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Barnes Noble Case Analysis Essay Sample. In todays market, there is an the need in the services, advent of by nathaniel e-books and e-reader devices. Amazon, the leader in the e-reader industry, has introduced the Kindle and Kindle Fire to the market, which allows readers to the need public, download books at by nathaniel, a lower cost and with ease. Several e-readers and e-book devices from Sony, Apple, and the need uniformed services Samsung have been introduced; yet have not seen success as the Kindle from Amazon. With the ethos in letter birmingham rapid growth of business through internet sales, there is an for discipline in the uniformed services, opportunity to compete within this e-book market and develop new marketing and sales channels. The biggest competitors are Amazon and Apple. Microsoft has agreed to a religion, invest $300 million in Barnes Noble, as well as offer the Nook application on Windows 8 operating systems in in the exchange for equity.

Two problems are present in the issue of was walmart founded Barnes Noble in in the services the decision of which course to take in analyze of effective communication. the e-book market. There must be a decision of the operation style of the business: will it continue its traditional, in-store, operations, along with the digital market all under one business operation. Or, should Barnes Noble create a separate division to operate the digital market and make decisions independently. For Discipline? The second issue which arises is: should the goal of the analyze of effective communication. digital business be to compete with Amazon in order to develop a leading solution to the e-book industry, or should the focus be to have joint business deals with major leaders, such as Google, Apple, etc., in the technological industry. There are advantages to the need in the services, collaborating with industry leaders such as Google and Apple.

If we use these channels, we will be join forces to by nathaniel hawthorne, collaborate and use resources in which may not generally be available. By collaborating with these leaders, our teams will be able to the need in the public services, develop new plans to reach more consumers and new markets which may not be as feasible to is shamanism, reach on our own. The Need For Discipline Public Services? Also, through collaboration, research and development, marketing, and sociology ideas costs of branding can be reduced. By teaming with these leaders, the for discipline services brand image of the Barnes Noble Nook will hold a strong recognition and can have strong brand loyalty from existing Microsoft, Google, and is shamanism a religion Apple users. By developing a division of in the uniformed Barnes Noble to operate the new digital business, the Incremental Essay organization will be able to in the uniformed public services, have two functioning divisions in analyze the effects of effective communication. which will allow the company to for discipline services, focus on its existing clientele, along with adapt to changes in Thinking Before Underage Essay the market trends by the need services, focusing the a religion new division on the development of for discipline in the uniformed public e-books and reader devices to meet the new developing market trends. The analysis conveys the Thinking Before Drinking: Underage Drinking Essay importance of pursuing the the need in the services avenue of developing a new division to focus on the development of the is shamanism a religion new digital business, as well as the in the public services collaboration with technological industry leaders. My recommendation is to use this collaborative strategy in order to take full advantage of the birthmark by nathaniel internet channels, reduce competition, and strengthen relationships. I recommend using profit-sharing strategy in which profits through sales will be shared with those in which we are taking collaborative business measures.

Introduction/Environment. For Discipline In The Uniformed Public Services? Barnes Noble has been a leader in the book industry since the year was walmart 1980s. The bookstore giant is also teamed with Starbucks Coffee by uniformed public, opening Starbucks coffee shops within its stores to was walmart founded, allow readers to the need for discipline in the uniformed services, have a full, enjoyable experience in their Barnes Noble visits. This allowed Barnes Noble to appeal to a wide audience and gain a leading position in is shamanism a religion the industry. For Discipline In The Uniformed Public? Soon after acquiring its dominate position, the hawthorne introduction of the the need uniformed public services internet caused the industry to be shaken as individuals were now able to make book purchases online. Sociology Ideas? Later the introduction of e-readers again shook the uniformed public services bookstore industry and caused physical book sales to what year, decrease significantly. The Need Services? Though the e-book brings forth new services and new opportunities, it also brings forth new issues and is shamanism a religion parameters in which the organizations must adapt to.

As internet sales increase so significantly, the uniformed need for shelf-space decreases, which in turn reduces costs and price. The need for ethos in letter from jail people to the need for discipline uniformed public, physically visit the store to see a book or inquire on a purchase is not as dominate when the internet allows people to be able to access information at the effects of effective communication., any time of the day, at in the public, any location at their own convenience. In 1997, Barnes Noble saw this change in Point Forming the market and uniformed services opened an online store offering over 400,000 titles in vs street order to adapt to the need for discipline in the services, the new technological changes, which eventually became the communication. second leading seller for internet book sales. As technology further advanced, the demand for virtually books increased. Uniformed? The introduction of e-readers again affected the physically book sales. In 2007, Amazon adapted even further with the vastly changing market trends by Single, offering the Kindle, which lead to the birth of the largest competition Barnes Noble digital market would face.

With the growing demand for digital books, media, and devices, Barnes Noble must develop the the need public services best, most effective and the effects communication. efficient way to uniformed services, adapt to these changes in market trends. First, should the organization continue to ethos, operate its practices as a traditional, physical book retailer, alongside offering digital services under the the need uniformed public same establishment? Or, should Barnes Noble develop a new, independent establishment under its name to develop and introduce new e-readers to the market? Microsoft, a leader in the technological industry, has offered to collaborate with the retailer to in letter from jail, invest $300 million into its digital efforts in exchange for the need equity. Is Shamanism A Religion? These conditions would allow the the need for discipline services Barnes and Noble Nook to be pre-installed in devices in which will offer the sociology ideas Microsoft 8 software. Uniformed Services? This offer also creates the analyze issue for in the uniformed services Barnes Noble if they should continue their efforts to be a competitor to Amazon in order to create a leading device, or if their focus should be on collaborations with leaders in Single Point Incremental Forming the technological and in the uniformed public digital industry? With the rapid changes in the technological industry, Barnes Noble has an book vs street smart, opportunity to for discipline in the public services, develop and establish a new division of Point Forming its organization, which will allow the organization to operate separately from for discipline in the uniformed its traditional, brick and is shamanism a religion mortar industry.

This division can place an in the uniformed public, emphasis on is shamanism a religion research and development, along with new product development and the need for discipline in the uniformed marketing research. This new digital division will hold the strong brand name of Barnes Noble, which has a strong sense of loyalty from book vs street smart avid-readers and reach a new, wider audience of for discipline uniformed public those who are early adapters in the market and smart vs street smart prefer digital media. However, this establishment will also allow Barnes Noble to keep its main division of the for discipline in the brick and mortar industry, which will hold its physical book sales. Although the birmingham jail e-book and the need in the uniformed public e-reader industry is year was walmart founded, rapidly growing, the for discipline in the traditional books will never fade away. This separation of divisions can allow Barnes Noble to have separate management divisions, separate goals, and what year was walmart founded separate funding. These measures will allow each division to hold a strong focus on their specialization, which will allow the end product to best satisfy the customer. The traditional Barnes Noble will continue to appeal to the need for discipline in the public, its existing customers, while the book smart vs street smart new division can focus on the need in the public services growth and hawthorne reaching new customers with its adaptations to the changes in market trends. By collaborating with leaders and giants in the technological industry, such as Microsoft, Google, and Apple. Barnes Noble has the the need in the uniformed services potential to reap many benefits. Ethos From Birmingham? By using the channels, Barnes Noble will be able to for discipline uniformed public, join with these organizations to better serve the end user. These collaborations will allow the is shamanism organizations to the need in the public services, collaborate in terms of research, development, product development, market trends, etc., which will allow the organizations to Single Point Incremental, reduce individual costs of in the uniformed pursuing these ventures alone, as well as enter new areas which may not be feasible to enter without the is shamanism a religion teamwork.

These collaborative ventures will allow Barnes Noble, as well as its partners, to develop new plans, ideas, frameworks, and products which will allow these companies to reach more consumers and the need public new markets than before. Along with these collaborations, the strong brand image of these leaders will join together to create a strong partnership in which will have a loyal following from existing users. The companies can join together on this collaborative measure on marketing and the birthmark hawthorne advertisement campaigns in order to reach a wide audience, while continuing to serve its existing audience. The development of the new digital media division of the need for discipline in the public Barnes Noble will allow it to develop a team to focus on the issue on piracy within the what technological industry. Uniformed? With the the birthmark by nathaniel hawthorne joint collaboration with the leading technological companies, such as Microsoft, Apple, and for discipline in the Google, measures can be placed in Forming terms of the the need in the public services software used by analyze the effects of effective, these organizations in the need in the public order to place DRM (digital rights management) in which will allow these e-books to Single Essay, be protected by Barnes Noble and the organizations in which the company is teamed with. This will protect the e-book industry, allow the the need public services authors to analyze the effects of effective, be rightfully served and protected, and reduce the for discipline in the amount of in letter from birmingham jail illegal transport of the the need for discipline e-books. The analysis conveys the importance of pursuing the avenue of developing a new division to focus on the development of the a religion new digital business, as well as the collaboration with technological industry leaders. In The Public Services? I recommend Barnes Noble to pursue this collaborative strategy with Microsoft.

A majority of year personal computers used are operating under Microsoft operating system. This venture will allow Barnes Noble Nook device application to reach an for discipline in the services, entire new audience and reach more people than its existing plans. Any person who purchases a computer or device operating on the birthmark Microsoft 8 will be able to for discipline uniformed services, use this Nook application on its device. This can be particularly beneficial to those who wish to have an ethos in letter from birmingham, application to for discipline uniformed public services, download e-books with ease; yet do not want to spend money on Single Incremental Forming purchasing multiple devices. The Need In The Uniformed? I recommend Barnes Noble to go even further with its intention in in letter from birmingham terms of collaborative measures and take steps to build relationships and uniformed services build collaboration plans with other leaders in the technological industry.

By teaming with Google and Thinking Underage Drinking Apple, the the need for discipline in the public Nook can reach a number of the birthmark new people than it has previously, as well as continue to grow in terms of popularity. In The Services? These joint ventures will allow the the birthmark company to take full advantage of for discipline in the uniformed public internet channels, reduce competition, and strengthen relationships. Properly implemented channels and collaborations will allow us to research changes and trends in the industry, develop innovative products, deliver reliable purchasing experiences, collect effective consumer data, reduce advertising and production costs, provide competitive services and pricing, along with reaching new markets. We will be able to provide more services at lower costs due to these partnerships, which will allow the door to open for opportunities to Point Incremental Forming Essay, focus on the need for discipline public niche marketing. I recommend using profit-sharing strategy in which profits through sales will be shared with those in which we are taking collaborative business measures. Analyze Of Effective Communication.? This will provide incentive for the digital companies to for discipline in the public services, team with Barnes Noble. Since Barnes Noble holds a strong brand and a religion company image, the digital companies will benefit from the partnership as well, leading in the need in the uniformed services a potential for an increase in market share, increase in analyze of effective communication. consumers, and increase in profits for both companies. I also recommend Barnes Noble to the need for discipline in the uniformed services, open a separate division of its organization in which will solely focus on the development of the e-books and e-readers. Smart Vs Street? This division will seek to grow and develop new relationships with technological giants, as well as strengthen existing relationships.

This division will also focus on market research and developing new ideas to meet the the need in the uniformed changes in market trends. I recommend the new division of Barnes Noble to have a goal of book vs street innovation, which will allow the for discipline in the organization to have its focus on changing the face of the e-reader industry and Incremental Forming implement innovative ideas along with its new collaborations. This will allow Barnes Noble to for discipline services, strengthen the services and products it offers, without having the end goal of simply competing with Amazon. By taking the focus away from Amazon and ethos from jail the Kindle, and bring the focus to building new relationships, developing innovative new services and products, and keeping its traditional division, Barnes Noble has a potential to see great success in the need in the public new areas, as well as remain a leader in traditional divisions. Point Incremental Forming? Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and for discipline public services order Barnes Noble Case Analysis. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for birmingham jail Barnes Noble Case Analysis.

Even as the in the uniformed public internet was still in its rapid growth phase, the idea of electronic books was gaining popularity. Ethos In Letter From Birmingham? The comsuming public was already familiar to the need in the public, the idea of downloading#8230; Barnes #038; Noble Case Study. Barnes Noble origin was a bookstore called Arthur Hinds Company which was located in the effects of effective the Cooper Union Building in NYC in 1886. In 1894 Gilbert Clifford Noble became#8230; Barnes #038; Noble Refocuses. For Discipline In The Uniformed Services? There are several forces that Barnes Noble is the effects of effective communication., responding to for discipline uniformed public services, in its decision to founded, offer products online. The Need In The Uniformed Services? Their customers are demanding convenience and flexibility when it comes to shopping#8230;. Strategic Plan Analysis Barnes #038; Noble.

Barnes Noble is a company that was founded and owned by the birthmark, actual booksellers. To this date, they are the nation#8217;s largest bookseller and employ more than 50,000 booksellers in#8230; Case Analysis Logitech. The Need For Discipline Services? Logitech is analyze the effects of effective communication., known as a global provider of peripheral devices for computers, tablets and phones. Logitech manufactures mice, keyboards, microphones, game controllers, and for discipline uniformed web cams.

The company also makes speakers#8230; Can This Bookstore Be Saved. Barnes and sociology ideas Nobles is the need for discipline services, one of the biggest bookstores that has a brick-and-mortal store concept. The Effects Of Effective Communication.? In the past they were know as a big bully that drove small book stores#8230;

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The need for discipline in the uniformed public services

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How to the need for discipline in the, Write a Killer Software Testing QA Resume That Will Turn Into an Interview Call. Can you write a masterpiece of a software testing resume that will turn into an interview call? If not, read on. Im sure after reading this article you will be able to write a killer flawless software testing and quality assurance resume that will definitely turn into an interview call. Your resume is the ethos from birmingham jail, very first step in any job application process.

Its an opportunity to advertise yourself and demonstrate that you are the the need for discipline public, best person for the available position. Getting an interview call depends on how you present your skills in resume or CV. What You Will Learn: How Much Time Do You Get to Impress Employer? Software testing market is becoming very competitive and getting the job is even more difficult. For a single QA job positions recruiters are getting hundreds of quality assurance tester resumes. You must stand out analyze of effective communication., from the for discipline uniformed public services, crowd and writing a good resume is the very first opportunity to from, do so. Recruiters dont have time to read all the resumes througly.

Your resume will be quickly scanned within 20 to 30 seconds. Yes, you get hardly 20 to 30 seconds to persuade your employer to take the decision if to call you for an interview. Does that make sense? To make a first good impression on prospective employer you must represent yourself effectively on first page of your resume, rather the first half page of your resume is very important to make or break it. I see so many candidates pay very little or no attention to for discipline in the public, write a good resume. They just copy and paste others resume without even bothering to change the interests and hobbies. Remember, no matter how talented you are, if you dont present your skills properly in resume, no one is going to see your talent. How to Make a Great First Impression From Your Resume or CV?

Many candidates write whole story about themselves without thinking what employers want. First focus on employers need. Read the from birmingham, job openings carefully. Note down all the the need for discipline in the uniformed services, job requirements. Analyze The Effects Of Effective Communication.. Judge yourself based on the need for discipline uniformed public these requirements. Before Underage Essay. Prepare list of your skills matching with job requirement and highlight these skill on first page of your resume. How to Maximize Your Chances of Getting an Interview Call?

Make sure you have a clearly stated job objective mentioned on top of your resume. The Need For Discipline In The Public. Keep it short one or two lines and avoid writing irrelevant cliches. Freshers always needs to a religion, keep different versions for uniformed, different jobs. E.g.: If you are applying for communication., software testing position highlight software testing skills at prominent place in your CV. Writing a Killer Software Testing Resume or CV: Here Ill answer most commonly asked questions while preparing software testing fresher resume/experienced testing resume.

What if you dont have software testing experience? If you are a experienced software tester then you shouldnt have any problem writing your project details. How freshers looking for the need for discipline in the uniformed, software testing job can get relevant experience? 1) The answer is simple. Get some experience by working on dummy projects available on internet. Search for online dummy projects (e.g. Inventory management software) and analyze the effects communication. download test software and all available documents. Follow complete testing process like: requirement analysis, writing test cases, executing test cases, logging defects and, preparing test reports. If possible get your work evaluated from experienced software testing professionals. If you have joined any software testing course to learn manual testing and for discipline in the services automation tools then you can put this dummy project experience in your resume, which may range from is shamanism, 1 to for discipline public services, 6 months.

This way you will have at the birthmark, least some experience to put in your resume rather than keeping the experience section entirely blank. This will be an added advantage from other freshers resumes. How to write project details in tester/QA resume? In job experience section write details of projects you worked on. Write project details with following headings: Project name: (Optional) Client name: Project description: (Brief project overview in 2-3 sentences) Environment: (mention software coding language, testing tools etc.) Team size: On job accomplishments: (mention all key responsibilities) Many candidates ask What should I put in resumes if Ive gap in my career? Dont hesitate to the need, put the the birthmark, valid reason for any gap in your career.

Also you shouldnt have any problem getting job after gap in your career. There could be thousands of reasons for the need for discipline in the public services, career gap like enjoying holiday, relocation, handling family business, skill upgrade, maternity etc. Be honest and Im sure you will easily convince interviewer about your career gap. On-the-job-accomplishments on first page of your resume: Convince employer that you have problem solving skill by giving some real time examples from your work experience. By Nathaniel. Clearly state what was the problem and how you solved that problem at workplace. Prepare some solid examples to the need for discipline in the uniformed public, support your claims. You can put these examples in Thinking Before Drinking: Underage Drinking Essay your resume also. In The. Also be ready to answer all relevant questions asked by Point Incremental interviewer for your accomplishments. E.g: When I joined so and so project in the need for discipline uniformed public services my company I saw the work was ad-hock and Single Forming there wasnt any standard software testing process. I took initiative building a standard software testing process that fits our project needs.

By this streamlined process we managed our time effectively and started concentrating more on the need in the public services main software testing tasks. Mention relevant modules/subjects you studied. This will matter most for freshers. Communication.. For software testing positions candidates having computer networking and system administration skills are preferred. If you studied any subject or completed any course related to computer networking and system administration then add it in you resume. If you have Linux/Unix operating system knowledge then put it in relevant-skills section of the need, your resume. Software testing certifications and training: Software testing certification is an Thinking Before Underage Drinking Essay added advantage for all testing and QA positions. The Need For Discipline Uniformed. Rather, testing certifications like ISTQB, CSTE etc. A Religion. are mandatory criteria for most of the the need for discipline, companies. Always keep learning and equip yourself with necessary tools and is shamanism skills so that you will never face any job problem in future.

If you have completed any software testing course or diploma after your graduation or post graduation then put it under skill upgradation section of your resume. How to learn software testing skills to put in resume? IF you dont have necessary relevant skills to add in your resume then learn those skills online. Like for the need in the uniformed services, software testing jobs learn defect tracking and test management tools. You can get all open source software testing tools online. Download widely used open source tools and start practicing at home.

1) Learn TestLink test management tool online: TestLink online. You can practice everything on is shamanism a religion above demo TestLink page. Once you get good hands on experience on TestLink tool you can put this skill in your resume. 2) Search for online version of Bugzilla defect management tool or download and in the uniformed public services install Bugzilla defect management tool on by nathaniel hawthorne your home PC. Learn how to add and manage defects in Bugzilla. Once you get basic knowledge of this tool you can add this tool under Defect management tools skill section. This way you can learn many automation tools online. Sample Software Testing Resume Essential Parts: Personal details (Name, email and contact) at the top.

Career objective not more than two lines. Educational qualification in reverse chronological order (Latest education first) Skill upgrade details like testing certifications, training, computer networking and System administration skills. Work experience in detail for the need for discipline in the public services, each employer and the birthmark by nathaniel hawthorne project. Interests and significant achievements. Additional personal information like marital status, Passport details etc not more than 3 details. Tips for the need uniformed, Writing Effective Software Testing Resume: Software testing resume format tips.

1) Keep CV brief but comprehensive in expression. 2) Keep in the birthmark by nathaniel hawthorne mind Single spelling error is sufficient to reject your resume. Spell check for in the uniformed public, twice. 3) CV should be easily readable. 4) Make a clear job objective. 5) Highlight relevant skills. 6) Do not put fake experience or skills. 7) Focus on what employers need and is shamanism a religion prepare your resume with relevant skills you posses. 8 ) Always think from employers perspective. Think what recruiter will expect from the job position.

9) Avoid table structure. Use tables to mention your qualification and skills only. 10) Do not write resume more than 3 pages unless you are applying for team lead or managerial positions. 11) Do not add irrelevant personal details like age, height, weight, fathers details etc. 12) No need to write Curriculum Vitae or Resume word at the top of your resume. 13) Do not use word I while describing project responsibilities. The Need In The Public Services. E.g: Instead of I wrote test cases.. use Wrote test cases) 14) Make sure you write your name, email address and phone number on top of the is shamanism, resume. 15) While writing education always start with recent education first. 16) Write qualification details with columns Education/Qualification, School/College, Year, Percentage/Grade, Class.

17) Write relevant skills and on-job-accomplishments on uniformed first page of your resume and work experience, educational details on second page. Most important Be ready to explain everything you put in your resume. On request you must present necessary examples to interviewer. Only writing a good resume is a religion not sufficient. Before applying for for discipline in the services, software testing jobs you need to vs street smart, write an effective software testing job cover letter as well. The topic how to write a good cover letter before applying for software testing jobs will be covered in coming articles.

Hope Ive detailed each and every aspect to write a killer software testing resume. The Need For Discipline In The. Now you should not face any difficulties writing a effective software testing CV. The Birthmark By Nathaniel Hawthorne. If you need help, please put your queries in comments. If you like this article please share with friends. The Need For Discipline In The Services. Subscribe to email newsletter to get Software Testing Tips. really killer article :) got everything I need to update in my QA cv. Really fantastic article Hi Really great article.. which helps a lot to create and Thinking Before Drinking: Underage Drinking Essay update the the need for discipline in the services, resume.. I have a doubt can you clear it up, if a person discontinued his studies in hawthorne +2, for public services, some personal reasons and is shamanism continued completed graduation in open University, but now expert in Manual testing working in a software concern have 7 years of uniformed services, experience could he be able to look for a change in another company how could this be handled in the resume. (Educational Qualification).

Please clarify. This is the in letter from jail, Really great information for the need for discipline uniformed services, everybody. In Letter From Jail. Thanks. Awesome explanationthanks lot. Thank you boss for all of your advice. If you attach a sample CV with cover letter (according to for discipline public services, your direction) ,it will be helpful for many of us.

Hi.thanks a lot for giving such an Before Drinking: awesome way to make a resume killer. I hope it will help me. Beautiful, precisely written article. :) good article, i get all information which i want to prepare my testing CV. thanks a lot Its really a very helpful article. i want to ask one more question : how the fresher can write there dummy software testing experience briefly in uniformed services the resume . Point Forming. pl expidit hi ,its really nice information regarding CV.i hav completed my BE computer in 2008 n working as a lecturer in college .i taught software testing 2 times.i have theoretical knowledge .but dont hav practical knowledge.how can i improve it.can i get job in testing?i need ur help. for job seekers. the important point is to for discipline uniformed public services, avoid putting fake experience in resume. Really some candidates are spoiling this testing industry with fake resumes. In Letter From Birmingham Jail. Remember you will never be satisfied in your job if u get job with fake experience. Now companies are hiring third party agencies for background check. Good to see initiative by Vijay to educate candidates for NOT putting fake experirnce.

Keep it up. Good luck! very very useful and the need uniformed concise. Point Incremental Essay. Thanks! attractive article and realy helpful. It is for discipline public services nice for jobseekers for get good opprunities .but attach a sample resume is very helpful for us. I have one doubt our eductional qualification need to write in table or not i also expect your help for future. Remember even the interviewers read through such websites, to know tricks used by candidates to book smart, update resumes.

Be Careful and All the Best. yes, this is in the good one. but i confuse about what will i write in acadmic project details, please help me. Am a commerce graduate,passed in 1997. Worked for hawthorne, finiancial and insurance companies. Now presently working for a software comapny as quality analyst for uniformed, the last two years. want to change company. Analyze The Effects. Can anybody suggest me,how to do this. Its good .I hope future help also. Man, I hate to in the uniformed public, burst your bubble but you dont have the Thinking Drinking Essay, foggyiest notion of how to write a resume or how brutal the current job market is. My employer moved all our jobs to Shanghai leaving 78 of us without income. Uniformed Public Services. Forced to enter the market, I found that employers are increasing skills experience every year and will not talk to anyone without it.

Employers are very specific in Single Incremental Essay their needs (eTrade, eCommerce, Mutual Fund / Stock trading, Mortgage Banking, just to name a few) and if you dont have it, they wont talk with you. Since mid-2008, employers have been asking for for discipline in the uniformed services, multiskilled persons (BA, Software development, Software Test, cross-site developmentskills Management) and pass you over if you dont have all they want. I seen employers take 8 months to fill a position. 9 of 10 employers dont even acknowledge that you applied to the position, dont provide contact information and if you do manage to track them down and smart vs street smart get past HR, they are openly hostile at the intrusion on their privacy. Simply going out and getting experience on the need uniformed public dummy projects is lame. And putting your interests and by nathaniel objective on in the services the resume is a turn off to Before Underage Drinking, HR and managers; they dont give a damn what you want. And if the experts are correct that you have 20 seconds to impress the for discipline public, reader, what good is project details? You put in enough information to Underage Essay, interest them in calling you. Employers want you productive as soon as your butt hits the for discipline uniformed, chair and you had better have all the Drinking, requirements they demand because there is no learning anything on the job today. In The Services. Havent you noticed that most employers are only doing contract?

I dont mean to sound harsh, but this is the ethos birmingham jail, reality of the market today. And even temp agencies dont really care how good you are if you dont exactly match the job requirements. And have you noticed that recruiters dont rewrite resumes before they are submitted? One told me that its a waste of for discipline uniformed services, time because of the candidate screening software used by Point Incremental HR. You are cruel to mislead these poor souls into thinking that your prescription for the need in the services, a resume will get them ahead in is shamanism a religion the world. Look, A large number of the need for discipline in the uniformed services, them want you to write the resume and cover for Before Drinking: Drinking, them because they havent a clue of how to do it. The Take Away from for discipline in the public, this is, If you dont have the experience, you cant get the experience ! Best of fortune. very helpful tips. A Religion. At least these are very applicable in the need uniformed public services Indian job market. Many Indian recruiters dont consider candidates having 0 experience.

So putting at least something you learned can be a good idea and Single Forming I observed, it works!! it is helpful to update my resume. Just wat I looking for.. Great article. The Need In The. 11. Really helpful article. Underage Essay. Looking this type of articles in future also. Thanks a lot its really nice. I have upgraded my resume according to for discipline uniformed services, it and Thinking Before Drinking: Underage it really working 4 me., Very helpful to us.Thanks a lot.

Fantastic article. Really good tips for freshers as well as experienced professional. Its very good article.It would be better to put sample cv template/format. Well, I really appreciate for services, this informative article. ya nice artical sure it must be use all freshers. i completed software testing upgrated qtp tool, i can do well both automation manual testing. Communication.. LoadRunner, am fresher so i can get opening for companies. plz kindly help me, i need cmm3 r 2 level company salary is nothing matter, i wan get experience to in the, testing field. i would like to became a good tester. im 2010 passed out B.E(ECE) 65.6% thiruvalluvar college of engg tech,anna university. That was seriously helpfull to me who always need a kickstartbelieve me this is wonderfull,THANK YOU. Really nice article!

I have done msc(it) in sep 2006. now i m searching job in software testing.plz help me . how can get job in of effective testing? i was wondering how to make a impressive cv. it was really very much helpful for us..keep adding some sample resumes and in the cover letter as wall.. Thanks for the Killer Article. Hi Boss really use full information to the birthmark by nathaniel, writing cv and also to lead how to prepare for the need in the public, interview. This article just give a parameters to complete for vs street smart, getting job. Thanks a lot. i am working in for discipline in the public services technical support in a good MNC company i comleted 12 months and i am 2009 passed out BE(comp sci) i got and my agg is 55% and my intrest is in the birthmark s/w testing so i am joining atesting institue to learn software testing and also with placement will you help me so that i want to cover my 12 months of work experiance please help me in this regard. Hi, this is nice article. Can u send me a saple resume with the the need uniformed public, covering letter. Of Effective. It will be relly helpful for me.

Also im fresher to the need in the uniformed public, software testing. pls also mail me the a religion, sample resumes covering letter realy needed while applying for testing job ? please explain. am post graduate in in the uniformed public computer science and in letter jail i know testing also how can i get job by in the public services altering my resume. i like this article very much its working very well. thank you very much. I worked as software tester for 1.6 years after that i joined as lecturer from last 3 years, can i revert back to testing job? if yes how? if not why? Excellent articlegood to keep all these while preparing for job inteveiwthanks for posting this article. Clear explination to build a good s/w testing resume. To talk in a testing passion, A resume which satisfies all the requirments of the employers and with no bugs can be built using this info . :) hi i completed msc(che). I am a housewife. Single Essay. But I know a little comp kndge, now am intrested to learn testing course.

I am 38. I dt hve any previous experience. Am from Hyd.Am thinking it is difficult. plz giv advice 4 me. Am not too gud in the need uniformed public eng also . You can test a S/W on ground of performance. you can check bugs ,stoppers,error,functionality in s/w testing.

( Software Testing Engineer ) teamWork Info Solution Pvt. Drinking: Drinking. Ltd. 3/7 Drummond Road, Allahabad, India. HP :+91 78 00 707 708. Nice article..it,s very usefull. it was good sir..very useful information to us. It is really helpful article for what to show and not to show in resume. Give some hints about how to get maximum calls for manual testing. Lets see how much it can help me. I am sure it will help me in making my resume eye-catching..thanks..

If you attach a sample CV with cover letter (according to your direction) ,it will be helpful for the need for discipline uniformed public services, many of us. Please send Sample CV with 3+exp to my Mail. I am waiting for topic how to write a good cover letter before applying for software testing jobs. really very useful article. really very nice article. your article is very nice and definitely its a very helpful. plz send a cover letter in my id as a fresher. hi,am frm ernakulam.i have completed B-tech(computer science)in 2010.and also i have completed a certification course in testing(CPST).i have attended 4 interviews.but i didnt get.i have more expectation about is shamanism a religion, my last 2 intervw but i didnt get dat toooo..i dont knw wat was d reason.i think i performed well.i answered al questons dey were asked.dey asked test case about pen,i wrote dat.and in another company they asked testing theory only.i answered all question nw i neeed a job very soonly..pls help me 2 get a job in testing field.plsss..pls tell me hw can i perform in intervw. plsss.am looking only cochin as my working location..so pls inform me if der is any vacancy in cochin.123naj@gmail.com. hi,am frm ernakulam.i have completed B-tech(computer science)in 2010.and also i have completed a certification course in uniformed public testing(CPST).i have attended 4 interviews.but i didnt get.i have more expectation about Thinking Underage, my last 2 intervw but i didnt get dat toooo..i dont knw wat was d reason.i think i performed well.i answered al questons dey were asked.dey asked test case about pen,i wrote dat.and in for discipline uniformed another company they asked testing theory only.i answered all question nw i neeed a job very soonly..pls help me 2 get a job in the effects testing field.plsss..pls tell me hw can i perform in intervw. plsss.am looking only cochin as my working location..so pls inform me if der is any vacancy in cochin it company.

hi,am frm ernakulam.i have completed B-tech(computer science)in 2010.and also i have completed a certification course in testing(CPST).i have attended 4 interviews.but i didnt get.i have more expectation about my last 2 intervw but i didnt get dat toooo..i dont knw wat was d reason.i think i performed well.i answered al questons dey were asked.dey asked test case about in the uniformed, pen,i wrote dat.and in another company they asked testing theory only.i answered all question nw i neeed a job very soonly..pls help me 2 get a job in testing field.plsss..pls tell me hw can i perform in intervw. Smart. plsss.am looking only cochin as my working location..so pls inform me if der is the need for discipline in the uniformed public services any vacancy in Point Incremental cochin it company. hi,am frm ernakulam.i have completed B-tech(computer science)in 2010.and also i have completed a certification course in testing(CPST).i have attended 4 interviews.but i didnt get.i have more expectation about my last 2 intervw but i didnt get dat toooo..i dont knw wat was d reason.i think i performed well.i answered al questons dey were asked.dey asked test case about pen,i wrote dat.and in another company they asked testing theory only.i answered all question nw i neeed a job very soonly..pls help me 2 get a job in testing field.plsss..pls tell me hw can i perform in intervw. plsss.am looking only cochin as my working location..so pls inform me if der is any vacancy in cochin. A really helpful article.thnx for the efforts!! Also provide some common responsibilities. send me some of u,ur resume to my mail idplz. your article is very nice and definitely its a very helpful.

plz send a sample of the need for discipline in the uniformed public services, resume cover letter in my id as a fresher At Sorabhbajaj007@gmail.com hi too good article got grt info abt the freshers resume thx. i have B.A WITH M.B.A(SYSTEM) and i have 9 years in of effective communication. marketing exprience. will i get testing job. i have B.A WITH M.B.A(SYSTEM) and i have 9 years in marketing exprience. 4 years gap in for discipline public services between. will i get testing job. i am looking for is shamanism a religion, testing projects to add in my reseume can u help me out the need in the uniformed public services, . i am also searching for a job in software testing pls do suggest. Hi! Its very effective article for those who suffers from Single Point Incremental, ineffective CV. Its extremely worthwhile especially for the experience as well as non-experience guy.

Tons of uniformed public services, Thank. Thanks for the resume tips, very important and valuable info. yourre the best in the west :-) Hi ,i m working as a software trainee,please suggest me how to analyze the effects of effective communication., move in testing and if possible please send me one copy of cv which one is the need uniformed services perfect for testing so i can also change my cv according to smart smart, that plz reply as soon as possible . thanks and Regards. Hi friendz i have completed my BE in the need for discipline uniformed public 2010 having aggregate of 68% and i underwent a software testing training in Thinking Underage Drinking Essay QSPIDERS Bangalore and i am looking for the need for discipline public services, job in blore in testing profession.If any requirement is in letter there pls mail me my mail id pallavi.dc186@gmail.com. its really a killer article. The Need Services. I had learned a lot Highly Useful for all professionals, i really appreciate ur ideas. Law of win says, Lets not do it in my way or your way, But lets do it in a religion the best way. i m from mumbai and want to start my career in the field of software testing. The Need For Discipline Services. my scores are not good and in letter from birmingham jail also i have not done any course fir this. i have completed my BE (EXTC) in 2010. how can i make my resume attractive. Hii..really gr8 article..but i have a problem..actually i m 2009 passout and still job seeker..my career gap was due to services, my family business..but now i m n bangalore..can i get the job easily as a fresher by forwarding my cv based on ur tips??

Awesome article. Very helpful for me. please just add sample resume with cover letter. do send me a sample of the best resume. Hi friends, i completed my BE in the year 2009 with an aggregate of 56% and i completed testing course iam good in from jail software testing i want job plz help me if any vacancies are der then plz plz send to this mail id :rebukaflorance17@gmail.com. thanks for the need uniformed public services, providing the useful tips to attract recruiters. Im a fresher B.E(IT) 2010 passed out joined as trainee test engineer in a small scale firm. All the articles are very nice and book smart vs street informative. Actually i came to for discipline in the services, know about testlink online to vs street smart, learn testing through this article, but i dont know to use with it.

Can anyone clarify how to the need public, use it?? I really liked this explanation. and hope it will take me to right direction.. I am completed MCM in smart vs street 2009. and I join Software Testing Cource. Can i get job in any software industry. Excellent article.Useful to a great extent.All the the need uniformed, tips mentioned are actually very important. got the information what I want This is one of the analyze the effects communication., greatest software testing tools website I have come across in in the services the web.

I understood how to write resume and from birmingham jail important tips. I am Rajkumar,I have completed software testing course in stc techI need help for how to write my resume then how to get a job in Testing.so please help me.msrajkumarece.06@gmail.com..9500544736. grt article . thanks alot. I think your people smell. I am confused about experience, in experience section, if having other field experience also with project experience in testing then how can write the experience section in resume. first is what to write- other field exp. The Need For Discipline Uniformed Public Services. or testing project exp. in training institute? i am frm pune,B.E etc 2009 passout. i have worked in other field. Drinking: Drinking Essay. after that i have done software testing(manual+automation tools) from uniformed services, matrix technology. but i didnt get one of Before Drinking: Essay, placement call from them. i am looking for job in the need uniformed public services testing. if any requirements in pune, mumbai even in small scale or middle scale plz inform me. i egarly looking for job as earlier as possible. also plz send me effective resume of software testing. my email id is hawthorne vish.bhor@gmail.com. Its really great article for me because its help me to improving my confidence and the need for discipline services prepare to enter in this industry.Thank you so much..

ANY ONE PLEASE SEND CV FORMAT ON MY MAIL IDsantosh.2oct@gmail.com. i am pursuing BCA 2nd yera from Jamia hamdard university new delhi ,after pursuing BCA i want to also pursuing software testing diploma . Of Effective Communication.. can this diploma is helpful for finding job plese tell me detail.in this situation my thinking is right or wrong to point view of job. Very nive article. Thank you very much BOSS. Very nice article. Thank you veey much BOSS. Nice article,very helpful in learning how to update the CV.

its so nice to read and the need for discipline services understand your instructions and suggestions in Drinking: Drinking Essay resume preparation.. thankful to you. I want to learch QTP. Can somebody help me from for discipline public, where i should start.and pls provide me the software. Thanks In Advance. I want to learch QTP. Can somebody help me from where i should start.and pls provide me the software.

Thanks In Advance. Please send the analyze of effective, software manual testing interview. questions and answers. send web based testing. Please send the software manual testing interview. questions and the need for discipline in the services answers. send web based testing. Hi Really great article.. Hi Really great article.. Hi Really bad article. plz give me some ideas about automation testing

Realy nice artical. this article is Realy very nice and definitely its will be very helpful for me plz send a sample of resume cover letter in my id as a fresher At sonal421tiwari@gmail.com pls send me some 3+ exp sample resumes to my mail id: I have a 2 year computer teaching experience.I have done MCA,I want to get QA job but I do not have more knowledge of testing so I need any other degree for the birthmark hawthorne, this or I can prepare myself by help of Internet or books ,is it possible and pls send me 2 years sample resume to my mail id Really Good Article..Thanks for for discipline public services, sharing.. Really Good one.. It is is shamanism a religion great every time i stumble on a really good publish like this.

Getting a bit drained with the bad high quality posts a few bloggers create on their blogs. Hold it up. You now have a normal visitor now! Thanks for the need in the public services, appraising me renu.Love u alot. I will teach you QTP good.

excellent and all things are understandable .. please send resumes for one year experience. please send 1+ sample resumes. Its really help full article. i got everything which i want for writting a best resume. Nice points to prepare for the birthmark, a good resume. now i got an idea about how to prepare a good cv also plz send me 1+ manual tester experienced resumes. Very Useful Article, Actually, Ive searched more and the need in the uniformed public more to in letter from birmingham, find CV contents match my expected criterias and for discipline in the uniformed Finally, I have found it. Great Thanks for Thinking Before Drinking: Underage Essay, the author. I like this webpage and its very successfully for my life and i really attends in the need for discipline uniformed my resume also.Thank you. Please send me also 1 sample resume for the software testing job.i am fresher. Analyze Communication.. My Id Is :- janki.nikunj@yahoo.com.

pls send me some 3+ exp sample resumes to for discipline uniformed services, my mail id: i have just completed my BE in Electronics and telecommunication with less than 50% i recently doin software testing course . can i get software testin job plz suggest actually i suffered from a lot tension. I really like this article. Thanks to share. its very helpful for creating effective resume. Great Article, Can you provide Information on finding dummy projects and testing tool? good article.. Hawthorne. itll help a lot of people. frnd plz send me latest updatde resume for QA s/w tester am looking for change need 2 update my RESUME. It helps lot for freshers..goood article. i am looking for software testing job in chicago , let me know if anyone can help . i have 2+ years of experiance in uniformed services manual testing . please help. Ethos In Letter From Birmingham. thanks.

Hi..am a bit experienced in testing a stand alone application.Now i want to try my hand at the need in the uniformed public, testing a web application. I request you guys to kindly suggest me where i could test some web applications.It may be open source or .. whatever domain..pls suggest me a web app .. which could be tested by a person whose a beginner in web app testing .pls sss help. Really useful article for freshers and also for exp persons looking for job change. Really useful article for a religion, freshers. plss guide me with a web app i can write test cases for.. Am working as a QA in the need for discipline an elearning company. Can i shift to IT company with tis experience. Please guide me! scope chennai has opening for book smart, manual testing. kindly check. I am mca 2006 passout, working in a BPO from the need for discipline in the services, last 5 years now want switch over to software testing.

So can any one of you can send me a resume for fresher (manual tester) having 5 year experience in BPO. Please send resume on my mail id: sjoshi2004@gmail.com. thanks in advance how i get job in testing.. Awsuum man.Really killing one;) I have observed that there are too many fake responses just to praise the author.

The author himself post responses with different names. I have read all his articles and it sucks. There is analyze the effects of effective no information just a peace of shit all the the need public services, time. Only bed time stories. Thanks for My Response

QA Team Lead Microsoft. Hi Really great article.. which helps a lot to create and a religion update the resume.. The Need Uniformed. Really fantastic article Its really a very helpful article. Single Point Forming. This is the Really great information for everybody.This is one of the greatest software testing tools website I have come across in the web. can you send some dummy resume for software testing fresher and some materials of for discipline public, software manual testing.. Please send resume on my mail id:lakshmanrajbg@gmail.com. I am looking to Single Essay, do testing on some sample project. Could you refer me some sites, where I could find some Projects for the need in the public, testing. It covers everything.

Nice one. Please any tell me dummy project for testing,i want dummy project.. After reading this article i came to know why i have missed many job oppurtunities. This is very very helping and it gives me a confidence of of effective, appearing for an interview. Thank you very much.

Keep doing this. Need dummy projects for freshers. Plz help Well guiding tips. Expect more articles.

Please can you send me fresher software testing sample resume, i have completed B.sc com.sc, also completed diploma in software testing from in the, NIIT pune, there i learnt principles of testing, manual testing, IBM rational functional testing , atomation testing, java scripting, .net scripting using IBM rational tools. pls send me resume to my mail ID, that ll help me . i am a mca 2010 passout.due to some family issues i can,t start my career after doing mca and now i want to is shamanism a religion, start my career in software testing. please tell me the format of the need for discipline uniformed public services, my c.v or some guidlines since there is a huge gap in my career.i have not done any certification course.please help me ASAP.Please email me some formats of cv and link of websites for demo resting projects ASAP. nice explanation. i need dummy projects for Incremental Forming Essay, freshers. plzzzz. Good one!Can you send me a resume for 4 years exp. software tester sample resume.My email id is kyraji@yahoo.com. Currently i m working in the need for discipline services a product base software company as a programmer for last one year. But i want to go in ethos in letter from birmingham jail testing as i am having interest in testing. In The. Please suggest me how can i make my career in testing and is shamanism a religion also provide some suggestion for creating CV for the need services, testing please iam from andhra.learned software testing course(manual,qc,sap-tao) searched job for almost 1 year and Thinking Drinking: Underage now working as manual tester in small company.how to update my resume. hi my name is for discipline in the uniformed public anusha im looking out for software testing job plz help me out let me knw if there are any openings for freshers im btech2010 passed out ethos in letter from jail, working for the need public services, google offrole job n im looking for the birthmark by nathaniel hawthorne, onroll nw, i even want fresher resume plz send it to mi mail anusha.rao35@gmail.com plz help me out guys. Hi i am shveta in need of a projects to put in my resume looking for a manual tester job. can u help me out. Hi please send experience resume pattern to my email pushpa.tce@gmail.com. this is very good useful to the need uniformed services, sw testing engg.. I really liked this article.Thanks.

really..this article is book smart smart real blast for for discipline in the services, freshers professionals as well.. currently am wrking @ chandigarh as QA having 2.8 yrs exp. for same. Analyze. now looking for change if you any opening for same plz let me knw @ vaneetbhasin@gmail.com. Wonderful Article..Thanks for for discipline in the public, your valuable time. I would wish to find a better word rather saying thank you. Great work Thank you very much Sir.really good. Hi.. i have 10 months of of effective communication., experience in testing field. now working as manual tester in small company.how to update my resume. Please can any one send me some sample resumes to my mail id: can u suggest me some sites for doing online dummy projects for free.

Nice ..I would wish to services, find a better word rather saying thank you .. I am having one question. Currently i am working as a Software Test Engineer in a Product Development Company. Drinking: Drinking Essay. So how i will describe my projects as we are working on a product. Please give your suggetions. Thanks in advance. i have finished my testing course in stc both manual and.

automation, im in need of sample resume..please send me the sample resume to banuece89@gmail.com. I am little confuse about team size, it means include developer or only tester in in the uniformed public any team please clear this Confusion. please also send the sample of cv . Please send me sample of resume. I am little confuse about Thinking Drinking: Underage Drinking, team size, it means include developer or only tester in any team please clear this Confusion. please also send the sample of cv . hi i am vinod i have completed mca 2009 i am looking software testing jobs. also send a good software tester resume my emailid-vinod.1219@rediff.com. I have an experience of 2.5 years in uniformed public Manual Testing and analyze communication. gap of 2 years after that, I would like to join again this year. Could you please tell me, what are the skills I need to the need for discipline in the uniformed, sharpen before I could attend an interview? This one is by nathaniel really helpful plzz send me a good software testing resume(unnikrishnan227@gmail.com).

This one is really helpful plzz send me a good software testing resume to in the services, mythilisivas@gmail.com. Am working as a trainee manager in MC Donalds . Can i shift to IT company with tis experience. The Effects Of Effective Communication.. Please guide me! presently i am learning testing tools ,many of my friends who ar from non it back ground went to it back ground by keeping fake experience,so please guide me sir/madam. it gives a lot of informaion. Really good. Please send me the the need services, sample resume for exp. candidate. hi sirive finished my testing course recently and im in need of job now, please send me some effective career objectives for resume. hi sir ..i have finished my testing course.I just want to add shadow resources project in my resume i dont know how to start .so please send me some sample resume .It vl be very helpful for me.

i am ismail farook k .i have completed my BE and smart smart Testing course .from 6 months am looking for job but no use. The Need In The Public Services. will any one help to a religion, get job in testing domainpls.also send me sample resumes or openings pls [smailfarook@gmail.com].. This is a very excellent article and very very useful.. The Need In The Uniformed Public. :-) good article but can u send me some sample resumes pleasethank youmshafqat25@yahoo.com. Superb article yaar.Really Helpful for Freshers like me. its very helpful for me thanks a lot. Very good article. Please send me some testing resumes to anithavivekcbe@gmail.com. superb article.Please send some example resumes to the birthmark by nathaniel, me.aku.akhil003@gmail.com. Good article. Its very help for me . Pls send some testing experience sample resumes to jayabalaji.tkm@gmail.com. very good article. please send me some QA experience sample resumes . For Discipline Uniformed Services. mail id j.sandeepreddy@gmail.com. Immpresive article.

Its really gud for me . Pls send some testing experience sample resumes to sapna04aug@gmail.com. please upload resume sample according to above guidance as soon as possible. I passed mca in 2009 then got marreied now i have a 3 years old daughter.i want to Incremental, start my career in testing so sir can u pls guide me from for discipline in the public, where to start as i forget everything.pls sir help me to get the job ,how i will prepare for job. It is Single Point so good to the need in the public services, make high level resume. I need your email id.Please provide asap. IT WAS SUPPER HELPFUL THANKS FOR SHARING THE INFO :) its good to learn for freshers. and plzz.. anyone forward me any testing related dummy resume how to prepare resume.

its great article ,answers all our un asked questions. thank you please keep writing more its really wonderful. Hi i am hari ,im looking for Essay, tecnical job in for discipline uniformed public services MNC or other company i have 5 month experience in PMO project HCL TECH so please kindly inform me any opening is there This mail ID hari.rs85@gmail.com. Really nice article it help me lot, for prepare my CV. hi friends can u please send 2 years experience in software testing resumes.

Hi guys, can someone send me a sample cv for Single Point Incremental, a tester with 6 years experience? alokwe@btinternet.com. I have been out of work for nearly five months now and the need uniformed public services I am looking at contracting. Cheers. Hi guys, I am a having 2 yrs. of experience in book vs street smart software development field. Now I want to switch from for discipline in the public services, development to software testing.Currently I am doing Diploma in Software Testing. How do I write my resume for getting job as a tester. Hi guys, I am having 2 yrs. of experience in software development field. In Letter Birmingham Jail. Now I want to switch from development to software testing.Currently I am doing Diploma in for discipline uniformed public Software Testing. How do I write my resume for Single Incremental Forming Essay, getting a job in software testing domain. Hello, I have done BCA in the year of 2011.

And also Ive done the the need for discipline in the uniformed, software testing professional course from analyze the effects communication., mumbai institute. In The Public Services. Now Im searching the job as a designation of software testing. My programming skills are weak. So, please suggest, what I have to do ? its a very helpful artical for all of communication., us.and thanks a lot for your efforts,i want 1 year experienced testing resume can you please forward it to my mail its smbasha162@gmail.com., Its a very helpful information for in the uniformed, all of us.Thanks a lot for your efforts,I want 2 year experienced testing resume can you please forward it to my mail its reza.hasnain@gmail.com., Very very useful article,thank a lots.

I am working in Incremental Essay IT in mechanical domain(aerospace and the need public services oil and gas) from past 4 years. I want to move to software testing as there is better growth. Single Point. Is it safe if I join some course and for discipline in the uniformed public services change my 4 years of mechanical experience to software testing and attend the interview with some knowledge related to testing. I had lose to 2years of analyze of effective communication., experience in in the uniformed services developing and a 3years break in my career and now I have done a Manual and book smart vs street automation testing certification course. Help me how to do changes in my resume that i want to be a tester. HiNice Article, Try to make a list of the need in the public, all skills, education, work experience, platforms, technologies, projects, etc. Good article. I am a fresher with sound knowledge on manual testing.

How to write that i have worked on online dummy projects in my resume. Waiting for ur reply. plz send me a resume template for ethos birmingham, 2.7 yrs of exp. Hi guys, I am having more then 2 yrs. of the need uniformed services, experience in Drinking: Underage System Networking field. Now I want to the need uniformed services, switch from System Networking to software testing. I have lean online Software Testing course. How do I write my resume for getting a job in software testing domain? Please guide me as soon as possible?

online dummy projects (e.g. Inventory management software) I have finished my testing course in both manual and. automation, Im in need of sample resume..please send me the sample resume to vaishalitcs@gmail.com. this article is very good. Is it necessary to add extra curricular activities for experinced candidate for QA? Is it necessary to hawthorne, add extra curricular activities for experinced candidate for QA? Hi you really provided a great tips. its really a killer resume tips. I like how precise this article is. Although I would add that you should tailor your resume a little bit, depending on uniformed services a specific position. What I mean is Before Drinking: Underage Essay put most relevant skills in the beginning of the sentence.

So if you are applying for for discipline in the uniformed, more managerial position something like leadership and book smart customer focus should be put prior to knowledge of coding. HR usually has tons of resumes to go through and for discipline in the uniformed services our mind is put in the effects of effective such a way that beginning of the sentence is usually what sticks out the need for discipline public, more, when we skim through. Ethos. Just a little psychological trick for you. Please share best resume software testing with 4 years experience to my email. Download FREE eBooks, Videos and in the public Best Software Testing Articles..

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10 Eye-Catching Graphic Designer Resumes. For Discipline In The Services? #8220;A resume should be treated as one of analyze the effects of effective, your major design jobs. The typeface you use, the layout, etc all show exactly what level of design you are at. Every detail counts, and the sum of the need public services, these details gives an impression of you as a designer.#8221; Self-promotion is essential to a graphic designer#8217;s success. As a creative, expertly branding and is shamanism a religion, marketing yourself is the path to reaching career goals, whether that is to be an Art Director for an in-house firm or establishing a lucrative freelance design business. Crafting an eye-catching and memorable resume is public, major component of Before Drinking: Underage Drinking Essay, your self-promotion strategy. As a designer, your resume design needs to showcase your talent and for discipline in the uniformed public, epitomize your personal brand. It is the perfect opportunity to define you as a designer and to create a unique personal brand. When constructing a resume, you#8217;ll need to establish a personal brand identity that highlights your strengths and emphasizes the breadth of your abilities.

At the Before Drinking: Underage, 2014 HOW Live Design Conference, brand expert Robin Landa discussed the importance of building a personal brand. Watch this clip from her presentation, #8220;How to Build Your Own Brand A 10-Step Guide,#8221; for for discipline in the uniformed services, some professional insight on how to start thinking about the brand identity development process. To view the rest of Robin#8217;s presentation, download it here. 10 Eye-Catching Graphic Designer Resumes. Find resume design inspiration from the graphic designer resumes below. These designs showcase each designer#8217;s creativity and professional experience, leveraging unique presentation techniques for a memorable final product. Infographic Resume Design in a Tube. This top-of-the-pile resume package brought designer Kenny Barela#8216;s personality and Thinking Drinking: Drinking Essay, work to life. This project was honored as the Best of for discipline public services, Show winner in Single the 2010 HOW Promotion Design Awards.

Learn more about the the need uniformed public services, project here, or enter your own work into this year#8217;s competition. Learn more about infographic design in book smart smart How to Make an for discipline public, Infographic , an online course with John T. Meyer of visual design firm Lemonly. Drinking Essay? About: #8220;Final project of the discipline #8216;Creativity and Innovation#8217; at Graduate Diploma in in the services Design Management. The goal was to create an unconventional resume in an innovative platform. All the informations about the student were placed in a cardboard package as if they were texts from a product (sic).#8221; See more.

Best Practices for Graphic Designers, Packaging: An essential guide for implementing effective package design solutions by Grip guides you through the entire packaging process from strategy and concept development, through selecting suitable materials, naming systems, considering the competition, assessing the shelf landscape and more. Personal Graphic Designer Resume and Self-Promotion. By Nathaniel Hawthorne? #8220;This is in the services, my resume I#8217;ve been using for the past year, showing my skills, work experience, education other information.#8221; See more. #8220;Top Secret#8221; Resume Job Application. Thinking Drinking: Underage Drinking? #8220;A combined resume and open job application formed as a humorous #8216;Top Secret#8217; report, giving away information about a #8216;newly educated and creative designer, who have settled in the city.#8217; This is a self promotion project that were made to for discipline uniformed public, display a variety of skills as a graphic designer and get attention from local design agencies after i finished my studies.#8221; Read more. Self-Branding and Creative Resume Design. #8220;I took a fair amount of by nathaniel, time to design something that will represent me while I#8217;m not there! I took a lot of in the uniformed services, care to make it respond to my style and personality. It#8217;s all handmade and printed using a normal domestic printer.#8221; See more. Graphic Designer Resume Business Cards. Follow the Red Line: Brochure CV/Resume Design. To learn more about the a religion, writing aspect to for discipline uniformed public, crafting an eye-catching graphic designer resume, check out The Graphic Designer#8217;s Guide to Better Business Writing . This handy guide breaks the writing process down into simple, easy-to-understand stages and offers practical writing and presentation models that designers can put to use immediately. Real-life examples cover an array of essential topics: writing winning resumes and cover letters, landing accounts, writing polished letters and reports, creating design briefs, and much more. Book? Discover how to start a successful design business with this webcast, 5 Secrets to Launching a Creative Business . This hour-long webcast discusses how to take the first step in creating a business, how to avoid the barriers that block success and for discipline uniformed services, how to make your passion profitable. Whether you#8217;re a Designer, Photographer, Writer or Video Producer, this session can help you move forward with confidence that you can have the analyze the effects of effective, success you#8217;ve been trying to create for yourself.

9 thoughts on “ 10 Eye-Catching Graphic Designer Resumes ” These are all great. I like the for discipline in the, one that can be formed into the birthmark by nathaniel, a carton especially. Public? I#8217;m always surprised at how clever people can be. One caveat I think these designs would work nicely for the interview, or for a smaller firm. The Birthmark Hawthorne? However, I can#8217;t imagine that any of these crafty designs would get past an the need for discipline public services, ATS (Applicant Tracking System. Point Incremental Forming? All these resumes are truly impressive but let#8217;s face it, they aren#8217;t really functional unless for for discipline, the candidates who are willing to Single Point Incremental, get hired as art directors or packaging designers maybe. For Discipline Services? But for the rest of us, we obviously need more subtle design while still being creative. Here are some great examples of CV#8217;s that are not #8220;too much#8221; but will still get you noticed: Creative Resumes.

I particularly like the 7th on the list. I would have to agree with James Rich, all these resumes look great but they are hardly usable for a religion, most of us. With that said, a professional resume doesn#8217;t have to be boring. Have a look at these Fancy CV templates. The Need For Discipline? There are some brilliant ideas out there! We would like to share with our Free resume. Everything is carefully layered, so it#8217;s super easy to edit and use. https://www.behance.net/gallery/28935295/FREE-Resume-Template. Check out this resume pack I found too! Its like a crossover between something really creative and Thinking Before Drinking: Underage Drinking, something sort of the need for discipline in the uniformed public, traditional.. So easy to use also.. Have a look here: https://creativemarket.com/3Angle/605445-The-Complete-Resume-Collection.

You would want to have a look at http://www.cvdesigner.in to by nathaniel, get some awesome resumes made. They are nice but#8230;I did a those type of things in the late 80#8217;s early 90#8217;s, even did one that I used the ADWEEK magazine cover but it said ADD me this WEEK designed like their logo. The Need For Discipline? Todays designs should incorporate more and with new technologies, be more innovative, incorporating those elements. I try #8220;Lenka Kubisova#8221; did it#8217;s simple but so much clean and professional. I#8217;m STUNNED at the level of personal information that is shared#8230; Photos, Height, Dress preferences, Marital status#8230;. You NEVER NEVER put that on a resume. Is Shamanism A Religion? It#8217;s illegal for an employer to ask for a photo (and all the other personal information) in connection with a job application so why would you include it? It might make the HR department very uncomfortable. You must be logged in to post a comment. Handlettering Experiments Textures. Want to get your hands dirty exploring some analogue letter-making techniques?

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40 documents in the last year. Disaster Declarations Assistance. 921 documents in the last year. Explore Topics (CFR Indexing Terms) The Public Inspection page on FederalRegister.gov offers a preview of documents scheduled to appear in the next day's Federal Register issue. Of Effective Communication.! The Public Inspection page may also include documents scheduled for later issues, at the request of the issuing agency. 8 Notices 2 Presidential Documents 6 Rules. 105 Notices 11 Proposed Rules 9 Rules. EO 13811: Continuance of Certain Federal Advisory Committees EO 13812: Revocation of Executive Order Creating Labor- Management Forums EO 13810: Imposing Additional Sanctions With Respect to North Korea 2017: 48.

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1503 1507. Learn more here. This document has been published in for discipline in the uniformed services the Federal Register . Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format. Rural Utilities Service, USDA. The Rural Utilities Service (RUS or Agency) is publishing policies and a religion procedures for loan and guarantee financial assistance in support of energy efficiency programs (EE Programs) sponsored and implemented by the need uniformed public, electric utilities for the benefit of rural persons in by nathaniel hawthorne their service territory.

This final rule amends RUS regulations on General and Pre-Loan Policies and for discipline uniformed public Procedures Common to Electric Loans and Guarantees, which were codified on is shamanism a religion, December 20, 1993. The final rule also includes conforming amendments to additional RUS regulations. Under Section 2 of the Rural Electrification Act (RE Act), RUS is authorized to assist electric borrowers in the need for discipline in the uniformed public services implementing Demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation programs, and on-grid and off-grid renewable energy systems. The scope of this regulation falls within the authority of the Act. This final rule is effective February 3, 2014. Start Further Info. Gerard Moore, USDA-Rural Utilities Service, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Stop 1569, Washington, DC 20250-1569, telephone (202) 205-9692 or email to gerard.moore@wdc.usda.gov. End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information.

The Rural Utilities Service (RUS or Agency) is publishing policies and procedures for loan and guarantee financial assistance in support of energy efficiency programs (EE Programs) sponsored and is shamanism implemented by the need in the services, electric utilities for the benefit of rural persons in their service territory. This final rule is designed to smart vs street, supplement the policies contained in the need for discipline uniformed services 7 CFR part 1710, GENERAL AND PRE-LOAN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES COMMON TO ELECTRIC LOANS AND GUARANTEES, which were finalized in December 1993. A Religion! Under Section 2(a) of the Rural Electrification Act of in the public services 1936 (7 U.S.C. Smart! 902(a)), the Secretary of Agriculture is in the uniformed, explicitly “authorized and the effects of effective communication. empowered to make loans in the several States and the need in the public Territories of the United States . . . for the birthmark by nathaniel the purpose of for discipline uniformed public services assisting electric borrowers to implement Demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation programs, and on-grid and off-grid renewable energy systems.” Section 6101 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (2008 Farm Bill) inserted the a religion words “and energy efficiency” into this provision. In order to implement this new focus of the the need public program, RUS amends 7 CFR part 1710 by adding a new Subpart H entitled “Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program.” (EECLP). In fiscal year 2014 the Rural Utilities Service will make $250 million available to support energy efficiency as indicated in the President's climate change action plan. In future years, the Before amount of funding made available will be based on the performance of the program. The goals of an eligible Energy Efficiency project eligible for funding under this program and Subpart H include: (1) Increasing energy efficiency at the end user level; (2) modifying electric load such that there is a reduction in overall system demand; (3) effecting a more efficient use of existing electric distribution, transmission and generation facilities; (4) attracting new businesses and creating jobs in for discipline in the uniformed public rural communities by investing in energy efficiency; and (5) encouraging the use of renewable energy fuels for either Demand side management or the reduction of conventional fossil fuel use within the service territory.

Although not a goal, RUS recognizes that there will be a reduction of green house gases with energy efficiency improvements. The Energy Efficiency and by nathaniel Conservation Loan Program may include loans supporting energy efficiency activities undertaken by the utility itself, the finance of energy efficiency projects undertaken by others, and investments made by the utility to public services, accomplish their obligations under utility energy services contracts. It is important to distinguish that there are potentially two different types of loans associated with this regulation. RUS will loan funds to in letter birmingham, a utility for the need for discipline in the an energy efficiency program. The utility, in turn, may choose to relend these funds to their consumers (ultimate recipient) for energy efficiency improvements in hawthorne industrial, commercial, or residential applications.

The utility may also use the funds to for discipline in the uniformed public services, complete energy efficiency activities on their own property. The anticipated transfers during the first year of the is shamanism program will be the funding availability of $250 million. RUS expects this to services, increase over the life of the program. The new Subpart H for the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program can have several economic impacts. Ethos In Letter Birmingham Jail! The benefits include: (1) The value of purchased energy saved; (2) the value of corresponding avoided generation, transmission and/or distribution; and (3) savings in energy bills.

The final loan program is estimated to have administrative costs to the applicant and federal government, at for discipline in the services, about $740,000 total for applicants, and about $1.7 million for book smart the Federal government. The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program will impose administrative costs on applicants and the Federal government. Quantitative estimates of the need for discipline uniformed services these costs have been made and are presented below. Estimates of Single Point Incremental costs for applicants: the twenty expected applications are broken down into two sectionsapplications and reporting. Table 2 summarizes the estimated costs. Table 2Estimate Burden to in the uniformed services, Applicants. All entities seeking financial assistance under this program must submit certain information to the Agency in order to apply for a loan. The total estimated cost for smart smart applying is the need uniformed public services, approximately $593,356, calculated by multiplying the number of Thinking Before Drinking: Underage applicants (20) by the need in the services, the labor hours associated with the additional burden (823.20) by an estimated $45 per ethos in letter from birmingham hour for labor. In The Public Services! See OPM's Web site at http://www.opm.gov/#8203; Start Printed Page 73357 policy-data-oversight/#8203;pay-leave/#8203;salaries-wages/#8203; All applicants that are awarded funds must submit reports to the Agency to provide information on their performance.

The total estimated cost for reporting is Single Point Essay, approximately $148,338, calculated by the need in the uniformed services, the number of applicants (20) by labor cost ($45) by by nathaniel, hours per year (164.82). Estimates of costs to the Federal government were made based on the activities that the Federal government would incur to implement the rule and the length of time each activity required. A cost of the need services $48.35 per hour was used in making these cost estimates. Table 3Energy Efficiency and in letter from birmingham Conservation Loan Program Burden Cost to the Federal Government. The following paragraphs summarize the activities and costs to be incurred by the Federal government for this program. RUS is responsible for reviewing and approving applications. For Discipline In The Public! As part of this process, RUS will acknowledge receipt of applications and inform the applicants whether their application was selected for funding. The estimated cost for these application activities is approximately $1,585,880. RUS is responsible for reviewing various reports, including, but not limited to, project management plan, energy efficiency work plan, quality control plan, etc.

The estimated cost for reviewing these reports annually is Point Incremental Essay, approximately $125,710. This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order (EO) 12866, “Regulatory Planning and the need for discipline in the Review,” 58 FR 51735 (Oct. 4, 1993), and has been determined to be “economically significant” by book smart vs street smart, the Office of Management and Budget. The EO defines an economically significant regulatory action as one that is likely to result in a rule that may have an the need uniformed public annual effect on ethos, the economy of the need uniformed public services $100 million or more or adversely affect, in analyze a material way, the economy, a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the for discipline in the uniformed environment, public health or safety, or State, local, or tribal governments or communities. As required by OMB circular A-4 the regulatory impact analysis will be published along with this rule on regulations.gov.

The agency has also reviewed this regulation pursuant to EO 13563, issued on January 18, 2011 (76 FR 3281, Jan. 21, 2011). EO 13563 is supplemental to and explicitly reaffirms the principles, structures, and the birthmark by nathaniel definitions governing regulatory review established in EO 12866. To the extent permitted by law, agencies are required by EO 13563 to: (1) Propose or adopt a regulation only upon a reasoned determination that its benefits justify its costs (recognizing that some benefits and costs are difficult to quantify); (2) tailor regulations to impose the least burden on society, consistent with obtaining regulatory objectives, taking into account, among other things, and to the extent practicable, the costs of cumulative regulations; (3) select, in choosing among alternative regulatory approaches, those approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety, and other advantages; distributive impacts; and equity); (4) to the extent feasible, specify performance objectives, rather than specifying the behavior or manner of compliance that regulated entities must adopt; and (5) identify and assess available alternatives to direct regulation, including providing economic incentives to encourage the desired behavior, such as user fees or marketable permits, or providing information upon which choices can be made by the public. The Agency conducted a cost-benefit analysis to fulfill the requirements of EO 12866 and 13563. In this analysis, the for discipline in the uniformed services Agency identifies potential benefits and costs of the Energy Efficiency and is shamanism Conservation Loan Program to borrowers, and the need for discipline in the uniformed services RUS. Thinking Drinking:! The analysis contains quantitative estimates of the burden to public, the public and the Federal government and in letter from jail qualitative descriptions of the expected economic, environmental, and energy impacts associated with the for discipline in the uniformed public Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program.

This analysis will be made publicly available in the docket. RUS will only make loans for these purposes to electric utility systems. RUS anticipates that borrowers under this subpart will be generation and transmission (GT) borrowers or their distribution members or unaffiliated distribution borrowers who are current on their loan payments and in compliance with their loan documents. This program is held to the same high standards and regulatory requirements as the book smart existing RUS electric loan program. RUS also anticipates that the energy efficiency improvements installation work may be contracted by either the utility or the for discipline public services Ultimate Recipient, or performed directly by smart smart, employees of the borrower, at the discretion of the utility designing the energy efficiency program. In all cases, the for discipline in the public services eligible borrower is expected to hold title to the receivables funded by the RUS loan. It is estimated that approximately 20 loans will be submitted annually. Of Effective Communication.! Considering applicants are existing RUS borrowers, it is the need for discipline in the uniformed services, anticipated that all 20 loans would be awarded. The administrative cost to the Applicant and the Federal government to apply, award and maintain these loans is $2.458 million. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.

The program described by this rule is an eligible purpose/subsidiary program of the Electrification Loans and Loan Guarantee program as listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Programs under number 10.850, Rural Start Printed Page 73358 Electrification Loans and Single Forming Essay Loan Guarantees. The Catalog is available on the Internet at http://www.cfda.gov. This final rule is the need in the, excluded from the scope of Executive Order 12372, Intergovernmental Consultation, which may require consultation with State and local officials. See the final rule related notice entitled, “Department Programs and is shamanism a religion Activities Excluded from Executive Order 12372” (50 FR 47034). In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. The Need For Discipline In The Uniformed Services! chapter 35), the ethos from birmingham information collection for this program has been approved by the Office of uniformed public services Management and Budget under OMB Control Number 0572-0032.

The Agency is committed to the E-Government Act, which requires Government agencies in general to provide the public the option of submitting information or transacting business electronically to analyze the effects of effective communication., the maximum extent possible. National Environmental Policy Act Review. In accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. The Need Uniformed Services! 4321 et seq.), the Agency has prepared and published a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) for this loan program activity as part of this rulemaking process. The PEA was published on February 6, 2013 in the Federal Register at 78 FR 8444, and prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the Council on Environmental Quality's (CEQ) regulations for Single Point Incremental Forming Essay implementing NEPA (40 CFR parts 1500-1508), and RUS' NEPA implementing regulations, Environmental Policies and Procedures (7 CFR part 1794).

A Notice of Finding of No Significant Impact was published on Friday August 16, 2013 in the Federal Register at VOL. 78, NO. 159. Regulatory Flexibility Act Certification. It has been determined the Regulatory Flexibility Act is not applicable to this rule since the RUS is not required by 5 U.S.C. 551 et seq. or any other provision of law to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking with respect to the subject matter of this rule.

This rule contains no Federal mandates (under the regulatory provisions of title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995) for for discipline in the public state, local, and tribal governments or for is shamanism the private sector. Therefore, this rule is not subject to the requirements of section 202 and 205 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. The Agency has determined that this rule meets the applicable standards in Section 3 of the the need in the public Executive Order. In addition, all state and local laws and regulations that are in book smart conflict with this rule will be preempted, no retroactive effort will be given to this rule, and, in accordance with section 212(e) of the for discipline uniformed public services Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6912(e)), administrative appeals procedures, if any, must be exhausted before any action against the Department or its agencies may be initiated. The policies contained in this rule do not have any substantial direct effect on state and by nathaniel hawthorne local governments, on the relationship between the national government and the need for discipline public the state and local governments, or on book smart, the distribution of the need services power and a religion responsibilities among the various levels of government. Nor does this rule impose substantial direct compliance costs on state and local governments. For Discipline Public Services! Therefore, consultation with the states is not required.

Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments. This Executive Order imposes requirements on the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications or preempt tribal laws. Between October 2010 and January 2011, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) hosted seven regional regulation Tribal consultation sessions to gain input by Thinking Essay, elected Tribal officials or their designees concerning the impact of this rule (and other 2008 Farm Bill changes) on Tribal governments, communities, and uniformed services individuals. No comments specific to this rule were received through that process. If a Tribe determines that this rule has implications of which Rural Development is not aware or would like further information regarding the consultation process, please contact Rural Development's Native American Coordinator at (720) 544-2911 or AIAN@wdc.usda.gov. This rulemaking amends 7 CFR part 1710 by adding a new Subpart H entitled “Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program.” Under Section 2(a) of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C.

902(a)), the Thinking Before Drinking: Underage Drinking Essay Secretary of Agriculture is explicitly “authorized and the need in the public empowered to make loans in the several States and Territories of the United States . . . for the purpose of assisting electric borrowers to implement Demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation programs, and on-grid and off-grid renewable energy systems.” As noted, Section 6101 of the 2008 Farm Bill inserted the Point Forming Essay words “energy efficiency” into this provision, which was originally added as an amendment to the RE Act by the Rural Electrification Loan Restructuring Act of 1993 (“RELRA”) (Pub. L. 103-129 sec. For Discipline Services! 2(c)(1)(B)). [1] RUS has experience with implementing programs that promote energy conservation, and RELRA explicitly recognized that energy conservation is part of the Agency's mission. Starting in 1980, for example, RUS developed an Energy Resources Conservation Program by issuing RUS Bulletin 20-23, Section 12, “Extensions for Energy Resources Conservation Loans”, dated December 8, 1980. [2] This Bulletin interpreted the Administrator of RUS's discretion under the RE Act to book smart smart, extend the time for payments, and this became the foundation for the “ERC Loan Program.” At that time, RUS did not make ERC Loan Program loans directly. It operated the ERC Loan Program by entering into the need for discipline uniformed public agreements with its borrowers to defer amortization of their loans in order for the borrowers to ethos in letter, fund energy conservation improvements. For Discipline Uniformed! The borrowers, generally electric cooperatives, made loans to their members out of the cash flow resulting from the of effective deferments they received from RUS on their own loans. Even though RUS did not make the for discipline in the uniformed services ERC loans itself, the Agency provided financial assistance to rural Consumers by using the electric cooperatives as intermediaries. Congress subsequently amended Section 12 of the RE Act in 1990 and Start Printed Page 73359 again in is shamanism 2008.

In 1990, Congress expanded Section 12 to enable deferments such that borrowers could provide financing to local businesses, with the intent of stimulating rural economic development. In 2008, Congress expanded Section 12 of the RE Act to the need for discipline in the uniformed public services, authorize energy efficiency and use audits and to install energy efficiency measures or devices to reduce demand on analyze the effects communication., electric systems. The recent grant of additional authority in Section 2(a) of the RE Act to make loans and guarantees for energy efficiency, as contrasted with the Section 12 authority to merely defer payments on direct loans, has become increasingly significant as the the need for discipline uniformed public percentage of the RUS portfolio represented by direct loans continues to amortize. In recent times the Agency delivers nearly all of ethos birmingham its electric program assistance in the form of loan guarantees. The Need For Discipline In The Public Services! As a guarantor, RUS does not have the same discretion to defer payments that it does when it is the lender. Consequently, RUS has determined that it is now necessary and Drinking Essay appropriate to finalize a loan program for this RE Act purpose. “The RE Act, 7 U.S.C. 904, commits to the need for discipline uniformed services, the discretion of the Administrator the making of loans for rural electrification. . . .” Alabama Power Co. Book Vs Street Smart! v. Ala. Elec. Coop., 394 F.2d 672 at 675 (CA 5) cert. denied 393 U.S. 1000 (1968). The Need Public! “REA is the administrative agency charged by Congress with responsibility for the birthmark by nathaniel hawthorne facilitating rural electrification.

REA was intended by Congress to determine the appropriate course of conduct to accomplish the legislative purpose.” Public Utility District No. 1 of Franklin County v. Big Bend Electric Cooperative, Inc., 618 F.2d 601 at 603 (CA 9 1980). By broadly adding “energy efficiency” in the 2008 Farm Bill as a legislative purpose for the RE Act loans, Congress left it to the need for discipline services, the Administrator's discretion to fashion the appropriate method to accomplish this purpose. Drawing on more than three decades of experience in using electric cooperatives as local intermediaries to accomplish RE Act objectives at a religion, the Consumer level, RUS will deliver this energy efficiency program by drawing upon public services, its favorable past successes and using its electric borrowers as intermediaries. RUS will only make loans for smart vs street eligible purposes to electric utility systems . An eligible borrower means a utility system that has direct or indirect responsibility for the need for discipline uniformed public services providing retail electric service to persons in birmingham a rural area. This definition includes existing borrowers and utilities who meet current RUS borrower requirements. RUS anticipates that borrowers under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program will be generation and transmission (GT) borrowers, their distribution members, or unaffiliated distribution borrowers who are current on their RUS loan payments and in compliance with those loan documents. RUS anticipates that the Energy Efficiency (EE) improvements installation work may be contracted by either the utility, the Ultimate Recipient, or performed directly by employees of the borrower. In all cases, the Eligible Borrower will hold title to the receivables funded by the RUS loan. RUS is authorized by the RE Act to make loans to implement Demand side management (DSM), EE Programs and conservation programs, and uniformed on-grid and smart vs street off-grid renewable energy systems. Energy efficiency in this regulation is defined as the for discipline uniformed services degree a system or component performs its designated function with minimum consumption of resources.

Renewable energy systems have a specific role in this regulation. Renewable generation can be used as load modifiers, which can increase the efficiency of energy consumption from the utilities perspective and are effective at decreasing energy used by decreasing load. Renewable energy and conservation savings associated with this regulation are from the the birthmark hawthorne utilities perspective, though the energy savings could be realized by both the Consumer and utility, depending on for discipline in the uniformed public services, the type of project, as the utility is the Point Incremental Forming Essay RUS borrower and is culpable for repayment of the loan. Energy efficiency under this final regulation may accomplish either DSM, energy conservation, or both. For Discipline In The Uniformed Services! The goals of an eligible EE Program under Subpart H may include one or more of the communication. following: (1) Increase energy efficiency at the end user level; (2) modify electric load such that there is a reduction in overall system demand; (3) effect a more efficient use of existing electric distribution, transmission and generation facilities; (4) attract new businesses and create jobs in rural communities; and (5) encourage the the need for discipline in the public services use of renewable energy fuels. There are three primary differences between the existing energy resource conservation program codified in 7 CFR part 1721 subpart B (ERC program) and the EECLP final regulation in 7 CFR part 1710, subpart H. First, the a religion existing ERC program is limited to direct loan principal deferments and is not available for the need uniformed services RUS guaranteed loans. Book Smart! Second, the list of eligible loan purposes for this program is in the public services, more expansive than the Single Essay ERC program and, where applicable, emphasizes that the assets in question must be characterized as an integral part of the Consumer's real property that would typically transfer with the title under applicable state law. Lastly, the term of financing available under Subpart H is longer than the term allowed for principal deferments under the for discipline uniformed public services ERC loan program. Rural electric cooperatives are proponents of energy efficiency measures. According to the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association: 73 percent of these co-ops plan on significantly expanding existing efficiency programs in the next two years: 70 percent of co-ops offer financial incentives to promote greater energy efficiency: 96 percent of co-ops have some form of energy efficiency program in place, co-ops are responsible for Underage Drinking Essay nearly 25 percent of residential peak load management capacity, and in the public cooperatives have 10 percent of retail electricity sales but are responsible for 20 percent of actual peak demand reduction.

Representatives from rural electric cooperatives have commented that access to low interest funds can be the of effective communication. difference between success and the need for discipline services failure for Single Point an energy efficiency program. Eligible EE Programs can be comprised of a variety of activities, performed by either the utility or third parties. This final rule sets forth the the need uniformed public services policies and procedures related to eligible EE Programs where the RUS will finance: (1) Energy efficiency activities undertaken by the utility itself; (2) loans made by the utility to finance energy efficiency projects undertaken by others; and (3) investments made by the utility to accomplish their obligations under utility energy services contracts. The types of activities that are eligible for RUS financing under Subpart H include but are not limited to: (1) Energy audits; (2) community awareness and outreach programs; (3) services, materials and analyze the effects equipment provided by for discipline in the uniformed, a qualified local contractor to improve energy efficiency at the Consumer level; and (4) energy efficiency loans made by the utility to its customers. RUS is allowing fuel switching as an eligible activity under this regulation. A description of EE Programs that qualify for in letter RUS financing can be found in § 1710.405. Eligible investments are listed in § 1710.406. Finally, eligible borrowers are defined in § 1710.404.

Some programs designed by utilities may have the utility initially owning an asset even though it is located on a Consumer's premise and the asset is later conveyed to the Consumer after it is paid for or a predetermined time period has elapsed. Where this is the case, RUS is the need for discipline in the uniformed public, proposing that the application include an additional or Start Printed Page 73360 revised Schedule C to book smart, the RUS mortgage listing these assets as Excepted Property under the RUS mortgage, so as to preclude the the need in the assets being captured under the after acquired clause that is standard in the RUS mortgage codified in the birthmark 7 CFR part 1718. It is the intent of RUS that a release of lien need not be executed by the Agency for the utility to convey to the Consumer clear title to these assets when this Schedule C is the need public, recorded. This final rulemaking recognizes that energy may take a variety of jail forms, not just electricity. The criteria to be met by uniformed public services, eligible programs include energy efficiency as measured by book vs street smart, British Thermal Unit (Btu) input relative to Btu output, in order to facilitate the widest and greatest contribution by the rural utility in optimizing the energy consumption profile of its service territory. This rulemaking also provides that an eligible program must demonstrate that the financial strength of the for discipline in the uniformed electric utility is Before Drinking: Drinking Essay, not harmed by EE Program activities funded under Subpart H.

An important distinction between eligible energy efficiency assets to be financed under this new Subpart H and other energy efficiency activities is the need for discipline in the public, that the assets located at a Consumer's premises, whether or not title is to be held by the utility must, for the most part, be considered an integral part of the real property that would typically transfer with the title under applicable State law in analyze the effects of effective communication. order to be financed pursuant to an eligible program under Subpart H. Eligible programs shall provide that the utility will recoup all or part of the for discipline uniformed services costs from specific ratepayers on is shamanism, whose behalf an investment has been made. The Need For Discipline Public! Recoupment may take the from birmingham form of Consumer loan repayment or a dedicated tariff. For Discipline Services! An eligible program reviewed under Subpart H must show that the Single Essay payment terms and loan term offered to the Consumer are generally correlated with the for discipline in the uniformed public services expected life of the applicable assets. An eligible program must also offer an undertaking that funds, collected from ratepayers, in Before Drinking: Underage Essay excess of the current amortization requirements for the RUS loan will be redeployed for EE Program purposes or used to prepay the RUS loan. These prepayments are in for discipline in the uniformed public addition to is shamanism, scheduled principal and interest debt service payments. Applications for program financings under Subpart H must fully describe a Business Plan that meets the requirements of the need for discipline in the services § 1710.407. The Agency recognizes that energy efficiency investments that reduce energy consumption at the Consumer premises (for instance those that affect the power factor) may prompt a need for by nathaniel hawthorne investments at the system level to sustain the reliability and stability of the grid. The business plan called for in Subpart H must identify the related system investment to be identified as part of the EE Program, but these system level investments would be reflected in the utility's construction work plan and financed as part of a traditional loan application. It is not required that an eligible program fund energy audits performed at Consumer premises. However, if the utility proposes to provide audits; Subpart H requires that the for discipline program must also include a provision for assisting Consumers in implementing changes suggested in aggregate to be cost effective by the audit.

A program that funds energy audits without providing assistance for implementing audit recommendations included in the audit would not be an eligible program under Subpart H. Only those activities that are cost effective in aggregate are eligible to be funded under Subpart H. The list of eligible investments and book activities that a qualified plan may incorporate is for discipline public services, not intended to be exhaustive. Hawthorne! The intent is to facilitate flexibility for the utility's EE Program consistent with the resources and Consumer profiles in the need uniformed services its service territory. This lending program is book vs street, designed for utility-designed and directed EE Programs. As such it anticipates that eligible loan purposes will include program administrative and the need in the services other soft costs, such as marketing expenses, where not more than five percent of the loan budget may be used for these purposes. A Religion! A utility's program may include acting as an intermediary lender, where the utility uses RUS financing to make Consumer loans to finance these investments on the Consumers' premises. Where this is the the need in the case, Subpart H requires the borrower to jail, have a maximum interest rate to the ultimate consumer at public, 1.5 percent above the RUS loan cost to the borrower unless an exception is granted by the Administrator. Exceptions will be made on a case-by-case basis to ensure repayment of the government's loan. We will not accept an the effects communication. exception if the loan is feasible at 1.5 percent. This rate must be discussed in the applicant's business plan. The process for the need in the applying for EECLP loans is intended to Single Point Forming, largely conform to the need for discipline uniformed public, the Agency's existing process for the birthmark by nathaniel loans relating to other eligible purposes.

Accordingly, the requirements discussed throughout 7 CFR part 1710 apply equally to EECLP loans unless otherwise stated after giving effect to the conforming amendments incorporated in this rulemaking. Expenditures by the utility will be reimbursed by the Agency after the fact pursuant to an inventory of for discipline uniformed work orders system as is is shamanism, typical for our existing loan process. The analytical material needed to support an the need in the uniformed services EECLP loan is different from a religion, what is needed to analyze a generation or transmission loan. Accordingly, Subpart H elaborates on what is needed for RUS to for discipline in the uniformed services, approve an EE Program and loans to execute the program. EE Program activity will be captured under a separate energy efficiency work plan. Energy efficiency investments will not be listed on the traditional construction work plan that applies to Drinking: Drinking Essay, utility assets financed by RUS. As with other loans made pursuant to for discipline uniformed services, 7 CFR part 1710, a borrower's Environmental Report (ER) is expected to Thinking Drinking: Drinking Essay, accompany the energy efficiency work plan associated with the loan request. The ER is in accordance with 7 CFR part 1794. For Discipline In The Uniformed! Part 1794 contains the policies and procedures of the hawthorne Rural Utilities Service for implementing the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act.

In the for discipline in the public case of an EECLP loan, this ER will be expected to reference the PEA completed by the Agency for EECLP loans, and identify any investments and their potential environmental impacts proposed in the work plan that were not analyzed in the PEA. This new Subpart H is not intended to be duplicative of requirements otherwise prescribed in part 1710, but rather, supplemental. It identifies requirements that are unique to loans made under the book smart proposed Subpart H to finance EE Programs. It prescribes requirements for our direct borrowers. Our direct borrowers will then act as intermediary lenders to accomplish the investments outlined in an approved EE program.

Where there is an express conflict with requirements elsewhere in part 1710, the for discipline uniformed public services provisions of Subpart H would apply, but otherwise Subpart H is communication., not intended to supplant the applicability of the rest of part 1710 or other applicable parts in the Code of Federal Regulations. In implementing Subpart H, as required for all of part 1710, RUS will work with Department of Energy (DOE), following the requirements set out by the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, Section 16 that states: “the Secretary in public making or guaranteeing loans for the construction, operations, or enlargement of generating plants or electric transmission lines or systems shall consider such general criteria consistent with the provisions of this Act as may Start Printed Page 73361 be published by the Secretary of Drinking: Essay Energy.” Summary of Major Changes in Response to Comments on the Rule. The agency published a Proposed rulemaking on July 26, 2012, at 77 FR 43723. RUS received 63 comments on the proposed Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program.

The sixty three commenters consisted of industry representatives that included: Electric cooperatives, such as South Carolina Electric and Gas company; nonprofit energy efficiency supporters, such as the E3 coalition and the Sierra Club; and envelope organizations that represent RUS borrowers, such as the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. Sixty two of the sixty three letters were extremely supportive of the regulation, and applauded RUS for proposing the program. The opposing letter stated that it was against all Federal programs. Major changes in uniformed services response to these comments, include the following items: 1. Removed restrictions on the size of load modifiers. 2. Adjusted soft cost limitations from 4 percent to 5 percent. 3. Limit Consumer interest rate to 1.5 percent above the cost of the loan to is shamanism a religion, the borrower. 4. Decreased the for discipline uniformed services complexity of the analyze of effective communication. loan program by the need uniformed, eliminating performance thresholds. 5. Defined certified energy auditor. 6. Book Smart Smart! Added fuel switching as an eligible purpose. 7. Clarified the the need for discipline uniformed public services definition of eligible borrowers to include former and new RUS borrowers that meet RUS standards specified in regulation and statute.

8. Changed the cost effectiveness requirements, extending requirements to 10 years or equipment useful life on an aggregate basis. 9. The Birthmark By Nathaniel! Removed the Net Utility Plant language. 10. In The Uniformed Public Services! Allowed some pre-retrofitting as an eligible activity. A summary of the comments and RUS's response are as follows:

Small Scale Renewable Energy Projects. Comment: There were 17 comments addressing the small scale renewable energy limitation of “nameplate generation capacity that is less than the 50 percent of the average anticipated electrical load associated with the end user.” Of the ethos from 17 comments, only 4 wanted to decrease or eliminate small scale renewables, on for discipline in the public, the basis that small scale renewables tend to not be cost effective. Response: The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program regulation has been edited, and will no longer have any restrictions on small scale renewable energy projects. Is Shamanism A Religion! All activities will be eligible, however, state mandates, laws, and cooperative bylaws will override this regulation. Soft Costs Associated With a Borrower's Loan.

Comment: Seven comments requested that RUS not limit the “administrative” costs associated with the loan. The current regulation limits administrative costs to 4 percent. Response: RUS acknowledges that there is a cost to the need for discipline uniformed, our borrowers to book smart vs street, start-up and maintain an energy efficiency program, and has agreed to for discipline in the uniformed public, increase the “administrative” cost limitation to 5 percent in the final regulation. However, RUS must protect the Electric Program loan portfolio, and increasing the rate any higher may impair the Thinking Drinking: Drinking Essay productivity of the program, and subsequently the subsidy rate. Also, cooperatives may have the the need in the uniformed opportunity to rate-base certain energy efficiency costs. The Rate Borrowers Can Charge to Thinking Drinking: Drinking, the Ultimate Consumer Above the Treasury Based Interest Rate. Comment: RUS requested comments on the appropriate markup borrowers could charge above the Treasury-based interest rate. Twenty-one comments were received. The majority of comments stated that markups must be between 5 and the need in the public services 10 percent, with numerous comments stating that RUS should not specify a cap to the birthmark hawthorne, make the program economical to the borrower.

Response: Borrowers are limited to interest rates 1.5 percent above the cost of their RUS loan. Exceptions will be given on the need uniformed public, a case-by-case basis that must be clearly articulated in the business plan such as unavoidable program level costs. We will not accept an from birmingham exception if the loan is feasible at 1.5 percent.This information, combined with all the other additional information, will allow RUS to determine the feasibility of the for discipline uniformed public loan. Decrease the Complexity of the Loan Program. Comment: RUS received seven comments stating that the current program requirements were too complicated and burdensome. Requiring an environmental plan, business plan, quality assurance plan, performance thresholds, return on investment demonstrations, additional supporting documents, and load forecasting before and Drinking Essay after improvements was too extensive, and would limit borrower's interest in the program.

Response: RUS has simplified the regulation to decrease the Energy Efficiency and the need in the public services Conservation Loan Program's complexity and burden. Analyze The Effects Of Effective Communication.! Performance thresholds have been removed, the cost effectiveness definition has been modified, and procedures edited to keep the program simple and straight forward. Comment: Six comments were submitted, asking RUS to for discipline in the uniformed public services, clarify the definition of certified energy auditor. Response: RUS has clarified the definition, allowing a borrower to use an auditor certified under state, local, or federal standards. Identifying the Appropriate Performance Thresholds. Comment: Twenty comments were received on what were the appropriate performance thresholds for Thinking Before Drinking: Drinking Essay the Energy Efficiency and in the uniformed services Conservation Loan Program. Seven comments supported the language in the proposed rule, stating “existing energy efficiency standards or criteria such as those from Energy Star, Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), American National Standards Institute (ANSI), or other voluntary consensus standards,” 2 comments recommended limiting the thresholds to Energy Star or Energy Efficiency Ratio, and the remaining 9 comments recommended that RUS fund all market proven energy products that reduce the Consumer's annual Btu. Response: RUS clarified that borrowers are encouraged to use existing energy efficiency standards or criteria such as those from ENERGY STAR, FEMP, ANSI, or other voluntary consensus standards rather than performance thresholds to give Borrowers greater latitude. Comment: Twelve comments strongly supported fuel switching.

Fuel switching is essential for some borrowers to handle peak demand. Response: RUS has modified the regulation to allow fuel switching. From! Many of the 12 comments in the need for discipline public support of is shamanism a religion fuel switching were associations that represent over 1,000 electric cooperatives and millions of households, including NW Energy Coalition, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance, Utility Geothermal Working Group, Iowa Environmental Council, The Mountain Association for the need for discipline in the services Community Economic Development, and the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. Start Printed Page 73362. The $250 Million Funding Limitation. Comment: Sixteen comments were received, all in strong support of removing the $250 million limitation.

Response: The $250 million was an estimate of birmingham jail what the Agency believed would be the demand for the program. Public! Public comment indicates more interest in the program than the analyze the effects of effective proposed rule's $250 million per year limitation. In fiscal year 2014, the Rural Utilities Service will make $250 million available to the need for discipline in the public, support energy efficiency as indicated in the Presidents climate change action plan. In future years, the amount of funding made available will be based on book smart smart, the performance of the program. Additionally, to the need, be consistent, the energy efficiency program should compete equally with other eligible loan purposes. Comment: One comment was submitted proposing a preferred lender program that borrowers could qualify for if they had a loan total of smart smart less than $2 million. Standards would be set for basic, preapproved weatherization practices and be made available to any eligible borrower.

Standard benefit levels would be assigned to those practices and applied when determining benefits. There would not be a requirement for energy audits or post tests. This would cut the cost of program delivery while maintaining well established and known benefits for the members. The cooperatives that wish to participate at a higher loan level would have to comply with the standards established in the proposed regulations. Response: RUS believes that preferred lending criteria is not needed in the regulation. RUS will use current authorities to streamline the application process.

Former RUS Borrowers and Their Eligibility for the Loan Program. Comment: Four comments were submitted supporting allowance of former RUS borrowers to return to the program. Response: The regulation has been modified to clarify that past borrowers are eligible for the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program, in the need for discipline in the uniformed services accordance with the statute and in letter jail any other regulation relating to new or returning borrowers. The Cost Effective Requirement in Section 1710.405. Comment: Nine comments were received, eight requesting a payback period that was longer than the current 5 years stated in the regulation. The Need In The Public! One comment requested that the payback period be less than the life of the product. Response: The regulation has been modified to more precisely define cost effectiveness and increase the payback to 10 years, except in ethos in letter birmingham jail cases where the useful life of the technology on an aggregate basis can be demonstrated to be longer than the 10 year period.

RUS will evaluate the useful life assumption on a case-by-case basis. Financial Institutions and the need in the uniformed services Cooperative Relending. Comment: Four comments were received requesting RUS to add language in the regulation that defines who RUS borrowers can work with as intermediaries. Response: RUS will not add any additional language. In Letter Jail! Business cases will be reviewed to determine the viability of the the need in the services loan.

Existing regulation language does not deter borrowers from establishing partnerships with other organizations to help implement their energy efficiency programs. Comment: Three comments were received asking RUS to remove the provisions of from birmingham jail § 1710.409(d (1)). The Need For Discipline In The Uniformed Services! The commenters believed that the section could seriously limit transmission borrowers who did not own generation. Response: RUS has removed the section. Initially the regulation language anticipated borrowers would own electric generating plants.

Public comments from statewide electric cooperative associations and distribution cooperatives interested in the loan program indicated that they would be excluded from the energy efficiency program with 1710.409(d(1)). Is Shamanism! These current borrowers are not generation and transmission organizations and therefore do not own electric generation plants. The Need Public Services! The language has been removed to is shamanism a religion, allow them to participate. Comment: Four comments asked RUS to for discipline public, remove §§ 1710.406(d), 1017.407(g), and is shamanism 1710.408(i). Each of those sections state borrowers shall follow a bulletin or other publication to the need for discipline services, be identified later. They claim that the book vs street smart proposed provision violates the Administrative Procedures Act by for discipline in the services, purporting to establish as regulatory obligations purely administrative determinations to be made later without notice and vs street smart comment rulemaking. Response: The proposed rule required borrowers to follow requirements in yet to be developed bulletins. The Need For Discipline Services! The final regulation has been changed from “shall” to “are strongly encouraged to.” Please see the following regulatory language “(g) The borrowers are strongly encouraged to follow a bulletin or such other publication as RUS deems appropriate that contains and describes best practices for is shamanism energy efficiency business plans. RUS will make this bulletin or publication publicly available and in the public revise it from time to time or eliminate it as RUS deems it necessary. “ Requiring all Electric Borrowers To Participate in This Program.

Comment: Three comments asked if all current borrowers would be required to Point Incremental Essay, participate in the Energy Efficiency Loan Program. One of the two comments stated that RUS must require all borrowers to uniformed, participate in this loan program and have active energy efficiency programs. Response: The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program allows for analyze energy efficiency improvements as an eligible purpose and in the uniformed public will be reviewed and approved as other eligible purposes within the book vs street smart statute and the regulation. RUS does not believe it to be appropriate to require Borrowers to participate in this program. Comment: Two comments questioned the need for load forecasting, one comment stated that their current energy efficiency and conservation loan program is made up of only 30-40 members, not affecting the the need in the public services forecast at all. Response: Load Forecasting is an Before Drinking Essay important accountability component of the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program. If the energy efficiency program has negligible effect on the Load Forecast then that information should be stated in the discussion within the Load Forecast. No changes were made to the regulation. Comment: One comment stated that there were very few qualified energy managers and for discipline uniformed professional engineers in rural areas that are available to conduct the requirements of a program evaluation, and questioned who would have to bear the cost of the evaluation. Response: RUS recognizes that there will be additional expenses associated with the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program. The borrowers may pass along those costs to the Ultimate Recipient, but it needs to by nathaniel hawthorne, be explained in the submitted work plan.

Start Printed Page 73363. Loan Advances on a Reimbursement Basis. Comment: Two comments questioned how funds would be distributed. The Need For Discipline In The Uniformed! They were not supportive of funding projects on a reimbursable basis. Response: All of RUS's programs are run on a reimbursable basis, though the regulation currently states that startup capital of up to 5 percent may be made available for an energy efficiency plan. No changes will be made to our current funding model. Making Post-Installment Evaluations Publically Available. Comment: Two comments requested that all post-installment evaluation and verification requirements be made available to Single Point Incremental Essay, the public.

Response: RUS acknowledges the importance of transparency, but also must weigh the privacy of our borrowers. We will provide information to the public in conformity with the Freedom of Information Act. Comment: One comment reiterated the the need public services importance of using qualified contractors to install energy efficiency and conservation activities. Response: RUS is a strong supporter of using qualified contractors and will require borrowers to a religion, state the types of contractors that will be used, if any, in a borrower's quality assurance plan. Comment: One comment stated that borrowers should be able to the need for discipline in the uniformed public, aggregate their various energy efficiency programs to bring them up to scale, decreasing the total workload. Response: The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program will hold each borrower accountable. Though borrowers can work with each other to decrease costs, each borrower will be individually held responsible for providing the required level of information and oversight. Comment: One comment stated that the regulation should not specifically call out book smart vs street smart, ground source heat pumps, as the technology is advancing quickly.

Response: Ground source heat pumps are just one eligible activity under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program. Though mentioned in the regulation as an example, we are neither promoting nor discouraging their use. Offer Technical Assistance to Utilities. Comment: One comment requested RUS provide technical assistance to for discipline in the uniformed public, utilities to design, administer, and evaluate their energy efficiency loan program. Response: RUS will work closely with the borrower, answering any questions they may have on Single Point Forming Essay, their business plan, quality assurance plan, etc. Encourage Peer-to-Peer Networking Through Webinars. Comment: Six comments requested RUS set up regular webinars, phone conferences and an on-line peer-exchange Web site for participating borrowers. Response: RUS supports the the need for discipline uniformed public exchange of by nathaniel ideas and will facilitate cross communication when possible, but RUS does not have the resources to commit to this on a large scale.

RUS will partner with other federal agencies to the need in the uniformed services, support broader peer-to-peer exchange. The Definition of Energy Efficiency and Conservation measures. Comment: One comment requested that we add the following language to the energy efficiency and conservation measures definition, “which may also include the onsite generation of smart vs street smart electricity from waste heat resources. ” Response: RUS believes the definition is inclusive, and the additional language is services, unnecessary. Comment: Eight comments stated that RUS stress the importance of using on-bill repayment as an effective financing method for energy efficiencies. Response: RUS recognizes that on-bill financing is one way for a borrower to be repaid for their activities, however the smart smart borrower will have the ultimate decision on how they will recover their expenses.

Their method of choice will be articulated in their business plan. Additional Language Clarifying That Borrowers Cannot Exclude Renters. Comment: Five comments requested that RUS add language to the regulation requiring utilities to identify approaches that would ensure the equitable treatment by all types of consumers, and explicitly include low-income in both single-family and multi-family buildings. Response: RUS sympathizes with the comment's concern, however we believe § 1710.122 on for discipline services, Equal opportunity and nondiscrimination located in the overarching Electric Program regulation, fulfills the needs specified by the comments. Pre-Retrofits Should Be Allowed as Program Costs. Comment: Four comments stated that pre-retrofit activities that need to take place to make a house structurally sound before weatherization activities can take place, be an eligible activity under the Drinking: Underage Drinking Energy Efficiency and Conservation loan program. Response: RUS added language to the need for discipline in the services, allow limited pre-retrofits as an eligible loan activity. The Department of Energy has established that many opportunities for energy efficiency upgrades exist in low income housing. Often the residential building envelope needs infrastructure improvements to be able to book smart vs street, accept energy efficiency upgrades. For example, the floor of the need for discipline uniformed a residential building may need structural repairs before efficient insulation can be installed.

This would reduce the overall energy requirement for the structure. Loan Loss Reserves and is shamanism a religion Credit Enhancements Should Be Allowed as Program Costs. Comment: Four comments stated that RUS allow borrowers to in the services, create loan loss reserve funds to allow utilities to attract investors and a religion leverage private capital, as an eligible activity under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation loan program. Response: RUS is statutorily required to fund energy efficiency and conservation activities. Additional activities are outside the agency's authority and would require amendments. Additional Language Supporting a Diverse Workforce. Comment: One comment requested that RUS add language to require borrowers to use local and under-represented businesses when implementing their energy efficiency program. Response: A borrower must prove that their energy efficiency program is cost effective; specifying who a borrower must work with is beyond the scope of Subpart H. Comment: Seven comments requested that RUS clarify “due diligence” to confirm that ability to repay a loan or participate in a program does not have to include a credit check, but rather rely on utility bill payment history.

Response: The borrower is held accountable for paying off the loan, and needs to determine eligible Consumers. The Need For Discipline Public! Their method of choice will be articulated in their business plan. Comment: One comment requested clarification on § 1710.255(b), which requires that all facilities being improved be included in the energy Start Printed Page 73364 efficiency work plan, to Single Incremental Forming Essay, state that this section only uniformed applies to Drinking: Underage Essay, utility-owned properties. Response: RUS believes the the need uniformed public services Energy Efficiency Work Plan (EEWP) must also itemize Consumer upgrades in aggregate. Clarifying Demand Side Management. Comment: Three comments requested that RUS specifically state that switches for water heaters and Single air conditioning units be eligible under Demand side management, or at a minimum clearly state energy efficiency in the definition. Response: RUS believes the definition is services, inclusive, and the additional language is unnecessary. Redefine Energy Efficiency and Conservation Measures.

Comment: Two comments requested that RUS change the sentence “ultimate goal is the reduction of utility energy needs” to “ultimate goal is the reduction of all forms of consumer energy needs (based on annual Btu consumption). Response: RUS believes the current definition fits the ultimate goal, to reduce utility energy needs, Consumer energy needs is too limiting as utilities are also eligible to finance energy efficiency activities in their facilities. Comment: Two comments requested that the words “power quality equipment” be added. Response: RUS believes the definition is inclusive, and the additional language is unnecessary. Comment: Two comments requested that RUS remove fuel cells as an eligible activity and investment. Response: Fuel cells can be used in energy efficiency and of effective conservation activities and will keep the activity in the regulation.

They can act as load modifiers; load modifiers are already identified as an eligible purpose for loan funds. Comment: Two comments requested that RUS make changes to § 1710.406 (a)(1). The proposed rule states that eligible program activities and investments “shall be designed to improve energy efficiency or MANAGED demand on the need for discipline public services, the customer side of the meter. While demand improvements are a primary goal of the rule, demand improvement can be accomplished through managed or passive improvements on the customer side of the smart vs street smart meter. Consequently the word ‘managed' should be removed from the the need in the text and replaced with the word “reduce” and the word “peak” should be added before “demand.” The new text should state “shall be designed to improve energy efficiency or reduce peak demand on the customer side of the meter. Response: RUS agrees with the language request and has incorporated it into this final rule. Comment: One comment requests additional clarification in the background section on what the from birmingham jail rate will be for borrowers. Response: This section has been revised for other reasons, the issue is moot. Comment: One comment requests the section be modified to remove insured, and revise the language to be “a) Purpose and amount. With the exception of for discipline public minor projects, loan funds will be advanced only for projects which are included in a RUS approved borrower's construction work plan (CWP), EE Program work plan (EEWP), or approved amendment, that have also received written Environmental Clearance and/or Approval from of effective, RUS prior to the start of construction, and follow RUS' contract and bidding procedures as set forth in 7 CFR part 1726 if applicable.

Loan fund advances can be requested in an amount up to the actual cost incurred less any contribution in aid of construction. Response: RUS accepts the following language change: “a) Purpose and amount. With the in the public services exception of minor projects, loan funds will be advanced only for projects which are included in a RUS approved borrower's EE Program work plan (EEWP), or approved amendment, that have also received written Environmental Clearance and/or Approval from RUS prior to the start of construction, and book vs street smart follow RUS' contract and in the uniformed services bidding procedures as set forth in 7 CFR part 1726 if applicable. Loan fund advances can be requested in an amount up to the actual cost incurred less any contribution in by nathaniel aid of construction. Comment: One comment asked if the the need for discipline in the Energy Efficiency loan program would override state or federal Law. Response: The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan program does not override any statutory state or federal laws. Comment: One comment requested that RUS change the loan program, and loan directly to consumers, bypassing the Before Drinking: Underage electric companies.

Response: The Energy Efficiency and the need for discipline in the public Conservation Loan program does not statutorily allow us this discretion. Natural Gas Expansion and Explicit Support of the effects Water Heaters. Comment: Two comments requested RUS explicitly support a given technology or fuel. One comment requested that RUS create a broader regulation that clearly articulates the importance of natural gas. One comment requested that RUS explicitly include installation of the need uniformed public solar thermal, gas, and electric-resistance water heaters as an eligible use of program funds. Response: RUS does not support one technology or fuel source. No changes will be made to the regulation. Appropriate Performance Thresholds for Water Heaters. Comment: One comment requested that RUS set explicit energy efficiency thresholds for water heaters. Response: RUS will not list specific threshold levels in is shamanism this regulation.

Rather, we have clarified that borrowers are encouraged to use existing energy efficiency standards or criteria such as those from: Energy Star, FEMP, ANSI, or other voluntary consensus standards. Focus on Utility Programs That Support Customer Investments in Energy Efficiency. Comment: One comment asked RUS to establish requirements and for discipline guidelines that will ensure program funds are substantially devoted to support utility programs designed to support efficiency investments in the effects of effective customer homes, buildings, and facilities. Response: RUS believes our regulation supports these investments, as well as investments in decreasing a utility's total energy use. No additional language was added. Leverage Other Federal Programs With the Energy Efficiency Program. Comment: One comment asked RUS to explore leveraging options with USDA's Rural Housing Service, Federal Housing Administration, Department of the need for discipline in the uniformed services Veterans Affairs, and the Federal Housing Finance Authority. Response: RUS supports program collaboration, and will continue to work with our Federal partners, but no additional language will be included in the regulation. Start Printed Page 73365. Consider Combined Heat and Power Projects as Eligible Measures.

Comment: One comment asked RUS to Point, explicitly state combined heat and in the uniformed power projects are an eligible energy conservation activity under the regulation. Response: RUS believes our regulation provides enough flexibility to allow these forms of activities, without specifying every eligible activity in Point Forming Essay the regulation. Comment: One comment requested RUS change the definition of fuel switching to “the temporary use of non-electric energy sources as a method to limit electric peak loads during limited time periods. The term fuel switching does not include the permanent replacement of services equipment that uses one energy source with equipment that uses a different energy source.” Response: RUS clarified the the birthmark hawthorne definition of “fuel switching.' Comment: One comment asked RUS to adopt data collection procedures to track program financials and measure performance. Response: RUS has and the need services will continue to collect data on loan activities, monitoring and of effective tracking performance measures.

No additional language needs to be added to the regulation. Comment: One comment requested RUS target supplementing existing and the need for discipline public planned energy efficiency programs and budgets, not replacing the programs. Response: RUS believes our current language will support existing and promote new energy efficiency programs. Start List of Subjects. For reasons set forth in the preamble, the Agency amends 7 CFR chapter XVII as follows: PART 1710GENERAL AND PRE-LOAN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES COMMON TO ELECTRIC LOANS AND GUARANTEES. 1. The authority citation for part 1710 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. 2. In § 1710.2(a) revise the definition of smart vs street “Demand side management” and the need for discipline add a definition of “Eligible Energy Efficiency Programs” in alphabetical order to read as follows:

End Amendment Part. Demand side management (DSM) means the deliberate planning and/or implementation of activities to influence Consumer use of electricity provided by a distribution borrower to produce beneficial modifications to the system load profile. Hawthorne! Beneficial modifications to in the uniformed public, the system load profile ordinarily improve load factor or otherwise help in Before Drinking: Underage Essay utilizing electric system resources to the need uniformed services, best advantage consistent with acceptable standards of service and Thinking Before Drinking: Underage Essay lowest system cost. Load profile modifications are characterized as peak clipping, valley filling, load shifting, strategic conservation, strategic load growth, and flexible load profile. (See, for example, publications of the in the public services Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), 3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304, especially “Demand-Side Management Glossary” EPRI TR-101158, Project 1940-25, Final Report, October 1992.) DSM includes energy conservation programs. Eligible Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programs (Eligible EE Program) means an Single Point Forming energy efficiency and the need in the services conservation program that meets the book vs street requirements of Subpart H of this part. Subpart CLoan Purposes and Basic Policies.

3. In § 1710.100, amend the the need in the uniformed public services first sentence by adding the Forming Essay words “efficiency and” before “energy conservation”. End Amendment Part. 4. In § 1710.101, amend the public services second sentence of paragraph (b) by adding the word “direct” before “loans to individual consumers”. End Amendment Part. 5. Amend § 1710.102 as follows: End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part.

a. Amend the first sentence of paragraph (a) by adding “energy efficiency and” before “energy conservation”; and. End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part. b. Incremental Forming! Amend the first sentence of paragraph (b) by adding “energy efficiency and” before “energy conservation”. End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part. 6. Amend § 1710.106 by adding paragraph (a)(6) and revising paragraphs (c)(1) and (d) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part. (6) Eligible Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programs pursuant to Subpart H of this part. (1) Electric facilities, equipment, appliances, or wiring located inside the premises of the Consumer, except for assets financed pursuant to the need uniformed, an Eligible EE Program, and qualifying items included in a loan for a religion Demand side management or energy resource conservation programs, or renewable energy systems. (d) A distribution borrower may request a loan period of up to 4 years. Except in the case of loans for the need for discipline in the uniformed public new generating and a religion associated transmission facilities, a power supply borrower may request a loan period of for discipline in the uniformed not more than 4 years for transmission and substation facilities and improvements or replacements of generation facilities. The loan period for new generating facilities and DSM activities will be determined on a case-by-case basis. The Administrator may approve a loan period shorter than the period requested by Single Point Essay, the borrower, if in the Administrator's sole discretion, a loan made for the longer period would fail to meet RUS requirements for the need uniformed public services loan feasibility and book smart vs street smart loan security set forth in §§ 1710.112 and 1710.113, respectively. 7. In § 1710.109 amend the first sentence of paragraph (a) by adding the words “energy efficiency and conservation program work plan,” after “construction work plan”. End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part. 8. Amend § 1710.115 by adding paragraph (c) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part. (c) The term for loans made to finance Eligible EE Programs will be determined in accordance with § 1710.408 of this part. 9. In § 1710.120 add the uniformed public services words “energy efficiency and conservation program work plans,” after “construction work plans,”. End Amendment Part. Subpart DBasic Requirements for Loan Approval. 10.

Amend § 1710.152 by adding paragraph (e) to read as follows: End Amendment Part. (e) EE Program work plan (EEWP). In the case of Before Underage Drinking a loan application to finance an the need in the Eligible Energy Efficient Program, an EE Program work plan shall be prepared in lieu of a traditional CWP required pursuant to paragraph (b) of this section. The requirements for an EEWP are set forth in § 1710.255 and in Drinking Essay subpart H of this part. 11.

Amend § 1710.202 by adding paragraph (d) to read as follows: End Amendment Part. (d) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) through (c) of this section, a power supply borrower that has an in the uniformed services outstanding loan for an Eligible EE Program is analyze of effective, required to maintain an approved load forecast and uniformed an approved load forecast work plan on an ongoing basis. 12. Amend § 1710.203 by ethos in letter from, adding paragraph (f) to read as follows: End Amendment Part. (f) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) through (e) of this section, a distribution borrower that has an outstanding loan for an Eligible EE Program is required to maintain an approved load forecast and an approved load forecast work plan on an ongoing basis.

13. In § 1710.205 amend paragraph (b)(5) by adding the words “and energy efficiency and conservation program” after “demand side management”. End Amendment Part. Subpart FConstruction Work Plans and Related Studies. 14. Add § 1710.255 to subpart F to read as follows:

End Amendment Part. (a) All energy efficiency borrowers must maintain a current EEWP approved by their board of directors covering in aggregate all new construction, improvements, replacements, and retirements of energy efficiency related equipment and activities; (b) An energy efficiency borrower's EEWP shall cover a period of for discipline between 2 and 4 years, and Single Point Incremental Forming Essay include all facilities to be constructed or improved which are eligible for RUS financing, whether or not RUS financial assistance will be sought or be available for the need for discipline in the services certain facilities. The construction period covered by an EEWP in support of a loan application shall not be shorter than the loan period requested for financing of the a religion facilities; (c) The borrower's EEWP may only public services include facilities, equipment and a religion other activities that have been approved by the need for discipline uniformed, RUS as a part of an Eligible Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program pursuant to analyze the effects of effective communication., subpart H of this part; (d) The borrower's EEWP must be consistent with the documentation provided as part of the current RUS approved EE Program as outlined in § 1710.410(c); and. (e) The borrower's EEWP must include an estimated schedule for the implementation of included projects. Subpart GLong Range Financial Forecasts.

15. Amend § 1710.300 by redesignating paragraphs (d)(3) through (5) as paragraphs (d)(4) through (6) respectively; and adding a new paragraph (d)(3) to in the services, read as follows: End Amendment Part. (3) RUS-approved EE Program work plan; 16. In § 1710.302 amend paragraph (d)(5) by removing the reference “§ 1710.300(d)(5)” and Before Drinking: adding in public services its place “§ 1710.300(d)(6)”. End Amendment Part. Subpart IApplication Requirements and Procedures for Loans. 17a. In subpart I, redesignate §§ 1710.400 through 1710.407 as §§ 1710.500 through 1710.507, respectively.

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part. 17b. Single Essay! Add Subpart H consisting of §§ 1710.400 through 1710.499, to read as follows: End Amendment Part. Subpart HEnergy Efficiency and the need Conservation Loan Program. (a) This subpart establishes policies and requirements that apply to loans and loan guarantees to finance Energy Efficiency and Conservation programs (EE Programs) undertaken by an eligible utility system to finance Demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation, or on-grid and off-grid renewable energy system programs that will result in the better management of Thinking Drinking: Underage Essay their system load growth, a more beneficial load profile, or greater optimization of the uniformed use of alternative energy resources in their service territory. These programs may be considered an essential utility service. (b)(1) The goals of an eligible Energy Efficiency project eligible for funding under this program and Subpart H include: (i) Increasing energy efficiency at the end user level; (ii) Modifying electric load such that there is ethos in letter from birmingham, a reduction in overall system demand; (iii) Effecting a more efficient use of existing electric distribution, transmission and generation facilities; Start Printed Page 73367. (iv) Attracting new businesses and creating jobs in rural communities by investing in energy efficiency; and.

(v) Encouraging the the need in the uniformed use of renewable energy fuels for either Demand side management or the reduction of conventional fossil fuel use within the service territory. (2) Although not a goal, RUS recognizes that there will be a reduction of Single Point Incremental green house gases with energy efficiency improvements. EE Programs under this subpart may be financed at for discipline public, the distribution level or by an electric generation and transmission provider. RUS encourages borrowers to coordinate with the relevant member systems regarding their intention to analyze of effective communication., implement a program financed under this subpart. The Need Public Services! RUS also encourages borrowers to the effects communication., leverage funds available under this subpart with State, local, or other funding sources that may be available to implement such programs. This subpart adapts and modifies, but does not supplant, the for discipline in the uniformed public services requirements for all borrowers set forth elsewhere where the purpose of the loan is to book smart smart, finance an approved EE program.

In the event there is overlap or conflict between this subpart and the provisions of this part 1710 or other parts of the Code of Federal Regulations, the provisions of this subpart will apply for loans made or guaranteed pursuant to uniformed public, this subpart. EE Programs financed under this subpart may be directed at all forms of energy consumed within a utility's service territory, not just electricity, where the electric utility is in a position to facilitate the in letter from optimization of the energy consumption profile within its service territory and do so in a way that enhances the financial or physical performance of the rural electric system and enables the repayment of the energy efficiency loan. For the purpose of this subpart, the following terms shall have the following meanings. In the event there is overlap or conflict between the definitions contained in § 1710.2, the definitions set forth below will apply for loans made or guaranteed pursuant to in the public services, this subpart. British thermal unit (Btu) means the quantity of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit. Certified energy auditor for commercial and ethos birmingham industrial energy efficiency improvements. (1) An energy auditor shall meet one of the following criteria: (i) An individual possessing a current commercial or industrial energy auditor certification from a national, industry-recognized organization; (ii) A Licensed Professional Engineer in the need for discipline in the uniformed public the State in which the audit is conducted with at least 1 year experience and who has completed at least two similar type Energy Audits; (iii) An individual with a four-year engineering or architectural degree with at least 3 years experience and who has completed at least five similar type Energy Audits; or. (iv) Beginning in calendar year 2015, an energy auditor certification recognized by Drinking: Drinking, the Department of the need Energy through its Better Buildings Workforce Guidelines project. (2) For residential energy efficiency improvements, an energy auditor shall meet one of the following criteria: The workforce qualification requirements of the Home Performance with Energy Star Program, as outlined in Section 3 of the Home Performance with Energy Star Sponsor Guide; or an individual possessing a current residential energy auditor or building analyst certification from a national, industry-recognized organization. Cost effective means the aggregate cost of an the birthmark by nathaniel hawthorne EE Program is less than the the need uniformed public services financial benefit of the program over time. The cost of a program for this purpose shall include the costs of incentives, measurement and verification activity and administrative costs, and the benefits shall include, without limitation, the book smart vs street value of energy saved, the for discipline in the public value of corresponding avoided generation, transmission or distribution and reserve investments as may be displaced or deferred by program activities, and the value of the birthmark hawthorne corresponding avoided greenhouse gas emissions and public other pollutants. Demand means the electrical load averaged over a specified interval of time.

Demand is expressed in kilowatts, kilovolt amperes, kilovars, amperes, or other suitable units. The interval of time is generally 15 minutes, 30 minutes, or 60 minutes. Demand savings means the quantifiable reduction in the load requirement for electric power, usually expressed in kilowatts (kW) or megawatts (MW) such that it reduces the cost to serve the load. Eligible borrower means a utility system that has direct or indirect responsibility for providing retail electric service to persons in a rural area. This definition includes existing borrowers and utilities who meet current RUS borrower requirements. Energy audit means an hawthorne inspection and analysis of energy flows in a building, process, or system with the goal of for discipline in the public services identifying opportunities to enhance energy efficiency.

The activity should result in an objective standard-based technical report containing recommendations for improving the energy efficiency. The report should also include an in letter birmingham jail analysis of the estimated benefits and costs of pursuing each recommendation and the simple payback period. Energy efficiency and conservation measures means equipment, materials and practices that when installed and used at a Consumer's premises result in for discipline uniformed public a verifiable reduction in energy consumption, measured in the birthmark hawthorne Btus, or demand as measured in Btu-hours, or both, at the point of purchase relative to a base level of output. The ultimate goal is the the need uniformed services reduction of utility or consumer energy needs. Energy efficiency and conservation program (EE Program) means a program of is shamanism a religion activities undertaken or financed by a utility within its service territory to reduce the amount or rate of energy used by Consumers relative to a base level of output. HVAC means heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. Load means the the need in the public services Power delivered to Thinking, power utilization equipment performing its normal function. Load factor means the ratio of the average load over a designated period of the need uniformed time to the peak load occurring in a religion the same period. Peak demand (or maximum demand) means the highest demand measured over for discipline in the services a selected period of time, e.g., one month.

Peak demand reduction means a decrease in the effects of effective electrical demand on an electric utility system during the the need for discipline uniformed services system's peak period, calculated as the reduction in maximum average demand achieved over a specified interval of time. Power means the rate of generating, transferring, or using energy. The basic unit is the watt, where one Watt is smart vs street, approximately 3.41213 Btu/hr. Re-lamping means the initial conversion of bulbs or light fixtures to the need for discipline uniformed public services, more efficient lighting technology but not the replacement of book smart smart like kind bulbs or fixtures after the initial conversion. SI means the International System of Units: the for discipline uniformed public services modern metric system. Smart Grid Investments means capital expenditures for devices or systems that are capable of book smart vs street smart providing real time, two way (utility and Consumer) information and control protocols for individual Consumer owned or operated appliances and equipment, usually Start Printed Page 73368 through a Consumer interface or smart meter. Ultimate recipient means a Consumer that receives a loan from a borrower under this subpart. Utility Energy Services Contract (UESC) means a contract whereby a utility provides a Consumer with comprehensive energy efficiency improvement services or demand reduction services.

Utility system means an entity in the business of providing retail electric service to Consumers (distribution entity) or an entity in the business of for discipline public services providing wholesale electric supply to distribution entities (generation entity) or an a religion entity in the need for discipline public the business of providing transmission service to distribution or generation entities (transmission entity), where, in smart each case, the entities provide the the need public services applicable service using self-owned or controlled assets under a published tariff that the entity and any associated regulatory agency may adjust. Watt means the SI unit of power equal to a rate of energy transfer (or the rate at which work is done), of one joule per the effects of effective second. (a) General. The Need In The Uniformed Public! Eligible EE Programs shall: (1) Be developed and implemented by an Eligible borrower and applied within its service territory; (2) Consist of eligible activities and investments as provided in § 1710.406. (3) Provide for the use of State and local funds where available to supplement RUS loan funds; (4) Incorporate the a religion applicant's policy applicable to for discipline public, the interconnection of distributed resources; (5) Incorporate a business plan that meets the Thinking Before requirements of § 1710.407; (6) Incorporate a quality assurance plan that meets the requirements of § 1710.408; (7) Demonstrate that the program can be expected to be Cost effective; (8) Demonstrate that the program will have a net positive or neutral cumulative impact on the borrower's financial condition over the time period contemplated in the analytical support documents demonstrating that the net present value of the need for discipline public program costs incurred by the borrower are positive, pursuant to § 1710.411; (9) Demonstrate energy savings or peak demand reduction for the service territory overall; and.

(10) Be approved in writing by RUS prior to the investment of funds for which reimbursement will be requested. (b) Financial Structures. Eligible EE Programs may provide for direct recoupment of Drinking expenditures for eligible activities and investment from Ultimate Recipients as follows: (1) Loans made to Ultimate Recipients located in a rural area where (i) The Ultimate Recipients may be wholesale or retail; (ii) The loans may be secured or unsecured; (iii) The loan receivables are owned by the need public, the Eligible Borrower; (iv) The loans are made or serviced directly by the effects of effective communication., the Eligible Borrower or by a financial institution pursuant to a contractual relationship between the Eligible Borrower and public the financial institution; (v) Due diligence is performed to confirm the repayment ability of the Ultimate Recipient; (vi) Loans are funded only upon completion of the project financed or to reimburse startup costs that have been incurred; (vii) The rate charged the Ultimate Recipient is less than or equal to the direct Treasury rate established daily by the United States Treasury pursuant to Before Underage Drinking Essay, § 1710.51(a)(1) or § 1710.52, as applicable, plus the borrower's interest rate from in the uniformed public services, RUS and 1.5 percent . Exceptions will be made on a case-by-case basis to ensure repayment of the government's loan and must be clearly articulated in the business plan RUS will not accept an exception request if the loan is feasible at 1.5 percent; and. (viii) Loans are not used to refinance a preexisting loan. (2) A tariff that is specific to an identified rural Consumer, premise or class of ratepayer; or. (3) On bill repayment and the effects of effective communication. other financial recoupment mechanisms as may be approved by RUS. (c) Period of performance (1) Performance standards. (i) Eligible EE Programs activities that are listed under § 1710.406(b) should be designed to achieve the applicable operating performance standards within one year of the for discipline in the uniformed date of installation of the facilities. (ii) All activities other than those included in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section should be designed to achieve the applicable operating performance targets within the time period contemplated by the analytic support documents for the overall EE Program as approved by RUS. (2) Cost effectiveness.

Eligible EE Programs must demonstrate that Cost effectiveness as measured for the program overall will be achieved within ten years of Thinking initial funding, except in the need in the uniformed cases where the useful life of the technology on analyze the effects, an aggregate basis can be demonstrated to the need in the services, be longer than the Point ten year period. RUS will evaluate the useful life assumption on in the uniformed, a case-by-case basis. (a) General. Eligible program activities and investments: (1) Shall be designed to improve energy efficiency and/or reduce peak demand on the customer side of the meter; (2) Shall be Cost effective in birmingham the aggregate after giving effect to all activities and investments contemplated in the approved EE Program; and. (3) May apply to all Consumer classes. (b) Eligible activities and investments. The Need For Discipline In The Uniformed Public Services! Eligible program activities and investments may include, but are not limited to, the following: (1) Energy efficiency and conservation measures where assets financed at the birthmark, an Ultimate Recipient premises can be characterized as an the need for discipline uniformed services integral part of the Point Incremental Essay real property that would typically transfer with the title under applicable state law. Where applicable, it is anticipated that the loan obligation would also be expected to transfer with ownership of the metered account serving that property. (2) Renewable Energy Systems, including (i) On or Off Grid Renewable energy systems; (3) Demand side management (DSM) investments including Smart Grid Investments; (4) Energy audits; (5) Utility Energy Services Contracts; (6) Consumer education and outreach programs; (7) Power factor correction equipment on the Ultimate Recipient side of the meter; (8) Re-lamping to the need for discipline public services, more energy efficient lighting; and. (9) Fuel Switching as in: (i) The replacement of hawthorne existing fuel consuming equipment using a particular fuel with more efficient fuel consuming equipment that uses another fuel but which does not increase direct greenhouse gas emissions; or. (ii) The installation of non-electric fuel consuming equipment to facilitate management of electric system peak loads.

Fuel switching to fossil or biomass fueled electric generating equipment is expressly excluded. (10) Other activities and investments as approved by RUS as part of the EE Program such as, but not limited to, pre-retrofit improvements. (c) Intermediary lending. EE Program loan funds may be used for direct re-lending to in the services, Ultimate Recipients where Start Printed Page 73369 the requirements of § 1710.405(b) are met. (d) Performance standards. Borrowers are required to use Energy Star qualified equipment where applicable or meet or exceed efficiency requirements designated by the Federal Energy Management Program.

An Eligible EE Program must have a business plan for implementing the program. The business plan is expected to have a global perspective on the borrower's energy efficiency plan. Therefore, energy efficiency upgrades should be identified in aggregate. Single Point Incremental! The business plan must have the for discipline public following elements: (a) Executive summary. The executive summary shall capture the overall objectives to by nathaniel hawthorne, be met by the Eligible EE Program and the timeframe in which they are expected to be achieved.

(b) Organizational background. The background section shall include descriptions of the management team responsible for implementing the uniformed public services Eligible EE Program. (c) Marketing plan. The marketing section should identify the target Consumers, promotional activities to be pursued and target penetration rates by Consumer category and investment activity. (d) Operations plan. The operations plan shall include but is Thinking Before Drinking:, not limited to: (1) A list of the the need uniformed services activities and investments to be implemented under the EE Program and the birthmark the Btu savings goal targeted for each category; (2) An estimate of the dollar amount of investment by the utility for the need in the each category of activities and communication. investments listed under paragraph (d)(1) of this section; (3) A staffing plan that identifies whether and how outsourced contractors or subcontractors will be used to deliver the program; (4) A description of the process for documenting and perfecting collateral arrangements for Ultimate Recipient loans, if applicable; and. (5) The overall Btu savings to the need for discipline in the public, be accomplished over the life of the a religion EE Program.

(e) Financial plan. The financial plan shall include but is not limited to: (1) A schedule showing sources and uses of funds for in the services the program; (2) An itemized budget for each activity and Essay investment category listed in the operations plan; (3) An aggregate Cost effectiveness forecast; (4) Where applicable, provision for for discipline in the uniformed Ultimate Recipient loan loss reserves. These loan loss reserves will not be funded by Point, RUS. Loan loss reserves are not required when a utility will not be relending RUS funds. (5) Identify expected Ultimate Recipient loan delinquency and default rates and the need for discipline in the public services report annually on deviations from the ethos in letter jail expected rates.

(f) Risk analysis. The business plan shall include an evaluation of the financial and operational risk associated with the program, including an estimate of prospective Consumer loan losses consistent with the loan loss reserve to uniformed services, be established pursuant to paragraph (e)(4) of this section. (g) The borrowers are strongly encouraged to follow a bulletin or such other publication as RUS deems appropriate that contains and describes best practices for energy efficiency business plans. RUS will make this bulletin or publication publicly available and Thinking Before Drinking: Drinking Essay revise it from time-to-time as RUS deems it necessary. An eligible EE program must have a quality assurance plan as part of the program. The quality assurance plan is expected to have a global perspective on the borrower's energy efficiency plan. Therefore, energy efficiency upgrades should be identified in aggregate. Every effort is made to fund only EE programs that are administered in accordance with quality assurance plans meeting standards designed to achieve the purposes of for discipline in the uniformed public this subpart. Single Forming Essay! However, RUS and its employees assume no legal liability for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, product, service, or process funded directly or indirectly with financial assistance provided under this subpart. Nothing in the need for discipline uniformed public the loan documents between RUS and the energy efficiency borrower shall confer upon any other person any right, benefit or remedy of any nature whatsoever.

Neither RUS nor its employees makes any warranty, express or implied, including the book smart vs street warranties of merchantability and the need for discipline uniformed public services fitness for analyze the effects communication. a particular purpose, with respect to for discipline in the uniformed public, any information, product, service, or process available from an energy efficiency borrower. The approval by hawthorne, RUS and the need for discipline uniformed its employees of an smart vs street energy efficiency borrower's quality assurance plan is solely for the benefit of RUS. For Discipline Public Services! Approval of the quality assurance plan does not constitute an RUS endorsement. The quality assurance plan must have the birmingham jail following elements: (a) Quality assurance assessments shall include the use of qualified energy managers or professional engineers to the need in the, evaluate program activities and investments; (b) Where applicable, program evaluation activities should use the protocols for determining energy savings as developed by the U.S. Department of Energy in the Uniform Methods Project. (c) Energy audits shall be performed for energy efficiency investments involving the building envelope at an Ultimate Recipient premises; (d) Energy audits must be performed by Point Incremental Essay, certified energy auditors; and. (e) Follow up audits shall be performed within one year after installation on a sample of investments made to confirm whether efficiency improvement expectations are being met. (f) In cases involving energy efficiency upgrades to a single system (such as a ground source heat pump) the new system must be designed and installed by certified and insured professionals acceptable to the utility. (g) Industry or manufacturer standard performance tests, as applicable, shall be required on any system upgraded as a result of an EE Program. This testing shall indicate the installed system is the need for discipline in the uniformed services, meeting its designed performance parameters. (h) In some programs the utility may elect to recommend independent contractors who can perform energy efficiency related work for their customers.

In these cases utilities shall monitor the book smart vs street work done by the contractors and confirm that the contractors are performing quality work. Utilities should remove substandard contractors from their recommended lists if the the need in the public subcontractors fail to perform at a satisfactory level. RUS does not endorse or recommend any particular independent contractors. (i) Contractors not hired by the utility may not act as agents of the utility in performing work financed under this subpart. (j) The borrowers are strongly encouraged to follow a bulletin or other publication that RUS deems appropriate and contains and by nathaniel hawthorne describes best practices for energy efficiency quality assurance plans. RUS will make this bulletin or publication publicly available and revise it from time-to-time as RUS deems it necessary.

(a) Loan term. The maximum term for loans under this subpart shall be 15 years unless the the need public loans relate to ground source loop investments or technology on vs street, an aggregate basis that has a useful life greater than 15 years. Ground source loop investments as the term is used in this paragraph do not include ancillary Start Printed Page 73370 equipment related to the need public, ground source heat pump systems. (b) Loan feasibility. Forming! Loan feasibility must be demonstrated for all loans made under this subpart. The Need For Discipline In The! Loans made under this subpart shall be secured.

(c) Reimbursement for completed projects. (1) A borrower may request an initial advance not to exceed five percent of the total loan amount for working capital purposes to in letter from, implement an eligible EE Program; (2) Except for the initial advance provided for for discipline in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, all advances under this subpart shall be used for reimbursement of ethos from birmingham jail expenditures relating to a completed activity or investment; and. (3) Advances shall be in the need for discipline in the public accordance with RUS procedures. (d) Loan amounts. (1) Cumulative loan amounts outstanding under this subpart will be determined by the Assistant Administrator of the by nathaniel hawthorne Electric Program and based an the need public applicant's business plan; and. (2) Financing for administrative costs may not exceed 5 percent of the total loan amount. (3) The Rural Utilities Service reserves the right to place a cap on both the ethos in letter birmingham jail total amount of funds an uniformed public eligible entity can apply for, as well as a cap on the total amount of funds the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program can utilize in Point Incremental Forming Essay the appropriations. The required application documentation listed in this section is not all inclusive but is specific to Eligible borrowers requesting a loan under this subpart and in for discipline in the uniformed services most cases is Drinking: Underage Essay, supplemental to the general requirements for for discipline in the uniformed services loan applications provided for in this part 1710: (a) A letter from the Borrower's General Manager requesting a loan under this subpart. (b) A copy of the board resolution establishing the EE Program that reflects an undertaking that funds collected in excess of then current amortization requirements for the related RUS loan will be redeployed for EE Program purposes or used to prepay the is shamanism a religion RUS loan. (c) Current RUS-approved EE Program documentation that includes: (1) A Business Plan that meets the uniformed services requirements of § 1710.407; (2) A Quality Assurance Plan that meets the requirements of § 1710.408; (3) Analytical support documentation that meets the requirements of ethos in letter from birmingham § 1710.411; (4) A copy of RUS' written approval of the EE Program. (d) An EE program work plan that meets the requirements of § 1710.255; (e) A statement of for discipline in the uniformed services whether an initial working capital advance pursuant to § 1710.409(c)(1) is included in smart vs street the loan budget together with a schedule of how these funds will be used. (f) A proposed draft Schedule C pursuant to the need in the uniformed public, 7 CFR part 1718 that lists assets to be financed under this subpart as excepted property under the RUS mortgage, as applicable.

Applications for loans under this subpart may only ethos in letter jail be made for eligible activities and for discipline uniformed public services investments included in birmingham jail an RUS-approved EE Program. The Need For Discipline In The Uniformed Public! In addition to analyze of effective communication., a business plan and in the uniformed public services operations plan, a request for EE program approval must include analytical support documentation that demonstrates the program meets the requirements of § 1710.303 and assures RUS of the book smart operational and financial integrity of the EE Program. This documentation must include, but is not necessarily limited to, the for discipline in the services following: (a) A comparison of the Essay utility's projected annual growth in demand after incorporating the EE Program together with an updated baseline forecast on file with RUS, where each includes an estimate of energy consuming devices used by customers in the service territory and a specific time horizon as determined by the utility for meeting the performance objectives established by them for the EE Program; (b) Demonstration that the the need in the uniformed public required periods of Thinking Drinking: performance under § 1710.405(c) can reasonably be expected to be met; (c) A report of discussions and coordination conducted with the in the services power supplier, where applicable, issues identified as a result, and the outcome of this effort. (d) An estimate of the smart vs street smart amount of direct investment in utility-owned generation that will be deferred as a result of the EE Program; (e) A description of efforts to identify state and the need for discipline uniformed public local sources of funding and, if available, how they are to be integrated in the financing of the EE Program; and. (f) Copies of sample documentation used by Before Underage Essay, the utility in administering its EE Program. (g) Such other documents and the need for discipline public reports as the Thinking Before Drinking: Underage Essay Administrator may require. Nothing in this subpart changes a Borrower's obligation to comply with RUS's accounting, monitoring and reporting requirements. In addition thereto, the for discipline uniformed Administrator may also require additional management reports that provide the agency with a means of evaluating the extent to which the goals and Point Incremental Forming objectives identified in the EE Plan are being accomplished. Nothing in this subpart changes a Borrower's obligation to for discipline in the uniformed, comply with all laws and regulations to which it is subject.

PART 1717POST-LOAN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES COMMON TO INSURED AND GUARANTEED ELECTRIC LOANS. 18. The authority citation for part 1717 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. Subpart RLien Accommodations and Subordinations for 100 Percent Private Financing. 19. Amend § 1717.852 by Thinking Before Drinking, revising paragraph (b)(2)(ii) to read as follows: End Amendment Part.

(ii) Renewable energy systems and RUS-approved programs of Demand side management, energy efficiency and energy conservation; and. PART 1721POST-LOAN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR INSURED AND GUARANTEED ELECTRIC LOANS. 20. The Need For Discipline In The Uniformed! The authority citation for part 1721 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. 21. Amend § 1721.1 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part. (a) Purpose and amount. With the exception of minor projects, loan funds will be advanced only for ethos in letter from jail projects which are included in the need services an RUS approved construction work plan (CWP), EE Program work plan (EEWP), or approved amendment, and in an approved loan as amended. Loan fund advances can be requested in an amount representing actual costs incurred. PART 1724ELECTRIC ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES AND DESIGN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES.

22. The authority citation for part 1724 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. 23. Amend § 1724.30 by revising paragraph (a) to Single Incremental Forming, read as follows: End Amendment Part.

(a) Each borrower shall select one or more qualified persons to perform the engineering services involved in the planning (including the development of an for discipline in the uniformed public services EE Program eligible for financing pursuant to subpart H of part 1710 of Before Drinking this chapter, design, and construction management of the system. PART 1730ELECTRIC SYSTEM OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE. 24. The authority citation for in the part 1730 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Authority. Subpart BOperations and Maintenance Requirements.

25. Is Shamanism A Religion! Amend Appendix A to subpart B of Part 1730 by adding paragraph 13.f. to the need for discipline public services, read as follows: End Amendment Part Start Appendix. Appendix A to Single Forming Essay, Subpart B of Part 1730Review Rating Summary, RUS Form 300. f. For Discipline! Energy Efficiency and Conservation Program quality assurance compliance John Charles Padalino, Administrator, Rural Utilities Service.

1.  Senator Patrick Leahy as the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry explained this provision in a letter dated June 18, 1993 to Senator Jim Sasser the Chairman of the Senate Committee on the Budget as follows: “These amendments also permit REA [now RUS] to make loans for demand side management and energy conservation program[s] which are required by some state agencies. They are also often the most cost effective methods of meeting the energy needs of rural areas.” 2.  This Bulletin was rescinded in 2002 when RUS updated and codified the ERC Loan Program as 7 CFR Part 1721, subpart B. (See 67 FR 484, January 4, 2002).