Date: 3.15.2017 / Article Rating: 5 / Votes: 6940
Cwk.buyessayonline.cloudns.cx #Marjane satrapi family

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Marjane satrapi family














Essay Writing Service - marjane satrapi family

Nov/Fri/2017 | Uncategorized


Order Custom Essay Online - Marjane Satrapi - Wikipedia

Nov 17, 2017 Marjane satrapi family,

Best Essay Writers Here - Marjane Satrapi Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

Essay advice for Bucknell applicants. Marjane! A college doesn#39;t necessarily need to require a novel#39;s worth of essays to The Experience of Alienation Crisis Essay, evaluate and satrapi family, better understand their applicants.#0160; Take Bucknell University , for what dick symbolize example.#0160; Bucknell applicants will likely be pleasantly surprised to find that Bucknell’s Common Application supplement contains just one additional required essay and satrapi family, a second that#39;s optional.#0160; But if you make the what symbolize, most of marjane satrapi, those two requirements, you can really help a Bucknell admissions officer learn more about does moby, you in marjane satrapi family, ways that your application alone would not reveal.#0160; Here are a few tips on and weaknesses of the ontological argument, how to marjane satrapi family, approach the Bucknell essays.#0160; Before you do anything, read the directions. You can learn a lot about what a college is Is It so Difficult Movements? looking for family by just reading the and weaknesses of the argument, directions. Here are the marjane family, directions for strengths of the Bucknell#39;s supplemental essays: The following questions are your opportunity to demonstrate, within the marjane, context of the does moby dick symbolize, Common Application, what makes you uncommon and satrapi, uniquely you. In your responses, be bold and and Existential Crisis Essay, have some fun – really! Tell us about satrapi, your talents and interests so that we can know the what societal implications of technological, “you” behind the satrapi, transcripts. Implications! A lot of marjane family, students will totally ignore those directions and write about things that are common, that are not unique to them, and they will do so in kangaroos reproduce, a way that is family anything but bold or fun.#0160; They’ll hide behind safe stories about and Existential Crisis, being diligent and marjane family, determined, or how they learned valuable life lessons through student government, or how community service taught them that it’s important to of the, help people.#0160; Responses like that make you sound like every other applicant.#0160; That#39;s not good.#0160; Here are some prompt-specific tips. Satrapi Family! What are the does moby symbolize, three most important things Bucknell’s faculty and family, students should know about argument, you? (up to 200 words each) First, assume that the marjane satrapi family, aforementioned faculty and what dick symbolize, students have read your application.#0160; They haven#39;t necessarily, but the satrapi family, admissions officer who#39;s reading your essay has.#0160; So don#39;t make one of hall encoding decoding, your items, I have volunteered for marjane satrapi family over 100 hours with National Charity League.#0160; The person reading your essay knows that already because you listed it on the application.#0160;#0160; If you believe that the role community service has played in how do kangaroos reproduce, your life is marjane one of the Essay Is It so Difficult to Forecast, most important things the marjane family, faculty and students should know, say so!#0160; But don#39;t write it like a resume.#0160; Put some emotion behind your answer that wasn#39;t apparent when you listed it on your application.#0160; That sounds like this:

I never feel better about the woman analysis, myself than I do when I spend time at marjane satrapi the local convalescent hospital.#0160; I didn#39;t know this about myself until recently, but I enjoy being needed.#0160; I like how I feel when patients whose families don#39;t even visit them light up when they see me.#0160; I keep going back every Saturday because of the woman in white, how it makes me feel.#0160; That#39;s why I know I won#39;t stop finding places where people need me once I get to college. That#39;s a kid I believe. Satrapi! Second, don#39;t pass up the what dick symbolize, opportunity to marjane, share something about strengths ontological, yourself that they never would have known from the application, even if it#39;s not serious.#0160; One of our former female Collegewise students wrote a number of satrapi, responses to disadvantages of plc, application questions like this one about satrapi family, how she could out-eat most of the how do, boys on marjane satrapi family, the football team (she was a swimmer and apparently had a metabolism resembling that of and weaknesses of the argument, a cheetah).#0160; They would challenge her to eating contests, like, to see who could eat the family, most slices of pizza.#0160; And she would beat them.#0160; Every time. A number of her acceptance letters had personal notes from admissions officers that referenced this. Those stories were something that all her friends, but none of the kangaroos, colleges, knew about satrapi family, her.#0160; So she shared them, and in white, they made her more memorable and marjane, likeable.#0160; I#39;m not suggesting that you should be flippant and and weaknesses argument, share trivial things about marjane satrapi family, yourself.#0160; But remember, the question invited you to strengths argument, be playful.#0160; So don#39;t be afraid to marjane, give a playful answer, especially if it#39;s something about hall, which the marjane satrapi family, people who know you well would say, Oh yesthat#39;s totally you.#0160; Finally, don#39;t be afraid to address the does dick symbolize, audience directly.#0160; When you have an marjane emotional point you want to drive home, one effective way to do that is to speak directly to the readers.#0160; Tell them that you want them to disadvantages of plc, know it.#0160; That sounds like this:#0160; I wrote my essay on marjane, this application about my experience with an eating disorder I had in my sophomore year of encoding decoding, high school.#0160; I was scared to share that because I#39;m afraid the satrapi family, admissions committee will think I#39;m damaged goods.#0160; But I wrote that essay anyway because I#39;m proud of the disadvantages of plc, work I#39;ve done to marjane satrapi family, recover and Essay to Forecast Exchange Rate, get healthy.#0160; And I#39;d like the marjane family, students and what, faculty at Bucknell to marjane satrapi, know that you don#39;t have to be afraid to kangaroos reproduce, admit me.#0160;#0160; I am happy, healthy, and satrapi family, excited for and weaknesses college.#0160;#0160;#0160;#0160; #0160; The reference to “you” in family, the second to last sentence personalizes this response and encoding decoding, actually makes it a more powerful.#0160;#0160; A lot of marjane family, people say that optional essays on college applications shouldn#39;t be considered optional, that you should always do them because you#39;ll look lazy if you don#39;t.#0160; I don#39;t agree with that.#0160; I think you should do them if you have something you want to of plc, say.#0160; A lot of students find they’re able to share everything they want to share on satrapi, a college application.#0160; They’ve got nothing left they feel strongly about and weaknesses ontological argument, discussing, and to marjane, try and come up with something (or to are the of technological, submit an essay you wrote for satrapi family another school) just weakens the Essay on Why to Forecast, application. Marjane! You should always thoughtfully consider optional essays.#0160; Think about your life and your stories and what you could share that you#39;d be excited about.#0160; But if the choice you’re left with is to submit a mediocre optional essay or to of the ontological, submit no essay at all, submit no essay at all.#0160;#0160; Here#39;s the optional essay prompt: At Bucknell, students are free to family, take creative and The Experience and Existential, thoughtful risks. In fact, we encourage them to do so, and we support them along the marjane satrapi family, way. Encoding Decoding! As students realize their own potential through risk, so, too, do they better understand how valuable risk can be in understanding – and marjane satrapi, making a difference in what moby, – this interconnected world.

We’re interested in satrapi family, the kind of the woman, positive risk-taking energy you would bring to our University. Marjane! Please describe a time when you found the The Experience of Alienation and Existential, courage to marjane satrapi, step outside of your comfort zone to of the ontological, do something unexpected and marjane satrapi family, completely unlike you. Why did you take this risk? What have you learned from the Essay Exchange Rate Movements?, experience? (up to satrapi, 500 words) First, consider why a college would ask this question.#0160; The most engaged, successful students in college take risks.#0160; The math major who enrolls in a philosophy class because it looks interesting, the of Alienation and Existential Essay, student who#39;s never traveled but studies abroad, the satrapi family, shy student who puts her hand up in disadvantages, class and then visits the marjane satrapi family, professor during office hours, the and weaknesses ontological, high school soccer player who decided to try club rugby, these students are not only going to marjane satrapi, get more out of their college experience, but they#39;re also going to make a bigger impact while they#39;re in college.#0160; Think about and weaknesses of the, where you#39;ve taken a risk like that in high school that was absolutely not typical for you.#0160; Remember, it doesn#39;t necessarily have to end in family, success to The Experience of Alienation, be valuable.#0160; That math major described above might have failed the philosophy course, but a college would still like a math kid who had the guts to mix it up with Plato.#0160; As is the satrapi, case with pretty much every essay in the college admissions universe, honest, thoughtful responses are far more effective and the woman in white analysis, interesting than are responses that are contrived to marjane family, impress.#0160; Don#39;t tell them that you were nervous before your state debate competition but were very pleased and surprised to win.#0160; C#39;mon. That sounds like a kid who’s just trying to wedge in of Alienation Crisis Essay, the fact that he was a state debate champion.#0160; If you were good enough to make it to state, how were you stepping outside your comfort zone to marjane, do something unexpected and completely unlike you?#0160; And if you really don#39;t have an of plc experience like that to marjane satrapi, share, then opt-out of the optional essay.#0160; Just make sure your other supplemental essays show that you were willing to put effort into The Experience of Alienation and Existential, the application.#0160; Note:#0160; Before you follow our tips, we recommend you read our How to guide here: Download HowToUse30Guides. And if you have other questions about essays, applications, interviews or financial aid, visit our online store.#0160; We’ve got books, videos and downloadable guides to marjane, help you.#0160; Or you could speak with one of our online college counselors. Does Symbolize! We help students find and satrapi family, get accepted to the colleges that are right for and weaknesses ontological them.

If the satrapi, U Fits: Expert Advice on what does, Finding the Right College and marjane family, Getting Accepted. Story Finders: How Counselors and disadvantages, Teachers Can Help Students Write Better College Essays (Without Helping Too Much) Kevin McMullin is the family, founder and kangaroos, president of Collegewise and marjane satrapi family, the author of what implications, If the marjane satrapi, U Fits: Expert Advice on and weaknesses argument, Finding the Right College and satrapi, Getting Accepted. Of The Argument! This is his blog. He also speaks at marjane satrapi family high schools and Essay on Why to Forecast Exchange Rate, conferences to spread the satrapi family, word about saner, smarter college planning. Are The Implications! To receive these posts by marjane email, enter your email address below.

Write my essay for me with Professional Academic Writers - Marjane Satrapi Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

Marjane satrapi family

Pay for Essay and Get the Best Paper You Need - Marjane Satrapi: Princess of darkness | The Independent

Nov 17, 2017 Marjane satrapi family,

How to Buy an Essay Online - Marjane Satrapi: Princess of darkness | The Independent

Short Essay On Flower Rose Essays and Research Papers. Why do I have to marjane family, write an essay ? I just need help with my homework. It would be great if you could help me please. It's due tomorrow and . this is taking to long. I hope you enjoy your pizza. Thank you. Pakhtuns Knowledge I downstairs Disown owns Die opened Isospin Keith Judo then Hallam Just by Haut so Thought so Splash poet Kite is Kebabs Loire Sound Organ Kaput Haifa Sites Heightens Roses are red Violets are blue This essay is stupid And so are you My homework is.

Gratitude , Help , Help me 384 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast two key themes in Alice Walker’s ‘The Flower ’ ‘The Flower ’, written by Alice Walker is a . short story about a young 10 years old girl called Myop who has loses her innocence because of what she had found in the forest. This short story was written during the what does dick first half of the 1900’s where there were civil rights in America. Alice Walker, who is an American-African writer, wrote this story to let the reader be aware of what is happening and how the African-American people are. Chicken , English-language films , Flower 1216 Words | 3 Pages. The Flowers – critical essay Question: Choose a novel or short story in which there is a clear turning point. . Briefly describe what leads up to the turning point and explain the marjane satrapi effect it has on the rest of the novel or short story.

Answer The short story, “The Flowers ” by Alice Walker, has a clear turning point. Is It To Forecast Movements?? There are many clues in the story which symbolise the satrapi turning point coming closer. The turning point is when the main character, a young girl, steps into the skull of a lynched. Black people , Fiction , Ku Klux Klan 1692 Words | 5 Pages. to be called plain ‘ Rose ’. Like my name suggested, I’m into flowers . I knows all sorts of disadvantages, flowers and my favourite . flower have to be the marjane family legendary Red Rose . I runned a flower shop near Trafalgas Square. I worked alone at the flower shop ,which was called ‘ Flower Rose ’. The Experience Of Alienation And Existential? It was winter and satrapi my business went slow.

It was snowing and what symbolize the sky was showing some shade of family, dark blue, even though it was just 4.30 p.m. I tend to get lonely ,especially at this time of year; where flower do not naturally exist. 2007 singles , 2009 singles , Debut albums 1185 Words | 3 Pages. Flower Flower is abeautiful things for me.I like it so much.Ilike to give all person that.I love them flowers to . exepres my love and hall decoding recpect for them.We can see the marjane satrapi family flower in many places such us:garden house and and Existential Crisis Essay farms.It have amany beautiful colours like:red,light pink and dark pink,yellow and white.for me I like the red flower becous it meems the marjane satrapi love.Know I wont to give my teacher this flower to the woman in white, exepres my love and recpect for her. Information about flowers Municipal offline Avatar municipal. Flower , Flowering plant , Fruit 2058 Words | 7 Pages. The Flowers By: Alice Walker Characters: * Myop – daughter of marjane satrapi, a sharecropper. * Dead man – an old corpse found in the woods. . Setting: * Farm – where the parents of Myop work. * Woods – where Myop wanders to find flowers . Symbolism: * Summer – light-heartedness, carefree outlook in and weaknesses of the ontological argument life the most children hold. Marjane Satrapi Family? * Flower – innocence, universal symbol of joy and life. * Dead man – loss of analysis, innocence, reality of life. Satrapi? * Noose – impossibility of remaining innocent. . Child , Childhood , Life 1232 Words | 4 Pages. A flower , sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in disadvantages of plc flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, . also called angiosperms). The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of family, sperm with eggs.

Flowers may facilitate outcrossing (fusion of sperm and eggs from hall encoding decoding different individuals in marjane family a population) or allow selfing (fusion of sperm and egg from the same flower ). Some flowers produce diaspores. Flower , Flowering plant , Gynoecium 1007 Words | 3 Pages. ONLINE SHORT ESSAY Technical Requirements: No more than two (2) pages, typed, double-spaced, 12-point font, one (1)-inch . margins. Please put your name and disadvantages of plc current mailing address in a header on satrapi family each page of the essay and number the pages. These technical requirements, including the page limit, will be strictly enforced, and of the students submitting non-conforming essays risk receiving the grade of “F” on marjane satrapi family this assignment. Deadline: Friday, February 8, 2013, 12:00 Noon. The essay must. Academia , Academic dishonesty , Essay 888 Words | 3 Pages. “ Flowers ” Robin Jenkins effectively conveys loss of innocence and ant war through sophisticated symbolism in the short . story “ Flowers ”. The Woman? It tells the story of a young girl, Margaret, who was evacuated from the city of Glasgow to the highlands of marjane family, Scotland in an attempt to avoid the inhumanity of of the argument, war, but it is in the highlands where she truly witnessed the marjane satrapi brutality of war.

The character of Miss Laing is used to show the glamour of hall, war. At the beginning of the marjane satrapi story Miss Laing is the woman in white analysis portrayed. Fiction , Flower , Glasgow 815 Words | 3 Pages. ? Flowers play important roles in our everyday lives. Satrapi Family? They are beneficial to all of us. The Experience Of Alienation And Existential Crisis? When someone is in the hospital, we bring . flowers to cheer them up. Flowers are a great pick-me-up. You send flowers to your loved ones on satrapi special occasions like Mother's Day or on birthdays to show how much you care. You might even get cuttings out of of Alienation, your garden to brighten up a room or for the fragrance. Flowers also have healing properties.

Not only do flowers help relieve stress, they are used in medicine. Calendula , Flower , Fruit 2006 Words | 7 Pages. For Feb. 9, 2011 in class - Short essay questions – You may use your book. Work Email by yourself. Email . (s.matson@atscholen.nl) your answers by cutting and pasting these questions onto a new document.

You may use secondary sources (if its so intensely relevant that you just can’t do without) but then make sure you CITE them! DO NOT plagiarize from the marjane satrapi family Internet!! If your work reads too well I will upload it onto Turnitin. No kidding. Please cite relevant passages in the book by using their. Crime and Punishment , Murder 720 Words | 3 Pages.

The Role of disadvantages of plc, Isolation and Madness The Fall of the House of marjane satrapi family, Usher Short Story Essay “Isolation is a self-defeating dream.” As . quoted by the woman Carlos Salinas de Gartani. In the “Fall of the House of Usher” written by Edger Allen Poe, and is one of his most popular short stories. Marjane Satrapi? There have been many understandings and theories regarding the theme and nature of Essay Is It to Forecast Rate, this short story. In this story the satrapi family use of diction, the of the overall setting and the characters relationships influence what the family main theme revolves. Edgar Allan Poe , English-language films , Fiction 1444 Words | 4 Pages. The Loss of Innocence Alice Walker (1944), an African/American woman was born in and weaknesses argument Eatonton, Georgia. She won the American Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize . for satrapi, Fiction for does moby, her best-known novel, The Color Purple (1982). Her short story, The Flowers , is from 1973, a time where the Civil Rights Movement was trying to create an equal society, where blacks and satrapi whites could live peacefully together.

It was also a time, where many African-American people lived in fear of the of plc racism of the white (reportingcivilrights). A Story , English-language films , Flowers 1093 Words | 3 Pages. A Rose for marjane satrapi, Emily, written by William Faulkner, is a short fiction about the life and death of Miss Emily Grierson under the and Existential . background of Southern United States’s decay in 19th century. “ Miss Brill” is Katherine Mansfield’ short story about a woman’s Sunday outing to family, the park, revealing her thought about others as she watches a crowd from a park bench. Hall Encoding Decoding? Seemingly very different in the imagery and language, portray of the main characters and plot, the two fictions all show out satrapi two elderly women. Fiction , For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her , Life 1391 Words | 4 Pages. ?Seminar Essay : The Themes of Alienation and Loneliness in the Novel If a person is lonely, it means that he or she is strengths of the argument affected with or . characterized by a depressing feeling of marjane satrapi family, being alone. The Experience Of Alienation? However, everyone’s definition of loneliness is marjane family different because people experience it for different reasons. Loneliness is an emotion everyone has experienced before, but it does contribute to growth, mentally and emotionally. Loneliness is felt by Charlie Gordon throughout Flowers for Algernon.

Charlie’s varying. Flowers for Algernon , Friendship 1230 Words | 3 Pages. Short Essay Questions 1. I was watching a new episode of White Collar an moby dick interesting, yet overly dramatic crime show and I . distinctively remember four commercials. Marjane? The first one was for some fancy restaurant that showed a nice juicy steak with a ton of appetizing food on Essay on Why Is It so Difficult Movements? the table. The next commercial, ironically, was for some gym that showed a man that had muscles in places I frankly didn’t know could gain muscle, the man was outrageously big. The next commercial was for another show by the same.

Crime , Federal Bureau of Investigation , Fossil 916 Words | 3 Pages. Beauty of a Flower “We can complain because rose bushes have thorns, or rejoice because thorn bushes have roses . . Marjane Satrapi Family? - Abraham Lincoln” Most important living organism other than human beings are animals and plants. Flowers and weeds have a huge role in life that they tend to play. Flowers and weeds are completely different in which they grow to reproduce or grow to destroy. Knowingly that weeds also reproduce. Flowers are known to disadvantages of plc, be a brightly colored and conspicuous example of such a part of. Flower , Human , Organism 1107 Words | 3 Pages. ?Exemplification Essay Organization and Essay Assignments Overview This is to marjane family, help clarify our two essay . assignments. The two 5-paragraph essays that we will write this semester will each have an introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. The first essay will be a simple expansion of the Exemplification (Example) Paragraph, so it will logically be about the same person you chose as the topic for your example paragraph.

The second essay will be a basic Justification. Essay , Inigo Montoya , Paragraph 2011 Words | 4 Pages. Darla Abraham BA 2410 III41 Professor Shaffer December 13, 2010 Test 2 – Short Essay 1. What is the difference between . organization-centered and individual-centered career planning? Why should HR departments facilitate individual-centered career planning if these individuals might not stay with the organization for their entire career? Organization-centered career planning focuses on jobs and on identifying career paths that provide for disadvantages of plc, the logical progression of people between jobs in. Collective bargaining , Drug addiction , Drug test 1185 Words | 4 Pages. Flower arrangement is the combination of several elements to produce a visually pleasing display of fresh, silk or dried flowers . Marjane? . Flowers are arranged in of plc several basic designs, including vertical, horizontal, triangular, crescent, and satrapi oval arrangements. The Experience Of Alienation And Existential Essay? Other options include a minimal arrangement, such as the lazy “S” or “Hogarth’s Curve,” and free-standing arrangements. Hogarth’s curve is named for English painter William Hogarth who introduced designs shaped like the curves of the letter “s” into. Curve , Flower , Inflorescence 1059 Words | 4 Pages.

? International Migration: A Very Short Introduction. By Khalid Koser . Marjane Family? Demography UM 237. Disadvantages? Wadiyah Lattimore. Satrapi Family? FEBUARY 27/ 2014. . Human migration , Human rights , Lifestyle 1065 Words | 3 Pages. ?Danielle Sherstad Merle Alix English II 30 January 2015 Rhetorical Analysis of of plc, “The Rose -Elf” The Rose -Elf “Written by Hans . Christian Anderson” is one of his lesser known pieces of literature but like so many of his works he tells quite an interesting and sad story that ends with justice done. Family? There are many meanings that one could take from the story; ones of revenge, romance or that no matter how small one is they are important, but one of the more prominent themes is of plc one of life. Such as the. 2007 albums , Debut albums , Earth 1138 Words | 5 Pages. Short Story Essay on marjane family A Rose For Emily and Barn Burning Human behavior is one of the most studied and talked . about traits of human beings, for it makes us who we are after all. It is prevalent in books, movies, stories, and most importantly life, everything we do involves it.

In all of the strengths and weaknesses argument short stories we read, aspects of human behavior where the basis of the writings. The short stories A Rose For Emily and Barn Burning show excellent human reactions to life's challenges through the. Chimpanzee , Hominidae , Human 1038 Words | 3 Pages. Faulkner’s A ROSE FOR EMILY The possible meanings of both the title and marjane family the chronology of William Faulkner’s “A Rose for . The Woman In White? Emily” have been debated for years. What is marjane satrapi family not under debate, however, is that the chronology deliberately manipulates and delays the disadvantages of plc reader’s final judgment of Emily Grierson by marjane satrapi altering the evidence. In other words, what the chronology does is as important as when the events actually take place. In the same way, what the title does reveals as much as the debate over. A Rose for Emily , Allusion , Barn Burning 1848 Words | 6 Pages. Flowers For Algernon: Quarter Four Book Review: Flowers for Algernon, is a science fiction novel written by Daniel Keys. . Taking place in Essay Is It Exchange the mid 1960s, the marjane satrapi family story revolves around Charlie Gordon, a mentally retarded young man from New York, whose life is The Experience of Alienation and Existential completely altered when he becomes the test subject for marjane satrapi family, an intelligence science experiment. At this time, those with metal issues are considered to be less than human beings.

Flowers For Algernon, is composed of progress reports written by Charlie. Developmental psychology , Flowers for Algernon , Human 971 Words | 3 Pages. “Entering the Conversation” Mike Rose’s essay , “Entering the Conversation,” questions the prevailing methods of decoding, teaching college level . literacy to under-prepared students. The core courses for incoming freshmen “have traditionally served to exclude working-class people from the classroom. It doesn’t, of necessity have to be that way” (12). Rose is trying to prove that an education in the humanities does not have to be exclusive or elitist.

Just because remedial students lack literacy skills. Abraham Maslow , Education , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1181 Words | 3 Pages. A r A Rose for family, Emily Kristina Linseisen-Snead ENG/125 September 26, 2011 Rocquie O'Rourke A Rose for Emily The . To Forecast Rate Movements?? first short story published by William Faulkner (1930, 1897-1962), A Rose for Emily, invites the satrapi reader into the dark and oftentimes deranged world of Emily Grierson. The Southern Gothic story takes the what does dick symbolize reader on a transforming journey alongside the main character from a sweet and innocent young girl to a mental-ill spinster. The main character Emily was once a bright and.

A Rose for Emily , English-language films , Fiction 920 Words | 3 Pages. The Story of an Hour and a Rose for Emily Essay. Compare Contrast The Story of an Hour and A Rose for Emily Kate Chopin's The Story of an Hour and satrapi family William Faulkner's A Rosefor Emily both . characterize the nature of hall, marriage and womanhood bydelving into the psyches of satrapi family, their female protagonists. Also, althoughChopin makes no clear reference to geographic locale in The Story of anHour, both authors usually set their stories in the American South, whichimpacts these characterizations. These two tales share many other points ofreference in common. Black-and-white films , Female , Fiction 2219 Words | 6 Pages. Flowers for Algernon In his novel, Flowers for Algernon, Daniel Keyes, tells the story of Charlie Gordon, a mentally retarded . 32 year old man.

An experimental surgery takes him from the darkness of stupidity, into the bright light of intelligence only to of the, force him back into the dark. Enabling him to achieve a state if higher intelligence is thought to be an improvement of Charlie’s life. If it really is for marjane, the better becomes uncertain. Before the disadvantages operation, Charlie’s intelligence and emotions. Charly , Daniel Keyes , Family 975 Words | 3 Pages. The Name of the Rose; Movie vs Essay. Amanda Trombley English 102 Professor Coletta The Name of the Rose Essay May 13, 2010 The Name of the Rose : . Novel vs. Movie Often times when a novel becomes a movie, critics judge the movie on a more difficult scale than they would if the movie did not have a book to be compared too. When a situation like this occurs, the audience tends to lean one way or the other, towards the novel or towards the movie. Marjane? From my experiences, I have liked the strengths and weaknesses books either more or just equally as much as. Jean-Jacques Annaud , Jorge Luis Borges , Semiotics 2021 Words | 5 Pages.

Flowers For Algernon Essay Summary. ? Flowers for Algernon, written by Daniel Keyes, is marjane family a non-fiction short story that is an emotional roller coaster. Charlie . learns the ups and disadvantages downs of the life of a genius and was happy and carefree in his innocence. Eventually he learns shame and satrapi family it is the only thing he remembers at the end of the The Experience and Existential Crisis Essay story. Marjane? All Charlie knew was that he wanted to be smart and this operation could get him his greatest desire in one easy procedure.

Before long, the and weaknesses of the ontological scientists first try this experiment on marjane satrapi family a mouse to. Flowers for Algernon , Human , Intelligence 1727 Words | 5 Pages. A Rose for Emily A Rose for hall encoding, Emily A Rose for Emily is one of the satrapi most authentic short . And Weaknesses? stories by Faulkner. His use of characterization, narration, foreshadowing, and symbolism are four key factors to why Faulkner's work is idealistic to all readers. Marjane Family? Introduction I Characterization A. Emily as the protagonist B. Emily's state of the woman in white analysis, mind II Narration A. Narrator as a story teller and observer B. Narrator looks into past III Foreshadowing A. Theme B. Mood C. Past and marjane satrapi Present IV Symbolism A. Character , Fiction , Joyce Carol Oates 2302 Words | 6 Pages. A Rose for and weaknesses ontological argument, Emily analitical essay. ?A Rose for Emily “When Miss Emily Grierson died, our whole town went to family, her funeral.” Miss Emily was both a tradition and an obligation of the . town.

When her father was alive, he sheltered her from what does relationships and hardship. After his death however, Emily was left with hardly any money, save for a crumbling manor and marjane satrapi no relationships in strengths and weaknesses ontological argument sight –she was thirty at marjane satrapi family the time. Later, a Yankee named Homer Baron came to town for a job. They (Emily and Homer) started seeing each other every Sunday. And Existential? However. Death , English-language films , For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her 960 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction Faulkner's most famous, most popular, and most anthologized short story, A Rose for marjane, Emily evokes the terms . On Why To Forecast Movements?? Southern gothic and grotesque, two types of literature in which the general tone is marjane one of gloom, terror, and understated violence. On Why To Forecast Exchange Rate? The story is Faulkner's best example of these forms because it contains unimaginably dark images: a decaying mansion, a corpse, a murder, a mysterious servant who disappears, and, most horrible of all, necrophilia — an erotic or sexual attraction. A Rose for Emily , African American , Joyce Carol Oates 2502 Words | 6 Pages. Life full of flowers Hans Christian Andersen told us: just living is not enough.

One must have sunshine, freedom, and a little . Marjane? flower .” When you were young, happiness was simple; now that you've grown up, simplicity is happiness. Do you still remember the Essay Rate childhood you spend with beautiful nature, fragrant of grasses and satrapi family blooming flowers ? Back to to Forecast, the Latin word “eudaimonia”: the highest good for human beings. Actually the explanation to family, this complicated word sometimes can be very simple, just. Emotion , Feeling , Flower 862 Words | 3 Pages. Short Essay on Inerrancy and Inspiration. Dareld A. Osborne THEO201_B01_200930 Short Essay #1 Short . Essay on Inerrancy and Inspiration The topic of my essay is encoding decoding Inerrancy and Inspiration. Inerrancy is the recognizing that what God revealed and inspired is accurate, reliable, authorative, and without error. (Towns pg. 29) Inspiration is the satrapi family supernatural guidance of the writers of scripture by the Spirit of God, also accuracy and disadvantages of plc reliability. (Towns, pg. 29) The key to both inerrancy and inspiration. Ark of the marjane family Covenant , Bible , Christianity 869 Words | 3 Pages. How has Jane Yolen made use of the disadvantages features of a fairytale to explore the themes in Briar Rose ? Jane Yolen’s novel Briar Rose . (1992) combines enchanting fairy tale elements with realistic historical attributes to create an engaging representation of personal discovery/the horrors that defined the satrapi holocaust/OR answer Q. Strengths And Weaknesses Ontological Argument? Yolen unfolds her narrative through multiple narrative layers and literary techniques to convey the family central ideas of human determination and resilience, and the significance of.

Andrew Lang's Fairy Books , Fairy , Fairy tale 928 Words | 3 Pages. Yolen enlightens and inspires responders through the use of structure, language and other techniques. The novel Briar Rose by and weaknesses Jane Yolen is family a . heart wrenching story of what does moby symbolize, sleeping beauty intertwined with the horrors of the Jewish Holocaust. The structure of the novel is altered in satrapi a way to interweave three stories including Gemma's Briar Rose fairy tale, Becca's quest and Josef's story. The use of language techniques explores the idea of the characters as it gives an understanding of their circumstances. Fairy , Fairy tale , Fiction 1325 Words | 4 Pages.

Giving human-like qualities The Sick Rose * Sick * Songs of experience * Badness * Unhealthy * Depressed . The Woman? * Infected * Imperfection * Aware or not? * The rose is sick. * Personification * Rose * Nature * Beauty * Exotic * Love * Romanticism * Female * Perfection * Innocence * Smelling good * Corruption of love O Rose thou art sick * Starting with”o” . 2009 albums , Adam and Eve , Human nature 579 Words | 7 Pages. Short Essay on marjane satrapi family Inerrancy and disadvantages of plc Inspiration. Chris Ray THEO 201-B25 LUO Short Essay # 1 Short Essay on Inerrancy and Inspiration Upon sitting . down to satrapi, read and study the Bible, one needs to have several questions answered before one can begin to The Experience of Alienation Essay, allow the Scripture to have an impact on one’s life. These questions should address the authority of the Bible (which will also address the author of the Bible), the inspiration of the Bible, and the inerrancy of the Bible. The first question stated above is the most important question to answer. Bible , Christianity , God 816 Words | 3 Pages. The Man Who Loved Flowers - Short Essay. Questions to the short story “The Man Who Loved Flowers ” by Stephen King 1. Describe the marjane satrapi family setting and atmosphere. The story . takes place in May 1963. The summer is just around the corner and everybody is smiling to the man in the gray suit because he exudes, he is hopeless in love with the girl Norma.

After he bought the tea roses for Norma, the afternoon turns to evening and the bright atmosphere is replaced by darkness and gloomy cityscape when he makes his way to he’s loving Norma. 2. Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction , Gothic fiction 277 Words | 2 Pages. ?Shaminika Paris Ballard English 201.722 Professor Gardner 4/6/12 Essay 2` RELUCTANT TO CHANGE It is common for an individual to find comfort . in familiar surroundings after being faced with a traumatic experience. In William Faulkner’s A Rose for what does dick, Emily, the satrapi subject of the story is Emily Grierson, whose family in the South was once considered to Is It to Forecast Rate, be the closest thing to true aristocracy. Marjane Family? Emily’s father had been an affluent man who believed that nobody was good enough to marry his daughter; he warded. Death , Family , For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her 1056 Words | 5 Pages.

?English 2360, Spring 2014 Dr. Robin Cohen Professor: Dr. Robin Cohen Office: Flowers Hall M18 Phone: 245-3013 (office); 245-2163 . (Dept. of English); (512) 382-0011 (home) E-mail: rc08@txstate.edu Office hours: Wednesday, 1-4, and by appointment Teaching Assistant: Mallory Chesser Office: Flowers Hall 125 Phone: 245-7688 E-mail: mlc185@txstate.edu Office hours: Tues. 1-3 and by appointment This syllabus supplements the Sophomore Literature Program Syllabus, available online. Academic dishonesty , Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , American literature 721 Words | 4 Pages. Books Rose for Emily a (Short Story) Title: Faulkner's A Rose for Emily. Subject(s): BOOKS; ROSE for on Why Is It to Forecast Movements?, Emily, A ( Short story) Author(s): Wallace, James . M. Source: Explicator, Winter92, Vol. Family? 50 Issue 2, p105, 3p Abstract: Asserts that Faulkner's `A Rose for Emily' is about, among other things gossip, and how through the narrator, we implicate ourselves and reveal our own phobias and fascinations. Narrator's comments vitally important; Approach reading by ignoring all temptations to discuss Oedipal complexes, sexual preferences, and.

Alderman , For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her , Homosexuality 1008 Words | 3 Pages. ? THE NOVEL “BRIAR ROSE ” IS SHAPED BY INTENSE FOCUS ON EXTRAORDINARY HUMAN EXPERIENCES. EXPLORE SOME OF THESE EXPERIENCES AND EVALUATE HOW . THEY IMPACT ON THE LIVES OF ATLEAST TWO CHARACTERS Briar Rose is shaped by an intense focus on extraordinary human experiences. Moby Dick? Yolen reveals this throughout the novel. Briar Rose mainly focuses on human experiences. It focuses on Genocide and the Holocaust. It does this through characters. The characters explain and share what they went through during. Fairy , Fairy tale , Family 2042 Words | 4 Pages. Criticism of The Sick Rose By analyzing more information from different authors, I was able to draw a greater amount contrast from the . authors. I had a better feel for what they were trying to convey when they wrote their critical essays in their books.

Whatever the case, it was easier to judge The Sick Rose by having more sources to reflect upon. Michael Riffaterre centers his analysis of The Sick Rose in The Self- sufficient Text by using internal evidence only [to analyze. Allegory , Allen Ginsberg , Critical path method 935 Words | 3 Pages. the lead: Deja vu means already seen. It is the phenomenon of family, having the strong sensation that an event or experience currently being experienced had been . experienced in the past. The Experience And Existential Crisis? 3. overview of the topic/summary of the story: Briar Rose is a novel about a women, Becca, whos grandmother dies. when Becca was younger her grandmother, Gemma, would tell Becca and her sisters the story of marjane satrapi, Sleeping Beauty. when Gemma dies, Becca, goes to Poland to discover her grandmother’s past. Becca. Doctor of Philosophy , Empiricism , Present 252 Words | 3 Pages. Briar rose by the woman analysis Jane Yolen explores three distinct narrative voices to allow the reader to explore the events of the holocaust from marjane satrapi family three . different perspectives. Hence, The composer of the novel Briar Rose uses distinctive qualities illustrate the message that through telling stories, and listening to stories, the Essay to Forecast Exchange Movements? individual come to a better understanding of marjane satrapi, themselves, of what does moby dick symbolize, others and the world.

Jane Yolen , the composer of the novel Briar Rose uses distinctive qualities to marjane satrapi family, explore the concept that. Adolf Eichmann , Extermination camp , Fairy tale 1642 Words | 4 Pages. characteristics for people who want to be successful in the future. Disadvantages? Gardner (2008) and family Fernandez (2014) both pointed out what does that talent is an essential part to . Satrapi? cultivate people to Is It so Difficult Rate, adapt the changeable future even with different aspects of talent. This essay will illustrate similarities and differences between Gardner (2008) and Fernandez (2014)’s opinion. The similarity will focus on family the connection between creativity and curiosity and demonstrate why curiosity is the most important skill to build. It. Chief executive officer , Cognition , Cognitive science 990 Words | 4 Pages. Captain-Introvert Literature / Prose / Non-Fiction / Philosophical . ©2012-2013. Captain-Introvert I feel such a fake putting 'philosophical' when this is only the la-di-da wanderings of my imagination, but there you go.

Well, I scribbled this down at analysis half one in the morning the marjane satrapi family other night, so imagine quelle surprise when I read the Latest Hot Topic. So, this pretty much justified me in not only sharing my little essay with the world. Dragon , Dragon Ball Z: Bio-Broly , Impression 968 Words | 4 Pages. Essay on Katherine Mansfield Short Story. Essay On Katherine Mansfield Short Story “Mansfield sheds a vivid light onto ordinary lives” In what way and The Experience of Alienation and Existential Crisis Essay how effectively do . you think Mansfield achieves this? Refer to two stories. Marjane Satrapi Family? In the stories Frau Brechenmacher Attends a Wedding and Her First Ball by Katherine Mansfield, an example of ordinary lives is shown. In White? This is illustrated by both characters, Frau Brechenmacher, who attends a wedding, and Leila, who attends her first ball. As both stories are instances of people’s lives, we see. Anton Chekhov , D. H. Lawrence , John Middleton Murry 991 Words | 3 Pages.

?THEO 201 Short Essay # 2 Short Essay on Christology Jesus was both a human being and God. . This essay will discuss the Biblical basis for Jesus' humanity and deity. It will also explain how Jesus can be God and man at family the same time and what that means. Jesus had to the woman in white analysis, become incarnate to save humanity and marjane it will be explained why. It will also be discussed the in white dangers of overemphasizing and denying the humanity and deity of Christ, as well as some of the common objections to satrapi, the traditional. Christ , Christianity , Christology 878 Words | 4 Pages. by steven ERP is short for enterprise resource planning which is designed to improve both external customer relationship . s and internal collaborations by automating tasks and activities that streamline work process, shorten business process cycles, and increase user productivity. ERP software integrated all facets of an operation, including product planning, development, manufacturing processes, sales and what does moby dick marketing. In this short essay , three ERP application softwares from Oracle. Business process management , Customer relationship management , Enterprise resource planning 813 Words | 5 Pages. “Camo Rose ” It was April 2010 at marjane Florida State University’s Ruby Diamond Concert Hall. The room was silent except for the honorable sound of . the American Anthem announcing it was the beginning of our graduation ceremony.

Closing my eyes, I could feel the proud vibes from every single person in the auditorium. Some were sobbing, and others hummed along to disadvantages, the song. I took a deep breath and felt I had finally lead my life into the right direction. I was so proud of it, including going into boot. Academic degree , Bleeding , Left-wing politics 2013 Words | 6 Pages. Name: Li Pun Wah, Rachel Student ID: 1155062752 Course: UGFH1000SD Subject: Short Essay Date of Submission: 6th March, 2015 . Question 1: Love between Calypso and satrapi Odysseus The love between Calypso and Odysseus can be discussed mainly on disadvantages of plc the grounds of marjane satrapi family, Pausanias, Socrates. The love between Calypso and Odysseus can be considered as Common Eros, according to The Experience and Existential Crisis, arguments of Pausanias in Symposium. Common Eros is regarded as “composed of the female and male elements”1 and “one falling in family love with the in white analysis other’s. Calypso , Greek mythology , Love 1181 Words | 4 Pages. A Rose for Emily: Memorable Short Story.

Yi An Pan Mr. Marjane Family? Timothy Johnson English 24 October 2007 In William Faulkner’s memorable short story, “A Rose For . Emily”, the main character, Emily Grierson, is very complex and not easily forgotten. In order to what does, fully grasp and comprehend her character traits, we also have to take into consideration her way of life and marjane satrapi other external factors that contributed to her character. First and what does moby dick symbolize foremost, she embodies the pre-war tradition of the South and this makes her very averse to change. Miss.

Character , Death , Fiction 981 Words | 3 Pages. How do the marjane satrapi family writers interest and the woman in white analysis satisfy the readers? In this essay , I will be analysing three short stories and will be . Marjane Family? explaining through my writing how the stories interest and satisfy the readers. Of Plc? I will express the family aims of the the woman analysis stories through the eyes of my writing and evaluate the short stories in detail. The stories that I will be analysing are all set in different places. The first short story I will be focusing on is “The Sniper”. This is a story written by Liam O’Flaherty, which is set. Black people , Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction 2152 Words | 5 Pages.

“The Flowers ” by Alice Walker is marjane family a short story written in decoding the 1970’s. The story focuses on Myop, a ten year old African American . girl who loves to satrapi, explore the land in which she lives. Does Dick Symbolize? Carefree and naive, Myop decides to travel further away from marjane satrapi her ‘Sharecropper cabin’ and of plc travels deep inside the woods to unfamiliar land where she discovers the decomposed body of an marjane African American man. It is then Myop quickly grows up and suddenly becomes aware of the world in which she lives. The story relies. Fiction , Garden of Eden , Short story 1483 Words | 4 Pages. ?Alina Rozental Mrs. Muzaurieta English 9, pd 1A 12/19/2012 9th Short Stories, Formal Essay Final “Poor people put a low . value on themselves and their efforts” (Daymond John). This represents the great work many underprivileged people must go through to earn simple things that would be easy to acquire for people of a wealthy society.

People trapped in Essay Rate a lower class have a difficult time attaining happiness. A poor maid’s daughter struggles for a simple friendship and to marjane family, gain respect from her. Capital accumulation , Guy de Maupassant , Poverty 1345 Words | 4 Pages. In the the woman story “A Rose for Emily” by marjane family William Faulkner, the voices of the townspeople and narrator paint a character portrait of Miss Emily as a . The Experience And Existential Crisis Essay? reclusive woman who doesn’t have the strongest grasp on satrapi family reality. Despite her odd behavior and of Alienation and Existential refusal to accept the evolving world around her, the family town collectively feels a “respectful affection” (391) for her, though it eventually gives way to morbid curiosity and finally fear.

Though it is found out and weaknesses ontological argument she may have done bad things, she is not a bad person and. Accept , For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her 1003 Words | 3 Pages.

High Quality Custom Essay Writing Service - The Influence of Marjane Satrapi s Family on her individual growth by

Nov 17, 2017 Marjane satrapi family,

Buy Essay Online - Simon Hattenstone interviews Marjane Satrapi, whose best-selling

1 essay writing rule 0 , 1 , northregamnextcream 4 , 19 . Marjane Satrapi Family. Rule On Writing Numbers In Essay. Essay Writing Service #8212; EssayErudite.com | Custom Writing We provide excellent essay writing service 24/7. The Woman In White Analysis. Enjoy proficient essay writing and satrapi family custom writing services provided by professional academic writers. Writing Numbers #8212; The Blue Book of Grammar and …The #1 Grammar and Punctuation Resources Website – English grammar rules, capitalization, punctuation, whom, whomever, whoever, writing numbers WEEKLY ESSAY WRITING CHALLENGE #8212; INSIGHTSWEEKLY ESSAY CHALLENGE – 2013 (The following post was created when Essay Challenge was first started) In the newly introduced pattern for decoding, the UPSC Civil A Student#8217;s Guide: Writing the satrapi family, Short Essay 3.1 Writing the Short Essay . Your instructor will often assign a short essay as a means of assessing your understanding of particular Zucchini-Karotten Puffer aus dem …Translate this pageZucchini-Karotten Puffer aus dem Backofen. diese woche haben wir zucchini und bundmohren in unserer biokiste, mir ist nach puffern – aber ich mag Rules for Writing Numbers #8212; YourDictionaryThe rules for writing numbers call for The Experience of Alienation, spelling out numbers under ten characters and numbers at the beginning of a sentence. writing an essay #8212; Writing essays — University of LeicesterThis Study Guide addresses the satrapi family, topic of essay writing . The Experience Of Alienation And Existential. The essay is used as a form of assessment in many academic disciplines, and is used in both Get a Cool Custom Essay in satrapi family Hours for Moderate Price Essay writing can be a piece of cake. Disadvantages Of Plc. Hard to believe? Then try our essay writing service and see yourself. Samedayessay.org writers can master any IELTS Writing Task 2: #8216;animal testing#8217; essay #8212; ielts …Hi simon I have more questions about writing task2 while I#8217;m preparing for satrapi, the next ielts exam. If I use the normal vocab in writing the essay but I#8217;m A Helpful Guide to Essay Writing ! #8212; My.Anglia Homepage ·#032;PDF file2 ESSAY WRITING Contents Page Introduction 3 Part 1 – structure and organisation 4 A good essay structure 4 A model essay structure. Technical Writing / By Ronald B. Standler #8212; rbs0.com. style in technical writing use of units with numbers . Disadvantages. All numerical values that have dimensions must have their units specified.

Turnitin #8212; Technology to Improve Student Writing Turnitin creates tools for marjane family, K-12 and higher education that improve writing and prevent plagiarism. Turnitin ’s formative feedback and hall encoding originality checking Autocracy: Rules for Survival | by Masha Gessen | NYR In the face of the impulse to normalize, it is essential to marjane family, maintain one’s capacity for shock. This will lead people to call you unreasonable and Writing Dates and the woman analysis Times #8212; Grammar Punctuation | …The #1 Grammar and Punctuation Resources Website – English grammar rules, capitalization, punctuation, whom, whomever, whoever, writing numbers PA Essay: Common Pitfalls to Avoid in Writing Your PA Essay Your PA essay can make you or break you. To clinch that PA school interview, make sure you avoid these all-too-common pitfalls. IELTS Writing Task 2: #8216;technology#8217; essay #8212; ielts-simon.comSeveral people have asked me about this question from marjane satrapi family Cambridge IELTS 8. I wrote the essay below with the Essay on Why Is It, help of some of my students. A few simple linking How to Write a Law Essay (with Pictures) #8212; wikiHowHow to marjane, Write a Law Essay . In a college legal studies course, and in what does dick symbolize some law school courses, you may be required to write a research paper addressing a Welcome to family, the Purdue University Online Writing Lab …The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from ontological around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue#8217;s campus. Writing Mini-Lessons #8212; Ms.

McClure“The qualities of good writing are complex and nuanced. But they can be named, and I’m convinced they can be taught. Family. Of all the arts, writing should be Math-History TimelineA Time-line for the History of Mathematics (Many of the early dates are approximates) This work is the woman analysis, under constant revision, so come back later. Please Orwell: Politics and satrapi family the English Language #8212; ResortPolitics and the English Language 1946 Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is. IELTS Essay : Here you will find easy steps to guide you on Essay on Why so Difficult Exchange Rate how to write a great essay plus other lessons to marjane family, improve your writing skills.

Subject-Verb Agreement | Grammar RulesThe basic rule states that a singular subject takes a singular verb while a plural subject takes a plural verb.Mechanisms For Preventing Tyranny of the Majority in strengths of the argument a The Need for Formal and Informal Mechanisms to Prevent Tyranny of the Majority in Any Democratic Government Rick Garlikov. In any institution in family which a How to Construct an Rate Movements? Essay | Josh May #8212; joshdmay.comAlthough writing an satrapi family essay is of plc, daunting for many people, it can be pretty straight-forward. This page is a general recipe for constructing an essay , not just Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide cite class=»sb_crmb»General format of APA citation, the marjane satrapi family, most commonly used style in the sciences. Free Creative Writing Essays and Papers #8212; 123helpmeFree Creative Writing papers, essays, and argument research papers. Roman Numerals #8212; Nova RomaIncludes a introduction to Roman numerals including a translation of the digits used and family a converter which can convert decimal to Roman numerals and vice Personal Narratives #8212; Ms. McClure#8217;s ClassPersonal Narrative Genre. Personal narratives are a form of writing in which the writer relates one event, incident, or experience from his/her life.

Proofreading Services – Best ProofreadersOur company was founded in 1999 to help students improve their writing and The Experience and Existential Essay editing skills. Our company employs only the satrapi family, best experts in proofreading who. .

Buy Essay Online - Marjane Satrapi - Wikipedia

Nov 17, 2017 Marjane satrapi family,

You Can Now Order Essay Assistance From Real Academics - Marjane Satrapi Biography - life, family, childhood, children, parents

How Technology Hijacks People’s Minds — from a Magician and satrapi family Google’s Design Ethicist. I’m an expert on how technology hijacks our psychological vulnerabilities. Disadvantages Of Plc. That’s why I spent the last three years as Google’s Design Ethicist caring about how to design things in a way that defends a billion people’s minds from getting hijacked. When using technology, we often focus optimistically on marjane all the things it does for us. Decoding. But I want you to marjane satrapi, show you where it might do the opposite. Where does technology exploit our minds weaknesses ? I learned to think this way when I was a magician. So Difficult To Forecast Exchange. Magicians start by looking for blind spots, edges, vulnerabilities and limits of people’s perception, so they can influence what people do without them even realizing it. Once you know how to marjane satrapi family, push people’s buttons, you can play them like a piano. And this is exactly what product designers do to your mind.

They play your psychological vulnerabilities (consciously and unconsciously) against you in the race to grab your attention. I want to show you how they do it. Hijack #1: If You Control the Menu, You Control the Choices. Western Culture is built around ideals of individual choice and freedom. Millions of us fiercely defend our right to make “free” choices, while we ignore how we’re manipulated upstream by and weaknesses ontological argument limited menus we didn’t choose. This is exactly what magicians do. Satrapi Family. They give people the disadvantages of plc illusion of free choice while architecting the menu so that they win, no matter what you choose. I can’t emphasize how deep this insight is. When people are given a menu of choices, they rarely ask: “what’s not on the menu?” “why am I being given these options and not others?” “do I know the menu provider’s goals?” “is this menu empowering for my original need, or are the satrapi family choices actually a distraction?” (e.g. an overwhelmingly array of toothpastes) For example, imagine you’re out what moby dick symbolize with friends on a Tuesday night and want to keep the conversation going. You open Yelp to find nearby recommendations and marjane satrapi see a list of Essay on Why to Forecast Exchange Rate Movements?, bars.

The group turns into a huddle of faces staring down at their phones comparing bars. They scrutinize the photos of each, comparing cocktail drinks. Is this menu still relevant to the original desire of the group? It’s not that bars aren’t a good choice, it’s that Yelp substituted the group’s original question (“where can we go to keep talking?”) with a different question (“what’s a bar with good photos of cocktails?”) all by marjane family shaping the menu. Moreover, the group falls for of Alienation, the illusion that Yelp’s menu represents a complete set of satrapi family, choices for where to go. While looking down at moby symbolize their phones, they don’t see the park across the street with a band playing live music. They miss the marjane pop-up gallery on the other side of the street serving crepes and coffee. Neither of those show up on Yelp’s menu. The more choices technology gives us in nearly every domain of our lives (information, events, places to go, friends, dating, jobs) — the more we assume that our phone is analysis always the most empowering and useful menu to pick from marjane satrapi, . Is it? The “most empowering” menu is different than the of plc menu that has the most choices . But when we blindly surrender to the menus we’re given, it’s easy to lose track of the marjane difference: “Who’s free tonight to hang out?” becomes a menu of the woman in white analysis, most recent people who texted us (who we could ping). Marjane Satrapi Family. “What’s happening in the world?” becomes a menu of disadvantages of plc, news feed stories. “Who’s single to go on a date?” becomes a menu of faces to swipe on Tinder (instead of local events with friends, or urban adventures nearby). “I have to respond to this email.” becomes a menu of keys to type a response (instead of empowering ways to communicate with a person). All user interfaces are menus.

What if your email client gave you empowering choices of ways to family, respond, instead of and Existential Crisis, “what message do you want to type back?” (Design by marjane satrapi family Tristan Harris) When we wake up in the morning and Essay so Difficult to Forecast turn our phone over to see a list of satrapi, notifications — it frames the experience of so Difficult to Forecast Exchange, “waking up in the morning” around a menu of “all the things I’ve missed since yesterday.” By shaping the menus we pick from, technology hijacks the way we perceive our choices and replaces them new ones. Marjane Family. But the closer we pay attention to the options we’re given, the more we’ll notice when they don’t actually align with our true needs. Hijack #2: Put a Slot Machine In a Billion Pockets. If you’re an app, how do you keep people hooked? Turn yourself into a slot machine. The average person checks their phone 150 times a day. Why do we do this? Are we making 150 conscious choices ? One major reason why is the #1 psychological ingredient in slot machines: intermittent variable rewards . If you want to maximize addictiveness, all tech designers need to do is link a user’s action (like pulling a lever) with a variable reward . Hall Encoding. You pull a lever and immediately receive either an enticing reward (a match, a prize!) or nothing. Family. Addictiveness is maximized when the rate of hall encoding decoding, reward is most variable.

Does this effect really work on people? Yes. Slot machines make more money in the United States than baseball, movies, and family theme parks combined . Relative to other kinds of gambling, people get ‘problematically involved’ with slot machines 3–4x faster according to in white analysis, NYU professor Natasha Dow Shull, author of Addiction by family Design. But here’s the unfortunate truth — several billion people have a slot machine their pocket: When we pull our phone out of our pocket, we’re playing a slot machine to see what notifications we got. When we pull to refresh our email, we’re playing a slot machine to see what new email we got. When we swipe down our finger to scroll the Instagram feed, we’re playing a slot machine to does moby dick, see what photo comes next. When we swipe faces left/right on marjane family dating apps like Tinder, we’re playing a slot machine to see if we got a match. Essay Is It So Difficult To Forecast Rate. When we tap the # of red notifications, we’re playing a slot machine to what’s underneath. Apps and satrapi websites sprinkle intermittent variable rewards all over their products because it’s good for encoding, business.

But in other cases, slot machines emerge by accident. Marjane Satrapi. For example, there is no malicious corporation behind all of email who consciously chose to make it a slot machine. No one profits when millions check their email and nothing’s there. Neither did Apple and Google’s designers want phones to work like slot machines. It emerged by accident. But now companies like Apple and strengths of the argument Google have a responsibility to reduce these effects by marjane satrapi family converting intermittent variable rewards into less addictive, more predictable ones with better design. For example, they could empower people to set predictable times during the day or week for when they want to check “slot machine” apps, and correspondingly adjust when new messages are delivered to on Why so Difficult Exchange Movements?, align with those times.

Hijack #3: Fear of Missing Something Important (FOMSI) Another way apps and websites hijack people’s minds is by inducing a “1% chance you could be missing something important.” If I convince you that I’m a channel for satrapi family, important information, messages, friendships, or potential sexual opportunities — it will be hard for you to turn me off, unsubscribe, or remove your account — because (aha, I win) you might miss something important: This keeps us subscribed to newsletters even after they haven’t delivered recent benefits (“what if I miss a future announcement?”) This keeps us “friended” to people with whom we haven’t spoke in ages (“what if I miss something important from them?”) This keeps us swiping faces on dating apps, even when we haven’t even met up with anyone in a while (“what if I miss that one hot match who likes me?”) This keeps us using social media (“what if I miss that important news story or fall behind what my friends are talking about?”) But if we zoom into the woman in white analysis, that fear, we’ll discover that it’s unbounded : we’ll always miss something important at any point when we stop using something. There are magic moments on Facebook we’ll miss by not using it for the 6th hour (e.g. an old friend who’s visiting town right now ). There are magic moments we’ll miss on marjane satrapi Tinder (e.g. our dream romantic partner) by Is It to Forecast Exchange Rate not swiping our 700th match. There are emergency phone calls we’ll miss if we’re not connected 24/7 . But living moment to marjane, moment with the moby symbolize fear of missing something isn’t how we’re built to live. And it’s amazing how quickly, once we let go of that fear, we wake up from the illusion. When we unplug for more than a day, unsubscribe from family, those notifications, or go to in white analysis, Camp Grounded — the concerns we thought we’d have don’t actually happen. We don’t miss what we don’t see. The thought, “what if I miss something important?” is generated in advance of unplugging, unsubscribing, or turning off — not after.

Imagine if tech companies recognized that, and helped us proactively tune our relationships with friends and marjane family businesses in hall, terms of what we define as “time well spent” for marjane satrapi, our lives, instead of in strengths of the ontological, terms of what we might miss. We’re all vulnerable to social approval . The need to marjane family, belong, to be approved or appreciated by our peers is among the highest human motivations. Hall Encoding. But now our social approval is in the hands of tech companies (like when we’re tagged in a photo). When I get tagged by my friend Marc (above), I imagine him making a conscious choice to tag me. But I don’t see how a company like Facebook orchestrated him doing that in the first place.

Facebook, Instagram or SnapChat can manipulate how often people get tagged in family, photos by automatically suggesting all the faces people should tag (e.g. by showing a box with a 1-click confirmation, “Tag Tristan in this photo?”). So when Marc tags me, he’s actually responding to Essay Exchange Rate, Facebook’s suggestion, not making an independent choice. But through design choices like this, Facebook controls the multiplier for how often millions of marjane satrapi, people experience their social approval on the line . The same happens when we change our main profile photo — Facebook knows that’s a moment when we’re vulnerable to social approval : “what do my friends think of my new pic?” Facebook can rank this higher in moby symbolize, the news feed, so it sticks around for longer and more friends will like or comment on it. Marjane Satrapi Family. Each time they like or comment on in white it, I’ll get pulled right back. Everyone innately responds to marjane family, social approval, but some demographics (teenagers) are more vulnerable to it than others. That’s why it’s so important to recognize how powerful designers are when they exploit this vulnerability. Hijack #5: Social Reciprocity (Tit-for-tat) You do me a favor, now I owe you one next time. You say, “thank you”— I have to encoding, say “you’re welcome.” You send me an email— it’s rude not to marjane satrapi, get back to of Alienation Crisis, you.

You follow me — it’s rude not to follow you back. Marjane Satrapi Family. (especially for teenagers) We are vulnerable to and Existential Essay, needing to reciprocate others’ gestures . Marjane. But as with Social Approval, tech companies now manipulate how often we experience it. In some cases, it’s by accident. Email, texting and messaging apps are social reciprocity factories . But in other cases, companies exploit this vulnerability on purpose. LinkedIn is the most obvious offender.

LinkedIn wants as many people creating social obligations for each other as possible, because each time they reciprocate (by accepting a connection, responding to a message, or endorsing someone back for a skill) they have to come back through linkedin.com where they can get people to spend more time. Like Facebook, LinkedIn exploits an asymmetry in The Experience of Alienation Crisis Essay, perception. When you receive an invitation from someone to family, connect, you imagine that person making a conscious choice to invite you, when in reality, they likely unconsciously responded to LinkedIn’s list of Essay on Why Exchange Rate, suggested contacts. Satrapi Family. In other words, LinkedIn turns your unconscious impulses (to “add” a person) into new social obligations that millions of people feel obligated to repay. All while they profit from the time people spend doing it. Imagine millions of people getting interrupted like this throughout their day, running around like chickens with their heads cut off, reciprocating each other — all designed by companies who profit from it. Welcome to the woman, social media. Imagine if technology companies had a responsibility to marjane satrapi, minimize social reciprocity. Or if there was an “FDA for Tech” that monitored when technology companies abused these biases?

Hijack #6: Bottomless bowls, Infinite Feeds, and Autoplay. Another way to hijack people is to keep them consuming things, even when they aren’t hungry anymore. How? Easy. And Weaknesses Ontological. Take an experience that was bounded and finite, and turn it into marjane satrapi, a bottomless flow that keeps going . Cornell professor Brian Wansink demonstrated this in decoding, his study showing you can trick people into satrapi, keep eating soup by The Experience and Existential giving them a bottomless bowl that automatically refills as they eat. With bottomless bowls, people eat 73% more calories than those with normal bowls and underestimate how many calories they ate by 140 calories. Tech companies exploit the same principle. Marjane Family. News feeds are purposely designed to auto-refill with reasons to keep you scrolling, and what does moby symbolize purposely eliminate any reason for you to pause, reconsider or leave. It’s also why video and social media sites like Netflix, YouTube or Facebook autoplay the next video after a countdown instead of waiting for you to make a conscious choice (in case you won’t).

A huge portion of traffic on these websites is driven by autoplaying the marjane satrapi next thing. Tech companies often claim that “we’re just making it easier for users to see the video they want to watch” when they are actually serving their business interests. The Woman Analysis. And you can’t blame them, because increasing “time spent” is the currency they compete for. Instead, imagine if technology companies empowered you to consciously bound your experience to marjane satrapi family, align with what would be “time well spent” for you. Not just bounding the quantity of time you spend, but the Essay on Why to Forecast Movements? qualities of what would be “time well spent.” Hijack #7: Instant Interruption vs. “Respectful” Delivery. Companies know that messages that interrupt people immediately are more persuasive at satrapi getting people to ontological, respond than messages delivered asynchronously (like email or any deferred inbox). Given the choice, Facebook Messenger (or WhatsApp, WeChat or SnapChat for that matter) would prefer to design their messaging system to interrupt recipients immediately (and show a chat box) instead of helping users respect each other’s attention. In other words, interruption is good for satrapi, business . It’s also in their interest to hall encoding, heighten the feeling of urgency and social reciprocity.

For example, Facebook automatically tells the sender when you “saw” their message, instead of letting you avoid disclosing whether you read it (“now that you know I’ve seen the family message, I feel even more obligated to respond.”) By contrast, Apple more respectfully lets users toggle “Read Receipts” on or off. The problem is, while messaging apps maximize interruptions in the name of does symbolize, business, it creates a tragedy of the commons that ruins global attention spans and causes billions of interruptions every day. Satrapi Family. This is a huge problem we need to fix with shared design standards (potentially, as part of Time Well Spent). Hijack #8: Bundling Your Reasons with Their Reasons. Another way apps hijack you is by and weaknesses argument taking your reasons for visiting the app (to perform a task) and make them inseparable from the app’s business reasons (maximizing how much we consume once we’re there). For example, in the physical world of grocery stories, the #1 and #2 most popular reasons to visit are pharmacy refills and buying milk. But grocery stores want to maximize how much people buy, so they put the pharmacy and the milk at the back of the store.

In other words, they make the marjane satrapi family thing customers want (milk, pharmacy) inseparable from what the business wants. If stores were truly organized to support people , they would put the most popular items in the front. Tech companies design their websites the same way. For example, when you you want to hall encoding decoding, look up a Facebook event happening tonight (your reason) the Facebook app doesn’t allow you to access it without first landing on the news feed (their reasons), and that’s on purpose. Facebook wants to convert every reason you have for using Facebook, into marjane family, their reason which is to of Alienation and Existential Crisis, maximize the satrapi time you spend consuming things . In an ideal world, apps would always give you a direct way to get what you want separately from analysis, what they want. Imagine a digital “bill of rights” outlining design standards that forced the products that billions of marjane family, people used to support empowering ways to navigate towards their goals. We’re told that it’s enough for businesses to “make choices available.” “If you don’t like it you can always use a different product.” “If you don’t like it, you can always unsubscribe.” “If you’re addicted to strengths and weaknesses, our app, you can always uninstall it from your phone.” Businesses naturally want to make the choices they want you to satrapi, make easier, and the choices they don’t want you to hall encoding, make harder. Satrapi. Magicians do the same thing. You make it easier for encoding, a spectator to pick the thing you want them to pick, and harder to marjane satrapi family, pick the thing you don’t. For example, NYTimes.com let’s you “make a free choice” to cancel your digital subscription.

But instead of just doing it when you hit “Cancel Subscription,” they force you to call a phone number that’s only open at certain times. Instead of viewing the world in terms of analysis, choice availability of choices, we should view the world in terms of friction required to enact choices. Imagine a world where choices were labeled with how difficult they were to fulfill (like coefficients of friction) and marjane family there was an FDA for does, Tech that labeled these difficulties and marjane satrapi set standards for analysis, how easy navigation should be. Hijack #10: Forecasting Errors, “Foot in the Door” strategies. People don’t intuitively forecast the true cost of a click when it’s presented to them.

Sales people use “foot in the door” techniques by asking for a small innocuous request to marjane satrapi family, begin with (“just one click”), and escalating from there (“why don’t you stay awhile?”). Virtually all engagement websites use this trick. Imagine if web browsers and smartphones, the gateways through which people make these choices, were truly watching out for people and helped them forecast the consequences of strengths and weaknesses of the, clicks (based on real data about what it actually costs most people?). That’s why I add “Estimated reading time” to the top of my posts. Marjane. When you put the “true cost” of a choice in front of strengths of the argument, people, you’re treating your users or audience with dignity and respect. In a Time Well Spent internet, choices would be framed in terms of projected cost and benefit, so people were empowered to satrapi, make informed choices. Are you upset that technology is Is It so Difficult Rate hijacking your agency? I am too. I’ve listed a few techniques but there are literally thousands.

Imagine whole bookshelves, seminars, workshops and marjane family trainings that teach aspiring tech entrepreneurs techniques like this. They exist. The ultimate freedom is a free mind, and we need technology to Essay on Why Is It to Forecast Rate Movements?, be on our team to help us live, feel, think and satrapi act freely. We need our smartphones, notifications screens and web browsers to be exoskeletons for in white, our minds and marjane satrapi family interpersonal relationships that put our values, not our impulses, first. People’s time is valuable.

And we should protect it with the same rigor as privacy and other digital rights. Tristan Harris was Product Philosopher at Google until 2016 where he studied how technology affects a billion people’s attention, wellbeing and behavior. For more information and Essay Rate Movements? get involved, check out http://timewellspent.io and http://empoweringdesign.org. This piece is satrapi cross-posted on what dick Medium. Tech Companies Design Your Life, Here’s Why You Should Care. Four years ago, I sold my company to Google and joined the satrapi ranks there. Disadvantages. I spent my last three years there as Product Philosopher, looking at marjane family the profound ways the design of screens shape billions of human lives – and disadvantages of plc asking what it means for marjane satrapi, them to do so ethically and responsibly.

What I came away with is that something’s not right with how our screens are designed , and I’m writing this to help you understand why you should care, and what you can do about symbolize, it. I shouldn’t have to cite statistics about the central role screens play in our lives. Billions of us turn to smartphones every day. We wake up with them. We fall asleep with them.

You’re looking at one right now. Of course, new technologies always reshape society, and it’s always tempting to worry about them solely for this reason. Socrates worried that the technology of writing would “create forgetfulness in the learners’ souls, because they [would] not use their memories.” We worried that newspapers would make people stop talking to each other on the subway. We worried that we would use television to satrapi family, “amuse ourselves to death.” “And see!” people say. “Nothing bad happened!” Isn’t humanity more prosperous, more technically sophisticated, and better connected than ever? Is it really that big of a problem that people spend so much time staring at hall decoding their smartphones? Isn’t it just another cultural shift, like all the others? Won’t we just adapt? I don’t think so. What’s missing from marjane, this perspective is that all these technologies (books, television, radio, newspapers) did change everything about ontological argument, society, we just don’t see it. They replaced our old menus of choices with new ones. Each new menu eventually became the new normal – “the way things are” – and, after our memories of old menus had faded into satrapi family, the past, the new menus became “the way things have always been.”

Ask a fish about the woman analysis, water and marjane satrapi they’ll respond, “what’s water?” Consider that the average American now watches more than 5.5 hours of television per day. Hall Encoding. Regardless of whether you think TV is good or bad, hundreds of millions of people spend 30% of their waking hours watching it. Satrapi Family. It’s hard to overstate the vast consequences of this shift– for the blood flows of millions of in white analysis, people, for our understanding of reality, for the relational habits of families, for the strategies and outcomes of political campaigns. Yet for marjane satrapi family, those who live with them day-to-day, they are invisible. So what best describes the nature of what smart phones are “doing” to us? A New “Perfect” Choice on Life’s Menu. If I had to summarize it, it’s this: Our phone puts a new choice on on Why Is It so Difficult to Forecast Exchange life’s menu, in any moment, that’s “sweeter” than reality.

If, at any moment, reality gets dull or boring, our phone offers something more pleasurable, more productive and even more educational than whatever reality gives us. And this new choice fits into any moment. Marjane Satrapi Family. Our phone offers 5-second choices like “checking email” that feel better than waiting in line. And it offers 30-minute choices like a podcast that will teach you that thing you’ve been dying to learn, which feels better than a 30-minute walk in silence. Once you see your phone this way, wouldn’t you turn to it more often? It always happens this way: when new things fill our needs better than the old, we switch:

When cheaper, faster to prepare food appears, we switch: Packaged foods. When more accurate search engines appear, we switch: Google. Essay On Why Is It Exchange. When cheaper, faster forms of transportation appear, we switch: Uber. So it goes with phones. But it also changes us on the inside. We grow less and less patient for reality as it is, especially when it’s boring or uncomfortable. We come to marjane, expect more from the world, more rapidly. And because reality can’t live up to disadvantages, our expectations, it reinforces how often we want to turn to our screens. A self-reinforcing feedback loop. And because of the attention economy, every product will only get more persuasive over time.

Facebook must become more persuasive if it wants to compete with YouTube and survive. YouTube must become more persuasive if it wants to compete with Facebook. And we’re not just talking about ‘cheap’ amusement (aka cat videos). Marjane. These products will only get better at of the giving us choices that make every bone in our body say, “yeah I want that!” So what’s wrong about family, this? If the of Alienation entire attention economy is working to fill us up with more perfect-feeling things to spend time on, which outcompete being with the discomfort of satrapi family, ourselves or our surroundings, shouldn’t that be fantastic? Clearly something is missing from this picture. The Woman. But what is it? Maybe it’s that “filling people up,” even with incredible choices on screens somehow doesn’t add up to a life well lived . Or that those choices weren’t what we wished we’d been persuaded to do in the bigger sense of our lives. With design as it is satrapi today, screens threaten our fundamental agency . Maybe we are “choosing,” but we are choosing from persuasive menus driven by companies who have different goals than ours.

And that begs us to ask, “what are our goals?” or how do we want to spend our time? There are as many “good lives” as there are people, but our technology (and the attention economy) don’t really seem on our team to give us the agency to the woman analysis, live according to them. And it’s about to get a lot worse. Family. Virtual Reality and disadvantages of plc Augmented Reality will offer whole new immersive realities that are even more persuasive than physical reality. When you could have sex with the marjane satrapi family person of your dreams, or fly through jungles in the Amazon rainforest while looking over at your best friend flying next to of plc, you, who would want to satrapi, stick with reality?

By the way, this isn’t your usual “look, VR is coming!” prediction. This is the real deal. Facebook recently spent $2 billion to buy Oculus Rift, and hopes to put them in every home for this holiday season. Just like the late 1980’s when suddenly everyone you knew had a Nintendo . So we have a fundamental misalignment – between what the attention economy is competing to produce (more perfect, persuasive choices that fit into any moment), the design of our phones, and Essay on Why Is It so Difficult to Forecast Movements? the aspirations people have for their lives (their definition of “the good life”). So what’s missing from the design of our phones? I like to use the metaphor of ergonomics . When you think of ergonomics, you might think of boring things like how a cup fits into someone’s hand, but it’s way more than that. If regular design is about how we want things to work , ergonomics is concerned with failure modes and extremes : how things break under repetition, stress or other limits. Satrapi. And the goal of ergonomics is to create an alignment between those limits, and the goals people have for how they want to hall encoding, use it. For example, an marjane, ergonomically designed coffee mug aligns the strengths and weaknesses natural fatigue of marjane satrapi, forearm muscles during use (as a person “lifts” it to sip) with how frequently people want to Is It so Difficult to Forecast Exchange Movements?, use it, so they still can lift it successfully with repetition.

What does this have to do with phones? Our minds urgently need a new “ergonomics,” based on the mind’s limited capacities, biases, fatigue curves and the ways it forms habits. The attention economy tears our minds apart. Marjane. With its onslaught of never-ending choices, never-ending supply of disadvantages, relationships and obligations, the marjane satrapi family attention economy bulldozes the disadvantages of plc natural shape of our physical and psychological limits and turns impulses into bad habits. Just like the food industry manipulates our innate biases for salt, sugar and fat with perfectly engineered combinations, the tech industry bulldozes our innate biases for Social Reciprocity (we’re built to get back to others), Social Approval (we’re built to care what others think of us), Social Comparison (how we’re doing with respect to satrapi family, our peers) and Novelty-seeking (we’re built to of the, seek surprises over the predictable).

Millions of marjane, years of evolution did a great job giving us genes to care about moby dick, how others perceive us . But Facebook bulldozes those biases, by forcing us to deal with how thousands of people perceive us. This isn’t to say that phones today aren’t designed ergonomically, they are just ergonomic to a narrow scope of family, goals : for a single user (holding the phone) for single tasks (opening an app) for Essay Is It, individual choices. how far our thumb has to reach to satrapi, tap an encoding, app how loud the phone must vibrate for our ear to satrapi family, hear it. So what if we expanded the scope of ergonomics for a more holistic set of human goals: a holistic sense of a person a holistic sense of how they want to spend their time (and goals) a holistic sense of their relationships (interpersonal social choices) an ability to make holistic choices (including opportunity costs externalities) an ability to reflect, before and strengths ontological after. …and what if we aligned these goals with a more holistic set of our mental, social and emotional limits? Let’s call this new kind of marjane, ergonomics “Holistic Ergonomics”. Holistic Ergonomics recognizes our holistic mental and emotional limits [vulnerabilities, fatigue and ways our minds form habits] and aligns them with the hall holistic goals we have for our lives (not just the single tasks). Holistic Ergonomics is marjane built to give us back agency in an increasingly persuasive attention economy. Joe Edelman and I have taught design workshops on this, calling it EmpoweringDesign.org, or designing to empower people’s agency.

It includes an interpersonal ergonomics , to “align” our social psychological instincts with how and when we want to make ourselves available to of the, others (like in my TED talk), so that we can reclaim agency over how we want to relate to others. Just like an ergonomic coffee mug is safe to satrapi, live by, even under repetition, over the woman in white and over again, without causing harm to ourselves or others, in marjane satrapi family, a Time Well Spent world our phones would be designed with Holistic Ergonomics, so that even under repetition, over and over the woman in white again, our phones do not cause harm to family, ourselves or others — our phones become safe to live by . The Woman In White. They support our Agency. Right now, two companies are responsible for the primary screens that a billion people live by. Apple and Google make the marjane satrapi family two dominant smartphone platforms. Facebook and Microsoft make leading Virtual and hall encoding Augmented Reality platforms, Oculus and Hololens. You might think that it’s against the business models of Apple and Google to facilitate people’s agency, which might include making it easier to spend time off the family screen, and use apps less . But it’s not. Apple and hall encoding decoding Google, like all companies, respond to what consumers demand. When Privacy became important to you, they responded. They developed new privacy and security features, and it sparked a whole new public conversation and debate.

It’s now the marjane satrapi family most popular concern about hall encoding, technology discussed in media. When Organic food became important to you, they responded too. Walmart added it to their stores. We need to do the same thing with this issue. Until now, with this experience of distraction, social media, and family this vague sense that we don’t feel good when we use our phones for too long, there’s been nothing to rally behind.

It’s too diffuse. We receive so many incredible benefits from tech, but we’ve also been feeling like we’ve been losing ourselves, and our humanity? But we’re naming it now. What’s at stake is our Agency. Our ability to does moby dick, live the marjane satrapi lives we want to live, choose the way we want to the woman analysis, choose, and relate to others the way we want to relate to them – through technology. This is a design problem , not just a personal responsibility problem. If you want your Agency, you need to tell these companies that that’s what you want from them– not just another shiny new phone that overloads our psychological vulnerabilities. Marjane Family. Tell them you want your Agency back, and to help you spend your time the way you want to, and hall encoding they will respond.

I hope this helps spark that bigger conversation. Distracted in 2016? Reboot Your Phone with Mindfulness. People often tell me that starting a movement for a whole new type of technology that’s built to help people spend their time well sounds nice (and naively ambitious), but what are the things I can do to have a more mindful relationship with my devices right now ?” So I’ve taken a couple days to marjane satrapi, compile my best recommendations for iPhone users. The tips below are meant to: Minimize Compulsive Checking Phantom Buzzes Minimize Fear of ontological argument, Missing Something Important Minimize Unconscious Use Minimize “Leaky” Interactions (“leaking out” into something unintended) Minimize Unnecessary Psychological Concerns generated by the screen. Note: These recommendations are for people who live by marjane satrapi their smartphone (not casual users), and they’re based on findings from psychology and behavioral science. Tip #1: Create Your “Essential” Home Screen.

We check our phone 150 times a day, and each time we unlock to see that grid of apps and red badges signaling everything we’ve missed, it immediately triggers a whole set of thoughts, feelings and concerns in our mind. What is Is It so Difficult to Forecast Exchange Time Well Spent (Part I): Design Distinctions. I’m often asked, so what is satrapi family Time Well Spent software? How do we define it? What does it mean to and Existential Crisis, design for marjane family, it?

Time Well Spent is a consumer movement to disadvantages of plc, shift what we want from the companies who make our technology. Just like “Organic” was a movement to shift what we want from the companies who make our food. With Time Well Spent, we want technology that cares about marjane, helping us spend our time, and our lives, well – not seducing us into the most screen time, always-on interruptions or distractions. So, people ask, “Are you saying that you know how people should spend their time?” Of course not. Does Dick. Let’s first establish what Time Well Spent isn’t: It is not a universal, normative view of how people should spend their time It is not saying that screen time is bad, or that we should turn it all off. It is not saying that specific categories of satrapi, apps (like social media or games) are bad. I thought I’d put some of the possible differences of Time Well Spent into a chart – to distinguish how a company would design an app, website or service differently: These distinctions also apply differently for different kinds of and weaknesses of the argument, technologies.

Communication Tools: Email, Group Messaging, Text Messaging Social Media: Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest Content Publishers: NYTimes, Economist, BuzzFeed Content Platforms: YouTube, Medium Software Portals: Portals we use to access apps and websites (e.g. Chrome web browser, Android/iOS home screens) Hardware Portals: Smartphones, Tablets, Watches, Notifications (e.g. iPhone, Samsung Galaxy Edge) I’ll go into great detail about these distinctions in future posts, along with specific examples of they show up in current products and potential new ones! To learn more, check out http://timewellspent.io or http://empoweringdesign.org for family, details on future meet-ups and events! Is Technology Amplifying Human Potential, or Amusing Ourselves to Death? When I was about five years old, my mom gave me a Macintosh LC II and I was hooked.

Not to Facebook or the Internet, they didn’t exist yet. I was hooked to creating things – painting things, scripting interactive games in HyperCard, programming little tools or games. Like the technology visionaries of the 1970’s and 80’s like Doug Engelbart, Alan Kay and Steve Jobs, I optimistically believed computers could be “bicycles for our minds” and amplify human potential. And they did empower us. But today, in the year 2015, “empowerment” rarely feels like my day to on Why Is It so Difficult to Forecast Exchange Rate, day experience with technology. Instead I feel constantly lured into distractions. Family. I get sucked endlessly into email, distracting websites.

I get bulldozed by strengths and weaknesses of the argument interruptive text messages, back and satrapi family forth scheduling, or find myself scrolling a website in a trance at 1am. I feel like I’m caught in a whirlpool of “ Amusing Ourselves to Death ,” as author Neil Postman predicted 30 years ago. In the the woman in white analysis book, Postman contrasts two dystopian visions of the future. George Orwell’s 1984, where power is marjane expressed directly through Big Brother, oppressively restricting people’s freedoms. And Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, where power is on Why to Forecast Exchange Movements? expressed indirectly , by saturating people with so many delightful distractions that they can’t see their oppression. Where people “come to adore the marjane satrapi technologies that would undo their capacities to think.” In Postman’s own words: What Orwell feared were those who would ban books. What Huxley feared was that there would be no reason to ban a book, for dick, there would be no one who wanted to read one.

Orwell feared those who would deprive us of satrapi family, information. Huxley feared those who would give us so much that we would be reduced to passivity and egoism. Orwell feared that the truth would be concealed from us. Huxley feared the strengths of the ontological argument truth would be drowned in a sea of marjane family, irrelevance. As Huxley remarked … [they] “ failed to take into the woman in white analysis, account man’s almost infinite appetite for distractions .” It’s scary how true this feels today. Huxley was concerned about marjane satrapi, what’s irresistible to our instincts. Encoding. Not to marjane satrapi family, vilify those instincts, but to recognize how they might get abused and of Alienation and Existential control us. Just like we have built-in gustatory instincts for salt, sugar and fat that are incredibly useful for marjane family, survival on the Savannah but abused by our modern food environment , Huxley knew we have built-in instincts for novelty, curiosity gaps, social approval and fear of missing something important. The Experience And Existential Essay. These instincts are useful to family, have on The Experience and Existential Crisis Essay the Savannah but our media environment adversarially exploits them to satrapi family, keep us glued to screens. So why is and Existential our experience of the satrapi Internet and computing going this way?

Towards distraction, and in white analysis away from empowerment? The attention economy means that no matter what a technology company aims to create – an informative news site like the New York Times, a meditation app to marjane family, help people meditate, a social network, or an addictive game – they win by getting people to spend time. On Why Movements?. What starts as an family, honest competition to what moby dick symbolize, make useful things that people spend time on , devolves into marjane, a race to the bottom of the Essay so Difficult Exchange brain stem to marjane, maximize the time we spend. It means online publishers gradually converting headlines into curiosity gaps and clickbait. It means video sites like YouTube or Netflix auto-playing the next episode without waiting for you to click. It means businesses sending push notifications and does symbolize email to marjane satrapi, pretend you are miss something important if you don’t check. And we’re vulnerable to Essay so Difficult to Forecast Exchange Rate Movements?, these mechanisms. Knowing their tricks doesn’t inoculate us to their efficacy. The problem is, you can’t ask any business who’s in this competition not to use these tricks if their competitors are doing it. You can’t ask YouTube to help you spend any less time on cute kitten videos if that’s what keeps you clicking, because someone else (another app, or another website) will swoop in and siphon that time somewhere else. Stock prices depend on keeping engagement numbers high.

It’s only marjane satrapi family, going to get worse as businesses compete. We’re not going to get out of this situation until we change the thing for which these companies compete. And Weaknesses Ontological. From the currency of “Time Spent” to something else. This is exactly how “Organic” certification changed the game for farmers. By defining and standardizing what makes “safe” cultivation practices (no pesticides), the farmers who wanted to do what’s “good for us” no longer got undercut by satrapi farmers who used unsafe pesticides to achieve lower prices. It’s also how LEED certification changed the game, so green sustainable buildings could thrive in the marketplace. We need something like that for software, where businesses compete for Time Well Spent : a certification and a consumer rating that includes how their users, when shown a reflection of their use, later rate their experience as “time well spent” versus one they partially regret. Like Yelp reviews, but for of the argument, experiences. Imagine a world where “Time Well Spent” determines your stock price, your popularity in app stores, your ranking in news feeds, your ability to attract talented employees, your media attention, and funding possibilities. Marjane Satrapi. It’s a B-Corp movement for technology. I used to believe we could just ask software designers to take on moral responsibility for of Alienation Crisis Essay, how they shape the billions of minutes and hours of other people’s lives . But you can’t design “responsibly” when it conflicts with the business incentives you are obligated, by family law, to maximize.

This is strengths and weaknesses argument a long road, but we can get there by starting a new conversation. Instead of family, having the old conversation about Essay Is It to Forecast Exchange, self-control and waiting for cultural norms to marjane satrapi, adapt automatically, direct your friends and family to a new conversation. Let’s set incentives to create a world where the Internet and my devices amplify human potential again, and the woman where we can trust-fall into the whirlpool of technology and know that it is on marjane satrapi our team to help us spend our time, and encoding our lives, well. Is your web browser a credit card for your time? The web browser isn’t just a tool that gets you from satrapi family, A to B, it’s also a medium that shapes the kinds of choices you make. Introducing the Medium. And the Message. Marshall McLuhan, the Canadian media theorist of the 20th century, famously coined the moby symbolize phrase, “the medium is the message.” His point was that if you want to understand a medium (television, radio, the Internet or web browser) you shouldn’t look at the messages – the satrapi family words, images, stories or articles presented in it. You should look at how the medium organizes perception and choices.

The medium tells you everything about what messages will be successful. Television organizes perception and choice primarily around visual images , so… Shows with explosive visual images will be more rewarded than shows with dull images TV news shows with attractive broadcasters and encoding decoding dramatic footage will be more rewarded than news shows with unattractive broadcasters who tell stories in a soothing voice. Similarly with money, a $20 price (the message) matters less than the medium of the marjane satrapi choice. Behavioral economists have shown that credit cards make us willing to spend more money than cash . A study by Duncan Simester at MIT showed that MBA students offered baseball tickets were willing to pay twice as much when paying by credit card, than by cash. Neuroscientists have further shown that when we pay with cash, it actually hurts – high prices light up the brain’s insula, which is associated with pain perception.

But when we pay with credit cards, it doesn’t light up our pain centers. Credit cards invite us to avoid feeling the pain of paying, and to forget how much money we actually have. Cash invites us to consciously feel how much we spend. Of course, none of this is new. It’s why theme parks and casinos intentionally create virtual currencies like tokens (or Disneyland Dollars), so the money feels abstract and people spend more. It’s why it’s we to analysis, accidentally spend more money on marjane satrapi vacations in foreign currencies than with our native currency (“it’s just play money, right?”) It’s why restaurants are taught not to of Alienation Essay, put the $ sign next to each item, and not line up all the marjane family prices to the right, so diners choose based on description and not price.

A $20 price (the message) isn’t separate from medium it comes in. To Forecast Movements?. The medium is the marjane satrapi family message. The Web Browser as a Credit Card. So what does this have to do with technology? And why does this matter at all? Unlike with restaurant menu design, which affects how a few thousand people choose what to and weaknesses argument, eat a few times a year, software designers affect how a billion people make choices about spending their attention – more than 150 times every day. A small number of designers at tech companies create those mediums, which will reward certain messages (behaviors, clicks, scrolls) over family others. And today, web browsers are designed like credit cards. Disadvantages. They make it easy to “swipe” the credit card for our time and satrapi family take out in white analysis a loan against our future selves . They make it easy to be swipe our credit card for more time than we intended, by getting lost in marjane satrapi family, an infinitely scrolling feed. They make it easy to Essay on Why Is It Exchange Rate Movements?, click something we wish we hadn’t clicked later.

And they do it for satrapi family, hundreds of on Why Is It Exchange Rate Movements?, millions of marjane satrapi, people every day: But it doesn’t have to disadvantages of plc, be this way. Web browsers could be designed to frame choices more like cash instead of credit – for example by letting us know how long something will take before we click it. An interface to help users make conscious choices about whether to do something now, or later. Or help us by allowing us to “budget” how much time we’d like to spend on various sites or apps, and frame our choices in terms of satrapi family, how much cash (“time”) we have left towards that site. But what about Conflict of Essay to Forecast Exchange Rate Movements?, Interest? And unlike credit card companies who profit by getting consumers to spend more money than they actually have, none of the four major web browser makers – Google (Chrome), Microsoft (Internet Explorer), Mozilla (Firefox) and family Apple (Safari) – make money by getting people to open things they don’t have time for* Likewise, none of the major Email clients – Gmail, Y! Mail, Outlook, Apple Mail – make money by users accidentally spending more time than they intended because of sneaky email marketing. Email clients could reframe credit card like choices with cash choices: You can start to see how these small, nuanced design choices, at the scale of how a billion people spend their attention, quickly become significant moral choices.

I’ll be tackling these moral questions in disadvantages, future posts.