenomenon? The weekend cultural events or performances I attend amazingly inspire my cultural sense and motivate the artistic side of athens and sparta me. The heated debate about abortion or widening wealth gap in Independent Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay, the cafeteria with a group of john autumn class mates do make me run to the classes and Independent Reading Project: a Museum still arrive at the lecture room door ten minutes late.

Just because how the crucible film American colleges are not what we “used to Reading a Museum Literature Essay, understand” there is no reason why we should bring this “issue” (I think not) and ask what matters colleges have. I never wanted to compare and contrast athens and sparta, spend four years of my college life in a small suburban all-women’s school. The Manhattan city life from New York University beckoned me while the Project: Creating of Living Essay prestigious, yet seemingly boring Bryn Mawr campus made me wonder what things can possibly excite me when it came down to making the final decision about christina rossetti college. I imagined myself becoming a hip New Yorker soaked with trendy city fashion style aggressively seeking for intern positions in Wall Street making career connections preparing for Reading Creating a Museum of Living Essay the professional life post college watching every Broadway musical and attending famous college parties during the weekend. I thought that’s what college students do in New York. Or I thought that’s what college students must do in any college. I However, regardless of the image I had about what an ode to, ideal college student must be, I did make my decision on my own to spend four years of my college life in Independent Project: Creating a Museum Literature Essay, a small suburban all-women’s school. I made this decision proudly and I am still proud to be at Bryn Mawr. I solely made my decision for and contrast athens and sparta my academic life. I could not imagine truly committing my time to writing essays about how David Hume has influenced the development of skepticism and empiricism or calculate multi-variable calculus problems after classes in a Museum of Living Literature, the city light and busy night restaurants waiting for me to john ode to, come down and Project: Creating a Museum Literature have a cup of coffee and poet chat with the strangers. I thought for Reading Project: Creating Literature my academic life I could sacrifice my social life for high GPAs and good recommendation letters from professors.

Choosing from the Essay Economy: Japan extreme social life verses academic life I finally found out Project: of Living Essay, that college is not what the diction device college can offer to me. College is the place where I can make what I want from Independent Project: a Museum Literature Essay my college years with my own preference. All the resources are right in and out Global Economy:, of the campus for me. College matters because I matter as a college student in this society. There is nothing wrong with the American colleges.

The colleges stand as they did when my mother and father enjoyed celebrity guest speaker session in the dorm lounges. It is the society and the very world that the American colleges and the college student stand that has changed. The competition and the multitasking skill that the society requires from the students will not accept being truly free from family, academics, and career-related activities. If I can turn back time to when I was a senior in Project: a Museum of Living, high school choosing the college again, I still would not at all want to spend four years at a small suburban all-women’s college. Only thing I am worried about when I go back for the last year at Bryn Mawr is that I would not want to leave the Essay Global Japan school for another million years. The society as American used to understand it is coming to an end.

Along with the Project: a Museum Essay changes in the society, the college must come to an end with what it used to be in the past decades. Our college years spent without the “radical break” are filled with productive future preparations that we entitle ourselves as excellent multitasking marketers. I see the bright future for our college students who are smarter, ever competent and far more well-rounded generation than any other college classes before in the American history. If this overused and cliche statement were more relevant or appropriate to of a, the topic at hand, Bob Dylan would stop selling ladies undergarments and Reading a Museum Essay students would protest the Iraq War on the lawn of the Whitehouse. Unfortunately, College as America used to and contrast athens, understand it has come to an end. Reading Literature! Pretending that college students today show the same idealistic fervor of our parents’ generation would just be a lie.

Even at a campus set in the heart of Greenwich Village, the birthplace of portrait lady le tout New York boheme, there is a stark difference between college life then and now. As a student looking towards entering a career in finance but also considering a major in Philosophy, I find this change particularly conflicting. I am not lamenting for the woes of political apathy or nihilism in my generation, I am saying that college, as America used to understand it, can still make a comeback. The central problem to Reading Project: Creating a Museum, all this multi-generational change is a public misconception as to the importance of choosing a concentration and christina adhering to Reading Project: of Living Literature Essay, its designated path during collegiate and post-collegiate life. Within this misconception I see a divisive attitude amongst peers. On one side of this division, career oriented majors, such as pre-med, pre-law, finance or economics harbor students who look at Essay Japan college as merely an investment, or another step of sacrifice on Reading of Living, the track to success. Christina Rossetti! On the other side, perceived as the opposite, are conventional liberal arts concentrations: fine arts, classics, or creative writing, to name a few. Reading Project: A Museum Of Living Literature! To understand these students’ perception of their choice, one would have to look no further than Web 2.0. Diction Device! On Facebook, the internet’s largest social networking site, started by two college students in 2004–groups with names like, “I picked a major that I love and will probably end up living in a box,” tell the story albeit with a slighting sense of humor.

The main fault of this dual misconception is it rewards the common string between the divisions: the narrow focus that we take comfort in by conforming to either side of the paradigm. Applying to college, I made a seemingly fatal mistake, stating ‘Undecided’ as my choice of major. Upon reaching NYU I was received by students who by the end of high school had started their own non-profits, were planning how to Independent Reading Project: a Museum of Living, start their own hedge funds, or even both. Suddenly the fact that I stood out in high school for listening to diction device, Phish and watching independent films seemed of little importance. I quickly discovered that simply not knowing what I would be doing in ten years was a tragic character flaw. Was I the only one listening when Antoine de Saint-Exupery said in The Little Prince, “On ne sait jamais!” If we are so eager to find truth in quantifying our intuitive assumptions (as attributed to Benjamin Disraeli, “there are three types of lies: lies, damn lies, and Project: a Museum Essay statistics.”) try considering all the numbers. For example, experts with the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimate that the average worker will change careers (not jobs) five to seven times in a work life. But whose fault is this? One may place blame for diction literary this misconception on an endless list of sources. A friend who opted to attend the Gallatin School of Individualized Study, the paragon institution of free academic choice, put it plainly, “Our generation has no identity; everything we do is borrowed from nostalgia and commercialized as vintage.” Somewhat of an Reading Project: a Museum Literature Essay, interesting statement coming from a girl wearing a blonde bob-haircut and crucible film Ray Band sunglasses, dressed in black.

Penn Jillete, of Penn and Teller, when discussing the downfall of the music industry in the film Half Japanese: The Band That Would Be King concedes that “This generation has done nothing to shock me; there’s nothing that I can’t understand and that’s sad. I want to know what it feels like to be a parent in the 50’s and first hear Elvis Presley.” Or consider the fact that the “famous for being famous,” celebrity is the icon for our generation. Never has a sense of Reading a Museum entitlement been either aggrandized or emulated in our recent cultural history. Who is our Bob Dylan? In the age where the individual’s taste and freedom of expression seemingly cannot be overemphasized, how can we find a united identity?

What is most difficult and in poet christina rossetti, turn essential to overcoming the Reading Project: Creating Literature dogmas of our generation is literary looking past the blame. If we look at the modern student as a social construction, a whole world of excuses is opened up. For college life to truly make a comeback, all students have to a Museum Literature, do is do what makes them happy. For academia to have the same sense of pristine freedom it had in the former generations, we cannot look at the “why” questions and try to point fingers, but we must ask “why do we ask the why questions” and move back to the humanistic feel of college as those generations remember it. Because James, a sophomore at Yale, has twice slept through his alarm this semester, his father now calls every Monday and john Wednesday morning to Project: Creating a Museum, make sure his son is awake. At 8:45, James answers his cell-phone on the fifth ring, thanks his father, and hustles down the steps of entryway B, the new Maroon 5 song playing on his Ipod. From 9:00 until 10:15, James sits with two other students in ts eliot lady, room 116 of the Sterling Chemistry Lab, listening to the lecturer distinguish between an atomic number and an atomic mass. This is CHEM 100b: Chemistry in Popular Novels, a course intended for non-science majors which James is taking to satisfy his natural sciences requirement.

To earn credit, James must (a) participate in Independent Project: a Museum Essay, the illustrative lab activities; (b) read and comment on the assigned books (Toxin by Robin Cook, Three-Course Murder by Nancy Fairbanks); and (c) submit an original short-story that hinges on some aspect of the chemical process. There is no regular final examination. After adding “Maroon 5? to his favorite music on Facebook, James attends his Shakespeare lecture in LC 101, where the professor explains the uses of oxymoronic or paradoxical phrasing in compare and contrast and sparta, A Midsummer Night’s Dream. The midterms are handed back, and James’s blue book shows a red 87. “This is Adriana in Comedy of Errors,” his TA writes on the page where he has misidentified the speaker as Rosalind, “But great attention to Reading a Museum, language.” She awards him six points out of twelve. At lunch in Common’s Dining Hall, he chats with his suitemate about the Eighties party happening this Friday. They arrange a time to buy parachute pants and jean jackets on poet christina rossetti, Crown Street. The smoothie machine is still broken.

His roommate leaves for Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay a mock-interview at the Undergraduate Career Services building, and his father sends him a text message concerning his application for a summer position at diction device the Center for Talent Youth. James submits his application online and then downloads Amadeus, which he will watch for Independent Reading Creating of Living his seminar on the life and works of Milos Forman. At four o’clock, his roommate calls: Ian McEwan is john reading from his new novel tonight in Sudler Hall. James would like to attend, but his play, one of seven going up on campus this weekend, is in tech week. Reading Literature Essay! Tonight’s rehearsal is poet christina rossetti scheduled from five to a Museum Literature Essay, eleven. There’s chicken curry and gingered steak for compare dinner, and Independent Project: Literature then rehearsal for Marat/Sade in lady, Davenport-Pierson Auditorium, which features a state-of-the-art lighting grid, a sound booth, new dressing rooms, and 70 chairs without arm rests. As an unnamed male nurse in Reading of Living Literature Essay, the French asylum, James’s primary purpose is to douse inmates with cold water. The cast runs the show twice, but the director, a junior Theater Studies major from ts eliot portrait of a Manhattan, still frowns. Independent Reading Creating A Museum Literature! Earlier that day, the portrait Fire Marshal declared most of her set a safety hazard. All that remains on the wet stage is a bathtub.

By the time notes have been given, and Independent Reading Creating of Living Essay costumes fitted, it is Global after midnight. Project: Creating A Museum Literature Essay! James buys a Coca-Cola and a bag of pretzels from Durfee’s Convenience Store, and proceeds to crucible film, Sterling Memorial Library. His Shakespeare TA has asked the Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay class to crucible film, comment on Duke’s “Be absolute for Reading Project: Creating Literature Essay death” speech. “Do not write in crucible film, paragraph form,” she says in her email, “Just pick out Independent Reading Creating a Museum, five specific things about this section of the text and write a bullet point (2-3 sentences) about the significance of each of these things.” After ten minutes of christina rossetti scanning for diction, verse form, imagery, and caesura, James begins dozing off. He returns from the reading room to find his two other suitemates engaged in a heated Mario Kart battle. He showers and crawls into bed. He closes his eyes. It’s already Thursday.

When James graduates in two years, the value of his degree will be high. He will have picked up, along the way, bits of Elizabethan and Czech culture and a stronger sense of community. Absent, of course, will be both the break Mr. Perlstein champions “which college (in theory) is designed to provide” and Project: Creating of Living Essay a notion of this break’s worth. “Break” is ts eliot lady a potentially misleading way of describing an ideal college experience. On the surface, it suggests “vacation.” In reality, it implies both a split with something previously adhered to (one’s childhood existence and the values absorbed at Project: Creating a Museum Literature home) and a fruitful interruption before the regularly scheduled programming of poet rossetti real life begins. That students willingly or unwillingly miss out on this break, and the transition from Independent Creating a Museum Literature Essay one self to Essay Global, the next it provokes, is an appropriate cause for concern. But at Independent a Museum Literature a time when the space between the university and the world outside has disappeared, is a break even possible? In an article printed by the Chicago Maroon on February 13, 2007, President Robert Zimmer is crucible film quoted as asking the activists “to see that there are arguments on the other side.” The arguments themselves are beside the point. President Zimmer isn’t countering those on of Living Essay, the pro-divestment side, but encouraging them to temporarily suspend their beliefs, embrace the equally valid beliefs of the Essay Economy: Board of Trustees, and Independent a Museum Essay weigh them both.

Which one they choose ultimately doesn’t matter: in President Zimmer’s mind, what’s important is the crucible film weighing itself. In the mind of an activist, this is Independent Reading socially irresponsible and Economy: morally repugnant. To describe it in the language of Reading Creating of Living Literature David Foster Wallace’s 2005 (footnotes-free) commencement speech at Kenyon College, President Zimmer is asking his students to rossetti, alter their hard-wired, default sympathy for the people of Darfur, and interpret the situation removed from the lens of self. This is an unnatural, incredibly difficult task to perform, something that takes a lifetime’s worth of work to master, but it cuts to the heart of what it means to “learn how to think,” which is why (in theory) people go to college, and why it matters. But however crucial this suspension of the self, and the college-back- when-it-was-college experience it fosters, how can anyone expect these STAND students to participate in something so abstract while, at Independent Project: Creating the same time, Darfurians continue to die? Moreover, if as David Brooks’s 2001 Atlantic Monthly article “The Organization Kid” reports, universities are leaving it to john keats, students themselves to develop a sense of Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum Literature Essay character and morality, how can one’s value- system (a system that encourages immediate action against genocide, for instance) be simultaneously promoted and and contrast and sparta suspended? Students like James don’t even read the newspaper.

How does one raise awareness among one’s peers before learning what it means to be aware? Some awareness on the university’s part would help. Rather than simply tell James he is an adult, the university should actually treat him like one: insist that he tell himself. Instead, he is a Museum Literature left to flit between the intellectual world that demands the suspension of self, and the world outside that demands immediate action. Because he must juggle the demands of both without guidance, or shirk the demands without consequence, neither world is adequately explored, and john keats both collapse into James’s world. Which is Independent Project: a Museum of Living Essay upsetting in the wrong sense. The Decline of College Campus Life, or When the Moguls Come Marching In.

College matters to the student, but not as much as it used to–this phrase sums up a complex reality in simple terms. Let’s all look at the picture here (not just glance, but really look at it). Young adults in general don’t read, are addicted to mass media, and are lazy. John Keats Ode To Autumn! This new generation, which I shall call Generation Z (after what they catch), is an easy target for the reason why colleges aren’t the same as they used to be. Independent A Museum! I can imagine it now: an aged hippie or, better (worse?) yet, a beatnik, reminiscing about the good old days, when “we had the diction device motivation to change the world, by dinghy!”, as they gum a gruel made from hash and LSD juiced in a solar-powered blender. It’s a sad day when such things happen.

Yet, it is happening. Yes, it is true that some young adults are unmotivated, and, yes, it is easy to Project: Creating a Museum, blame them for the college experience atrophying. However, contrary to Occam’s Razor, there are convoluted reasons here as to why these people are changing college life for the worse. For example, these young adults are digital junkies. Why? Well, why not? In the society we live in, it is essential that people are up-to-date on everything cutting-edge and of a lady fashionable. Reading Project: Literature Essay! The fact that older adults are there pulling strings to convince people to buy the latest designer peanut butter or such-and-such is literary device not helping.

The young adults have two options: actually go through the process of Independent Project: a Museum Literature flipping through a dozen different catalogues that are trying to christina, sell a dozen similar products with different names and price tags, or simply go online and search for “latest designer erasers” and skim the results. Reading Project: A Museum Of Living! They become addicted to trends, and thus computers. “Ah,” one may say, “but why can’t the Internet be used for the good of the world? Why are they unmotivated?” If one asks this question, one is missing another major aspect of Generation Z–the omnipresent need to poet, be entertained. Entertainment is Reading Creating growing easier to access and of a lady easier to use. Combine that with the Generation Z equation that states less intellectual work=more fun, and Independent Creating a Museum that is why Generation Z is unmotivated. Once again, older adults aren’t exactly helping the problem by mass advertising TV shows (ranging from cheap copies of Essay Global better shows to shows that are original but idiotic) by claiming them as “Exciting!” and “Fun!”. This is why the college experience is changing, then. It is not that there is Independent Reading Creating a Museum of Living Literature less to protest about–gay rights, abortion, and crucible film the Middle East all come to mind.

It is Independent not that colleges are more or less controlling. It is simply the fact that Generation Z is being manipulated by some people in the older generations for monetary gain. The same thing happens to every generation, but on and contrast athens, the scale it is happening today, one must wonder what will happen if and when the media takes over completely. Will there be classes on Reebok aerodynamics or KFC-run universities? Only time will tell… In Rick Perlstein’s essay, “What’s the Matter With College,” he states that “college campuses seem to Independent Creating of Living Literature, have lost their centrality.” Yet in the golden yesteryear of which he writes, the diction device ’60s– disregarding the voices on campus meant ignoring the masses. Although Perlstein suggests college campuses appear less important than they were 40 years ago, their centralization has arguably shifted alongside a transforming socioeconomic backdrop. Formerly identified as anti-establishment, colleges now serve as footstools into the ultra-established world of corporate America and as integral investments toward becoming members of an intellectual society.

For the youth of the ’60s, higher education symbolized a physical and metaphorical break from preceding generations. The fracture, in part, was financially permissible: the cost of education was considerably less than it is Independent Reading Project: today and included greater opportunity for grants and scholarships. Essay Global Japan! However, the break was also ideological. Knowledge served as a weapon to combat old beliefs and as the Reading Creating of Living Literature Essay motivation to literary device, defy conventional forms of authority, thus appealing to a “rebellious” generation. College campuses evolved as champions for a free exchange of Reading Project: Essay words and ideas to counteract Vietnam, race riots and the atrocities happening beyond the campus walls. Politicians had little choice but to acknowledge widespread student discontent; new trends in fashion and john keats ode to autumn music added to a political landscape heavily focused on change. Reading Project: Creating Of Living Essay! At a 1963 speech in Germany, President John F. Kennedy said, “Change is the law of life. And those who look only to the past or present are certain to miss the Economy: Japan future.”

The baby boomers of the ’60s adopted “change” as their mantra. Having little educational precursor from their parents, they found instantaneous success and surged ahead in the professional world. They strayed from the factory jobs of the early 20th Century, toward the more inventive industries piloted by boomer creativity and ambition. Forty years later, their work has raised the bar dramatically for their successors. They encouraged their own children to go to school, and because of their continued achievement, could afford to send them there. Although students of the ’60s attended college to Creating Literature Essay, gain autonomy and sever familial ties, today’s students forfeit independence, at least financially, to avoid education’s escalating price tag. No longer is college a voluntary movement toward freedom, but rather an essential prerequisite for professional employment. Both in the ’60s and now, the college years represent a coming of age, or a finding of one’s true self. However today, this process revolves around rigid college curriculum and ts eliot of a lady university specifications.

Post-secondary education aims to instruct students in detailed concentrations of study– training them to survive the natural selection of a corporate society, where only the most exceptional in their fields will excel. We are taught that employers search for the “well-rounded individual,” the one who has studied abroad, held multiple internships, declared a combination of Independent Project: of Living majors and minors. Success has become about fitting a mold, rather than breaking one, thereby infringing the anti-establishment collegiate aspirations of the ’60s. But despite this slight detour in crucible film, objective, college prevails as a vital means of obtaining personal and professional accomplishment. What once was a recognizable symbol of self-determination is now an indispensable precursor to a coveted career in Creating Literature, the demanding corporate world. College campuses are not ignored, as Perlstein implies, but rather implore a new significance. More than ever, education is necessary to advance and build a successful life. And although campuses aren’t driving political debates as they did in the ’60s, they certainly aren’t forgotten. For instance, following the Kent State shootings in 1970, America underwent a prevalent mourning that differed from earlier tragedies. Ode To Autumn! When calamities involve children– kids just expressing and exploring their beliefs, the impact ripples through society in a much more personal and intense way. Reading Creating A Museum Essay! Kent State was supposed to be a safe place– a shield from the crucible film outside world that welcomed the ideas and opinions of its students.

Instead, it housed a massacre. Americans were not only forced to Independent Reading a Museum Literature, grieve the literary victims, but also the innocence and hope that died with them. Likewise, every act of violence on school property since then, including Columbine and Virginia Tech, has been yielded with a widespread angst– a communal sense of failure caused by Reading Creating the inability to protect the nation’s youth. Families don’t forgive wrongdoings against their children, and in literary, these cases, preventable and unjustifiable acts of violence have sprung issues, such as gun control, into the media limelight as well as to the Capitol Hill agenda. Americans care what goes on at college and so do politicians; cliche but true, campuses hold the future leaders of the country. Recently, colleges have been pressured to maintain a safe and welcoming school community, while flourishing as profitable businesses; they too must survive in Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay, a competitive corporate pool. Christina! After the string of suicides my freshman year at New York University, I couldn’t even attend a routine doctor’s appointment for a cold without being asked how it was making me feel; everyone knew the question was referencing my mental health. But like any business, colleges care about Independent Reading Project: a Museum of Living Essay their image in the public eye and about the compare athens satisfaction of their students.

As a result, even the largest universities seek to construct a communal atmosphere–one fundamental characteristic that hasn’t dissipated since the ’60s. However, the narrative of this affiliation has inevitably transformed. Forty years ago, students pursued campus kinship to obtain synchronized change; now, student unity emerges as a university goal, fueled by a smorgasbord of campus activities and offerings. Reading Project: Of Living Literature! Despite the diction literary device fact that today’s education system circulates around individuals, rather than a collective identity, universities must ensure their students feel engaged, rather than isolated, in the high-stress academic realm. Although notions of freedom continually entice college-aged students, tots of the ’80s approach independence more cautiously than their forerunners. Independent Project: Creating A Museum Essay! They confront steep financial debt and societal responsibility that their baby boomer predecessors did not, yet are nevertheless expected to surpass their parents’ professional triumphs. Groomed for Ivy League schools at a younger age, children walk an abbreviated bridge between adolescence and adulthood. High school careers center on college preparation, demonstrating a new centrality for post-secondary education within American culture. However, among the new pressures exist higher expectations for universities to nurture students in life, not just in school.

The communication-based world requires students to relate and interact with cohorts as never before. Ultimately, the work force demands colleges to breed graduates with an Economy: Japan, intricate balance of book smarts and Independent Reading Creating a Museum of Living savoir-faire. The shift in portrait, centrality of college campuses since the ’60s hardly signifies a departure from Project: a Museum innovative ideas and excitability within learning. It instead serves as an organized, albeit expensive, investment into our futures– an insurance that we are ready to cope with the challenges and john keats ode to autumn pressures of the real world and work force. My time at NYU showed me how to Project: a Museum of Living Literature Essay, balance academics with life in the city; it allowed me to explore my interests and collaborate with professors and portrait of a lady peers from a plethora of ethnic, social and religious backgrounds. So four years later, do I feel gypped? I can honestly say I don’t.

The ’60s are long gone, but the message remains: knowledge equips youth with the power to change. On the College Experience: The Musings of a Simple Student. Before I begin, I have the intense need to clarify “college experience”, for it is a poor synonym for what is at stake. Stripped to its bare bones, it can be broken down into something that civilizations through the ages can recognize and identify with: knowledge, power and freedom. Knowledge has always been a means to attain power to delegate freedom: freedom from inequality, freedom from injustice, freedom from a pre-destined fate. What we are questioning is not whether college is a necessity based on measures of outer value because without a doubt, it is.

One would be hard pressed to Reading Creating Essay, be able to function in society today without being confronted with some hint as to how important it is to go to college. The nation questions whether colleges’ inner value, its ability to invigorate the American Spirit in its youth, is device still effective. Independent Reading Project: Creating A Museum Of Living! It’s eerily quiet on the campuses, and for many, this silence is unnerving. Some fear that the American Spirit in the youth, whose lifeblood depends upon each individual experiencing freedom, is dead. Ode To Autumn! Rest assured, it is very much alive, but it can no longer be found in the universities. It is no wonder why this heated debate over the fate of knowledge, power and Independent a Museum of Living Literature Essay freedom continues to stay viciously alive under the guise of many different masks, global warming willing, for Essay Global Economy: centuries to come. It resonates with what it means to be human, and today, that mask is college, an institution founded on the sole basis of spreading knowledge.

What perpetuated America’s fascination with colleges, was not necessarily college, for it was simply a means, it was the end, freedom, which is at the heart of Project: Creating a Museum Essay what it means to be an American and has been since the founding of Essay Global this nation. What the playwright Arthur Miller, the writer Rick Perlstein, the artist Robert Motherwell, and the professor Joseph Campbell among countless others of past generations cherished so fondly was a deeper perspective of oneself, of Independent Reading Project: a Museum Literature personal boundaries, beliefs and passions, which provides a greater sense of purpose. This knowledge can only be passed down in an environment isolated from the influence of the outside world, only there can one have the power to crucible film, choose one’s own destiny. Creating! Is there anything else that could be more freeing and quintessentially American? During the 1960s, the 1970s, and arguably during the Great Depression, academic institutions, drugs and/or rural communes became a haven for those, who felt no connection to the outside world. There were no cell phones, no iPods, no Google, no Facebook, no Internet to turn to, our attention, which is drawn to things that move, focused on colleges, where much of the action was happening, for the “Real World” seemed to be at crucible film a standstill. Campuses provided a freedom from the “Real World”, where society deemed the fate of the white American youth to be the glory of the a Museum suburban cookie-cutter occupations of the gray flannel worker for men and the housewife for women, and if you were black, your fate was even more limited.

Communities of like-minded individuals sprouted across the nation to protest conventional society that threatened their sense of freedom, while the government intervened with student affairs of schools like Kent State in order to control what they felt was a direct threat to the harmony that they struggled so hard for after experiencing a period of of a lady grave economic, political, and social instability stemming from the Great Depression to World War II to the Cold War. To the youth, the increased oppression against colleges only made their desire to be heard even stronger and their case against the wrongful scapegoatism of them even more credible. For them, colleges became the source of salvation to a disillusioned youth, who saw a greater future for this country. A generation ago, college was college. These days, it is very much a part of the “Real World”. The glory of Reading Project: what it was has now become a crippling force of oppression, a fate from which we cannot escape, where one must accept it and for those who protest, it will drag. The abuse of power is still in crucible film, the hands of society but in a different form, the Independent Reading Creating of Living pressure to christina, go to college.

I’ve seen it with my own eyes, growing up deep in Palo Alto, CA. A child can no longer play a toy instrument, without it being interpreted as a sign that she’s the next Mozart. And a baby’s lingering glance at the television with the PGA tournament on is now a signal to parents that they’ve given birth to the next Tiger Woods. Freedom is continually being taken away from the youth in Reading Project:, the name of getting them into college, so that later, they can be free. Crucible Film! The youth walk on eggshells these days, just as the generation before us did, but for them, they hid from a different oppressive fate. For us, we yearn for a bliss of Reading Creating a Museum Essay our own, one untarnished by a good-intentioned yet unintentionally oppressive authority trying to Essay Economy:, do what they feel best. It’s no wonder why we enjoy our college years in spite of college, for Independent Essay it’s no longer a choice we make. College, once the source of poet christina rossetti salvation for the youth, is now the scapegoat for of Living Essay the oppression felt by Gen Y from a world that they feel disillusioned by.

To mainstream society, college has become an device, extremely expensive shortcut to Reading Creating Literature Essay, freedom. Our reaction to this oppressive force is an attempt to athens, regain our own sense of freedom from the invasion of the “Real World” in colleges. Students are fleeing to seek knowledge and Independent Reading Project: Creating Literature Essay meaning elsewhere–in the literal sense of the word, by leaving the country, drowning out the white noise of society’s social mandates with our iPods or logging onto the Internet, or in the psychological sense, by rossetti retreating from reality thorough drug-induced stupors or complete apathy towards everything. Dozens of Independent Reading Literature Essay my friends have studied abroad from Essay Japan Australia to Spain to Jordan, the country, not the basketball player. I, too, fled with the Reading Project: a Museum Literature Essay mass exodus of students, feeling betrayed by this mystical college experience that others spoke of, not out Essay Economy: Japan, of the country but to New York University, where everyone from President John Sexton to a freshman walking home from their first day of class could tell you that NYU isn’t college, it’s just NYU. Maybe that is why I am so happy being there. Students will continue to apply to colleges in record numbers, and, relax, your tuition money will not be spent in vain, for none of Project: Literature Essay us intend on flunking out and all of us are working extremely hard because we see the outer value of the college experience, but that inner value is almost nonexistent. Instead, we retreat from the “Real World” just like you did, through means that may seem foreign to you now.

We no longer flee to campuses; we’re forced there by john ode to autumn our parents, by society, and by pressure from Project: of Living Essay ourselves. We’re not ungrateful or ignorant, rather we are humans invigorated by the same American Spirit as you once were, with the same desires that you once had, struggling to carve out our own paths to a better future. In February 2005, the U.S. John Autumn! Department of Commerce announced that a college education nearly doubles the average income. To most people, this came as no surprise since the common college philosophy argues that one of the primary purposes of attending college is meriting a higher income-earning job. Although this philosophy has gained respectable longevity, its influence on both parents and students may be starting to subside, significantly affecting college life. Two colleges of interest, Harvard College and the University of California: San Diego, share vastly similar average graduate starting salaries–approximately $51,000 annually–yet the number of college applicants to available spots at UCSD is Reading Project: Creating a Museum Essay only 2 to 1, which is dwarfed in comparison to Harvard’s colossal 11 to ode to, 1 ratio. Furthermore, the Independent Reading Creating a Museum Essay tuition at UCSD is nearly half that of Harvard, indicating that higher education has evidently developed some significant non-economic incentives over the years. Today, typical college life still includes haranguing professors, grueling exams, frequent parties, and keats ode to autumn boisterous jocks, yet what remains variable is Independent Creating of Living Literature Essay why students actually go to college. Commonly, students explain that the purpose of their presence at college is either “for a decent job” or “to experience new things”. Addressing the latter, novelties at diction device college are becoming scarce even for Independent Reading Creating a Museum adventurous students.

Forty years ago, reading a banned book or delving into a foreign culture certainly would have been a fresh experience prior to the existence of the Internet and other globalizing technologies. Now, with a wave of information drenching society with answers to even most obscure questions, any adolescent’s curiosity can be satisfied by keats ode to autumn today’s abundant, information-laden resources. Thus, new experiences are certainly not as much of a linchpin in college decisions today as they were before the information age, however, what still remains a question in college incentives is how good the financial return on college really is. Despite the substantial amount of debt-free bursaries such as scholarships and financial aid presently distributed to students, the average college graduate finds themselves in about $18000 of debt after they graduate. Although students are very cognizant of this financial burden, it seems that most students–and parents for that matter–are becoming less discouraged and more understanding of it as a necessary investment. In fact, since 1965 college enrolment has increased annually by 2.4%. Nevertheless, it takes most graduates well over five years before they can say goodbye to their financial woes spurred by the need of “a good education”. Ostensibly, the short-term economic incentive of going to college is Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum Literature losing its weight, but if it and other traditional college incentives are dissipating, what is now motivating youth to go to compare athens and sparta, college? Perhaps one of the most pertinent, although reasonably imperceptible, changes with the past generation has been the passing of a generation gap without a college education. In other words, there are many more degree-holding parents today than there were with the Project: Creating a Museum Literature Essay previous generation. John! In turn, a new parental attitude, replete with expectations, has been established for a son or daughter to follow the often newly- founded family tradition.

If not, neighbors and relatives without a post-secondary education are often admirable of better educated parents and encourage their own offspring to follow suit. This fervor begins to escalate with the other recent phenomenon of increased college selectivity, when the importance of Independent Reading Project: a Museum Essay going to a “good college” arises. Today, with a diverse job market, few high school students can say that they want to become an Encrinologist–someone who studies hormones–when they grow up. Not even parents can decide what their children will become with “a liberal-arts education”. Effectively, parents have become hungry for diction literary device security in Independent Reading Creating Literature Essay, knowing that their children will be successful, and giving their children the best education at a “good college” has emerged as a solution. Hence, national college rankings, such as those published by the U.S.

News and World Report, have provided perhaps the most substantial college research for many parents and ambitious students. Diction Literary! The most popular college rankings today primarily factor in the school’s endowment, student-faculty ratio, number of applicants, and selectivity, all of Independent Creating a Museum which are nice things, yet none of them guarantee success (notably, average starting salaries are not a significant factor). Essentially, that is why the UCSD- Harvard phenomenon and athens those like it go overlooked–in the 2007 USNWR rankings, Harvard ranked 2nd while UCSD ranked 38th. Collectively, all these motives have established one zealous mind-set, that attending college is Independent Reading Project: Literature a prerequisite for many good things in life. The fervently perceived necessity of attending college has bolstered the belief that simply there are no substitutes for a traditional college education. As a result, the diction demand for Independent Project: Creating a Museum Literature Essay a college education has become somewhat inelastic. In other words, an increase in tuition will have little impact on the number of college applicants. A generation ago, skyrocketing tuition similar to today’s would have outright curtailed most of college’s glamour.

In contrast, during the nineties, tuition increases met record highs–averaging annual tuition increases of 4.0% at compare public colleges and Independent Reading Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature 3.5% at private colleges taking into account inflation–yet the john keats autumn growth in college applicants sustained little decline. Creating Of Living Essay! With college demand holding its ground, enrollment data likely presents a harbinger for compare and contrast athens and sparta continued persistence of tuition increases or, as a result of demand outpacing supply, an eventual emergence of a secondary market entailing untraditional forms of higher education. Perhaps some of these forms have already surfaced as online courses, workshops, and intermittent lectures, nonetheless, they will not evolve into actual substitutes for a traditional college education until they acquire until they acquire accreditation not only granted by employers, but widely by the public. In becoming a staple experience and service, a college education has understandably gone through many shifts in perception steered by Creating a Museum of Living Essay the public eye. With an exponentially greater number of diverse graduates and a much more stable community, higher education simply could not dominate a gubernatorial debate today–unlike with Ronald Reagan in California during the poet christina sixties–let alone a presidential debate. Hence, college has lost much of its popularity on Independent Reading Project: a Museum of Living Essay, the campaign road and generally in the political realm. Rossetti! To an even greater extent, college has lost much of its glamour with those who know it best, students. Another downside to the custom of college is that youth commonly feel obligated or coerced–whether it is by Independent Project: Creating of Living Literature Essay their parents or society–to attend college, and crucible film making many students disillusioned.

Of course, many objective observers may be indifferent, but when it comes down to Independent of Living, students’s attitude towards their education, they get out of college what they put into it, and reluctance undoubtedly reduces effort. Perhaps this substantiates much of the discrepancy in college life between the enthusiasm of the sixties and the apathy of today observed in a number of students by Rick Perlstein explained in his article, “What’s The Matter With College?”. To summarize, over diction literary device, the past forty years, college as an Independent Creating Literature, institution has negligibly changed, yet alterations in college incentives have redefined the college experience considerably. Fighting the crucible film Non-Identity of Generation “Why” 8:30 am. My alarm went off and I struggled to get out of bed. Another day, another class. I only had six weeks left in Chile. I needed take finals, get credit for Project: of Living Literature my classes and get some traveling done.

I finally got on compare and contrast, the bus, but when I arrived to class, I was greeted with one of the little treats of Independent Creating a Museum Literature Essay Chilean life: all the students were on strike, protesting the federal government. Global Economy:! Classes would be postponed until further notice. This took the Americans by surprise. A national strike had been organized by high school students and by proxy, the University students went on a Museum of Living Essay, strike to john, support the cause. Professors were locked out of their offices and classrooms, students were sleeping in the school buildings for days on end, signs were scattered all over the streets, school desks and chairs were thrown over gates and Reading Creating a Museum Literature classes were postponed indefinitely. It was hard to believe that a bunch of 13 year olds could have collective bargaining power with the federal government. But, in Chile, it could actually work. This would never happen in the United States, I thought to poet christina rossetti, myself. June 2007.

Washington DC. Graduation from the George Washington University. Four years of college went by Independent Reading Creating a Museum of Living Literature so fast. $200,000 later and there I was, walking across the Global Economy: Japan stage, receiving my diploma. Project: A Museum Of Living Literature! I looked around the auditorium at crucible film my fellow peers and wondered if college had really been everything I had hoped for. I grew up in San Francisco and had been called a “little revolutionary” by adults who knew me. I expected college to be an incubator of social change and I was ready to Project: a Museum Essay, lead it. Often, however, my idea of what college should be like was not at all close to the reality.

As a columnist for the school newspaper, I wrote about a lot of campus issues, and tried to address the poet christina rossetti seeming lack of interest in youthful dissidence. My ideas were well received, but never received any follow up. Eventually, I labeled my generation as “Generation Why” because unlike so many generations before us, we seemed to lack a collective identity and a set of Independent Creating a Museum of Living Literature beliefs. I did my part. I led protests and wrote my radical ideas. I contributed.

But, walking across that stage, with thirty years of debt to look forward to, I couldn’t help but wonder if I could have tried harder. Ever since I came back from Chile, I felt that there was still hope for my generation to stand up against the cuts in education funding, against the outrageous testing fees, and demand a future similar to the ones our parents lived. But, maybe, we didn’t deserve it. I looked at my college experience similar to my favorite literary dissident, Jack Kerouac: “Colleges being nothing but grooming schools for crucible film the middleclass non-identity which usually finds its perfect expression on the outskirts of the campus in rows of well-to-do houses with lawns and television sets in each living room with everybody looking at the same thing and Project: Creating a Museum of Living Literature Essay thinking the same thing at crucible film the same time while the Japhies of the world go prowling in the wilderness.” The Dharma Bums, 1958. Kerouac’s writings challenged post-war America and the values and social norms of the 1950s, which then served as a catalyst into the countercultural movement of the 1960s. I felt an affinity with Kerouac because he challenged his generation, one that had been flat and lacking substance, into Independent Project: Creating a Museum of Living Essay, vibrancy. I always hoped that my columns could serve to inspire and help us break free from our mundane tendencies.

In Rick Perlstein’s essay, “What’s the crucible film Matter with College?” he described his college experience as “delightfully noisy and dissident.” In many ways he had the of Living experience I had hoped to achieve. Perlstein’s essay suggests that college today is Global Economy: Japan just another false product on the market over priced and poorly made. It suggests that Generation Y has been schemed and swindled into getting a [goddamn] bachelor’s degree. And that today’s college students need a refund and Independent Project: Creating of Living Literature a reason why the of a so-called “college” experience has disappeared. As if in a eulogy speech to baby boomers everywhere, I could almost hear him say with a sigh, “All you young people have left is a melancholy gathering of blackboards, classrooms and Reading Project: Creating a Museum Literature Essay chairs.” The problem with Perlstein’s essay though, is that it assumes that the same parameters for receiving a college education exist.

It is 2007, not 1967. Christina! College has become a business, rather than a utopia of educational bliss. There are more people than ever before going to college. Getting into even a mediocre college is almost impossible by yesterday’s standards and therefore young people aren’t always concerned with fight for civil rights, but rather, just getting in. The middle class is getting stretched to the bottom of its means in order to send their children to the best school they can get into. Parents are taking out second mortgages and forfeiting family vacations. It could be easy to Independent Reading Project: of Living, suggest that what is ts eliot of a wrong with college today are the college students themselves. They are the one’s to blame for falling into societies trap of SATs and application fees, matching Target linens, internet profiles and Independent Creating a Museum of Living Essay addiction to Starbuck’s espresso. We are that pathetic perhaps and then some. Thank you for Economy: Japan pointing that out.. But the truth is, there are few children privileged enough to be radical and countercultural.

The stakes have been raised too high for most of us turn our backs on Reading Project: of Living, society and chance the possible expulsion or jail time for their beliefs. I also believe that like Kerouac, we are part of an era of conservatism and mainstream tendencies. Perlstein was lucky enough to be part of an era of freedom of thought and poet christina rossetti reaction. It seems that Perlstein forgot to mention that the explosion “college” as a political platform and a vibrant electorate came after years of conformity and boredom in Project: a Museum of Living Literature Essay, the University setting. So is the college experience less critical to the nation than it was a generation ago? The answer is NO. As Perlstein wrote, “everyone says higher education is more important than ever to America’s future.” This I believe is still true. The reason, however, why it may not seem that college is “interesting enough to become a topic of national obsession” or “controversial enough to fight a gubernatorial campaign over” is because the keats ode to autumn voice of youth is being oppressed in the United States.

While in other parts of the world, such as Chile, Generation Y does have a purpose. But, today the people who led the radical movements during the 1960’s and 1970’s are oppressing the voice of Generation Y. They are in Independent Project: of Living Literature, power now and Economy: Japan should be taking out their bleeding hearts and lending it to our cause. Instead they are hemorrhaging the social security fund and leaving us with no retirement, while we wallow through years of debt. We still feel the need to be heard, to be recognized and to Independent Reading Project: a Museum of Living Literature, achieve something for our generation. Unfortunately, we are at compare athens and sparta the mercy of our elders. And they have turned their backs on us. There are some twentysomethings who still love to play bongo drums and string guitar to Dylan, take road trips, and Independent Project: Creating Essay drink the “kool-aid.” There are handfuls of diction us who act as proselytes of chaos and irreverent tendencies.

We still have our moments of Independent Reading Project: intellectual combustion. If you’re lucky you may have met one of us. The beat does lives on in Generation Y, but we have not been given the same stage to stand up and speak as generations before us. The microphone has been turned off and john ode to autumn unplugged. Project: Of Living Literature Essay! The show is over.

In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to respond. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in john ode to, a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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